keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disaster Management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721171/response-to-an-unusual-outbreak-in-a-high-risk-situation
#1
Mahmood Muazu Dalhat, Olufunmilayo Ibitola Fawole, Patrick Mboya Nguku, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Casey Daniel Hall, Nasir Sani-Gwarzo
In 2010, a series of lead poisoning outbreaks linked to artisanal gold processing killed at least 400 young children in Zamfara State in northwestern Nigeria. There were several efforts to respond to the outbreaks as they occurred. Subsequent recurrence of lead poisoning outbreaks within Zamfara and beyond suggested that there were no efforts to mitigate the outbreaks as recommended for disaster management. This case study, to be completed within 3 hours, is suitable for senior level public health officials and those training for such positions...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718093/evolvement-rules-of-basin-flood-risk-under-low-carbon-mode-part-ii-risk-assessment-of-flood-disaster-under-different-land-use-patterns-in-the-haihe-basin
#2
Fawen Li, Liping Wang, Yong Zhao
Land use pattern contains a large amount of information about the flood hazard-formative environments, which is the most sensitive factor in hazard-formative environments. In this paper, based on the land use pattern in 2008 (the base year) and in 2020 (the planning year), the comparative analysis of flood disaster risk changes in Haihe basin were studied by the spatial analysis function of ARCGIS and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The results showed the flood disaster risk in Haihe basin had an obvious zonality in the space, among which low risk was located in the northwest regions, and high risk was located in the southeast regions...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713518/examining-non-structural-retrofitting-status-of-teaching-hospitals-in-kerman-against-disasters
#3
Mahmood Nekooi Moghadam, Seyed Mobin Moradi, Mohammadreza Amiresmaili
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Continuous services provision of a hospital before and after a disaster is one of the most prominent issues that all people, especially the authorities must take into huge consideration. Concerning the experiences of previous earthquakes, the role and importance of nonstructural components becomes increasingly clear in the uninterrupted services of hospitals. In this study, non-structural retrofitting status of Kerman teaching hospitals was evaluated against natural disasters...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712203/now-or-never-public-health-issues-requiring-urgent-attention
#4
Intisar Ulhaq
Pakistan is a developing country and most of its population is based in rural areas. Over the last two decades' significant changes have occurred in the health system in an attempt to improve the health care in general with a particular emphasis in the health of people living in rural areas. Despite these efforts, significant development and planning is required to improve the health of nation. Undoubtedly ministry of health has taken practical steps in tacking some serious health issues such as polio. However, the fact remains that there are a number of public health issues which if not addressed on an urgent basis, there is a great danger that the implications would be huge with unbearable consequences...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692729/availability-of-definitive-hospital-care-for-children
#5
Urbano L França, Michael L McManus
Importance: Timely and efficient access to hospital care is essential for the health and well-being of children. As insurance networks, accountable care organizations, and alternative payment methods evolve, these new systems of care must continue to serve the needs of children. Objective: To test the hypothesis that the availability of definitive pediatric hospital care is significantly more limited than adult care and is decreasing disproportionately. Design: This study used case mix data during fiscal years 2004 through 2014 to measure transfer frequency and identify the site of care completion for all patients seen in acute care hospitals throughout Massachusetts...
July 10, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680866/the-effect-of-start-triage-education-on-knowledge-and-practice-of-emergency-medical-technicians-in-disasters
#6
Mahboub Pouraghaei, Jaafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Payman Moharamzadeh, Rozbeh Rajaei Ghafori, Farzad Rahmani, Baharak Najafi Mirfakhraei
Introduction: Pre-hospital triage is one of the most fundamental concepts in emergency management. Limited human resource changes triage to an inevitable solution in the management of disasters. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of education of simple triage and rapid treatment (START) in the knowledge and practice of Emergency Medical Service (EMS) employees of Eastern Azerbaijan. Methods: This is a pre-and post-intervention study conducted on two hundred and five (205) of employees of EMS sector, in the disaster and emergency management center of Eastern Azerbaijan Province, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667851/natural-disasters-and-climate-change-call-for-the-urgent-decentralization-of-urban-water-systems
#7
Ian Vázquez-Rowe, Ramzy Kahhat, Yago Lorenzo-Toja
Lima is gradually upgrading its urban water cycle to comply with improved sanitation standards, with the aim of treating the entire flow of water and wastewater that it creates. However, this paper examines the basic characteristics of the main treatment systems that are currently in operation in the Peruvian capital, highlighting the myopic and inefficient nature of these investments. It digs deep in the debate between centralized and decentralized water management systems in a city that is exposed to numerous hydro-meteorological and geological hazards...
June 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667718/acquired-methemoglobinemia-a-sporadic-holi-disaster
#8
Sanjeevani Satish Masavkar, Anupama Mauskar, Gaurav Patwardhan, Vasudeva Bhat, Mamta V Manglani
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical profile and outcome in patients with methemoglobinemia following exposure to toxic colors during Holi festival. METHODS: This retrospective study included 112 children (5 to 12 years) admitted with methemoglobinemia after playing Holi. Clinical and treatment details were reviewed. RESULTS: The common symptoms were giddiness, vomiting and headache. Treatment included thorough skin wash, intravenous fluid and methylene blue in 111 children...
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666195/political-and-environmental-attitude-toward-participatory-energy-and-environmental-governance-a-survey-in-post-fukushima-japan
#9
Hidenori Nakamura
The Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent Fukushima nuclear accident triggered citizen dialogue on energy and environmental management in Japan. However, an international survey has shown that the willingness of Japanese citizens to participate in political and social activities has declined since the Fukushima accident. Employing an internet-based survey in four urban or nuclear power plant-hosting prefectures in Japan, this study examines the willingness to participate in random sampling deliberation on post-disaster energy and environmental policy...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665445/medical-rehabilitation-in-disaster-relief-towards-a-new-perspective
#10
Bhasker Amatya, Mary Galea, Jianan Li, Fary Khan
With increasing frequency of natural disasters, there has been greater focus recently on the importance and role of rehabilitation services in disaster management. In past disasters, rehabilitative needs were often neglected, with emphasis on acute response plans focused on saving lives and treating acute injuries. There was a lack of, or inadequate, rehabilitation-inclusive disaster response plans and rehabilitation services in many disaster-prone developing countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) Emergency Medical Team (EMT) initiative recognizes rehabilitation as an integral part of medical response and patient-centred care in disaster settings...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662638/how-life-stressors-influence-modifiable-lifestyle-factors-depressive-symptoms-and-physical-and-mental-health-among-vietnamese-older-women
#11
Tiet-Hanh Dao-Tran, Debra Anderson, Charrlotte Seib
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated that exposure to life stressors can influence health through a number of pathways. However, knowledge about the patterns of life stressors and their contributions to health in different populations is limited. Vietnamese older women have attracted little research to date in this area. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used an interview-administered-questionnaire to collect data from 440 Vietnamese older women. Descriptive analysis was used to describe life stressors among Vietnamese older women...
June 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662450/dynamics-and-ecological-risk-assessment-of-chromophoric-dissolved-organic-matter-in-the-yinma-river-watershed-rivers-reservoirs-and-urban-waters
#12
Sijia Li, Jiquan Zhang, Enliang Guo, Feng Zhang, Qiyun Ma, Guangyi Mu
The extensive use of a geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing in ecological risk assessment from a spatiotemporal perspective complements ecological environment management. Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM), which is a complex mixture of organic matter that can be estimated via remote sensing, carries and produces carcinogenic disinfection by-products and organic pollutants in various aquatic environments. This paper reports the first ecological risk assessment, which was conducted in 2016, of CDOM in the Yinma River watershed including riverine waters, reservoir waters, and urban waters...
June 26, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659831/stress-and-burnout-in-health-care-workers-after-the-2009-l-aquila-earthquake-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#13
Antonella Mattei, Fabiana Fiasca, Mariachiara Mazzei, Stefano Necozione, Valeria Bianchini
Burnout is a work-related mental health impairment, which is now recognized as a real problem in the context of the helping professions due to its adverse health outcomes on efficiency. To our knowledge, the literature on the postdisaster scenario in Italy is limited by a focus on mental health professionals rather than other health-care workers. Our cross-sectional study aims to evaluate the prevalence of burnout and psychopathological distress in different categories of health-care workers, i.e., physicians, nurses, and health-care assistants, working in different departments of L'Aquila St...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659215/how-evacuees-obtained-health-care-information-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-qualitative-interview-study
#14
Haruka Ota, Kikuko Miyazaki, Takeo Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: To explore how evacuees obtained health care information at their evacuation destinations after the Great East Japan Earthquake. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews of 11 evacuees who moved to City A in Kyoto Prefecture following the Great East Japan Earthquake. The interviews explored how the evacuees obtained health care information, including the main factors of influence. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed to identify trends by using the constant comparative method...
June 29, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656653/flood-risk-management-exploring-the-impacts-of-the-community-rating-system-program-on-poverty-and-income-inequality
#15
Douglas S Noonan, Abdul-Akeem A Sadiq
Flooding remains a major problem for the United States, causing numerous deaths and damaging countless properties. To reduce the impact of flooding on communities, the U.S. government established the Community Rating System (CRS) in 1990 to reduce flood damages by incentivizing communities to engage in flood risk management initiatives that surpass those required by the National Flood Insurance Program. In return, communities enjoy discounted flood insurance premiums. Despite the fact that the CRS raises concerns about the potential for unevenly distributed impacts across different income groups, no study has examined the equity implications of the CRS...
June 27, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653582/waste-management-outlook-for-mountain-regions-sources-and-solutions
#16
Larisa Semernya, Aditi Ramola, Björn Alfthan, Claudia Giacovelli
Following the release of the global waste management outlook in 2015, the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment), through its International Environmental Technology Centre, is elaborating a series of region-specific and thematic waste management outlooks that provide policy recommendations and solutions based on current practices in developing and developed countries. The Waste Management Outlook for Mountain Regions is the first report in this series. Mountain regions present unique challenges to waste management; while remoteness is often associated with costly and difficult transport of waste, the potential impact of waste pollutants is higher owing to the steep terrain and rivers transporting waste downstream...
June 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644172/disaster-management-communication-up-across-and-down
#17
Sharon L Farra, Elaine T Miller, Matthew Gneuhs, Whittney Brady, Emily Cosgrove, Ashley Simon, Nathan Timm, Jackie Hausfeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642628/particulate-air-pollution-from-wildfires-in-the-western-us-under-climate-change
#18
Jia Coco Liu, Loretta J Mickley, Melissa P Sulprizio, Francesca Dominici, Xu Yue, Keita Ebisu, Georgiana Brooke Anderson, Rafi F A Khan, Mercedes A Bravo, Michelle L Bell
Wildfire can impose a direct impact on human health under climate change. While the potential impacts of climate change on wildfires and resulting air pollution have been studied, it is not known who will be most affected by the growing threat of wildfires. Identifying communities that will be most affected will inform development of fire management strategies and disaster preparedness programs. We estimate levels of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) directly attributable to wildfires in 561 western US counties during fire seasons for the present-day (2004-2009) and future (2046-2051), using a fire prediction model and GEOS-Chem, a 3-D global chemical transport model...
October 2016: Climatic Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633912/life-cycle-assessment-and-life-cycle-costs-for-pre-disaster-waste-management-systems
#19
Yohei Wakabayashi, Tsai Peii, Tomohiro Tabata, Takashi Saeki
This study develops a method of environmental and economic evaluation of an integrated disaster waste management system that considers the spatial scale of removal, transport, and treatment of disaster waste. A case study was conducted on combustibles, which is a type of disaster waste derived from dwellings, in Mie Prefecture, Japan. First, we calculated the quantity and the spatial distribution of disaster waste derived from dwellings and tsunami debris produced as a result of a large-scale earthquake. The quantity of disaster waste was estimated as 7,178,000t with functioning flood-preventing facilities and 11,956,000t without functioning flood prevention facilities...
June 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630705/physiological-effects-of-stress-related-to-helicopter-travel-in-federal-emergency-management-agency-search-and-rescue-canines
#20
E Perry, N Gulson, T-W Liu Cross, K S Swanson
Working canines are deployed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as part of a National Disaster Response Plan. Stress associated with helicopter flight and the resulting physical effects on the dog are unknown. Our objective was to test the hypotheses that (1) helicopter travel affects the physiology and faecal microbiota of working canines, but that (2) physiological consequences of helicopter travel will not negatively affect their work performance. A total of nine FEMA canines were loaded onto helicopters and flown for 30 min in July 2015...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
keyword
keyword
65618
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"