Read by QxMD icon Read

Adult male obsessive eating disorders

Sophie C Schneider, Cynthia M Turner, Jonathan Mond, Jennifer L Hudson
OBJECTIVE: Body dysmorphic disorder typically begins in adolescence, yet little is known about the prevalence and correlates of the disorder in this age group. The current study aimed to explore the presenting features of adolescents meeting probable criteria for body dysmorphic disorder in a large community sample, and compare levels of comorbid psychopathology, quality of life and mental health service use between adolescents with probable body dysmorphic disorder and those without...
August 31, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Jon E Grant
A 19-year-old man is brought to his primary physician by his father, who explains that his son washes his hands a hundred times a day, will not touch anything that has been touched by someone else without scrubbing it first, and has a fear of germs that has left him isolated in his bedroom, unable to eat, and wishing he were dead. Although the father reports that his son has always been finicky, this problem started approximately 2 years ago and has gradually become completely disabling. How should this patient be evaluated and treated?...
August 14, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Mary E Fitzpatrick, Theodore Weltzin
The aim of this study was to investigate the factor structure and psychometric properties of a new brief self-report form of the Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorder Scale (YBC-EDS-BSR) in a transdiagnostic eating disorder population, and to determine the predictive ability of motivation for change and ego syntonic subscales on treatment outcome. Self-report measures of the YBC-EDS-BSR, eating pathology, depression, anxiety and obsessive compulsive symptoms were collected from 164 individuals entering residential treatment...
August 2014: Eating Behaviors
Henny A Visser, Agnes van Minnen, Harold van Megen, Merijn Eikelenboom, Adriaan W Hoogendoorn, Maarten Kaarsemaker, Anton J van Balkom, Patricia van Oppen
BACKGROUND: Studies on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptom severity are scarce. Available studies leave a considerable degree of uncertainty. The present study examines the relationship between ACEs and symptom severity, chronicity, and comorbidity in a sample of patients with OCD. METHOD: Baseline data of the Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study, in which 382 referred patients with DSM-IV-diagnosed OCD participated, were analyzed...
October 2014: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Gemma García-Soriano, Maria Roncero, Conxa Perpiñá, Amparo Belloch
The present study aims to compare the unwanted intrusions experienced by obsessive-compulsive (OCD) and eating disorder (ED) patients, their appraisals, and their control strategies and analyse which variables predict the intrusions' disruption and emotional disturbance in each group. Seventy-nine OCD and 177 ED patients completed two equivalent self-reports designed to assess OCD-related and ED-related intrusions, their dysfunctional appraisals, and associated control strategies. OCD and ED patients experienced intrusions with comparable frequency and emotional disturbance, but OCD patients experienced greater disruption...
May 2014: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Melissa Padham, Imogen Aujla
The Dualistic Model of Passion defines passion as an intense desire or enthusiasm for a self-defining activity that people love, consider important, and devote significant amounts of time and energy to. The model proposes two distinct types of passion, harmonious (HP) and obsessive (OP). HP occurs when the activity is autonomously internalized into the individual's life and identity, while OP is a result of a controlled internalization of the activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and type of passion professional dancers have for dance in relation to their psychological well-being, specifically eating attitudes, self-esteem, and perfectionism...
March 2014: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
Suat Kucukgoncu, Cenk Tek, Emrem Bestepe, Christie Musket, Sinan Guloksuz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and clinical features of night eating syndrome (NES) in a sample of patients with depression. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 155 depressed outpatients. Socio-demographic Form, Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Night Eating Questionnaire were utilised for data collection. RESULTS: Night eating syndrome was identified in 21...
March 2014: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
Albina R Torres, Ygor A Ferrão, Roseli G Shavitt, Juliana B Diniz, Daniel L C Costa, Maria Conceição do Rosário, Euripedes C Miguel, Leonardo F Fontenelle
OBJECTIVE: Panic Disorder (PD) and agoraphobia (AG) are frequently comorbid with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), but the correlates of these comorbidities in OCD are fairly unknown. The study aims were to: 1) estimate the prevalence of PD with or without AG (PD), AG without panic (AG) and PD and/or AG (PD/AG) in a large clinical sample of OCD patients and 2) compare the characteristics of individuals with and without these comorbid conditions. METHOD: A cross-sectional study with 1001 patients of the Brazilian Research Consortium on Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum Disorders using several assessment instruments, including the Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders...
April 2014: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Brian Cook, Trisha M Karr, Christie Zunker, James E Mitchell, Ron Thompson, Roberta Sherman, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Ann Erickson, Stephen A Wonderlich
The purpose of our study was to examine exercise dependence (EXD) in a large community-based sample of runners. The secondary purpose of this study was to examine differences in EXD symptoms between primary and secondary EXD. Our sample included 2660 runners recruited from a local road race (M age = 38.78 years, SD = 10.80; 66.39% women; 91.62% Caucasian) who completed all study measures online within 3 weeks of the race. In this study, EXD prevalence was lower than most previously reported rates (gamma = ...
October 2013: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Claire Gauthier, Christine Hassler, Lama Mattar, Jean-Marie Launay, Jacques Callebert, Howard Steiger, Jean-Claude Melchior, Bruno Falissard, Sylvie Berthoz, Virginie Mourier-Soleillant, François Lang, Marc Delorme, Xavier Pommereau, Priscille Gerardin, Stephanie Bioulac, Manuel Bouvard, Nathalie Godart
Depressive, anxiety and obsessive symptoms frequently co-occur with anorexia nervosa (AN). The relationship between these clinical manifestations and the biological changes caused by starvation is not well understood. It has been hypothesised that reduced availability of tryptophan (TRP) could reduce serotonin activity and thus trigger these comorbid symptoms. The aim of this study, during re-feeding in individuals with AN, was to analyse covariations across measures of nutritional status, depressive and anxiety symptoms, and peripheral serotonin markers...
January 2014: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Deborah L Reas, Øyvind Rø, Sigmund Karterud, Benjamin Hummelen, Geir Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: We assessed and compared the prevalence of anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) across six Axis II groups (borderline, obsessive-compulsive, avoidant, dependent, paranoid, and personality disorder NOS) and patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) without personality disorders (PD). METHOD: The sample included 3,266 consecutive and first admissions to 16 different treatment units in the Norwegian Network of Psychotherapeutic Day Hospitals between 1993 and 2009...
December 2013: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Anna I Guerdjikova, Thomas J Blom, Brian E Martens, Paul E Keck, Susan L McElroy
OBJECTIVE: To assess preliminarily the effectiveness of zonisamide in bulimia nervosa. METHOD: This was an open-label, prospective, 12-week, flexible dose study of zonisamide in bulimia nervosa. The primary outcome was binge-purge episode frequency. RESULTS: Twelve individuals received zonisamide, 10 completed at least one post-baseline evaluation, and six completed the study. Mean dose at endpoint was 420 (SD = 215) mg/day. Zonisamide was associated with significant reductions in frequency of binge-purge episodes and binge-purge days as well as measures of binge eating behavior, purging behavior, clinical severity, obsessive-compulsive features, and depressive symptoms...
November 2013: International Journal of Eating Disorders
Christine Rummel-Kluge, Michael Kluge, Werner Kissling
BACKGROUND: Psychoeducation has been shown to reduce relapse rates in several psychiatric disorders. Studies investigating for which psychiatric diagnoses psychoeducation is offered and assessing its perceived relevance compared to other interventions are lacking. METHODS: A two-part questionnaire addressing these questions was sent to the heads of all psychiatric hospitals in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Results were compared with those from a similar survey 5 years earlier...
2013: BMC Psychiatry
Ulrich Voderholzer, Caroline Schwartz, Nicola Thiel, Anne Katrin Kuelz, Armin Hartmann, Carl Eduard Scheidt, Sandra Schlegl, Almut Zeeck
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated early maladaptive schemas (EMS), schema modes and childhood traumas in patients suffering from obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in contrast to patients with other Axis I disorders. Based on cognitive theories on OCD, our main research question was whether schemas belonging to the domain of 'impaired autonomy and performance' are more prevalent in OCD than in both eating disorders (ED) and chronic pain disorder (CPD). SAMPLING AND METHODS: EMS, schema modes and traumatic childhood experiences were measured in 60 patients with OCD, 41 with ED, 40 with CPD and 142 healthy controls...
2014: Psychopathology
Friederike Barthels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2013: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
Lauren O Pollack, Kelsie T Forbush
The purpose of this study was to use an alternative, dimensionally based approach to understanding the reasons for comorbidity between eating disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Participants from a representative community sample (N=407; 47% female) completed self-report measures of eating pathology, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, perfectionism, and neuroticism. Hierarchical multiple regression indicated that neuroticism and perfectionism completely mediated associations between most obsessive-compulsive and eating disorder symptoms...
April 2013: Eating Behaviors
Astrid von Lojewski, Anna Fisher, Suzanne Abraham
BACKGROUND: There is persuasive evidence for a relationship between eating disorders (EDs) and personality disorders (PDs). Research studies over the last three decades have used various tools to explore PDs in EDs with differing results. We investigated PDs derived from an interview--the International Personality Disorder Examination. METHODS: 132 female inpatients with restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN-R), binge-purging AN, bulimia nervosa (BN) and ED not otherwise specified were interviewed...
2013: Psychopathology
S Dittoni, M Mazza, A Losurdo, E Testani, R Di Giacopo, G Marano, M Di Nicola, B Farina, P Mariotti, S Mazza, G Della Marca
OBJECTIVE: Sleep state misperception (SSM) is a term used in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders to indicate people who mistakenly perceive their sleep as wakefulness. SSM is a form of primary insomnia. The aim of this study was to record psychological functioning measures (anxiety, depression, ability to feel pleasure, obsessive-compulsive traits) in a population of patients with primary insomnia and to evaluate the relationship between these measures and the patients' perception of their sleep...
July 2013: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Elizabeth Goddard, Laura Carral-Fernández, Emma Denneny, Iain C Campbell, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVES: Females are more likely to develop an eating disorder (ED) than males. Studies of affected men may therefore inform models of risk and resilience to EDs. The aim of this study was to examine putative neurocognitive intermediate phenotypes of EDs in affected males. METHODS: Cognitive flexibility, central coherence (global/detail processing), complex emotion recognition and social-threat sensitivity were investigated in men with EDs and healthy men. Measures of distress, perfectionism, and obsessive compulsivity were collected...
May 2014: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
H Blair Simpson, Chad T Wetterneck, Shawn P Cahill, Joanna E Steinglass, Martin E Franklin, Rachel C Leonard, Theodore E Weltzin, Bradley C Riemann
PURPOSE: Eating disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) commonly co-occur, but there is little data for how to treat these complex cases. To address this gap, we examined the naturalistic outcome of 56 patients with both disorders, who received a multimodal treatment program designed to address both problems simultaneously. METHODS: A residential treatment program developed a cognitive-behavioral approach for patients with both OCD and an eating disorder by integrating exposure and response prevention (ERP) treatment for OCD with ERP strategies targeting eating pathology...
2013: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"