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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298280/nutritional-recommendations-for-adult-bariatric-surgery-patients-clinical-practice
#1
REVIEW
Shiri Sherf Dagan, Ariela Goldenshluger, Inbal Globus, Chaya Schweiger, Yafit Kessler, Galit Kowen Sandbank, Tair Ben-Porat, Tali Sinai
Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective treatment for morbid obesity and its associated metabolic complications. To ensure long-term postoperative success, patients must be prepared to adopt comprehensive lifestyle changes. This review summarizes the current evidence and expert opinions with regard to nutritional care in the perioperative and long-term postoperative periods. A literature search was performed with the use of different lines of searches for narrative reviews. Nutritional recommendations are divided into 3 main sections: 1) presurgery nutritional evaluation and presurgery diet and supplementation; 2) postsurgery diet progression, eating-related behaviors, and nutritional therapy for common gastrointestinal symptoms; and 3) recommendations for lifelong supplementation and advice for nutritional follow-up...
March 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225661/lgbtq-youth-part-1
#2
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In order to provide holistic care, school nurses must be culturally competent by being sensitive to health disparities experienced by students in at-risk populations. Despite the growing acceptance toward gender and sexual minorities, LGBTQ youth remain an at-risk population in our communities and our schools. School nurses as well as school counselors, social workers, and psychologists can increase their cultural competence in caring for this group of students by increasing their understanding of appropriate terminology and risks associated with this vulnerable group...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#3
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225320/park-prescription-dc-park-rx-a-new-strategy-to-combat-chronic-disease-in-children
#4
Robert Zarr, Linda Cottrell, Chaya Merrill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222400/antiprotozoal-antimycobacterial-and-anti-inflammatory-evaluation-of-cnidoscolus-chayamansa-mc-vaugh-extract-and-the-isolated-compounds
#5
Mariana Z Pérez-González, Gabriel A Gutiérrez-Rebolledo, Lilián Yépez-Mulia, Irma S Rojas-Tomé, Julieta Luna-Herrera, María A Jiménez-Arellanes
Cnidoscolus chayamansa is a medicinal and edible plant known as Chaya, is commonly used as an anti-inflammatory, antiprotozoal, antibacterial agent and as a remedy for respiratory illness, gastrointestinal disorders, and vaginal infections related with the inflammation process. In this paper, we describe the plant's phytochemical analysis and biological activities (antimycobacterial, antibacterial, antiprotozoal, and anti-inflammatory properties) of the CHCl3:MeOH (1:1) leaves extract and isolated compounds, as well as the acute and sub-acute toxic effects...
February 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123285/sexual-dimorphism-in-foramen-magnum-dimensions-in-the-south-indian-population-a-digital-submentovertex-radiographic-study
#6
Neha Ajit Raikar, Manasa A Meundi, Chaya M David, Mahesh Dathu Rao, Sanjay Chikkarasinakere Jogigowda
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Personal identification is a vital arena of forensic investigation, facilitating the search for missing persons. This process of identification is eased by the determination of age, sex, and ethnicity. In situations where there are fragmented and mutilated skeletal remains, sex determination is relatively difficult, and it becomes important to establish the accuracy of individual bones. AIM: This study aims to evaluate sexual dimorphism in foramen magnum (FM) dimensions in the South Indian population using digital submentovertex (SMV) radiograph...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115485/ick-ciliary-kinase-is-essential-for-planar-cell-polarity-formation-in-inner-ear-hair-cells-and-hearing-function
#7
Shio Okamoto, Taro Chaya, Yoshihiro Omori, Ryusuke Kuwahara, Shun Kubo, Hirofumi Sakaguchi, Takahisa Furukawa
Cellular asymmetries play crucial roles in development and organ function. The planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway is involved in the establishment of cellular asymmetry within the plane of a cell sheet. Inner ear sensory hair cells, which have several rows of staircase-like stereocilia and one kinocilium located at the vertex of the stereocilia protruding from the apical surface of each hair cell, exhibit a typical form of PCP. While connections between cilia and PCP signaling in vertebrate development have been reported, their precise nature is not well understood...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111814/testosterone-serum-profile-semen-characteristics-and-testicular-biometry-of-mangalarga-marchador-stallions-in-a-tropical-environment
#8
B Waddington, J M Penitente-Filho, Jgs Neves, R O Pinho, A Y Chaya, P P Maitan, C O Silveira, M G Neves, Sef Guimarães, G R de Carvalho, J D Guimarães
This study was conducted to characterize the daily profile of testosterone secretion and its mean concentrations in the four seasons as well as to evaluate the semen characteristics and testicular biometry of Mangalarga Marchador stallions throughout the year in a tropical region. Three stallions were submitted to semen collections and evaluation of testicular biometry every 14 days along a year. Blood samples were collected once at the middle of each season, in a 20-min interval during 24 hr in order to evaluate the testosterone secretion profiles among seasons...
January 23, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097399/segregation-for-fertility-and-meiotic-stability-in-novel-brassica-allohexaploids
#9
Margaret W Mwathi, Mehak Gupta, Chaya Atri, Surinder S Banga, Jacqueline Batley, Annaliese S Mason
Allohexaploid Brassica populations reveal ongoing segregation for fertility, while genotype influences fertility and meiotic stability. Creation of a new Brassica allohexaploid species is of interest for the development of a crop type with increased heterosis and adaptability. At present, no naturally occurring, meiotically stable Brassica allohexaploid exists, with little data available on chromosome behaviour and meiotic control in allohexaploid germplasm. In this study, 100 plants from the cross B. carinata × B...
January 17, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095036/differentiation-of-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-from-other-renal-cortical-tumors-by-use-of-a-quantitative-multiparametric-mri-approach
#10
Andreas M Hötker, Yousef Mazaheri, Andreas Wibmer, Christoph A Karlo, Junting Zheng, Chaya S Moskowitz, Satish K Tickoo, Paul Russo, Hedvig Hricak, Oguz Akin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a quantitative multiparametric MRI approach to differentiating clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) from other renal cortical tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 119 patients with 124 histopathologically confirmed renal cortical tumors who underwent preoperative MRI including DWI, contrast-enhanced, and chemical-shift sequences before nephrectomy. Two radiologists independently assessed each tumor volumetrically, and apparent diffusion coefficient values, parameters from multiphasic contrast-enhanced MRI (peak enhancement, upslope, downslope, AUC), and chemical-shift indexes were calculated...
March 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040534/cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-survivors-of-childhood-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-treated-with-total-body-irradiation-a-longitudinal-analysis
#11
Danielle Novetsky Friedman, Patrick Hilden, Chaya S Moskowitz, Maya Suzuki, Farid Boulad, Nancy A Kernan, Suzanne L Wolden, Kevin C Oeffinger, Charles A Sklar
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors treated with total body irradiation (TBI) are known to be at increased risk for the development of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). We sought to characterize the incidence of CVRFs in a TBI-exposed survivor cohort and to describe prognostic indicators of their development through a retrospective analysis of CVRFs in 1-year survivors of leukemia or lymphoma treated with TBI at Memorial Sloan Kettering between April 1987 and May 2011. Eligible participants were age ≤21 years at the time of TBI and were not receiving glucocorticoid therapy at the time of entry to long-term follow-up...
March 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028762/screening-for-thyroid-cancer-in-survivors-of-childhood-and-young-adult-cancer-treated-with-neck-radiation
#12
Emily S Tonorezos, Dana Barnea, Chaya S Moskowitz, Joanne F Chou, Charles A Sklar, Elena B Elkin, Richard J Wong, Duan Li, R Michael Tuttle, Deborah Korenstein, Suzanne L Wolden, Kevin C Oeffinger
BACKGROUND: The optimal method of screening for thyroid cancer in survivors of childhood and young adult cancer exposed to neck radiation remains controversial. Outcome data for a physical exam-based screening approach are lacking. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of adult survivors of childhood and young adult cancer with a history of neck radiation followed in the Adult Long-Term Follow-Up Clinic at Memorial Sloan Kettering between November 2005 and August 2014...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012356/radiogenomic-evaluation-of-lung-cancer-are-there-imaging-characteristics-associated-with-lung-adenocarcinomas-harboring-braf-mutations
#13
Darragh F Halpenny, Andrew Plodkowski, Gregory Riely, Junting Zheng, Anya Litvak, Chaya Moscowitz, Michelle S Ginsberg
INTRODUCTION: We studied computed tomography (CT) features associated with BRAF mutated lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CT features of BRAF mutated lung cancers were compared to stage matched lesions without BRAF mutation. RESULTS: 47 (25%) patients with BRAF mutation and 141 (75%) without BRAF mutation were included. BRAF lesions were most frequently solid 37 (84%), spiculated 22 (50%), and peripheral 37 (84%). No feature of the primary tumor was significantly different between BRAF and non-BRAF groups...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008695/family-members-experience-of-intensive-care-unit-support-group-qualitative-analysis-of-intervention
#14
Dvora Kirshbaum-Moriah, Chaya Harel, Julie Benbenishty
BACKGROUND: Family members of intensive care unit patients develop anxiety, depression and/or symptoms suggestive of risk for post-traumatic stress. Nurse-led support groups have been recommended and used in a variety of settings as a mechanism to help meet family needs and overcome challenges. These groups have been reported to increase the members' understanding of complex medical issues involved in their situations and to be helpful in identifying practical coping mechanisms. AIM: To investigate the experiences of family members participating in a nurse-social worker led support group in the intensive care unit...
December 22, 2016: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936421/catheter-directed-endovascular-application-of-thrombin-report-of-3-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Majid Maybody, David C Madoff, Raymond H Thornton, Steven A Morales, Chaya S Moskowitz, Meier Hsu, Lynn A Brody, Karen T Brown, Anne M Covey
PURPOSE: To report 3 new cases of catheter-directed endovascular application of thrombin and explore trends by analysis of published case series. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study. All cases of non-tumoral arterial embolization performed from January 2003 to January 2015 at our institution were retrospectively reviewed. Thrombin was used in 7 of 589 cases. In 3 cases intra arterial thrombin was injected via catheter to treat active hemorrhage...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926354/the-experience-of-women-carriers-of-brca-mutations-following-risk-reducing-surgery-a-cultural-perspective
#16
Michal Mahat-Shamir, Chaya Possick
In this qualitative study, we examine the experience of 13 Jewish Israeli women carriers of BRCA mutations following risk-reducing surgery. Thematic analysis of in-depth, semi-structured interview texts yielded three themes: (a) dialectic of vulnerability and control, (b) presentation of self as a "normal" woman, and (c) genetic chain of negative life events and guilt. Aspects of Israeli culture impacting participants' experiences are: personal and collective responsibility, the shift toward consumerism, and pro-natal ideology...
April 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921159/differentiation-of-uterine-leiomyosarcoma-from-atypical-leiomyoma-diagnostic-accuracy-of-qualitative-mr-imaging-features-and-feasibility-of-texture-analysis
#17
Yulia Lakhman, Harini Veeraraghavan, Joshua Chaim, Diana Feier, Debra A Goldman, Chaya S Moskowitz, Stephanie Nougaret, Ramon E Sosa, Hebert Alberto Vargas, Robert A Soslow, Nadeem R Abu-Rustum, Hedvig Hricak, Evis Sala
PURPOSE: To investigate whether qualitative magnetic resonance (MR) features can distinguish leiomyosarcoma (LMS) from atypical leiomyoma (ALM) and assess the feasibility of texture analysis (TA). METHODS: This retrospective study included 41 women (ALM = 22, LMS = 19) imaged with MRI prior to surgery. Two readers (R1, R2) evaluated each lesion for qualitative MR features. Associations between MR features and LMS were evaluated with Fisher's exact test. Accuracy measures were calculated for the four most significant features...
December 5, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888956/improving-adherence-in-hospitalized-patients-diagnosed-with-schizophrenia-an-integrative-one-on-one-intervention
#18
Sagit Dahan, Pnina Behrbalk, Tali Stolovy, Chaya Greenberger
OBJECTIVE: This study examined an individualized integrative nursing intervention for improving attitude and adherence. METHODS: The sample included 60 patients, randomly assigned to an experimental or control group. Measures included The Visual Analog Scale for Assessing Treatment Compliance and the Drug Attitude Inventory (DAI- 10). RESULTS: Significant differences were found in attitude and reported adherence for the experimental group, before and after...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843923/spongiotic-trachyonychia-treated-with-topical-corticosteroids-using-the-paper-tape-occlusion-method
#19
EDITORIAL
Tomo Sakiyama, Ayaka Chaya, Tomoko Shimizu, Tamotsu Ebihara, Masataka Saito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833274/effect-of-external-volume-expansion-on-the-survival-of-fat-grafts
#20
Raghuveer Reddy, Subramania Iyer, Mohit Sharma, Sundeep Vijayaraghavan, P Kishore, Jimmy Mathew, A K K Unni, P Reshmi, Rakesh Sharma, Chaya Prasad
INTRODUCTION: External volume expansion (EVE) is one method, which has been utilised for increasing the survival of adipose tissue grafts. EVE releases positive pressure from the graft and also induces intense levels of edema that decreases diffusion of metabolites essential for graft survival initially. The ideal timing of external volume expansion in relation to the injection of the fat to facilitate survival is not yet clear. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate and compare the efficacy of external volume expansion applied at variable time points in relation to the injection of the fat...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
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