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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#1
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012981/the-impact-of-instituting-process-oriented-guided-inquiry-learning-pogil-in-a-fundamental-nursing-course
#2
Maureen C Roller, Susan Zori
BACKGROUND: POGIL, using small groups of students, who assume the roles of leader, manager, recorder, and reflector to complete problem based activities in science courses, has demonstrated significant improvement in students' grades and course satisfaction in science courses and a nursing Fundamentals course. Using POGIL with nursing students in fundamentals nursing courses could help to improve final grades and course satisfaction while promoting active learning, critical thinking, and teamwork...
December 16, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004389/withdrawn-community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#3
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996085/supportive-interventions-for-enhancing-dietary-intake-in-malnourished-or-nutritionally-at-risk-adults
#4
REVIEW
Christine Baldwin, Katherine L Kimber, Michelle Gibbs, Christine Elizabeth Weekes
BACKGROUND: Supportive interventions such as serving meals in a dining room environment or the use of assistants to feed patients are frequently recommended for the management of nutritionally vulnerable groups. Such interventions are included in many policy and guideline documents and have implications for staff time but may incur additional costs, yet there appears to be a lack of evidence for their efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of supportive interventions for enhancing dietary intake in malnourished or nutritionally at-risk adults...
20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968919/exploring-health-literacy-in-nursing-students-of-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-the-health-literacy-questionnaire
#5
Yan Zhang, Fan Zhang, Ping Hu, Wenjie Huang, Lu Lu, Ruixue Bai, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is important in public health and health care, particularly in effective communication between patients and nurses. The aim of this study was to explore the health literacy level and its influence factors in undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional study by stratified sampling of nurses studying at the medical university in Chongqing, south-western China. Nurses had to attend class, be willing to participate, and be younger than 28 years...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803488/a-survey-of-introductory-statistics-courses-at-university-faculties-of-pharmaceutical-sciences-in-japan
#6
Mina Matsumura, Takuto Nakayama, Takashi Sozu
 A survey of introductory statistics courses at Japanese medical schools was published as a report in 2014. To obtain a complete understanding of the way in which statistics is taught at the university level in Japan, it is important to extend this survey to related fields, including pharmacy, dentistry, and nursing. The current study investigates the introductory statistics courses offered by faculties of pharmaceutical sciences (six-year programs) at Japanese universities, comparing the features of these courses with those studied in the survey of medical schools...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784531/herd-effect-from-influenza-vaccination-in-non-healthcare-settings-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-and-observational-studies
#7
REVIEW
Dominik Mertz, Shaza A Fadel, Po-Po Lam, Dat Tran, Jocelyn A Srigley, Sandra A Asner, Michelle Science, Stefan P Kuster, Johannes Nemeth, Jennie Johnstone, Justin R Ortiz, Mark Loeb
Influenza vaccination programmes are assumed to have a herd effect and protect contacts of vaccinated persons from influenza virus infection. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Global Health and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from inception to March 2014 for studies assessing the protective effect of influenza vaccination vs no vaccination on influenza virus infections in contacts. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using a random-effects model...
October 20, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648199/effect-of-education-of-principles-of-drug-prescription-and-calculation-through-lecture-and-designed-multimedia-software-on-nursing-students-learning-outcomes
#8
Sousan Valizadeh, Hossein Feizalahzadeh, Mina Avari, Faza Virani
INTRODUCTION: Medication errors are risk factors for patients' health and may have irrecoverable effects. These errors include medication miscalculations by nurses and nursing students. This study aimed to design a multimedia application in the field of education for drug calculations in order to compare its effectiveness with the lecture method. METHODS: This study selected 82 nursing students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in their second and third semesters in 2015...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629283/community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#9
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513824/mobile-clinics-for-women-s-and-children-s-health
#10
REVIEW
Hany Abdel-Aleem, Omaima M H El-Gibaly, Amira F E-S El-Gazzar, Ghada S T Al-Attar
BACKGROUND: The accessibility of health services is an important factor that affects the health outcomes of populations. A mobile clinic provides a wide range of services but in most countries the main focus is on health services for women and children. It is anticipated that improvement of the accessibility of health services via mobile clinics will improve women's and children's health. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of mobile clinic services on women's and children's health...
August 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456352/implementing-guidelines-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review
#11
Heinz Diehl, Birgitte Graverholt, Birgitte Espehaug, Hans Lund
BACKGROUND: Research on guideline implementation strategies has mostly been conducted in settings which differ significantly from a nursing home setting and its transferability to the nursing home setting is therefore limited. The objective of this study was to systematically review the effects of interventions to improve the implementation of guidelines in nursing homes. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Embase, MEDLINE, DARE, HTA, CENTRAL, SveMed + and ISI Web of Science from their inception until August 2015...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400355/ability-of-hiv-advocacy-to-modify-behavioral-norms-and-treatment-impact-a-systematic-review
#12
Bruno F Sunguya, Murallitharan Munisamy, Sathirakorn Pongpanich, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: HIV advocacy programs are partly responsible for the global community's success in reducing the burden of HIV. The rising wave of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has prompted the World Health Organization to espouse NCD advocacy efforts as a possible preventive strategy. HIV and NCDs share some similarities in their chronicity and risky behaviors, which are their associated etiology. Therefore, pooled evidence on the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs and ideas shared could be replicated and applied during the conceptualization of NCD advocacy programs...
August 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398809/central-venous-catheter-cvc-removal-for-patients-of-all-ages-with-candidaemia
#13
REVIEW
Susanne Janum, Arash Afshari
BACKGROUND: Candida bloodstream infections most often affect those already suffering serious, potentially life-threatening conditions and often cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most affected persons have a central venous catheter (CVC) in place. The best CVC management in these cases has been widely debated in recent years, while the incidence of candidaemia has markedly increased. OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this review is to examine the impact of removing versus retaining a CVC on mortality in adults and children with candidaemia who have a CVC in place...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378094/integrated-management-of-childhood-illness-imci-strategy-for-children-under-five
#14
REVIEW
Tarun Gera, Dheeraj Shah, Paul Garner, Marty Richardson, Harshpal S Sachdev
BACKGROUND: More than 7.5 million children younger than age five living in low- and middle-income countries die every year. The World Health Organization (WHO) developed the integrated management of childhood illness (IMCI) strategy to reduce mortality and morbidity and to improve quality of care by improving the delivery of a variety of curative and preventive medical and behavioral interventions at health facilities, at home, and in the community. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of programs that implement the IMCI strategy in terms of death, nutritional status, quality of care, coverage with IMCI deliverables, and satisfaction of beneficiaries...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27310343/ability-of-hiv-advocacy-to-modify-behavioral-norms-and-treatment-impact-a-systematic-review
#15
Bruno F Sunguya, Murallitharan Munisamy, Sathirakorn Pongpanich, Junko Yasuoka, Masamine Jimba
BACKGROUND: HIV advocacy programs are partly responsible for the global community's success in reducing the burden of HIV. The rising wave of the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has prompted the World Health Organization to espouse NCD advocacy efforts as a possible preventive strategy. HIV and NCDs share some similarities in their chronicity and risky behaviors, which are their associated etiology. Therefore, pooled evidence on the effectiveness of HIV advocacy programs and ideas shared could be replicated and applied during the conceptualization of NCD advocacy programs...
August 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27297379/appreciative-inquiry-as-an-intervention-to-change-nursing-practice-in-in-patient-settings-an-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Sarah Watkins, Belinda Dewar, Catriona Kennedy
BACKGROUND: High profile accounts of failures in patient care reflect an urgent need for transformational development in healthcare. Appreciative Inquiry is promoted as an approach to exploring and bringing about change in social systems. Appreciative Inquiry has been used extensively in North American business since the late 1980s. The application of Appreciative Inquiry may have merit in the complex world of human health experiences. OBJECTIVES: To identify, evaluate and synthesise the evidence about the impact of Appreciative Inquiry on changing clinical nursing practice in in-patient settings...
August 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27111831/non-surgical-interventions-for-late-rectal-problems-proctopathy-of-radiotherapy-in-people-who-have-received-radiotherapy-to-the-pelvis
#17
REVIEW
Fleur T van de Wetering, Leen Verleye, H Jervoise N Andreyev, Jane Maher, Joan Vlayen, Bradley R Pieters, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Rob J P M Scholten
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2007. Late radiation rectal problems (proctopathy) include bleeding, pain, faecal urgency, and incontinence and may develop after pelvic radiotherapy treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of non-surgical interventions for managing late radiation proctopathy. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 11, 2015); MEDLINE (Ovid); EMBASE (Ovid); CANCERCD; Science Citation Index; and CINAHL from inception to November 2015...
April 25, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27102729/bsn-program-admittance-criteria-should-emotional-intelligence-be-included
#18
Tanya Smith
: Emotional intelligence refers to the ability to identify and monitor emotions and remain aware of how emotions affect thoughts and actions. Emotional intelligence has been discussed as a better predictor of personal and occupational success than performance on intellectual intelligence tests. PROBLEM: Despite the importance of one's emotional intelligence, BSN (Bachelor of Science in Nursing) nursing schools routinely admit candidates based on the student's cumulative college course grade point average (GPA)...
January 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069788/impact-of-paid-work-on-the-academic-performance-of-nursing-students
#19
Mery Constanza García-Vargas, Mercedes Rizo-Baeza, Ernesto Cortés-Castell
UNLABELLED: Background. Little research exists on the impact of paid work on academic performance of students of health sciences. No research exists on this subject for students in Colombia. Objectives. This paper seeks to analyze the impact of paid work on academic performance among nursing students. DESIGN, SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: cross-sectional research, involving 430 of nursing students from the National University of Colombia (N = 566). Methods. Variables analyzed: sex, age, work activity, attendance, current semester, degree subjects studied and unavailable, lost credits, grades during the second semester of 2013, and delayed semesters...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27023893/the-relationship-between-the-california-critical-thinking-disposition-inventory-and-student-learning-outcomes-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#20
Lisabeth Meade Searing, Wendy Carter Kooken
BACKGROUND: Critical thinking is the foundation for nurses' decision making. One school of nursing used the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) to document improvement in critical thinking dispositions. METHOD: A retrospective study of 96 nursing students' records examined the relationships between the CCTDI and learning outcomes. Correlational statistics assessed relationships between CCTDI scores and cumulative grade point averages (GPA) and scores on two Health Education Systems Incorporated (HESI) examinations...
April 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
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