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Finger flexor tendon

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764283/minimally-invasive-thread-trigger-digit-release-a-preliminary-report-on-34-digits-of-the-adult-hands
#1
Danqing Guo, Logan McCool, Alexander Senk, Brionn Tonkin, Joseph Guo, Rachel M Lytie, Danzhu Guo
The trigger finger release was performed in 34 digits (11 thumbs and 23 fingers) of 24 patients through the thread transecting technique with the tip-to-tip approach, in which a 22-gauge needle inserts into a 18-gauge needle when both needles are inside the hand, guiding the 22-gauge needle to exit the hand at the same access point of 18-gauge needle. We prospectively evaluated the effectiveness and functional recovery of these patients. In all 34 digits, triggering and locking were resolved, and complete extension and flexion occurred immediately following the release...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734904/multiple-giant-cell-tumor-of-tendon-sheath-involving-both-flexor-and-extensor-tendons-in-a-single-digit-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literatures
#2
Hak Jin Min, Jeong Hwan Kim, Jae Woo Kim, Jae Woo Yeom
Giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCTTS) is a common neoplasm of the hand. This tumor is usually solitary. Multi focal origin of the tumor is considered unusual and very few cases of multiple GCTTS have been reported. We report a 48-year-old female patient who presented with three separate painless nodules in same index finger since three years. The two masses located on dorsal aspect, and the other one located on volar aspect. The imaging studies revealed three separated masses without any connection...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713737/evaluation-of-the-pulley-function-of-the-hamulus-of-the-hamate-for-the-flexor-tendons
#3
Kenji Goto, Kiyohito Naito, Yoichi Sugiyama, Mayuko Kinoshita, Nana Nagura, Yoshiyuki Iwase, Kazuo Kaneko
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure the curvature radii of the finger flexor tendons on CT acquired using tendon conditions to examine whether the hamulus of the hamate functions as a pulley of the flexor tendon. METHODS: The subjects were 20 healthy volunteers (40 hands) (14 males and 6 females, mean age: 27.5 years old). Their hands were imaged in extension and flexion of the fingers on CT. The curvature radii of the little and middle finger flexor tendons at the hamulus of the hamate were calculated...
April 30, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692376/sports-injury-related-fingers-and-thumb-deformity-due-to-tendon-or-ligament-rupture
#4
Rong-Jie Bai, Hui-Bo Zhang, Hui-Li Zhan, Zhan-Hua Qian, Nai-Li Wang, Yue Liu, Wen-Ting Li, Yu-Ming Yin
Background: Hand injuries are very common in sports, such as skiing and ball sports. One of the major reasons causing hand and finger deformity is due to ligament and tendon injury. The aim of this study was to investigate if the high-resolution 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can demonstrate the complex anatomy of the fingers and thumb, especially the tendons and ligaments, and provide the accurate diagnosis of clinically important fingers and thumbs deformity due to ligamentous and tendinous injuries during sport activities...
May 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691077/camptodactyly-treatment-for-the-lesser-digits
#5
REVIEW
Lindley B Wall, Marybeth Ezaki, Charles A Goldfarb
Camptodactyly of the lesser digits is commonly seen in patients with arthrogryposis. The flexed posture of the digit can be functionally limiting and necessitate surgical treatment to improve grasp function. In digits with normal bony anatomy, a lateral stiletto-shaped transposition flap combined with flexor digitorum superficialis tendon release, can improve finger deformity and function.
April 21, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662762/local-administration-of-trolox-a-vitamin-e-analog-reduced-tendon-adhesion-in-a-chicken-model-of-flexor-digitorum-profundus-tendon-injury
#6
Yuk Wa Lee, Sai Chuen Fu, Tsui Yu Mok, Kai Ming Chan, Leung Kim Hung
Background: Hand flexor tendon injuries are compromised with tendon adhesion. Tendon adhesion forms between flexor tendon and tendon sheath, reduces the range of motion of fingers, and affects their function. Oxidative stress is increased in flexor tendon after injury and might play a role in tendon adhesion formation. Trolox (6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid), a water-soluble analog of vitamin E, is antioxidative. Trolox reduced oxidative stress and the expression of fibrotic cytokines in the bile gut ligation animal model...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Translation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657475/incidence-of-tendon-rupture-following-volar-plate-fixation-of-distal-radius-fractures-a-survey-of-2787-cases
#7
Kotaro Sato, Kenya Murakami, Yoshikuni Mimata, Minoru Doita
This study assessed the comprehensive incidence of tendon rupture following volar locking plate (VLP) surgery for a large number of patients with distal radius fractures (DRFs) at multiple facilities in one prefecture, Japan. During the 4-year period, 2787 patients with DRFs underwent fixation using VLP. The overall incidence rates of rupture of the FPL, the extensor pollicis longus, the flexor digitorum profundus of the index finger, and the extensor digitorum communis were 0.35% (10 patients), 0.29% (8 patients), 0...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619350/linburg-comstock-is-overuse-an-etiological-factor
#8
Tugrul Bulut, Mesut Tahta, Tahir Ozturk, Eyup Cagatay Zengin, Cem Ozcan, Muhittin Sener
Background: Linburg-Comstock anomaly is typically defined as a tenosynovial interconnection between flexor pollicis longus and flexor digitorum profundus tendon of the second finger. There are several studies stating that the current anomaly is congenital or acquired. The aim of this study is to reveal whether overuse, which is mostly reported as an acquired etiologic factor, effective in development of the current anomaly. Methods: Three hundred thirteen medical secretaries who work with computer keyboard at least 6 hours a day were defined as study group...
November 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600215/tuberculous-tenosynovitis-of-the-wrist-and-the-hand-the-3-anatomo-clinical-forms-described-by-kanavel-about-4-cases
#9
Coulibaly Ndeye Fatou, B A Amadou, Gueye Alioune Badara, Dembele Badara, Daffe Mohamedi, Dieme Charles Bertini
Introduction: Tuberculous tenosynovitis localization is rare. This unusual presentation, often misunderstood, results in frequent misdiagnosis. We report 4 cases of patients which represent the 3 anatomo-clinical forms described by Kanavel. The knowledge of its different manifestations will make it possible to recognize and to suspect the tuberculous origin. Case Report: This was a retrospective study from January 2006 to May 2017 which involved all patients received and treated with tuberculous tenosynovitis...
November 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590706/-tumor-of-the-flexor-tendon-of-the-finger-a-compelling-case
#10
Christin Schöwe, Florian Johannes Jung, Julia Sproedt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581651/motion-plane-dependency-of-the-range-of-dart-throw-motion-and-the-effects-of-tendon-action-due-to-finger-extrinsic-muscles-during-the-motion
#11
Masahiro Mitsukane, Noboru Sekiya, Arinori Kamono, Tohru Nakabo
[Purpose] To clarify the motion-plane dependency of the range of dart throw motion and the effects of tendon action due to long finger flexors and extensors during the motion. [Subjects and Methods] Forty healthy subjects attended the experiment, and the active range of wrist motion in seven motion planes was measured with an originally designed apparatus. [Results] The reliability of the measurement was acceptable. The range of dart throw motion depended on the motion planes, with a maximum at around the motion plane of 45° from the sagittal plane (45° of pronation)...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579022/new-developments-are-improving-flexor-tendon-repair
#12
Jin Bo Tang
New developments in primary tendon repair over the past decades include stronger core tendon repair techniques, judicious and adequate venting of critical pulleys, followed by a combination of passive and active digital flexion and extension. During repair, core sutures over the tendon should have sufficient suture purchase (no shorter than 0.7 to 1 cm) in each tendon end and must be sufficiently tensioned to resist loosening, forming gaps. Slight or even modest bulkiness in the tendon substance at the repair site is not harmful, though marked bulkiness should always be avoided...
March 19, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572040/fracture-dislocation-of-the-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-of-the-long-fingers-report-of-an-unusual-case-requiring-open-surgery
#13
C Gengler, N Pauchard
Dorsal fracture-dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint of the long fingers are in most cases unstable. They require surgery, whose primary aim is to restore and maintain articular congruency. While numerous techniques exist to treat these injuries, none have been shown to be superior to any of the others in terms of outcomes and complications. The least invasive techniques should be used as much as possible. We report here a rare case of incarceration of the flexor tendons in the PIP fracture which required open surgery...
March 20, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558847/variations-in-the-origins-and-absence-of-the-common-digital-arteries-of-the-hand-a-cadaveric-study
#14
Ahmed M Hashem, Rebecca W Knackstedt, Steven Bernard, Mark Hendrickson, Jennifer M McBride, Risal Djohan
We studied anomalies of the common digital arteries by dissecting 33 fresh cadaver hands under magnification. In the majority of the dissected hands (25 hands), common digital arteries took off from the superficial palmar arch and ran superficial and parallel to the flexor tendons. Variations were found in eight out of 33 hands. In four hands the common digital artery to the second web space was replaced by an atypical vessel, originating from the deep palmar arch, that crossed posterior to the index flexor tendons proximal to the A1 pulley...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554845/sonographic-study-of-repair-gapping-and-tendon-bowstringing-after-primary-flexor-digitorum-profundus-repair-in-zone-2
#15
Lisa Reissner, Nadja Zechmann-Mueller, Holger Jan Klein, Maurizio Calcagni, Thomas Giesen
We report sonographic findings with clinical outcomes after zone 2 flexor digitorum profundus tendon repairs in ten fingers. The tendons underwent a six-strand M-Tang core repair, no circumferential suture, and partial or complete division of the pulleys. Over 12 months after surgery and using ultrasound, we found no gapping at the repair site during finger motion. When the pulleys were divided, there was sonographic evidence of tendon bowstringing, but the bowstringing was minimal. Clinically, we did not find any fingers that displayed tendon bowstringing or had functional loss...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533756/comprehensive-evaluation-of-finger-flexor-tendon-entheseal-soft-tissue-and-bone-changes-by-ultrasound-can-differentiate-psoriatic-arthritis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Ilaria Tinazzi, Dennis McGonagle, Alen Zabotti, Donatella Chessa, Antonio Marchetta, Pierluigi Macchioni
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a detailed sonographic evaluation of the hand flexor tendon compartment could help differentiate between psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with PsA, 47 with RA and 10 healthy controls (HC) had flexor tendon (FT) compartment imaging of the dominant hand 2nd to 4th tendons using grey scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US) with evaluation for tenosynovitis, peri-tendinous lesions, soft tissue oedema and bony changes at FT insertions...
February 28, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486669/ultrasonographic-movement-of-the-flexor-pollicis-longus-tendon-before-and-after-removal-of-a-volar-plate-for-the-distal-radius-fracture
#17
Mitsuhiko Nanno, Norie Kodera, Yuji Tomori, Shinro Takai
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the movement of the flexor pollicis longus (FPL) tendon on the distal radius during wrist and finger motions before and after removal of a volar plate in patients with distal radius fractures using transverse ultrasound and to evaluate the kinematic effects on the FPL by the removal. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with distal radius fracture were evaluated quantitatively by transverse ultrasound using coordinates for the movement of the FPL on the distal radius during wrist and finger motions before and after the plate removal...
January 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465582/successfully-treating-hand-primary-tuberculous-synovitis-by-synovectomy-combined-antituberculous-therapy-a-case-report
#18
Tao Wang, Gang Zhao, Yong-Jun Rui, Jing-Yi Mi
RATIONALE: Primary tuberculous infection in hand and wrist is a rare disease. Few articles reported on hand primary tuberculous synovitis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 68-year-old Chinese male, without history of tuberculosis (TB), had complained of pain and swelling in right palm and little finger for 3 months. Patient came to our hospital on 9th Oct 2016. X-ray just showed soft tissue swelling in little finger. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed synovitis around flexor tendon of little finger, volar palm, and carpal tunnel...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460276/surgery-for-trigger-finger
#19
REVIEW
Haroldo Junior Fiorini, Marcel Jun Tamaoki, Mário Lenza, Joao Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, Flávio Faloppa, Joao Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: Trigger finger is a common clinical disorder, characterised by pain and catching as the patient flexes and extends digits because of disproportion between the diameter of flexor tendons and the A1 pulley. The treatment approach may include non-surgical or surgical treatments. Currently there is no consensus about the best surgical treatment approach (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of different methods of surgical treatment for trigger finger (open, percutaneous or endoscopic approaches) in adults at any stage of the disease...
February 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458310/flexor-tendon-repair-in-the-hand-with-the-m-tang-technique-without-peripheral-sutures-pulley-division-and-early-active-motion
#20
Thomas Giesen, Lisa Reissner, Inga Besmens, Olga Politikou, Maurizio Calcagni
We report outcomes in 29 patients with flexor tendon repairs in 32 digits (five thumbs and 27 fingers) with our modified protocols. We repaired the lacerated flexor digitorum profundus tendons with core suture repairs using the 6-strand M-Tang method and without circumferential sutures. We divided the pulleys as much as needed to allow excursion of the repaired tendons, including complete division of the A4 or A2 pulleys when necessary. In nine fingers, we repaired one slip of the flexor digitorum superficialis tendon and resected the other half...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
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