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Disaster Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905966/rapid-assessment-of-disability-in-the-philippines-understanding-prevalence-well-being-and-access-to-the-community-for-people-with-disabilities-to-inform-the-w-dare-project
#1
Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco, Cathy Vaughan
BACKGROUND: International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015-2030. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities...
August 2, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904258/cost-analysis-of-a-disaster-facility-at-an-apex-tertiary-care-trauma-center-of-india
#2
Sheetal Singh, Shakti Gupta, Anoop Daga, Vijaydeep Siddharth, LaxmiTej Wundavalli
INTRODUCTION: For the Commonwealth Games 2010, Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Centre (JPNATC) of India had been directed by the Director General Health Services and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, to set up a specialized unit for the definitive management of the injured/unwell athletes, officials, and related personnel coming for the Commonwealth Games in October 2010. The facility included a 20-bedded fully equipped ward, six ICU beds with ventilator capacity, one very very important person observation area, one perioperative management cubicle, and one fully modular and integrated operating room...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893165/enabling-stakeholder-involvement-in-coastal-disaster-resilience-planning
#3
Thomas P Bostick, Thomas H Holzer, Shahryar Sarkani
Coastal hazards including storm surge, sea-level rise, and cyclone winds continue to have devastating effects on infrastructure systems and communities despite costly investments in risk management. Risk management has generally not been sufficiently focused on coastal resilience, with community stakeholders involved in the process of making their coastline, as a system, more resilient to coastal storms. Thus, without stakeholder earlier involvement in coastal resilience planning for their community, they are frustrated after disasters occur...
November 28, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890031/a-national-assessment-of-the-health-and-safety-of-emergency-medical-services-professionals
#4
Melissa A Bentley, Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess changes in (1) health and physical fitness, (2) the prevalence of selected health problems, (3) risk behaviors, (4) ambulance safety issues, and (5) the preparedness of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals. In addition, the incidence of patient-initiated violence directed toward EMS personnel and associated factors were assessed. METHODS: Data were obtained from a sample of nationally certified EMS professionals via annual questionnaires between 1999 and 2008...
November 28, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885092/nuclear-and-radiological-preparedness-the-achievements-of-the-european-research-project-prepare
#5
Thierry Schneider, Florian Gering, Sylvie Charron, Mark Zhelezniak, Spyros Andronopoulos, Gilles Heriard-Dubreuil, Johan Camps, Wolfgang Raskob
The PREPARE project aimed closing gaps identified in nuclear and radiological preparedness in Europe following the first evaluation of the Fukushima disaster. With 46 partners from Europe and Japan, it collected the key players in the area of emergency management and rehabilitation preparedness. Starting from February 2013, the project ended in January 2016. Among others, the project reviewed existing operational procedures for long-lasting releases, cross-border problems in radiation monitoring and food safety and further developed missing functionalities in decision support systems ranging from improved source term estimation and dispersion modelling to the inclusion of hydrological pathways for European water bodies...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881710/the-role-of-hedonic-behavior-in-reducing-perceived-risk-evidence-from-postearthquake-mobile-app-data
#6
Jayson S Jia, Jianmin Jia, Christopher K Hsee, Baba Shiv
Understanding how human populations naturally respond to and cope with risk is important for fields ranging from psychology to public health. We used geophysical and individual-level mobile-phone data (mobile-apps, telecommunications, and Web usage) of 157,358 victims of the 2013 Ya'an earthquake to diagnose the effects of the disaster and investigate how experiencing real risk (at different levels of intensity) changes behavior. Rather than limiting human activity, higher earthquake intensity resulted in graded increases in usage of communications apps (e...
November 23, 2016: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881208/the-west-africa-disaster-preparedness-initiative-strengthening-national-capacities-for-all-hazards-disaster-preparedness
#7
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Gabor D Kelen, Nicole A Bradstreet, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: The Ebola outbreak demonstrated the need for improved disaster response throughout West Africa. The West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative was a training and assessment effort led by US Africa Command and partners to strengthen capacities among 12 West African partner nations (PNs). METHODS: Series of 3-week training sessions with representatives from each PN were held from 13 July through 20 November 2015 at the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre in Accra, Ghana...
November 24, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878123/two-validated-ways-of-improving-the-ability-of-decision-making-in-emergencies-results-from-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Amir Khorram-Manesh, Johan Berlin, Eric Carlström
The aim of the current review wasto study the existing knowledge about decision-making and to identify and describe validated training tools.A comprehensive literature review was conducted by using the following keywords: decision-making, emergencies, disasters, crisis management, training, exercises, simulation, validated, real-time, command and control, communication, collaboration, and multi-disciplinary in combination or as an isolated word. Two validated training systems developed in Sweden, 3 level collaboration (3LC) and MacSim, were identified and studied in light of the literature review in order to identify how decision-making can be trained...
October 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873296/emergency-preparedness-of-veterans-and-nonveterans
#9
Joseph F Iii Geiger
This study examined statistical differences in levels of disaster preparedness between former members of the US Armed Forces (veterans) and civilians (nonveterans). It was hypothesized that veterans would exhibit a higher degree of disaster preparedness as compared to their nonveteran counterparts as a consequence of their training and life experience. Furthermore, if this were proven to be valid, the finding would identify this cohort as an ideal target audience for emergency and disaster preparedness education efforts...
September 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868091/aftermath-of-grade-3-ureteral-injury-from-passage-of-a-ureteral-access-sheath-disaster-or-deliverance
#10
Roshan M Patel, Zhamshid Okhunov, Kamaljot Kaler, Ralph V Clayman
Background: The ureteral access sheath (UAS) has revolutionized the management of urinary pathology in the upper tract by providing rapid repeatable access to the upper urinary tract. However, in many practices, it remains a controversial tool in endourology given concerns of possible ureteral injury and presumed long-term sequela from those injuries. This case suggests that these concerns may be more hypothetical than real. Case Presentation: A 32-year-old female with a history of recurrent nephrolithiasis presented with left-sided symptomatic renal colic...
2016: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866509/assistive-technology-and-older-adults-in-disasters-implications-for-emergency-management
#11
Mary Helen McSweeney-Feld
This article identifies concepts, trends, and policy gaps in the availability and service delivery of assistive technology utilized by older adults in disasters, as well as implications for emergency management planning and shelter administration. Definitions of types of assistive technology, as well as views of older adults using technology as at-risk individuals for emergency management service provision, are provided. An overview of peer-reviewed articles and gray literature is conducted, focusing on publications from 2001 to the present in the United States...
November 21, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863576/federal-emergency-management-agency-response-in-rural-appalachia-a-tale-of-miscommunication-unrealistic-expectations-and-hurt-hurt-hurt
#12
REVIEW
Lauren M Oppizzi, Susan Speraw
In spring of 2012, rural southeastern Kentucky was impacted by torrential storms and flooding that activated federal disaster response through Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This qualitative research study examines the experience of community members affected by the Kentucky floods of 2012 (N=9) and describes their interactions with FEMA representatives, in their own voice, thereby giving insight into gaps in rural disaster response. The principal investigator spent 6 weeks living in the community and conducted open-ended interviews...
December 2016: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854267/development-of-cloud-based-uav-monitoring-and-management-system
#13
Mason Itkin, Mihui Kim, Younghee Park
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are an emerging technology with the potential to revolutionize commercial industries and the public domain outside of the military. UAVs would be able to speed up rescue and recovery operations from natural disasters and can be used for autonomous delivery systems (e.g., Amazon Prime Air). An increase in the number of active UAV systems in dense urban areas is attributed to an influx of UAV hobbyists and commercial multi-UAV systems. As airspace for UAV flight becomes more limited, it is important to monitor and manage many UAV systems using modern collision avoidance techniques...
November 15, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842565/regional-anesthesia-for-painful-injuries-after-disasters-rapid-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Adam C Levine, Carrie Teicher, Adam R Aluisio, Tess Wiskel, Pola Valles, Miguel Trelles, Justin Glavis-Bloom, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity trauma during earthquakes accounts for the largest burden of disaster-related injuries. Insufficient pain management is common in resource-limited disaster settings, and regional anesthesia (RA) may reduce pain in injured patients beyond current standards of care. To date, no controlled trials have been conducted to evaluate the use of RA for pain management in a disaster setting. METHODS/DESIGN: The Regional Anesthesia for Painful Injuries after Disasters (RAPID) study aims to evaluate whether regional anesthesia (RA), either with or without ultrasound (US) guidance, can reduce pain from earthquake-related lower limb injuries in a disaster setting...
November 14, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835039/public-expectations-of-hospitals-to-provide-resources-and-services-to-the-uninjured-during-disasters-a-qualitative-study
#15
Rachel L Charney, Terri Rebmann, Preeti Dalawari, Amy Endrizal
Hospitals are perceived as stable sources of support and assistance for the community during disasters. Expectations may outstrip hospital plans or ability to provide for the public. The purpose of this project was to explore racial disparities found in prior research and general perceptions related to the public's expectations of hospitals during disasters. Qualitative interviews were conducted with members of the general public. Content analysis was used to analyze the data and identify themes that describe racial differences related to public expectations of hospitals...
November 11, 2016: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834915/opioid-substitution-treatment-planning-in-a-disaster-context-perspectives-from-emergency-management-and-health-professionals-in-aotearoa-new-zealand
#16
Denise Blake, Antonia Lyons
Opioid Substitution Treatment (OST) is a harm reduction strategy enabling opiate consumers to avoid withdrawal symptoms and maintain health and wellbeing. Some research shows that within a disaster context service disruptions and infrastructure damage affect OST services, including problems with accessibility, dosing, and scripts. Currently little is known about planning for OST in the reduction and response phases of a disaster. This study aimed to identify the views of three professional groups working in Aotearoa/New Zealand about OST provision following a disaster...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833335/the-role-of-dentistry-in-disaster-management-and-victim-identification-an-overview-of-challenges-in-indo-nepal-scenario
#17
REVIEW
Shubha Ranjan Dutta, Purnima Singh, Deepak Passi, Don Varghese, Sarang Sharma
BACKGROUND: Recently, natural disasters and terrorist activities have been leading to mass casualty situations unexpectedly around the globe. In addition to the traditional emergency medical services centering around medically trained and paramedic personnel, dental practitioners having vital skills and attributes may be important in responding to a mass casualty situation. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims at discussing the role of dentists in disaster management and the role of forensic odontology in the disaster victim identification (DVI), its status in India and some suggestions to develop the plans for same...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830634/lessons-from-new-york-state-s-preparedness-efforts-for-ebola
#18
Howard A Zucker, Dennis Whalen, Kenneth E Raske
Preparing an entire health care system for an outbreak of a deadly infectious disease is an intensive, time-consuming process that requires collaboration and cooperation at all levels. New York achieved this goal when it became apparent that the Ebola outbreak in West Africa had the potential to spread beyond the 3 most heavily impacted countries. We discuss New York's work with health care associations to prepare the multiple tiers of the state's health care system to successfully transport, identify, diagnose, and treat the disease, while also handling clinical, consequence, and communications management of the outbreak...
November 10, 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830241/the-rising-frequency-of-it-blackouts-indicates-the-increasing-relevance-of-it-emergency-concepts-to-ensure-patient-safety
#19
Ulrich Sax, M Lipprandt, R Röhrig
INTRODUCTION: As many medical workflows depend vastly on IT support, great demands are placed on the availability and accuracy of the applications involved. The cases of IT failure through ransomware at the beginning of 2016 are impressive examples of the dependence of clinical processes on IT. Although IT risk management attempts to reduce the risk of IT blackouts, the probability of partial/total data loss, or even worse, data falsification, is not zero. The objective of this paper is to present the state of the art with respect to strategies, processes, and governance to deal with the failure of IT systems...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826393/an-adolescent-sport-team-management-during-a-natural-disaster-report-on-the-field
#20
Bahar Hassanmirzaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
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