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Paul E Ouboter, Gwendolyn Landburg, Gaitrie U Satnarain, Sheryl Y Starke, Indra Nanden, Bridget Simon-Friedt, William B Hawkins, Robert Taylor, Maureen Y Lichtveld, Emily Harville, Jeffrey K Wickliffe
Natural sources of mercury, historical gold mining, and contemporary artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) activities have led to mercury contamination in Suriname. Our primary objective was to evaluate mercury levels in hair of women and children from interior villages in Suriname where mercury levels in fish are elevated. We also estimated blood levels of mercury using an established mathematical conversion to facilitate comparison with other biomonitoring programs in the United States. Estimated levels of mercury in the blood of participants from Suriname were significantly higher than those in women from a heavy marine fish-consuming population in southeast Louisiana and estimates of the US national average...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
James Akazili, Samuel Chatio, John Ele-Ojo Ataguba, Isaiah Agorinya, Edmund Wedam Kanmiki, Osman Sankoh, Abraham Oduro
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, employment in the informal sector has grown rapidly in all regions including low and middle-income countries. In the developing countries, between 50 and 75% of workers are employed in the informal sector. In Ghana, more than 80% of the total working population is working in the informal sector. They are largely self-employed persons such as farmers, traders, food processors, artisans, craft-workers among others. The persistent problem in advancing efforts to address health vulnerabilities of informal workers is lack of systematic data...
May 16, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
Adeleye Solomon Bakarey, Oluwaseun Deborah Olaniyan
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection is one of the most infectious diseases worldwide and a major public health concern. In spite of efforts at controlling the scourge globally, HBV continues to thrive in developing countries, such as Nigeria due to ignorance on its mode of transmission and its asymptomatic nature in the populace. Therefore, this community-based study was carried out in Yemetu community in Ibadan, Nigeria to determine the burden of HBV infection among asymptomatic residents of this community...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Immunoassay & Immunochemistry
Hao Jin, Lanxin Mo, Lin Pan, Qaingchaun Hou, Chuanjuan Li, Iaptueva Darima, Jie Yu
Traditional fermented dairy foods including cottage cheese have been major components of the Buryatia diet for centuries. Buryatian cheeses have maintained not only their unique taste and flavor but also their rich natural lactic acid bacteria (LAB) content. However, relatively few studies have described their microbial communities or explored their potential to serve as LAB resources. In this study, the bacterial microbiota community of 7 traditional artisan cheeses produced by local Buryatian families was investigated using single-molecule, real-time sequencing...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Sujan B Marahatta, Sanju Gautam, Grish Paudel, Uday N Yadav
Background: An occupational hazard contributes to severe health problems among workers due to unhygienic conditions and lack of safety at the workplace. Economic growth and productivity can be well achieved by promoting health, safety, and improved quality workplace. Aims: To assess the knowledge of occupational hazards, use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and the factors associated with awareness on occupational hazards among automobile repair artisans in Kathmandu, Nepal...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Verónica Cortés, Jacob González-Solís
High numbers of seabirds are killed annually worldwide in longline fisheries. In the Mediterranean, this mortality is seriously affecting the viability of seabird populations, in particular of the three endemic shearwaters. Even so, there is currently no specific seabird mitigation requirements for the longline fleet operating in this area. From 2013 to 2014, we assessed the efficiency and practical applicability of four mitigation measures on artisanal demersal longliners targeting European hake (Merluccius merluccius) in the western Mediterranean: night setting, tori line, weighted lines and artificial baits...
2018: PloS One
Mayra Carla de Freitas Martins, Rosângela de Freitas, Júlio Cesar Deuvaux, Monique Renon Eller, Luís Augusto Nero, Antônio Fernandes de Carvalho
The microbiota from artisanal cheeses produced in the Amazonian region is evaluated. Samples of artisanal cheeses were obtained from markets in Conceição do Araguaia and Redenção (Pará, Brazil) over rainy and dry seasons, and their biodiversity was assessed by culture-dependent and culture-independent methods. Mean counts of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) in cheeses ranged from 7.32 to 8.84 log CFU/g, for both seasons. Members of genera Lactobacillus, Lactococcus, Weissella, Enterococcus, Pediococcus, and Leuconostoc were predominant...
June 2018: Food Research International
Mansour Rahimi, Ali Azimi, Masoud Hosseinzadeh
Purpose: We report the clinicopathological features and surgical outcomes of two cases of intraocular lens (IOL) calcification along with a review of the current literature. Case Report: The first patient was a 53-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus (type 2) who underwent phacoemulsification with posterior chamber IOL insertion (PCIOL), and pars plana vitrectomy. Significant clouding of the IOL was first noted after 1.5 years, and the IOL was replaced with an Artisan lens...
April 2018: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
Emmanuel de Jesús Ramírez-Rivera, Pablo Díaz-Rivera, Lorena Guadalupe Ramón-Canul, José Manuel Juárez-Barrientos, Jesús Rodríguez-Miranda, Erasmo Herman-Lara, Witoon Prinyawiwatkul, José Andrés Herrera-Corredor
The aim of this research was to compare the performance and sensory profiling of a panel of artisanal cheese producers against a trained panel and their relationship to consumer liking (external preference mapping). Performance was analyzed statistically at an individual level using the Fisher's test (F) for discrimination, the mean square error for repeatability, and Manhattan plots for visualizing the intra-panel homogeneity. At group level, performance was evaluated using ANOVA. External preference mapping technique was applied to determine the efficiency of each sensory profile...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
S A Appleyard, W T White, S Vieira, B Sabub
Our study is the first detailed examination of species composition using DNA COI barcoding of elasmobranchs from an artisanal fishery of Papua New Guinea. The study is the first in the region to provide biomass estimates based on species confirmation following examination of dried fins. Over 20 species of elasmobranchs were identified from 623 fins from the artisanal fishery in Milne Bay Province of PNG, with Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos and Carcharhinus melanopterus the most abundant species in the catches. Of concern, 21% of fins examined were from IUCN listed threatened species (Vulnerable or Endangered) with 8% of fins from the Endangered scalloped hammerhead (Sphyrna lewini)...
April 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
Eduardo G G Farias, Paulo R Preichardt, David V Dantas
Worldwide, the marine debris emissions have been provoking impacts in ecosystems, generating massive mortality of different species with commercial interest. In South America, we have a lack of studies to verify the marine debris composition in transitional environments such as adjacent regions of coastal jetties. These are hydraulic engineering constructions used to maintain the navigation channel access between the sea-estuarine interface and are also used by teleost fishes, crustaceans, and mollusks like artificial shelters (reefs), being excellent fishing grounds...
April 23, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Federica Giacometti, Silvia Piva, Katleen Vranckx, Katrien De Bruyne, Ilenia Drigo, Alex Lucchi, Gerardo Manfreda, Andrea Serraino
For the first time, this study evaluated the use of MALDI-TOF as a typing tool for Arcobacter butzleri. A total of 104 A. butzleri strains isolated from different sources in an artisanal dairy plant in Italy were identified and typed using MALDI-TOF and compared with their multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profiles found in previous studies. MALDI-TOF correctly identified all the isolates to species level. No clearly delineated clusters appeared on dendrograms based on either the complete spectra or the significant peaks, but nine clusters were defined using the cophenetic correlation...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Rong-Mei Peng, Yu-Xin Guo, Yuan Qiu, Yan-Sheng Hao, Jing Hong
AIM: To evaluate the complications and outcomes of descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) combined with artisan aphakia intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in severely damaged eyes without capsular support. METHODS: DSAEK combined with artisan iris claw IOL implantation was performed on 29 eyes. All eyes were of abnormal structure due to complications from prior intraocular surgeries and ocular trauma. Ocular complications observed included graft dislocations, high intraocular pressure (IOP), IOL dislocations, macular edema and hyphema...
2018: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Anna C S Porto-Fett, Stephen G Campano, Marcus Rieker, Laura J Stahler, Lianna McGEARY, Laura E Shane, Bradley A Shoyer, Manuela Osoria, John B Luchansky
All-pork mortadella, an Italian-style deli meat, was produced by a local artisanal meat producer with or without 1.0 or 1.5% liquid buffered vinegar (LBV), 0.4, 0.6, or 1.0% dry buffered vinegar (DBV), or a 2.5% blend of potassium lactate and sodium diacetate (KLac). In each of three trials, mortadella was sliced (ca. 1.5 cm thick, ca. 30 g) and surface inoculated with 250 μL per side of a five-strain mixture of Listeria monocytogenes (ca. 3.8 log CFU per slice). The packages were vacuum sealed and then stored at 4 or 12°C...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
Georgios Rozos, Chrysa Voidarou, Elisavet Stavropoulou, Ioannis Skoufos, Athina Tzora, Athanasios Alexopoulos, Eugenia Bezirtzoglou
Kopanisti is a Greek artisan cheese produced from raw milk in the island of Mykonos, Greece. The milk is left to rest for 12-24 h and then the rennet is added. After its formation the curd is left to drain for 2-3 days and is ready either for consumption (as tyrovolia fresh cheese), or with the addition of extra salt, the curd is left to ripen through further fermentation and surface development of Penicillium fungi, aprocess leading to the production of the traditional Greek cheese Kopanisti. From 120 samples of kopanisti, 574 Lactobacillus strains were isolated, distributed in 17 species (16 of them isolated from tyrovolia as well)...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Monika Kędzierska-Matysek, Mariusz Florek, Anna Wolanciuk, Joanna Barłowska, Zygmunt Litwińczuk
The aim of the study was to compare the content of selected minerals in different nectar honeys (acacia, buckwheat, raspberry, linden, rapeseed, and multifloral) available on the Polish market. The degree to which the demand for eight minerals (K, Na, Mg, Ca, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu) by adults is met by a portion of 100 g of honey was estimated as well. The material consisted of 34 artisanal honeys from direct sale and 34 samples purchased from retail stores. The artisanal honeys contained significantly more K, Mg, and Mn, but significantly less Na and Fe than the honeys purchased from the retail stores...
April 4, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Raíza de Araújo Setin, Carolina Fortes Cirimbelli, Anna Carolina Mazeto Ercolin, Sâmara Turbay Pires, Tamiris Disselli, Maria Cristina Ferrarini Nunes Soares Hage
The present study aimed to evaluate the applicability of artisanal simulators to teach veterinary and medical students the ultrasound-guided percutaneous biopsy using a tru-cut needle. The artisanal simulators consisted of bovine liver between two layers of commercially available grape gelatin. Students were paired, with one doing the biopsy and the other the ultrasound guidance. After performing the biopsies, each student answered a questionnaire with close-ended questions using a visual analog scale. The evaluated items were realism of the model, liver scanning, procedure instructions, biopsy feasibility, tru-cut needle handling, technique learning, and confidence to perform in vivo procedures...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Amelia Geraldine Peregrina-Chávez, María Del Rayo Ramírez-Galindo, Rolando Chávez-Martínez, Cesar Anuar Delahanty-Delgado, Fernando Vazquez-Alaniz
Background: The biological behaviour and clinical significance of mercury toxicity vary according to its chemical structure. Mercury differs in its degree of toxicity and in its effects on the nervous, digestive and immune systems as well as on organs such as the lungs, kidneys, skin, eyes and heart. Human exposure occurs mainly through inhalation of elemental mercury vapours during industrial and artisanal processes such as artisanal and small-scale gold mining. Case presentation: A 52-years-old female, housewife, with a body mass index of 25...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Salwa Laraqui, Tarik Ghailan, Frédéric Deschamps, Reda Hammouda, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The main objective was to evaluate the prevalence of skin diseases amongst fishermen, to specify the different clinical forms, associations and most frequent localisations, and to identify potential aetiological factors. The secondary objectives were to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of seafarers regarding occupational dermatoses to conduct information, awareness and education campaigns on risk factors and behaviours and to propose adapted prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved 1102 artisanal fishermen who attended the annual legal medical consultation at the occupational health service...
2018: International Maritime Health
Gary Schudel, Rebecca Adler Miserendino, Marcello M Veiga, P Colon Velasquez-López, Peter S J Lees, Sean Winland-Gaetz, Jean Remy Davée Guimarães, Bridget A Bergquist
Mercury (Hg) concentrations and stable isotopes along with other trace metals were examined in environmental samples from Ecuador and Peru's shared Puyango-Tumbes River in order to determine the extent to which artisanal- and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) in Portovelo-Zaruma, Ecuador contributes to Hg pollution in the downstream aquatic ecosystem. Prior studies investigated the relationship between ASGM activities and downstream Hg pollution relying primarily on Hg concentration data. In this study, Hg isotopes revealed an isotopically heavy Hg signature with negligible mass independent fractionation (MIF) in downstream sediments, which was consistent with the signature observed in the ASGM source endmember...
March 12, 2018: Chemosphere
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