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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859764/no-347-obstetric-management-at-borderline-viability
#1
Noor Niyar N Ladhani, Radha S Chari, Michael S Dunn, Griffith Jones, Prakesh Shah, Jon F R Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this guideline was to develop consensus statements to guide clinical practice and recommendations for obstetric management of a pregnancy at borderline viability, currently defined as prior to 25+6 weeks. INTENDED USERS: Clinicians involved in the obstetric management of women whose fetus is at the borderline of viability. TARGET POPULATION: Women presenting for possible birth at borderline viability. EVIDENCE: This document presents a summary of the literature and a general consensus on the management of pregnancies at borderline viability, including maternal transfer and consultation, administration of antenatal corticosteroids and magnesium sulfate, fetal heart rate monitoring, and considerations in mode of delivery...
September 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762228/-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-pros-and-cons-of-consuming-liquids-preoperatively
#2
Fang-Tzu Lin, Tsai-Rung Lin, Chia-Wei Liao, Shu-Hui Chen
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anesthesia long time fasting, may increase patient hemodynamic instability during surgery and may affect the patient's post-surgery electrolyte balance. No meta-analysis has been conducted to explore the effects of preoperative liquid intake amount on gastric fluid PH, gastric fluid volume, surgery inhalation of pulmonary complications, and patient self-perceptions quality of care systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. PURPOSE: To assess the pros and cons of preoperative liquid intake using a systematic review of the literature...
August 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759701/pharmacological-interventions-for-preventing-dry-mouth-and-salivary-gland-dysfunction-following-radiotherapy
#3
REVIEW
Philip Riley, Anne-Marie Glenny, Fang Hua, Helen V Worthington
BACKGROUND: Salivary gland dysfunction is an 'umbrella' term for the presence of either xerostomia (subjective sensation of dryness), or salivary gland hypofunction (reduction in saliva production). It is a predictable side effect of radiotherapy to the head and neck region, and is associated with a significant impairment of quality of life. A wide range of pharmacological interventions, with varying mechanisms of action, have been used for the prevention of radiation-induced salivary gland dysfunction...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738236/early-predictors-of-study-success-in-a-dutch-advanced-nurse-practitioner-education-program-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Ercolie R Bossema, Tineke H J M Meijs, Jeroen W B Peters
BACKGROUND: Study delay and attrition are major concerns in higher education. They cost time and effort, and threaten the availability of higher qualified professionals. Knowing early what factors contribute to delay and attrition may help prevent this. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine whether student characteristics, including a literature study report grade as a proxy of cognitive abilities, predicted study success in a dual advanced nurse practitioner education program...
October 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733092/exercise-training-to-reduce-sympathetic-nerve-activity-in-heart-failure-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
María Javiera Saavedra, Fernando Romero, Jorge Roa, Iván Rodríguez-Núñez
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of exercise training on sympathetic nerve activity in heart failure patients. METHODS: A systematic review was performed. An electronic search of MEDLINE, ProQuest, SciELO, SPORTDiscus, Rehabilitation and Sport Medicine Source, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Tripdatabase, Science Direct and PEDrO was performed from their inception to February 2017. Clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies were considered for primary article selection...
July 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727896/proseal-versus-classic-laryngeal-mask-airway-lma-for-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-adults-undergoing-elective-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Muhammad Qamarul Hoda, Khalid Samad, Hameed Ullah
BACKGROUND: The development of supraglottic airway devices has revolutionized airway management during general anaesthesia. Two devices are widely used in clinical practice to facilitate positive pressure ventilation: the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (pLMA) and the Classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA). It is not clear whether these devices have important clinical differences in terms of efficacy or complications. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (pLMA) and the Classic LMA (cLMA) for positive pressure ventilation in adults undergoing elective surgery...
July 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706087/periconception-endogenous-and-exogenous-maternal-sex-steroid-hormones-and-risk-of-asthma-and-allergy-in-offspring-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Merhunisa Talovic, Aziz Sheikh, Nicola McCleary, Maijaliisa Erkkola, Minna Kaila, Suvi M Virtanen, Bright I Nwaru
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy is associated with several hormonal changes which influence the developing fetus. Variations in maternal endogenous hormones and prepregnancy use of hormonal preparations have been linked to asthma and allergy in the offspring, but findings are inconsistent. We plan to undertake a systematic review to synthesise the evidence on the association between endogenous and exogenous maternal sex hormones and the risk of asthma and allergy in the offspring. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will search Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Institute of Scientific Information Web of Science, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health, Scopus, Google Scholar, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Global Health, Psychological Information (PsycINFO), Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience (CAB) International and WHO Global Health Library from inception until 2016 to identify relevant studies on the topic...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703869/early-supported-discharge-services-for-people-with-acute-stroke
#8
REVIEW
Peter Langhorne, Satu Baylan
BACKGROUND: People with stroke conventionally receive a substantial part of their rehabilitation in hospital. Services have now been developed that offer people in hospital an early discharge with rehabilitation at home (early supported discharge: ESD). OBJECTIVES: To establish if, in comparison with conventional care, services that offer people in hospital with stroke a policy of early discharge with rehabilitation provided in the community (ESD) can: 1) accelerate return home, 2) provide equivalent or better patient and carer outcomes, 3) be acceptable satisfactory to patients and carers, and 4) have justifiable resource implications use...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674300/systematic-and-stepwise-interprofessional-education-in-showa-university
#9
Yuji Kiuchi
 At Showa University, which consists of the schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and rehabilitation sciences, systematic interprofessional education was introduced with the cooperation of all 4 schools and through all undergraduate grades with the purpose of training medical staff who can contribute positively to the medical team. In the lower grades, students study the basics of medical team care based on a 4-school joint curriculum of experience learning (such as early exposure) and problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial inside and outside of the university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614099/predictors-of-nursing-graduate-school-success
#10
Brady Patzer, Elizabeth H Lazzara, Joseph R Keebler, Maha H Madi, Patricia Dwyer, Alicia A Huckstadt, Betty Smith-Campbell
Several factors influence success in nursing graduate school. This study collected retrospective data from students in a nursing graduate program to determine which factors predict success. Data were analyzed using a multiple regression analysis to predict success (i.e., graduation grade point average [GPA]) from student characteristics. The predictors were nursing course GPA, undergraduate science GPA, GPA upon admission to nursing graduate school, experience in a specialty, and the duration of that experience...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555461/high-flow-nasal-cannulae-for-respiratory-support-in-adult-intensive-care-patients
#11
REVIEW
Amanda Corley, Claire M Rickard, Leanne M Aitken, Amy Johnston, Adrian Barnett, John F Fraser, Sharon R Lewis, Andrew F Smith
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannulae (HFNC) deliver high flows of blended humidified air and oxygen via wide-bore nasal cannulae and may be useful in providing respiratory support for adult patients experiencing acute respiratory failure in the intensive care unit (ICU). OBJECTIVES: We evaluated studies that included participants 16 years of age and older who were admitted to the ICU and required treatment with HFNC. We assessed the safety and efficacy of HFNC compared with comparator interventions in terms of treatment failure, mortality, adverse events, duration of respiratory support, hospital and ICU length of stay, respiratory effects, patient-reported outcomes, and costs of treatment...
May 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512066/use-of-electroencephalography-brain-computer-interface-systems-as-a-rehabilitative-approach-for-upper-limb-function-after-a-stroke-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Esther Monge-Pereira, Jaime Ibañez-Pereda, Isabel M Alguacil-Diego, Jose I Serrano, María P Spottorno-Rubio, Francisco Molina-Rueda
BACKGROUND: Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems have been suggested as a promising tool for neurorehabilitation. However, to date, there is a lack of homogeneous findings. Furthermore, no systematic reviews have analyzed the degree of validation of these interventions for upper limb (UL) motor rehabilitation poststroke. OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to compile all available studies that assess an UL intervention based on an electroencephalography (EEG) BCI system in stroke; to analyze the methodological quality of the studies retrieved; and to determine the effects of these interventions on the improvement of motor abilities...
May 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506028/comparison-of-the-hospital-acquired-clostridium-difficile-infection-risk-of-using-proton-pump-inhibitors-versus-histamine-2-receptor-antagonists-for-prophylaxis-and-treatment-of-stress-ulcers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Mohamed Azab, Loomee Doo, Daniel H Doo, Yousif Elmofti, Muazer Ahmed, John Jay Cadavona, Xibei B Liu, Amaan Shafi, Moon Kyung Joo, Ji Won Yoo
Background/Aims: Although proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) have been widely used for the prevention and treatment of stress gastric ulcers in hospital settings, there are concerns that PPIs increase the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). However, little is known about the risk of CDI following PPI and histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) use. We evaluated the comparative hospital-acquired CDI occurrence risk associated with the concurrent use of PPIs versus H2RAs. Methods: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE/ Ovid, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Web of Science, and Google Scholar through August 19, 2016, identified 12 studies that reported the hospital-acquired CDI occurrence following H2RA and PPI use for the prevention and treatment of stress gastric ulcers...
May 17, 2017: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462447/predictive-power-of-the-nsqip-risk-calculator-for-early-post-operative-outcomes-after-whipple-experience-from-a-regional-center-in-northern-ontario
#14
Henry Y Jiang, Erica L Kohtakangas, Kengo Asai, Jeffrey B Shum
BACKGROUND: NSQIP Risk Calculator was developed to allow surgeons to inform their patients about their individual risks for surgery. Its ability to predict complication rates and length of stay (LOS) has made it an appealing tool for both patients and surgeons. However, the NSQIP Risk Calculator has been criticized for its generality and lack of detail towards surgical subspecialties, including the hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) surgery. We wish to determine whether the NSQIP Risk Calculator is predictive of post-operative complications and LOS with respect to Whipple's resections for our patient population...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#15
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012981/the-impact-of-instituting-process-oriented-guided-inquiry-learning-pogil-in-a-fundamental-nursing-course
#16
Maureen C Roller, Susan Zori
BACKGROUND: POGIL, using small groups of students, who assume the roles of leader, manager, recorder, and reflector to complete problem based activities in science courses, has demonstrated significant improvement in students' grades and course satisfaction in science courses and a nursing Fundamentals course. Using POGIL with nursing students in fundamentals nursing courses could help to improve final grades and course satisfaction while promoting active learning, critical thinking, and teamwork...
December 16, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004389/withdrawn-community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#17
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
December 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996085/supportive-interventions-for-enhancing-dietary-intake-in-malnourished-or-nutritionally-at-risk-adults
#18
REVIEW
Christine Baldwin, Katherine L Kimber, Michelle Gibbs, Christine Elizabeth Weekes
BACKGROUND: Supportive interventions such as serving meals in a dining room environment or the use of assistants to feed patients are frequently recommended for the management of nutritionally vulnerable groups. Such interventions are included in many policy and guideline documents and have implications for staff time but may incur additional costs, yet there appears to be a lack of evidence for their efficacy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of supportive interventions for enhancing dietary intake in malnourished or nutritionally at-risk adults...
December 20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968919/exploring-health-literacy-in-nursing-students-of-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-the-health-literacy-questionnaire
#19
Yan Zhang, Fan Zhang, Ping Hu, Wenjie Huang, Lu Lu, Ruixue Bai, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is important in public health and health care, particularly in effective communication between patients and nurses. The aim of this study was to explore the health literacy level and its influence factors in undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional study by stratified sampling of nurses studying at the medical university in Chongqing, south-western China. Nurses had to attend class, be willing to participate, and be younger than 28 years...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803488/a-survey-of-introductory-statistics-courses-at-university-faculties-of-pharmaceutical-sciences-in-japan
#20
Mina Matsumura, Takuto Nakayama, Takashi Sozu
 A survey of introductory statistics courses at Japanese medical schools was published as a report in 2014. To obtain a complete understanding of the way in which statistics is taught at the university level in Japan, it is important to extend this survey to related fields, including pharmacy, dentistry, and nursing. The current study investigates the introductory statistics courses offered by faculties of pharmaceutical sciences (six-year programs) at Japanese universities, comparing the features of these courses with those studied in the survey of medical schools...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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