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Diffuse intravascular coagulation

Hiroki Namikawa, Yasuhiko Takemoto, Ayako Makuuchi, Masanori Kobayashi, Shigeki Kinuhata, Mina Morimura, Takashi Ikebe, Hiromu Tanaka, Taichi Shuto
BACKGROUND: Most cases of disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (DCBM) arise from gastric cancer. DCBM from pancreatic cancer is very rare. We herein present a case of DCBM from pancreatic cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man was referred to our hospital for severe lumbago. Laboratory data indicated that he suffered from disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Non-contrast abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple bone masses but no other abnormal findings...
October 13, 2016: BMC Cancer
Alexandra Hudson, Laura Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Diffuse cutaneous bullous mastocytosis is the most rare subtype of cutaneous mastocytosis, characterized by generalized skin infiltration with mast cells and blistering. OBJECTIVE: To increase the awareness of the natural history and potential adverse complications of this rare cutaneous condition. METHOD AND RESULTS: We report a case of a male diagnosed on day 7 of life with follow-up of his progression over 6 years. When he was 2...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Ryan M Gill, Benjamin Buelow, Cheryl Mather, Nancy M Joseph, Venancio Alves, Elizabeth M Brunt, Ta-Chiang Liu, Hala Makhlouf, Celia Marginean, ILKe Nalbantoglu, Christine Sempoux, Dale C Snover, Swan N Thung, Matthew M Yeh, Linda D Ferrell
Characteristic but rare vascular neoplasms in the adult liver composed of small vessels with an infiltrative border were collected from an international group of collaborators over a 5-year period (N=17). These tumors were termed hepatic small vessel neoplasm (HSVN), and the histologic differential diagnosis was angiosarcoma (AS). The average age of patients was 54years (range, 24-83years). HSVN was more common in men. The average size was 2.1cm (range, 0.2-5.5cm). Diagnosis was aided by immunohistochemical stains for vascular lineage (CD31, CD34, FLI-1), which were uniformly positive in HSVN...
August 2016: Human Pathology
Daniel Pinggera, Johannes Kerschbaumer, Nicole Innerhofer, Adelheid Woehrer, Christian Franz Freyschlag, Claudius Thomé
BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) describes a pathologic activation of coagulation mechanisms, leading to thrombi in various organs with contribution to multiple organ failure. In clinical practice, diagnosis of DIC can often be made by laboratory values, including prolonged coagulation times, thrombocytopenia, or high levels of fibrin degradation products. DIC is frequently observed after neurotrauma, but rarely occurs in patients with primary brain tumors. There are only few case reports of DIC in patients with primary brain tumors, all sharing the highly elevated mortality...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
Satoru Senoo, Tomohiko Mannami, Tomoki Tamura, Nobukiyo Fujiwara, Genyo Ikeda, Minori Komoda, Yasuyuki Ohtawa, Yoshimi Fujimoto, Naohiro Sato, Takeshi Kambara, Toshihiko Waku, Masaichi Kenmotsu, Etsuko Kurimoto, Toshiaki Okada, Shingo Harita, Hiroshi Sonobe
Trastuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), has been proven to result in a survival benefit for the treatment of patients with HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer (AGC). However, data are lacking for the treatment of those with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and diffuse bone marrow carcinomatosis. A 77-year-old woman presented with back pain and fatigue since 2 months. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a scirrhous lesion in the gastric corpus, which was biopsied and identified as signet-ring cell carcinoma with HER2 overexpression on immunohistochemistry...
December 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Marie Frimat, Melanie Decambron, Celine Lebas, Anissa Moktefi, Laurent Lemaitre, Viviane Gnemmi, Benedicte Sautenet, François Glowacki, Damien Subtil, Mercedes Jourdain, Agnes Rigouzzo, Isabelle Brocheriou, Jean-Michel Halimi, Eric Rondeau, Christian Noel, François Provôt, Alexandre Hertig
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related renal cortical necrosis may lead to end-stage renal disease. Although this obstetric complication had virtually disappeared in high-income countries, we have noted new cases in France over the past few years, all following postpartum hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively identified 18 patients from 5 French nephrology departments who developed renal cortical necrosis following postpartum hemorrhage in 2009 to 2013...
July 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Minna Voigtlaender, Katharina Holstein, Sven Leuenroth, Jonas Mudter, Carsten Bokemeyer, Florian Langer
BACKGROUND: Tissue factor (TF), the principal initiator of the extrinsic coagulation pathway, is expressed by many tumors and can be released into the bloodstream on plasma microparticles (MPs). Experimental studies indicate that TF may facilitate hematogenous metastasis by promoting tumor cell-induced microvascular thrombosis, but clinical data supporting this hypothesis is sparse. CASE REPORTS: Here, we report 2 unusual cases of rapidly progressive solid malignancies (gastric and urothelial carcinoma)...
2015: Oncology Research and Treatment
Lisheng Qiu, Xiafeng Yu, Jinfen Liu, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To review the experience of left ventricular assistance device (LVAD) using for anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) in perioperative period. METHODS: There were 29 patients with ALCAPA underwent surgical repair from May 2006 to May 2013. The mean age was 6.5 months (ranging from 3.3 to 12.1 months). The mean weight was 6.2 kg (ranging from 4.1 to 9.5 kg). Diagnosis was established by echocardiography in all patients...
June 1, 2015: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Prashanth M Thalanayar, Fernando Holguin
Legionella pneumophila is the most common cause of legionellosis and is one of the organisms causing atypical pneumonia. We report the presentation of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and skin rash in a single case of severe Legionella pneumonia. The unique clinical presentation of a diffuse rash diagnosed as purpura fulminans and the unpredictable variations encountered during the diagnostic work-up of the case make this write-up crucial. This article synthesizes all reported cases of L. pneumonia associated with cutaneous manifestations as well as cases presenting with DIC...
2015: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Eri Kawata, Reiko Isa, Junko Yamaguchi, Kazuna Tanba, Yasuhiko Tsutsumi, Yoshinari Nagakane, Hitoji Uchiyama, Teruaki Akaogi, Yutaka Kobayashi, Nobuhiko Uoshima
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of central pontine myelinolysis is an overly rapid correction of hyponatremia, although it can also occur in patients with any condition leading to nutritional or electrolyte stress. We report a case of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with central pontine myelinolysis developing at the onset of disease. To the best of our knowledge, hematological malignancies presenting with central pontine myelinolysis have been rarely reported, especially in previously untreated patients, as in our case report...
2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Vania Phuoc, Axel Grothey
Metastatic extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare cancer with no validated systemic treatment. Regimens including FECOM 5-fluorouracil (5-FU, epirubicin, carboplatin, vincristine and mitomycin C), 5-FU/cisplatin and single agent docetaxel exhibited varying levels of efficacy in case reports. A 58-year-old man with EMPD diffusely metastatic to bone presented with worsening shortness of breath, significant pancytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). He was started on low-dose heparin for the DIC and weekly paclitaxel...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
Vijaya Raj Bhatt, R Gregory Bociek, Ji Yuan, Kai Fu, Timothy C Greiner, Bhavana J Dave, Sandeep K Rajan, James O Armitage
Essential thrombocythemia is well-known to transform to other myeloid disorders, such as leukemia; however, the risk for development of lymphoma is not as well studied. This case report discusses a 76-year-old man with a history of prefibrotic post-essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis on ruxolitinib, who developed anemia, thrombocytopenia, and leukocytosis with peripheral blasts. Results of a bone marrow biopsy and PET and CT scans revealed stage IV leukemic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Several days after cessation of ruxolitinib, the patient developed fevers, hypotension, and low-grade disseminated intravascular coagulation, and subsequently developed spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome, which resulted in death...
March 2015: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Kim Vaiphei, Amita Trehan, Man Updesh Singh Sachdeva, Pankaj Malhotra
A 14-year-old child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who had completed induction chemotherapy presented with fever and diffuse musculoskeletal pains which was thought to be a constellation of myositis, arthralgias and arthritis. Investigations revealed initially showed normal peripheral blood counts but had pancytopenia and pre-terminally blasts were seen in the peripheral blood smear. He had bone marrow necrosis. Disseminated intravascular coagulation was suspected with a positive fungal serology. At autopsy, he had evidence of disease relapsed in lymph nodes, liver, spleen, testes and kidneys...
January 2015: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Yoshiko Nakano, Hiroyuki Fujisaki, Tomoya Ishiguro, Takao Manabe, Takeshi Inoue, Young-Dong Park, Tetsuro Nakamura, Junichi Hara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Jeff Simmons, Jean-Francois Pittet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sepsis, defined by the presence of infection and host inflammation, is a lethal clinical syndrome with an increasing mortality rate worldwide. In severe disease, the coagulation system becomes diffusely activated, with consumption of multiple clotting factors resulting in disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). When present, DIC portends a higher mortality rate. Understanding the mechanisms that tie inflammation and diffuse thrombosis will allow therapeutic interventions to be developed...
April 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Behfar Eivazi, Jochen A Werner
The field of extracranial vascular anomalies is considered as special focus of pediatric otolaryngology and it has shown a rapid development during the last years. The reason for this interest is finally also due to the global acceptance of the classification introduced by the ISSVA (International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies). Hemangiomas are the most frequently observed vascular tumors. Today the systemic propranolol therapy is mostly used for therapy of hemangiomas requiring treatment. Increasingly, the topical application of beta blocker is discussed while the benefit in the head and neck seems to be limited...
2014: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
Marianna Strakhan, Mariana Hurtado-Sbordoni, Nahun Galeas, Kamila Bakirhan, Karenza Alexis, Tarek Elrafei
Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome (CAPS) is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition characterized by diffuse vascular thrombosis, leading to multiple organ failure developing over a short period of time in the presence of positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). CAPS is a severe form of antiphospholipid syndrome, developing in about 1% of cases of classic antiphospholipid syndrome, manifesting as microangiopathy, affecting small vessels of multiple organs. It is acute in onset, with majority of cases developing thrombocytopenia and less frequently hemolytic anemia and disseminated intravascular coagulation...
2014: Case Reports in Hematology
Rohit Godbole, Abhijeet Ghatol, Jamie Betancourt, Nader Kamangar
Pulmonary Vascular Disease Student/Resident Case Report Posters ISESSION TYPE: Medical Student/Resident Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM) is a clinicopathologic entity with pulmonary tumor emboli and fibrocellular intimal proliferation that leads to acute pulmonary hypertension and sudden cardiovascular collapse in individuals with adenocarcinoma, usually of gastric origin. We report a case of PTTM diagnosed postmortem in a young Hispanic male with gastric carcinoma...
October 1, 2014: Chest
David C Weir, Jennifer Y Fung, Sidney S Braman
A 56-year-old man presented to the ED of an outside hospital with 2 days of bleeding gums and easy bruising. He denied episodes of melena, hematemesis, or hematuria and had no epistaxis. Routine blood work showed pancytopenia and evidence of diffuse intravascular coagulation. A bone marrow biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia. He was transferred to our hospital for treatment.
September 2014: Chest
Courtney D DiNardo, Guilin Tang, Naveen Pemmaraju, Sa A Wang, Allison Pike, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Jorge Cortes, Carlos Bueso-Ramos, Hagop M Kantarjian
INTRODUCTION: Acute myeloid leukemias with MLL rearrangements are frequently associated with myelomonocytic and monoblastic/monocytic morphology, with an increased risk of leukocytosis and leukostasis-related complications. Yet, little is known regarding the clinical presentation of adult AML patients with MLL translocations based on the specific translocation partner. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two recent AML cases with t(10;11)(p12;q23) translocations are detailed, with their shared presenting symptoms highlighted, followed by a review of the current literature...
January 2015: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
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