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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342081/age-and-gender-differences-in-psychological-distress-among-african-americans-and-whites-findings-from-the-2016-national-health-interview-survey
#1
Daphne C Watkins, Natasha C Johnson
Previous studies report a race and mental health paradox: Whites score higher on measures of major depression compared to African Americans, but the opposite is true for psychological distress (i.e., African Americans score higher on distress measures compared to Whites). Independently, race, age, and gender outcomes for psychological distress are well documented in the literature. However, there is relatively little research on how psychological distress interferes with the lives of African Americans and Whites at the intersection of their various race, age, and gender identities...
January 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341850/clinical-inertia-in-a-randomized-trial-of-telemedicine-based-chronic-disease-management-lessons-learned
#2
Anna Beth Barton, Daniel E Okorodudu, Hayden B Bosworth, Matthew J Crowley
BACKGROUND: Treatment nonadherence and clinical inertia perpetuate poor cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor control. Telemedicine interventions may counter both treatment nonadherence and clinical inertia. INTRODUCTION: We explored why a telemedicine intervention designed to reduce treatment nonadherence and clinical inertia did not improve CVD risk factor control, despite enhancing treatment adherence versus usual care. METHODS: In this analysis of a randomized trial, we studied recipients of the 12-month telemedicine intervention...
January 17, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340703/psychosocial-influences-of-african-americans-men-s-health
#3
Roland J Thorpe, Keith E Whitfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340702/risk-and-protective-factors-for-depressive-symptoms-among-african-american-men-an-application-of-the-stress-process-model
#4
Mathew D Gayman, Ben Lennox Kail, Amy Spring, George R Greenidge
Objectives: This study employs the stress process model (SPM) to identify risk/protective factors for mental health among adult African American men. Method: Using a community-based sample of Miami, FL residents linked to neighborhood Census data, this study identifies risk/protective factors for depressive symptomatology using a sample of 248 adult African American men. Results: The stress process variables independently associated with depressive symptoms were family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors, and daily discrimination...
January 11, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340318/apol1-risk-variants-independently-associated-with-early-cardiovascular-disease-death
#5
Michael D Hughson, Wendy E Hoy, Susan A Mott, John F Bertram, Cheryl A Winkler, Jeffrey B Kopp
Introduction: The relationship of APOL1 renal risk variants to cardiovascular disease (CVD) is controversial and was the subject of this investigation. Methods: Age, cause of death, and nephrosclerosis (the latter defined by glomerulosclerosis) were analyzed in the autopsies of 162 African Americans and 136 whites genotyped for APOL1 risk alleles. Results: Sudden deaths represented >75% of CVD autopsies for both races and all-risk genotypes...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340269/examining-relationships-between-perceptions-and-objective-assessments-of-neighborhood-environment-and-sedentary-time-data-from-the-washington-d-c-cardiovascular-health-and-needs-assessment
#6
Chaarushi Ahuja, Colby Ayers, Jacob Hartz, Joel Adu-Brimpong, Samantha Thomas, Valerie Mitchell, Marlene Peters-Lawrence, Dana Sampson, Alyssa T Brooks, Gwenyth Wallen, Allan Johnson, Lennox Graham, Avis Graham, Joshua Rivers, Leah Yingling, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Sedentary time (ST) and neighborhood environment (NE) are predictors of cardiovascular (CV) health. However, little is known about ST's relationship with NE. We examined associations of perceived and objective NE with ST in the predominantly African American faith-based population of the Washington, D.C. CV Health and Needs Assessment. After using community-based research principles, participants reported NE perceptions, including sidewalks, recreational areas, and crime presence. Factor analysis was conducted to explore pertinent constructs; factor sums were created and combined as Total Perception Score (TPS) (higher score = more favorable perception)...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339359/genetic-variants-in-immune-related-pathways-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-african-american-women-in-the-amber-consortium
#7
Chi-Chen Hong, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Song Liu, Qiang Hu, Song Yao, Kathryn L Lunetta, Stephen A Haddad, Edward A Ruiz-Narváez, Jeannette T Bensen, Ting-Yuan David Cheng, Elisa V Bandera, Lynn A Rosenberg, Christopher A Haiman, Kelvin P Lee, Sharon S Evans, Scott I Abrams, Elizabeth A Repasky, Andrew F Olshan, Julie R Palmer, Christine B Ambrosone
BACKGROUND: Constitutional immunity shaped by exposure to endemic infectious diseases and parasitic worms in Sub-Saharan Africa may play a role in the etiology of breast cancer among African American (AA) women. METHODS: A total of 13,235 gene variants in 433 genes across 45 immune pathways were analyzed in the AMBER consortium among 3,663 breast cancer cases and 4,687 controls. Gene-based pathway analyses were conducted using the adaptive rank truncated product statistic for overall breast cancer risk, and risk by estrogen receptor (ER) status...
January 16, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338753/examining-within-and-across-day-relationships-between-transient-and-chronic-stress-and-parent-food-related-parenting-practices-in-a-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population-stress-types-and-food-related-parenting-practices
#8
Jerica M Berge, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Angela Fertig, Scott Crow, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Michael Miner
BACKGROUND: Although prior research suggests that stress may play a role in parent's use of food-related parenting practices, it is unclear whether certain types of stress (e.g., transient, chronic) result in different food-related parenting practices. Identifying whether and how transient (i.e., momentary; parent/child conflict) and chronic (i.e., long-term; unemployment >6 months) sources of stress are related to parent food-related parenting practices is important with regard to childhood obesity...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338747/oxidative-stress-predicts-cognitive-decline-with-aging-in-healthy-adults-an-observational-study
#9
Ihab Hajjar, Salim S Hayek, Felicia C Goldstein, Greg Martin, Dean P Jones, Arshed Quyyumi
BACKGROUND: Redox signaling, which can be assessed by circulating aminothiols, reflects oxidative stress (OS) status and has been linked to clinical cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. These, in turn, are related to executive function decline. OS may precede the pro-inflammatory state seen in vascular disease. The objective of this study is to investigate the association between aminothiol markers of OS and inflammation in cognitive decline, especially in the executive cognitive domain which is highly susceptible to cardiovascular risk factors and is an important predictor of cognitive disability...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338663/cultural-competency-in-dementia-care-an-african-american-case-study
#10
Jennie Leeder Clark, Sarah Phoenix, Ann Choryan Bilbrey, Terese McManis, Kristel Anne Escal, Rohini Arulanantham, Tiana Sisay, Rita Ghatak
Age is the greatest risk factor for Alzheimer's disease, the most common cause of dementia. The older population in the United States is growing, and within this demographic ethnic and racial diversity is also on the rise. This article introduces Stanford Health Care's Memory Support Program (MSP) as a model for culturally competent dementia care that spans inpatient and outpatient settings. The case study of an African American patient and family dealing with an Alzheimer's disease diagnosis and comorbid conditions is presented and explored to illustrate the MSP model...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338330/joint-influence-of-snps-and-dna-methylation-on-lipids-in-african-americans-from-hypertensive-sibships
#11
Michelle L Wright, Erin B Ware, Jennifer A Smith, Sharon L R Kardia, Jacquelyn Y Taylor
INTRODUCTION: Plasma concentrations of lipids (i.e., total cholesterol, high-density cholesterol, low-density cholesterol, and triglycerides) are amenable to therapeutic intervention and remain important factors for assessing risk of cardiovascular diseases. Some of the observed variability in serum lipid concentrations has been associated with genetic and epigenetic variants among cohorts with European ancestry (EA). Serum lipid levels have also been associated with genetic variants in multiethnic populations...
January 1, 2018: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338328/avoidance-meaning-and-grief-psychosocial-factors-influencing-engagement-in-hiv-care
#12
Georgia J Michlig, Ryan P Westergaard, Yukyan Lam, Azal Ahmadi, Gregory D Kirk, Andrew Genz, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi Hutton, Pamela J Surkan
Although the introduction of antiretroviral therapy has rendered HIV a chronic illness, inconsistent engagement in HIV care by key populations limits its public health impact. Poor engagement in care is especially prevalent among vulnerable populations with mental health and substance use disorders. Beyond structural and health system considerations, psychosocial factors may present challenges to sustained engagement. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 31 primarily African American, urban-based individuals, many with past or current drug use and mental disorders, living with HIV...
January 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338131/gross-anatomy-education-for-south-african-undergraduate-physiotherapy-students
#13
Dorothy A Shead, Ronel Roos, Benita Olivier, Amadi O Ihunwo
Eight faculties in South Africa offer undergraduate physiotherapy training with gross anatomy included as a basis for clinical practice. Little information exists about anatomy education for this student body. A 42-question peer-reviewed survey was distributed to physiotherapy gross anatomy course coordinators in all the eight faculties. Seven coordinators from six (75%) of the universities responded. Two respondents' data from the same university were pooled. Collected data show that staff qualifications and experience varied widely and high to average staff to student ratios exist between faculties...
January 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338082/racial-ethnic-differences-in-thyroid-cancer-incidence-in-the-united-states-2007-2014
#14
Kristin S Weeks, Amanda R Kahl, Charles F Lynch, Mary E Charlton
BACKGROUND: Small tumor diagnostic tools including ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) and computed tomography (CT) could be causing rising and racially/ethnically different thyroid cancer incidence rates due to variable overdiagnosis of indolent tumors. Papillary tumors and <40 mm tumors are most likely to be overdiagnosed as indolent tumors by FNA and CT. METHODS: Age-adjusted incidence rates (AAIRs) for the years 2007-2014 were calculated for race/ethnicity (white, Hispanic, Asian, African American, Native American) by patient/tumor characteristics for microscopically confirmed malignant thyroid cancer cases in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program 18 database (SEER 18; N = 93,607)...
January 16, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337878/tetrasubstituted-imidazolium-salts-as-potent-antiparasitic-agents-against-african-and-american-trypanosomiases
#15
Ouldouz Ghashghaei, Nicola Kielland, Marc Revés, Martin C Taylor, John M Kelly, Ornella Di Pietro, Diego Muñoz-Torrero, Belén Pérez, Rodolfo Lavilla
Imidazolium salts are privileged compounds in organic chemistry, and have valuable biological properties. Recent studies show that symmetric imidazolium salts with bulky moieties can display antiparasitic activity against T. cruzi. After developing a facile methodology for the synthesis of tetrasubstituted imidazolium salts from propargylamines and isocyanides, we screened a small library of these adducts against the causative agents of African and American trypanosomiases. These compounds display nanomolar activity against T...
January 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336671/the-indirect-effect-of-ethnic-identity-on-marijuana-use-through-school-engagement-an-african-american-high-school-sample
#16
Chelsea E Arsenault, Sycarah Fisher, Danelle Stevens-Watkins, Jessica Barnes-Najor
BACKGROUND: African American marijuana use is associated with many negative social, emotional, and health-related consequences. Of significance, over recent years this population has shown an increase in use. In the literature, ethnic identity and school engagement are prominent protective factors against substance use. OBJECTIVE: This study will examine how these protective factors are related, specifically whether ethnic identity mitigates risk through school engagement to reduce marijuana use...
January 16, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335822/emergency-department-throughput-an-intervention
#17
Nowreen Haq, Rona Stewart-Corral, Eric Hamrock, Jamie Perin, Waseem Khaliq
Shortening emergency department (ED) boarding time and managing hospital bed capacity by expediting the inpatient discharge process have been challenging for hospitals nationwide. The objective of this study is was to explore the effect of an innovative prospective intervention on hospital workflow, specifically on early inpatient discharges and the ED boarding time. The intervention consisted of a structured nursing "admission discharge transfer" (ADT) protocol receiving new admissions from the ED and helping out floor nursing with early discharges...
January 15, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334994/the-relationship-between-home-and-individual-level-diet-quality-among-african-american-and-hispanic-latino-households-with-young-children
#18
Angela Kong, Linda Schiffer, Mirjana Antonic, Carol Braunschweig, Angela Odoms-Young, Marian Fitzgibbon
BACKGROUND: The quality of most Americans' diets is far from optimal. Given that many Americans consume a significant portion of calories in the home, intervening in this setting could be beneficial. However, the relationship between the home food environment and diet quality is not well understood. This study examined the relationship between diet quality at the individual level with home-level diet quality using an index that measures compliance with federal dietary guidance. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study that enrolled 97 African American and Hispanic/Latino low-income parent-child dyads...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334983/an-individually-tailored-family-centered-intervention-for-pediatric-obesity-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-type-ii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-raising-healthy-children-study
#19
Justin D Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C Atkins, Shrikanth S Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J Grimm, Thomas J Dishion, Anne M Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K Meachum, Emily Winslow, Meg M Bruening
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the possibility of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Family-based behavioral interventions are an underutilized, evidence-based approach that have been found to significantly prevent excess weight gain and obesity in children and adolescents. Poor program availability, low participation rates, and non-adherence are noted barriers to positive outcomes...
January 15, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334233/perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-older-african-americans-the-role-of-psychological-well-being
#20
Eunkyung Yoon, Corvell Coburn, Susie A Spence
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effect of perceived discrimination (both racial and non-racial) on the mental health of older African Americans and explore the buffering role of psychological well-being (purpose in life and self-acceptance). METHODS: Using an older African American subsample from the National Health Measurement Study (n = 397), multiple regression model by gender was used to estimate the effects of two types of discrimination (every day and lifetime) on SF-36 mental component and mediating role of two concepts of psychological well-being...
January 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
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