keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Disaster Management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525808/characterization-of-post-disaster-environmental-management-for-hazardous-materials-incidents-lessons-learnt-from-the-tianjin-warehouse-explosion-china
#1
Hui Zhang, Huabo Duan, Jian Zuo, MingWei Song, Yukui Zhang, Bo Yang, Yongning Niu
Hazardous Materials Incidents (HMIs) have attracted a growing public concern worldwide. The health risks and environmental implications associated with HMIs are almost invariably severe, and underscore the urgency for sound management. Hazardous Materials Explosion incidents (HMEIs) belong to a category of extremely serious HMIs. Existing studies placed focuses predominately on the promptness and efficiency of emergency responses to HMIs and HMEIs. By contrast, post-disaster environmental management has been largely overlooked...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525551/who-among-the-elderly-is-most-vulnerable-to-exposure-and-health-risks-of-pm2-5-from-wildfire-smoke
#2
Jia Coco Liu, Ander Wilson, Loretta J Mickley, Keita Ebisu, Melissa P Sulprizio, Yun Wang, Roger D Peng, Xu Yue, Francesca Dominici, Michelle L Bell
Wildfires burn over 7 million US acres annually, according to the US Forest Service. Little is known regarding which subpopulations are more vulnerable to health risks from wildfire smoke, including fine particles. We estimated exposure to fine particles specifically from wildfires and associations between wildfire-specific fine particles and respiratory hospital admissions for subpopulations > 65 years in the Western US (2004-2009). Higher fractions of Blacks and people in urban counties and in California are exposed to > 1 smoke wave (high-pollution episodes from wildfire smoke) compared to other populations...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514981/essential-lessons-in-a-potential-sarin-attack-disaster-plan-for-a-resource-constrained-environment
#3
Matthew John Watermeyer, Nicole Dippenaar, Nelly Clotildea Tchouambou Simo, Sean Buchanan, Abdullah Ebrahim Laher
Sarin is a potent nerve agent chemical weapon that was originally designed for military purposes as a fast-acting anti-personnel weapon that would kill or disable large numbers of enemy troops. Its potent toxicity, ease of deployment, and rapid degradation allow for rapid deployment by an attacking force, who can safely enter the area of deployment a short while after its release. Sarin has been produced and stockpiled by a number of countries, and large quantities of it still exist despite collective agreements to cease manufacture and destroy stockpiles...
May 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506309/social-isolation-and-cancer-management-advanced-rectal-cancer-with-patient-delay-following-the-2011-triple-disaster-in-fukushima-japan-a-case-report
#4
Akihiko Ozaki, Claire Leppold, Toyoaki Sawano, Masaharu Tsubokura, Manabu Tsukada, Tetsuya Tanimoto, Masahiro Kami, Hiromichi Ohira
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of social isolation in the elderly on their process of gaining health information and seeking health care. CASE PRESENTATION: In March 2011, Fukushima, Japan experienced an earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster, also known as Japan's triple disaster. In June 2016, an 80-year-old Japanese man, who lived alone after divorce at the age of 42, presented to our hospital with bloody stools and dizziness. Although his bloody stools initially occurred in May 2015, a year earlier, he did not pursue the possibility of malignancy...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505521/short-simulation-exercises-to-improve-emergency-department-nurses-self-efficacy-for-initial-disaster-management-controlled-before-and-after-study
#5
Carl-Oscar Jonson, Jenny Pettersson, Jonas Rybing, Heléne Nilsson, Erik Prytz
INTRODUCTION: Head nurses at emergency departments often assume responsibility for managing the initial response to a major incident, and to create surge capacity. Training is essential to enable these nurses to perform an effective disaster response. Evaluating the effects of such training is however complicated as real skill only can be demonstrated during a real major incident. Self-efficacy has been proposed as an alternative measure of training effectiveness. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine if short, small-scale computer-based simulation exercises could improve head emergency nurses' general and specific self-efficacy and initial incident management skills...
April 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504631/-climate-change-floods-and-health-intervention
#6
Peter Furu, Siri Tellier, Lasse S Vestergaard
Climate change and variability are considered some of the biggest threats to human health in the 21st century. Extreme weather events such as floods and storms are examples of natural hazards resulting in highest number of disasters and with considerable mortality and morbidity among vulnerable communities. A coordinated, well-planned management of health interventions must be taken for timely action in the response, recovery, prevention and preparedness phases of disasters. Roles and responsibilities of international as well as national organizations and authorities are discussed...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501413/managing-traumatic-brain-injury-translating-military-guidelines-to-the-wilderness
#7
REVIEW
Edward J Otten, Warren C Dorlac
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common injury on the battlefield. Much of what medics do to manage these injuries on the battlefield can be translated to other austere environments, such as wilderness or disaster settings. The recognition and diagnosis of TBI can be difficult even in the hospital, but basic understanding of how to define a TBI and prevent secondary injuries can be accomplished with relatively few resources and little training. This article outlines what a TBI is and how to manage it in the field...
May 10, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489054/a-survey-on-an-energy-efficient-and-energy-balanced-routing-protocol-for-wireless-sensor-networks
#8
Olayinka O Ogundile, Attahiru S Alfa
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) form an important part of industrial application. There has been growing interest in the potential use of WSNs in applications such as environment monitoring, disaster management, health care monitoring, intelligence surveillance and defence reconnaissance. In these applications, the sensor nodes (SNs) are envisaged to be deployed in sizeable numbers in an outlying area, and it is quite difficult to replace these SNs after complete deployment in many scenarios. Therefore, as SNs are predominantly battery powered devices, the energy consumption of the nodes must be properly managed in order to prolong the network lifetime and functionality to a rational time...
May 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488413/preventing-and-treating-coronary-perforations-lessons-from-disaster-management
#9
EDITORIAL
Yader Sandoval, Emmanouil S Brilakis
Coronary artery perforations (CAP) are rare in patients undergoing routine PCI with recent contemporary databases reporting an incidence ∼0.3%. Older age, cardiomyopathy or left ventricular dysfunction, mechanical circulatory support prior to PCI, and CTO lesions have the strongest association with CAP. Prevention, early detection, preparedness and familiarity with the equipment used to treat perforations (such as efficient use of covered stents, and fat or coil embolization) and regrouping to examine and educate about these experiences are key for improving our response to cath lab disasters...
May 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480126/the-life-process-of-children-who-survived-the-manjil-earthquake-a-decaying-or-renewing-process
#10
Abbas Shamsalinia, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Nahid Dehghan-Nayeri, Sarieh Poortaghi
INTRODUCTION: Among earthquake survivors, children are more vulnerable than other age groups due to their exposure to harrowing scenes of devastation as well as their drastically new living situations that result from an earthquake disaster. The life process of children survivors undergoes many different changes that are affected by a wide range of factors. Understanding the life process of these children may lead to effective outcomes and interventions. In addition, observing children survivors establishes knowledge and understanding of the challenges that correspond with earthquake disasters...
April 4, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465695/benefits-barriers-and-limitations-on-the-use-of-hospital-incident-command-system
#11
REVIEW
Shahin Shooshtari, Shahram Tofighi, Shirin Abbasi
Hospital Incident Command System (HICS) has been established with the mission of prevention, response, and recovery in hazards. Regarding the key role of hospitals in medical management of events, the present study is aimed at investigating benefits, barriers, and limitations of applying HICS in hospital. Employing a review study, articles related to the aforementioned subject published from 1995 to 2016 were extracted from accredited websites and databases such as PubMed, Google Scholar, Elsevier, and SID by searching keywords such as HICS, benefits, barriers, and limitations...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463098/when-is-a-cardiac-arrest-non-cardiac
#12
Ryan M Carter, David C Cone
Introduction While the overall survival rate for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is low, ranging from 5%-10%, several characteristics have been shown to decrease mortality, such as presence of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), witnessed vs unwitnessed events, and favorable initial rhythm (VF/VT). More recently, studies have shown that modified CPR algorithms, such as chest-compression only or cardio-cerebral resuscitation, can further increase survival rates in OHCA. Most of these studies have included only OHCA patients with "presumed cardiac etiology," on the assumption that airway management is of lesser impact than chest compressions in these patients...
May 2, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458751/patient-tracking-in-earthquake-emergency-response-in-iran-a-qualitative-study
#13
Nahid Tavakoli, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Reza Safdari, Mahmoud Keyvanara
BACKGROUND: After a disaster, all victims have to be rapidly and accurately identified for locating, tracking and regulating them. The purpose of this study was to summarize people's experiences that how the patients were tracked in past earthquake disasters in Iran. METHODS: A qualitative study was carried out in 2015. This was an interview-based qualitative study using content analysis. The interviewed people included physicians, nurses, emergency medical technicians, disaster managers, Red Crescent Society' first responders and managers...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454032/identifying-spatial-clusters-of-flood-exposure-to-support-decision-making-in-risk-management
#14
Veronika Röthlisberger, Andreas P Zischg, Margreth Keiler
A sound understanding of flood risk drivers (hazard, exposure and vulnerability) is essential for the effective and efficient implementation of risk-reduction strategies. In this paper, we focus on 'exposure' and study the influence of different methods and parameters of flood exposure analyses in Switzerland. We consider two types of exposure indicators and two different spatial aggregation schemes: the density of exposed assets (exposed numbers per km(2)) and the ratios of exposed assets (share of exposed assets compared to total amount of assets in a specific region) per municipality and per grid cells of similar size as the municipalities...
April 25, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452181/the-1970-bhola-cyclone-nationalist-politics-and-the-subsistence-crisis-contract-in-bangladesh
#15
Naomi Hossain
The devastating Bhola cyclone in November 1970 is credited with having triggered the political events that led to the division of Pakistan and the creation of Bangladesh in 1971. A callous response to the disaster by the Pakistani regime resulted in a landslide electoral victory for Bengali nationalists, followed by a bitter and bloody civil war. Yet, despite its political momentousness, the Bhola cyclone has been the subject of little political analysis. This paper examines the events, arguing that its extraordinary political significance put disaster management on the nationalist agenda; the famine of 1974 confirmed its centrality, producing a social contract to protect the population against disasters and subsistence crises on which the country's acclaimed resilience to the effects of climate change rests...
April 28, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452127/from-disaster-to-development-a-systematic-review-of-community-driven-humanitarian-logistics
#16
Jennifer Bealt, S Afshin Mansouri
A plethora of untapped resources exist within disaster-affected communities that can be used to address relief and development concerns. A systematic review of the literature relating to community participation in humanitarian logistics activities revealed that communities are able to form ad hoc networks that have the ability to meet a wide range of disaster management needs. These structures, characterised as Collaborative Aid Networks (CANs), have demonstrated efficient logistical capabilities exclusive of humanitarian organisations...
April 28, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446847/knowledge-experiences-and-training-needs-of-health-professionals-about-disaster-preparedness-and-response-in-southwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Negalign Berhanu, Hailay Abrha, Yohannes Ejigu, Kifle Woldemichael
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the magnitude and intensity of disasters have been vividly rising globally due to the forces of nature or man. This study aimed at assessing the perceived knowledge, experiences and training needs of health professionals regarding disasters, their prevention and management in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional survey was conducted on 377 health professionals taken from 9 randomly selected districts out of 18...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441974/evaluating-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-group-psychological-intervention-using-cognitive-behavioural-strategies-for-women-with-common-mental-disorders-in-conflict-affected-rural-pakistan-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Anna Chiumento, Syed Usman Hamdani, Muhammad Naseem Khan, Katie Dawson, Richard A Bryant, Marit Sijbrandij, Huma Nazir, Parveen Akhtar, Aqsa Masood, Duolao Wang, Mark van Ommeren, Atif Rahman
BACKGROUND: The impact of humanitarian disasters upon mental health is well recognised. The evidence for psychological interventions for mental health is mounting, but few interventions have been rigorously tested in humanitarian settings. To be sustainable in humanitarian settings interventions need to be short, simple, deliverable by nonspecialists under supervision, and adopt a transdiagnostic approach where an array of mental health outcomes are addressed simultaneously. These elements have been incorporated into the newly developed WHO Problem Management Plus (PM+) Group intervention...
April 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441289/radiological-nuclear-human-monitoring-tabletop-exercise-recommendations-and-lessons-identified
#19
Vinita Chauhan, Devin Duncan, Ruth C Wilkins
Health Canada is the lead department for coordinating the federal response to a Canadian nuclear emergency event. The framework to manage a radiological consequence is outlined in the Federal Nuclear Emergency Plan (FNEP). In 2014, a full scale exercise (FSX) was held to test the capacity of the federal government to handle a nuclear facility emergency disaster in Canada. The FSX provided a means to demonstrate the integration of various departments and agencies in response to such an event, and although a number of task teams within FNEP were tested, the capacity to monitor humans for exposure post-event was not played out fully...
June 2017: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439447/the-development-of-a-veterans-health-administration-emergency-management-research-agenda
#20
Aram Dobalian, Maria Claver, Deborah Riopelle, Tamar Wyte-Lake, Ismelda Canelo
INTRODUCTION: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA), the largest integrated healthcare delivery system in the United States, is charged with ensuring timely access to high-quality care for veterans during disasters, and supporting national, state, local, and tribal emergency management and homeland security efforts. In 2008, the VHA Office of Public Health (OPH) sponsored the first VHA Emergency Management Research Agenda-setting conference to develop research priorities that address the needs of veterans and to position VHA as a national leader in emergency management by having VHA serve as a "laboratory" for the development of evidence-based emergency management practices...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Currents
keyword
keyword
65618
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"