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Diffuse intravascular coagulation

Hiroshi Takeyama, Tsutomu Sakiyama, Tomoko Wakasa, Kotaro Kitani, Keisuke Inoue, Hiroaki Kato, Shinya Ueda, Masanori Tsujie, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
Disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (DCBM) is a condition in which bone marrow (BM) metastases diffusely invade the BM, and is frequently accompanied by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). While prostate, lung, breast and stomach malignancies, in addition to neuroblastoma, are the most prevalent non-hematological malignancies to metastasize frequently to the BM, colorectal cancer is a malignancy that rarely metastasizes to the BM. The present case describes a 65-year-old male patient treated by resection and one course adjuvant chemotherapy for stage IIIC rectal cancer who presented with nasal bleeding at 8 months post-surgery...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
L C van der Wekken, R J L F Loffeld
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a syndrome characterised by simultaneous bleeding and thromboembolic formation. Its acute form is associated with severe bacterial infections and hematological malignancies. It has a fulminant presentation with prolonged bleeding times and diffuse thrombosis. On the other hand, chronic DIC can be asymptomatic for long periods of time and can be seen in patients with disseminated malignancies. This case report describes a patient who developed DIC within one week and bled profusely from venipuncture wounds...
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
Vivek Kumar, Parita Soni, Vishangi Dave, Jonathan Harris
A 67-year-old man presented with a 3-day history of abdominal pain, fever, and significant weight loss over 2 months. Physical examination revealed left upper quadrant tenderness, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, and bilateral pitting edema but peripheral lymphadenopathy was absent. Laboratory tests showed anemia, thrombocytopenia, elevated prothrombin time (PT), partial thromboplastin time (PTT), and increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). PTT was corrected completely in mixing study. Further workup for the cause of coagulopathy revealed decreased levels of all clotting factors except factor VIII and increase fibrinogen levels, which ruled out disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Masahiko Kaneko, Masaki Maruta, Hisaharu Shikata, Kengo Asou, Hiroto Shinomiya, Tadaki Suzuki, Hideki Hasegawa, Masayuki Shimojima, Masayuki Saijo
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome is an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel phlebovirus belonging to the family Bunyaviridate. Emergence of encephalitis/encephalopathy during severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome progression has been identified as a major risk factor associated with a poor prognosis. Here we report the case of a severely ill patient with severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus-associated encephalitis/encephalopathy characterized by a lesion of the splenium, which resolved later...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
Hung-Yi Wu, Shu-Shya Hseu, Shih-Pin Chen, Jiing-Feng Lirng, Yen-Feng Wang, Shuu-Jiun Wang, Jong-Ling Fuh
PURPOSE: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a rare type of headache. The association of SIH with malignancy and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) has not previously been reported. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old woman had orthostatic headache for more than one month before admission. MRI of brain showed diffuse pachymeningeal enhancement with bilateral subdural hematoma. MR myelography revealed epidural fluid collection and possible CSF leakage at the level of C5 to C6...
September 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
Benjamin Jarrett, Sehem Ghazala, Joseph Chao, Sachin Chaudhary
The mortality rate for Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is estimated to be ∼12% and for toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) it is around 30%. It continues to be a severe life-threatening drug reaction. We present a 60-year-old Caucasian man with a medical history significant for breast cancer status post mastectomy and chemotherapy with docetaxel and cyclophosphamide who presented with severe mucositis and a progressing skin rash consistent with SJS. He was started on high-dose corticosteroids and IVIG but continued to have worsening mucosal ulcerations and severe bleeding from the oral, conjunctival and genital mucosa...
November 15, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Sehem Ghazala, Jawad Bilal, Irbaz Bin Riaz
An old man was found unconscious; on admission found to have disseminated intravascular coagulation with concern of upper gastrointestinal bleed after he was found to have melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy on admission showed diffuse thickened gastric folds, and biopsy showed mucosal oedema. Bone marrow biopsy concerning for lymphoma was obtained showed adenocarcinoma. MRI of the abdomen was significant for diffuse gastric wall thickening. A repeat endoscopic ultrasound showed a diffuse gastric wall thickening of 15 mm and submucosal tunneling technique biopsy suggested high-grade, invasive, signet ring adenocarcinoma of the stomach...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Hiroki Namikawa, Yasuhiko Takemoto, Ayako Makuuchi, Masanori Kobayashi, Shigeki Kinuhata, Mina Morimura, Takashi Ikebe, Hiromu Tanaka, Taichi Shuto
BACKGROUND: Most cases of disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (DCBM) arise from gastric cancer. DCBM from pancreatic cancer is very rare. We herein present a case of DCBM from pancreatic cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old man was referred to our hospital for severe lumbago. Laboratory data indicated that he suffered from disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Non-contrast abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple bone masses but no other abnormal findings...
October 13, 2016: BMC Cancer
Alexandra Hudson, Laura Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Diffuse cutaneous bullous mastocytosis is the most rare subtype of cutaneous mastocytosis, characterized by generalized skin infiltration with mast cells and blistering. OBJECTIVE: To increase the awareness of the natural history and potential adverse complications of this rare cutaneous condition. METHOD AND RESULTS: We report a case of a male diagnosed on day 7 of life with follow-up of his progression over 6 years. When he was 2...
November 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Ryan M Gill, Benjamin Buelow, Cheryl Mather, Nancy M Joseph, Venancio Alves, Elizabeth M Brunt, Ta-Chiang Liu, Hala Makhlouf, Celia Marginean, ILKe Nalbantoglu, Christine Sempoux, Dale C Snover, Swan N Thung, Matthew M Yeh, Linda D Ferrell
Characteristic but rare vascular neoplasms in the adult liver composed of small vessels with an infiltrative border were collected from an international group of collaborators over a 5-year period (N=17). These tumors were termed hepatic small vessel neoplasm (HSVN), and the histologic differential diagnosis was angiosarcoma (AS). The average age of patients was 54years (range, 24-83years). HSVN was more common in men. The average size was 2.1cm (range, 0.2-5.5cm). Diagnosis was aided by immunohistochemical stains for vascular lineage (CD31, CD34, FLI-1), which were uniformly positive in HSVN...
August 2016: Human Pathology
Daniel Pinggera, Johannes Kerschbaumer, Nicole Innerhofer, Adelheid Woehrer, Christian Franz Freyschlag, Claudius Thomé
BACKGROUND: Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) describes a pathologic activation of coagulation mechanisms, leading to thrombi in various organs with contribution to multiple organ failure. In clinical practice, diagnosis of DIC can often be made by laboratory values, including prolonged coagulation times, thrombocytopenia, or high levels of fibrin degradation products. DIC is frequently observed after neurotrauma, but rarely occurs in patients with primary brain tumors. There are only few case reports of DIC in patients with primary brain tumors, all sharing the highly elevated mortality...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
Satoru Senoo, Tomohiko Mannami, Tomoki Tamura, Nobukiyo Fujiwara, Genyo Ikeda, Minori Komoda, Yasuyuki Ohtawa, Yoshimi Fujimoto, Naohiro Sato, Takeshi Kambara, Toshihiko Waku, Masaichi Kenmotsu, Etsuko Kurimoto, Toshiaki Okada, Shingo Harita, Hiroshi Sonobe
Trastuzumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), has been proven to result in a survival benefit for the treatment of patients with HER2-positive advanced gastric cancer (AGC). However, data are lacking for the treatment of those with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and diffuse bone marrow carcinomatosis. A 77-year-old woman presented with back pain and fatigue since 2 months. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed a scirrhous lesion in the gastric corpus, which was biopsied and identified as signet-ring cell carcinoma with HER2 overexpression on immunohistochemistry...
December 2015: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Marie Frimat, Melanie Decambron, Celine Lebas, Anissa Moktefi, Laurent Lemaitre, Viviane Gnemmi, Benedicte Sautenet, François Glowacki, Damien Subtil, Mercedes Jourdain, Agnes Rigouzzo, Isabelle Brocheriou, Jean-Michel Halimi, Eric Rondeau, Christian Noel, François Provôt, Alexandre Hertig
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related renal cortical necrosis may lead to end-stage renal disease. Although this obstetric complication had virtually disappeared in high-income countries, we have noted new cases in France over the past few years, all following postpartum hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively identified 18 patients from 5 French nephrology departments who developed renal cortical necrosis following postpartum hemorrhage in 2009 to 2013...
July 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Minna Voigtlaender, Katharina Holstein, Sven Leuenroth, Jonas Mudter, Carsten Bokemeyer, Florian Langer
BACKGROUND: Tissue factor (TF), the principal initiator of the extrinsic coagulation pathway, is expressed by many tumors and can be released into the bloodstream on plasma microparticles (MPs). Experimental studies indicate that TF may facilitate hematogenous metastasis by promoting tumor cell-induced microvascular thrombosis, but clinical data supporting this hypothesis is sparse. CASE REPORTS: Here, we report 2 unusual cases of rapidly progressive solid malignancies (gastric and urothelial carcinoma)...
2015: Oncology Research and Treatment
Lisheng Qiu, Xiafeng Yu, Jinfen Liu, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To review the experience of left ventricular assistance device (LVAD) using for anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) in perioperative period. METHODS: There were 29 patients with ALCAPA underwent surgical repair from May 2006 to May 2013. The mean age was 6.5 months (ranging from 3.3 to 12.1 months). The mean weight was 6.2 kg (ranging from 4.1 to 9.5 kg). Diagnosis was established by echocardiography in all patients...
June 1, 2015: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Prashanth M Thalanayar, Fernando Holguin
Legionella pneumophila is the most common cause of legionellosis and is one of the organisms causing atypical pneumonia. We report the presentation of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and skin rash in a single case of severe Legionella pneumonia. The unique clinical presentation of a diffuse rash diagnosed as purpura fulminans and the unpredictable variations encountered during the diagnostic work-up of the case make this write-up crucial. This article synthesizes all reported cases of L. pneumonia associated with cutaneous manifestations as well as cases presenting with DIC...
2015: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Eri Kawata, Reiko Isa, Junko Yamaguchi, Kazuna Tanba, Yasuhiko Tsutsumi, Yoshinari Nagakane, Hitoji Uchiyama, Teruaki Akaogi, Yutaka Kobayashi, Nobuhiko Uoshima
INTRODUCTION: The most common cause of central pontine myelinolysis is an overly rapid correction of hyponatremia, although it can also occur in patients with any condition leading to nutritional or electrolyte stress. We report a case of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with central pontine myelinolysis developing at the onset of disease. To the best of our knowledge, hematological malignancies presenting with central pontine myelinolysis have been rarely reported, especially in previously untreated patients, as in our case report...
June 5, 2015: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Vania Phuoc, Axel Grothey
Metastatic extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare cancer with no validated systemic treatment. Regimens including FECOM 5-fluorouracil (5-FU, epirubicin, carboplatin, vincristine and mitomycin C), 5-FU/cisplatin and single agent docetaxel exhibited varying levels of efficacy in case reports. A 58-year-old man with EMPD diffusely metastatic to bone presented with worsening shortness of breath, significant pancytopenia and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). He was started on low-dose heparin for the DIC and weekly paclitaxel...
April 22, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Vijaya Raj Bhatt, R Gregory Bociek, Ji Yuan, Kai Fu, Timothy C Greiner, Bhavana J Dave, Sandeep K Rajan, James O Armitage
Essential thrombocythemia is well-known to transform to other myeloid disorders, such as leukemia; however, the risk for development of lymphoma is not as well studied. This case report discusses a 76-year-old man with a history of prefibrotic post-essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis on ruxolitinib, who developed anemia, thrombocytopenia, and leukocytosis with peripheral blasts. Results of a bone marrow biopsy and PET and CT scans revealed stage IV leukemic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Several days after cessation of ruxolitinib, the patient developed fevers, hypotension, and low-grade disseminated intravascular coagulation, and subsequently developed spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome, which resulted in death...
March 2015: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
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