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cystic hygroma

Moshe Bronshtein, Zeev Blumenfeld, Asaad Choury, Ayala Gover
OBJECTIVES: To assess the natural history and outcome of fetal pulmonary stenosis [PS] detected at 14 to 16 weeks gestation. METHODS: This is a retrospective study, in the years 2004-2015, with serial follow up during pregnancy. Patients referred for complete early fetal ultrasound including all fetal systems and a fetal echocardiogram. Ninety seven percent of the women were low risk, and 3% had risk factors such as maternal type 1 diabetes mellitus, exposure to teratogenic drugs or anomalies in previous pregnancies or in other family members...
October 14, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
S Serin, D C Arikan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Y Nieto Jimenez, C Martínez-Payo, M Ruiz de Azúa Ballesteros, A Arranz F, T Pérez Medina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Kandukuri Mahesh Kumar, Indira Veligandla, A R Vijaya Lakshmi, Vanita Pandey
Teratomas are rare tumours which originate from all 3 germs cell layers namely endoderm, mesoderm and ectoderm, with varying proportions of each component. The most common site of teratoma is in the sacro-coccygeal region. Teratomas are generally benign and have well appreciable clinical and histopathological features. Incidence of congenital teratoma is 1 in 4000. In head and neck region congenital teratomas usually associated with other anomalies like cystic hygroma and cleft palate with an incidence of 1 in 400...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Haya Azouz, Haneen Salah, Saad Al-Ajlan, Mohammad Badran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: JAAD Case Reports
Chih-Ping Chen, Liang-Kai Wang, Schu-Rern Chern, Peih-Shan Wu, Kevin Ko, Yen-Ni Chen, Shin-Wen Chen, Meng-Shan Lee, Wayseen Wang
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal diagnosis of concomitant chromosome 5p deletion syndrome and chromosome 7p duplication syndrome in a fetus with abnormal prenatal ultrasound is presented. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old woman was referred for amniocentesis at 22 weeks of gestation because of an irregular-shaped skull, bilateral ventriculomegaly, and nuchal cystic hygroma. Amniocentesis revealed a derivative chromosome 5 with a distal 5p deletion and an addendum of an extra unknown chromosomal segment at the breakpoint of 5p...
August 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Karen J Low, Sherif Abdel-Fattah, John Barton, Elizabeth C Crowne, Mark Denbow, Nicola Lerpiniere, Lisa Burvill-Holmes, Ingrid Scurr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2016: Clinical Dysmorphology
Rafał Zieliński, Maria Respondek-Liberska
Ultrasound prenatal examination enables one to assess the facial skeleton and the neck from the first weeks of gestation. Cervicofacial tumors detected via prenatal ultrasound are very rarely reported fetal pathologies. They include cystic hygromas, teratomas, epulides, vascular tumors, and thyroid tumors. The tumor category, its location and vascularization pattern allow one to accurately establish a diagnosis which is usually confirmed by clinical examination of the neonate or a pathological examination (surgical specimen, biopsy, autopsy)...
August 1, 2016: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
P Sheshadri, T M Kalappa, B Pramod Krishna, Santhosh Kumaran, M A Lakshith Biddappa
Diagnosis of midline neck swellings may give a myriad of options, ranging from ranula, thyroglossal duct cyst, cystic hygroma, cystic lymphangioma, epidermoid, dermoid and teratoid cysts to benign or malignant neoplasms of the mucosa or salivary glands and also rare skin appendage tumours like pilomatricoma or pilomatrix carcinoma. Various pitfalls are encountered in diagnosing these midline swellings as most of the features are overlapping. Careful history and examination have to be complemented with other diagnostic aids such as conventional radiography, ultrasonography, aspiration cytology and computed tomography to arrive at a correct diagnosis...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Dimosthenis Igoumenakis, Ioannis Logothetis, Alina Barmpagadaki, Panayotis Ieromonachou, George Mastorakis
Lymphatic malformations-previously called lymphangiomas or cystic hygromas-are regarded as non-malignant primary disorders of the lymphatic system. They appear predominantly in infants and children, with 90 % of cases being diagnosed by the age of 2 years. Also, they constitute an infrequent entity, accounting for 5 % of all benign tumors in infants and children. In adults they are extremely rare. In the present article we present an extraordinary case of a lymphatic malformation that ensued in the temporal area of a 15-year old adolescent...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Horng-Der Tsai, Kuanting Chen, Meng-Luen Lee, Cheng-Han Lee, Tze-Ho Chen, Wen-Hsiang Lin, Ming Chen
OBJECTIVE: Fetal ductus arteriosus aneurysm (DAA) is a rare but potentially risky congenital heart disease. It is often not diagnosed until the third trimester because of its asymptomatic nature and late onset. In rare occasions, DAA may result in serious complications; therefore, prenatal diagnosis is helpful. CASE REPORT: Herein, we report the case of a foetus with cystic hygroma and increased nuchal translucency in the first trimester (but regressed at 20-week anomalous scan)...
June 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Frank Cheau-Feng Lin, Tsung-Lin Yang, Min-Che Tung, Stella Chin-Shaw Tsai
BACKGROUND: Cystic hygroma is a rare benign abnormality of the lymphatic system generally occurring in young children less than 2 years old. The standard transcervical surgical treatment of cystic hygroma may often leave a permanent scar in the neck region. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of cystic hygroma in a 19-month-old Asian baby girl successfully treated with robot-assisted excision through a hairline neck-lift approach. We present the use of the Yang's retractor as an instrumental advancement to this surgical approach...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Ratna Dua Puri, Udhaya Kotecha, Meena Lall, Pratima Dash, Sunita Bijarnia-Mahay, Ishwar Chander Verma
The utility of fetal autopsy to corroborate antenatal ultrasound findings and to aid genetic counseling is well known. However, the ability to identify an underlying cause for the common indications for which it is performed is not well studied. This study aimed to determine if the diagnostic yield of fetal autopsy in identifying the underlying cause is determined by the indication of the autopsy. Five groups of fetuses were defined based on the indication for the autopsy performed in 903 cases: (i) malformations, (ii) intrauterine death (IUD), (iii) cystic hygroma and hydrops fetalis, (iv) isolated abnormalities of amniotic fluid, and (v) intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR)...
August 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Alper Gezdirici, Ali Ekiz, Elif Yılmaz Güleç, Başak Kaya, Salim Sezer, Alev Atış Aydın
Cystic hygroma (CH) is a vascular-lymphatic malformation and can occur either as an isolated finding or as a part of a syndrome. The incidence of CH is about 1:1000-1:6000 births. Ultrasonographic diagnosis of CH is usually obtained in the first trimester, and the lesion can appear in septated or non-septated forms. Increased nuchal translucency and CH have been associated with a wide range of structural and genetic abnormalities. Most of CHs are associated with a number of chromosomal abnormalities especially Trisomy 21, 13, 18 and Turner syndrome...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Satvinder Singh Bakshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
Sumit Bahl, Vandana Shah, Sonal Anchlia, Siddharth Vyas
Cystic hygroma is a benign congenital malformation of the lymphatic system that occurs in infant or children younger than 2 years of age. Although cystic hygroma is well recognized in pediatric practice, it seldom presents de novo in adulthood. These are commonly present in head and neck but can be present anywhere. Cystic hygroma is very rare in adults, but it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of adult neck swellings. Patients presenting with a painless, soft, fluctuant, and enlarging neck mass should have a careful history and physical examination along with radiological imaging to assist with diagnosis...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
A N Beech, J N Farrier
Up to 75% of lymphatic malformations occur in the head and neck region. Of these, cystic hygromas and lymphangiomas have been widely reported; however they rarely occur in the same patient. We report the case of a 5-year-old girl who presented to the Department of Paediatrics of a district general hospital with a short history of recurrent, painful swelling of the anterior one-third of her tongue. She was reviewed under the joint care of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Otolaryngology Teams. Relevant past medical history included a previously excised cystic hygroma from her right neck when she was aged 2 years...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Muhammad Faisal Khilji, Niranjan Lal Jeswani, Rana Shoaib Hamid, Faisal Al Azri
Arachnoid cyst of the brain is common in children but its association with spontaneous subdural hygroma is rare. A case of a nine-year-old boy, without any preceding history of trauma, is presented here who came to the emergency department of a tertiary care hospital with complaints of headache, nausea, and vomiting for the last two weeks but more for the last two days. Examination showed a young, fully conscious oriented boy with positive Cushing's reflex and papilledema of left eye. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the brain showed left temporal extra-axial cystic lesion of 5...
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Jessica Scholl, Stephen T Chasen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of abnormal outcomes with fetal cystic hygroma detected when crown-rump length measures less than 45 mm, and to compare them to outcomes among fetuses with cystic hygroma detected when crown-rump length measures 45-84 mm. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of fetuses with first trimester nuchal cystic hygroma from 2005 to 2015. RESULTS: A total of 212 fetuses were included. Abnormal karyotype was found in 20 of 46 (43...
May 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
Ariana Kariminejad, Siavash Ghaderi-Sohi, Hamid Hossein-Nejad Nedai, Vahid Varasteh, Ali-Reza Moslemi, Homa Tajsharghi
BACKGROUND: Lethal multiple pterygium syndrome (LMPS, OMIM 253290), is a fatal disorder associated with anomalies of the skin, muscles and skeleton. It is characterised by prenatal growth failure with pterygium present in multiple areas and akinesia, leading to muscle weakness and severe arthrogryposis. Foetal hydrops with cystic hygroma develops in affected foetuses with LMPS. This study aimed to uncover the aetiology of LMPS in a family with two affected foetuses. METHODS AND RESULTS: Whole exome sequencing studies have identified novel compound heterozygous mutations in RYR1 in two affected foetuses with pterygium, severe arthrogryposis and foetal hydrops with cystic hygroma, characteristic features compatible with LMPS...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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