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Disaster Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210762/-impact-assessment-of-inadequate-hospital-disaster-management-reflection-based-on-a%C3%A2-risk-model
#1
E Pfenninger, H Güzelel
BACKGROUND: According to legal regulations alarm and emergency plans have to be developed and kept current in hospitals. However, often neither the hospital administration, nor the medical employees and nursing staff pay the necessary attention to these alarm and evacuation plans. In particular, risks and consequences - including financial ones - due to insufficient planning, are not adequately considered. OBJECTIVES: Risks in hospitals are assessed based on a risk analysis...
February 16, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198649/fatal-drownings-in-fiji
#2
Kathryn Murray, Peter Carter
Drowning is a newly comprehended public health concern in Fiji. Defined as "the process of experiencing respiratory impairment from submersions or immersion in liquid," drowning has been identified as one of Fiji's 5 leading causes of death for those aged 1 to 29 years. The aim of this article was to develop the most parsimonious model that can be used to explain the number of monthly fatal drowning cases in Fiji. Based on a cross-section of 187 drowning incidents from January 2012 to April 2015, this observational study found the number of monthly drownings in Fiji was significantly affected by monthly rainfall ( P = ...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197401/lack-of-cultural-competency-in-international-aid-responses-the-ebola-outbreak-in-liberia
#3
Hannah Grace Southall, Sarah E DeYoung, Curt Andrew Harris
A cornerstone of effective disaster management is that response should always begin and end at the local level (1). The response to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Liberia, West Africa, was a combination of independent efforts by many nations and organizations. Many of these independent efforts ignored or were not able to work with the local levels of emergency management in Liberia. This oversight occurred because of the Liberian's mistrust of both their government and foreign aid groups, as well as the lack of cultural competency demonstrated by the aid groups...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185518/disaster-health-management-a-primer-for-students-and-practitioners-fitzgerald-gerry-tarrant-mike-aitken-peter-et-al-disaster-health-management-a-primer-for-students-and-practitioners-352pp-%C3%A2-39-99-routledge-9781138911185-1138911186-formula-see-text
#4
(no author information available yet)
This comprehensive textbook addresses the history of disaster management, terminology, concepts, principles and trends. While the book refers mainly to Australian policies and guidelines, international examples are offered too.
February 10, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178398/delphi-survey-of-clinical-nursing-and-midwifery-research-priorities-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region
#5
Carolyn Sun, Jennifer Dohrn, Arwa Oweis, Huda Abu-Saad Huijer, Fathieh Abu-Moghli, Hania Dawani, Cheherezade Ghazi, Elaine Larson
PURPOSE: As the shortage of nurses and midwives is expected to worsen in the Eastern Mediterranean region concomitantly with a growing focus on achievement of universal health coverage, nurses and midwives are expected to fill major gaps in health care. Hence, the need for a solid evidence base for nursing practice and a clear direction for clinical nursing research are paramount. Therefore, a Delphi survey was conducted to determine clinical (research focused on patient outcomes) nursing and midwifery priorities for research within this region...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166176/applying-instructional-design-strategies-and-behavior-theory-to-household-disaster-preparedness-training
#6
Tracy N Thomas, Robyn K Sobelson, Corinne J Wigington, Alyson L Davis, Victoria H Harp, Michelle Leander-Griffith, Joan P Cioffi
CONTEXT: Interventions and media campaigns promoting household disaster preparedness have produced mixed results in affecting behaviors. In large part, this is due to the limited application of instructional design strategies and behavior theory, such as the Transtheoretical Model (TTM). This study describes the development and evaluation of Ready CDC, an intervention designed to increase household disaster preparedness among the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) workforce...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157149/improved-methods-for-fire-risk-assessment-in-low-income-and-informal-settlements
#7
REVIEW
John Twigg, Nicola Christie, James Haworth, Emmanuel Osuteye, Artemis Skarlatidou
Fires cause over 300,000 deaths annually worldwide and leave millions more with permanent injuries: some 95% of these deaths are in low- and middle-income countries. Burn injury risk is strongly associated with low-income and informal (or slum) settlements, which are growing rapidly in an urbanising world. Fire policy and mitigation strategies in poorer countries are constrained by inadequate data on incidence, impacts, and causes, which is mainly due to a lack of capacity and resources for data collection, analysis, and modelling...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154787/survivors-solidarity-and-attachment-in-the-immediate-aftermath-of-the-typhoon-haiyan-philippines
#8
Andrea Bartolucci, Michele Magni
INTRODUCTION: Anti-social behavior and self-preservation are often assumed to be normal responses to threats and disasters; on the contrary, decades of research and empirical studies in social sciences showed that pro-social behaviors are frequently common and that solidarity is the typical response to a variety of threats. The main objective of this study is to investigate and describe survivors' behavior, especially solidarity, according to the presence of familiar persons and to the perception of physical danger, elaborating the framework of Mawson's social attachment theory...
January 9, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154358/systemization-of-the-establishment-of-standards-and-future-prospects-toward-the-establishment-of-standards-in-nonstationary-states
#9
Michio Murakami
Although public interest on safety standards is increasing, the evidence and protocols associated with the standards are not known well to the public and even experts. Discussing the evidence of standards is essential for risk communication, and interdisciplinary and systematical understanding on how to establish standards are also beneficial for considering the set-up of new standards. In this article, on the basis of examples in environmental science, industrial health and safety, and radiological protection, I overview and systemize the establishment of the standards from the perspectives of three principles of risk management: 1) "zero-risk-like" standards, 2) "acceptable-risk-based" standards, and 3) "cost-balanced" standards...
2017: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153680/facilitating-emergency-hospital-evacuation-through-uniform-discharge-criteria
#10
Sandra Keret, Meital Nahari, Ofer Merin, Limor Aharonson-Daniel, Sara Goldberg, Bruria Adini
BACKGROUND: Though hospitals' operational continuity is crucial, full institutional evacuation may at times be unavoidable. The study's objective was to establish criteria for discharge of patients during complete emergency evacuation and compare scope of patients suitable for discharge pre/post implementation of criteria. BASIC PROCEDURES: Standards for patient discharge during an evacuation were developed based on literature and disaster managers. The standards were reviewed in a two-round Delphi process...
December 31, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148311/special-considerations-for-mass-violence-events-in-senior-living-facilities-a-case-report-on-the-pinelake-health-and-rehab-center-shooting
#11
Cody Martin, David Powell
The 2009 Pinelake Health and Rehab Center shooting in Carthage, North Carolina, presents a unique case study for examining the specific considerations for mass violence events in senior living facilities. A variety of factors, including reduced sensory perception, reduced mobility, and cognitive decline, may increase the vulnerability of the populations of senior living facilities during mass violence events. Management of response aspects such as evacuation, relocation, and reunification also require special consideration in the context of mass violence at senior living facilities...
February 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142046/effect-of-evacuation-on-liver-function-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-accident-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#12
Atsushi Takahashi, Tetsuya Ohira, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Seiji Yasumura, Masato Nagai, Hiromasa Ohira, Shigeatsu Hashimoto, Hiroaki Satoh, Akira Sakai, Akira Ohtsuru, Yukihiko Kawasaki, Hitoshi Suzuki, Gen Kobashi, Kotaro Ozasa, Shunichi Yamashita, Kenji Kamiya, Masafumi Abe
BACKGROUND: The Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident caused residents to switch from their normal lives to lives focused on evacuation. We evaluated liver function before and after this disaster to elucidate the effects of evacuation on liver function. METHODS: This study was a longitudinal survey of 26,006 Japanese men and women living near the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. This study was undertaken using data from annual health checkups conducted for persons aged 40-90 years between 2008 and 2010...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135192/evacuation-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-was-associated-with-poor-dietary-intake-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#13
Wen Zhang, Tetsuya Ohira, Masafumi Abe, Kenji Kamiya, Shunichi Yamashita, Seiji Yasumura, Akira Ohtsuru, Maeda Masaharu, Mayumi Harigane, Naoko Horikoshi, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirooki Yabe, Michiko Yuuki, Masato Nagai, Hideto Takahashi, Hironori Nakano
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the relationship between living arrangements and dietary intake among evacuees after disasters. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between living arrangements and dietary intake using the data of a large-scale cohort survey of evacuees after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. METHODS: 73,433 residents in evacuation zones responded to the Fukushima Health Management Survey questionnaire. Subjects were excluded if they did not report their living conditions or were missing more than three pieces of information about dietary intake...
January 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134070/earthquake-related-orthopedic-injuries-in-adult-population-a-systematic-review
#14
Michelangelo Bortolin, Ilaria Morelli, Amalia Voskanyan, Nina R Joyce, Gregory R Ciottone
: Introduction Earthquake-related trauma results in crush injuries and bony- and soft-tissue trauma. There are no systematic reviews analyzing the typical injury patterns and treatments in "Mega-Mass-Casualty" earthquakes. The characterization of an injury pattern specific to disaster type, be it natural or manmade, is imperative to build an effective disaster preparedness and response system. METHODS: The systematic review was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134064/utilization-of-functional-exercises-to-build-regional-emergency-preparedness-among-rural-health-organizations-in-the-us
#15
Jannah M Obaid, Ginger Bailey, Heidi Wheeler, Laura Meyers, Sharon J Medcalf, Keith F Hansen, Kristine K Sanger, John J Lowe
Rural communities face barriers to disaster preparedness and considerable risk of disasters. Emergency preparedness among rural communities has improved with funding from federal programs and implementation of a National Incident Management System. The objective of this project was to design and implement disaster exercises to test decision making by rural response partners to improve regional planning, collaboration, and readiness. Six functional exercises were developed and conducted among three rural Nebraska (USA) regions by the Center for Preparedness Education (CPE) at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (Omaha, Nebraska USA)...
January 30, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133626/models-for-the-economics-of-resilience
#16
Stanley Gilbert, Bilal M Ayyub
Estimating the economic burden of disasters requires appropriate models that account for key characteristics and decision making needs. Natural disasters in 2011 resulted in $366 billion in direct damages and 29,782 fatalities worldwide. Average annual losses in the US amount to about $55 billion. Enhancing community and system resilience could lead to significant savings through risk reduction and expeditious recovery. The management of such reduction and recovery is facilitated by an appropriate definition of resilience and associated metrics with models for examining the economics of resilience...
December 2016: ASCE ASME J Risk Uncertain Eng Syst A Civ Eng
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120671/citizenaid
#17
(no author information available yet)
CitizenAID is an easy-to-use app that informs users how to provide care in mass casualty situations, including shootings, knife attacks and bomb incidents. The authors are well known and respected specialists in trauma care and disaster management.
January 25, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115033/development-of-an-evacuation-tool-to-facilitate-disaster-preparedness-use-in-a-planned-evacuation-to-support-a-hospital-move
#18
Ranna A Rozenfeld, Sally L Reynolds, Sherri Ewing, Mary Margaret Crulcich, Michelle Stephenson
OBJECTIVES: Our institution relocated to a new facility 3.5 miles from our original location in Chicago on June 9, 2012. We describe the tools we developed to prepare, execute, and manage our evacuation and relocation. METHODS: Tools developed for the planned evacuation included the following: level of acuity and team composition classification, patient departure checklist, evacuation handoff tool, and a patient tracking system within the electronic health record...
January 24, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111422/humidifier-disinfectant-disaster-what-do-we-know-and-what-are-left-to-be-clarified
#19
Sungkyoon Kim, Domyung Paek
After the initial investigations of Korean CDC in 2011, more than 1,000 suspicious cases of humidifier disinfectant victims were subsequently reported up to 2015, and numbers are still increasing dramatically in 2016 in the midst of prosecutor's office investigation. In this study, we tried to summarize the current understandings of humidifier disinfectant related health effects based upon systemic review of published epidemiologic studies and toxicology investigations. Published studies of humidifier disinfectants were searched through 'pubmed' and 'toxline'?under the heading of 'humidifier disinfectant', and related reports were identified from the references and published report list of regulatory agencies including Korean National Institute of Environmental Research, US Environmental Protection Agency, and EU European Chemicals Agency...
December 4, 2016: Environmental Health and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110630/healthcare-waste-management-during-disasters-and-its-effects-on-climate-change-lessons-from-2010-earthquake-and-cholera-tragedies-in-haiti
#20
Emilia M Raila, David O Anderson
Despite growing effects of human activities on climate change throughout the world, and global South in particular, scientists are yet to understand how poor healthcare waste management practices in an emergency influences the climate change. This article presents new findings on climate change risks of healthcare waste disposal during and after the 2010 earthquake and cholera disasters in Haiti. The researchers analysed quantities of healthcare waste incinerated by the United Nations Mission in Haiti for 60 months (2009 to 2013)...
January 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
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