keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Artisan

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440982/-intelligence-quotient-loss-in-mexican-pottery-artisan-s-children
#1
Daniel Estrada-Sánchez, Bret Ericson, Cuauhtémoc Arturo Juárez-Pérez, Guadalupe Aguilar-Madrid, Lina Hernández, Sandra Gualtero, Jack Caravanos
BACKGROUND: In Mexico, artisans frequently use lead oxide or greta in order to produce utensils, which are destined to preparation and storage of food and drinks. Additionally, the risk of lead poisoning of artisans and their families is greater than in general population, and within these families, children are the most susceptible to lead poisoning. The aim of this study was to estimate IQ loss in Mexican children from potter families exposed to lead. METHODS: Lead concentrations in soil were determined in 19 potter's homes that functioned as pottery workshops in seven Mexican states between 2009 and 2012...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440966/lead-levels-in-vegetables-from-artisanal-mining-sites-of-dilimi-river-bukuru-and-barkin-ladi-north-central-nigeria-cancer-and-non-cancer-risk-assessment
#2
Orish Ebere Orisakwe, Emmanuel Ayuba Dagur, Herbert Orji Chidi Mbagwu, Nnaemeka Arinze Udowelle
Lead (Pb) contamination of foods and especially of frequently consumed vegetables is a growing public health concern worldwide. Although levels of exposure in developed countries have declined over the past decades, the same cannot be said of developing countries. Health risk assessment has increasingly been employed to determine the potential hazard of heavy metal exposure to humans. In this study vegetable samples (tomatoes, red pepper, brown beans, lettuce, cabbage, Irish potatoes, onions, green beans and carrot), soil samples, irrigation water and sediment samples were collected from the Dilimi River, Bukuru and Barkin Ladi communities in north central Nigeria and analyzed for Pb content using atomic absorption spectroscopy...
March 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409430/spatio-temporal-distribution-of-metals-in-household-dust-from-rural-semi-urban-and-urban-environments-in-the-niger-delta-nigeria
#3
Chukwujindu M A Iwegbue, Ejiro C Oliseyenum, Bice S Martincigh
Concentrations of metals in household dust samples from rural, semi-urban and urban zones of the Niger Delta in Nigeria were measured during both 2009 and 2014 with the aim of providing information on changes in the concentrations, distribution patterns, sources and risks of metals in these zones. The concentrations of metals in the dust samples were quantified by using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrophotometry (ICP-AES) after digestion with aqua regia. The measured concentrations (mg kg(-1)) of metals in the three zones within the study periods were as follows: <LOQ-21...
April 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399998/bacterial-ecology-of-artisanal-minas-cheeses-assessed-by-culture-dependent-and-independent-methods
#4
Luana Martins Perin, Maria Luisa Savo Sardaro, Luís Augusto Nero, Erasmo Neviani, Monica Gatti
Artisanal Minas cheese is produced in Minas Gerais state, Brazil and its varieties are named according to their geographical origin (Serro, Canastra, Serra do Salitre, Araxá and Campo das Vertentes). The cheese is produced with raw cow's milk and the whey from the previous cheese production ("pingo"). The high economic and cultural importance of artisanal cheese in Brazil justifies the efforts to ensure its safety, quality and provenance. This study aimed to characterize the microbial diversity composition, and geographical distribution of artisanal Minas cheese, focusing on the characterization of its autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) microbiota...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389791/isolation-and-characterization-of-14-tetranucleotide-microsatellite-loci-for-the-cannonball-jellyfish-stomolophus-sp-by-next-generation-sequencing
#5
Leandro Nicolás Getino-Mamet, Tania Valdivia-Carrillo, Liza Gómez Daglio, Francisco Javier García-De León
The Cannonball jellyfish (Stomolophus sp.) is a species of jellyfish with high relevance in artisanal fishing. Studies of their populations do not extend beyond the morphological descriptions knowing that presents a great morphological variability. However, there are no genetic studies to determine the number of independent populations, so microsatellite markers become a suitable option. Since there are no species-specific microsatellite loci, in this paper, 14 new microsatellite loci are characterized. Microsatellite loci were isolated de novo through next generation sequencing, by two runs on Illumina MiSeq...
April 7, 2017: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384620/recovering-traditional-raw-milk-tetilla-cheese-flavour-and-sensory-attributes-by-using-kocuria-varians-and-yarrowia-lipolytica-adjunct-cultures
#6
J A Centeno, J I Garabal, F Docampo, J M Lorenzo, J Carballo
The rationale of the present study was to evaluate the potential of microbial adjunct cultures including Kocuria varians and/or Yarrowia lipolytica strains in the recovery of the typical sensory profile of traditional (raw-milk) Tetilla cheese. Four batches of Tetilla cheese, a short ripened cows' milk cheese produced in Galicia (NW Spain), were made in duplicate from pasteurized milk inoculated with different microbial cultures. A control batch was manufactured by adding a mesophilic commercial D-starter only...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366955/signs-and-symptoms-of-mercury-exposed-gold-miners
#7
Stephan Bose-O'Reilly, Ludovic Bernaudat, Uwe Siebert, Gabriele Roider, Dennis Nowak, Gustav Drasch
OBJECTIVES: Gold miners use mercury to extract gold from ore adding liquid mercury to the milled gold-containing ore. This results in a mercury-gold compound, called amalgam. Miners smelt this amalgam to obtain gold, vaporizing it and finally inhaling the toxic mercury fumes. The objective was to merge and analyze data from different projects, to identify typical signs and symptoms of chronic inorganic mercury exposure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Miners and community members from various artisanal small-scale gold mining areas had been examined (Philippines, Mongolia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Indonesia)...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366884/zilsel-s-thesis-maritime-culture-and-iberian-science-in-early-modern-europe
#8
Henrique Leitão, Antonio Sánchez
Zilsel's thesis on the artisanal origins of modern science remains one of the most original proposals about the emergence of scientific modernity. We propose to inspect the scientific developments in Iberia in the early modern period using Zilsel's ideas as a guideline. Our purpose is to show that his ideas illuminate the situation in Iberia but also that the Iberian case is a remarkable illustration of Zilsel's thesis. Furthermore, we argue that Zilsel's thesis is essentially a sociological explanation that cannot be applied to isolated cases; its use implies global events that involve extended societies over large periods of time...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335439/mercury-levels-in-human-hair-and-farmed-fish-near-artisanal-and-small-scale-gold-mining-communities-in-the-madre-de-dios-river-basin-peru
#9
Aubrey L Langeland, Rebecca D Hardin, Richard L Neitzel
Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) has been an important source of income for communities in the Madre de Dios River Basin in Peru for hundreds of years. However, in recent decades, the scale of ASGM activities in the region has increased dramatically, and exposures to a variety of occupational and environmental hazards related to ASGM, including mercury, are becoming more widespread. The aims of our study were to: (1) examine patterns in the total hair mercury level of human participants in several communities in the region and compare these results to the 2...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321878/reproductive-biology-of-haemulon-plumierii-in-the-south-western-atlantic-ocean-s-most-extensive-reefs-implications-for-fisheries-management
#10
G C S Hoffmann, M O Freitas, R L Moura, M Previero, V Abilhoa
The reproductive biology of the white grunt Haemulon plumierii was studied from 360 individuals obtained from artisanal fisheries landings in the Abrolhos Bank, Brazil, between August 2010 and March 2012. The overall sex-ratio did not differ significantly from 1:1, although males predominated in larger size classes. β-Binomial modelling of historical sex-ratio data indicated that the catch rate of females has increased in recent years. Females reached maturity at a smaller total length (LT ; 214 mm) than males (235 mm LT ) and the LT at which 50% of all individuals are mature (L50 ) was 220 mm, corresponding to 41·5% of the maximum recorded LT ...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320260/craft-money-and-mercy-an-apothecary-s-self-portrait-in-sixteenth-century-bologna
#11
Barbara Di Gennaro Splendore
The apothecary occupied a liminal position in early modern society between profit and healing. Finding ways to distance their public image from trade was a common problem for apothecaries across Europe. This article uses the case of a Bolognese apothecary, Filippo Pastarino, to address the question of how early modern apothecaries chose to represent themselves to political authorities and to the wider public. 'Mercy', alongside 'craft', was a pillar of apothecaries' social identity. By contrast, no matter how central financial transactions ('money') were to their activity, apothecaries did not want to be perceived as merchants...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316351/air-contamination-by-mercury-emissions-and-transformations-a-review
#12
Barbara Gworek, Wojciech Dmuchowski, Aneta H Baczewska, Paulina Brągoszewska, Olga Bemowska-Kałabun, Justyna Wrzosek-Jakubowska
The present and future air contamination by mercury is and will continue to be a serious risk for human health. This publication presents a review of the literature dealing with the issues related to air contamination by mercury and its transformations as well as its natural and anthropogenic emissions. The assessment of mercury emissions into the air poses serious methodological problems. It is particularly difficult to distinguish between natural and anthropogenic emissions and re-emissions from lands and oceans, including past emissions...
2017: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300778/phage-biodiversity-in-artisanal-cheese-wheys-reflects-the-complexity-of-the-fermentation-process
#13
Jennifer Mahony, Angelo Moscarelli, Philip Kelleher, Gabriele A Lugli, Marco Ventura, Luca Settanni, Douwe van Sinderen
Dairy fermentations constitute a perfect "breeding ground" for bacteriophages infecting starter cultures, particularly strains of Lactococcus lactis. In modern fermentations, these phages typically belong to one of three groups, i.e., the 936, P335, and c2 phage groups. Traditional production methods present fewer chemical and physical barriers to phage proliferation compared to modern production systems, while the starter cultures used are typically complex, variable, and undefined. In the current study, a variety of cheese whey, animal-derived rennet, and vat swab samples from artisanal cheeses produced in Sicily were analysed for the presence of lactococcal phages to assess phage diversity in such environments...
March 16, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295334/artisanal-sonoran-cheese-cocido-cheese-an-exploration-of-its-production-process-chemical-composition-and-microbiological-quality
#14
Paúl F Cuevas-González, Priscilia Y Heredia-Castro, José I Méndez-Romero, Adrián Hernández-Mendoza, Ricardo Reyes-Díaz, Belinda Vallejo-Cordoba, Aarón F González-Córdova
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to explore and document the production process of artisanal Cocido cheese and to determine its chemical composition and microbiological quality, considering samples from six dairies and four retailers. RESULTS: Cocido cheese is a semi-hard (506-555 g kg(-1) of moisture), medium fat (178.3-219.1 g kg(-1) ), pasta filata-type cheese made from raw whole cow's milk. The production process is not standardized and therefore the chemical and microbiological components of the sampled cheeses varied...
March 10, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291384/foodborne-salmonellosis-in-italy-characterization-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-and-monophasic-variant-4-5-12-i-isolated-from-salami-and-human-patients
#15
Giuseppina Andreoli, Cristina Merla, Claudia Dalla Valle, Francesco Corpus, Marina Morganti, Mario D'incau, Silvia Colmegna, Piero Marone, Massimo Fabbi, Lisa Barco, Elena Carra
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (STm) and its monophasic variant 4,[5],12:i:- (VMSTm) have been responsible for an increased number of foodborne infections in humans in Europe in recent years. The aim of this study was to investigate the origin of three foodborne salmonellosis outbreaks that occurred in Pavia Province (Lombardy region, northern Italy) in 2010. Phenotypic and genetic characteristics of the STm and VMSTm isolates from patients and from food that were recovered in the framework of the three outbreaks were evaluated through serotyping, phage typing, antimicrobial susceptibility testing, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and multiple-locus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285205/soil-heavy-metal-contamination-and-health-risks-associated-with-artisanal-gold-mining-in-tongguan-shaanxi-china
#16
Ran Xiao, Shuang Wang, Ronghua Li, Jim J Wang, Zengqiang Zhang
Soil contamination with heavy metals due to mining activities poses risks to ecological safety and human well-being. Limited studies have investigated heavy metal pollution due to artisanal mining. The present study focused on soil contamination and the health risk in villages in China with historical artisanal mining activities. Heavy metal levels in soils, tailings, cereal and vegetable crops were analyzed and health risk assessed. Additionally, a botany investigation was conducted to identify potential plants for further phytoremediation...
March 9, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280791/microbiological-and-biochemical-aspects-of-inland-pecorino-abruzzese-cheese
#17
Valeria Centi, Federica Matteucci, Aldo Lepidi, Maddalena Del Gallo, Claudia Ercole
Little is known on physicochemical and biochemical characteristics of "Pecorino" Abruzzese cheese in L'Aquila province, an artisanal cheese produced from ewe raw full-cream milk. Three batches of inland "Pecorino" Abruzzese cheese were examined for microbiological, compositional, biochemical and sensory characteristics at the aim of isolating and storing in a bacterial collection, indigenous strain to preserve the microbial biodiversity present in this cheese, to a possible definition of a PDO. Cheese samples from three dairies, at different stages of production were collected and 148 colonies were characterized...
February 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257043/minerals-and-trace-elements-intakes-and-food-consumption-patterns-of-young-children-living-in-rural-areas-of-tibet-autonomous-region-p-r-china-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Michael Dermience, Françoise Mathieu, Xiao Wei Li, Stefanie Vandevijvere, William Claus, Viviane De Maertelaer, Ghislaine Dufourny, Li Bin, Dechen Yangzom, Georges Lognay
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several studies revealed clinical signs of stunting and rickets among rural populations of Tibet Autonomous Region (T.A.R.), and especially amid children. Further, these populations are affected by a bone disease named Kashin-Beck disease (KBD). However, little is known about the dietary status of this population. This survey aimed to assess the usual intakes of young Tibetan children living in rural areas around Lhasa for energy, water, and ten minerals and trace elements (Na, K, Ca, P, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, and Se) involved in bone metabolism...
March 1, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254350/the-current-status-of-artisanal-cannabis-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-in-the-united-states
#19
Dustin Sulak, Russell Saneto, Bonni Goldstein
The widespread patient use of artisanal cannabis preparations has preceded quality validation of cannabis use for epilepsy. Neurologists and cannabinoid specialists are increasingly in a position to monitor and guide the use of herbal cannabis in epilepsy patients. We report the retrospective data on efficacy and adverse effects of artisanal cannabis in Patients with medically refractory epilepsy with mixed etiologies in Washington State, California, and Maine. Clinical considerations, including potential risks and benefits, challenges related to artisanal preparations, and cannabinoid dosing, are discussed...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247340/distal-impacts-of-aquarium-trade-exploring-the-emerging-sandhopper-orchestoidea-tuberculata-artisanal-shore-gathering-fishery-in-chile
#20
Sebastián Tapia-Lewin, Karina Vergara, Christian De La Barra, Natalio Godoy, Juan Carlos Castilla, Stefan Gelcich
Artisanal fishery activities support the livelihoods of millions of people worldwide, particularly in developing countries. Within these fisheries, distal global drivers can promote switching between alternative target resources. These drivers can promote the rapid development of new, unregulated and previously unexploited fisheries that pose a threat to the sustainability of ecosystems. In this paper, we describe a new artisanal shore gathering activity that targets a previously unexploited resource: the sandhopper (Orchestoidea tuberculata)...
February 28, 2017: Ambio
keyword
keyword
65669
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"