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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728984/operative-versus-non-operative-management-of-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh, Nilanjan Panda, Asaf Khan, Samik Kumar Bandyopadhyay, Sanjay Dalmia, Sohail Malik, Zahirul Huq, Moustafa Mansour
OBJECTIVES: To investigate outcomes of operative and non-operative management of adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO). METHODS: We performed a systematic review in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement standards. We conducted a search of electronic information sources to identify all randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies investigating outcomes of operative versus non-operative management of patients with adhesive SBO...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715534/the-association-between-vasectomy-and-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Bimal Bhindi, Christopher J D Wallis, Madhur Nayan, Ann M Farrell, Landon W Trost, Robert J Hamilton, Girish S Kulkarni, Antonio Finelli, Neil E Fleshner, Stephen A Boorjian, R Jeffrey Karnes
Importance: Despite 3 decades of study, there remains ongoing debate regarding whether vasectomy is associated with prostate cancer. Objective: To determine if vasectomy is associated with prostate cancer. Data Sources: The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases were searched for studies indexed from database inception to March 21, 2017, without language restriction. Study Selection: Cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies reporting relative effect estimates for the association between vasectomy and prostate cancer were included...
July 17, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714358/bogushevskayam-v-colla-e-eds-thinking-colours-perception-translation-and-representation-bogushevskayam-v-colla-e-eds-thinking-colours-perception-translation-and-representation-newcastle-upon-tyne-england-cambridge-scholars-2015-247%C3%A2-%C3%A2-14-pp-isbn-13-978-1443875295
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713072/link-worker-social-prescribing-to-improve-health-and-well-being-for-people-with-long-term-conditions-qualitative-study-of-service-user-perceptions
#4
Suzanne Moffatt, Mel Steer, Sarah Lawson, Linda Penn, Nicola O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of patients with long-term conditions who are referred to and engage with a Link Worker social prescribing programme and identify the impact of the Link Worker programme on health and well-being. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews with thematic analysis of the data. INTERVENTION: Link Worker social prescribing programme comprising personalised support to identify meaningful health and wellness goals, ongoing support to achieve agreed objectives and linkage into appropriate community services...
July 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713005/steroid-5-alpha-reductase-type-2-srd5a2-gene-v89l-polymorphism-and-hypospadias-risk-a-meta-analysis
#5
K Zhang, Y Li, Y Mao, M Ma
BACKGROUND: Hypospadias is a common congenital malformation in males, in which the urethral orifice is found on the ventral side of the penis as a result of incomplete fusion of urethral folds. The etiology of hypospadias is poorly understood, and may be multifactorial, including genetic, endocrine and environmental factors. The steroid 5-alpha-reductase type 2 (SRD5A2) gene, which is mainly expressed in the ventral side of the urethra in the process of male genital development, plays an important role in urethral shaping...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710211/occupational-risk-for-legionella-infection-among-dental-healthcare-workers-meta-analysis-in-occupational-epidemiology
#6
Stefano Petti, Matteo Vitali
OBJECTIVE: The occupational risk for Legionella infection among dental healthcare workers (DHCWs) is conjectured because of the risk of routine inhalation of potentially contaminated aerosols produced by the dental instruments. Nevertheless, occupational epidemiology studies are contrasting. This meta-analysis assessed the level of scientific evidence regarding the relative occupational risk for Legionella infection among DHCWs. METHODS: Literature search was performed without time and language restrictions, using broad data banks (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, GOOGLE Scholar) and generic keywords ('legionella' AND 'dent*')...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702940/heart-rate-variability-in-critical-care-medicine-a-systematic-review
#7
Shamir N Karmali, Alberto Sciusco, Shaun M May, Gareth L Ackland
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used to assess cardiac autonomic activity in critically ill patients, driven by translational and biomarker research agendas. Several clinical and technical factors can interfere with the measurement and/or interpretation of HRV. We systematically evaluated how HRV parameters are acquired/processed in critical care medicine. METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1996-2016) were searched for cohort or case-control clinical studies of adult (>18 years) critically ill patients using heart variability analysis...
December 2017: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702765/association-between-serum-plasma-adiponectin-levels-and-immune-mediated-diseases-a-meta-analysis
#8
Ming-Yue Zhang, Ahmed Ali Dini, Xiao-Ke Yang, Lian-Ju Li, Guo-Cui Wu, Rui-Xue Leng, Hai-Feng Pan, Dong-Qing Ye
Adiponectin plays an important role in the development of immune-mediated diseases. Currently published data regarding the relationship between serum/plasma levels of adiponectin and immune-mediated diseases are inconsistent. We therefore conducted this meta-analysis to explore the association of serum/plasma adiponectin levels with immune-mediated diseases in humans. Systematic literature search was conducted to identify all relevant studies. The study quality was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Pooled standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by random-effect model analysis...
July 12, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702177/socioeconomic-status-and-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-in-mainland-china-hong-kong-and-taiwan-a-systematic-review
#9
Hongjiang Wu, Xiangrui Meng, Sarah H Wild, Danijela Gasevic, Caroline A Jackson
BACKGROUND: China is estimated to have had the largest number of people with diabetes in the world in 2015, with extrapolation of existing data suggesting that this situation will continue until at least 2030. Type 2 diabetes has been reported to be more prevalent among people with low socioeconomic status (SES) in high-income countries, whereas the opposite pattern has been found in studies from low- and middle-income countries. We conducted a systematic review to describe the cross-sectional association between SES and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Chinese in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699902/e-cadherin-expression-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-ovarian-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#10
Chencheng Dai, Jian Cao, Yu Zeng, Sujuan Xu, Xuemei Jia, Pengfei Xu
The prognostic role of epithelial cadherin (E-cadherin) downregulation in ovarian cancer has been assessed for years while the results remain inconclusive. The aim of our study was to assess this issue. Eligible studies were identified through searches of PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Database. In total, 1562 patients from 17 studies were included to assess the association between E-cadherin expression and overall survival/progression-free survival and clinicopathological characteristics of ovarian cancer patients...
June 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698555/association-between-duration-of-breastfeeding-and-malocclusions-in-primary-and-mixed-dentition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Montserrat Boronat-Catalá, José María Montiel-Company, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, José Manuel Almerich-Silla, Montserrat Catalá-Pizarro
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the current evidence on the possible effects of breastfeeding on different malocclusion traits in primary and mixed dentition. A systematic search was made in three databases, using terms related to breastfeeding and malocclusion in primary and mixed dentition. Of the 31 articles that met the inclusion criteria and were included in the qualitative analysis, nine were included in the quantitative analysis. The quality of the 31 observational studies was moderate to high on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698014/adenoviral-expressed-recombinant-granulocyte-monocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-gm-csf-enhances-protective-immunity-induced-by-inactivated-newcastle-disease-virus-ndv-vaccine
#12
Xinglong Wang, Xiangwei Wang, Yanqing Jia, Chongyang Wang, Qinqsong Han, Zen H Lu, Zengqi Yang
Although vaccination has been hugely successful in protecting birds against infection by the New castle disease virus (NDV), newly-emerged highly virulent strains have been found to overcome established immune protection and threaten the poultry industry. The need to improve the immunization efficacy is, therefore, urgent. Here, we tested the potential immunostimulatory adjuvant activity of the adenoviral-expressed recombinant chicken granulocyte monocyte colony stimulating factor (rchGM-CSF) in an inactivated Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) vaccine...
July 8, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697826/-risk-factors-for-congenital-heart-disease-in-chinese-neonates-a-meta-analysis
#13
Yi Liu, Bei Zhu, Lin Zhuo, Ming-Yu He, Yang Xu, Tong-Tong Wang, Qing-Qing Cai, Bin Hu, Ji-Cheng Xu, Wen-Hui Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the major risk factors for congenital heart disease (CHD) in Chinese neonates and to provide a reference for the prevention of CHD. METHODS: A literature search was performed to collect the case-control studies on the risk factors for CHD in Chinese neonates published in 2001-2016. The relevant data were extracted accordingly. The quality of included studies was assessed by Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Sensitivity analysis was conducted using different models to analyze the same data...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695871/psychiatric-disorders-and-obesity-a-review-of-association-studies
#14
REVIEW
T M Rajan, V Menon
BACKGROUND: Inconsistent evidence exists regarding the strength, direction, and moderators in the relationship between obesity and psychiatric disorders. AIM: This study aims to summarize the evidence on the association between psychiatric illness and obesity with particular attention to the strength and direction of association and also the possible moderators in each postulated link. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic electronic searches of MEDLINE through PubMed, ScienceDirect, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar were carried out from inception till October 2016...
July 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693568/anorexia-nervosa-and-cancer-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#15
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Jane A Driver, Manuel Ridao, José M Valderas, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Jaume Forés-Martos, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a severe restriction of caloric intake, low body weight, fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat, and disturbance of body image. Pathogenesis of the disorder may include genetic predisposition, hormonal changes and a combination of environmental, psychosocial, and cultural factors. Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. At present, no systematic reviews and meta-analyses have evaluated the risk of cancer in people with anorexia nervosa...
July 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689234/evolutionary-insights-into-the-fusion-protein-of-newcastle-disease-virus-isolated-from-vaccinated-chickens-in-2016-in-egypt
#16
Ahmed Orabi, Ashraf Hussein, Ayman A Saleh, Mohammed Abu El-Magd, Muhammad Munir
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infections are one of the most devastating causes of economic losses in the poultry industry and despite extensive vaccination, outbreaks are being reported around the globe especially from developing and tropical countries. Analysis of NDV field strains from vaccinated flocks would highlight essential areas of consideration not only to design effective immunization strategies but also to devise vaccines that provide sterile immunity. For this purpose, 91 NDV suspected outbreaks were investigated and screened for NDV genetic material...
July 8, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688748/congenital-muscular-dystrophies-in-the-uk-population-clinical-and-molecular-spectrum-of-a-large-cohort-diagnosed-over-a-12-year-period
#17
Maria Sframeli, Anna Sarkozy, Marta Bertoli, Guja Astrea, Judith Hudson, Mariacristina Scoto, Rachael Mein, Michael Yau, Rahul Phadke, Lucy Feng, Caroline Sewry, Adeline Ngoh Seow Fen, Cheryl Longman, Gary McCullagh, Volker Straub, Stephanie Robb, Adnan Manzur, Kate Bushby, Francesco Muntoni
Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMDs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous conditions; some fatal in the first few years of life and with central nervous system involvement, whereas others present a milder course. We provide a comprehensive report of the relative frequency and clinical and genetic spectrum of CMD in the UK. Genetic analysis of CMD genes in the UK is centralised in London and Newcastle. Between 2001 and 2013, a genetically confirmed diagnosis of CMD was obtained for 249 unrelated individuals referred to these services...
June 16, 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687921/phylogenetic-analysis-of-newcastle-disease-viruses-from-bangladesh-suggests-continuing-evolution-of-genotype-xiii
#18
Lalita Rani Barman, Mohammed Nooruzzaman, Rahul Deb Sarker, Md Tazinur Rahman, Md Rajib Bin Saife, Mohammad Giasuddin, Bidhan Chandra Das, Priya Mohan Das, Emdadul Haque Chowdhury, Mohammad Rafiqul Islam
A total of 23 Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates from Bangladesh taken between 2010 and 2012 were characterized on the basis of partial F gene sequences. All the isolates belonged to genotype XIII of class II NDV but segregated into three sub-clusters. One sub-cluster with 17 isolates aligned with sub-genotype XIIIc. The other two sub-clusters were phylogenetically distinct from the previously described sub-genotypes XIIIa, XIIIb and XIIIc and could be candidates of new sub-genotypes; however, that needs to be validated through full-length F gene sequence data...
July 7, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687873/%C3%AE-2-6-linked-sialic-acid-serves-as-a-high-affinity-receptor-for-cancer-oncolytic-virotherapy-with-newcastle-disease-virus
#19
Qian Li, Ding Wei, Fei Feng, Xi-Long Wang, Can Li, Zhi-Nan Chen, Huijie Bian
PURPOSE: Newcastle disease virus (NDV) has been applied to oncolytic virotherapy for decades due to its naturally oncolytic property. In spite of the substantiation of the sialic acid receptors of NDV on host cells, knowledge of preference of sialic acid linkage in viral attachment and oncolytic effect is lacking and imperative to be elucidated. METHODS: Surface plasmon resonance analysis and competitive inhibition with sialylated glycan receptor analogues were used to determine the affinity and the preference of sialic acid receptor...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687862/no-superior-surgical-treatment-for-secondary-osteochondral-defects-of-the-talus
#20
REVIEW
Kaj T A Lambers, Jari Dahmen, Mikel L Reilingh, Christiaan J A van Bergen, Sjoerd A S Stufkens, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify the most effective surgical treatment for talar osteochondral defects after failed primary surgery. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to find studies published from January 1996 till July 2016 using PubMed (MEDLINE), EMBASE, CDSR, DARE and CENTRAL. Two authors screened the search results separately and conducted quality assessment independently using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Weighted success rates were calculated...
July 7, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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