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Disaster Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051136/using-google-glass-in-nonsurgical-medical-settings-systematic-review
#1
Bryn Dougherty, Sherif M Badawy
BACKGROUND: Wearable technologies provide users hands-free access to computer functions and are becoming increasingly popular on both the consumer market and in various industries. The medical industry has pioneered research and implementation of head-mounted wearable devices, such as Google Glass. Most of this research has focused on surgical interventions; however, other medical fields have begun to explore the potential of this technology to support both patients and clinicians. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically evaluate the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of using Google Glass in nonsurgical medical settings and to determine the benefits, limitations, and future directions of its application...
October 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050975/disaster-waste-management-in-italy-analysis-of-recent-case-studies
#2
Francesco Gabrielli, Alessia Amato, Susanna Balducci, Lorenzo Magi Galluzzi, Francesca Beolchini
The geomorphology of the Italian territory causes the incidence of many disasters like earthquakes and floods, with the consequent production of large volumes of waste. The management of such huge flows, produced in a very short time, may have a high impact on the whole emergency response. Moreover, historical data related to disaster waste management are often not easily accessible; on the other hand, the availability of data concerning previous events could support the emergency managers, that have to take a decision in a very short time...
October 16, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043571/an-uncertainty-based-framework-to-quantifying-climate-change-impacts-on-coastal-flood-vulnerability-case-study-of-new-york-city
#3
Zahra Zahmatkesh, Mohammad Karamouz
The continued development efforts around the world, growing population, and the increased probability of occurrence of extreme hydrologic events have adversely affected natural and built environments. Flood damages and loss of lives from the devastating storms, such as Irene and Sandy on the East Coast of the USA, are examples of the vulnerability to flooding that even developed countries have to face. The odds of coastal flooding disasters have been increased due to accelerated sea level rise, climate change impacts, and communities' interest to live near the coastlines...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039291/asset-literacy-following-stroke-implications-for-disaster-resilience
#4
Tracey L O'Sullivan, Christine Fahim, Elizabeth Gagnon
OBJECTIVE: The World Stroke Organization "1 in 6" campaign aims to raise awareness that 1 in 6 persons will experience a stroke during their lifetime. With aging populations and improved survival rates, an increased number of survivors live with functional limitations and require supportive care. This has important implications for implementing an all-of-society approach to disaster risk reduction. In this study, we explore the assets that stroke survivors and caregivers consider useful in supporting their capacity to manage routine activities and independent living and to respond to a disaster...
October 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039035/temporal-dynamics-of-land-use-land-cover-change-and-its-prediction-using-ca-ann-model-for-southwestern-coastal-bangladesh
#5
M Tauhid Ur Rahman, Faheemah Tabassum, Md Rasheduzzaman, Humayra Saba, Lina Sarkar, Jannatul Ferdous, Syed Zia Uddin, A Z M Zahedul Islam
Change analysis of land use and land cover (LULC) is a technique to study the environmental degradation and to control the unplanned development. Analysis of the past changing trend of LULC along with modeling future LULC provides a combined opportunity to evaluate and guide the present and future land use policy. The southwest coastal region of Bangladesh, especially Assasuni Upazila of Satkhira District, is the most vulnerable to natural disasters and has faced notable changes in its LULC due to the combined effects of natural and anthropogenic causes...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034230/resilient-health-system-as-conceptual-framework-for-strengthening-public-health-disaster-risk-management-an-african-viewpoint
#6
Olushayo Olu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032912/experiences-of-civilian-nurses-in-triage-during-the-iran-iraq-war-an-oral-history
#7
Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni, Mayumi Kako, Abdolghani Abdollahimohammad
PURPOSE: Nurses played a critical role in performing triage during the Iran-Iraq War. However, their experiences in triage have not been discussed. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the triage experiences of civilian nurses during the Iran-Iraq War. METHODS: Oral history method and in-depth interviews were used to collect data to gain the nurses' experiences in triage. RESULTS: Four themes were extracted from the data, which were the development of triage, challenging environment to perform triage, development of mobile triage teams, and challenges of triage chemical victims for nurses...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017025/global-nursing-in-an-ebola-viral-haemorrhagic-fever-outbreak-before-during-and-after-deployment
#8
Eva von Strauss, Stéphanie Paillard-Borg, Jessica Holmgren, Panu Saaristo
BACKGROUND: Nurses are on the forefront and play a key role in global disaster responses. Nevertheless, they are often not prepared for the challenges they are facing and research is scarce regarding the nursing skills required for first responders during a disaster situation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how returnee nursing staff experienced deployment before, during and after having worked for the Red Cross at an Ebola Treatment Center in Kenema, West Africa, and to supply knowledge on how to better prepare and support staff for viral haemorrhagic fever outbreaks...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994363/mass-casualty-triage-in-the-case-of-carbon-monoxide-poisoning-lessons-learned
#9
Mathieu Pasquier, Fabrice Dami, Pierre-Nicolas Carron, Bertrand Yersin, Rodrigue Pignel, Olivier Hugli
Carbon monoxide (CO) can cause mass intoxication, but no standard triage algorithm specifically addresses CO poisoning. The roles of some recent diagnostic tools in triage as well as treatment with hyperbaric oxygen are controversial. We describe a mass casualty case of CO poisoning involving 77 patients, with a focus on the triage and treatment options decided on-site. The reasons for choosing these options are reviewed, and the pitfalls that occurred and the lessons learned from this major incident are described...
October 10, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994362/perceived-workplace-interpersonal-support-among-workers-of-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plants-following-the-2011-accident-the-fukushima-nuclear-energy-workers-support-news-project-study
#10
Sho Takahashi, Jun Shigemura, Yoshitomo Takahashi, Soichiro Nomura, Aihide Yoshino, Takeshi Tanigawa
OBJECTIVE: The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident was the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl. The Daiichi workers faced multiple stressors (workplace trauma, victim experiences, and public criticism deriving from their company's post-disaster management). Literatures suggest the importance of workplace interpersonal support (WIS) in enhancing psychological health among disaster workers. We sought to elucidate the role of their demographics, disaster-related experiences, and post-traumatic stress symptoms on perceived WIS...
October 10, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992873/the-rapid-disaster-evaluation-system-rades-a-plan-to-improve-global-disaster-response-by-privatizing-the-assessment-component
#11
Kenneth V Iserson
BACKGROUND: Emergency medicine personnel frequently respond to major disasters. They expect to have an effective and efficient management system to elegantly allocate available resources. Despite claims to the contrary, experience demonstrates this rarely occurs. OBJECTIVES: This article describes privatizing disaster assessment using a single-purposed, accountable, and well-trained organization. The goal is to achieve elegant disaster assessment, rather than repeatedly exhorting existing groups to do it...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988080/flood-susceptibility-mapping-using-novel-ensembles-of-adaptive-neuro-fuzzy-inference-system-and-metaheuristic-algorithms
#12
Seyed Vahid Razavi Termeh, Aiding Kornejady, Hamid Reza Pourghasemi, Saskia Keesstra
Flood is one of the most destructive natural disasters which cause great financial and life losses per year. Therefore, producing susceptibility maps for flood management are necessary in order to reduce its harmful effects. The aim of the present study is to map flood hazard over the Jahrom Township in Fars Province using a combination of adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) with different metaheuristics algorithms such as ant colony optimization (ACO), genetic algorithm (GA), and particle swarm optimization (PSO) and comparing their accuracy...
October 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986822/global-spread-of-hemorrhagic-fever-viruses-predicting-pandemics
#13
Jean-Paul Gonzalez, Marc Souris, Willy Valdivia-Granda
As successive epidemics have swept the world, the scientific community has quickly learned from them about the emergence and transmission of communicable diseases. Epidemics usually occur when health systems are unprepared. During an unexpected epidemic, health authorities engage in damage control, fear drives action, and the desire to understand the threat is greatest. As humanity recovers, policy-makers seek scientific expertise to improve their "preparedness" to face future events.Global spread of disease is exemplified by the spread of yellow fever from Africa to the Americas, by the spread of dengue fever through transcontinental migration of mosquitos, by the relentless influenza virus pandemics, and, most recently, by the unexpected emergence of Ebola virus, spread by motorbike and long haul carriers...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979750/epidemiology-of-special-incidents-results-from-national-mortality-and-morbidity-registry-and-the-associated-factors-in-iran-in-2014
#14
Javad Bazeli, Aidin Aryankhesal, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Special incidents are harmful events that can result in people's death or injury. Despite registering special incidents' data in Iran, no study has yet been conducted to identify the types, rates, mortality and morbidity of such incidents and their associated factors. The present study was conducted to assess the epidemiology of incidents and their associated factors during 2014 in Iran. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, all special incidents of 2014 were examined...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974284/a-comparison-of-china-s-risk-communication-in-response-to-sars-and-h7n9-using-principles-drawn-from-international-practice
#15
Wuqi Qiu, Cordia Chu, Xiaohui Hou, Shannon Rutherford, Bin Zhu, Zhendong Tong, Ayan Mao
BACKGROUND: China's emergency management of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was heavily criticized, whereas the H7N9 response was praised by the international community. Aims The aims of this study were to examine and compare the strengths and weaknesses of risk communication conducted in response to SARS and H7N9 and their associated social impacts on affected communities in China. METHOD: A qualitative comparative case study approach was employed in the present study, using a set of 8 risk communication principles selected from international literature to suit the Chinese context for the comparative analysis of emergency responses of SARS and H7N9...
October 4, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965529/safety-needs-of-people-with-disabilities-during-earthquakes
#16
Aidin Aryankhesal, Shahrzad Pakjouei, Mohammad Kamali
OBJECTIVE: The needs of people with disabilities are not taken into account during disasters, and there is no or little preparation for them. Hence, such people are very anxious about their personal safety during disasters. The aim of this study was to explain the safety needs of people with disabilities during earthquakes. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with purposive sampling. A total of 12 people with movement disability, aged between 18 and 60 years, and with an experience of facing earthquakes, participated in semi-structured interviews...
October 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965525/the-general-public-s-attitudes-and-beliefs-regarding-resource-management-collaboration-and-community-assistance-centers-during-disasters
#17
Rachel L Charney, Terri Rebmann, Amy Endrizal, Preeti Dalawari
BACKGROUND: The key to resilience after disasters is the provision of coordinated care and resource distribution to the affected community. Past research indicates that the general public lacks an understanding regarding agencies' roles and responsibilities during disaster response. Study Objectives This study's purpose was to explore the general public's beliefs regarding agencies or organizations' responsibilities related to resource management during disasters. In addition, the public's attitudes towards the management and use of community disaster assistance centers were explored...
October 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961655/engagement-strategies-to-advance-community-centered-primary-care
#18
Lisanne Brown, Jamie Clesi Giepert, Amanda Barrie Black, Heather Farb
The Louisiana Public Health Institute designed and implemented the Primary Care Capacity Project (PCCP) with the purpose of expanding access to high-quality, integrated, and sustainable community-based primary care, including linkages to behavioral health services, as well as environmental and occupational health services. With a primary focus to invest in community health centers across 17 Gulf Coast counties and parishes, PCCP engaged stakeholders, including 4 primary care organizations, over 20 federally qualified health centers, public health institutes, health information exchanges, national experts, academic organizations, and health departments along with their relevant community partners...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957385/additional-risk-of-diabetes-exceeds-the-increased-risk-of-cancer-caused-by-radiation-exposure-after-the-fukushima-disaster
#19
Michio Murakami, Masaharu Tsubokura, Kyoko Ono, Shuhei Nomura, Tomoyoshi Oikawa
The 2011 Fukushima disaster led to increases in multiple risks (e.g., lifestyle diseases and radiation exposure) and fear among the public. Here, we assessed the additional risks of cancer caused by radiation and diabetes related to the disaster and the cost-effectiveness of countermeasures against these conditions. Our study included residents of the cities of Minamisoma and Soma (10-40 km and 35-50 km north of the Fukushima Daiichi (N° 1) Nuclear Power Station, respectively). We used the loss of life expectancy (LLE) as an indicator to compare risks between radiation exposure and diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954685/economics
#20
Miriam E Parcero
A review of literature in calendar year 2016 on topics relating to environmental policies and sustainable development, and economic policies. This review is divided into these sub-sections: sustainable development, irrigation, economics and water management, climate change and disaster risk management, economic growth, water supply policies, water consumption and water access, and water price regulation and water value.
October 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
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