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Carlos Raúl Belotti López de Medina, Lautaro López Geronazzo, Clarisa Otero
This paper reports the results of a zooarchaeological analysis conducted on the occupation layer of a compound structure (Residential Unit 1) of the Pucara de Tilcara archaeological site (Jujuy Province, northwestern Argentina). Its occupation span extends between the 13th and 15th centuries AD, but evidence diagnostic of the Inka Period (AD 1430-1536) is predominant. Residential Unit 1 was a house-workshop that hosted specialized crafts like metallurgy and lapidary during the Inka Period. It was proposed in previous works that artisans living at Pucara de Tilcara were provisioned with agropastoral products by the Inka administration...
2016: PloS One
Hossein Mohammad Rabie, Parviz Malekifar, Mohammad Ali Javadi, Danial Roshandel, Hamed Esfandiari
PURPOSE: To review our experience with crystalline lens extraction and iris claw Artisan IOL implantation in patients with lens subluxation secondary to Marfan syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 12 eyes of 9 patients with lens subluxation due to Marfan syndrome who underwent crystalline lens removal and Artisan IOL (Ophtec, Groningen, Netherlands) implantation. A questionnaire of pre- and post-operative data, including demographics, pre- and postoperative comorbidities and complications was completed...
October 5, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Anna Roccato, Mieke Uyttendaele, Federica Barrucci, Veronica Cibin, Michela Favretti, Andrea Cereser, Marta Dal Cin, Alessandra Pezzuto, Alessia Piovesana, Alessandra Longo, Elena Ramon, Stefano De Rui, Antonia Ricci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Food Microbiology
Kevin Drace, Adam M Kiefer, Marcello M Veiga
There is a variety of health and environmental issues associated with artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM), which includes concerns regarding mercury pollution. In many countries, intervention programs and policies emphasized the importance of reducing mercury use by focusing on viable alternative methods to amalgamation that may include a transition to cyanidation. ASGM communities that now employ a combination of both methods may be increasing health and environmental risks by using mercury-contaminated tailings in the cyanidation process...
September 30, 2016: Current Environmental Health Reports
Luca Cocolin, Marco Gobbetti, Erasmo Neviani, Daniele Daffonchio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Nature Microbiology
Konstantinos Papadimitriou, Eleni Mavrogonatou, Alexander Bolotin, Effie Tsakalidou, Pierre Renault
It is well recognized that Streptococcus macedonicus can populate artisanal fermented foods, especially those of dairy origin. However, the safety of S. macedonicus remains to be established. Here, we present the whole-genome sequence of strain 679, which was isolated from a French uncooked semihard cheese made with cow milk.
2016: Genome Announcements
Sebastián A Pardo, Holly K Kindsvater, Elizabeth Cuevas-Zimbrón, Oscar Sosa-Nishizaki, Juan Carlos Pérez-Jiménez, Nicholas K Dulvy
Devil rays (Mobula spp.) face intensifying fishing pressure to meet the ongoing international demand for gill plates. The paucity of information on growth, mortality, and fishing effort for devil rays make quantifying population growth rates and extinction risk challenging. Furthermore, unlike manta rays (Manta spp.), devil rays have not been listed on CITES. Here, we use a published size-at-age dataset for the Spinetail Devil Ray (Mobula japanica), to estimate somatic growth rates, age at maturity, maximum age, and natural and fishing mortality...
2016: Scientific Reports
Janet Hoek, Shelagh Ferguson, Erin Court, Karine Gallopel-Morvan
BACKGROUND: Although roll-your-own (RYO) tobacco often elicits negative connotations of a lower class product, uptake and use by young adult smokers has grown because RYO is more cost-effective than tailor-made (TM) cigarettes. We explored the practices and beliefs young adults develop to distance themselves from unattractive stereotypes of RYO smokers. METHODS: We conducted 20 in-depth interviews with New Zealand young adult RYO users aged between 18 and 30 years, and used thematic analysis to interpret the transcripts...
September 13, 2016: Tobacco Control
Jair Jesús Sánchez-Valdés, Vianey Colín-Navarro, Felipe López-González, Francisca Avilés-Nova, Octavio Alonso Castelán-Ortega, Julieta Gertrudis Estrada-Flores
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and the degree of contamination by molds and yeasts (M&Y), aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB), total coliforms (TC) and Salmonella spp. (S). These microorganisms were considered indicators of quality and hygiene in the manufacturing environment of Zacazonapan cheese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Samples from five cheese dairies at Zacazonapan municipality were collected. The samples were collected directly from hands, water, milk, curd, cheese and surface of utensils for cheese making...
August 2016: Salud Pública de México
Tamer Tandogan, Mike P Holzer, Chul Young Choi, Gerd U Auffarth, Georg Gerten, Ramin Khoramnia
PURPOSE: To conduct a material analysis of spontaneously subluxated iris-fixated phakic intraocular lenses (IOLs) using light and scanning electron microscopy. METHODS: Six explanted Artisan/Verisyse and Artiflex/Veriflex IOLs (Ophtec, Groningen, Netherlands/AMO, Santa Ana, CA) were analyzed in a laboratory using light and scanning electron microscopy. Four of the IOLs had been explanted after spontaneous subluxation leading to a decrease in visual acuity, whereas the remaining two IOLs did not demonstrate signs of disenclavation but had been explanted in the course of planned cataract surgery and thus served as the control in this study...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Jo Marie V Acebes, Malcolm Tull
The fishery for mobulid rays, also known as devil rays, has been practiced in the Bohol Sea for over a century yet very little is known about its history and characteristics. This study provides the first detailed description of the mobulid ray fishery in the Bohol Sea, Philippines. It describes the history and evolution of the fishery from the 19th century to 2013. It characterizes the fishery based on the species targeted, gears used, the organization, catch distribution, processing, monetary value, and the market of its by-products...
2016: PloS One
Stefan Doering, Stephan Bose-O'Reilly, Ursula Berger
BACKGROUND: The continuous exposure to inorganic mercury vapour in artisanal small-scale gold mining (ASGM) areas leads to chronic health problems. It is therefore essential to have a quick, but reliable risk assessing tool to diagnose chronic inorganic mercury intoxication. This study re-evaluates the state-of-the-art toolkit to diagnose chronic inorganic mercury intoxication by analysing data from multiple pooled cross-sectional studies. The primary research question aims to reduce the currently used set of indicators without affecting essentially the capability to diagnose chronic inorganic mercury intoxication...
2016: PloS One
Arielle J Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Nature Microbiology
Jose L Güell, Paula Verdaguer, Gloria Mateu-Figueras, Daniel Elies, Oscar Gris, Jose M Amich, Felicidad Manero, Merce Morral
PURPOSE: To perform a paired-eye comparison of secondary iris-claw intraocular lens (IOL) implantation for aphakia. METHODS: Retrospective, comparative, nonrandomized interventional case series of aphakic eyes, which underwent secondary iris-claw Artisan IOL (Ophtec BV) implantation for aphakia in one eye and no surgery (group 1) or cataract surgery (group 2) in the fellow eye. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), spherical equivalent, central endothelial cell count (cECC), and complications were evaluated before surgery, and at yearly intervals up to 5 years...
October 2016: Cornea
Federico Baruzzi, Laura Quintieri, Leonardo Caputo, PierSandro Cocconcelli, Mehlika Borcakli, Lubomiła Owczarek, Urszula T Jasińska, Sylwia Skąpska, Maria Morea
Ayran is a traditional Turkish milk drink which is fermented and salted. Inadequate production and storage conditions contribute to its variable organoleptic quality and stability during shelf-life. A thorough physico-chemical, nutritional and microbial characterization of artisanal Ayran was carried out in order to standardize its overall quality without altering its original traits. Ayran microbial ecosystem was largely dominated by Streptococcus thermophilus (ST) and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (LDB)...
December 2016: Food Microbiology
Iris da Silva Ferrari, Jane Viana de Souza, Cintia Lacerda Ramos, Mateus Matiuzzi da Costa, Rosane Freitas Schwan, Francesca Silva Dias
This study aimed to select autochthonous lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with probiotic and functional properties from goat dairies and test their addition to artisanal cheese for the inhibition of Salmonella typhi. In vitro tests, including survival in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), auto- and co-aggregation, the hemolytic test, DNase activity, antimicrobial susceptibility, antibacterial activity, tolerance to NaCl and exopolysaccharide (EPS), gas and diacetyl production were conducted for sixty isolates. Based on these tests, four LAB isolates (UNIVASF CAP 16, 45, 84 and 279) were selected and identified...
December 2016: Food Microbiology
Haileigh Robertson
In the early modern period, saltpetre was perhaps best known for its role as one of the three components of gunpowder. For natural philosophers in seventeenth-century England, saltpetre also had important uses in chymistry and medicine. While some factories did successfully produce saltpetre in early modern England, the domestic industry was not on the whole a great success. Intellectuals who were keen to apply their knowledge in the real world saw this as an opportunity, and proposed a variety of new and improved methods that they claimed would produce this vital material more efficiently and in abundance...
May 2016: Ambix
Mónica Moreno-Brush, Johan Rydberg, Nadia Gamboa, Ilse Storch, Harald Biester
There is an ongoing debate on the fate of mercury (Hg) in areas affected by artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM). Over the last 30 years, ASGM has released 69 tons of Hg into the southeastern Peruvian Amazon. To investigate the role of suspended matter and hydrological factors on the fate of ASGM-Hg, we analysed riverbank sediments and suspended matter along the partially ASGM-affected Malinowski-Tambopata river system and examined Hg accumulation in fish. In addition, local impacts of atmospheric Hg emissions on aquatic systems were assessed by analysing a sediment core from an oxbow lake...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
M A Ferreira, L G Bernardo, L S Neves, M R H Campos, J Lamaro-Cardoso, M C P André
The objectives of this study were to characterize Staphylococcus aureus isolated from artisanal and industrialized Minas frescal cheeses, to determine their antimicrobial susceptibility profile as well as the genetic similarity among the isolates. The isolates were also tested for staphylococcal enterotoxin genes and other virulence factors. Fifty-six artisanal raw milk cheeses sold at street fairs and 10 industrialized cheeses commercialized in supermarkets of Goiânia, Goiás, were analyzed. Staphylococcus aureus was confirmed in 19 samples (33...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Sebnem Ozturkoglu-Budak, Ad Wiebenga, Peter A Bron, Ronald P de Vries
We previously identified the microbiota present during cheese ripening and observed high protease and lipase activity in Divle Cave cheese. To determine the contribution of individual isolates to enzyme activities, we investigated a range of species representing this microbiota for their proteolytic and lipolytic ability. In total, 17 fungal, 5 yeast and 18 bacterial strains, previously isolated from Divle Cave cheese, were assessed. Qualitative protease and lipase activities were performed on skim-milk agar and spirit-blue lipase agar, respectively, and resulted in a selection of strains for quantitative assays...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
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