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Disaster Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446341/emergency-management-and-preparedness-training-for-youth-empty-the-results-of-the-first-swedish-pilot-study
#1
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Johan Berlin, Lina Ljung Roseke, Johan Aremyr, Josef Sörensson, Eric Carlström
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a simulation training in raising a group of young students' personal and situational awareness in disasters and emergencies. METHODS: In total, 25 young students participated in two simulation scenarios representing two actual events, fire, and shooting, using a combination of two validated simulation training (Emergency Management and Preparedness Training for Youth [EMPTY]). The changes in their knowledge and awareness were evaluated by using questionnaires and the whole simulation was evaluated by three independent observers and a reference group...
February 15, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445625/improvement-of-emergency-management-mechanism-of-public-health-crisis-in-rural-china-a-review-article
#2
REVIEW
Jiaxiang Hu, Chao Chen, Tingting Kuai
Background: With the rapid development of social economy in China, various public health emergencies frequently occur. Such emergencies cause a serious threat to human health and public safety, especially in rural China. Owing to flaws in emergency management mechanism and policy, the government is not capable to effectively deal with public health emergencies. Therefore, this study aimed to discuss the path to improve the emergency management mechanism for public health emergency in rural China...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445066/epidemiology-of-pediatric-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-at-school-an-investigation-of-a-nationwide-registry-in-japan
#3
Kosuke Kiyohara, Junya Sado, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Mamoru Ayusawa, Masahiko Nitta, Taku Iwami, Ken Nakata, Yasuto Sato, Noriko Kojimahara, Naohito Yamaguchi, Tomotaka Sobue, Yuri Kitamura
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in school settings is important to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and better prognosis.Methods and Results:The Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a nationwide prospective observational study linking databases from 2 nationally representative registries, the Injury and the Accident Mutual Aid Benefit System of The Japan Sport Council and the All-Japan Utstein Registry of the Fire and Disaster Management Agency...
February 15, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433011/cling-film-plastic-wrap-an-innovation-for-dead-body-packaging-preservation-and-transportation-by-first-responders-as-a-replacement-for-cadaver-body-bag-in-large-scale-disasters
#4
Lay See Khoo, Poh Soon Lai, Mohd Hilmi Saidin, Zahari Noor, Mohd Shah Mahmood
Cadaver body bags are the conventional method to contain a human body or human remains, which includes the use for storage and transportation of the deceased at any crime scene or disaster scene. During disasters, most often than not, the first responders including the police will be equipped with cadaver body bags to do scene processing of human remains and collection of personal belongings at the disaster site. However, in an unanticipated large scale disasters involving hundreds and thousands of fatalities, cadaver body bags supplies may be scarce...
February 9, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426031/quantitative-design-of-emergency-monitoring-network-for-river-chemical-spills-based-on-discrete-entropy-theory
#5
Bin Shi, Jiping Jiang, Bellie Sivakumar, Yi Zheng, Peng Wang
Field monitoring strategy is critical for disaster preparedness and watershed emergency environmental management. However, development of such is also highly challenging. Despite the efforts and progress thus far, no definitive guidelines or solutions are available worldwide for quantitatively designing a monitoring network in response to river chemical spill incidents, except general rules based on administrative divisions or arbitrary interpolation on routine monitoring sections. To address this gap, a novel framework for spatial-temporal network design was proposed in this study...
February 3, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423875/emergency-medicine-in-the-kingdom-of-bahrain
#6
Feras Abuzeyad, Leena Alqusem, Mudhaffar I Al Farras, Shaikha S Al Jawder, Ghada Al Qasim, Salah Alghanem
It has been more than a decade since emergency medicine became recognized as a specialty in the Kingdom of Bahrain. In the last fifteen years emergency medicine has widely established itself and developed rapidly in the Kingdom. The three main emergency departments are: Salmanyia Medical Complex (SMC), Royal Medical Services of Bahrain Defence Force (RMS-BDF) and King Hamad University Hospital (KHUH) are now fully equipped and operated by a majority of board certified emergency physicians.Standardized protocols, and the Central National Ambulance will be established in the near future, and the ambulances will offer both basic and advanced life support by trained nurses and paramedics...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417075/meta-evaluation-of-published-studies-on-evaluation-of-health-disaster-preparedness-exercises-through-a-systematic-review
#7
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Hamid Reza Khankeh, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Ahmad Reza Raeisi
OBJECTIVE: Exercise evaluation is one of the most important steps and sometimes neglected in designing and taking exercises, in this stage of exercise, it systematically identifying, gathering, and interpreting related information to indicate how an exercise has fulfilled its objectives. The present study aimed to assess the most important evaluation techniques applied in evaluating health exercises for emergencies and disasters. METHODS: This was meta-evaluation study through a systematic review...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415716/disaster-impacts-on-cost-and-utilization-of-medicare
#8
Nathanael Rosenheim, Shannon Grabich, Jennifer A Horney
BACKGROUND: To estimate changes in the cost and utilization of Medicare among beneficiaries over age 65 who have been impacted by a natural disaster, we merged publically available county-level Medicare claims for the years 2008-2012 with Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) data related to disasters in each U.S. County from 2007 to 2012. METHODS: Fixed-effects generalized linear models were used to calculate change in per capita costs standardized by region and utilization per 1000 beneficiaries at the county level...
February 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409565/the-management-of-the-khan-al-assal-chemical-attack-in-aleppo-university-hospital-auh
#9
M Ihsan Kaadan, Hilarie Cranmer
On March 19, 2013, Khan al-Assal was attacked with chemical weapons. In total, 20 people were killed and an additional 124 were injured; 63 people were cared for at Aleppo University Hospital on that day, where 14 died, all of them were civilians; 7 men, 6 women, and 1 child. This is a brief first hand report, for what has now become a more frequent, more deadly and horrific event in the lives of many Syrians. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2018;page 1 of 3).
February 7, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401509/dna-methylation-mediates-the-effect-of-maternal-cognitive-appraisal-of-a-disaster-in-pregnancy-on-the-child-s-c-peptide-secretion-in-adolescence-project-ice-storm
#10
Lei Cao-Lei, Kelsey N Dancause, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Moshe Szyf, Suzanne King
Animal and human studies suggest that prenatal exposure to stress is associated with adverse health outcomes such as type 2 diabetes. Epigenetic modification, such as DNA methylation, is considered one possible underlying mechanism. The 1998 Quebec ice storm provides a unique opportunity to study an independent prenatal stressor on child outcomes. C-peptide is the best measure of endogenous insulin secretion and is widely used in the clinical management of patients with diabetes. The objectives of this study are to determine 1) the extent to which prenatal exposure to disaster-related stress (maternal objective hardship and maternal cognitive appraisal) influences children's C-peptide secretion, and 2) whether DNA methylation of diabetes-related genes mediates the effects of prenatal stress on C-peptide secretion...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401474/medicine-procurement-in-hospital-pharmacies-of-nepal-a-qualitative-study-based-on-the-basel-statements
#11
Mina Shrestha, Rebekah Moles, Eurek Ranjit, Betty Chaar
BACKGROUND: Accessibility and affordability of evidence-based medicines are issues of global concern. For low-income countries like Nepal, it is crucial to have easy and reliable access to affordable, good-quality, evidence-based medicines, especially in the aftermath of natural or manmade disasters. Availability of affordable and evidence-based high quality medicines depends on the medicine procurement procedure, which makes it an important aspect of healthcare delivery. In this study, we aimed to investigate medicine procurement practices in hospital pharmacies of Nepal within the framework of International Pharmaceutical Federation [FIP] hospital pharmacy guidelines "the Basel Statements"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396388/the-significance-of-witness-sensors-for-mass-casualty-incidents-and-epidemic-outbreaks
#12
Chih-Long Pan, Chih-Hao Lin, Yan-Ren Lin, Hsin-Yu Wen, Jet-Chau Wen
Due to the increasing number of natural and man-made disasters, mass casualty incidents occur more often than ever before. As a result, health care providers need to adapt in order to cope with the overwhelming patient surge. To ensure quality and safety in health care, accurate information in pandemic disease control, death reduction, and health quality promotion should be highlighted. However, obtaining precise information in real time is an enormous challenge to all researchers of the field. In this paper, innovative strategies are presented to develop a sound information network using the concept of "witness sensors...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394899/menstrual-hygiene-management-among-women-and-adolescent-girls-in-the-aftermath-of-the-earthquake-in-nepal
#13
Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Meika Bhattachan, Enrique Castro-Sánchez, Reshu Agrawal Sagtani, Rajan Bikram Rayamajhi, Pramila Rai, Gaurav Sharma
BACKGROUND: Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is an essential aspect of hygiene for women and adolescent girls between menarche and menopause. Despite being an important issue concerning women and girls in the menstruating age group MHM is often overlooked in post-disaster responses. Further, there is limited evidence of menstrual hygiene management in humanitarian settings. This study aims to describe the experiences and perceptions of women and adolescent girls on menstrual hygiene management in post-earthquake Nepal...
February 2, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393841/the-infectious-disease-network-idn-development-and-use-for-evaluation-of-potential-ebola-cases-in-georgia
#14
Alezandria K Turner, Robert K Wages, Kelly Nadeau, Laura Edison, Peki F Prince, Earnest R Doss, Cherie Drenzek, Patrick O'Neal
In response to the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa, the Georgia Department of Public Health developed the Infectious Disease Network (IDN) based on an EVD preparedness needs assessment of hospitals and Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers. The network consists of 12 hospitals and 16 EMS providers with staff specially trained to provide a coordinated response and utilize appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) for the transport or treatment of a suspected or confirmed serious communicable disease patient...
February 2, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385096/landslide-susceptibility-assessment-using-spatial-multi-criteria-evaluation-model-in-rwanda
#15
Jean Baptiste Nsengiyumva, Geping Luo, Lamek Nahayo, Xiaotao Huang, Peng Cai
Landslides susceptibility assessment has to be conducted to identify prone areas and guide risk management. Landslides in Rwanda are very deadly disasters. The current research aimed to conduct landslide susceptibility assessment by applying Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation Model with eight layers of causal factors including: slope, distance to roads, lithology, precipitation, soil texture, soil depth, altitude and land cover. In total, 980 past landslide locations were mapped. The relationship between landslide factors and inventory map was calculated using the Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377078/impact-of-climate-change-on-dermatological-conditions-related-to-flooding-update-from-the-international-society-of-dermatology-climate-change-committee
#16
REVIEW
Johannes F Dayrit, Lunardi Bintanjoyo, Louise K Andersen, Mark Dennis P Davis
Climate change contributes to the increase in severity and frequency of flooding, which is the most frequent and deadly disaster worldwide. Flood-related damage can be very severe and include health effects. Among those health impacts, dermatological diseases are one of the most frequently encountered. Both infectious and noninfectious dermatological conditions are increasing after flooding. We searched PubMed using the search term climate change OR global warming OR rainfall OR flooding OR skin. Articles published in the English-language literature were included...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366618/an-impaled-potential-unexploded-device-in-the-civilian-trauma-setting-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Lane C Thaut, Andrew S Murtha, Anthony E Johnson, Jamie L Roper
BACKGROUND: The management of patients with impaled unexploded devices is rare in the civilian setting. However, as the lines of the traditional battlefield are blurred by modern warfare and terrorist activity, emergency providers should be familiar with facility protocols, plans, and contact information of their local resources for unexploded devices. CASE REPORT: A 44-year-old male sustained a close-proximity blast injury to his lower extremities while manipulating a mortar-type firework...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364411/-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pediatric-infections-during-natural-disasters
#18
Flavia Morán, Theresa J Ochoa
The objective of this review was to provide guidelines regarding the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the most common infectious diseases in children during natural disasters, including floods such as those that occurred in the summer of 2017 in Peru. This instrument should be used by physicians and health personnel working in primary health care. The management of diarrheal, respiratory, skin, and eye diseases, vector-transmitted diseases such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika, and zoonoses such as leptospirosis is discussed...
October 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362014/use-of-the-community-assessment-for-public-health-response-casper-method-by-public-health-agencies-in-texas-2001-2015
#19
Kayla Cross, Jennifer A Horney
OBJECTIVES: The use of the Community Assessment for Public Health Emergency Response (CASPER) method in disaster and non-disaster settings continues to grow. While CASPERs flexibility has been well demonstrated, the documentation of specific actions that have resulted from the utilization of CASPER data has been limited. We attempted to document changes in emergency preparedness planning and policy based on CASPER data. METHODS: Written reports from 19 CASPERs conducted in Texas between 2001 and 2015 were collected...
January 24, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362006/disaster-preparedness-in-primary-care-ready-or-not
#20
Micheleen Hashikawa, Katherine J Gold
Purpose To assess perceptions and attitudes toward disasters and disaster planning among outpatient primary care leaders. METHODS: Written surveys and semi-structured interviews of non-physician clinical managers and physician medical directors were conducted using the 2009 H1N1 pandemic as a case-based scenario at 5 university-affiliated family medicine clinics. Domains assessed included perceived pandemic threat; value, existence, and barriers to creating personal disaster plans; staff absenteeism estimates; barriers to work attendance...
January 24, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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