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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647681/daily-associations-between-cannabis-motives-and-consumption-in-emerging-adults
#1
Erin E Bonar, Jason E Goldstick, R Lorraine Collins, James A Cranford, Rebecca M Cunningham, Stephen T Chermack, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of cannabis use among emerging adults is a growing public health problem. Intensive longitudinal data can provide information on proximal motives for cannabis use, which can inform interventions to reduce use among emerging adults. METHOD: As part of a larger longitudinal study, patients aged 18-25 years (N=95) recruited from an urban Emergency Department completed daily text message assessments of risk behaviors for 28days, including daily cannabis quantity and motives...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647544/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-among-state-medicaid-programs-for-breast-cancer-screening
#2
Florence K Tangka, Sujha Subramanian, Lee Rivers Mobley, Sonja Hoover, Jiantong Wang, Ingrid J Hall, Simple D Singh
Breast cancer screening by mammography has been shown to reduce breast cancer morbidity and mortality. The use of mammography screening though varies by race, ethnicity, and, sociodemographic characteristics. Medicaid is an important source of insurance in the US for low-income beneficiaries, who are disproportionately members of racial or ethnic minorities, and who are less likely to be screened than women with higher socioeconomic statuses. We used 2006-2008 data from Medicaid claims and enrollment files to assess racial or ethnic and geographic disparities in the use of breast cancer screening among Medicaid-insured women at the state level...
June 21, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647164/liver-transplantation-in-new-orleans-parity-in-a-world-of-disparity
#3
Alison A Smith, Michael Darden, Zaid Al-Qurayshi, Anil S Paramesh, Mary Killackey, Emad Kandil, Geoffrey Parker, Luis Balart, Paul Friedlander, Joseph F Buell
BACKGROUND: Racial disparity in access to liver transplantation among African Americans (AA) compared to Caucasians (CA) has been well described. The aim of this investigation was to examine the presentation of AA liver transplant recipients in a socioeconomically challenged region. METHODS: 680 adult liver transplant candidates and 233 resultant recipients between 2007 and 2015 were analyzed using univariate and multivariate analyses to evaluate factors significant for transplantation...
June 21, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646976/promoting-parent-academic-expectations-predicts-improved-school-outcomes-for-low-income-children-entering-kindergarten
#4
John E Loughlin-Presnal, Karen L Bierman
This study explored patterns of change in the REDI (Research-based Developmentally Informed) Parent program (REDI-P), designed to help parents support child learning at the transition into kindergarten. Participants were 200 prekindergarten children attending Head Start (55% European-American, 26% African American, 19% Latino, 56% male, Mage=4.45years, SD=0.29) and their primary caregivers, who were randomized to a 16-session home-visiting intervention (REDI-P) or a control group. Extending beyond a prior study documenting intervention effects on parenting behaviors and child kindergarten outcomes, this study assessed the impact of REDI-P on parent academic expectations, and then explored the degree to which intervention gains in three areas of parenting (parent-child interactive reading, parent-child conversations, parent academic expectations) predicted child outcomes in kindergarten (controlling for baseline values and a set of child and family characteristics)...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646519/the-association-of-health-literacy-with-preventable-ed-visits-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Meenakshi P Balakrishnan, Jill Boylston Herndon, Jingnan Zhang, Thomas Payton, Jonathan Shuster, Donna L Carden
BACKGROUND: Policy-makers argue that emergency department (ED) visits for conditions preventable with high-quality outpatient care contribute to waste in the healthcare system. However, access to ambulatory care is uneven, especially for vulnerable populations like minorities, the poor and those with limited health literacy. The impact of limited health literacy on ED visits that are preventable with timely, high-quality ambulatory care is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of health literacy and preventable ED visits...
June 24, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646162/associations-between-global-dna-methylation-and-telomere-length-in-healthy-adolescents
#6
Yutong Dong, Ying Huang, Bernard Gutin, Anas Raed, Yanbin Dong, Haidong Zhu
Emerging evidence suggests that epigenetics regulates telomere dynamics in adults. However, the relationship between these pathways in children and youth remains unknown. Thus, we examined this association in 542 healthy adolescents aged 14 to 18 years old (44.8% African Americans; 55.2% females). Global DNA methylation level (%5-mC) was quantified using ELISA method. Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) was defined as relative telomere to single copy gene (T/S) ratio. Multiple linear regression models, adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, Tanner stage, BMI, PA, and batch effect, revealed that %5 mC was associated with LTL (adjusted β = 0...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645958/factors-predicting-self-reported-medication-low-adherence-in-a-large-sample-of-adults-in-the-us-general-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Michael Feehan, Margaux A Morrison, Casey Tak, Donald E Morisky, Margaret M DeAngelis, Mark A Munger
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the level and correlates of self-reported medication low adherence in the US general population. SETTING: A 30 min cross-sectional online survey was conducted with a national sample of adults. PARTICIPANTS: 9202 adults (aged 18+) who had filled at least three or more prescriptions at a community pharmacy in the past 12 months. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported medication adherence was measured with the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645730/the-relation-of-digital-vascular-function-to-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-african-americans-using-digital-tonometry-the-jackson-heart-study
#8
Eric E McClendon, Solomon K Musani, Tandaw E Samdarshi, Sushant Khaire, Donny Stokes, Naomi M Hamburg, Koby Sheffy, Gary F Mitchell, Herman R Taylor, Emelia J Benjamin, Ervin R Fox
Digital vascular tone and function, as measured by peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT), are associated with cardiovascular risk and events in non-Hispanic whites. There are limited data on relations between PAT and cardiovascular risk in African-Americans. PAT was performed on a subset of Jackson Heart Study participants using a fingertip tonometry device. Resting digital vascular tone was assessed as baseline pulse amplitude. Hyperemic vascular response to 5 minutes of ischemia was expressed as the PAT ratio (hyperemic/baseline amplitude ratio)...
June 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645647/racial-disparity-in-mycosis-fungoides-an-analysis-of-4495-cases-from-the-us-national-cancer-database
#9
Chang Su, Kevin A Nguyen, Harrison X Bai, Ya Cao, Yongguang Tao, Rong Xiao, Giorgos Karakousis, Paul J Zhang, Guiying Zhang
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown contradictory results regarding the survival outcomes among white, African American, and Asian patients with mycosis fungoides (MF). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the survival outcomes among white, African American, and Asian patients with MF and to determine other prognostic factors of the disease. METHODS: The US National Cancer Database was used to identify patients with histologically confirmed MF from 2004 to 2014...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645331/circadian-clock-gene-polymorphisms-in-relation-to-sleep-patterns-and-obesity-in-african-americans-findings-from-the-jackson-heart-study
#10
Pia Riestra, Samson Y Gebreab, Ruihua Xu, Rumana J Khan, Amadou Gaye, Adolfo Correa, Nancy Min, Mario Sims, Sharon K Davis
BACKGROUND: Circadian rhythms regulate key biological processes and the dysregulation of the intrinsic clock mechanism affects sleep patterns and obesity onset. The CLOCK (circadian locomotor output cycles protein kaput) gene encodes a core transcription factor of the molecular circadian clock influencing diverse metabolic pathways, including glucose and lipid homeostasis. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the associations between CLOCK single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and body mass index (BMI)...
June 23, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645320/acromegaly-discovered-during-a-routine-out-patient-surgical-procedure-a-case-report
#11
Chukwudi O Chiaghana, Julia M Bauerfeind, Cheri A Sulek, J Christopher Goldstein, Caleb A Awoniyi
BACKGROUND: Acromegaly is a rare syndrome in which there is unregulated hypersecretion of growth hormone. The anesthetic management of patients with this disorder is particularly challenging due to pre-existing cardiovascular and respiratory dysfunction, as well as recognized difficulties with airway management. Because of the insidious progression of the disease and the presence of nonspecific signs and symptoms, diagnosis is often made late when characteristic acromegalic features become apparent...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645198/diabetes-specific-and-general-life-stress-and-glycemic-outcomes-in-emerging-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-is-race-ethnicity-a-moderator
#12
Ashley M Butler, Bridget E Weller, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Kelly Fegan-Bohm, Barbara Anderson, Catherine Pihoker, Marisa E Hilliard
This study examines whether race/ethnicity moderates relationships of (a) diabetes stress and general life stressors with (b) diabetes outcomes of glycemic control and diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) among emerging adults (aged 18-25 years) with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Using a T1D Exchange Registry sample of non-Hispanic White, African American, and Hispanic emerging adults ( N  = 3,440), multiple group analyses were used to determine whether race/ethnicity moderates the relationships between stress and diabetes outcomes...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645040/longitudinal-effects-of-religious-involvement-on-religious-coping-and-health-behaviors-in-a-national-sample-of-african-americans
#13
Cheryl L Holt, David L Roth, Jin Huang, Crystal L Park, Eddie M Clark
Many studies have examined associations between religious involvement and health, linking various dimensions of religion with a range of physical health outcomes and often hypothesizing influences on health behaviors. However, far fewer studies have examined explanatory mechanisms of the religion-health connection, and most have overwhelmingly relied on cross-sectional analyses. Given the relatively high levels of religious involvement among African Americans and the important role that religious coping styles may play in health, the present study tested a longitudinal model of religious coping as a potential mediator of a multidimensional religious involvement construct (beliefs; behaviors) on multiple health behaviors (e...
June 15, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644946/effectiveness-of-corticosteroid-injections-for-treatment-of-de-quervain-s-tenosynovitis
#14
Jinhee K Oh, Susan Messing, Ollivier Hyrien, Warren C Hammert
BACKGROUND: Although surgery can provide definitive treatment for de Quervain's tenosynovitis, nonoperative treatment could be preferable if symptoms are predictably relieved. We sought to determine the effectiveness of corticosteroid injections as treatment for de Quervain's tenosynovitis and to evaluate patient characteristics as predictors of treatment outcome. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using our institutional database International Classification of Disease, version 9 (ICD-9) code list for de Quervain's tenosynovitis...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644703/the-relation-of-protective-factors-to-deliberate-self-harm-among-african-american-adults-moderating-roles-of-gender-and-sexual-orientation-identity
#15
Lindsey T Davis, Nicole H Weiss, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) among African-Americans. Moreover, most research on the correlates of DSH in general has focused on risk factors rather than protective factors. AIMS: This study examined differences in perceived social support, religiosity (both spirituality and church attendance) and overall life satisfaction between African-Americans with and without a history of DSH, as well as the moderating roles of gender and sexual orientation in these relations...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643582/adverse-childhood-circumstances-and-functional-status-throughout-adult-life
#16
James N Laditka, Sarah B Laditka
OBJECTIVE: We studied the association of childhood adversity with adult functional status. METHOD: With data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics and the 2014 Childhood Retrospective Circumstances Study (1992-2013; N = 6,705; 62,885 person-years), we estimated functional status transition probabilities associated with childhood adversity, with multinomial logistic Markov models adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, and education. Microsimulation then estimated functional status outcomes throughout adulthood for African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women and men...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643464/adiponectin-isoform-patterns-in-ethnic-specific-adipoq-mutation-carriers-the-iras-family-study
#17
Keri L Tabb, Chuan Gao, Pamela J Hicks, Gregory A Hawkins, Jerome I Rotter, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Xiuqing Guo, Jill M Norris, Carlos Lorenzo, Barry I Freedman, Donald W Bowden, Nicholette D Palmer
OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin is found in human serum in three groups of multimers (high molecular weight [HMW], medium molecular weight [MMW], and low molecular weight [LMW]). Two ethnic-specific variants in ADIPOQ, G45R (Hispanic-Americans) and R55C (African-Americans), were previously reported. Although carriers of both variants had mean adiponectin levels ≤ 20% of those of noncarriers, they were not clinically different from noncarriers. To compare carriers of both variants and noncarriers, relative quantification of adiponectin isoforms to total adiponectin was performed on serum samples...
June 23, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643420/impact-on-survival-of-warfarin-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-receiving-subcutaneous-treprostinil
#18
Mona Ascha, Xuan Zhou, Youlan Rao, Omar A Minai, Adriano R Tonelli
INTRODUCTION: Anticoagulation is a common treatment modality in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Further studies are needed to appropriately assess the risk / benefit ratio of anticoagulation, particularly in PAH patients receiving PAH-specific therapies. AIMS: We use observational long-term data on PAH patients treated with subcutaneous (SQ) treprostinil from a large open-label study. Patients were followed for up to four years. The use of warfarin and bleeding events were recorded...
June 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643269/-doing-difference-and-fast-food-consumption-patterns-among-a-sample-of-white-and-african-american-emerging-adults
#19
Jeannette M Wade
Previous research has demonstrated that frequent consumption of fast food is linked to obesity and that trends in both are disparate across race and sex categories. Contextualizing race- and sex-related factors that structure fast food consumption in emerging adulthood is a much-needed contribution to social research. Specifically, this study uses the "doing difference" framework, to examine the frequency of fast food consumption in a sample of White and African American (18-25 years old). According to the framework, social inequalities are reproduced through dramaturgical performances of race, class, and gender...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643207/parental-depressive-symptoms-as-a-predictor-of-outcome-in-the-treatment-of-child-depression
#20
Dikla Eckshtain, Lauren Krumholz Marchette, Jessica Schleider, John R Weisz
Child depression is an impairing condition for which psychotherapies have shown modest effects. Parental depression is a risk factor for development of child depression and might also be negatively associated with child depression treatment outcomes. To explore this possibility, we analyzed data from a study in which children were treated for depression after parental depressive symptoms had been assessed at baseline. Among children treated for depression in a randomized controlled trial, we identified 31 who had child- and parent-report pre- and post-treatment data on child symptoms and parent-report of pre-treatment parental depressive symptoms...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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