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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932648/complete-genome-sequences-of-two-newcastle-disease-virus-strains-isolated-from-a-wild-duck-and-a-pigeon-in-russia
#1
Marsel R Kabilov, Tatyana Y Alikina, Kseniya S Yurchenko, Alexandra V Glushchenko, Konstantin V Gunbin, Alexander M Shestopalov, Natalya V Gubanova
Here, we report the complete genome sequences of two Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolates, Adygea/duck/12/2008, from a wild duck in Russia, and Altai/pigeon/777/2010, from a pigeon in Russia. Based on comparative sequence analysis of the F gene, these strains were classified as NDV class II, genotypes VIId and VIb/2, respectively.
December 8, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932647/complete-genome-sequences-of-two-subgenotype-1b-newcastle-disease-viruses-isolated-from-sansui-sheldrake-ducks-in-guizhou-china
#2
Yan Hu, Zhiqiang Duan, Xinqin Ji, Jiafu Zhao, Houqiang Xu, Shunlin Hu, Xiufan Liu
Here, we report the complete genome sequences of two Newcastle disease viruses, Sheldrake duck/China/Guizhou/01/2016 and Sheldrake duck/China/Guizhou/02/2016, isolated from Sansui Sheldrake ducks in Guizhou Province, China. The genome of the isolates is 15,198 nucleotides in length. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the isolates are clustered into subgenotype 1b in class I.
December 8, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931579/harm-and-benefits-of-salvage-transplantation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-an-updated-meta-analysis
#3
Q Xiong, T-T Geng, L He, H Gao
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to compare salvage liver transplantation (SLT) and primary liver transplantation (PLT) in terms of the harm and benefits. METHODS: The authors searched Pubmed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from their dates of establishment to December 2015. Based on selection and exclusion criteria, 2 researchers screened the literature independently. The meta-analysis was performed with the use of the Review Manager software. Meta-analysis of the pooled standard mean difference (SMD) and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated based on either a fixed-effects or a random-effects model...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931235/erratum-to-serological-response-and-protection-level-evaluation-in-chickens-exposed-to-grains-coated-with-i2-newcastle-disease-virus-for-effective-oral-vaccination-of-village-chickens
#4
Reta D Abdi, Kassaw Amssalu Tadesse, Olana Merera, Yilkal Asfaw, Eseyas Gelaye, Marta Yami, Teshale Sori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930444/a-mysterious-role-of-arginine-vasopressin-levels-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-meta-analysis-of-clinical-studies
#5
Jing Wu, Jie Zhou, Lu Dong, Wenjing Fan, Jinyu Zhang, Caiqin Wu
OBJECTIVE: There are contradicting claims that patients with Ménière's disease (MD) have elevated levels of arginine vasopressin (AVP). The results of published studies regarding the difference of AVP level between MD patients and non-MD control subjects are inconsistent. We propose that the discrepancy of AVP levels during different MD phases may be a potential reason. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to analyze the precise estimate of this hypothesis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane databases from the earliest publication, up until September 2016; references from meta-analyses and related review articles...
December 7, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928741/site-specific-glycosylation-of-the-newcastle-disease-virus-haemagglutinin-neuraminidase
#6
Cassandra L Pegg, Christine Hoogland, Jeffrey J Gorman
Members of the Avulavirus, Respirovirus and Rubulavirus genera of the Paramyxoviridae family of viruses utilise haemagglutinin-neuraminidase glycoproteins as their attachment proteins. These glycoproteins are oligomeric type II integral membrane proteins, which possess haemagglutination and sialidase activity. Previous studies have shown that the N-linked glycans present on these proteins can modulate the ability of the virus to infect host cells and stimulate the host immune system. However, site-specific heterogeneity of these glycans has not been defined...
December 7, 2016: Glycoconjugate Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927667/life-after-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-protocol-for-a-uk-wide-patient-reported-outcomes-study
#7
Amy Downing, Penny Wright, Richard Wagland, Eila Watson, Therese Kearney, Rebecca Mottram, Majorie Allen, Victoria Cairnduff, Oonagh McSorley, Hugh Butcher, Luke Hounsome, Conan Donnelly, Peter Selby, Paul Kind, William Cross, James W H Catto, Dyfed Huws, David H Brewster, Emma McNair, Lauren Matheson, Carol Rivas, Johana Nayoan, Mike Horton, Jessica Corner, Julia Verne, Anna Gavin, Adam W Glaser
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer and its treatment may impact physically, psychologically and socially; affecting the health-related quality of life of men and their partners/spouses. The Life After Prostate Cancer Diagnosis (LAPCD) study is a UK-wide patient-reported outcomes study which will generate information to improve the health and well-being of men with prostate cancer. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Postal surveys will be sent to prostate cancer survivors (18-42 months postdiagnosis) in all 4 UK countries (n=∼70 000)...
December 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926994/microvessels-of-the-heart-formation-regeneration-and-dysfunction
#8
Ioakim Spyridopoulos, Helen M Arthur
This issue of Microcirculation focusses on the special topic of "microvessels of the heart" and contains five state-of-the-art reviews and one expert article that reflect current efforts to address the major gaps in our understanding of these key microvessels. In the adult heart, most attention until recently (especially among the clinical cardiology community) has been given to the main coronary arteries, which are the culprit vessels in patients with coronary artery disease, including its most serious manifestation, acute myocardial infarction (MI)...
December 7, 2016: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924415/detection-of-infectious-bronchitis-virus-793b-avian-metapneumovirus-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-and-mycoplasma-synoviae-in-poultry-in-ethiopia
#9
S Hutton, J Bettridge, R Christley, T Habte, K Ganapathy
A survey was conducted into respiratory infectious diseases of poultry on a chicken breeder farm run by the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), located in Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. Oropharyngeal swabs were collected from 117 randomly selected birds, and blood was taken from a subset of 73 of these birds. A combination of serological and molecular methods was used for detection of pathogens. For the first time in Ethiopia, we report the detection of variant infectious bronchitis virus (793B genotype), avian metapneumovirus subtype B and Mycoplasma synoviae in poultry...
December 6, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919263/derivation-of-chicken-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-tolerant-to-newcastle-disease-virus-induced-lysis-through-multiple-rounds-of-infection
#10
Leonardo Susta, Ying He, Jessica M Hutcheson, Yangqing Lu, Franklin D West, Steven L Stice, Ping Yu, Zaid Abdo, Claudio L Afonso
BACKGROUND: Newcastle disease (ND), caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV), is a devastating disease of poultry and wild birds. ND is prevented by rigorous biocontainment and vaccination. One potential approach to prevent spread of the virus is production of birds that show innate resistance to NDV-caused disease. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology allows adult cells to be reprogrammed into an embryonic stem cell-like state capable of contributing to live offspring and passing on unique traits in a number of species...
December 5, 2016: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917614/abstracts-of-the-rcog-national-trainees-conference-ntc-2016-5-6-december-2016-newcastle-uk
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916170/comparison-of-oncologic-outcomes-between-partial-and-radical-nephrectomy-for-localized-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Liangyou Gu, Xin Ma, Hongzhao Li, Luyao Chen, Yongpeng Xie, Xintao Li, Yu Gao, Yu Zhang, Xu Zhang
To date, there remain uncertainties over the oncological outcomes for partial and radical nephrectomy of localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed. Eligible studies were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases. The endpoints of oncologic outcomes included overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS). Multivariable adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were used to evaluate each endpoint. We used the Newcastle-Ottawa scale to assess risk of bias...
December 2016: Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913979/genetic-diversity-of-the-genotype-vii-newcastle-disease-virus-identification-of-a-novel-viij-sub-genotype
#13
Cong Xue, Yanlong Cong, Renfu Yin, Yixue Sun, Chan Ding, Shengqing Yu, Xiufan Liu, Shunlin Hu, Jing Qian, Qianliang Yuan, Mingxi Yang, Chunfeng Wang, Zhuang Ding
Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious disease of poultry caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV). Multiple genotypes of NDV have been circulating worldwide and NDV is continuously evolving, resulting into more diversity. Of multiple viral genotypes, VII is particularly important given that it had been associated with most recent ND outbreaks worldwide. In this study, an epidemiological investigation performed in northeastern China during 2014-2015 showed that 11 genotype VII isolates amounted to 55 percent in a total number of NDV isolates...
December 2, 2016: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911082/necrotizing-and-haemorrhagic-hepatitis-and-enteritis-in-commercial-layer-pullets
#14
Yuko Sato, William L Wigle, Tsang Long Lin, Eric Gingerich, Patricia S Wakenell
This case report describes an episode of recurring severe necrotizing and haemorrhagic hepatitis and enteritis experienced in a flock of commercial layer pullets at 12 weeks of age and again at 18 weeks of age in Indiana. Pullets had been vaccinated at 10 weeks old using a trivalent Salmonella Enteritidis (SE)/Newcastle disease/infectious bronchitis oil-emulsion-inactivated vaccine. The pullets were found dead at 12 weeks with firm but friable, enlarged, haemorrhagic livers, enlarged spleens, and necrohaemorrhagic intestines...
December 2, 2016: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909739/quantification-of-anticholinergic-and-sedative-drug-load-with-the-drug-burden-index-a-review-of-outcomes-and-methodological-quality-of-studies
#15
REVIEW
Hans Wouters, Helene van der Meer, Katja Taxis
PURPOSE: The Drug Burden Index (DBI) is a non-invasive method to quantify patients' anticholinergic and sedative drug burden from their prescriptions. This systematic review aimed to summarise the evidence on the associations between the DBI and clinical outcomes and methodological quality of studies. METHODS: A search in PubMed and Embase (search terms: 'drug', 'burden', and 'index') was performed and experts were contacted. We excluded publications that did not report empirical results or clinical outcomes...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907898/obstetrical-and-perinatal-outcomes-following-blastocyst-transfer-compared-to-cleavage-transfer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
W P Martins, C O Nastri, L Rienzi, S Z van der Poel, C R Gracia, C Racowsky
STUDY QUESTION: Is blastocyst transfer safe when compared to cleavage stage embryo transfer regarding obstetric and perinatal outcomes? SUMMARY ANSWER: The clinical equipoise between blastocyst and cleavage stage embryo transfer remains as the evidence associating blastocyst transfer with some adverse perinatal outcomes is of low/very low quality. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Extended embryo culture to the blastocyst stage provides some theoretical advantages and disadvantages...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904159/copeptin-as-a-biomarker-for-prediction-of-prognosis-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-and-transient-ischemic-attack-a-meta-analysis
#17
Qian Xu, Yunfan Tian, Hao Peng, Hongmei Li
This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the predictive effect of copeptin as a biomarker for the prognosis of acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. Electronic databases including PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Central were searched for studies assessing the association of copeptin level on admission with prognosis of acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack. The Newcastle-Ottawa Quality assessment scale for cohort study was used to evaluate quality. A total of 1976 acute ischemic stroke patients from 6 studies were included, and 59% of patients were male...
December 1, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902907/thermal-stability-study-of-five-newcastle-disease-attenuated-vaccine-strains
#18
Zineb Boumart, Jihane Hamdi, Samira Daouam, Amal Elarkam, Khalid Omari Tadlaoui, Mehdi El Harrak
Newcastle disease (ND) is a big concern throughout the world because of the devastating losses that can occur with commercial and backyard poultry. The major problem in many countries is the loss of the vaccine's effectiveness due to inadequate use or storage conditions, particularly in hot climates. In the present study, stability of the five, most-used NDV vaccine strains (I-2, LaSota, B1, Clone 30 [C30], and VG-GA) was tested comparatively at different storage temperatures (4 and 37 C for the freeze-dried form and 4, 24, 37, and 45 C for the freeze-dried vaccine reconstituted in diluents)...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902749/risk-factors-associated-with-renal-involvement-in-childhood-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-purpura-a-meta-analysis
#19
Han Chan, Yan-Ling Tang, Xiao-Hang Lv, Gao-Fu Zhang, Mo Wang, Hai-Ping Yang, Qiu Li
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an important cause of chronic kidney disease in children. This meta-analysis identified risk factors associated with renal involvement in childhood HSP. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. The quality of all eligible studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale criteria. An analysis of possible risk factors was conducted to report the odds ratio (OR) and weighted mean difference (WMD)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902314/newcastle-disease-virus-degrades-hif-1%C3%AE-through-proteasomal-pathways-independent-of-vhl-and-p53
#20
Noraini Abd-Aziz, Eric Stanbridge, Norazizah Shafee
Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is a candidate agent for oncolytic virotherapy. Despite its potential, the exact mechanism of its oncolysis is still not known. Recently, we reported that NDV exhibited an increased oncolytic activity in hypoxic cancer cells. These types of cells negatively affect therapeutic outcome by overexpressing pro-survival genes under the control of the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). HIF-1 is a heterodimeric transcriptional factor consisting of a regulated alpha (HIF-1α) and a constitutive beta subunit (HIF-1β)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of General Virology
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