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Disaster Management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822216/women-s-status-in-disasters-a-gap-between-experts-desk-and-affected-fields-of-iran
#1
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh
Although international agreements have achieved significant milestones in the improvement of women's status, experiences from the fields show a discrepancy between words and actions. The aim of this brief communication was to identify the gap between experts' perceptions and the findings of a large qualitative field survey on women's status in the recent natural disasters of Iran. A total of 10 experts were asked to fill a checklist, which consisted of the concepts extracted from field data. The range of agreement between experts' perceptions and field data was between 40 and 100 percent...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822215/family-emergency-plan-and-preparedness-among-medical-practitioners-in-zaria-nigeria
#2
Jerry Godfrey Makama, Istifanus Anekoson Joshua, Elizabeth Jerry Makama
BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the incidence of disasters in many parts of the world. Similarly, Nigeria has witnessed a recent increase of man-made disaster events such as plane crash, fire incidents, flood, and building collapse, including bomb blast orchestrated by terrorists that often create emergency situations. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate family emergency plan and preparedness among medical practitioners in Zaria. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study (May-July, 2013) of medical practitioners in Zaria, Nigeria...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822213/liberia-national-disaster-preparedness-coordination-exercise-implementing-lessons-learned-from-the-west-african-disaster-preparedness-initiative
#3
Melinda J Morton Hamer, Paul L Reed, Jane D Greulich, Charles W Beadling
OBJECTIVE: In light of the recent Ebola outbreak, there is a critical need for effective disaster management systems in Liberia and other West African nations. To this end, the West Africa Disaster Preparedness Initiative held a disaster management exercise in conjunction with the Liberian national government on November 24-25, 2015. DESIGN: During this tabletop exercise (TTX), interactions within and between the 15 counties and the Liberian national government were conducted and observed to refine and validate the county and national standard operating procedures (SOPs)...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820226/women-s-status-in-disasters-a-gap-between-experts-desk-and-affected-fields-of-iran
#4
Sanaz Sohrabizadeh
Although international agreements have achieved significant milestones in the improvement of women's status, experiences from the fields show a discrepancy between words and actions. The aim of this brief communication was to identify the gap between experts' perceptions and the findings of a large qualitative field survey on women's status in the recent natural disasters of Iran. A total of 10 experts were asked to fill a checklist, which consisted of the concepts extracted from field data. The range of agreement between experts' perceptions and field data was between 40 and 100 percent...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812842/governance-and-capacity-to-manage-resilience-of-health-systems-towards-a-new-conceptual-framework
#5
Karl Blanchet, Sara L Nam, Ben Ramalingam, Francisco Pozo-Martin
The term resilience has dominated the discourse among health systems researchers since 2014 and the onset of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. There is wide consensus that the global community has to help build more resilient health systems. But do we really know what resilience means, and do we all have the same vision of resilience? The present paper presents a new conceptual framework on governance of resilience based on systems thinking and complexity theories. In this paper, we see resilience of a health system as its capacity to absorb, adapt and transform when exposed to a shock such as a pandemic, natural disaster or armed conflict and still retain the same control over its structure and functions...
April 4, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812737/human-exposure-and-sensitivity-to-globally-extreme-wildfire-events
#6
David M J S Bowman, Grant J Williamson, John T Abatzoglou, Crystal A Kolden, Mark A Cochrane, Alistair M S Smith
Extreme wildfires have substantial economic, social and environmental impacts, but there is uncertainty whether such events are inevitable features of the Earth's fire ecology or a legacy of poor management and planning. We identify 478 extreme wildfire events defined as the daily clusters of fire radiative power from MODIS, within a global 10 × 10 km lattice, between 2002 and 2013, which exceeded the 99.997th percentile of over 23 million cases of the ΣFRP 100 km(-2) in the MODIS record. These events are globally distributed across all flammable biomes, and are strongly associated with extreme fire weather conditions...
February 6, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811855/impact-of-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-fukushima-nuclear-power-plant-accident-on-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-fukushima-prefecture-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#7
Masako Hayashi, Keiya Fujimori, Seiji Yasumura, Akihito Nakai
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidences and obstetric outcomes of women who conceived using assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures in Fukushima Prefecture before and after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Fukushima nuclear power plant accident. METHODS: Information was collected and analyzed from 12,070 women who conceived with or without ART in Fukushima Prefecture during the 9 months before and after the disaster. RESULTS: During the 9 months before and after the disaster, 138 (2...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809187/ict-design-for-collaborative-and-community-driven-disaster-management
#8
Craig E Kuziemsky
Information and communication technologies (ICT) have the potential to greatly enhance our ability to develop community reliance and sustainability to support disaster management. However, developing community resilience requires the sharing of numerous resources and the development of collaborative capacity, both of which make ICT design a challenge. This paper presents a framework that integrates community based participatory research (CBPR) and participatory design (PD). We discuss how the framework provides bounding to support community driven ICT design and evaluation...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807499/making-the-hard-decisions-ethical-care-decisions-in-wartime-nursing-practice
#9
Janice Agazio, Petra Goodman
BACKGROUND: Codes of ethics set forth standards of ethical conduct for nurses. However, nurses involved in wartime operations, or disasters, may often have their moral compass challenged by the patient care decisions necessary under adverse conditions. Reverse triage, resource allocation, and promotion of patient autonomy present multiple challenges to meeting commonly applied ethical principles. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to use the International Council of Nursing code of ethics as a framework to organize the ethical issues emerging from wartime nursing...
June 30, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807071/single-rescuer-ventilation-using-a-bag-valve-mask-with-removable-external-handle-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#10
Paul Reed, Baruch Zobrist, Monica Casmaer, Steven G Schauer, Nurani Kester, Michael D April
Introduction Ventilation with a bag valve mask (BVM) is a challenging but critical skill for airway management in the prehospital setting. Hypothesis Tidal volumes received during single rescuer ventilation with a modified BVM with supplemental external handle will be higher than those delivered using a standard BVM among health care volunteers in a manikin model. METHODS: This study was a randomized crossover trial of adult health care providers performing ventilation on a manikin. Investigators randomized participants to perform single rescuer ventilation, first using either a BVM modified by addition of a supplemental external handle or a standard unmodified BVM (Spur II BVM device; Ambu; Ballerup, Denmark)...
August 15, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807062/neuropsychiatric-characteristics-of-antiterrorist-operation-combatants-in-the-donbass-ukraine
#11
Konstantin N Loganovsky, Natalia A Zdanevich, Marina V Gresko, Donatella Marazziti, Tatiana K Loganovskaja
OBJECTIVE: The present paper aimed to explore the neuropsychiatric characteristics of the antiterrorism (ATO) combatants in the Donets Basin (Donbass) and to propose therapeutic strategies for managing their mental healthcare. METHODS: A total of 54 ATO combatants were included in our study and compared with four groups of subjects exposed to other emergencies, including the Chernobyl disaster and the war in Afghanistan. The neuropsychiatric features were assessed through psychopathological assessments, neurological examinations, and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG)...
August 15, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792068/towards-a-politics-of-disaster-response-presidential-disaster-instructions-in-china-1998-2012
#12
Peng Tao, Chunliang Chen
China's disaster management system contains no law-based presidential disaster declarations; however, the national leader's instructions (pishi in Chinese) play a similar role to disaster declarations, which increase the intensity of disaster relief. This raises the question of what affects presidential disaster instructions within an authoritarian regime. This research shows that China's disaster politics depend on a crisis threshold system for operation and that the public and social features of disasters are at the core of this system...
August 9, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789754/development-testing-and-psychometric-qualities-of-the-nash-duty-to-care-scale-for-disaster-response
#13
Tracy Jeanne Nash
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although nurses struggle with the decision to report for work during disaster events, there are no instruments to measure nurses' duty to care for disaster situations. The purpose of this study was to describe the development, testing, and psychometric qualities of the Nash Duty to Care Scale. METHODS: A convenience sample of 409 registered nurses were recruited from 3 universities in the United States. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a 19-item, 4-factor model explaining 67...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764818/emergency-response-of-iranian-hospitals-against-disasters-a-practical-framework-for-improvement
#14
Ali Janati, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Edris Hasanpoor, Mobin Sokhanvar, Elaheh HaghGoshyie, Abdollah Salehi
OBJECTIVE: Hospital emergency management is a continuous process that requires monolithic integration of planning and response attempts with local and national schemes. The aim of the current study is to evaluate emergency response by hospitals against potential disasters in Tabriz, north-west Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of Tabriz, in Iran, in 2016. The study population included all hospitals in Tabriz. A total of 18 hospitals were assessed...
August 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763054/an-improved-database-of-coastal-flooding-in-the-united-kingdom-from-1915-to-2016
#15
Ivan D Haigh, Ozgun Ozsoy, Matthew P Wadey, Robert J Nicholls, Shari L Gallop, Thomas Wahl, Jennifer M Brown
Coastal flooding caused by extreme sea levels can produce devastating and wide-ranging consequences. The 'SurgeWatch' v1.0 database systematically documents and assesses the consequences of historical coastal flood events around the UK. The original database was inevitably biased due to the inconsistent spatial and temporal coverage of sea-level observations utilised. Therefore, we present an improved version integrating a variety of 'soft' data such as journal papers, newspapers, weather reports, and social media...
August 1, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760165/diagnostic-imaging-in-disasters-a-bibliometric-analysis
#16
Bo Gong, Mohammed F Mohammed, Savvas Nicolaou, Muazzam Nasrullah, Bruce B Forster, Faisal Khosa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of diagnostic imaging in the clinical diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up management of patients in response to disasters. METHODS: A MEDLINE (OVID) search of original research articles identified 177 articles on this topic published since 2000. A bibliometric analysis was conducted on the top 100 articles ranked by average yearly citation. RESULTS: The most frequently studied disaster categories were disease outbreak (55 articles), armed conflict (23 articles), terrorist incident (10 articles), and earthquake (7 articles)...
August 1, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759883/challenges-to-the-census-international-trends-and-a-need-to-consider-public-health-benefits
#17
REVIEW
R T Wilson, S H Hasanali, M Sheikh, S Cramer, G Weinberg, A Firth, S H Weiss, C L Soskolne
The Canadian government decision to cancel the mandatory long-form census in 2010 (subsequently restored in 2015), along with similar discussions in the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States of America (USA), have brought the purpose and use of census data into focus for epidemiologists and public health professionals. Policy decision-makers should be well-versed in the public health importance of accurate and reliable census data for emergency preparedness planning, controlling disease outbreaks, and for addressing health concerns among vulnerable populations including the elderly, low-income, racial/ethnic minorities, and special residential groups (e...
July 28, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756973/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-may-be-a-lifesaving-modality-in-patients-with-burn-and-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-experience-of-formosa-water-park-dust-explosion-disaster-in-taiwan
#18
Yu-Jen Chiu, Hsu Ma, Wen-Chieh Liao, Yu-Chung Shih, Mei-Chun Chen, Chun-Che Shih, Tai-Wei Chen, Cherng-Kang Perng
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been reported to improve outcomes in patients with refractory respiratory failure. These successful experiences have stimulated interest in using ECMO as a potential therapy for patients with acute pulmonary failure resulting from burn and inhalation lung injury. Current literature has supported the use of ECMO in critically-ill, pediatric burn patients. On the other hand, it is controversial to apply ECMO in adult burn patients, and the evidence is limited by the shortcomings of small sample size...
July 27, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748770/management-of-diabetic-surgical-patients-in-a-deployed-field-hospital-a-model-for-acute-non-communicable-disease-care-in-disaster
#19
Kathleen M McDermott, Ruth M Hardstaff, Sophie Alpen, David J Read, Nicholas R Coatsworth
Sudden onset disasters (SODs) have affected over 1.5 billion of the world's population in the past decade. During the same time, developing nations have faced a sustained increase in the burden of non-communicable disease (NCD) with extra pressure placed on health systems. The combined increase in SODs and the NCD epidemic facing the world's most disaster-prone nations will present new challenges to emergency medical teams (EMTs) during disaster response. This report details the experience as an EMT during the Typhoon Haiyan disaster of 2013, with particular reference to the challenges of diabetic management in a surgical field hospital...
July 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745176/disaster-health-management-a-primer-for-students-and-practitioners-g-fitzgerald-et-al-eds-disaster-health-management-a-primer-for-students-and-practitioners-352pp-%C3%A2-39-99-routledge-9781138911185-1138911186-formula-see-text
#20
(no author information available yet)
This comprehensive textbook addresses the history of disaster management, terminology, concepts, principles and trends. While the book refers mainly to Australian policies and guidelines, international examples are offered too.
July 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
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