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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119576/natural-course-of-fetal-axillary-lymphangioma-based-on-prenatal-ultrasound-studies
#1
Theera Tongsong, Suchaya Luewan, Jiraporn Khorana, Sirinart Sirilert, Cholaros Charoenratana
This series and literature review aimed to prenatally characterize the nature of axillary lymphangioma. A total of 30 cases, including our 5 cases, were analyzed. Insights gained from this review are as follows: Septate and nonseptate cysts seem to be different entities. The nonseptate type tends to be small and transient but more highly associated with aneuploidies. Septate cysts are very rarely associated with other abnormalities and hydrops fetalis, unlike cystic hygroma colli, but are more progressive with gestational age and associated with adverse outcomes...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988459/inconsistency-in-classifying-vascular-anomalies-what-s-in-a-name
#2
Kristy S Pahl, Kyung Kim, Casey Sams, Hortensia Alvarez, Scott V Smith, Julie Blatt
BACKGROUND: Vascular anomalies are a heterogeneous group of disorders seen in children and adults. A standard nomenclature for classification has been offered by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Its application is important for communication among the multiple specialties involved in the care of patients and for planning treatment, as well as for research and billing. We hypothesized that terminology still is not uniformly applied, and that this could have an impact on treatment...
October 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920026/giant-cervico-thoracic-cystic-hygroma-in-a-preterm-a-case-report
#3
Rahul Mansing Kadam, A Narendra Kumar, Vsv Prasad, Sudha Boda
Cystic hygroma is a benign, painless loculated lymphatic proliferation, which occur due to a combination of sequestration from developing lymphatic system, abnormal budding of the lymphatic system or lack of development of the normal connections between venous and lymphatic drainage. We report a case of giant cervico-thoracic cystic hygroma in a preterm neonate with management options and a brief review of literature.
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801976/implications-of-fetoplacental-mosaicism-on-cell-free-dna-testing-for-sex-chromosome-aneuploidies
#4
Francesca Romana Grati, Komal Bajaj, Valentina Zanatta, Francesca Malvestiti, Barbara Malvestiti, Livia Marcato, Beatrice Grimi, Federico Maggi, Giuseppe Simoni, Susan J Gross, Jose Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: The unique biological behavior of sex chromosomes has implications for cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing. Our purpose is to predict the (1) false positive/negative rates of cfDNA testing consequent to fetoplacental mosaicism for any sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA) and (2) positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive values of a high-risk and low-risk cfDNA result for any SCA. METHOD: This is a retrospective analysis of 67 030 chorionic villus sampling karyotypes, including fetoplacental mosaicism cases...
October 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630776/sudden-onset-rapidly-expansile-cervical-cystic-hygroma-in-an-adult-a-rare-case-with-unusual-presentation-and-extensive-review-of-the-literature
#5
Vivek Dokania, Anagha Rajguru, Harmanjot Kaur, Ketan Agarwal, Sujata Kanetkar, Prajakta Thakur, Femina Patel, Dhirajkumar Shukla
Cystic hygroma (CH) is a benign infiltrative malformation of the lymphatic channels. We report a case of a 28-year-old Indian female who presented with rapidly enlarging right sided neck swelling over the posterior triangle since 5 days. Complete resection of CH is sometimes not amenable because of its infiltrative nature and involvement of surrounding vital structures. However, in our patient successful complete surgical resection was undertaken. The MRI findings of our patient were consistent with brachial cleft cyst; this posed a challenge in the diagnosis of CH...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593002/management-and-outcomes-of-cystic-hygromas-experience-of-a-tertiary-center
#6
Gokcen Orgul, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Ahmet Oktem, M Sinan Beksac
PURPOSE: Cystic hygroma (CH) is a fetal sonographic finding with an incidence of 1%. Chromosomal abnormalities and structural malformations are commonly related with CH. We aimed to describe our experience and determine the association between diagnosis of CH and adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of prenatal CH diagnoses over a ten-year period. Cases were evaluated for maternal age, gestational week at CH diagnosis, invasive procedure, karyotype result, associated abnormality and perinatal outcome...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549384/rapidly-growing-cystic-hygroma-in-an-adult-patient
#7
Talha Dogruyol, Halil Tozum, Tahir Sevval Eren
Cystic hygroma is a benign tumor of lymphatic tissue. It usually develops before the second year of life and is rarely seen in adults. A 26-year-old woman was referred to our clinic with a swelling in the left supraclavicular region, which had appeared 5 months earlier and grown rapidly. Ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a 7-cm cystic lesion in the neighborhood of the carotid artery and jugular vein medially and the supraclavicular region inferiorly The lesion was dissected completely from the surrounding tissue...
June 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536213/non-surgical-treatment-of-a-relapsed-cystic-hygroma-in-an-adult
#8
Rafael García Carretero, Belen Rodriguez-Maya, Oscar Vazquez-Gomez
Lymphatic malformations, also known as lymphangiomas or cystic hygromas, are benign masses that typically affect newborns and infants and involve the head and neck regions. They are, however, rare in adults and even rarer in the axillary region. Although surgery is considered to be the treatment of choice, we present a rare case of a recurrent cystic hygroma 32 years after the first surgical operation. Due to the cosmetic concerns and the risks of a surgical approach, non-surgical therapy with percutaneous sclerosants was performed, with a good outcome after a 2-year follow-up period...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523762/a-retrospective-study-of-cytogenetic-results-from-amniotic-fluid-in-5328-fetuses-with-abnormal-obstetric-sonographic-findings
#9
Shuo Zhang, Caixia Lei, Junping Wu, Haiyan Sun, Yuezhou Yang, Yueping Zhang, Xiaoxi Sun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid for fetuses with abnormal sonographic findings and to determine the detection rates of abnormal karyotypes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 5328 fetuses with abnormal sonographic findings in the first or second trimester enrolled from October 1998 and September 2015. Cytogenetic results from amniotic fluid were obtained in all of these pregnancies...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490156/multiloculated-hydrocephalus-open-craniotomy-or-endoscopy
#10
REVIEW
Yun Ho Lee, Young Sub Kwon, Kook Hee Yang
Multiloculated hydrocephalus (MLH) is a condition in which patients have multiple, separate abnormal cerebrospinal fluid collections with no communication between them. Despite technical advancements in pediatric neurosurgery, neurological outcomes are poor in these patients and the approach to this pathology remains problematic especially given individual anatomic complexity and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hydrodynamics. A uniform surgical strategy has not yet been developed. Current treatment options for MLH are microsurgical fenestration of separate compartments by open craniotomy or endoscopy, shunt surgery in which multiple catheters are placed in the compartments, and combinations of these modalities...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336317/lethal-multiple-pterygium-syndrome-a-severe-phenotype-associated-with-a-novel-mutation-in-the-nebulin-gene
#11
Ebtesam Abdalla, Gianina Ravenscroft, Louay Zayed, Sarah J Beecroft, Nigel G Laing
Fetal akinesia deformation sequence is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by a variable combination of fetal akinesia, intrauterine growth restriction, developmental abnormalities such as cystic hygroma, hydrops fetalis, pulmonary hypoplasia, occasional arthrogryposis, and pterygia. The pathogenetic mechanisms of fetal akinesia deformation sequence include neuropathy, muscular disorders, neuromuscular junction disorders, maternal myasthenia gravis, restrictive dermopathy and others...
January 18, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326560/sex-chromosome-aneuploidy-detection-by-noninvasive-prenatal-testing-helpful-or-hazardous
#12
Rosemary E Reiss, Marie Discenza, Judith Foster, Lori Dobson, Louise Wilkins-Haug
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) predicted by noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT), assess test performance, and compare it with nuchal translucency (NT) screening among patients seen in our prenatal diagnosis center. METHODS: We identified suspected cases of SCA by reviewing results from all NIPT samples sent from our center to commercial laboratories offering analysis by cell-free DNA between 1 December 2012 and 31 July 2015...
May 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298802/infantile-cystic-hygroma-an-unusual-perioperative-course
#13
Suman Saini, Madhu Dayal, Amita Gupta
Airway management of an infant with a giant cervical lump may be a difficult task. The anesthesiologist must be prepared to face associated challenges during securing the airway in such patients. We report our experience with One year old infant who presented with huge cystic hygroma in the cervical region leading to recurrent episodes of respiratory tract infection and distress. Surgical removal was needed as sclerotherapy proved ineffective in reducing its size. Proseal laryngeal mask airway was used as a conduit after inhalational induction since airway could not be maintained with bag and mask...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163469/unusual-site-for-cystic-hygroma-a-single-centre-experience
#14
Sandeep K Rahul, Basant Kumar, Ankur Bhatnagar, Eti Sthapak, Vijai D Upadhyaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104017/-lymphadenectomy-using-dissection-and-protection-of-carotid-sheath-and-main-nerves-in-surgery-for-benign-diseases-in-the-neck
#15
J Wu, Y H Liu, K L Wu, X H Li, C B Gao, Y Zhao
Objective: To investigate the significance of lymphadenectomy using dissection and protection of carotid sheath and main nerves in treating complex benign disease of neck. Methods: A total of 54 cases with benign diseases in neck who received the protective surgical treatments were reviewed. There were 25 cases of recurrent branchial fistula, 15 cases of lymphoid tuberculosis, 5 cases of cystic hygroma, 5 cases of racemose angioma, and 4 cases of Madelung's disease. According to the location and extent of disease, all cases received operation with dissection and protection of carotid sheath and main nerves to removal lesions with lymphoid tissue and fat-connective tissue...
January 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087956/intralesional-injection-of-ok-432-in-cystic-hygroma
#16
M Hazim, S S Moses, I P Tan
BACKGROUND: Lymphangiomas are congenital malformations of the lymphatic system with characteristic dilated endothelium-lined spaces. It is vulnerability to infection or chemical irritants cause spontaneous reduction in size and in some cases complete resolution. Intralesional injection of OK-432 or Picibanil (lyophilized incubation mixture of Group A Streptococcus pyogenes of human origin) is slowly gaining recognition as its safety and efficacy standards have shown to avoid complications resulting from surgical interventions...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064298/case-report-of-a-chest-wall-cystic-hygroma-in-a-teenager
#17
K Aimanan, M P Putera, L G Chew, T Ramesh, M I Muhd Azim, B Badmanaban
Cystic hygroma or cystic lymphangioma is a congenital malformation of lymphatic origin. Their occurrence on the chest wall is very rare, and they progressively grow with age infiltrating into the local tissues, around muscle fibers and nerves, making them difficult and hazardous to remove. There are various treatment modalities of such lesion. Based on the literature surgical excision is the preferred treatment of choice in cystic hygroma because it gives a better cure rate compared to other modalities. We report a case successful excision of anterolateral chest wall cystic hygroma in a teenager in Hospital Serdang...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942480/diagnostic-imaging-of-benign-and-malignant-neck-masses-in-children-a-pictorial-review
#18
REVIEW
Ruth Elizabeth Brown, Srikrishna Harave
Neck masses are frequently encountered in pediatric medicine, and can present a diagnostic dilemma for the clinicians involved. There are several means by which neck masses in children can be subdivided, for example by age at presentation, anatomical location including compartments and fascia of the neck, their classical appearance when imaged, or by etiology. When imaging children the clinicians must be mindful of radiation exposure and as such ultrasound (US) is often attempted first. Cross sectional imaging can be helpful for problem solving with CT being particularly useful for assessing the patient in more acute scenarios, for example when there is airway compromise...
October 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741366/diverse-outcome-following-early-prenatal-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-stenosis
#19
M Bronshtein, Z Blumenfeld, A Khoury, A Gover
OBJECTIVE: To assess the natural history and outcome of fetal pulmonary stenosis (PS), particularly that detected at 14-17 weeks' gestation. METHODS: In this retrospective study we searched an electronic database of women from the general Israeli population attending a private ultrasound institute (Al-Kol ultrasound institute in Haifa) for routine complete early fetal ultrasound, including all fetal systems and a fetal echocardiogram, between 2004 and 2015. Ninety-seven percent of the women were at low risk of fetal malformations, and 3% had risk factors such as maternal Type-1 diabetes mellitus, exposure during pregnancy to teratogenic drugs, or anomalies in previous pregnancies or in other family members...
February 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647525/ep12-05-effect-of-septation-and-nuchal-thickness-on-incidence-of-chromosomal-abnormalities-in-the-presence-of-fetal-cystic-hygroma
#20
S Serin, D C Arikan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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