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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453927/effect-of-prenatal-recommendations-of-traditional-persian-medicine-on-obstetric-outcomes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Mansoor Keshavarz, Maryam Kashanian, Soodabeh Bioos, Yasaman Vazani
wufjhjdkf Background Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) is an ancient medical system that provides suggestions to improve the health of mothers and children during pregnancy and labor. Persian physicians believed that these instructions made labor easier, safer, and less painful. Methods The present randomized clinical trial was conducted among women at 33-38 weeks of pregnancy in Tehran, Iran. TPM instructions consisted of diet, bathing, and application of oil from the 38th week of pregnancy to the onset of labor...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453924/the-world-health-organization-who-versus-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-group-iadpsg-diagnostic-criteria-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-and-their-associated-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes
#2
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453792/impact-of-tsh-during-the-first-trimester-of-pregnancy-on-obstetric-and-fetal-complications-usefulness-of-2-5-miu-l-cut-off-value
#3
Marta Hernández, Carolina López, Berta Soldevila, Laura Cecenarro, María Martínez-Barahona, Elisabet Palomera, Ferran Rius, Albert Lecube, Maria José Pelegay, Jordi García, Dídac Mauricio, Manel Puig Domingo
OBJECTIVE: An association of pregnancy outcomes with subclinical hypothyroidism has been reported, however there still exists a strong controversy regarding whether subclinical hypothyroidism ought to be dealt with or not. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association of fetal-maternal complications with first trimester maternal TSH values. DESIGN: A retrospective study in a single tertiary care hospital was performed. PATIENTS: 1981 pregnant women were studied during 2012...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453137/scientific-evidence-on-perineal-trauma-during-labor-integrative-review
#4
REVIEW
Flaviana Vieira, Janaina V Guimarães, Marcia C S Souza, Poliana M L Sousa, Rafaela F Santos, Agueda M R Z Cavalcante
OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence for management and preservation of perineal integrity during the expulsive stage of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Integrative review that employed the Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome strategy to formulate the research question: Which perineal measure(s) is(are) effective in maintaining perineal integrity during labor? The search was performed in the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, BDENF and SciELO. The ten selected studies were analyzed based on their level of evidence and grade of recommendation...
February 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453023/implications-of-altered-maternal-cytokine-concentrations-on-infant-outcomes-in-children-with-prenatal-alcohol-exposure
#5
K D Sowell, J Y Uriu-Adams, J Van de Water, C D Chambers, C D Coles, J A Kable, L Yevtushok, N Zymak-Zakutnya, W Wertelecki, C L Keen
Excessive alcohol consumption has been shown to increase serum plasma levels of numerous immune cytokines. Maternal immune activation and elevated cytokines have been implicated in certain neurological disorders (e.g., autism and schizophrenia) in the offspring. We investigated the hypothesis that elevated cytokines during pregnancy are a risk factor in women who gave birth to a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) or a child with neurobehavioral impairment, regardless of prenatal alcohol exposure...
August 12, 2017: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452915/effect-of-male-body-mass-index-on-assisted-reproduction-treatment-outcome-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Rabia Mushtaq, Jyotsna Pundir, Chiara Achilli, Osama Naji, Yacoub Khalaf, Tarek El-Toukhy
Men with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or over are more likely to have reduced fertility and fecundity rates. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the effect of male BMI on IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) outcome. An electronic search for published literature was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE between 1966 and November 2016. Outcome measures were clinical pregnancy rates (CPR) and live birth rates (LBR) per IVF or ICSI cycle. Eleven studies were identified, including 14,372 cycles; nine reported CPR and seven reported LBR...
February 2, 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452778/reproductive-history-and-physical-functioning-in-midlife-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#7
Emily W Harville, Wei Chen, Jack Guralnik, Lydia A Bazzano
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between reproductive history, pregnancy complications, and later physical function. STUDY DESIGN: The Bogalusa Heart Study is a long-running study of cardiovascular health in a semirural community. 761 women were interviewed about their pregnancy history and complications, and underwent tests of physical function. Logistic models for dichotomous outcomes and linear models for continuous outcomes were used, adjusted for covariates...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452372/impact-of-timing-of-influenza-vaccination-in-pregnancy-on-transplacental-antibody-transfer-influenza-incidence-and-birth-outcomes-a-randomized-trial-in-rural-nepal
#8
Joanne Katz, Janet A Englund, Mark C Steinhoff, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Jane Kuypers, Luke C Mullany, Helen Y Chu, Steven C LeClerq, Naoko Kozuki, James M Tielsch
Background: Maternal influenza vaccination protects mothers and their infants in low resource settings but little is known about whether the protection varies by gestational age at vaccination. Methods: Women of childbearing age in rural southern Nepal were surveilled for pregnancy, consented and randomized to receive maternal influenza vaccination or placebo, with randomization stratified on gestational age (17-25 or 26-34 weeks). Enrollment occurred in two annual cohorts and vaccinations occurred from April 2011 through September 2013...
February 14, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452361/iui-review-and-systematic-assessment-of-the-evidence-that-supports-global-recommendations
#9
Ben Cohlen, Aartjan Bijkerk, Sheryl Van der Poel, Willem Ombelet
BACKGROUND: IUI with or without ovarian stimulation (OS) has become a first-line treatment option for many infertile couples, worldwide. The appropriate treatment modality for couples and their clinical management through IUI or IUI/OS cycles must consider maternal and perinatal outcomes, most notably the clinical complication of higher-order multiple pregnancies associated with IUI-OS. With a current global emphasis to continue to decrease maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity, the World Health Organization (WHO) had established a multi-year project to review the evidence for the establishment of normative guidance for the implementation of IUI as a treatment to address fertility problems, and to consider its cost-effectiveness for lower resource settings...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452336/invited-commentary-male-reproductive-system-congenital-malformations-and-the-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Laura A Schieve, Stuart K Shapira
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a prevalent developmental disorder. Studies indicate that while ASD etiology has a genetic component, the risk is polygenic, with gene-environment interactions being likely. The prenatal period is a critical exposure window for nongenetic risk factors. Previous studies have found positive associations between congenital malformations (all types) and ASD; a few also found specific associations between genitourinary system malformations and ASD; and one study found an association between hypospadias and ASD...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452330/atypical-teratoid-rhabdoid-tumor-after-in-vitro-fertilization-illustrative-case-report-and-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Adomas Bunevicius, Algimantas Matukevicius, Vytenis Deltuva, Inga Gudinaviciene, Darius Pranys, Arimantas Tamsauskas
OBJECTIVE: In vitro fertilization (IVF) is increasingly used for treatment of infertile couples worldwide. The association between IVF and cancer risk in offsprings is conflicting. We present a case of atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) in a girl conceived by IVF and present results of systematic review of literature of primary intracranial neoplasms diagnosed in children conceived by IVF. METHODS: A systematic review of literature was conducted on April 12, 2017 to identify previously published reports of intracranial brain tumors in patients conceived after IVF...
February 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451861/induction-of-labor-in-twin-gestation-can-we-predict-success
#12
Armin S Razavi, Stephen T Chasen, Fiona Chambers, Robin B Kalish
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with a successful induction of labor in twin pregnancies and associated maternal morbidity. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of twin pregnancies ≥24 weeks' gestation undergoing labor induction from 2011 to 2016. The primary outcome was a successful induction of labor. The secondary outcome was a composite of maternal morbidity, including ≥1 of the following: estimated blood loss (EBL) >1500 ml, blood transfusion, hysterectomy, intensive care unit (ICU) admission or maternal death...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451409/temporal-trends-in-incidence-and-outcome-of-hydatidiform-mole-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Urika Joneborg, Yasin Folkvaljon, Nikos Papadogiannakis, Mats Lambe, Lena Marions
BACKGROUND: Reported incidence rates of hydatidiform mole (HM) show wide geographic and temporal variations, making reliable international comparisons difficult. The aim of the current study was to examine temporal trends in the incidence of HM and post-molar gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) in Stockholm County. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of all women with a diagnosis of HM in Stockholm County 1991-2010 was collected. The incidence of HM was assessed both in relation to number of births and viable conceptions (births and pregnancy terminations)...
February 16, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451152/different-effects-of-pravastatin-on-preeclampsia-like-symptoms-in-different-mouse-models
#14
Jing Huai, Zi Yang, Yan-Hong Yi, Guang-Jiao Wang
Background: Pravastatin (Pra) exerts protective effects on preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is a multifactorial and pathogenic pathway syndrome. The present study compared the effects of Pra on clinical manifestations of preeclampsia in different pathogenic pathways. Methods: Two different preeclampsia-like mouse models used in this study were generated with Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and used lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from day 7 of gestation, respectively...
February 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450965/risk-of-early-onset-breast-cancer-among-women-exposed-to-thoracic-computed-tomography-in-pregnancy-or-early-postpartum
#15
Kirsteen R Burton, Alison L Park, Michael Fralick, Joel G Ray
BACKGROUND: The risk of breast cancer may be higher with direct exposure to ionizing radiation from thoracic computed tomography (CT) during pregnancy or postpartum. We evaluated the short-term risk of maternal breast cancer after exposure to thoracic CT during these periods. METHODS: We completed a retrospective population-based cohort study of all deliveries between 1995-2014 using universal health care databases in the province of Ontario, Canada. The main exposure was thoracic CT in pregnancy or ≤ 42 days postpartum...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450662/preconception-counseling-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-diabetes-a-literature-review-of-the-past-10-years
#16
REVIEW
Frances Peterson-Burch, Hiba Abujaradeh, Nicole Charache, Andrea Fischl, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut)...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450525/association-of-the-affordable-care-act-dependent-coverage-provision-with-prenatal-care-use-and-birth-outcomes
#17
Jamie R Daw, Benjamin D Sommers
Importance: The effect of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) dependent coverage provision on pregnancy-related health care and health outcomes is unknown. Objective: To determine whether the dependent coverage provision was associated with changes in payment for birth, prenatal care, and birth outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study, using a differences-in-differences analysis of individual-level birth certificate data comparing live births among US women aged 24 to 25 years (exposure group) and women aged 27 to 28 years (control group) before (2009) and after (2011-2013) enactment of the dependent coverage provision...
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449706/pre-pregnancy-endothelial-dysfunction-and-birth-outcomes-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#18
Abbi D Lane-Cordova, Erica P Gunderson, Mercedes R Carnethon, Janet M Catov, Alex P Reiner, Cora E Lewis, Annie M Dude, Philip Greenland, David R Jacobs
Endothelial dysfunction is a form of subclinical cardiovascular disease that may be involved in preterm birth and small-for-gestational-age deliveries. However, concentrations of biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction before pregnancy have rarely been measured. We hypothesized that higher levels of biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction (cellular adhesion molecules and selectins) would be associated with odds of preterm birth and/or small-for-gestational-age deliveries. We included 235 women from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study who were nulliparous at Y7, reported ≥1 live birth through Y25, and had ≥1 biomarker measured at Y7...
February 15, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448847/effect-of-early-cumulus-cells-removal-and-early-rescue-icsi-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-high-risk-patients-of-fertilization-failure
#19
Yuxia He, Haiying Liu, Haiyan Zheng, Li Li, Xin Fu, Jianqiao Liu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate clinical outcomes of early cumulus cells removal and early rescue intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in high-risk patients of fertilization failure during human in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: A total of 5,518 patients were enrolled between January 2014 to December 2016. Of which 505 couples performed short insemination with >30% fertilization rate were included in short-term IVF group, 102 patients detected total fertilization failure (TFF) were treated with early rescue ICSI (R-ICSI group), and 4911 couples underwent conventional IVF with overnight co-incubation of gametes (traditional IVF group)...
February 15, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448014/intrauterine-inflammation-reduces-postnatal-neurogenesis-in-the-hippocampal-subgranular-zone-and-leads-to-accumulation-of-hilar-ectopic-granule-cells
#20
Michael S Hester, Natalia Tulina, Amy Brown, Guillermo Barila, Michal A Elovitz
Prenatal inflammation is associated with poor neurobehavioral outcomes in exposed offspring. A common route of exposure for the fetus is intrauterine infection, which is often associated with preterm birth. Hippocampal development may be particularly vulnerable to an inflammatory insult during pregnancy as this region remains highly neurogenic both prenatally and postnatally. These studies sought to determine if intrauterine inflammation specifically altered hippocampal neurogenesis and migration of newly produced granule neurons during the early postnatal period...
February 12, 2018: Brain Research
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