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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806689/fungal-diversity-of-tomme-d-orchies-cheese-during-the-ripening-process-as-revealed-by-a-metagenomic-study
#1
Alexandre Ceugniez, Bernard Taminiau, Françoise Coucheney, Philippe Jacques, Véronique Delcenserie, Georges Daube, Djamel Drider
Tomme d'Orchies is an artisanal pressed and uncooked cheese produced and marketed in the north of France. This study aimed at showing the fungal microbiota evolution of this cheese using a metagenetic based Illumina technology targeting the ITS2 domain of 5.8S fungal rDNAs. To this end, samples were taken from the rind and the core of different cheeses, after 0, 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21days of ripening. The data underpinned the prevalence of Yarrowia lipolytica and Galactomyces geotrichum for both microbiotas. Unusual species including Clavispora lusitaniae, Kazachstania unispora and Cladosporium cladosporioides were also detected, but their origins remain to be ascertained...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800820/bacterial-diversity-of-the-colombian-fermented-milk-suero-coste%C3%A3-o-assessed-by-culturing-and-high-throughput-sequencing-and-dgge-analysis-of-16s-rrna-gene-amplicons
#2
Karina Edith Motato, Christian Milani, Marco Ventura, Francia Elena Valencia, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo, Susana Delgado
"Suero Costeño" (SC) is a traditional soured cream elaborated from raw milk in the Northern-Caribbean coast of Colombia. The natural microbiota that characterizes this popular Colombian fermented milk is unknown, although several culturing studies have previously been attempted. In this work, the microbiota associated with SC from three manufacturers in two regions, "Planeta Rica" (Córdoba) and "Caucasia" (Antioquia), was analysed by means of culturing methods in combination with high-throughput sequencing and DGGE analysis of 16S rRNA gene amplicons...
December 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789560/milk-fermented-by-lactobacillus-species-from-brazilian-artisanal-cheese-protect-germ-free-mice-against-salmonella-typhimurium-infection
#3
L B Acurcio, S H C Sandes, R W Bastos, F M Sant'anna, S H S P Pedroso, D C Reis, Á C Nunes, G D Cassali, M R Souza, J R Nicoli
Ingestion of milks fermented by Lactobacillus strains showing probiotic properties is an important tool to maintain gastrointestinal health. In this study, Lactobacillus rhamnosus D1 and Lactobacillus plantarum B7, isolated from Brazilian artisanal cheese, were used as starters for the functional fermented milks to assess their probiotic properties in a gnotobiotic animal model. Male germ-free Swiss mice received a single oral dose of milk fermented by each sample, and were challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium five days afterwards...
August 9, 2017: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777905/decompression-sickness-among-diving-fishermen-in-mexico-observational-retrospective-analysis-of-dcs-in-three-sea-cucumber-fishing-seasons
#4
Oswaldo Huchim-Lara, Walter Chin, Silvia Salas, Normando Rivera-Canul, Salvador Cordero-Romero, Juan Tec, Ellie Joo, Nina Mendez-Dominguez
The probabilities of decompression sickness (DCS) among diving fishermen are higher than in any other group of divers. Diving behavior of artisanal fishermen has been directed mainly to target high-value species. The aim of this study was to learn about the occurrence of DCS derived from sea cucumber harvesting in the Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico. We conducted a retrospective chart review of diving fishermen treated at a multiplace hyperbaric chamber in Tizimín, Mexico. In total, 233 recompression therapies were rendered to 166 diving fishermen from 2014 to 2016...
March 2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776707/reproductive-biology-of-the-tarpon-snook-centropomus-pectinatus-perciformes-centropomidae-in-estuarine-waters-in-the-south-western-atlantic
#5
M O Freitas, V Abilhoa
The reproductive biology of Centropomus pectinatus is described from an artisanal fish landings collaborative monitoring programme between May 2012 and April 2013 in estuarine waters in north-eastern Brazil. The total length (LT ) at which 50% are mature was 24 cm, corresponding to 37·7% of the maximum recorded LT . Gonado-somatic indices were variable, but highest values were in June and August 2012. Length-frequency distributions showed male dominance in smaller length classes (15-30 cm) and females in larger length classes (>30 cm)...
August 2017: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775190/prevalence-of-hiv-at-the-kokoyo-informal-gold-mining-site-what-lies-behind-the-glitter-of-gold-with-regard-to-hiv-epidemics-in-mali-a-community-based-approach-the-anrs-12339-sanu-gundo-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Luis Sagaon-Teyssier, Hubert Balique, Fodié Diallo, Nikos Kalampalikis, Marion Mora, Michel Bourrelly, Marie Suzan-Monti, Bruno Spire, Bintou Dembélé Keita
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article was to estimate HIV prevalence and the factors associated with HIV seropositivity in the population living and working at the informal artisanal small-scale gold mining (IASGM) site of Kokoyo in Mali, using data from the Sanu Gundo survey. Our main hypothesis was that HIV prevalence is higher in the context of IASGM than in the country as a whole. DESIGN: The ANRS-12339 Sanu Gundo was a cross-sectional survey conducted in December 2015...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771162/modelling-spatio-temporal-heterogeneities-in-groundwater-quality-in-ghana-a-multivariate-chemometric-approach
#7
Frederick Ato Armah, Arnold Paintsil, David Oscar Yawson, Michael Osei Adu, Justice O Odoi
Chemometric techniques were applied to evaluate the spatial and temporal heterogeneities in groundwater quality data for approximately 740 goldmining and agriculture-intensive locations in Ghana. The strongest linear and monotonic relationships occurred between Mn and Fe. Sixty-nine per cent of total variance in the dataset was explained by four variance factors: physicochemical properties, bacteriological quality, natural geologic attributes and anthropogenic factors (artisanal goldmining). There was evidence of significant differences in means of all trace metals and physicochemical parameters (p < 0...
August 2017: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766846/managing-conflicts-between-economic-activities-and-threatened-migratory-marine-species-toward-creating-a-multiobjective-blue-economy
#8
Linda R Harris, Ronel Nel, Herman Oosthuizen, Mike Meyer, Deon Kotze, Darrell Anders, Steven McCue, Santosh Bachoo
Harnessing the economic potential of the oceans is key to combating poverty, enhancing food security, and strengthening economies. But the concomitant risk of intensified resource extraction to migratory species is worrying given that these species contribute to important ecological processes, often underpin alternatively livelihoods, and many are already threatened. We thus sought to quantify the potential conflict between key economic activities (five fisheries and hydrocarbon exploitation) and sea turtle migration corridors in a region with rapid economic development: Southern and East Africa...
August 2, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763123/laying-waste-to-mercury-inexpensive-sorbents-made-from-sulfur-and-recycled-cooking-oils
#9
Max Worthington, Renata Kucera, Ines Albuquerque, Christopher Gibson, Alexander Sibley, Ashley Slattery, Jonathan Campbell, Salah Alboaiji, Katherine Muller, Jason Young, Nick Adamson, Jason Gascooke, Deshetti Jampaiah, Ylias Sabri, Suresh Bhargava, Samuel Ippolito, David Lewis, Jamie Quinton, Amanda Ellis, Alexander Johs, Gonçalo Bernardes, Justin M Chalker
Mercury pollution threatens the environment and human health across the globe. This neurotoxic substance is encountered in artisanal gold mining, coal combustion, oil and gas refining, waste incineration, chloralkalai plant operation, metallurgy, and areas of agriculture in which mercury-rich fungicides are used. Thousands of tonnes of mercury are emitted annually through these activities. With the Minamata Convention on Mercury entering force this year, increasing regulation of mercury pollution is imminent...
August 1, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762193/probiotic-features-of-lactic-acid-bacteria-isolated-from-a-diverse-pool-of-traditional-greek-dairy-products-regarding-specific-strain-host-interactions
#10
Georgia Zoumpopoulou, Alexandra Tzouvanou, Eleni Mavrogonatou, Voula Alexandraki, Marina Georgalaki, Rania Anastasiou, Marina Papadelli, Eugenia Manolopoulou, Maria Kazou, Dimitris Kletsas, Konstantinos Papadimitriou, Effie Tsakalidou
The increased consumers' interest on the positive role of food in wellbeing and health underscores the need to determine new probiotic microorganisms. Triggered by the fact that artisanal food products can be a valuable source of novel probiotic strains, 106 lactic acid bacteria, all isolated from traditional Greek dairy products, namely Feta, Kasseri, Xynotyri, Graviera, Formaela, Galotyri, and Kefalotyri cheeses as well as yogurt and milk, were studied for probiotic properties. Based on their survival at pH 2...
July 31, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749420/physicochemical-and-sensorial-characterization-of-honey-spirits
#11
Ofélia Anjos, David Frazão, Ilda Caldeira
Distilled spirits are usually made from fermented sugar-based materials, such as wines or fermented fruits, but other products can be used, namely berries or honey. In this work, an evaluation of honey spirits is done based on its physicochemical and sensory characteristics. Fourteen honey spirit samples of different brands of honey spirit were purchased at the market and from artisan Portuguese producers. Several analytical determinations, namely alcoholic strength, dry matter, density, total acidity, chromatic characteristics, methanol, acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate and higher alcohols were done to characterize all samples...
July 27, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745838/first-record-of-epizootic-ulcerative-syndrome-from-the-upper-congo-catchment-an-outbreak-in-the-bangweulu-swamps-zambia
#12
C F Huchzermeyer, K D A Huchzermeyer, K W Christison, B M Macey, P A Colly, B M Hang'ombe, M M Songe
We report on the first outbreak of epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS) amongst wild fish populations in the Bangweulu swamps, an inland delta, in the north of Zambia during 2014. The area supports a large and diverse fish fauna related to, but distinct from, that of the Zambezi River system where EUS outbreaks have occurred since 2006. A sizeable artisanal fishery, based on extensive fish weirs, is sustained by the annual flooding of the swamps, and observations of the disease outbreak by fishermen were recorded...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740286/physicochemical-melissopalynological-and-antioxidant-properties-of-artisanal-honeys-from-lebanon
#13
Katherine Jaafar, Janay Haidar, Sawsan Kuraydiyyah, Tarek Ghaddar, Khouzama Knio, Baraem Ismail, Imad Toufeili
Sixteen honeydew and 15 floral honeys from Lebanon were analyzed for pollen spectra and physicochemical parameters. A total of 37 families and 67 taxa were recorded with the honeybees producing honeydew honey exhibiting a more diverse foraging behavior than those making floral honeys. The honeydew and floral honeys exhibited differences in moisture content, pH, electrical conductivity, color, protein and Maillard reaction products. The honeydew honeys contained more total phenols, had higher antioxidant contents, and displayed higher antioxidant capacities than the floral samples in the Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity, oxygen radical absorbance capacity, inhibition of superoxide dismutase activity and protection of red blood cells against hemolysis assays...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732554/microbial-ecology-and-process-technology-of-sourdough-fermentation
#14
Luc De Vuyst, Simon Van Kerrebroeck, Frédéric Leroy
From a microbiological perspective, sourdough is to be considered as a specific and stressful ecosystem, harboring yeasts and lactic acid bacteria (LAB), that is used for the production of baked goods. With respect to the metabolic impact of the sourdough microbiota, acidification (LAB), flavor formation (LAB and yeasts), and leavening (yeasts and heterofermentative LAB species) are most noticeable. Three distinct types of sourdough fermentation processes can be discerned based on the inocula applied, namely backslopped ones (type 1), those initiated with starter cultures (type 2), and those initiated with a starter culture followed by backslopping (type 3)...
2017: Advances in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728972/numerical-characterisation-of-one-step-and-three-step-solar-air-heating-collectors-used-for-cocoa-bean-solar-drying
#15
Elder Mendoza Orbegoso, Rafael Saavedra, Daniel Marcelo, Raúl La Madrid
In the northern coastal and jungle areas of Peru, cocoa beans are dried using artisan methods, such as direct exposure to sunlight. This traditional process is time intensive, leading to a reduction in productivity and, therefore, delays in delivery times. The present study was intended to numerically characterise the thermal behaviour of three configurations of solar air heating collectors in order to determine which demonstrated the best thermal performance under several controlled operating conditions. For this purpose, a computational fluid dynamics model was developed to describe the simultaneous convective and radiative heat transfer phenomena under several operation conditions...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728795/-artifex-spondet-peritiam-artis-the-artisan-responds-to-his-art
#16
EDITORIAL
Gabriel Jaime Montoya Montoya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721171/response-to-an-unusual-outbreak-in-a-high-risk-situation
#17
Mahmood Muazu Dalhat, Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole, Patrick Mboya Nguku, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Casey Daniel Hall, Nasir Sani-Gwarzo
In 2010, a series of lead poisoning outbreaks linked to artisanal gold processing killed at least 400 young children in Zamfara State in northwestern Nigeria. There were several efforts to respond to the outbreaks as they occurred. Subsequent recurrence of lead poisoning outbreaks within Zamfara and beyond suggested that there were no efforts to mitigate the outbreaks as recommended for disaster management. This case study, to be completed within 3 hours, is suitable for senior level public health officials and those training for such positions...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710986/pulmonary-function-and-respiratory-health-of-rural-farmers-and-artisanal-and-small-scale-gold-miners-in-ghana
#18
Mozhgon Rajaee, Allison K Yee, Rachel N Long, Elisha P Renne, Thomas G Robins, Niladri Basu
The recent increase in artisanal and small scale gold mining (ASGM) worldwide has elicited a number of public health concerns for miners and mining communities, including respiratory health. The two primary inhalational exposures of concern are crystalline silica expected to be present in gold ore and smoke from biomass fuels used in cooking. Here, measurements of pulmonary function and of respiratory symptoms were performed in an ASGM community, Kejetia, and a comparison agricultural community, Gorogo, in the Upper East Region of Ghana in May-July 2011...
July 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707852/medicine-and-the-making-of-a-city-spaces-of-pharmacy-and-scholarly-medicine-in-seventeenth-century-stockholm
#19
Hjalmar Fors
This essay takes seventeenth-century Stockholm as its point of departure in discussing the many spaces to which early modern medicine belonged, in particular the court, the cityscape, the site of the pharmacy, and the city’s Collegium Medicum. It shows how scholarly medicine and pharmacy arose along with the city itself. They were a part of the city and of its many interlaced local, European, and global flows and relationships. Thus the essay offers new perspectives on medicine as part of, and a driving force behind, Stockholm’s transition from a medieval town to the capital of an early modern state, as well as the city’s integration into the early modern system of global trade...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704387/abundance-of-commercially-important-reef-fish-indicates-different-levels-of-over-exploitation-across-shelves-of-the-u-s-virgin-islands
#20
Elizabeth Kadison, Marilyn Brandt, Richard Nemeth, Justin Martens, Jeremiah Blondeau, Tyler Smith
The United States Virgin Islands are comprised of two separate insular platforms separated by the deep water Anegada Passage. Although managed by the same regulations, as one fishery, several physical and spatial differences exist between the two northern shelf islands, St. Thomas and St. John, and isolated St. Croix. Based on two long-term fisheries independent datasets, collected by the U.S. Virgin Islands Territorial Coral Reef Monitoring Program and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment, there were significant differences between the northern USVI and St...
2017: PloS One
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