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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909515/influence-of-biliopancreatic-diversion-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-comparison-to-other-bariatric-surgery-procedures
#1
S De Carolis, A Botta, Gelsomina Del Sordo, R Guerrisi, S Salvi, M P De Carolis, A Iaconelli, P Giustacchini, M Raffaelli, A Lanzone
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy after bariatric surgery (BS) has an increased risk for small-for-gestational-age infants (SGA), shorter length of gestation, and probably perinatal mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate if biliopancreatic diversion could impair pregnancy outcomes in comparison to other bariatric surgery procedures. METHODS: We conducted a cohort retrospective single-center study in 65 women before and after BS. Thirty-one pregnancies occurred before BS, while 109 after BS, amongst which n = 51 after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) and n = 58 after non-malabsorptive procedures...
June 16, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909269/can-uterocervical-angles-successfully-predict-induction-of-labor-in-nulliparous-women
#2
Emrah Dagdeviren, Berna Aslan Çetin, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Nadiye Koroglu, Elif Goknur Topcu, Mehmet Aytac Yuksel
PURPOSE: Induction of labor is a common practice in obstetrics. In recent years, a newer ultrasonographic parameter called the uterocervical angle (UCA) has been identified as a predictive tool for births. Our purpose is to investigate the role of UCA in predicting successful induction of labor. METHODS: The nulliparous term pregnancies (n:150) were grouped into successful/failed inductions of labor based on their progress into the active phase of labor after the administration of prostaglandin E2 (dinoprostone)...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909268/the-relationship-between-intrapartum-cerebroplacental-ratio-and-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-term-fetuses
#3
Natthicha Chainarong, Chusana Petpichetchian
OBJECTIVES: The cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) Doppler has been proposed as an instrument for predicting adverse perinatal outcomes particularly during antepartum period. Abnormal CPR is associated with non-reassuring fetal status requiring operative delivery, low Apgar score and neonatal complications. The aim of this study was to assess the role of CPR Doppler in the labor triage suite, so as to identify fetuses at risk for non-reassuring status as well as other adverse perinatal outcomes...
June 11, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909266/perinatal-mortality-or-severe-neonatal-encephalopathy-among-normally-formed-singleton-pregnancies-according-to-obstetric-risk-status-is-low-risk-the-new-high-risk-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Niamh M Joyce, Elizabeth Tully, Colin Kirkham, Patrick Dicker, Fionnuala M Breathnach
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the capacity of the current system of obstetric risk stratification at the outset of pregnancy to predict severe adverse perinatal outcome. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies over a five year period (2009-2013) was performed at the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. High-risk or low-risk status was assigned retrospectively to a large consecutive cohort of women with a normally-formed singleton pregnancy on the basis of factors analyzed at the first prenatal hospital visit...
June 5, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909089/safety-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-benign-diseases-during-pregnancy-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Daisuke Shigemi, Shotaro Aso, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare fetal, maternal, and operative outcomes of laparoscopic surgery versus laparotomy for major benign diseases including appendicitis, cholecystitis, adnexal masses, and uterine myoma during pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: The Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, a national inpatient database for acute-care inpatients in Japan. PATIENTS: 6,018 eligible patients underwent abdominal surgery (4,047 laparotomy and 1,971 laparoscopy patients) from July 2010 through March 2016...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908809/short-communication-effect-of-adding-a-second-prostaglandin-f-2%C3%AE-injection-during-the-ovsynch-protocol-on-luteal-regression-and-fertility-in-lactating-dairy-cows-a-meta-analysis
#6
S Borchardt, A Pohl, P D Carvalho, P M Fricke, W Heuwieser
Incomplete luteal regression after treatment with a single dose of prostaglandin F2α during an Ovsynch protocol decreases fertility to timed artificial insemination (TAI). To increase the proportion of cows with complete luteal regression and subsequently pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI), an additional treatment with PGF2α 24 h after the first has been recommended. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analytical assessment were performed with the objective of evaluating the effects of adding a second PGF2α treatment during the Ovsynch protocol on luteal regression and reproductive performance in lactating dairy cows...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908778/oil-based-versus-water-based-contrast-for-hysterosalpingography-in-infertile-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Fang Fang, Yu Bai, Yu Zhang, Andrew Faramand
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of the using oil-soluble contrast material (OSCM) vs. water-soluble contrast material (WSCM) for hysterosalpingography on pregnancy rates in infertile women. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Infertile women. INTERVENTION(S): We included randomized controlled trials comparing pregnancy outcomes in women with infertility undergoing hysterosalpingography using OSCM and WSCM...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908776/effects-of-chronic-endometritis-therapy-on-in-vitro-fertilization-outcome-in-women-with-repeated-implantation-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Amerigo Vitagliano, Carlo Saccardi, Marco Noventa, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Gabriele Saccone, Ettore Cicinelli, Sara Pizzi, Alessandra Andrisani, Pietro Salvatore Litta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of antibiotic therapy for chronic endometritis (CE) on IVF outcome. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Infertile women with history of recurrent implantation failure, defined as two or more failed ETs, undergoing one or more IVF cycle(s). INTERVENTION(S): The review was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42017062494) before the start of the literature search...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908770/pregnancy-outcomes-from-more-than-1-800-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles-with-the-use-of-24-chromosome-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-based-preimplantation-genetic-testing-for-aneuploidy
#9
Alexander L Simon, Michelle Kiehl, Erin Fischer, J Glenn Proctor, Mark R Bush, Carolyn Givens, Matthew Rabinowitz, Zachary P Demko
OBJECTIVE: To measure in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes following 24-chromosome single‒nucleotide-polymorphism (SNP)-based preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A) and euploid embryo transfer. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Fertility clinics and laboratory. PATIENT(S): Women 20-46 years of age undergoing IVF treatment. INTERVENTION(S): Twenty-four-chromosome SNP-based PGT-A of day 5/6 embryo biopsies...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908769/improved-outcomes-after-blastocyst-stage-frozen-thawed-embryo-transfers-compared-with-cleavage-stage-a-society-for-assisted-reproductive-technologies-clinical-outcomes-reporting-system-study
#10
Emily C Holden, Banafsheh N Kashani, Sara S Morelli, Donald Alderson, Sangita K Jindal, Pamela A Ohman-Strickland, Peter G McGovern
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there is a difference in obstetrical and perinatal outcomes in blastocyst frozen-thawed embryo transfers (FETs) compared with cleavage-stage FET. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing autologous FETs at either the blastocyst stage (n = 118,572) or the cleavage stage (n = 117,619) reported to the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology in the years 2004-2013...
June 13, 2018: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908643/investigating-human-placentation-and-pregnancy-using-first-trimester-chorionic-villi
#11
Roberta L Hannibal, Margarida Cardoso-Moreira, Shilpa P Chetty, Joanne Lau, Zhongxia Qi, Eduardo Gonzalez-Maldonado, Athena M Cherry, Jingwei Yu, Mary E Norton, Julie C Baker
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS), routinely used for prenatal diagnosis of cytogenetic disorders, also possesses great potential for the study of placentation. To better understand villus biology, human placentation, and how these relate to pregnancy outcomes, we examined the morphology and transcriptomes of villi obtained via CVS from 10 to 14 weeks of pregnancy and correlated these with pregnancy attributes and clinical outcomes. First, we established a morphological scoring system based on three main villus features: branching, budding and vascularization...
May 2018: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908637/dce-mri-reveals-early-decreased-and-later-increased-placenta-perfusion-after-a-stress-challenge-during-pregnancy-in-a-mouse-model
#12
Chressen Catharina Remus, Fabian Kording, Petra Arck, Emilia Solano, Jan Sedlacik, Gerhard Adam, Kurt Hecher, Nils Daniel Forkert
OBJECTIVES: Stress during pregnancy is known to have negative effects on fetal outcome. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine placental perfusion alterations after stress challenge during pregnancy in a mouse model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven Tesla MRI was performed on pregnant mice at embrionic day (ED) 14.5 and 16.5. Twenty dams were exposed to an established acoustic stress challenge model while twenty non-exposed dams served as controls. Placental perfusion was analyzed in dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI using the steepest slope model...
May 2018: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908431/smoking-ban-and-health-at-birth-evidence-from-hungary
#13
Tamás Hajdu, Gábor Hajdu
In 2012, smoking restrictions were extended to hospitality venues in Hungary. Women working in bars and restaurants were primarily affected by the intervention. In this research, we analyze the effect of this smoking ban on the outcomes of their pregnancies. Using individual live birth, fetal loss, and infant mortality registry data, we examine the probability of live birth, indicators of health at birth, and the probability of death in the first year of life. We apply a difference-in-differences framework and show that the smoking ban has improved health at birth...
June 13, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908353/the-impact-of-prenatal-diagnosis-on-congenital-anomaly-outcomes-data-from-1997-to-2016
#14
REVIEW
Paula Braz, Ausenda Machado, Carlos Matias Dias
The term prenatal diagnosis comprises a variety of techniques aimed to determine the health and condition of the embryo or foetus. Its main goal is to identify at an early stage of the pregnancy, if possible, malformations or other conditions that could increase the risk of a negative outcome in the pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of prenatal diagnosis in Portugal in pregnancies with congenital anomalies. A cross sectional study was implemented using data for the years 1997-2016 from the Portuguese registry of congenital anomalies (RENAC), a population-based registry that follows EUROCAT guidelines...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908338/surgical-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-radical-abdominal-trachelectomy-versus-hysterectomy-for-stage-ia2-ib1-cervical-cancer
#15
Jing Guo, Ying Zhang, Xiaofei Chen, Lin Sun, Kai Chen, Xiugui Sheng
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the surgical and oncologic outcomes between radical abdominal trachelectomy and radical hysterectomy (RH) for stage IA2-IB1 cervical cancer. DESIGN: Ⅱ-2: : Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Shandong Cancer Hospital. PATIENTS: 329 patients with IA2-IB1 cervical cancer. INTERVENTIONS: All patients underwent radical abdominal trachelectomy (ART) or RH. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: All patients were divided into ART (n=143) and RH (n=186) group according to surgical approach...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908288/pregnancy-outcomes-after-maternal-betahistine-exposure-a-case-series
#16
Cuneyt Kemal Buharalioglu, Selin Acar, Hilal Erol-Coskun, Gözde Küçüksolak, Barış Karadas, Tijen Kaya-Temiz, Yusuf C Kaplan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pregnancy outcomes of women who were exposed to betahistine during their pregnancies. METHODS: We identified and evaluated the outcomes of 27 pregnant women who were referred to Terafar (Teratology Information Service, Izmir, Turkey) for a teratological risk assessment. RESULTS: Of 24 pregnancies with known outcomes, 21 resulted in live births (including two pairs of twins) whereas two ended with miscarriage and three with elective terminations...
June 13, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908216/complications-of-delivery-among-mothers-with-spina-bifida
#17
Courtney L Shepard, Phyllis L Yan, Stephanie J Kielb, Daniela A Wittmann, Elisabeth H Quint, Kate H Kraft, John M Hollingsworth
OBJECTIVE: To determine rates and types of peripartum morbidity among delivering women with spina bifida (SB) compared to those without SB. The rates of pregnancy and delivery among women with SB have been significantly increasing. Current knowledge of peripartum outcomes for these women is limited. METHODS: Using 2004-2013 National Inpatient Sample data, we identified all hospitalizations for delivery, distinguishing between women with and without SB. Using a code-based algorithm, we determined whether a complication occurred during the hospitalization...
June 13, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908013/patient-reported-disease-activity-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Nathaniel Harris, Amanda Eudy, Megan Clowse
OBJECTIVES: While increased rheumatic disease activity during pregnancy has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, this activity is typically assessed by the physician. Little is known, however, about the association between patient-reported measures of disease activity and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Univariate and multivariable regression models were used to assess the relationship between patient and physician-reported measures of disease activity and adverse pregnancy outcomes in 225 patients with lupus or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) enrolled in a prospective registry at a single academic center from 2008-2016...
June 15, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907804/administration-of-molecular-hydrogen-during-pregnancy-improves-behavioral-abnormalities-of-offspring-in-a-maternal-immune-activation-model
#19
Kenji Imai, Tomomi Kotani, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Tomoko Nakano, Takafumi Ushida, Akira Iwase, Taku Nagai, Shinya Toyokuni, Akio Suzumura, Fumitaka Kikkawa
The aim of the present study was to investigate long-term outcomes of the offspring in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced maternal immune activation (MIA) model and the effect of maternal molecular hydrogen (H2 ) administration. We have previously demonstrated in the MIA mouse model that maternal administration of H2 attenuates oxidative damage and neuroinflammation, including induced pro-inflammatory cytokines and microglial activation, in the fetal brain. Short-term memory, sociability and social novelty, and sensorimotor gating were evaluated using the Y-maze, three-chamber, and prepulse inhibition (PPI) tests, respectively, at postnatal 3 or 4 weeks...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907704/growth-and-body-composition-of-children-aged-2-4-years-after-exposure-to-community-mobilisation-women-s-groups-in-bangladesh
#20
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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