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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803488/a-survey-of-introductory-statistics-courses-at-university-faculties-of-pharmaceutical-sciences-in-japan
#1
Mina Matsumura, Takuto Nakayama, Takashi Sozu
 A survey of introductory statistics courses at Japanese medical schools was published as a report in 2014. To obtain a complete understanding of the way in which statistics is taught at the university level in Japan, it is important to extend this survey to related fields, including pharmacy, dentistry, and nursing. The current study investigates the introductory statistics courses offered by faculties of pharmaceutical sciences (six-year programs) at Japanese universities, comparing the features of these courses with those studied in the survey of medical schools...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784531/herd-effect-from-influenza-vaccination-in-non-healthcare-settings-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-and-observational-studies
#2
Dominik Mertz, Shaza A Fadel, Po-Po Lam, Dat Tran, Jocelyn A Srigley, Sandra A Asner, Michelle Science, Stefan P Kuster, Johannes Nemeth, Jennie Johnstone, Justin R Ortiz, Mark Loeb
Influenza vaccination programmes are assumed to have a herd effect and protect contacts of vaccinated persons from influenza virus infection. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Global Health and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from inception to March 2014 for studies assessing the protective effect of influenza vaccination vs no vaccination on influenza virus infections in contacts. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a random-effects model...
October 20, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648199/effect-of-education-of-principles-of-drug-prescription-and-calculation-through-lecture-and-designed-multimedia-software-on-nursing-students-learning-outcomes
#3
Sousan Valizadeh, Hossein Feizalahzadeh, Mina Avari, Faza Virani
INTRODUCTION: Medication errors are risk factors for patients' health and may have irrecoverable effects. These errors include medication miscalculations by nurses and nursing students. This study aimed to design a multimedia application in the field of education for drug calculations in order to compare its effectiveness with the lecture method. METHODS: This study selected 82 nursing students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in their second and third semesters in 2015...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629283/community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#4
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513824/mobile-clinics-for-women-s-and-children-s-health
#5
REVIEW
Hany Abdel-Aleem, Omaima M H El-Gibaly, Amira F E-S El-Gazzar, Ghada S T Al-Attar
BACKGROUND: The accessibility of health services is an important factor that affects the health outcomes of populations. A mobile clinic provides a wide range of services but in most countries the main focus is on health services for women and children. It is anticipated that improvement of the accessibility of health services via mobile clinics will improve women's and children's health. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of mobile clinic services on women's and children's health...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456352/implementing-guidelines-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review
#6
Heinz Diehl, Birgitte Graverholt, Birgitte Espehaug, Hans Lund
BACKGROUND: Research on guideline implementation strategies has mostly been conducted in settings which differ significantly from a nursing home setting and its transferability to the nursing home setting is therefore limited. The objective of this study was to systematically review the effects of interventions to improve the implementation of guidelines in nursing homes. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, DARE, HTA, CENTRAL, SveMed + and ISI Web of Science from their inception until August 2015...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400355/ability-of-hiv-advocacy-to-modify-behavioral-norms-and-treatment-impact-a-systematic-review
#7
Bruno F Sunguya, Murallitharan Munisamy, Sathirakorn Pongpanich, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: HIV advocacy programs are partly responsible for the global community's success in reducing the burden of HIV. The rising wave of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has prompted the World Health Organization to espouse NCD advocacy efforts as a possible preventive strategy. HIV and NCDs share some similarities in their chronicity and risky behaviors, which are their associated etiology. Therefore, pooled evidence on the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs and ideas shared could be replicated and applied during the conceptualization of NCD advocacy programs...
August 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398809/central-venous-catheter-cvc-removal-for-patients-of-all-ages-with-candidaemia
#8
REVIEW
Susanne Janum, Arash Afshari
BACKGROUND: Candida bloodstream infections most often affect those already suffering serious, potentially life-threatening conditions and often cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most affected persons have a central venous catheter (CVC) in place. The best CVC management in these cases has been widely debated in recent years, while the incidence of candidaemia has markedly increased. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this review is to examine the impact of removing versus retaining a CVC on mortality in adults and children with candidaemia who have a CVC in place...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378094/integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-imci-strategy-for-children-under-five
#9
REVIEW
Tarun Gera, Dheeraj Shah, Paul Garner, Marty Richardson, Harshpal S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: More than 7.5 million children younger than age five living in low- and middle-income countries die every year. The World Health Organization (WHO) developed the integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) strategy to reduce mortality and morbidity and to improve quality of care by improving the delivery of a variety of curative and preventive medical and behavioral interventions at health facilities, at home, and in the community. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of programs that implement the IMCI strategy in terms of death, nutritional status, quality of care, coverage with IMCI deliverables, and satisfaction of beneficiaries...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310343/ability-of-hiv-advocacy-to-modify-behavioral-norms-and-treatment-impact-a-systematic-review
#10
Bruno F Sunguya, Murallitharan Munisamy, Sathirakorn Pongpanich, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: HIV advocacy programs are partly responsible for the global community's success in reducing the burden of HIV. The rising wave of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has prompted the World Health Organization to espouse NCD advocacy efforts as a possible preventive strategy. HIV and NCDs share some similarities in their chronicity and risky behaviors, which are their associated etiology. Therefore, pooled evidence on the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs and ideas shared could be replicated and applied during the conceptualization of NCD advocacy programs...
August 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297379/appreciative-inquiry-as-an-intervention-to-change-nursing-practice-in-in-patient-settings-an-integrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Sarah Watkins, Belinda Dewar, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: High profile accounts of failures in patient care reflect an urgent need for transformational development in healthcare. Appreciative Inquiry is promoted as an approach to exploring and bringing about change in social systems. Appreciative Inquiry has been used extensively in North American business since the late 1980s. The application of Appreciative Inquiry may have merit in the complex world of human health experiences. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesise the evidence about the impact of Appreciative Inquiry on changing clinical nursing practice in in-patient settings...
August 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111831/non-surgical-interventions-for-late-rectal-problems-proctopathy-of-radiotherapy-in-people-who-have-received-radiotherapy-to-the-pelvis
#12
REVIEW
Fleur T van de Wetering, Leen Verleye, H Jervoise N Andreyev, Jane Maher, Joan Vlayen, Bradley R Pieters, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Rob J P M Scholten
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2007. Late radiation rectal problems (proctopathy) include bleeding, pain, faecal urgency, and incontinence and may develop after pelvic radiotherapy treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of non-surgical interventions for managing late radiation proctopathy. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 11, 2015); MEDLINE (Ovid); EMBASE (Ovid); CANCERCD; Science Citation Index; and CINAHL from inception to November 2015...
April 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27102729/bsn-program-admittance-criteria-should-emotional-intelligence-be-included
#13
Tanya Smith
: Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to identify and monitor emotions and remain aware of how emotions affect thoughts and actions. Emotional intelligence has been discussed as a better predictor of personal and occupational success than performance on intellectual intelligence tests. PROBLEM: Despite the importance of one's emotional intelligence, BSN (Bachelor of Science in Nursing) nursing schools routinely admit candidates based on the student's cumulative college course grade point average (GPA)...
April 22, 2016: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069788/impact-of-paid-work-on-the-academic-performance-of-nursing-students
#14
Mery Constanza García-Vargas, Mercedes Rizo-Baeza, Ernesto Cortés-Castell
UNLABELLED: Background. Little research exists on the impact of paid work on academic performance of students of health sciences. No research exists on this subject for students in Colombia. Objectives. This paper seeks to analyze the impact of paid work on academic performance among nursing students. DESIGN, SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: cross-sectional research, involving 430 of nursing students from the National University of Colombia (N = 566). Methods. Variables analyzed: sex, age, work activity, attendance, current semester, degree subjects studied and unavailable, lost credits, grades during the second semester of 2013, and delayed semesters...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023893/the-relationship-between-the-california-critical-thinking-disposition-inventory-and-student-learning-outcomes-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#15
Lisabeth Meade Searing, Wendy Carter Kooken
BACKGROUND: Critical thinking is the foundation for nurses' decision making. One school of nursing used the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) to document improvement in critical thinking dispositions. METHOD: A retrospective study of 96 nursing students' records examined the relationships between the CCTDI and learning outcomes. Correlational statistics assessed relationships between CCTDI scores and cumulative grade point averages (GPA) and scores on two Health Education Systems Incorporated (HESI) examinations...
April 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26981459/ame-survey-003-a2-on-the-attractiveness-of-an-medicine-career-in-current-china-with-a-survey-of-7-508-medical-professionals-and-443-non-medical-professionals
#16
Yì Xiáng J Wáng, Yáo T Li
This is a part of the study of AME survey-003, aiming to understand the motivation and attractiveness of a career in medicine in China. The surveys were conducted on DXY platform with 3,564 medical professionals during October 26 to November 20; on Sojump platform with 1,587 medical professionals during October 28 to December 14, and 443 non-medical professionals during November 15 to December, all in 2015. Similar to our previous result, the not regretted participants vs. regretted participants (N/Y) ratio was 1...
February 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871892/ce-original-research-end-of-life-care-behind-bars-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Rachel K Wion, Susan J Loeb
: To conduct a systematic review of the published research literature on end-of-life (EOL) care in prisons in order to determine the current state of the science and suggest implications for nursing practice and areas for future research.Applying the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we performed a comprehensive search of the literature using the following databases: CINAHL, Criminal Justice Abstracts, the National Criminal Justice Reference Service, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Sociological Abstracts...
March 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869595/play-based-interventions-improve-physical-function-for-people-with-adult-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Nicola Saywell, Nick Taylor, Emma Rodgers, Luke Skinner, Mark Boocock
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of play-based interventions compared to traditional therapy in rehabilitation of adults with adult-acquired brain injury. DATA SOURCES: The search was performed using Medline; Cinahl Plus; Health Source (Nursing/Academic Edition); Psychology and behavioural sciences collection; Biomedical reference collection (basic). REVIEW METHODS: Studies included were randomised controlled trials that investigated the effect of play-based interventions on physical function of adults with adult acquired brain injury...
February 11, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26760047/interventions-for-promoting-reintegration-and-reducing-harmful-behaviour-and-lifestyles-in-street-connected-children-and-young-people
#19
REVIEW
Esther Coren, Rosa Hossain, Jordi Pardo Pardo, Brittany Bakker
BACKGROUND: Millions of street-connected children and young people worldwide live or work in street environments. They are vulnerable to many risks, whether or not they remain connected to families of origin, and despite many strengths and resiliencies, they are excluded from mainstream social structures and opportunities. OBJECTIVES: Primary research objectivesTo evaluate and summarise the effectiveness of interventions for street-connected children and young people that aim to:• promote inclusion and reintegration;• increase literacy and numeracy;• facilitate access to education and employment;• promote mental health, including self esteem;• reduce harms associated with early sexual activity and substance misuse...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26649916/levonorgestrel-intrauterine-system-for-endometrial-protection-in-women-with-breast-cancer-on-adjuvant-tamoxifen
#20
REVIEW
Sally Dominick, Martha Hickey, Jason Chin, H Irene Su
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant tamoxifen reduces the risk of breast cancer recurrence in women with oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Tamoxifen also increases the risk of postmenopausal bleeding, endometrial polyps, hyperplasia, and endometrial cancer. The levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) causes profound endometrial suppression. This systematic review considered the evidence that the LNG-IUS prevents the development of endometrial pathology in women taking tamoxifen as adjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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