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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777531/the-directional-and-non-directional-associations-of-periodontitis-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#1
REVIEW
D Zhao, A T Khawaja, L Jin, K-Y Li, M Tonetti, G Pelekos
This systematic review aimed to assess the current evidence on the directional and non-directional associations of periodontitis with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Electronic search for observational studies on the association of periodontitis with CKD was performed in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, Open GREY and Cochrane library up to June 5, 2017. Two reviewers conducted study selection, data collection and assessment of methodological quality using the original and modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Cohort, case-control and cross-sectional studies were included, which clearly defined periodontitis and CKD or reported acceptable clinical parameters of these 2 diseases in adults...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775675/associations-between-angiotensinogen-m235t-polymorphisms-and-the-risk-of-diabetic-nephropathy-a-meta-analysis
#2
Bo Zhou, Min Wen, Ling Mi, Cu-Jiao Hu, Yi Zhang, Jian-Tar Wang, Lei Tang
AIMS: The aim of the present study was to clarify the potential relationship of angiotensinogen (AGT) M235T polymorphism and diabetic nephropathy (DN) risk. METHODS: Comprehensive electronic search in Pubmed, Web of Science, EBSCO, Embase, the Cochrane Library and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) to find original articles about the association between AGT M235T polymorphism and DN risk published before 27 September 2017. Literature quality assessment was performed with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773703/investigating-admitted-patients-satisfaction-with-nursing-care-at-debre-berhan-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Hailegiorgis Teklegiorgis Bizuneh, Hilina Ketema Assefa, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were (1) to assess the level of patient satisfaction with nursing care and (2) to identify factors influencing patient satisfaction. DESIGN: A hospital-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with 252 admitted patients in the medical, surgical and paediatric wards. SETTING: Debre Berhan Referral Hospital, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia, with a catchment population of 2.8 million. PARTICIPANTS: All patients admitted at least for 2 days and capable of independent communication were included...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772306/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Błażej Misiak, Filip Stramecki, Bartłomiej Stańczykiewicz, Dorota Frydecka, Alba Lubeiro
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicates that schizophrenia might be accompanied by abnormal vascularization. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is one of key molecules involved in the development of vessels with vasodilatory activities. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies investigating serum or plasma levels of VEGF in patients with schizophrenia and first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched from their inception until 18th Apr 2018...
May 14, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770614/primary-versus-secondary-tracheoesophageal-puncture-for-voice-rehabilitation-in-laryngectomy-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
Kimberly Luu, Brent A Chang, Dianne Valenzuela, Donald Anderson
BACKGROUND: Among voice restoration options following laryngectomy, tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) appears to be the most common. Currently, there is no consensus that exists with regards to the timing of performing TEP and the decision to perform a primary or secondary TEP has mostly been based on physician preference and expert opinion rather than data. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: The objective of this study was to compare primary and secondary tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) for voice rehabilitation in laryngectomy patients in terms of success and complication rates...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769255/white-matter-hyperintensities-and-their-subtypes-in-patients-with-carotid-artery-stenosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Huirong Ye, Yujie Wang, Jianting Qiu, Qing Wu, Mengmeng Xu, Jian Wang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the association between white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and carotid artery (CA) stenosis. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: CA stenosis was set at ≥50%, and WMHs were assessed by MRI and evaluated quantitatively or semiquantitatively. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library for studies evaluating the association between WMHs and CA stenosis ≥50% from inception to 13 September 2017...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768058/taishan-pinus-massoniana-pollen-polysaccharides-enhance-immune-responses-in-chickens-infected-by-avian-leukosis-virus-subgroup-b
#7
Shifa Yang, Guiming Li, Zengcheng Zhao, Zhongli Huang, Jian Fu, Minxun Song, Shuqian Lin, Ruiliang Zhu
Immunosuppressive virus, which can cause suppressed immunity and vaccination failure, frequently occurs in chicken flocks and seriously destroys the poultry industry. Our previous studies have reported that Taishan Pinus massoniana pollen polysaccharide (TPPPS) possess immunomodulatory effects and improve the immune effects of vaccines. In this study, avian leukosis virus subgroup B (ALV-B) was chosen as immunosuppressive virus to artificially establish immunosuppressive models in chickens, and the immune modulatory ability of TPPPS on the immune response of chickens was evaluated...
May 16, 2018: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766646/psychosocial-variables-and-presence-severity-and-prognosis-of-plantar-heel-pain-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-prognostic-associations
#8
Chris Drake, Adrian Mallows, Chris Littlewood
OBJECTIVE: Plantar heel pain (PHP) is often disabling, and persistent symptoms are common. Psychosocial variables are known to affect pain and disability but the association of these factors with PHP has yet to be established. The purpose of the present systematic review was to determine if psychosocial variables are associated with the presence, severity and prognosis of PHP. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature and qualitative synthesis was carried out...
May 15, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758449/comparison-of-comorbid-depression-between-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#9
Qin Geng, Qing-E Zhang, Fei Wang, Wei Zheng, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Gang Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of comorbid depression is high in chronic gastrointestinal disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). For these two disorders in particular, the findings have not been consistent. This meta-analysis systematically compares the rates and severity of comorbid depression between IBS and IBD patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library, Wan Fang, SinoMed, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure from their inception date to September 12, 2017 for comparative studies on IBS and IBD patients...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758054/effect-of-fusion-protein-cleavage-site-sequence-on-generation-of-a-genotype-vii-newcastle-disease-virus-vaccine
#10
Vinoth K Manoharan, Berin P Varghese, Anandan Paldurai, Siba K Samal
Newcastle disease (ND) causes severe economic loss to poultry industry worldwide. Frequent outbreaks of ND in commercial chickens vaccinated with live vaccines suggest a need to develop improved vaccines that are genetically matched against circulating Newcastle disease virus (NDV) strains. In this study, the fusion protein cleavage site (FPCS) sequence of NDV strain Banjarmasin/010 (Banj), a genotype VII NDV, was individually modified using primer mutagenesis to those of avian paramyxovirus (APMV) serotypes 2, 7 and 8 and compared with the recombinant Banjarmasin (rBanj) with avirulent NDV LaSota cleavage site (rBanj-LaSota)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757048/interprofessional-education-involving-didactic-teamstepps%C3%A2-and-interactive-healthcare-simulation-a-systematic-review
#11
Lauren A Welsch, Johanna Hoch, Rebecca Deal Poston, V Andrea Parodi, Muge Akpinar-Elci
The didactic portion of TeamSTEPPS®, which focuses on teaching teamwork and communication, coupled with interactive simulation methods provides a unique interprofessional education (IPE) learning environment. Across the literature there are a wide variety of such programs described, but there is not a consensus on the most effective methodology. A systematic review was therefore undertaken to synthesize, critically appraise, and evaluate existing literature on IPE programs that utilize didactic TeamSTEPPS in conjunction with interactive healthcare simulation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753952/outcomes-of-mini-vs-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Fu-Gang Wang, Wen-Mao Yan, Ming Yan, Mao-Min Song
BACKGROUND: Mini gastric bypass has been proved to be capable of achieving excellent metabolic results by numerous published studies. Compared to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, mini gastric bypass is a technically simpler and reversible procedure. However, comparative outcomes of the effectiveness between Mini gastric bypass and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass remain unclear. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane library from inception to February 9, 2018...
May 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751089/effect-of-obesity-on-patterns-and-mechanisms-of-injury-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Tarn Stroud, N M Bagnall, Philip H Pucher
BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality globally, especially in younger populations. With an increase in obesity globally, it is important to assess the potential differences in injury pattern and management of obese patients presenting with trauma compared to lean patients to try and improve patient care. This study aims to review the available literature comparing injury patterns between obese and non-obese patients. METHODS: A systematic review of articles which assessed the association between obesity and different patterns of trauma and injury were assessed...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749919/results-of-reoperation-for-failed-ulnar-nerve-surgery-at-the-elbow-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Tinatin Natroshvili, Erik T Walbeehm, Nens van Alfen, Ronald H M A Bartels
OBJECTIVE The clinical results of reoperation for recurrent or persistent ulnar nerve compression at the elbow have not been clearly determined. The aim of this review was to determine overall improvement, residual pain, and sensory and motor deficits following reoperation regardless of the type of primary surgery performed for this condition. METHODS In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations, a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies was performed...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748142/asynchronous-unsupervised-video-enhanced-feedback-as-effective-as-direct-expert-feedback-in-the-long-term-retention-of-practical-clinical-skills-randomised-trial-comparing-2-feedback-methods-in-a-cohort-of-novice-medical-students
#15
James Rammell, Joanna Matthan, Matthew Gray, Lucy R Bookless, Craig I Nesbitt, Paul Rodham, John Moss, Gerard Stansby, Alexander W Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of practical clinical skills' retention over a 7-week period after receiving either video-enhanced direct expert feedback (DEF) or asynchronous unsupervised video-enhanced feedback (UVF). DESIGN: A prospective single-blinded randomized trial was conducted over a 7-week period with novice medical students. Following a generic introduction, PowerPoint presentation and live demonstration of intravenous cannulation was given by an expert, and candidates performed the same task in isolation while being recorded and were randomized to receive either DEF or UVF...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746966/a-systematic-review-of-clinical-outcomes-in-surgical-treatment-of-adult-isthmic-spondylolisthesis
#16
REVIEW
Shaya Noorian, Karen Sorensen, Woojin Cho
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: A variety of surgical methods are available for the treatment of adult isthmic spondylolisthesis, but there is no consensus regarding their relative effects on clinical outcomes. PURPOSE: To compare the effects of different surgical techniques on clinical outcomes in adult isthmic spondylolisthesis. DESIGN: Systematic Review PATIENT SAMPLE: A total of 1,538 patients from six randomized clinical trials and nine observational studies comparing different surgical treatments in adult isthmic spondylolisthesis...
May 7, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740927/are-singleton-pregnancies-after-assisted-reproduction-technology-art-associated-with-a-higher-risk-of-placental-anomalies-compared-with-non-art-singleton-pregnancies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
B G Vermey, A Buchanan, G M Chambers, E M Kolibianakis, J Bosdou, M G Chapman, C A Venetis
BACKGROUND: Placental anomalies (placenta praevia, placental abruption, morbidly adherent placenta and cord insertion anomalies) are associated with maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It has been suggested these might be more prevalent in pregnancies after assisted reproduction technology (ART). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether ART singleton pregnancies are associated with an increased risk of placental anomalies compared with non-ART singleton pregnancies...
May 8, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740890/effect-of-adjuvants-on-in-ovo-vaccination-against-newcastle-disease-on-hatchability-performance-and-antibody-titres-in-commercial-pullets
#18
P Soleimani Roudi, A Golian, A Haghparast, M R Bassami, R Majidzadeh Heravi
This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of in ovo administration of aluminium hydroxide (AH) and/or mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) adjuvants along with lentogenic VG/GA strain-Avinew to alleviate the embryonic pathogenicity of Newcastle disease virus. Six hundred and thirty fertilized Bovans eggs were divided into nine groups of 70 each incubated in a commercial hatchery and administered with eight types of in ovo injections in a factorial design of 2 × 2 × 2 including with/without AH, MOS and Newcastle disease vaccine (NDV), and one uninjected group on day 18 of incubation...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740214/role-of-beclin1-expression-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#19
Chaojie Liang, Wei Li, Hua Ge, Kaitong Zhang, Guangming Li, Jixiang Wu
Background and aim: Beclin1 has been reported as a vital marker for a number of malignant tumors. However, the role of Beclin1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains inconclusive. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the correlation between Beclin1 and its clinicopathological and prognostic values in HCC. Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBASE, Chinese CNKI, and Chinese WanFang databases were searched for published articles on Beclin1 expression in hepatocellular tissues...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739400/prevalence-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-prisoners-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Masoud Behzadifar, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Aziz Rezapour, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major public health problems both in developed and developing countries. Prison represents a high-risk environment for prisoners, in that it is characterized by high-risk behaviors such as injecting drug use (IDU), tattooing, unprotected sexual intercourses, or sharing syringes. The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the prevalence of HCV among Iranian prisoners conducting a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched different scholarly databases including Embase, PubMed/MEDLINE, ISI/Web of Sciences, the Cochrane library, Scopus, CINAHL, and PsycINFO as well as Iranian bibliographic thesauri (namely, Barakatns, MagIran, and SID) up to December 2017...
May 9, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
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