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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033992/patient-safety-culture-in-intensive-care-units-from-the-perspective-of-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Sedigheh Farzi, Azam Moladoost, Masoud Bahrami, Saba Farzi, Reza Etminani
BACKGROUND: One of the goals of nursing is providing safe care, prevention of injury, and health promotion of patients. Patient safety in intensive care units is threatened for various reasons. This study aimed to survey patient safety culture from the perspective of nurses in intensive care units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. Sampling was done using the convenience method. The sample consisted of 367 nurses working in intensive care units of teaching hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912666/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-iranian-nurses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Yosra Azizpour, Ali Delpisheh, Zahra Montazeri, Kourosh Sayehmiri
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) as a musculoskeletal disorder is one of the most common occupational injuries in nurses but there isn't any valid measure of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nursing. In order to increase the power and improve the estimates of the prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, a comprehensive meta-analysis was carried out. A summary measure of all studies conducted in this field was found and distributions of LBP were evaluated based on different variables. METHODS: Inclusion criteria included articles with prevalence of LBP in Iranian nurses, who had at least six months of work experience without any trauma, injuries to spine, or any underlying disease...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844564/families-on-adult-intensive-care-units-are-they-really-satisfied-a-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Cristóbal Padilla Fortunatti, Noelia Rojas Silva
OBJECTIVES: Family satisfaction in intensive care units (ICU) is of increasing relevance for family-centred cared. The objective of this review was to explore the characteristics of studies that have used questionnaires to measure the satisfaction of family members of ICU patients. REVIEW METHODS: A literature review was performed for studies evaluating family satisfaction in the ICU, independent of design. The following data were obtained for each selected article: publication year, country of origin, design, number of family members, instrument for family satisfaction, instrument score range, response rate, moment at which satisfaction was evaluated, and average level of reported satisfaction...
August 24, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727896/proseal-versus-classic-laryngeal-mask-airway-lma-for-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-adults-undergoing-elective-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Muhammad Qamarul Hoda, Khalid Samad, Hameed Ullah
BACKGROUND: The development of supraglottic airway devices has revolutionized airway management during general anaesthesia. Two devices are widely used in clinical practice to facilitate positive pressure ventilation: the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (pLMA) and the Classic laryngeal mask airway (cLMA). It is not clear whether these devices have important clinical differences in terms of efficacy or complications. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (pLMA) and the Classic LMA (cLMA) for positive pressure ventilation in adults undergoing elective surgery...
July 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703869/early-supported-discharge-services-for-people-with-acute-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Peter Langhorne, Satu Baylan
BACKGROUND: People with stroke conventionally receive a substantial part of their rehabilitation in hospital. Services have now been developed that offer people in hospital an early discharge with rehabilitation at home (early supported discharge: ESD). OBJECTIVES: To establish if, in comparison with conventional care, services that offer people in hospital with stroke a policy of early discharge with rehabilitation provided in the community (ESD) can: 1) accelerate return home, 2) provide equivalent or better patient and carer outcomes, 3) be acceptable satisfactory to patients and carers, and 4) have justifiable resource implications use...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690077/evidence-for-dry-needling-in-the-management-of-myofascial-trigger-points-associated-with-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Lin Liu, Qiang-Min Huang, Qing-Guang Liu, Nguyen Thitham, Li-Hui Li, Yan-Tao Ma, Jia-Min Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current evidence of the effectiveness of dry needling of myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) associated with low back pain (LBP). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Ovid, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases were searched until January 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that used dry needling as the main treatment and included participants diagnosed with LBP with the presence of MTrPs were included...
July 8, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670410/a-multidisciplinary-workplace-intervention-for-chronic-low-back-pain-among-nursing-assistants-in-iran
#7
Sarallah Shojaei, Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Ahmad Reza Jamshidi, Joan Wagner
STUDY DESIGN: Interventional research with a 6-month follow-up period. PURPOSE: We aimed to establish the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary workplace intervention on reduction of work-related low back pain (WRLBP), using ergonomic posture training coupled with an educational program based on social cognitive theory. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: WRLBP is a major occupational problem among healthcare workers, who are often required to lift heavy loads...
June 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469118/risk-perception-of-hepatitis-b-infection-and-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-vaccine-among-students-of-tertiary-institution-in-jos
#8
M P Chingle, I A Osagie, H Adams, D Gwomson, N Emeribe, A I Zoakah
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Infection is endemic in Nigeria. Healthcare students are more vulnerable because of direct contact with patients' body fluids and blood. Risk perception of HBV and HB vaccine uptake are also poor. The aim of this study was to assess the level of risk perception of hepatitis B infection, and uptake of the HBV vaccine, between medical and other students of the University of Jos. METHODS: A comparative cross sectional study was conducted among 1,200 students of the departments of Medicine, Nursing sciences and Public Administration, University of Jos (400 from each arm) using a pretested self-administered questionnaire...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374886/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-versus-inhalational-anaesthesia-for-adults-undergoing-transabdominal-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery
#9
REVIEW
Suzanne Forsyth Herling, Bjørn Dreijer, Gitte Wrist Lam, Thordis Thomsen, Ann Merete Møller
BACKGROUND: Rapid implementation of robotic transabdominal surgery has resulted in the need for re-evaluation of the most suitable form of anaesthesia. The overall objective of anaesthesia is to minimize perioperative risk and discomfort for patients both during and after surgery. Anaesthesia for patients undergoing robotic assisted surgery is different from anaesthesia for patients undergoing open or laparoscopic surgery; new anaesthetic concerns accompany robotic assisted surgery. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes related to the choice of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) or inhalational anaesthesia for adults undergoing transabdominal robotic assisted laparoscopic gynaecological, urological or gastroenterological surgery...
April 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360252/state-of-reporting-of-primary-biomedical-research-a-scoping-review-protocol
#10
Guowei Li, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Zainab Samaan, Yanling Jin, Ikunna Nwosu, Mitchell A H Levine, Jonathan D Adachi, Lehana Thabane
INTRODUCTION: Incomplete or inconsistent reporting remains a major concern in the biomedical literature. Incomplete or inconsistent reporting may yield the published findings unreliable, irreproducible or sometimes misleading. In this study based on evidence from systematic reviews and surveys that have evaluated the reporting issues in primary biomedical studies, we aim to conduct a scoping review with focuses on (1) the state-of-the-art extent of adherence to the emerging reporting guidelines in primary biomedical research, (2) the inconsistency between protocols or registrations and full reports and (3) the disagreement between abstracts and full-text articles...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134445/interventions-for-prevention-of-bullying-in-the-workplace
#11
REVIEW
Patricia A Gillen, Marlene Sinclair, W George Kernohan, Cecily M Begley, Ans G Luyben
BACKGROUND: Bullying has been identified as one of the leading workplace stressors, with adverse consequences for the individual employee, groups of employees, and whole organisations. Employees who have been bullied have lower levels of job satisfaction, higher levels of anxiety and depression, and are more likely to leave their place of work. Organisations face increased risk of skill depletion and absenteeism, leading to loss of profit, potential legal fees, and tribunal cases. It is unclear to what extent these risks can be addressed through interventions to prevent bullying...
January 30, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004389/withdrawn-community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#12
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
December 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968919/exploring-health-literacy-in-nursing-students-of-chongqing-china-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-the-health-literacy-questionnaire
#13
Yan Zhang, Fan Zhang, Ping Hu, Wenjie Huang, Lu Lu, Ruixue Bai, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Health literacy is important in public health and health care, particularly in effective communication between patients and nurses. The aim of this study was to explore the health literacy level and its influence factors in undergraduate nursing students. METHODS: We did a cross-sectional study by stratified sampling of nurses studying at the medical university in Chongqing, south-western China. Nurses had to attend class, be willing to participate, and be younger than 28 years...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911489/palliative-care-interventions-in-advanced-dementia
#14
REVIEW
Edel Murphy, Katherine Froggatt, Sheelah Connolly, Eamon O'Shea, Elizabeth L Sampson, Dympna Casey, Declan Devane
BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic, progressive and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disease. Advanced dementia is characterised by profound cognitive impairment, inability to communicate verbally and complete functional dependence. Usual care of people with advanced dementia is not underpinned universally by a palliative approach. Palliative care has focused traditionally on care of people with cancer but for more than a decade, there have been increased calls worldwide to extend palliative care services to include all people with life-limiting illnesses in need of specialist care, including people with dementia...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843833/effect-of-mother-infant-pair-s-latch-on-position-on-child-s-health-a-lesson-for-nursing-care
#15
Harshdeep Joshi, Pushpendra Magon, Sunil Raina
BACKGROUND: Effective breastfeeding is a function of the proper positioning of mother and baby and attachment of child to the mother's breast. Positioning of the baby's body is important for good attachment and successful breastfeeding. The study was planned to assess mother-infant pair latch on position and its impact on health status of the child. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was community-based cross-sectional study conducted among 1267 children between age group of 0-24 months in the urban and rural field practice areas of the Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819258/-design-and-validation-of-a-questionnaire-on-vaccination-in-students-of-health-sciences-spain
#16
María Fernández-Prada, Pedro Ramos-Martín, Jaime Madroñal-Menéndez, Carmen Martínez-Ortega, Joaquín González-Cabrera
OBJECTIVE: Immunization rates among medicine and nursing students -and among health professional in general- during hospital training are low. It is necessary to investigate the causes for these low immunization rates. The objective of this study was to design and validate a questionnaire for exploring the attitudes and behaviours of medicine and nursing students toward immunization of vaccine-preventable diseases. METHODS: An instrument validation study. The sample included 646 nursing and medicine students at University of Oviedo, Spain...
November 7, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801641/a-systematic-review-and-economic-evaluation-of-bisphosphonates-for-the-prevention-of-fragility-fractures
#17
Sarah Davis, Marrissa Martyn-St James, Jean Sanderson, John Stevens, Edward Goka, Andrew Rawdin, Susi Sadler, Ruth Wong, Fiona Campbell, Matt Stevenson, Mark Strong, Peter Selby, Neil Gittoes
BACKGROUND: Fragility fractures are fractures that result from mechanical forces that would not ordinarily result in fracture. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical effectiveness and safety of bisphosphonates [alendronic acid (Fosamax(®) and Fosamax(®) Once Weekly, Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd), risedronic acid (Actonel(®) and Actonel Once a Week(®), Warner Chilcott UK Ltd), ibandronic acid (Bonviva(®), Roche Products Ltd) and zoledronic acid (Aclasta(®), Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd)] for the prevention of fragility fracture and to assess their cost-effectiveness at varying levels of fracture risk...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797241/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-patient-safety-violation-scale-in-medical-oncology-units-in-iran
#18
Mahboobeh Shali, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Soodabeh Joolaee, Abbas Ebadi
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is one of the key components of nursing care for cancer cases. Valid and reliable context-based instruments are necessary for accurate evaluation of patient safety in oncology units. The aim of the present study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Patient Safety Violation Scale in medical oncology units in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this methodological study, a pool of 58 items was generated through reviewing the existing literature...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632162/perceived-nurse-physician-communication-in-patient-care-and-associated-factors-in-public-hospitals-of-jimma-zone-south-west-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#19
Fikadu Balcha Hailu, Chanyalew Worku Kassahun, Mirkuzie Woldie Kerie
BACKGROUND: Nurse-physician communication has been shown to have a significant impact on the job satisfaction and retention of staff. In areas where it has been studied, communication failure between nurses and physicians was found to be one of the leading causes of preventable patient injuries, complications, death and medical malpractice claims. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine perception of nurses and physicians towards nurse-physician communication in patient care and associated factors in public hospitals of Jimma zone, southwest Ethiopia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629283/community-based-population-level-interventions-for-promoting-child-oral-health
#20
REVIEW
Andrea M de Silva, Shalika Hegde, Bridget Akudo Nwagbara, Hanny Calache, Mark G Gussy, Mona Nasser, Hannah R Morrice, Elisha Riggs, Pamela M Leong, Lisa K Meyenn, Reza Yousefi-Nooraie
BACKGROUND: Dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease are commonly occurring, preventable chronic conditions. Even though much is known about how to treat oral disease, currently we do not know which community-based population-level interventions are most effective and equitable in preventing poor oral health. OBJECTIVES: Primary • To determine the effectiveness of community-based population-level oral health promotion interventions in preventing dental caries and gingival and periodontal disease among children from birth to 18 years of age...
September 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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