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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913907/development-of-a-culturally-informed-child-safety-curriculum-for-american-indian-families
#1
Ryan M Berns, Emily J Tomayko, Kate A Cronin, Ronald J Prince, Tassy Parker, Alexandra K Adams
American Indian (AI) children are disproportionately affected by unintentional injuries, with injury mortality rates approximately 2.3 times higher than the combined rates for all children in the United States. Although multiple risk factors are known to contribute to these increased rates, a comprehensive, culturally informed curriculum that emphasizes child safety is lacking for this population. In response to this need, academic and tribal researchers, tribal community members, tribal wellness staff, and national child safety experts collaborated to develop a novel child safety curriculum...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913836/association-between-waist-to-height-ratio-and-postpartum-urinary-incontinence
#2
Yan Li, Zhenyu Zhang
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Obesity is an established and variable risk factor for postpartum urinary incontinence. However, the available anthropometric measurements are not comprehensive. We hypothesized that waist-to-height ratio (WHTR), which is a good indicator of abdominal adiposity, would be associated with postpartum urinary incontinence. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, we recruited 1,137 women who were invited to visit our hospital outpatient service for a pelvic floor examination...
December 2, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913605/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-is-associated-with-early-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-childhood-acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-survivors
#3
Maurizio Delvecchio, Paola Muggeo, Mariantonietta Monteduro, Giuseppe Lassandro, Chiara Novielli, Federica Valente, Emanuela Salinaro, Annapaola Zito, Marco Matteo Ciccone, Vito Leonardo Miniello, Nicola Santoro, Paola Giordano, Maria Felicia Faienza
BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) survivors have an increased risk of metabolic and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to assess the presence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in childhood ALL and if it is associated with early cardiovascular dysfunction. METHODS: In total, 53 childhood ALL survivors and 34 controls underwent auxological evaluation, biochemical assay, liver, heart and vascular ultrasound study. RESULTS: NAFLD was more frequent in ALL patients than in controls (39...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913448/targeting-inflammation-in-cancer-prevention-and-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Jelena Todoric, Laura Antonucci, Michael Karin
Inflammation is associated with the development and malignant progression of most cancers. As most of the cell types involved in cancer-associated inflammation are genetically stable and thus are not subjected to rapid emergence of drug resistance, the targeting of inflammation represents an attractive strategy both for cancer prevention and for cancer therapy. Tumor-extrinsic inflammation is caused by many factors, including bacterial and viral infections, autoimmune diseases, obesity, tobacco smoking, asbestos exposure, and excessive alcohol consumption, all of which increase cancer risk and stimulate malignant progression...
December 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912924/obesity-as-a-mediator-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-blood-pressure-in-preschoolers
#5
Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Mairena Sánchez-López, Iván Cavero-Redondo, Ana Torres-Costoso, Alberto Bermejo-Cantarero, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relationships between body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and blood pressure (BP), and to examine whether obesity acts as a mediator between fitness and BP in children. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis using a population-based sample of 1604 school children aged 4-7 years attending 21 schools from the provinces of Ciudad Real and Cuenca, Spain, was undertaken. Data on anthropometric variables, BP measurements, and CRF were collected...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912761/relationship-between-weight-status-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-primary-school-children-in-guangzhou-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Wei Liu, Rong Lin, Weijia Liu, Zhongshan Guo, Lihua Xiong, Bai Li, K K Cheng, Peymane Adab, Miranda Pallan
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between weight status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among pupils in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: The study comprised 5781 children aged 8-12 years from 29 schools. Height and weight were objectively measured using standardized methods, and BMI z-score derived using the age and sex specific WHO reference 2007 for 5-19 years. Weight status was classified as underweight (<-2SD), healthy weight (between -2SD and 1SD), overweight/obesity (>1SD)...
December 3, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912742/secular-trends-and-correlates-of-physical-activity-the-troms%C3%A3-study-1979-2008
#7
Bente Morseth, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Nina Emaus, Tom Wilsgaard, Lone Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: The aim was to describe secular trends in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and work related physical activity (WPA) from 1979 to 2008. Additionally, we explored potential cross-sectional and longitudinal correlates of LTPA and WPA. METHODS: Data are collected from 34,898 individuals (49.7% men) aged >20 years who participated in at least one Tromsø Study survey between 1979 and 2008. In each survey, the participants completed a self-administered questionnaire and underwent physical examinations...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912741/impact-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-nutritional-education-and-physical-activity-in-primary-public-schools-in-chile-kind-programme-study-protocol-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Nelly Bustos, Sonia Olivares, Bárbara Leyton, Marcelo Cano, Cecilia Albala
BACKGROUND: Chile has suffered a fast increase in childhood obesity in the last 10 years. As a result, several school programmes have been implemented, however the effectiveness of these needs to be evaluated to identify and prioritize strategies to curve this trend. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Twelve primary public schools chosen at random over three regions of the country will take part in this study. The sample size consisted of a total of 1,655 children...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911984/home-visitation-programs-an-untapped-opportunity-for-the-delivery-of-early-childhood-obesity-prevention
#9
S-J Salvy, K de la Haye, T Galama, M I Goran
BACKGROUND: Extant obesity efforts have had limited impact among low-income underserved children, in part because of limitations inherent to existing programs: (i) short duration and low intensity; (ii) late timing of implementation, when children are already overweight or obese; (iii) intervention delivery limiting their accessibility and sustainability; and (iv) failure to address barriers such as a lack of culturally competent services, poverty and housing instability, which interfere with healthy lifestyle changes...
December 2, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911357/characterization-of-metabolic-status-in-nonhuman-primates-with-the-intravenous-glucose-tolerance-test
#10
Michael Staup, George Aoyagi, TeQuana Bayless, Yixin Wang, Keefe Chng
The intravenous glucose tolerance test (IVGTT) plays a key role in the characterization of glucose homeostasis. When taken together with serum biochemical profiles, inclusive of blood glucose levels in both the fed and fasted state, HbA1c, insulin levels, clinical history of diet, body composition, and body weight status, an assessment of normal and abnormal glycemic control can be made. Interpretation of an IVGTT is done through measurement of changes in glucose and insulin levels over time in relation to the dextrose challenge...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910901/risk-factors-for-endometrial-cancer-results-from-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#11
Maryam Ghanbari Andarieh, Mouloud Agajani Delavar, Dariush Moslemi, Sedighe Esmaeilzadeh
Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association between endometrial cancer and possible etiological agents. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Iran between March 2012 and May 2016. The demographic and reproductive factors of 205 women with endometrial cancer were compared, and 590 healthy cases were participated in the control group. For each endometrial cancer case, there were three controls, who were matched in terms of age and residence. The data were considered significant at p ≤0...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909905/obesity-and-endometrial-cancer
#12
Eileen Shaw, Megan Farris, Jessica McNeil, Christine Friedenreich
Endometrial cancer is the sixth most common cancer in women worldwide and the most common gynecologic malignancy in the developed world. This chapter explores the current epidemiologic evidence on the association between obesity and endometrial cancer risk and mortality. Using body mass index (BMI) as a measure of obesity, we found that obesity (defined as BMI > 30 and < 35 kg/m(2)) was associated with a 2.6-fold increase in endometrial cancer risk, while severe obesity (BMI > 35 kg/m(2)) was associated with a 4...
2016: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909562/educating-restaurant-owners-and-cooks-to-lower-their-own-sodium-intake-is-a-potential-strategy-for-reducing-the-sodium-contents-of-restaurant-foods-a-small-scale-pilot-study-in-south-korea
#13
Sohyun Park, Heeseung Lee, Dong-Il Seo, Kwang-Hwan Oh, Taik Gun Hwang, Bo Youl Choi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of a sodium reduction program at local restaurants through nutrition education and examination of the health of restaurant owners and cooks. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The study was a single-arm pilot intervention using a pre-post design in one business district with densely populated restaurants in Seoul, South Korea. The intervention focused on improving nutrition behaviors and psychosocial factors through education, health examination, and counseling of restaurant personnel...
December 2016: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909377/association-between-body-composition-and-sport-injury-in-canadian-adolescents
#14
Allison M Ezzat, Amy Schneeberg, Mieke Koehoorn, Carolyn A Emery
Purpose: To examine the association between overweight or obesity and sport injury in a population-based sample of Canadian adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were performed using the Canadian Community Health Survey (2009-2010), a nationally representative sample (n=12,407) of adolescents aged 12-19 years. Body composition was quantified using BMI, grouping participants into healthy weight, overweight, or obese. The outcome of interest was acute or repetitive strain injury sustained during sport in the previous year...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909015/diabetic-human-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-fail-to-differentiate-in-functional-adipocytes
#15
Ignazio Barbagallo, Giovanni Li Volti, Fabio Galvano, Guido Tettamanti, Francesca R Pluchinotta, Sonia Bergante, Luca Vanella
Adipose tissue dysfunction represents a hallmark of diabetic patients and is a consequence of the altered homeostasis of this tissue. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and their differentiation into adipocytes contribute significantly in maintaining the mass and function of adult adipose tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differentiation of MSCs from patients suffering type 2 diabetes (dASC) and how such process results in hyperplasia or rather a stop of adipocyte turnover resulting in hypertrophy of mature adipocytes...
November 30, 2016: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908263/prevalence-and-predictors-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-patients-with-pituitary-dysfunctions
#16
Birgit Harbeck, Sven Danneberg, Amir Hossein Rahvar, Heiner Mönig, Christian Stefan Haas
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypothalamic-pituitary disorders (HPD) may be of increased risk to develop overweight and obesity, thereby fostering cardiovascular events. However, it remains unclear if patients with pituitary dysfunctions per se have an increased risk of becoming obese. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate prevalence and to identify possible predictors of overweight and obesity in patients with pituitary dysfunctions. METHODS: A total of 121 out-patients having various causes for HPD were assessed for height and body weight; body mass index (BMI) was calculated and correlated with clinical features...
November 30, 2016: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907186/inter-tissue-gene-co-expression-networks-between-metabolically-healthy-and-unhealthy-obese-individuals
#17
Lisette J A Kogelman, Jingyuan Fu, Lude Franke, Jan Willem Greve, Marten Hofker, Sander S Rensen, Haja N Kadarmideen
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with severe co-morbidities such as type 2 diabetes and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. However, studies have shown that 10-25 percent of the severely obese individuals are metabolically healthy. To date, the identification of genetic factors underlying the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) state is limited. Systems genetics approaches have led to the identification of genes and pathways in complex diseases. Here, we have used such approaches across tissues to detect genes and pathways involved in obesity-induced disease development...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905955/future-healthy-life-expectancy-among-older-adults-in-the-us-a-forecast-based-on-cohort-smoking-and-obesity-history
#18
Bochen Cao
BACKGROUND: In the past three decades, the elderly population in the United States experienced increase in life expectancy (LE) and disability-free life expectancy (LE(ND)), but decrease in life expectancy with disability (LE(D)). Smoking and obesity are two major risk factors that had negative impacts on these trends. While smoking prevalence continues to decline in recent decades, obesity prevalence has been growing and is currently at a high level. This study aims to forecast the healthy life expectancy for older adults aged 55 to 85 in the US from 2011 to 2040, in relation to their smoking and obesity history...
July 12, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905531/a-indicator-of-visceral-adipose-dysfunction-to-evaluate-metabolic-health-in-adult-chinese
#19
Ming-Feng Xia, Ying Chen, Huan-Dong Lin, Hui Ma, Xiao-Ming Li, Qiqige Aleteng, Qian Li, Dan Wang, Yu Hu, Bai-Shen Pan, Xue-Jun Li, Xiao-Ying Li, Xin Gao
Visceral adipose dysfunction is a major cause of metabolic disorders. However, there is lack of a clinical index for prediction of visceral fat dysfunction in Asians. The present study aims to establish a visceral adiposity index for evaluation of metabolic health status in Chinese, the largest Asian ethnic group. 485 subjects were recruited from Lianqian Community, Xiamen and received abdominal computed tomography(CT) for visceral fat area. A Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) was created using multivariate linear regression analyses, and was further validated in 6495 subjects recruited from Changfeng Community, Shanghai...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905062/addressing-childhood-obesity-through-multisector-collaborations-evaluation-of-a-national-quality-improvement-effort
#20
Margaret B Hargreaves, Cara Orfield, Todd Honeycutt, Michaela Vine, Charlotte Cabili, Brandon Coffee-Borden, Michaella Morzuch, Lydie A Lebrun-Harris, Sylvia K Fisher
The Healthy Weight Collaborative (HWC) represents a national quality improvement effort to increase uptake of evidence-based community-based interventions to address obesity among children. Implemented from 2011 to 2013, the HWC built the capacity of 49 community-based multisector teams (10 teams in the Phase 1 pilot, 39 teams in Phase 2), delivered services to support health behavior changes in children and families, and implemented sustainable social and environmental policy change at the organizational and community levels...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Community Health
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