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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215037/the-italian-dystonia-registry-rationale-design-and-preliminary-findings
#1
Giovanni Defazio, M Esposito, G Abbruzzese, C L Scaglione, G Fabbrini, G Ferrazzano, S Peluso, R Pellicciari, A F Gigante, G Cossu, R Arca, L Avanzino, F Bono, M R Mazza, L Bertolasi, R Bacchin, R Eleopra, C Lettieri, F Morgante, M C Altavista, L Polidori, R Liguori, S Misceo, G Squintani, M Tinazzi, R Ceravolo, E Unti, L Magistrelli, M Coletti Moja, N Modugno, M Petracca, N Tambasco, M S Cotelli, M Aguggia, A Pisani, M Romano, M Zibetti, A R Bentivoglio, A Albanese, P Girlanda, A Berardelli
The Italian Dystonia Registry is a multicenter data collection system that will prospectively assess the phenomenology and natural history of adult-onset dystonia and will serve as a basis for future etiological, pathophysiological and therapeutic studies. In the first 6 months of activity, 20 movement disorders Italian centres have adhered to the registry and 664 patients have been recruited. Baseline historical information from this cohort provides the first general overview of adult-onset dystonia in Italy...
February 18, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209268/inorganic-mercury-prevents-the-differentiation-of-sh-sy5y-cells-amyloid-precursor-protein-microtubule-associated-proteins-and-ros-as-potential-targets
#2
Miguel Chin Chan, Elizabeth Bautista, Isabel Alvarado-Cruz, Betzabet Quintanilla-Vega, José Segovia
Exposure to mercury (Hg) occurs through different pathways and forms including methylmecury (MeHg) from seafood and rice, ethylmercury (EtHg), and elemental Hg (Hg(0)) from dental amalgams and artisanal gold mining. Once in the brain all these forms are transformed to inorganic Hg (I-Hg), where it bioaccumulates and remains for long periods. Hg is a well-known neurotoxicant, with its most damaging effects reported during brain development, when cellular key events, such as cell differentiation take place. A considerable number of studies report an impairment of neuronal differentiation due to MeHg exposure, however the effects of I-Hg, an important form of Hg found in brain, have received less attention...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207305/heavy-metal-presence-in-two-different-types-of-ice-cream-artisanal-ice-cream-italian-gelato-and-industrial-ice-cream
#3
D Conficoni, L Alberghini, E Bissacco, M Ferioli, V Giaccone
Ice cream, a popular product worldwide, is usually a milk-based product with other types of ingredients (fruit, eggs, cocoa, dried fruit, additives, and others). Different materials are used to obtain the desired taste, texture, consistency, and appearance of the final product. This study surveyed ice cream products available in Italy for heavy metals (lead, cadmium, chromium, tin, and arsenic). The differences between artisanal and industrial ice cream were also investigated because of the importance in the Italian diet and the diffusion of this ready-to-eat food...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203198/surgical-management-of-a-patient-with-anterior-megalophthalmos-lens-subluxation-and-a-high-risk-of-retinal-detachment
#4
María Carmen Guixeres Esteve, Augusto Octavio Pardo Saiz, Lucía Martínez-Costa, Samuel González-Ocampo Dorta, Pedro Sanz Solana
The early development of lens opacities and lens subluxation are the most common causes of vision loss in patients with anterior megalophthalmos (AM). Cataract surgery in such patients is challenging, however, because of anatomical abnormalities. Intraocular lens dislocation is the most common postoperative complication. Patients with AM also seem to be affected by a type of vitreoretinopathy that predisposes them to retinal detachment. We here present the case of a 36-year-old man with bilateral AM misdiagnosed as simple megalocornea...
January 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199937/semiquantitative-determination-of-total-mercury-in-pygocentrus-nattereri-kner-1858-and-sediment-at-the-plateau-of-upper-paraguai-river-brazil
#5
Clautenes Maria de Almeida Ferreira, Silvia Gonçalves Egler, Allegra Viviane Yallouz, Áurea Regina Alves Ignácio
In this study an environmental assessment of contamination by total mercury (THg) was carried out at the Plateau of the Upper Paraguai River. Total mercury was evaluated in sediment and muscle of the red piranha Pygocentrus nattereri Kner, 1858, a piscivorous species at the top of the food chain consumed for subsistence and commercially. THg concentrations were below national guidelines established by WHO for sediments (100 ng g(-1)) and fish (100-600 ng g(-1)) for most of the sampled sites. Two sites located downstream of artisanal diamond and gold mines had THg concentrations in fish equal or greater than 600 ng g(-1)...
January 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193368/-becoming-another-transformations-in-the-therapist-who-works-with-gay-and-lesbian-couples
#6
María Victoria Builes Correa, María Teresa Anderson Gómez, Beatriz Helena Arango Arbeláez
OBJECTIVE: To recognise the changes experienced by the therapist who works with gay and lesbian couples. METHOD: Qualitative with biographical-narrative method. Seven therapists were interviewed in Medellin. RESULTS: Three moments in the life trajectory of the participants were identified: Before: closeness and distances between families and the school were found (distances, makes reference, among others, to discourses about homosexuality...
January 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188044/cannabinoids-in-treatment-resistant-epilepsy-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Brooke K O'Connell, David Gloss, Orrin Devinsk
Treatment-resistant epilepsy (TRE) affects 30% of epilepsy patients and is associated with severe morbidity and increased mortality. Cannabis-based therapies have been used to treat epilepsy for millennia, but only in the last few years have we begun to collect data from adequately powered placebo-controlled, randomized trials (RCTs) with cannabidiol (CBD), a cannabis derivative. Previously, information was limited to case reports, small series, and surveys reporting on the use of CBD and diverse medical marijuana (MMJ) preparations containing: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD, and many other cannabinoids in differing combinations...
February 7, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178343/correction-to-fish-or-not-to-fish-factors-at-multiple-scales-affecting-artisanal-fishers-readiness-to-exit-a-declining-fishery
#8
Tim M Daw, Joshua E Cinner, Timothy R McClanahan, Katrina Brown, Selina M Stead, Nicholas A J Graham, Joseph Maina
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031460.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169144/the-legal-status-of-cannabis-marijuana-and-cannabidiol-cbd-under-u-s-law
#9
REVIEW
Alice Mead
In the United States, federal and state laws regarding the medical use of cannabis and cannabinoids are in conflict and have led to confusion among patients, caregivers, and healthcare providers. Currently, cannabis is legal for medical purposes in 50% of the states, and another seventeen states allow products that are high in cannabidiol (CBD) and low in THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) for medical use. Many of these artisanal products are sold in dispensaries or over the internet. However, none of these products has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...
February 3, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168114/are-sawfishes-still-present-in-mozambique-a-baseline-ecological-study
#10
Ruth H Leeney
Sawfishes (Pristidae) were formerly abundant in the western Indian Ocean, but current data on sawfish presence and distribution are lacking for most of the region. This paper summarises historical records of sawfishes in Mozambican waters and presents the findings of the first assessment of the presence and status of sawfishes in Mozambique. A countrywide baseline assessment was undertaken between May and July 2014, using interviews with artisanal, semi-industrial and industrial fishers, fish traders and fisheries monitoring staff as the primary source of information on sawfish distribution, recent catches, socio-economic value and cultural importance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159787/biofilm-formation-on-stainless-steel-in-milk-environment-is-mediated-by-the-proteinase-prts-in-streptococcus-thermophilus-uc8547
#11
D Bassi, F Cappa, S Gazzola, L Orrù, P S Cocconcelli
: In Streptococcus thermophilus gene transfer events and loss of ancestral traits during years contribute to its high adaptation to the milk environment. Biofilm formation capacity, a phenotype that is lost in the majority of strains, plays a role in the persistence in dairy environments, such as milk pasteurisation and cheese manufacturing plants. To investigate on this property, we have studied S. thermophilus UC8547, a fast acidifying dairy starter culture, selected for its high capacity to form biofilm on stainless steel in environmental conditions resembling the dairy environment...
February 3, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157152/toward-an-assessment-of-the-global-inventory-of-present-day-mercury-releases-to-freshwater-environments
#12
David Kocman, Simon J Wilson, Helen M Amos, Kevin H Telmer, Frits Steenhuisen, Elsie M Sunderland, Robert P Mason, Peter Outridge, Milena Horvat
Aquatic ecosystems are an essential component of the biogeochemical cycle of mercury (Hg), as inorganic Hg can be converted to toxic methylmercury (MeHg) in these environments and reemissions of elemental Hg rival anthropogenic Hg releases on a global scale. Quantification of effluent Hg releases to aquatic systems globally has focused on discharges to the global oceans, rather than contributions to freshwater systems that affect local exposures and risks associated with MeHg. Here we produce a first-estimate of sector-specific, spatially resolved global aquatic Hg discharges to freshwater systems...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109304/traditional-use-and-perception-of-snakes-by-the-nahuas-from-cuetzalan-del-progreso-puebla-mexico
#13
Romina García-López, Alejandro Villegas, Noé Pacheco-Coronel, Graciela Gómez-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Indigenous cultures are the result of their adaptation to the natural surroundings, in such a way that, amongst their main features is a set of knowledge, technologies and strategies for the appropriation of nature. In Cuetzalan del Progreso, Puebla, Mexico snakes represent 71.1% of the total local herpetofauna; and in addition to this, different groups of Nahuas have shown to have information of their use of various snake species in many ways. This study was conducted to investigate the traditional uses of snakes in this cultural group...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106302/occurrence-of-putative-virulence-genes-on-arcobacter-butzleri-isolated-from-three-different-environmental-sites-throughout-the-dairy-chain
#14
S Piva, G R Gariano, P Bonilauri, F Giacometti, L Decastelli, D Florio, E Massella, A Serraino
AIMS: This comparative study investigated the occurrence of cadF, cj1349, ciaB, pldA, tlyA, hecA, hecB, mviN, irgA, IroE genes in 212 Arcobacter butzleri isolated from three different environmental sites linked to the dairy chain (farms, industrial and artisanal dairy plants) located in three Italian regions (Lombardy, Emilia-Romagna and Calabria). METHODS AND RESULTS: According to the presence of these genes, different pathotypes (P-types) were determined. The main genes detected were: ciaB, mviN, tlyA, cj1349, pldA and cadF while the least common genes were: iroE, hecA, hecB and irgA...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079564/an-anesthesiologist-s-perspective-on-the-history-of-basic-airway-management-the-artisanal-anesthetic-era-1846-to-1904
#15
Adrian A Matioc
This second installment of the history of basic airway management covers the early-artisanal-years of anesthesia from 1846 to 1904. Anesthesia was invented and practiced as a supporting specialty in the context of great surgical and medical advances. The current-day anesthesia provider tends to equate the history of airway management with the history of intubation, but for the first 58 yr after the introduction of ether anesthesia, airway management was provided by basic airway techniques with or without the use of a face mask...
March 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075395/disability-weights-for-chronic-mercury-intoxication-resulting-from-gold-mining-activities-results-from-an-online-pairwise-comparisons-survey
#16
Nadine Steckling, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Julia Winkelnkemper, Florian Fischer, Bret Ericson, Alexander Krämer, Claudia Hornberg, Richard Fuller, Dietrich Plass, Stephan Bose-O'Reilly
In artisanal small-scale gold mining, mercury is used for gold-extraction, putting miners and nearby residents at risk of chronic metallic mercury vapor intoxication (CMMVI). Burden of disease (BoD) analyses allow the estimation of the public health relevance of CMMVI, but until now there have been no specific CMMVI disability weights (DWs). The objective is to derive DWs for moderate and severe CMMVI. Disease-specific and generic health state descriptions of 18 diseases were used in a pairwise comparison survey...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068902/bacterial-microbiota-of-kazakhstan-cheese-revealed-by-single-molecule-real-time-smrt-sequencing-and-its-comparison-with-belgian-kalmykian-and-italian-artisanal-cheeses
#17
Jing Li, Yi Zheng, Haiyan Xu, Xiaoxia Xi, Qiangchuan Hou, Shuzhen Feng, Laga Wuri, Yanfei Bian, Zhongjie Yu, Lai-Yu Kwok, Zhihong Sun, Tiansong Sun
BACKGROUND: In Kazakhstan, traditional artisanal cheeses have a long history and are widely consumed. The unique characteristics of local artisanal cheeses are almost completely preserved. However, their microbial communities have rarely been reported. The current study firstly generated the Single Molecule, Real-Time (SMRT) sequencing bacterial diversity profiles of 6 traditional artisanal cheese samples of Kazakhstan origin, followed by comparatively analyzed the microbiota composition between the current dataset and those from cheeses originated from Belgium, Russian Republic of Kalmykia (Kalmykia) and Italy...
January 9, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040167/genetic-diversity-safety-and-technological-characterization-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-artisanal-pico-cheese
#18
M F P Domingos-Lopes, C Stanton, P R Ross, M L E Dapkevicius, C C G Silva
A total of 114 lactic acid bacteria were isolated at one and 21 days of ripening from a traditional raw cow's milk cheese without the addition of starter culture, produced by three artisanal cheese-makers in Azores Island (Pico, Portugal). Identification to species and strain level was accomplished by16S rRNA gene and PFGE analysis. Carbohydrate utilization profiles were obtained with the relevant API kits. Isolates were evaluated according to safety and technological criteria. The most frequently observed genus identified by 16S rRNA sequencing analysis was Enterococcus, whereas API system mostly identified Lactobacillus...
May 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027706/from-bauxite-to-cooking-pots-aluminum-chemistry-and-west-african-artisanal-production
#19
Emily Lynn Osborn
The history of aluminum's transformation from a precious to a commonplace metal over the course of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries has frequently been told as a narrative about intrepid western chemists, whose discoveries made it possible for industrialized manufacturers to make the metal global. This paper questions both the singularity of that discovery and the inevitability of aluminum's global dominance as a 'modern' material of manufacture. It does so by considering the history of aluminum in West Africa and the ways in which artisans in that region domesticated the substance to an artisanal mode of production and developed quotidian chemical knowledge of it in the process...
December 2016: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003980/effect-of-incision-types-for-artisan-phakic-intraocular-lens-implantation-on-ocular-higher-order-aberrations
#20
Young Min Park, Bong Joon Choi, Jong Soo Lee
AIM: To evaluate the effect of incision types for Artisan phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) implantation on ocular higher-order aberrations (HOAs). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of the patients who had undergone Artisan PIOL implantation for the correction of myopia and followed up for at least 6mo. Patients are classified into 2 groups considering the incision type: cornea group with patients undergone clear corneal incision; sclera group with patients undergone sclera tunnel incision...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
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