keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tissue specific protein interactions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108221/sirtuin-1-independent-effects-of-resveratrol-in-ins-1e-%C3%AE-cells
#1
Cihan S Erdogan, Mathias Mørup-Lendal, Louise T Dalgaard, Ole Vang
Resveratrol (Resv), a natural polyphenol, is suggested to have various health benefits including improved insulin sensitivity. Resv activates Sirtuin (Sirt1) in several species and tissues. Sirt1 is a protein deacetylase with an important role in ageing, metabolism and β-cell function. In insulinoma β-cells (INS-1E), Resv is previously shown to improve glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in a Sirt1-dependent mechanism and to protect against β-cell dedifferentiation in non-human primates, while inducing hypertrophy in myoblasts...
January 17, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107769/the-transcriptional-modulator-ifrd1-controls-pgc-1%C3%AE-expression-under-short-term-adrenergic-stimulation-in-brown-adipocytes
#2
Gyujin Park, Tetsuhiro Horie, Takashi Kanayama, Kazuya Fukasawa, Takashi Iezaki, Yuki Onishi, Kakeru Ozaki, Yukari Nakamura, Yukio Yoneda, Takeshi Takarada, Eiichi Hinoi
Sympathetic tone activates the function of classical brown adipocytes, which constitutively exist in the brown adipose tissue, and inducible brown adipocytes (so-called beige adipocytes), which sporadically reside within the white adipose tissue. Here we identified the transcriptional modulator interferon-related developmental regulator 1 (Ifrd1) as a negative regulator of thermogenic and mitochondrial gene expression in brown adipocytes. Ifrd1 expression was markedly induced by cold exposure and administration of CL-316243 (a β3 adrenergic agonist) in interscapular brown adipose and inguinal subcutaneous white adipose tissues, but not in epididymal visceral white adipose tissue, in vivo...
January 20, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105929/a-compendium-of-human-genes-regulating-feeding-behavior-and-body-weight-its-functional-characterization-and-identification-of-gwas-genes-involved-in-brain-specific-ppi-network
#3
Elena V Ignatieva, Dmitry A Afonnikov, Olga V Saik, Evgeny I Rogaev, Nikolay A Kolchanov
BACKGROUND: Obesity is heritable. It predisposes to many diseases. The objectives of this study were to create a compendium of genes relevant to feeding behavior (FB) and/or body weight (BW) regulation; to construct and to analyze networks formed by associations between genes/proteins; and to identify the most significant genes, biological processes/pathways, and tissues/organs involved in BW regulation. RESULTS: The compendium of genes controlling FB or BW includes 578 human genes...
December 22, 2016: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104696/systematic-characterization-of-human-testis-specific-actin-capping-protein-%C3%AE-3-as-a-possible-biomarker-for-male-infertility
#4
T Soda, Y Miyagawa, N Ueda, K Takezawa, H Okuda, S Fukuhara, K Fujita, H Kiuchi, M Uemura, Y Okamoto, A Tsujimura, H Tanaka, N Nonomura
STUDY QUESTION: Is actin capping protein (CP) β3 involved in human spermatogenesis and male infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Human CPβ3 (hCPβ3) is expressed in testis, changes its localization dynamically during spermatogenesis, and has some association with male infertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The testis-specific α subunit of CP (CPα3) was previously identified in human, and mutations in the cpα3 gene in mouse were shown to induce malformation of the sperm head and male infertility...
January 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100850/molecular-characteristic-and-physiological-role-of-dopa-decarboxylase
#5
Joanna Guenter, Robert Lenartowski
The enzyme DOPA decarboxylase (aromatic-L-amino-acid decarboxylase, DDC) plays an important role in the dopaminergic system and participates in the uptake and decarboxylation of amine precursors in the peripheral tissues. Apart from catecholamines, DDC catalyses the biosynthesis of serotonin and trace amines. It has been shown that the DDC amino acid sequence is highly evolutionarily conserved across many species. The activity of holoenzyme is regulated by stimulation/blockade of membrane receptors, phosphorylation of serine residues, and DDC interaction with regulatory proteins...
December 31, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099190/coagulation-imbalance-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-older-hiv-adults-on-suppressive-antiretroviral-therapy
#6
Jessica L Montoya, Jennifer Iudicello, Hannah A Oppenheim, Pariya L Fazeli, Michael Potter, Qing Ma, Paul J Mills, Ronald J Ellis, Igor Grant, Scott L Letendre, David J Moore
OBJECTIVES: To compare plasma biomarkers of coagulation between HIV-infected individuals and HIV-uninfected controls and to assess the impact of disturbances in coagulation on neurocognitive functioning in HIV. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 66 antiretroviral therapy-treated virally suppressed HIV-infected and 34 HIV-uninfected older (≥50 years of age) adults. METHODS: Participants completed standardized neurobehavioral and neuromedical assessments...
January 17, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098909/biology-and-function-of-glypican-3-as-a-candidate-for-early-cancerous-transformation-of-hepatocytes-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-review
#7
Mauro Montalbano, Jeremias Georgiadis, Ashlyn L Masterson, Joshua T McGuire, Janika Prajapati, Ali Shirafkan, Cristiana Rastellini, Luca Cicalese
Glypican-3 (GPC-3), a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG), has recently been investigated as a player in tissue-dependent cellular signaling, specifically as a regulator of growth. Noteworthy, the regulatory protein has been implicated in both stimulatory and inhibitory pathways involving cell growth. Initially, GPC-3 was thought to act as a cell cycle regulator, as a loss-of-function mutation in the gene caused a hyper-proliferative state known as Simpson-Golabi-Behmel (SGB) overgrowth syndrome...
January 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098764/iqgap1-in-podosomes-invadosomes-is-involved-in-the-progression-of-glioblastoma-multiforme-depending-on-the-tumor-status
#8
Deborah Rotoli, Natalia Dolores Pérez-Rodríguez, Manuel Morales, María Del Carmen Maeso, Julio Ávila, Ali Mobasheri, Pablo Martín-Vasallo
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent and aggressive primary brain tumor. GBM is formed by a very heterogeneous astrocyte population, neurons, neovascularization and infiltrating myeloid cells (microglia and monocyte derived macrophages). The IQGAP1 scaffold protein interacts with components of the cytoskeleton, cell adhesion molecules, and several signaling molecules to regulate cell morphology and motility, cell cycle and other cellular functions. IQGAP1 overexpression and delocalization has been observed in several tumors, suggesting a role for this protein in cell proliferation, transformation and invasion...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095296/diverse-role-of-survival-motor-neuron-protein
#9
REVIEW
Ravindra N Singh, Matthew D Howell, Eric W Ottesen, Natalia N Singh
The multifunctional Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) protein is required for the survival of all organisms of the animal kingdom. SMN impacts various aspects of RNA metabolism through the formation and/or interaction with ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. SMN regulates biogenesis of small nuclear RNPs, small nucleolar RNPs, small Cajal body-associated RNPs, signal recognition particles and telomerase. SMN also plays an important role in DNA repair, transcription, pre-mRNA splicing, histone mRNA processing, translation, selenoprotein synthesis, macromolecular trafficking, stress granule formation, cell signaling and cytoskeleton maintenance...
January 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094501/artificial-cells-synthetic-compartments-with-life-like-functionality-and-adaptivity
#10
Bastiaan C Buddingh', Jan C M van Hest
Cells are highly advanced microreactors that form the basis of all life. Their fascinating complexity has inspired scientists to create analogs from synthetic and natural components using a bottom-up approach. The ultimate goal here is to assemble a fully man-made cell that displays functionality and adaptivity as advanced as that found in nature, which will not only provide insight into the fundamental processes in natural cells but also pave the way for new applications of such artificial cells. In this Account, we highlight our recent work and that of others on the construction of artificial cells...
January 17, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090561/diversity-in-rotavirus-host-glycan-interactions-a-sweet-spectrum
#11
REVIEW
Sasirekha Ramani, Liya Hu, B V Venkataram Prasad, Mary K Estes
Interaction with cellular glycans is a critical initial step in the pathogenesis of many infectious agents. Technological advances in glycobiology have expanded the repertoire of studies delineating host glycan-pathogen interactions. For rotavirus, the VP8* domain of the outer capsid spike protein VP4 is known to interact with cellular glycans. Sialic acid was considered the key cellular attachment factor for rotaviruses for decades. Although this is true for many rotavirus strains causing infections in animals, glycan array screens show that many human rotavirus strains bind nonsialylated glycoconjugates, called histo-blood group antigens, in a strain-specific manner...
May 2016: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088612/alterations-in-cytokine-gene-expression-profile-in-colon-mucosa-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-on-different-therapeutic-regimens
#12
Tsvetelina Velikova, Dobroslav Kyurkchiev, Zoya Spassova, Iliya Karakolev, Ekaterina Ivanova-Todorova, Iskra Altankova, Spaska Stanilova
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is assumed to be caused by genetic and environmental factors that interact together in promoting intestinal immune dysregulation where cytokines have validated role. However, the underlying intimate mechanisms in the human IBD involving cytokines still needs to be supplemented especially in the clinical context. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of some inflammatory and regulatory cytokines (IL-17A, IL-23, IL-6, TGFβ1, and IL-10) as well as of the transcription factor FoxP3 in mucosal samples of IBD and non-IBD patients...
January 12, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087714/dlg5-connects-cell-polarity-and-hippo-signaling-protein-networks-by-linking-par-1-with-mst1-2
#13
Julian Kwan, Anna Sczaniecka, Emad Heidary Arash, Liem Nguyen, Chia-Chun Chen, Srdjana Ratkovic, Olga Klezovitch, Liliana Attisano, Helen McNeill, Andrew Emili, Valeri Vasioukhin
Disruption of apical-basal polarity is implicated in developmental disorders and cancer; however, the mechanisms connecting cell polarity proteins with intracellular signaling pathways are largely unknown. We determined previously that membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) protein discs large homolog 5 (DLG5) functions in cell polarity and regulates cellular proliferation and differentiation via undefined mechanisms. We report here that DLG5 functions as an evolutionarily conserved scaffold and negative regulator of Hippo signaling, which controls organ size through the modulation of cell proliferation and differentiation...
December 15, 2016: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078912/unaltered-glutamate-transporter-1-protein-levels-in-aquaporin-4-knockout-mice
#14
Jacqueline A Hubbard, Devin K Binder
Maintenance of glutamate and water homeostasis in the brain is crucial to healthy brain activity. Astrocytic glutamate transporter-1 (GLT1) and aquaporin-4 (AQP4) are the main regulators of extracellular glutamate and osmolarity, respectively. Several studies have reported colocalization of GLT1 and AQP4, but the existence of a physical interaction between the two has not been well studied. Therefore, we used coimmunoprecipitation to determine whether a strong interaction exists between these two important molecules in mice on both a CD1 and C57BL/6 background...
February 2017: ASN Neuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077642/studies-on-the-interaction-of-tumor-derived-hd5-alpha-defensins-with-adenoviruses-and-implications-for-oncolytic-adenovirus-therapy
#15
Charles Vragniau, Jens-Martin Hübner, Peter Beidler, Sucheol Gil, Kamola Saydaminova, Zhuo-Zhuang Lu, Roma Yumul, Hongjie Wang, Maximilian Richter, Pavel Sova, Charles Drescher, Pascal Fender, André Lieber
: Defensins are small anti-microbial peptides capable of neutralizing human adenovirus (HAdV) in vitro by binding capsid proteins and blocking endosomal escape of virus. In humans, the alpha defensin HD5 is produced by specialized epithelial cells of the gastro-intestinal and genito-urinary tracts. Here we demonstrate that HD5 is also expressed as an active, secreted peptide by epithelial ovarian and lung cancer cells in situ, in patient biopsies. This finding triggered us to study the role of HD5 in infection and spread of replication-competent, oncolytic HAdV type 3 virus...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077358/biological-signaling-by-carbon-monoxide-and-carbon-monoxide-releasing-molecules-co-rms
#16
Roberto Motterlini, Roberta Foresti
Carbon monoxide (CO) is continuously produced in mammalian cells during degradation of heme. It is a stable gaseous molecule that reacts selectively with transition metals in a specific redox state and these characteristics restrict the interaction of CO with defined biological targets that transduce its signaling activity. Because of the high affinity of CO for ferrous heme, these targets can be grouped into heme-containing proteins, representing a large variety of sensors and enzymes with a series of diverse function in the cell and the organism...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076326/cytosolic-thumpd1-promotes-breast-cancer-cells-invasion-and-metastasis-via-the-akt-gsk3-snail-pathway
#17
Xiupeng Zhang, Guiyang Jiang, Mingfang Sun, Haijing Zhou, Yuan Miao, Mengyuan Liang, Enhua Wang, Yong Zhang
Human THUMP domain-containing protein 1 (THUMPD1) is a specific adaptor protein that modulates tRNA acetylation through interaction with NAT10. Immunohistochemical analysis of 146 breast cancer specimens (82 triple-negative and 64 non-triple-negative cases) indicated THUMPD1 expression is higher in breast cancer tissues (60.9%, 89/146) than normal breast tissues (28.3%, 15/53; p < 0.001). Overall and cytosolic, but not nuclear, THUMPD1 expression in breast cancer correlated with advanced TNM stage (p = 0...
January 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074922/soybean-cyclophilin-gmcyp1-interacts-with-an-isoflavonoid-regulator-gmmyb176
#18
Hemanta Raj Mainali, Arun Kumaran Anguraj Vadivel, Xuyan Li, Mark Gijzen, Sangeeta Dhaubhadel
Cyclophilins (CYPs) belong to the immunophilin superfamily with peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase) activity. They catalyze the interconversion of the cis- and trans-rotamers of the peptidyl-prolyl amide bond of peptides. A yeast-two-hybrid screening using the isoflavonoid regulator GmMYB176 as bait identified GmCYP1 as one of the interacting proteins in soybean embryos. GmCYP1 localizes both in the nucleus and cytoplasm, and interacts in planta with GmMYB176, in the nucleus, and with SGF14l (a soybean 14-3-3 protein) in the nucleus and the cytoplasm...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074264/nacl-stress-induces-cssams-gene-expression-in-cucumis-sativus-by-mediating-the-binding-of-csgt-3b-to-the-gt-1-element-within-the-cssams-promoter
#19
Li-Wei Wang, Mei-Wen He, Shi-Rong Guo, Min Zhong, Sheng Shu, Jin Sun
The CsSAMs promoter is a salt-stress-inducible promoter containing three GT-1 elements that are sufficient for the salt-stress response. The transcription factor CsGT-3b was found to bind to the GT-1 element. The S-adenosyl-L-methionine synthase (SAMs) gene is among the functional genes induced during environmental stress. However, little is known about the regulatory mechanism and upstream regulators of this salt-inducible gene in cucumber plants. Thus, it is necessary to understand the characteristics of the SAMs gene by analyzing its promoter and transcription factors...
January 10, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071181/cd8-t-cells-mediate-the-regenerative-pth-effect-in-hpdl-cells-via-wnt10b-signaling
#20
Michael Wolf, Stefan Lossdörfer, Jana Marciniak, Piero Römer, Christian Kirschneck, Rogerio Craveiro, James Deschner, Andreas Jäger
It was the aim of the present investigation to examine whether the stimulating effect of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on human periodontal ligament (hPDL) cell proliferation and differentiation would be enhanced by hPDL/T-cell interaction involving Wnt10b signaling as a mediating pathway. hPDL cells were cultured from healthy premolar tissues of three adolescent orthodontic patients and exposed to PTH(1-34) in monocultures or co-cultures with CD8(+) T cells. At harvest, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase-specific activity (ALP), and osteocalcin production were determined by immunofluorescence cytochemistry, real-time PCR, biochemical assay, and ELISA...
November 2016: Innate Immunity
keyword
keyword
6564
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"