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cystic hygroma

Rebecca M Reimers, Heather Mason-Suares, Sarah E Little, Bryann Bromley, Emily S Reiff, Lori J Dobson, Louise Wilkins-Haug
OBJECTIVES: This study characterizes cytogenetic abnormalities with ultrasound findings to refine counseling following negative cell-free DNA (cfDNA). METHODS: A retrospective cohort of pregnancies with chromosome abnormalities and ultrasound findings was examined to determine the residual risk following negative cfDNA. Cytogenetic data was categorized as cfDNA detectable for aneuploidies of chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X, or Y or non-cfDNA detectable for other chromosome abnormalities...
February 13, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
F E Hazmiri, F Nachite, D Skandour, A Raji, N Cherif Idrissi El Ganouni, H Rais
BACKGROUND: Cervical thymic cysts are uncommon lesions, rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of neck cysts in children. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of multiloculated thymic cyst in an 8-year-old boy on the right side of the neck. Perioperative diagnosis was a cystic hygroma. Macroscopic examination showed a cystic mass measuring 6.5 cm in total length. Histopathology of the excised specimen revealed thymic tissue with prominent Hassall's corpuscles associated with multiloculated cyst...
January 30, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Mai Shimura, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Hiromi Nagase, Akihiko Mochizuki, Futoshi Sekiguchi, Naho Koshimizu, Toshiyuki Itai, Mizuha Odagami
We investigated whether it was possible to predict the prognosis of fetuses with cystic hygroma (CH) in early pregnancy based on the degree of neck thickening. We retrospectively analyzed 57 singleton pregnancies with fetuses with CH who were examined before the 22nd week of pregnancy. The fetuses were categorized according to the outcome, structural abnormalities at birth, and chromosomal abnormalities. Here, we proposed a new sonographic predictor with which we assessed neck thickening by dividing the width of the neck thickening by the biparietal diameter (BPD), which is expressed as the CH/BPD ratio (CBR)...
January 11, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
Ana Vičić, Tomislav Hafner, Ivanka Bekavac Vlatković, Petra Korać, Dubravko Habek, Feodora Stipoljev
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to summarize the experience on prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study includes a retrospective data analysis of 157 prenatally detected cases of Down syndrome, routinely diagnosed among 6448 prenatal investigations performed during a 13-year period (2002-2014) in a single tertiary center. RESULTS: The prevalence of diagnosed Down syndrome cases was 2.4%. Maternal age alone was indication for prenatal diagnosis in 47 cases (45...
December 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Hüseyin Çağlayan Özcan, Mete Gurol Uğur, Özcan Balat, Seyhun Sucu, Neslihan Bayramoğlu Tepe, Ebru Öztürk, Özge Kömürcü Karuserci, Tanyeli Güneyligil Kazaz
PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the association of cystic hygroma (CH) with fetal malformations and also to investigate the outcome of fetuses with CH diagnosed in the prenatal period. METHODS: We divided the CH patients into two main groups as isolated CH or CH associated with the congenital structural abnormality (CSA) by measuring the thickness of CH and showing other fetal abnormalities. Pregnancy outcomes were recorded as spontaneous abortion, elective termination, intrauterine death, live birth, postnatal death, and lost to follow-up...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
C Damaskos, N Garmpis, M Manousi, A Garmpi, G-A Margonis, E Spartalis, C Doula, C Michail-Strantzia, N Patelis, D Schizas, P-T Arkoumanis, N Andreatos, G Tsourouflis, N Zavras, K Markatos, K Kontzoglou, E A Antoniou
OBJECTIVE: Malformations of the lymphatic system are recognized as benign congenital tumors that affect infant and children in the perinatal era. In children, these abnormalities usually found in the neck and the axillary region, but they can present in other parts of the body such as mediastinum, pelvis, retroperitoneum as well as in solid organs (e.g., adrenal glands, pancreas, stomach). Our aim is to report our experience on cystic hygromas via two cases and review the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Herein we present two cases of cystic hygroma, the first of female children and the second of a female adult patient respectively...
November 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Theera Tongsong, Suchaya Luewan, Jiraporn Khorana, Sirinart Sirilert, Cholaros Charoenratana
This series and literature review aimed to prenatally characterize the nature of axillary lymphangioma. A total of 30 cases, including our 5 cases, were analyzed. Insights gained from this review are as follows: Septate and nonseptate cysts seem to be different entities. The nonseptate type tends to be small and transient but more highly associated with aneuploidies. Septate cysts are very rarely associated with other abnormalities and hydrops fetalis, unlike cystic hygroma colli, but are more progressive with gestational age and associated with adverse outcomes...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Kristy S Pahl, Kyung Kim, Casey Sams, Hortensia Alvarez, Scott V Smith, Julie Blatt
BACKGROUND: Vascular anomalies are a heterogeneous group of disorders seen in children and adults. A standard nomenclature for classification has been offered by the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies. Its application is important for communication among the multiple specialties involved in the care of patients and for planning treatment, as well as for research and billing. We hypothesized that terminology still is not uniformly applied, and that this could have an impact on treatment...
October 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Rahul Mansing Kadam, A Narendra Kumar, Vsv Prasad, Sudha Boda
Cystic hygroma is a benign, painless loculated lymphatic proliferation, which occur due to a combination of sequestration from developing lymphatic system, abnormal budding of the lymphatic system or lack of development of the normal connections between venous and lymphatic drainage. We report a case of giant cervico-thoracic cystic hygroma in a preterm neonate with management options and a brief review of literature.
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
Francesca Romana Grati, Komal Bajaj, Valentina Zanatta, Francesca Malvestiti, Barbara Malvestiti, Livia Marcato, Beatrice Grimi, Federico Maggi, Giuseppe Simoni, Susan J Gross, Jose Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: The unique biological behavior of sex chromosomes has implications for cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing. Our purpose is to predict the (1) false positive/negative rates of cfDNA testing consequent to fetoplacental mosaicism for any sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA) and (2) positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive values of a high-risk and low-risk cfDNA result for any SCA. METHOD: This is a retrospective analysis of 67 030 chorionic villus sampling karyotypes, including fetoplacental mosaicism cases...
October 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
Vivek Dokania, Anagha Rajguru, Harmanjot Kaur, Ketan Agarwal, Sujata Kanetkar, Prajakta Thakur, Femina Patel, Dhirajkumar Shukla
Cystic hygroma (CH) is a benign infiltrative malformation of the lymphatic channels. We report a case of a 28-year-old Indian female who presented with rapidly enlarging right sided neck swelling over the posterior triangle since 5 days. Complete resection of CH is sometimes not amenable because of its infiltrative nature and involvement of surrounding vital structures. However, in our patient successful complete surgical resection was undertaken. The MRI findings of our patient were consistent with brachial cleft cyst; this posed a challenge in the diagnosis of CH...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Gokcen Orgul, Ozgur Ozyuncu, Ahmet Oktem, M Sinan Beksac
PURPOSE: Cystic hygroma (CH) is a fetal sonographic finding with an incidence of 1%. Chromosomal abnormalities and structural malformations are commonly related with CH. We aimed to describe our experience and determine the association between diagnosis of CH and adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data of prenatal CH diagnoses over a ten-year period. Cases were evaluated for maternal age, gestational week at CH diagnosis, invasive procedure, karyotype result, associated abnormality and perinatal outcome...
June 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
Talha Dogruyol, Halil Tozum, Tahir Sevval Eren
Cystic hygroma is a benign tumor of lymphatic tissue. It usually develops before the second year of life and is rarely seen in adults. A 26-year-old woman was referred to our clinic with a swelling in the left supraclavicular region, which had appeared 5 months earlier and grown rapidly. Ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a 7-cm cystic lesion in the neighborhood of the carotid artery and jugular vein medially and the supraclavicular region inferiorly The lesion was dissected completely from the surrounding tissue...
June 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Rafael García Carretero, Belen Rodriguez-Maya, Oscar Vazquez-Gomez
Lymphatic malformations, also known as lymphangiomas or cystic hygromas, are benign masses that typically affect newborns and infants and involve the head and neck regions. They are, however, rare in adults and even rarer in the axillary region. Although surgery is considered to be the treatment of choice, we present a rare case of a recurrent cystic hygroma 32 years after the first surgical operation. Due to the cosmetic concerns and the risks of a surgical approach, non-surgical therapy with percutaneous sclerosants was performed, with a good outcome after a 2-year follow-up period...
May 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Shuo Zhang, Caixia Lei, Junping Wu, Haiyan Sun, Yuezhou Yang, Yueping Zhang, Xiaoxi Sun
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic utility of karyotype analysis of amniotic fluid for fetuses with abnormal sonographic findings and to determine the detection rates of abnormal karyotypes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 5328 fetuses with abnormal sonographic findings in the first or second trimester enrolled from October 1998 and September 2015. Cytogenetic results from amniotic fluid were obtained in all of these pregnancies...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Yun Ho Lee, Young Sub Kwon, Kook Hee Yang
Multiloculated hydrocephalus (MLH) is a condition in which patients have multiple, separate abnormal cerebrospinal fluid collections with no communication between them. Despite technical advancements in pediatric neurosurgery, neurological outcomes are poor in these patients and the approach to this pathology remains problematic especially given individual anatomic complexity and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hydrodynamics. A uniform surgical strategy has not yet been developed. Current treatment options for MLH are microsurgical fenestration of separate compartments by open craniotomy or endoscopy, shunt surgery in which multiple catheters are placed in the compartments, and combinations of these modalities...
May 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Ebtesam Abdalla, Gianina Ravenscroft, Louay Zayed, Sarah J Beecroft, Nigel G Laing
Fetal akinesia deformation sequence is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder characterized by a variable combination of fetal akinesia, intrauterine growth restriction, developmental abnormalities such as cystic hygroma, hydrops fetalis, pulmonary hypoplasia, occasional arthrogryposis, and pterygia. The pathogenetic mechanisms of fetal akinesia deformation sequence include neuropathy, muscular disorders, neuromuscular junction disorders, maternal myasthenia gravis, restrictive dermopathy and others...
January 18, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Rosemary E Reiss, Marie Discenza, Judith Foster, Lori Dobson, Louise Wilkins-Haug
OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence of sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) predicted by noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT), assess test performance, and compare it with nuchal translucency (NT) screening among patients seen in our prenatal diagnosis center. METHODS: We identified suspected cases of SCA by reviewing results from all NIPT samples sent from our center to commercial laboratories offering analysis by cell-free DNA between 1 December 2012 and 31 July 2015...
May 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
Suman Saini, Madhu Dayal, Amita Gupta
Airway management of an infant with a giant cervical lump may be a difficult task. The anesthesiologist must be prepared to face associated challenges during securing the airway in such patients. We report our experience with One year old infant who presented with huge cystic hygroma in the cervical region leading to recurrent episodes of respiratory tract infection and distress. Surgical removal was needed as sclerotherapy proved ineffective in reducing its size. Proseal laryngeal mask airway was used as a conduit after inhalational induction since airway could not be maintained with bag and mask...
January 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Sandeep K Rahul, Basant Kumar, Ankur Bhatnagar, Eti Sthapak, Vijai D Upadhyaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
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