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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149908/exosomal-micrornas-as-potential-circulating-biomarkers-in-gastrointestinal-tract-cancers-a-systematic-review-protocol
#1
Elmira Gheytanchi, Zahra Madjd, Leila Janani, Arezoo Rasti, Roya Ghods, Fatemeh Atyabi, Mohammad Hossein Asadi Lari, Sadegh Babashah
BACKGROUND: Metastasis is the most frequent type of recurrence in gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, and there is an emerging potential for new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, especially in the cases of metastatic GI carcinomas. The expression profiles of circulating exosomal microRNAs are of particular interest as novel non-invasive diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for improved detection of GI cancers in body fluids, especially in the serum of patients with recurrent cancers. The aim of this study is to systematically review primary studies and identify the miRNA profiles of serum exosomes of GI cancers...
November 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149263/vitamin-d-and-assisted-reproductive-treatment-outcome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Justin Chu, Ioannis Gallos, Aurelio Tobias, Bee Tan, Abey Eapen, Arri Coomarasamy
STUDY QUESTION: Is serum vitamin D associated with live birth rates in women undergoing ART? SUMMARY ANSWER: Women undergoing ART who are replete in vitamin D have a higher live birth rate than women who are vitamin D deficient or insufficient. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with an increased risk of abnormal pregnancy implantation as well as obstetric complications such as pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction...
November 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148889/lack-of-detection-of-avian-influenza-newcastle-disease-and-west-nile-viruses-in-wild-birds-of-northeastern-brazil
#3
Camile Lugarini, Renata Hurtado, Jansen de Araujo, Tatiana Ometto, Luciano Thomazelli, Marina de Seixas, Edison Durigon, Jean Carlos Silva
We tested 529 wild birds captured in northeastern Brazil for infection by avian influenza, Newcastle disease, and West Nile. Viruses were not detected by real-time PCR with the exception of one Tropical Gnatcatcher (Polioptila plumbea) positive for influenza virus, but this could not be confirmed by viral isolation or gene sequencing.
November 17, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147043/postpartum-depression-in-india-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Ravi Prakash Upadhyay, Ranadip Chowdhury, Aslyeh Salehi, Kaushik Sarkar, Sunil Kumar Singh, Bireshwar Sinha, Aditya Pawar, Aarya Krishnan Rajalakshmi, Amardeep Kumar
Objective: To provide an estimate of the burden of postpartum depression in Indian mothers and investigate some risk factors for the condition. Methods: We searched PubMed®, Google Scholar and Embase® databases for articles published from year 2000 up to 31 March 2016 on the prevalence of postpartum depression in Indian mothers. The search used subject headings and keywords with no language restrictions. Quality was assessed via the Newcastle-Ottawa quality assessment scale...
October 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145872/correction-to-a-review-of-virulent-newcastle-disease-viruses-in-the-united-states-and-the-role-of-wild-birds-in-viral-persistence-and-spread
#5
Vienna R Brown, Sarah N Bevins
After publication of the article [1], it has been brought to our attention that Newcastle disease virus was incorrectly labeled as a Tier 1 USDA Select Agent. Newcastle disease virus is a USDA Select Agent but it is not a Tier 1 agent.
November 16, 2017: Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145537/the-role-of-iron-in-type-1-diabetes-etiology-a-systematic-review-of-new-evidence-on-a-long-standing-mystery
#6
Karen L Søgaard, Christina Ellervik, Jannet Svensson, Steffen U Thorsen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is rising, which might be due to the influence of environmental factors. Biological and epidemiological evidence has shown that excess iron is associated with beta-cell damage and impaired insulin secretion. AIM: In this review, our aim was to assess the association between iron and the risk of T1D. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed and EMBASE in July 2016. Studies investigating the effect of iron status/intake on the risk of developing T1D later were included, and study quality was evaluated...
July 2017: Review of Diabetic Studies: RDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145463/the-chicken-or-the-egg-exploring-bi-directional-associations-between-newcastle-disease-vaccination-and-village-chicken-flock-size-in-rural-tanzania
#7
Julia de Bruyn, Peter C Thomson, Brigitte Bagnol, Wende Maulaga, Elpidius Rukambile, Robyn G Alders
Newcastle disease (ND) is a viral disease of poultry with global importance, responsible for the loss of a potential source of household nutrition and economic livelihood in many low-income food-deficit countries. Periodic outbreaks of this endemic disease result in high mortality amongst free-ranging chicken flocks and may serve as a disincentive for rural households to invest time or resources in poultry-keeping. Sustainable ND control can be achieved through vaccination using a thermotolerant vaccine administered via eyedrop by trained "community vaccinators"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144878/effect-of-preparation-designs-on-the-prognosis-of-porcelain-laminate-veneers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
N Hong, H Yang, J Li, S Wu, Y Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between preparation designs and prognosis of porcelain laminate veneers (PLVs). METHODS: Electronic and manual literature searches were performed in Medline, Embase, CENTRAL, and Scopus databases for randomized controlled trials and retrospective and prospective cohort studies comparing any two of three preparation designs. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Pooled hazard ratios and risk ratios were used to evaluate the difference between two preparation designs...
November 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143189/oral-hygiene-and-oral-health-in-older-people-with-dementia-a-comprehensive-review-with-focus-on-oral-soft-tissues
#9
REVIEW
Suzanne Delwel, Tarik T Binnekade, Roberto S G M Perez, Cees M P M Hertogh, Erik J A Scherder, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: The number of older people with dementia and a natural dentition is growing. Recently, a systematic review concerning the oral health of older people with dementia with the focus on diseases of oral hard tissues was published. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive literature overview following a systematic approach of the level of oral hygiene and oral health status in older people with dementia with focus on oral soft tissues. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141664/prevalence-and-prognosis-of-acutely-ill-patients-with-organ-failure-at-arrival-to-hospital-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#10
Peter Bank Pedersen, Asbjorn Hrobjartsson, Daniel Lykke Nielsen, Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Mikkel Brabrand, Annmarie Touborg Lassen
BACKGROUND: Acutely ill patients are a heterogeneous group, and some of these suffer from organ failure. As the prognosis of organ failure improves with early treatment, it is important to identify these patients as early as possible. Most studies on organ failure have been performed in intensive care settings, or on selected groups of patients, where a high prevalence and mortality have been reported. Before patients arrive to the intensive care unit, or the general ward, most of them have passed through the emergency department (ED), where diagnosis and treatment has been initiated...
November 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141468/predictive-laboratory-findings-of-lower-extremity-amputation-in-diabetic-patients-meta-analysis
#11
Jong-Lim Kim, Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Suk Choo Chang, Nae-Ho Lee
Lower extremity amputation is a source of morbidity and mortality among diabetic patients. This meta-analysis aimed to identify significant laboratory data in patients with diabetic foot ulcer with high rates of lower extremity amputation. We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. We extracted and evaluated 11 variables from the included studies based on amputation rates. This study used the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale to assess the quality of the studies...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139115/risk-of-stroke-associated-with-use-of-estrogen-containing-contraceptives-in-women-with-migraine-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Huma U Sheikh, Jelena Pavlovic, Elizabeth Loder, Rebecca Burch
OBJECTIVE: Migraine with aura has been associated with increased risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Prior studies have shown a further increase in risk in women using combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs). This has led to guidelines recommending against use of CHCs in this population. We sought to assess whether the risk of stroke is associated with the dose of estrogen and whether there is evidence of synergism between migraine and CHCs. We also sought to assess whether an interaction effect exists between migraine and CHCs...
November 15, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137163/association-between-small-fetuses-and-puberty-timing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Xu Deng, Wenyan Li, Yan Luo, Shudan Liu, Yi Wen, Qin Liu
Background: Epidemiological studies reporting the effect of small fetuses (SF) on puberty development have shown inconsistent results. Objective: To examine current study evidence and determine the strength and direction of the association between SF and puberty timing. Methods: PubMed, OVID, Web of Science, EBSCO, and four Chinese databases were searched from their date of inception to February 2016. All cohort studies that examined the association between SF and puberty timing in children were identified...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134777/epidemiological-investigation-of-h9-avian-influenza-virus-newcastle-disease-virus-tembusu-virus-goose-parvovirus-and-goose-circovirus-infection-of-geese-in-china
#14
X Niu, H Wang, L Wei, M Zhang, J Yang, H Chen, Y Tang, Y Diao
To deepen the knowledge about epidemic prevalence in the goose breeding field, a triplex PCR assay was established, and 478 samples were collected from scaled goose farms in 11 provinces in China. The results of this epidemiological investigation showed that incidence rates of H9 avian influenza and goose circovirus were the highest among five infectious diseases that were evaluated. In addition, the triplex PCR assay established remarkable sensitivity, rapidity and versatility compared to other diagnostic methods...
November 13, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133845/the-prognostic-value-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-urological-cancers-a-meta-analysis
#15
Dong-Yang Li, Xuan-Yu Hao, Tian-Ming Ma, Hui-Xu Dai, Yong-Sheng Song
The relationship of platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and survival in urological cancers remained inconsistent in previous studies. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to assess the prognostic significance of PLR in patients with urological cancers. A literature search was performed in the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science up to July, 2017 and study quality was obtained using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. To estimate the association of PLR and overall survival (OS) and other survival outcomes in urological cancers, we used pooled hazard ratios (HRs)...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132914/comparison-of-cyclopentolate-versus-tropicamide-cycloplegia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Negareh Yazdani, Ramin Sadeghi, Hamed Momeni-Moghaddam, Leili Zarifmahmoudi, Asieh Ehsaei
PURPOSE: The aim of the present meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy of cyclopentolate and tropicamide in controlling accommodation during refraction. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Scopus, Science direct and Ovid databases by the key words: "tropicamide"; "cyclopentolate"; "cycloplegia" and "cycloplegic" from inception to April 2016. Methodological quality of the literature was evaluated according to the Oxford Center for Evidence Based Medicine and modified Newcastle-Ottawa scale...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130235/-a-meta-analysis-on-risk-factors-of-postoperative-perineal-wound-complications-after-abdominoperineal-resection-for-rectal-cancer
#17
Senqi Lu, Xiaofeng Chang, Xiaodong Yang, Decai Yu, Qigen Huang, Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors of postoperative perineal wound complications after abdominoperineal resection for rectal cancer. METHODS: The databases of Medline, Embase, Web of Science, Ovid, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, VIP and WANFANG were searched for the studies of abdominoperineal resection up to October 2016. The quality of the included studies was assessed by using "Cochrane collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias" and "the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale"...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129224/quantification-and-phenotypic-characterisation-of-peripheral-ifn-%C3%AE-producing-leucocytes-in-chickens-vaccinated-against-newcastle-disease
#18
S H Andersen, L Vervelde, K Sutton, L R Norup, E Wattrang, H R Juul-Madsen, T S Dalgaard
The aim of this study was to optimise and evaluate an intracellular cytokine staining (ICS) assay for assessment of T cell IFN-γ responses in chickens vaccinated against Newcastle disease (ND). We aimed to validate currently available antibodies to chicken IFN-γ using transfected CHO cells. Moreover, this ICS assay was evaluated for use to detect mitogen and antigen induced IFN-γ production in chicken peripheral blood leucocytes. Chickens from an inbred white leghorn line containing two MHC haplotypes, B19 and B21, were divided into three experimental groups; one group was kept as naive controls, one group was vaccinated intramuscularly twice with a commercial inactivated ND virus (NDV) vaccine, and the last group was vaccinated orally twice with a commercial live attenuated NDV vaccine...
December 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127490/fetuin-a-levels-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Vivian Yawei Guo, Bing Cao, Chunyan Cai, Kenneth King-Yip Cheng, Bernard Man Yung Cheung
AIMS: Fetuin-A has been linked to insulin resistance and obesity. Its role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) has also been discussed. We aimed to investigate the prospective association of fetuin-A and the risk of T2DM in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of studies from the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Pubmed and Web of Science using fetuin-A, diabetes and various synonyms was conducted up to June 5, 2017. Relevant studies were extracted by two reviewers independently...
November 11, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122446/review-of-the-comparative-effectiveness-of-radical-prostatectomy-radiation-therapy-or-expectant-management-of-localized-prostate-cancer-in-registry-data
#20
REVIEW
Emily C Serrell, Daniel Pitts, Matthew Hayn, Lisa Beaule, Moritz H Hansen, Jesse D Sammon
Evidence regarding the effectiveness of treatment for prostate cancer is primarily based on randomized controlled trials. Long-term outcomes are generally difficult to evaluate within experimental studies and may benefit from large pools of observational data. We conducted a systematic review of administrative and registry studies to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of treatment for clinically localized prostate cancer on overall and prostate-cancer specific mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In accordance with the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis protocols (PRISMA-P, 2015), we conducted a systematic search of Ovid Medline and Embase (1946-February 2017) and identified studies that evaluated the relationship between types of treatment for localized prostate cancer and mortality...
November 6, 2017: Urologic Oncology
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