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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820539/a-survey-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-their-risk-factors-among-university-employees-a-single-institutional-study
#1
Emmanuel I Agaba, Maxwell O Akanbi, Patricia A Agaba, Amaka N Ocheke, Zumnan M Gimba, Steve Daniyam, Edith N Okeke
BACKGROUND: The incidence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is rising globally, with its attendant morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. This study evaluated the prevalence of NCDs and their risk factors among members of a university community. METHODS: All employees of the university were invited to the University health clinic for screening, using the World Health Organisation's STEPwise approach to NCDs. RESULTS: A total of 883 (521; 59...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818597/is-there-a-j-shaped-relationship-between-the-fatty-liver-index-and-risk-of-microalbuminuria-in-the-general-population
#2
Jong Wook Choi, Il Hwan Oh, Chang Hwa Lee, Joon-Sung Park
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the fatty liver index (FLI), as a clinical indicator of hepatic fat accumulation based on body mass index, gamma-glutamyl-transferase, triglycerides, and waist circumference, has an association with microalbuminuria. METHODS: We analyzed anthropometric and biochemical data from a nation-wide, population-based, cross-sectional study. A total of 1605 participants included were healthy native Korean 40years or older and divided into quintiles according to their log-FLI and sex...
August 14, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818489/tu-salud-%C3%A2-s%C3%A3-cuenta-your-health-matters-a%C3%A2-community-wide-campaign-in-a-hispanic-border%C3%A2-community-in-texas
#3
Natalia I Heredia, MinJae Lee, Lisa Mitchell-Bennett, Belinda M Reininger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a community-wide campaign, Tu Salud ¡Si Cuenta! (TSSC), in improving eating behaviors and anthropometric outcomes in Hispanic border communities. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental study with matched intervention and comparison communities. Cross-sectional assessments with randomly sampled adults, examined by actual exposure and site (unexposed intervention, exposed intervention, and unexposed comparison). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Predominately Mexican Americans located in Brownsville, TX (intervention) and Laredo, TX (control)...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818414/utilization-of-away-from-home-food-establishments-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dietary-pattern-and-obesity
#4
Tarra L Penney, Nicholas R V Jones, Jean Adams, Eva R Maguire, Thomas Burgoine, Pablo Monsivais
INTRODUCTION: Eating meals away from home has been associated with the consumption of unhealthy foods and increased body weight. However, more rigorous assessment of the contribution of different types of away-from-home food establishments to overall diet quality and obesity is minimal. This study examined usage of these food establishments, accordance to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern and obesity status in a nationally representative sample of adults in the United Kingdom...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818324/the-treatment-of-segmental-tibial-fractures-does-patient-preference-differ-from-surgeon-choice
#5
Z Little, T O Smith, S E McMahon, C Cooper, A Trompeter, M Pearse, S Britten, B Rogers, H Sharma, B Narayan, M Costa, D J Beard, C B Hing
INTRODUCTION: Segmental tibial fractures are complex injuries with a prolonged recovery time. Current definitive treatment options include intramedullary fixation or a circular external fixator. However, there is uncertainty as to which surgical option is preferable and there are no sufficiently rigorous multi-centre trials that have answered this question. The objective of this study was to determine whether patient and surgeon opinion was permissive for a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing intramedullary nailing to the application of a circular external fixator...
August 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818246/cancer-prevention-during-early-adulthood-highlights-from-a-meeting-of-experts
#6
Dawn M Holman, Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Greta M Massetti, Mary C Puckett, Claire D Brindis
Using a life course approach, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Division of Cancer Prevention and Control and the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors co-hosted a 2-day meeting with 15 multidisciplinary experts to consider evidence linking factors in early adulthood to subsequent cancer risk and strategies for putting that evidence into practice to reduce cancer incidence. This paper provides an overview of key themes from those meeting discussions, drawing attention to the influence that early adulthood can have on lifetime cancer risk and potential strategies for intervention during this phase of life...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817856/back-to-basics-the-effect-of-healthy-diet-and-exercise-on-chronic-disease-management
#7
Robert L Allison
INTRODUCTION: The increase in obesity rates in the U.S. and other less developed industrial countries have led to a worldwide epidemic of chronic disease states. Increased obesity rates are implicated in the treatment failures for illnesses such as coronary artery disease, diabetes, heart failure, hypertension and cancer. Effective prevention of obesity through diet and exercise contributes to the successful medical management of multiple chronic disease states. OBJECTIVE: Review the last 10 years of literature (2006-2016) on the effects of diet and exercise as they relate to the prevention of chronic disease...
2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816926/feasibility-and-relevance-of-antipsychotic-safety-monitoring-in-children-with-tourette-syndrome-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#8
Tamara Pringsheim, Josephine Ho, Justyna R Sarna, Tracy Hammer, Scott Patten
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are efficacious for tics and are increasingly prescribed to children with behavioral disorders. Antipsychotics have important adverse effects, and systematic monitoring of drug safety is infrequently performed. The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of antipsychotic safety monitoring in children with Tourette Syndrome using a defined protocol and to evaluate the risk of adverse effects with chronic use. METHODS/PROCEDURES: A prospective longitudinal study of children prescribed antipsychotics was performed...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815857/association-between-short-sleep-duration-and-body-mass-index-in-australian-indigenous-children
#9
Melissa Deacon-Crouch, Isabelle Skinner, Joseph Tucci, Timothy Skinner
AIM: Associations between short sleep duration and obesity and the relationship between obesity and chronic illness are well documented. Obese children are likely to become obese adults. To date, there is a paucity of information regarding sleep duration and quality for Indigenous Australian people. It may be that poor-quality, short sleep is contributing to the gap in health outcomes for Indigenous people compared with non-Indigenous adults and children. This study sought to investigate the possibility that poor sleep quality may be contributing to health outcomes for Indigenous children by exploring associations between sleep duration and body mass index (BMI)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814628/mother-infant-room-sharing-and-sleep-outcomes-in-the-insight-study
#10
Ian M Paul, Emily E Hohman, Eric Loken, Jennifer S Savage, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Patricia Carper, Michele E Marini, Leann L Birch
OBJECTIVES: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends infant-parent room-sharing until age 1. We assessed the association between room-sharing and sleep outcomes. METHODS: The Intervention Nurses Start Infants Growing on Healthy Trajectories study is an obesity prevention trial comparing a responsive parenting intervention with a safety control among primiparous mother-infant dyads. Mothers completed the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire at 4, 9, 12, and 30 months...
June 5, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814392/temporal-eating-patterns-associations-with-nutrient-intakes-diet-quality-and-measures-of-adiposity
#11
Rebecca M Leech, Anna Timperio, Katherine M Livingstone, Anthony Worsley, Sarah A McNaughton
Background: Some evidence suggests that higher energy intake (EI) later in the day is associated with poor diet quality and obesity. However, EI at one eating occasion (EO) is also dependent on EI at surrounding EOs. Studies that examine the distribution of EOs across the day are rare.Objective: The aim of this study was to examine associations between temporal eating patterns, nutrient intakes, diet quality, and measures of adiposity in a representative sample of Australian adults.Design: Dietary data from two 24-h recalls collected during the cross-sectional 2011-2012 Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were analyzed (n = 4544 adults, aged ≥19 y)...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814377/body-weight-misperception-and-dissatisfaction-among-overweight-and-obese-adult-nigerians
#12
Mukadas Oyeniran Akindele, Joliana Phillips, Ehimario Igumbor, Ushotanefe Useh
BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in low- and medium-income countries has a negative impact on overall health. Correct perception of one's body weight is a step in seeking healthy help toward weight reduction in overweight and obese individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the body weight misperception and dissatisfaction among overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting. METHODS: This study was part of a larger cross-sectional study that was designed to plan an intervention for overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814286/dietary-pattern-and-other-lifestyle-factors-as-potential-contributors-to-hypertension-prevalence-in-arusha-city-tanzania-a-population-based-descriptive-study
#13
L K Katalambula, D N Meyer, T Ngoma, J Buza, E Mpolya, A H Mtumwa, P Petrucka
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is increasing worldwide, disproportionately so in developing countries. Inadequate health care systems and adoption of unhealthy lifestyles have been linked to this emergent pattern. To better understand this trend, it is imperative we measure prevalence of hypertension, and examine specific risk factors, at a local level. This study provides a cross-sectional view of urban residents of Arusha City to determine prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: Blood pressure was measured using a digital sphygmomanometer...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814191/maternal-overweight-disrupts-the-sexual-maturation-of-the-offspring
#14
Rocío A Galarza, Eric A Rhon Calderón, Analía E Cortez, Alicia G Faletti
The aims of the present work were to study the effect of maternal overweight and obesity on the ovarian reserve, follicular development, and ovulation of the offspring and to assess whether this maternal condition alters oocyte integrity. To this end, female offspring from rats fed standard (OSD) or cafeteria (OCD) diet were used. Body weight, vaginal opening, and estrous cycle were recorded and ovaries were obtained on the day of the second estrus. In addition, ovarian weight, ovulation rate (measured by the number of oocytes within oviducts), follicular development (determined by histology), and oocyte integrity were examined...
September 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813010/characterization-of-breakfast-cereals-available-in-the-mexican-market-sodium-and-sugar-content
#15
Claudia Nieto, Sofia Rincon-Gallardo Patiño, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Angela Carriedo, Simón Barquera
Preschool Mexican children consume 7% of their total energy intake from processed breakfast cereals. This study characterized the nutritional quality and labelling (claims and Guideline Daily Amount (GDA)) of the packaged breakfast cereals available in the Mexican market. Photographs of all breakfast cereals available in the 9 main food retail chains in the country were taken. The nutrition quality of cereals was assessed using the United Kingdom Nutrient Profiling Model (UKNPM). Claims were classified using the International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) taxonomy and the GDA was defined according to the Mexican regulation, NOM-051...
August 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812403/text-messaging-sms-as-a-tool-to-facilitate-weight-loss-and-prevent-metabolic-deterioration-in-clinically-healthy-overweight-and-obese-subjects-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Vija Silina, Mesfin K Tessma, Silva Senkane, Gita Krievina, Guntis Bahs
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether SMS text messaging facilitates a reduction of weight and waist circumference (WC) and favourable changes in lipid profile and insulin levels in clinically healthy overweight and obese subjects. DESIGN: A randomised controlled trial. SETTING AND INTERVENTION: Primary care health centre in Riga, Latvia. Text messaging once in two weeks. SUBJECTS: A total of 123 overweight and obese men and women aged 30-45 years with no cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) or diabetes...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812123/-promoting-a%C3%A2-balanced-diet-and-physical-activity-among-children-conditions-for-the-successful-implementation-and-maintenance-of-multi-level-interventions-and-policies-results-of-two-qualitative-case-studies
#17
Berit Steenbock, Saskia Muellmann, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: To date, conditions for successfully implementing and maintaining multi-level interventions and policies for the promotion of a balanced diet and physical activity are not well understood from the perspective of stakeholders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to examine which factors are regarded as facilitating or impeding introduction, implementation and maintenance of multi-level interventions and policies from the standpoint of stakeholders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with stakeholders of one multi-level intervention (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS [IDEFICS] for the prevention of childhood obesity, n = 4) and one policy (Federal state offices coordinating networks for the provision of healthy food options in schools, n = 3) were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811738/predictors-of-retention-among-african-americans-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-test-the-healthy-eating-and-active-living-in-the-spirit-heals-intervention
#18
Oluwole A Babatunde, Swann Arp Adams, Michael D Wirth, Jan M Eberth, Jameson Sofge, Seul Ki Choi, Brook E Harmon, Lisa Davis, Ruby Drayton, Thomas G Hurley, Heather M Brandt, Cheryl A Armstead, James R Hébert
INTRODUCTION: Retention of racial/ethnic minority groups into research trials is necessary to fully understand and address health disparities. This study was conducted to identify participants' characteristics associated with retention of African Americans (AAs) in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a behavioral intervention. METHODS: Using data from an RCT conducted from 2009 to 2012 among AAs, participant-level factors were examined for associations with retention between three measurement points (ie, baseline, 3-month, and 12-month)...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811652/sources-of-variability-in-childhood-obesity-indicators-and-related-behaviors
#19
P T Katzmarzyk, S T Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, E V Lambert, C Maher, J Maia, T Olds, V Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke
The purpose of this study was to describe sources of variability in obesity-related variables in 6022 children aged 9-11 y from 12 countries. The study design involved recruitment of students, nested within schools, which were nested within study sites. Height, weight and waist circumference (WC) were measured and BMI was calculated; sleep duration and total and in-school moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time were measured by accelerometry; and diet scores were obtained by questionnaire...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810972/when-military-fitness-standards-no-longer-apply-the-high-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-recent-air-force-retirees
#20
Marcus M Cranston, Mark W True, Jana L Wardian, Rishawn M Carriere, Tom J Sauerwein
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. With MetS prevalence rates increasing in the U.S. population, prevention efforts have largely focused on diet and exercise interventions. Before retirement, military service members have met fitness requirements for at least 20 years, and have lower MetS rates compared to age-matched U.S. population controls (23.4% vs. 39.0%), which suggests a protective effect of the lifestyle associated with military service...
July 2017: Military Medicine
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