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low science scores nursing

Fikadu Balcha Hailu, Chanyalew Worku Kassahun, Mirkuzie Woldie Kerie
BACKGROUND: Nurse-physician communication has been shown to have a significant impact on the job satisfaction and retention of staff. In areas where it has been studied, communication failure between nurses and physicians was found to be one of the leading causes of preventable patient injuries, complications, death and medical malpractice claims. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine perception of nurses and physicians towards nurse-physician communication in patient care and associated factors in public hospitals of Jimma zone, southwest Ethiopia...
2016: PloS One
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kimarie Brown, Pauline Anderson-Johnson, Andrea Norman McPherson
Graduate students perceive their education as highly stressful, have consistently rated their stress levels as above average and have consistently scored above average on stress scales. The consequences of stress include negative academic outcomes, reduction in cognitive ability, impaired coping and incompletion of graduate studies. Stress is also associated with physical and psychological symptoms such as altered appetite, sleep pattern disturbances and headache. A descriptive correlational design was used to determine the perceived levels and sources of academic-related stress among students enrolled in a Master of Science in Nursing (MScN) degree programme at school of nursing in urban section of Jamaica...
September 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Zohre Ghamari Zare, Mohsen Adib-Hajbaghery
BACKGROUND: Pharmacological knowledge and medication management skills of student nurses greatly depend on the clinical nurse educators' performance in this critical issue. However, the Iranian nurse educators' performance in teaching pharmacology and medication management are not adequately studied. OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate the nursing students' perceptions on the status of clinical pharmaceutical and medication management education. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on all 152 nursing students registered in the seventh and eighth semesters at the Qom and Naragh branches of Islamic Azad University, and Kashan University of Medical Sciences in 2013 - 2014 academic year...
March 2016: Nursing and Midwifery Studies
Ryan Mattie, Katri Laimi, Sloane Yu, Mikhail Saltychev
BACKGROUND: Vertebral compression fractures are a common complication of osteoporosis and are often treated by percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP). The ability of this procedure to relieve pain better than conservative treatment is still debated. The purpose of this study was to compare the degree and duration of pain relief following PVP with that following conservative treatment for osteoporotic compression fractures by means of meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. METHODS: The CENTRAL (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and Web of Science databases were queried for randomized controlled trials comparing PVP with conservative treatment or placebo/sham...
June 15, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Rebecca J Griffith, Vanessa Jordan, David Herd, Peter W Reed, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Intravenous cannulation is a painful procedure that can provoke anxiety and stress. Injecting local anaesthetic can provide analgesia at the time of cannulation, but it is a painful procedure. Topical anaesthetic creams take between 30 and 90 minutes to produce an effect. A quicker acting analgesic allows more timely investigation and treatment. Vapocoolants have been used in this setting, but studies have reported mixed results. OBJECTIVES: To determine effects of vapocoolants on pain associated with intravenous cannulation in adults and children...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Fleur T van de Wetering, Leen Verleye, H Jervoise N Andreyev, Jane Maher, Joan Vlayen, Bradley R Pieters, Geertjan van Tienhoven, Rob J P M Scholten
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2007. Late radiation rectal problems (proctopathy) include bleeding, pain, faecal urgency, and incontinence and may develop after pelvic radiotherapy treatment for cancer. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of non-surgical interventions for managing late radiation proctopathy. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (Issue 11, 2015); MEDLINE (Ovid); EMBASE (Ovid); CANCERCD; Science Citation Index; and CINAHL from inception to November 2015...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sharon Kibwana, Damtew Woldemariam, Awoke Misganaw, Mihereteab Teshome, Leulayehu Akalu, Adrienne Kols, Young Mi Kim, Samuel Mengistu, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg
BACKGROUND: Efforts to address shortages of health workers in low-resource settings have focused on rapidly increasing the number of higher education programs for health workers. This study examines selected competencies achieved by graduating Bachelor of Science and nurse anesthetist students in Ethiopia, a country facing a critical shortage of anesthesia professionals. METHODS: The study, conducted in June and July 2013, assessed skills and knowledge of 122 students graduating from anesthetist training programs at six public universities and colleges in Ethiopia; these students comprise 80% of graduates from these institutions in the 2013 academic year...
January 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Raymond Kao, Fran Priestap, Allan Donner
BACKGROUND: Intensive care unit (ICU) scoring systems or prediction models evolved to meet the desire of clinical and administrative leaders to assess the quality of care provided by their ICUs. The Critical Care Information System (CCIS) is province-wide data information for all Ontario, Canada level 3 and level 2 ICUs collected for this purpose. With the dataset, we developed a multivariable logistic regression ICU mortality prediction model during the first 24 h of ICU admission utilizing the explanatory variables including the two validated scores, Multiple Organs Dysfunctional Score (MODS) and Nine Equivalents Nursing Manpower Use Score (NEMS) followed by the variables age, sex, readmission to the ICU during the same hospital stay, admission diagnosis, source of admission, and the modified Charlson Co-morbidity Index (CCI) collected through the hospital health records...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
Paul J D Roszko, Jonathan Ameli, Patrick M Carter, Rebecca M Cunningham, Megan L Ranney
Firearm injury is a leading cause of injury-related morbidity and mortality in the United States. We sought to systematically identify and summarize existing literature on clinical firearm injury prevention screening and interventions. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, Web of Science, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycInfo, and for English-language original research (published 1992-2014) on clinical screening methods, patient-level firearm interventions, or patient/provider attitudes on the same...
2016: Epidemiologic Reviews
Yu-Meng Chen, Jin-Bo Fang
BACKGROUND: Nurse burnout and low job satisfaction are main reasons that cause nurses to leave their current position. Improving the nursing work environment may reduce the severity of job burnout and of job dissatisfaction and thus decrease the turnover intention of nursing staff. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the correlation between the nursing work environment and the outcome variables of burnout, job satisfaction, and turnover intention in the western region of Mainland China...
February 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Jeremy N Rodrigues, Giles W Becker, Cathy Ball, Weiya Zhang, Henk Giele, Jonathan Hobby, Anna L Pratt, Tim Davis
BACKGROUND: Dupuytren's disease is a benign fibroproliferative disorder that causes the fingers to be drawn into the palm via formation of new tissue under the glabrous skin of the hand. This disorder causes functional limitations, but it can be treated through a variety of surgical techniques. As a chronic condition, it tends to recur. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of different surgical procedures for treatment of Dupuytren's contracture of the index, middle, ring and little fingers...
December 9, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ann Gardulf, Jan Nilsson, Jan Florin, Janeth Leksell, Margret Lepp, Christina Lindholm, Gun Nordström, Kersti Theander, Bodil Wilde-Larsson, Marianne Carlsson, Eva Johansson
BACKGROUND: International organisations, e.g. WHO, stress the importance of competent registered nurses (RN) for the safety and quality of healthcare systems. Low competence among RNs has been shown to increase the morbidity and mortality of inpatients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate self-reported competence among nursing students on the point of graduation (NSPGs), using the Nurse Professional Competence (NPC) Scale, and to relate the findings to background factors...
January 2016: Nurse Education Today
Daniel H J Davis, Sam T Creavin, Jennifer L Y Yip, Anna H Noel-Storr, Carol Brayne, Sarah Cullum
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a progressive syndrome of global cognitive impairment with significant health and social care costs. Global prevalence is projected to increase, particularly in resource-limited settings. Recent policy changes in Western countries to increase detection mandates a careful examination of the diagnostic accuracy of neuropsychological tests for dementia. OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) at various thresholds for dementia and its subtypes...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Chunsong Yang, Zilong Hao, Lingli Zhang, Linan Zeng, Jin Wen
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune, inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS), which can occur in many parts of the CNS and result in a wide range of symptoms including sensory impairment, fatigue, walking or balance problems, visual impairment, vertigo and cognitive disabilities. At present, the most commonly used MS treatments are immunomodulating agents, but they have little effect on the disability. Experimental studies show that sodium (Na(+)) accumulation leads to intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) release, and the increased calcium levels can activate nitric oxide synthase and harmful proteases and lipases...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Rong-Fang Hu, Xiao-Ying Jiang, Junmin Chen, Zhiyong Zeng, Xiao Y Chen, Yueping Li, Xin Huining, David J W Evans
BACKGROUND: Adults in intensive care units (ICUs) often suffer from a lack of sleep or frequent sleep disruptions. Non-pharmacological interventions can improve the duration and quality of sleep and decrease the risk of sleep disturbance, delirium, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and the length of stay in the ICU. However, there is no clear evidence of the effectiveness and harms of different non-pharmacological interventions for sleep promotion in adults admitted to the ICU. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions for sleep promotion in critically ill adults in the ICU...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Tulay Basak, Vesile Unver, Jacqueline Moss, Penni Watts, Vanessa Gaioso
BACKGROUND: There is little research evidence that demonstrates the difference between the use of low- and high-fidelity mannequins in assisting students to acquire their skills when students are at different points in their nursing education experience. OBJECTIVES: Our study examined differences between the use of low- and high-fidelity mannequins on student outcomes with both beginner and advanced students. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental investigation...
January 2016: Nurse Education Today
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants have the ability to experience pain. Newborns treated in neonatal intensive care units are exposed to numerous painful procedures. Healthy newborns are exposed to pain if the birth process consists of assisted vaginal birth by vacuum extraction or by forceps and during blood sampling for newborn screening tests. OBJECTIVES: Primary objectiveTo determine the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for the prevention or treatment of procedural/postoperative pain or pain associated with clinical conditions in neonates...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Gwen Anderson, Anna C Alt-White, Kendra L Schaa, Andrea M Boyd, Christine E Kasper
BACKGROUND: Nurses lack genome literacy, skill, and self-confidence in applying genomics to health care. Standardized curricula and evaluation tools are needed for wide spread uptake and application of genome science in nursing education, practice, and research. AIM: To determine whether psychometrically robust survey instruments exist to assess knowledge, skills, attitudes, and self-confidence in applying genomic nursing competency among students and registered nurses...
June 2015: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Nazan Tuna Oran, Hafize Öztürk Can, Selmin Şenol, Aytül Pelik Hadımlı
BACKGROUND: Academic dishonesty has become a serious problem at institutions of higher learning. RESEARCH QUESTION: What is the frequency of academic dishonesty and what factors affect the tendency of dishonesty among Turkish health science school students? RESEARCH DESIGN: This descriptive and cross-sectional study aims to evaluate academic dishonesty among university nursing, midwifery, and dietetic students. PARTICIPANTS AND RESEARCH CONTEXT: The study sample consisted of 499 health science students in Turkey...
May 22, 2015: Nursing Ethics
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