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Disaster Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633912/life-cycle-assessment-and-life-cycle-costs-for-pre-disaster-waste-management-systems
#1
Yohei Wakabayashi, Tsai Peii, Tomohiro Tabata, Takashi Saeki
This study develops a method of environmental and economic evaluation of an integrated disaster waste management system that considers the spatial scale of removal, transport, and treatment of disaster waste. A case study was conducted on combustibles, which is a type of disaster waste derived from dwellings, in Mie Prefecture, Japan. First, we calculated the quantity and the spatial distribution of disaster waste derived from dwellings and tsunami debris produced as a result of a large-scale earthquake. The quantity of disaster waste was estimated as 7,178,000t with functioning flood-preventing facilities and 11,956,000t without functioning flood prevention facilities...
June 17, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630705/physiological-effects-of-stress-related-to-helicopter-travel-in-federal-emergency-management-agency-search-and-rescue-canines
#2
E Perry, N Gulson, T-W Liu Cross, K S Swanson
Working canines are deployed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), as part of a National Disaster Response Plan. Stress associated with helicopter flight and the resulting physical effects on the dog are unknown. Our objective was to test the hypotheses that (1) helicopter travel affects the physiology and faecal microbiota of working canines, but that (2) physiological consequences of helicopter travel will not negatively affect their work performance. A total of nine FEMA canines were loaded onto helicopters and flown for 30 min in July 2015...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626126/conduct-of-occupational-health-during-major-disasters-a-comparison-of-literature-on-occupational-health-issues-in-the-world-trade-center-terrorist-attack-and-the-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident
#3
Hiroyuki Toyoda, Koji Mori
Workers who respond to large-scale disasters can be exposed to health hazards that do not exist in routine work. It is assumed that learning from past cases is effective for preparing for and responding to such problems, but published information is still insufficient. Accordingly, we conducted a literature review about the health issues and occupational health activities at the World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attack and at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant accident to investigate how occupational health activities during disasters should be conducted...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617669/representativeness-of-individual-external-doses-estimated-for-one-quarter-of-residents-in-the-fukushima-prefecture-after-the-nuclear-disaster-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#4
Tetsuo Ishikawa, Hideto Takahashi, Seiji Yasumura, Akira Ohtsuru, Akira Sakai, Tetsuya Ohira, Ritsu Sakata, Kotaro Ozasa, Keiichi Akahane, Shunsuke Yonai, Osamu Kurihara, Kenji Kamiya, Masafumi Abe
After the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, the Fukushima Health Management Survey (FHMS) was launched. The Basic Survey, a component of FHMS, is a questionnaire used to survey residents across the Fukushima Prefecture about their behaviour in the first 4 months after the accident. The questionnaire findings are used to determine individual external doses by linking behaviour data to a computer programme with daily gamma ray dose rate maps, drawn after the accident. Through 30 June 2015, the response rate was only 27...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612689/evaluation-of-flood-preparedness-in-government-healthcare-facilities-in-eastern-province-sri-lanka
#5
Jessica M Farley, Inoka Suraweera, W L S P Perera, Jeremy Hess, Kristie L Ebi
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is vulnerable to floods and other hydro-meteorological disasters. Climate change is projected to increase the intensity of these events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the flood preparedness in healthcare facilities in Eastern Province. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods study conducted in Trincomalee District. Surveys were conducted in 31 government healthcare facilities, using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire covering the last 5 years...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601203/the-care-of-thermally-injured-patients-in-operational-austere-and-mass-casualty-situations
#6
REVIEW
Booker T King, Wylan C Peterson
Burn injury affects a half million people in the United States annually. The severe thermal injury can have long-term debilitating effects. The management of burn patients in austere and operational environments is more complex. Mass casualty incidents can result in a large number of patients with multiple traumatic injuries, which often include burn injury. Appropriate triage of casualties is essential. Severely burned patients should be evacuated to a burn center if possible. Airway management and fluid resuscitation of burn patients present unique challenges...
June 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599701/disaster-management-overhauling-the-system
#7
Ammar Asif Ahmed, Muneeb Khalid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594203/predictors-of-posttraumatic-growth-10-11-months-after-a-fatal-earthquake
#8
Robin Achterhof, Martin J Dorahy, Amy Rowlands, Charlotte Renouf, Eileen Britt, Janet D Carter
Posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a commonly observed phenomenon in the wake of a distressing event, capturing potentially beneficial effects for posttraumatic adaptation. However, it is not entirely clear what factors are essential for the development of PTG, especially after natural disasters. Most importantly, it is uncertain what type of relationship exists between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and PTG. As yet, there is also no consensus on whether PTG can best be seen as a process outcome or as a coping mechanism...
June 8, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592335/disaster-management-structure-of-universities-case-study-of-the-central-campus-of-the-university-of-tehran
#9
Babak Omidvar, Kayvan Karimloo, Sadegh Tavakoli Sani, Hassan Darabi
OBJECTIVE: Research on the disaster management plans of renowned universities worldwide shows that such plans are generally compiled in 3 categories: structural, nonstructural, and organizational sections. The importance of earthquakes in Tehran and the high vulnerability of the University of Tehran to earthquakes encouraged us to challenge the university's plans concerning disaster management. METHODS: An initial attempt was made to analyze the disaster management of 23 renowned universities worldwide and their structure compared with the present organizational structure of the University of Tehran...
June 8, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588970/modifying-the-interagency-emergency-health-kit-to-include-treatment-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-natural-disasters-and-complex-emergencies
#10
Marcello Tonelli, Natasha Wiebe, Brian Nadler, Ara Darzi, Shahnawaz Rasheed
The Interagency Emergency Health Kit (IEHK) provides a standard package of medicines and simple medical devices for aid agencies to use in emergencies such as disasters and armed conflicts. Despite the increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in such settings, the IEHK includes few drugs and devices for management of NCDs. Using published data to model the population burden of acute and chronic presentations of NCDs in emergency-prone regions, we estimated the quantity of medications and devices that should be included in the IEHK...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580891/a-stochastic-programming-model-for-decision-making-concerning-medical-supply-location-and-allocation-in-disaster-management
#11
Samad Barri Khojasteh, Irfan Macit
We propose a stochastic programming model as a solution for optimizing the problem of locating and allocating medical supplies used in disaster management. To prepare for natural disasters, we developed a stochastic optimization approach to select the storage location of medical supplies and determine their inventory levels and to allocate each type of medical supply. Our model also captures disaster elaborations and possible effects of disasters by using a new classification for major earthquake scenarios...
June 5, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576232/lessons-learned-from-burn-disasters-in-the-post-9-11-era
#12
REVIEW
Robert L Sheridan, Jonathan Friedstat, Kaitlyn Votta
Although every disaster scenario is unique, certain themes have emerged repeatedly during management of burn disasters. These lessons learned are useful when planning an individual burn unit's role in future disaster response.
July 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573592/protein-data-bank-pdb-the-single-global-macromolecular-structure-archive
#13
Stephen K Burley, Helen M Berman, Gerard J Kleywegt, John L Markley, Haruki Nakamura, Sameer Velankar
The Protein Data Bank (PDB)--the single global repository of experimentally determined 3D structures of biological macromolecules and their complexes--was established in 1971, becoming the first open-access digital resource in the biological sciences. The PDB archive currently houses ~130,000 entries (May 2017). It is managed by the Worldwide Protein Data Bank organization (wwPDB; wwpdb.org), which includes the RCSB Protein Data Bank (RCSB PDB; rcsb.org), the Protein Data Bank Japan (PDBj; pdbj.org), the Protein Data Bank in Europe (PDBe; pdbe...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570461/epineural-sheath-jacket-as-a-new-surgical-technique-for-neuroma-prevention-in-the-rat-sciatic-nerve-model
#14
Maria Siemionow, Adam Bobkiewicz, Joanna Cwykiel, Safak Uygur, Wojciech Francuzik
BACKGROUND: Terminal neuromas resulting from severe nerve injuries and traumatic or surgical limb amputations can become a source of pain, and significantly impair patients' quality of life. Recently, the number of patients with peripheral nerve injuries increased due to modern war conflicts, natural disasters, and traffic accidents. This study investigated the efficacy of the epineural sheath jacket (ESJ) as a novel technique for neuroma prevention in the rat sciatic nerve model. METHODS: A 20-mm segment of the right sciatic nerve was excised in 18 Lewis rats, and the animals were divided into 3 experimental groups (n = 6/group): group I-control, nerve stump without protection; group II-muscle burying group, nerve stump buried in the muscle; group III-ESJ group, nerve stump protected by ESJ...
May 31, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554341/crowd-simulations-and-determining-the-critical-density-point-of-emergency-situations
#15
Gholamreza Khademipour, Nouzar Nakhaee, Seyed Mohammad Saberi Anari, Maryam Sadeghi, Hojjat Ebrahimnejad, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri
OBJECTIVE: In modern societies, crowds and mass gatherings are recurrent. A combination of inadequate facilities and inefficient population management can lead to injury and death. Simulating people's behavior in crowds and mass gatherings can assist in the planning and management of gatherings, especially in emergency situations. METHODS: We aimed to determine the crowd pattern and the critical density point in the grand bazaar of Kerman in Iran. We collected data by use of a census method with a questionnaire...
May 30, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535428/a-regional-market-oriented-governance-for-disaster-management-a-new-planning-approach
#16
Erwin A Blackstone, Simon Hakim, Brian Meehan
This paper proposes a regional competitive governance and management of response and recovery from disasters. It presents problems experienced in major disasters, analyzes the failures, and suggests how a competitive system that relies on private and volunteer regional leaders, personnel, and capital can improve preparation, response and recovery efforts over the existing government system. A Public Choice approach is adopted to explain why government often fails, and how regional governance may be socially more efficient than the existing federal- state-local funded and managed disaster system...
October 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525808/characterization-of-post-disaster-environmental-management-for-hazardous-materials-incidents-lessons-learnt-from-the-tianjin-warehouse-explosion-china
#17
Hui Zhang, Huabo Duan, Jian Zuo, MingWei Song, Yukui Zhang, Bo Yang, Yongning Niu
Hazardous Materials Incidents (HMIs) have attracted a growing public concern worldwide. The health risks and environmental implications associated with HMIs are almost invariably severe, and underscore the urgency for sound management. Hazardous Materials Explosion incidents (HMEIs) belong to a category of extremely serious HMIs. Existing studies placed focuses predominately on the promptness and efficiency of emergency responses to HMIs and HMEIs. By contrast, post-disaster environmental management has been largely overlooked...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525551/who-among-the-elderly-is-most-vulnerable-to-exposure-and-health-risks-of-pm2-5-from-wildfire-smoke
#18
Jia Coco Liu, Ander Wilson, Loretta J Mickley, Keita Ebisu, Melissa P Sulprizio, Yun Wang, Roger D Peng, Xu Yue, Francesca Dominici, Michelle L Bell
Wildfires burn over 7 million US acres annually, according to the US Forest Service. Little is known regarding which subpopulations are more vulnerable to health risks from wildfire smoke, including fine particles. We estimated exposure to fine particles specifically from wildfires and associations between wildfire-specific fine particles and respiratory hospital admissions for subpopulations > 65 years in the Western US (2004-2009). Higher fractions of Blacks and people in urban counties and in California are exposed to > 1 smoke wave (high-pollution episodes from wildfire smoke) compared to other populations...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514981/essential-lessons-in-a-potential-sarin-attack-disaster-plan-for-a-resource-constrained-environment
#19
Matthew John Watermeyer, Nicole Dippenaar, Nelly Clotildea Tchouambou Simo, Sean Buchanan, Abdullah Ebrahim Laher
Sarin is a potent nerve agent chemical weapon that was originally designed for military purposes as a fast-acting anti-personnel weapon that would kill or disable large numbers of enemy troops. Its potent toxicity, ease of deployment, and rapid degradation allow for rapid deployment by an attacking force, who can safely enter the area of deployment a short while after its release. Sarin has been produced and stockpiled by a number of countries, and large quantities of it still exist despite collective agreements to cease manufacture and destroy stockpiles...
May 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506309/social-isolation-and-cancer-management-advanced-rectal-cancer-with-patient-delay-following-the-2011-triple-disaster-in-fukushima-japan-a-case-report
#20
Akihiko Ozaki, Claire Leppold, Toyoaki Sawano, Masaharu Tsubokura, Manabu Tsukada, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Masahiro Kami, Hiromichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of social isolation in the elderly on their process of gaining health information and seeking health care. CASE PRESENTATION: In March 2011, Fukushima, Japan experienced an earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster, also known as Japan's triple disaster. In June 2016, an 80-year-old Japanese man, who lived alone after divorce at the age of 42, presented to our hospital with bloody stools and dizziness. Although his bloody stools initially occurred in May 2015, a year earlier, he did not pursue the possibility of malignancy...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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