keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disaster Management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330405/the-fukushima-nuclear-accident-affected-mothers-depression-but-not-maternal-confidence
#1
Aya Goto, Evelyn J Bromet, Misao Ota, Akira Ohtsuru, Seiji Yasumura, Keiya Fujimori
The Fukushima nuclear power plant accident caused widespread radiation contamination. Mothers of young children were at risk of negative emotional and mental health consequences. Using data from 2 independent prefecture-wide surveys of pregnant women, we examined the associations of disaster-related stressors with both maternal self-confidence and depressive symptoms. Two postal surveys were conducted targeting women who registered their pregnancies in Fukushima Prefecture (n = 6686 in 2012 and n = 6423 in 2013)...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330403/communicating-with-residents-about-risks-following-the-fukushima-nuclear-accident
#2
Michio Murakami, Akiko Sato, Shiro Matsui, Aya Goto, Atsushi Kumagai, Masaharu Tsubokura, Makiko Orita, Noboru Takamura, Yujiro Kuroda, Sae Ochi
The Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011 posed major threats to public health. In response, medical professionals have tried to communicate the risks to residents. To investigate forms of risk communication and to share lessons learned, we reviewed medical professionals' activities in Fukushima Prefecture from the prefectural level to the individual level: public communication through Fukushima Health Management Surveys, a Yorozu ("general") health consultation project, communications of radiological conditions and health promotion in Iitate and Kawauchi villages, dialogues based on whole-body counter, and science communications through online media...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330402/fukushima-mothers-concerns-and-associated-factors-after-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-disaster
#3
Shinya Ito, Aya Goto, Kayoko Ishii, Misao Ota, Seiji Yasumura, Keiya Fujimori
This study aimed to clarify the frequency of and temporal changes in the content of mothers' free written opinions obtained in the Fukushima Health Management Survey Pregnancy and Birth Survey from 2011 to 2013. A self-administered questionnaire was mailed to women who delivered babies in Fukushima Prefecture. The questionnaire asked about maternal and child health. Expression of mothers' concerns about radiation decreased over time. Common to the top 5 codes across the 3 years were "radiation effect on fetus and infant" and "information provision including survey results...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330394/changes-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake
#4
Tetsuya Ohira, Hironori Nakano, Masato Nagai, Yui Yumiya, Wen Zhang, Mayu Uemura, Akira Sakai, Shigeatsu Hashimoto
The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March 11, 2011, and was followed by a nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. The government ordered a mandatory evacuation from the high radioactive concentration area in Fukushima. This evacuation may have forced many evacuees to change specific aspects of their lifestyles such as diet and physical activity, which in turn may lead to future incidence of lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). To address this concern, the association between the evacuation and changes in CVD risk factors before and after the disaster was examined in the Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330393/exercise-habits-are-important-for-the-mental-health-of-children-in-fukushima-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-disaster
#5
Shuntaro Itagaki, Mayumi Harigane, Masaharu Maeda, Seiji Yasumura, Yuriko Suzuki, Hirobumi Mashiko, Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hirooki Yabe
After the Great East Japan Earthquake and the subsequent nuclear reactor accident, the outdoor activities of children greatly decreased. We investigated adverse effects on the exercise habits and mental health of children after the disaster. The target subjects were children aged 6 to 15 years living inside the government-designated evacuation zone as of March 11, 2011 (n = 29  585). The subjects' parents/guardians completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and exercise habit data were obtained from the 2011 Fukushima Health Management Survey...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318478/disaster-education-a-survey-study-to-analyze-disaster-medicine-training-in-emergency-medicine-residency-programs-in-the-united-states
#6
Ritu R Sarin, Srihari Cattamanchi, Abdulrahman Alqahtani, Majed Aljohani, Mark Keim, Gregory R Ciottone
BACKGROUND: The increase in natural and man-made disasters occurring worldwide places Emergency Medicine (EM) physicians at the forefront of responding to these crises. Despite the growing interest in Disaster Medicine, it is unclear if resident training has been able to include these educational goals. Hypothesis This study surveys EM residencies in the United States to assess the level of education in Disaster Medicine, to identify competencies least and most addressed, and to highlight effective educational models already in place...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318470/predicting-posttraumatic-stress-symptom-prevalence-and-local-distribution-after-an-earthquake-with-scarce-data
#7
Francisca Dussaillant, Mauricio Apablaza
BACKGROUND: After a major earthquake, the assignment of scarce mental health emergency personnel to different geographic areas is crucial to the effective management of the crisis. The scarce information that is available in the aftermath of a disaster may be valuable in helping predict where are the populations that are in most need. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to derive algorithms to predict posttraumatic stress (PTS) symptom prevalence and local distribution after an earthquake and to test whether there are algorithms that require few input data and are still reasonably predictive...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318462/the-epidemiology-of-operation-stress-during-continuing-promise-2011-a-humanitarian-response-and-disaster-relief-mission-aboard-a-us-navy-hospital-ship
#8
William T Scouten, Melissa L Mehalick, Elizabeth Yoder, Andrea McCoy, Tracy Brannock, Mark S Riddle
Introduction Operational stress describes individual behavior in response to the occupational demands and tempo of a mission. The stress response of military personnel involved in combat and peace-keeping missions has been well-described. The spectrum of effect on medical professionals and support staff providing humanitarian assistance, however, is less well delineated. Research to date concentrates mainly on shore-based humanitarian missions. Problem The goal of the current study was to document the pattern of operational stress, describe factors responsible for it, and the extent to which these factors impact job performance in military and civilian participants of Continuing Promise 2011 (CP11), a ship-based humanitarian medical mission...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318461/the-event-chain-of-survival-in-the-context-of-music-festivals-a-framework-for-improving-outcomes-at-major-planned-events
#9
Adam Lund, Sheila Turris
Despite the best efforts of event producers and on-site medical teams, there are sometimes serious illnesses, life-threatening injuries, and fatalities related to music festival attendance. Producers, clinicians, and researchers are actively seeking ways to reduce the mortality and morbidity associated with these events. After analyzing the available literature on music festival health and safety, several major themes emerged. Principally, stakeholder groups planning in isolation from one another (ie, in silos) create fragmentation, gaps, and overlap in plans for major planned events (MPEs)...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318455/airway-management-in-disaster-response-a-manikin-study-comparing-direct-and-video-laryngoscopy-for-endotracheal-intubation-by-prehospital-providers-in-level-c-personal-protective-equipment
#10
Sami Yousif, Jason T Machan, Yasser Alaska, Selim Suner
Introduction Airway management is one of many challenges that medical providers face in disaster response operations. The use of personal protective equipment (PPE), in particular, was found to be associated with higher failure rates and a prolonged time to achieve airway control. Hypothesis/Problem The objective of this study was to determine whether video laryngoscopy could facilitate the performance of endotracheal intubation by disaster responders wearing Level C PPE. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, crossover study, a convenience sample of practicing prehospital providers were recruited...
March 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318023/therapeutic-disasters-that-hastened-safety-testing-of-new-drugs
#11
EDITORIAL
M F Paine
New drugs were not required to undergo premarket safety testing in the United States until 1938, when a therapeutic disaster-the Elixir Sulfanilamide tragedy-prompted Congress to pass a bill mandating this now-routine process. History repeated itself nearly 25 years later, when another therapeutic disaster-the thalidomide tragedy-led to passage of new amendments in 1962 to ensure drug efficacy and greater drug safety. As is typical with historical events, critical information was gained that led to novel approaches for understanding, predicting, diagnosing, and managing drug-induced toxicities...
April 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314086/risk-perception-and-disaster-preparedness-in-immigrants-and-canadian-born-adults-analysis-of-a-national-survey-on-similarities-and-differences
#12
An Gie Yong, Louise Lemyre, Celine Pinsent, Daniel Krewski
Research has documented that immigrants tend to experience more negative consequences from natural disasters compared to native-born individuals, although research on how immigrants perceive and respond to natural disaster risks is sparse. We investigated how risk perception and disaster preparedness for natural disasters in immigrants compared to Canadian-born individuals as justifications for culturally-adapted risk communication and management. To this end, we analyzed the ratings on natural disaster risk perception beliefs and preparedness behaviors from a nationally representative survey (N = 1,089)...
March 17, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303773/improving-disaster-response-efforts-through-the-development-of-a-disaster-health-care-response-system
#13
Jonathan A Wilson, L Kendall McKenzie, W Terry McLeod, Damon A Darsey, Jim Craig
We review the development of a disaster health care response system in Mississippi aimed at improving disaster response efforts. Large-scale disasters generate many injured and ill patients, which causes a significant utilization of emergency health care services and often requires external support to meet clinical needs. Disaster health care services require a solid infrastructure of coordination and collaboration to be effective. Following Hurricane Katrina, the state of Mississippi implemented best practices from around the nation to establish a disaster health care response system...
March 17, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302991/the-effect-of-telephone-support-to-evacuees-with-risks-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-after-a-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#14
Naoko Horikoshi, Tetsuya Ohira, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Masaharu Maeda
Objectives Fukushima Medical University has been conducting the Fukushima Health Management Survey "Mental Health and Lifestyle Survey" annually as part of the health care of evacuees following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. This study aimed to clarify the effects of telephone support performed by nurses or public health nurses. In particular, we investigated the response rates for questionnaire of the following year and the recommended effect of medical support for evacuees with risks of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the fiscal year 2011 (FY2011)...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300527/the-development-of-an-evacuation-protocol-for-patients-with-ventricular-assist-devices-during-a-disaster
#15
Katherine J Davis, Joseph Suyama, Jennifer Lingler, Michael Beach
Introduction Health care providers are on the forefront of delivering care and allocating resources during a disaster; however, very few are adequately trained to respond in these situations. Furthermore, there is a void in the literature regarding the specific care needs of patients with ventricular assist devices (VADs) in a disaster setting. This project aimed to develop an evidenced-based protocol to aid health care providers during the evacuation of patients with VADs during a disaster. METHODS: This is a qualitative study that used expert review, tabletop discussion, and a survey of health care professionals to develop and evaluate an evacuation protocol...
March 16, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299459/the-impact-of-evacuation-on-the-incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#16
Yoshimitsu Hayashi, Masato Nagai, Tetsuya Ohira, Hiroaki Satoh, Akira Sakai, Akira Ohtsuru, Mitsuaki Hosoya, Yukihiko Kawasaki, Hitoshi Suzuki, Atsushi Takahashi, Yoshihiro Sugiura, Hiroaki Shishido, Hideto Takahashi, Seiji Yasumura, Junichiro James Kazama, Shigeatsu Hashimoto, Gen Kobashi, Kotaro Ozasa, Masafumi Abe
BACKGROUND: About 146,000 people were forced into long-term evacuation due to the nuclear power plant accident caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. Disaster is known to induce hypertension in survivors for a certain period, but it is unclear whether prolonged disaster stress influences chronic kidney disease (CKD). We conducted an observational cohort study to elucidate the effects of evacuation stress on CKD incidence. METHODS: Participants were individuals living in communities near the Fukushima nuclear power plant, aged 40-74 years without CKD as of their 2011 general health checkup (non-evacuees: n = 9780, evacuees: n = 4712)...
March 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299243/analysis-of-free-legal-counselling-for-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-the-outlook-for-the-field-of-disaster-recovery-and-revitalization-law
#17
REVIEW
Tadashi Okamoto
Of the free legal counselling conducted by lawyers following the Great East Japan Earthquake, the results of analysis of approx. 40,000 cases have been disclosed by the Japan Federation of Bar Associations. These analysis results have been used as evidence serving as the basis for system revision and new legislation following the disaster, and have been of value to public policy, to a certain extent. In order to identify methods for realizing policy targets as know-how for public policy through the integration and analysis of legal needs in disaster areas, in FY2012 and thereafter, lectures on the "Disaster Recovery and Revitalization Law" were initiated by the Graduate School of Public Policy, Chuo University; Keio University Law School; and other institutions...
September 2016: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290930/medical-effects-of-a-transuranic-dirty-bomb
#18
Asaf Durakovic
The modern military battlefields are characterized by the use of nonconventional weapons such as encountered in the conflicts of the Gulf War I and Gulf War II. Recent warfare in Iraq, Afghanistan, and the Balkans has introduced radioactive weapons to the modern war zone scenarios. This presents the military medicine with a new area of radioactive warfare with the potential large scale contamination of military and civilian targets with the variety of radioactive isotopes further enhanced by the clandestine use of radioactive materials in the terrorist radioactive warfare...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286784/the-influence-of-metabolic-imbalances-and-oxidative-stress-on-the-outcome-of-critically-ill-polytrauma-patients-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Alexandru Florin Rogobete, Dorel Sandesc, Marius Papurica, Emil Robert Stoicescu, Sonia Elena Popovici, Lavinia Melania Bratu, Corina Vernic, Adriana Mariana Sas, Adrian Tudor Stan, Ovidiu Horea Bedreag
The critically ill polytrauma patient presents with a series of associated pathophysiologies secondary to the traumatic injuries. The most important include systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), sepsis, oxidative stress (OS), metabolic disorders, and finally multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and death. The poor outcome of these patients is related to the association of the aforementioned pathologies. The nutrition of the critically ill polytrauma patient is a distinct challenge because of the rapid changes in terms of energetic needs associated with hypermetabolism, sepsis, SIRS, and OS...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286699/rural-women-s-experience-of-living-and-giving-birth-in-relief-camps-in-pakistan
#20
Humaira Maheen, Elizabeth Hoban
BACKGROUND: Women are more vulnerable than men in the same natural disaster setting. Preexisting gender inequality, socio-cultural community dynamics and poverty puts women at significant risk of mortality. Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable because of their limited or no access to prenatal and obstetric care during any disaster or humanitarian emergency setting. METHODS: In-depth interviews were conducted with 15 women who gave birth during the 2011 floods in Sindh Province, Pakistan...
January 31, 2017: PLoS Currents
keyword
keyword
65618
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"