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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930165/timeliness-of-childhood-primary-immunization-and-risk-factors-related-with-delays-evidence-from-the-2014-zhejiang-provincial-vaccination-coverage-survey
#1
Yu Hu, Qian Li, Yaping Chen
Background: this study aimed to assess both immunization coverage and timeliness, as well as reasons for non-vaccination, and identity the risk factors of delayed immunization, for the vaccines scheduled during the first year of life, in Zhejiang province, east China. Methods: A cluster survey among children aged 24-35 months was conducted. Demographic information and socio-economic characteristics of the selected child, the mother, and the household were collected. Immunization data were transcribed from immunization cards...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918379/infanrix-hexa-and-sudden-death-a-review-of-the-periodic-safety-update-reports-submitted-to-the-european-medicines-agency
#2
Jacob Puliyel, C Sathyamala
There have been a number of spontaneous reports of sudden unexpected death soon after the administration of Infanrix hexa (combined diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, hepatitis B, inactivated poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenza type B vaccine). The manufacturer, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), submits confidential periodic safety update reports (PSURs) on Infanrix hexa to the European Medicines Agency (EMA). The latest is the PSUR 19. Each PSUR contains an analysis of observed/expected sudden deaths, which shows that the number of observed deaths soon after immunisation is lower than that expected by chance...
September 5, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899311/australian-national-enterovirus-reference-laboratory-annual-report-2014
#3
Jason Roberts, Linda Hobday, Aishah Ibrahim, Thomas Aitken, Bruce Thorley
Following the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation, Australia conducts surveillance for cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) in children less than 15 years of age as the main method to monitor its polio-free status. Cases of AFP in children are notified to the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit or the Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance System and faecal specimens are referred for virological investigation to the National Enterovirus Reference Laboratory. In 2014, no cases of poliomyelitis were reported from clinical surveillance and Australia reported 1...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893741/prevention-and-assessment-of-infectious-diseases-among-children-and-adult-migrants-arriving-to-the-european-union-european-economic-association-a-protocol-for-a-suite-of-systematic-reviews-for-public-health-and-health-systems
#4
Kevin Pottie, Alain D Mayhew, Rachael L Morton, Christina Greenaway, Elie A Akl, Prinon Rahman, Dominik Zenner, Manish Pareek, Peter Tugwell, Vivian Welch, Joerg Meerpohl, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Charles Hui, Beverley-Ann Biggs, Ana Requena-Méndez, Eric Agbata, Teymur Noori, Holger J Schünemann
INTRODUCTION: The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control is developing evidence-based guidance for voluntary screening, treatment and vaccine prevention of infectious diseases for newly arriving migrants to the European Union/European Economic Area. The objective of this systematic review protocol is to guide the identification, appraisal and synthesis of the best available evidence on prevention and assessment of the following priority infectious diseases: tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis (polio), Haemophilus influenza disease, strongyloidiasis and schistosomiasis...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870053/-domestic-external-fixator-application-in-the-treatment-of-limb-deformities-7-289-cases-application-report
#5
S H Qin, B F Guo, X J Zheng, S F Jiao, H T Xia, A M Peng, Q Pan, J C Zang, Z J Wang
Objective: To discuss the clinical application and effects of domestic external fixator in the treatment of patients with malformations of limbs. Methods: A total of 7 289 patients with malformation of limbs who had been operated in Qin Sihe orthopedic surgery team from January 1989 to June 2016 were retrospective analyzed. The patients were treated with domestic external fixator, including 4 033 males and 3 256 females, aging from 2 to 82 years with a mean age of 23.4 years. There were 2 732 patients using Ilizarov external fixator, 4 713 patients using hybrid external fixator, 57 patients using monobrachial external fixator, 232 patients using Ilizarov external fixator and hybrid external fixator...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859911/global-dynamics-of-a-mathematical-model-for-the-possible-re-emergence-of-polio
#6
Attila Dénes, László Székely
Motivated by studies warning about a possible re-emergence of poliomyelitis in Europe, we analyse a compartmental model for the transmission of polio describing the possible effect of unvaccinated people arriving to a region with low vaccination coverage. We calculate the basic reproduction number, and determine the global dynamics of the system: we show that, depending on the parameters, one of the two equilibria is globally asymptotically stable. The main tools applied are Lyapunov functions and persistence theory...
August 30, 2017: Mathematical Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855045/acute-flaccid-myelitis-in-german-children-in-2016-the-return-of-polio
#7
Johannes Hübner, Bernd Kruse, Hans-Jürgen Christen, Jürgen Weidenmann, Viktoria Weiner, Jan-Christoph Schöne-Bake, Anna Eichinger, Sabine Diedrich, Wolfgang Müller-Felber
BACKGROUND: Although poliomyelitis has almost been eradicated worldwide, cases of a polio-like disease with asymmetrical flaccid paralysis of variable severity have been seen repeatedly in recent years. METHODS: Data were collected on children treated in hospitals in the German federal states of Bavaria and Lower Saxony in 2016. The frequency of disease across Germany was estimated on the basis of voluntary reporting to the Robert Koch Institute. 16 cases were registered there for the entire year 2016...
August 21, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846490/post-marketing-surveillance-study-to-assess-the-safety-and-tolerability-of-an-inactivated-poliomyelitis-vaccine-in-indian-children
#8
Hitt Sharma, Rajeev Dhere, Sameer Parekh, Sunil Shewale
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of adverse events following administration of an Inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) manufactured by Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd., Pune, India. METHODS: A single 0.5 ml dose of the IPV was administered intramuscularly to children attending private clinics or out-patient department of hospitals for routine immunization across different cities in India. They were observed over a period of 30 days for local or systemic adverse events and rare case of anaphylaxis, if any...
August 28, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845415/understanding-the-dynamics-of-poliomyelitis-spread-in-pakistan
#9
Atta Abbas Naqvi, Syed Baqir Shyum Naqvi, Nida Yazdani, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad, Fatima Zehra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838196/addressing-the-challenges-and-opportunities-of-the-polio-endgame-lessons-for-the-future
#10
Manish Patel, Stephen Cochi
The Global Commission for the Certification of the Eradication of Poliomyelitis certified the eradication of type 2 poliovirus in September 2015, making type 2 poliovirus the first human pathogen to be eradicated since smallpox. The eradication of type 2 poliovirus, the absence of detection of type 3 poliovirus worldwide since November 2012, and cornering type 1 poliovirus to only a few geographic areas of 3 countries has enabled implementation of the endgame of polio eradication which calls for a phased withdrawal of oral polio vaccine beginning with the type 2 component, introduction of inactivated poliovirus vaccine, strengthening of routine immunization in countries with extensive polio resources, and initiating activities to transition polio resources, program experience, and lessons learned to other global health initiatives...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838189/communications-immunization-and-polio-vaccines-lessons-from-a-global-perspective-on-generating-political-will-informing-decision-making-and-planning-and-engaging-local-support
#11
Lisa Menning, Gaurav Garg, Deepa Pokharel, Elizabeth Thrush, Margaret Farrell, Frederic Kunjbe Kodio, Chantal Laroche Veira, Sarah Wanyoike, Suleman Malik, Manish Patel, Oliver Rosenbauer
The requirements under objective 2 of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018-to introduce at least 1 dose of inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV); withdraw oral poliomyelitis vaccine (OPV), starting with the type 2 component; and strengthen routine immunization programs-set an ambitious series of targets for countries. Effective implementation of IPV introduction and the switch from trivalent OPV (containing types 1, 2, and 3 poliovirus) to bivalent OPV (containing types 1 and 3 poliovirus) called for intense global communications and coordination on an unprecedented scale from 2014 to 2016, involving global public health technical agencies and donors, vaccine manufacturers, World Health Organization and United Nations Children's Fund regional offices, and national governments...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819963/progress-towards-poliomyelitis-eradication-afghanistan-january-2016%C3%A2-june-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2017: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817551/progress-toward-poliomyelitis-eradication-afghanistan-january-2016-june-2017
#13
Maureen Martinez, Hemant Shukla, Joanna Nikulin, Mufti Zubair Wadood, Stephen Hadler, Chukwuma Mbaeyi, Rudolph Tangermann, Jaume Jorba, Derek Ehrhardt
Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nigeria remain the only countries where the transmission of endemic wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) continues (1). This report describes polio eradication activities, progress, and challenges in Afghanistan during January 2016-June 2017 and updates previous reports (2,3). Thirteen WPV1 cases were confirmed in Afghanistan in 2016, a decrease of seven from the 20 cases reported in 2015. From January to June 2017, five WPV1 cases were reported, compared with six during the same period in 2016...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811473/plant-made-polio-type-3-stabilized-vlps-a-candidate-synthetic-polio-vaccine
#14
Johanna Marsian, Helen Fox, Mohammad W Bahar, Abhay Kotecha, Elizabeth E Fry, David I Stuart, Andrew J Macadam, David J Rowlands, George P Lomonossoff
Poliovirus (PV) is the causative agent of poliomyelitis, a crippling human disease known since antiquity. PV occurs in two distinct antigenic forms, D and C, of which only the D form elicits a robust neutralizing response. Developing a synthetically produced stabilized virus-like particle (sVLP)-based vaccine with D antigenicity, without the drawbacks of current vaccines, will be a major step towards the final eradication of poliovirus. Such a sVLP would retain the native antigenic conformation and the repetitive structure of the original virus particle, but lack infectious genomic material...
August 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805465/what-we-are-watching-top-global-infectious-disease-threats-2013-2016-an-update-from-cdc-s-global-disease-detection-operations-center
#15
Kira A Christian, A Danielle Iuliano, Timothy M Uyeki, Eric D Mintz, Stuart T Nichol, Pierre Rollin, J Erin Staples, Ray R Arthur
To better track public health events in areas where the public health system is unable or unwilling to report the event to appropriate public health authorities, agencies can conduct event-based surveillance, which is defined as the organized collection, monitoring, assessment, and interpretation of unstructured information regarding public health events that may represent an acute risk to public health. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) Global Disease Detection Operations Center (GDDOC) was created in 2007 to serve as CDC's platform dedicated to conducting worldwide event-based surveillance, which is now highlighted as part of the "detect" element of the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA)...
August 14, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802756/feasibility-of-using-global-system-for-mobile-communication-gsm-based-tracking-for-vaccinators-to-improve-oral-poliomyelitis-vaccine-campaign-coverage-in-rural-pakistan
#16
Subhash Chandir, Vijay Kumar Dharma, Danya Arif Siddiqi, Aamir Javed Khan
Despite multiple rounds of immunization campaigns, it has not been possible to achieve optimum immunization coverage for poliovirus in Pakistan. Supplementary activities to improve coverage of immunization, such as door-to-door campaigns are constrained by several factors including inaccurate hand-drawn maps and a lack of means to objectively monitor field teams in real time, resulting in suboptimal vaccine coverage during campaigns. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) - based tracking of mobile subscriber identity modules (SIMs) of vaccinators provides a low-cost solution to identify missed areas and ensure effective immunization coverage...
August 9, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793865/perceived-consequences-of-ageing-with-late-effects-of-polio-and-strategies-for-managing-daily-life-a-qualitative-study
#17
Catharina Sjödahl Hammarlund, Jan Lexell, Christina Brogårdh
BACKGROUND: New or increased impairments may develop several decades after an acute poliomyelitis infection. These new symptoms, commonly referred to as late effects of polio (LEoP), are characterised by muscular weakness and fatigue, generalised fatigue, pain at rest or during activities and cold intolerance. Growing older with LEoP may lead to increased activity limitations and participation restrictions, but there is limited knowledge of how these persons perceive the practical and psychological consequences of ageing with LEoP and what strategies they use in daily life...
August 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790472/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-patients-of-post-polio-residual-paralysis-a-retrospective-case-series
#18
Francisco Borja Sobrón, Álvaro Martínez-Ayora, Manuel Cuervas-Mons, Tania Quevedo, Rafael Laguna, Javier Vaquero
BACKGROUND: Poliomyelitis is a viral, nervous system disease that affects both the upper and the lower extremities. The treatment of severe coxarthrosis in these patients with total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been widely questioned because of the high risk of subsequent complications. The aim of the present study was to describe both radiological and medium term clinical results in a series of patients with post polio residual paralysis that underwent THA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a retrospective review of a series of 5 five patients diagnosed with severe coxarthrosis secondary to post polio residual paralysis who were operated between 2008 and 2012...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766193/filovirus-research-how-it-began
#19
Werner Slenczka
The first reported filovirus outbreak occurred in August 1967, when laboratory workers in Marburg and Frankfurt, Germany, and Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia) became infected with an unknown highly pathogenic agent. The disease was characterized by high fever, malaise, rash, hemorrhagic and tetanic manifestations, and high lethality, amounting to 25%. The disease was introduced to Europe by grivets (Chlorocebus aethiops), which were used for biomedical research and vaccine production. The causative agent, Marburg virus, was isolated and identified by scientists of the University of Marburg, Germany in cooperation with specialists for viral electron microscopy at the Bernhard Nocht Institute in Hamburg, Germany...
August 2, 2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735429/history-of-club-foot-treatment-part-ii-tenotomy-in-the-nineteenth-century
#20
REVIEW
Philippe Hernigou, Nicolas Gravina, Damien Potage, Arnaud Dubory
Clubfoot is one of the most common congenital orthopaedic anomalies and was described by Hippocrates in the year 400 BC. From manipulation in antiquity to splint and plaster in the Renaissance the treatment had improved before tenotomy. Tenotomy was tested during the 19th century and will be explained in this manuscript; the introduction of subcutaneous tenotomy of the Achilles tendon had focused the attention of surgeons on the surgical treatment of clubfeet. While this operation was very successful in the correction of equinus deformities due to poliomyelitis, cerebral palsy, and old injuries, it was not a panacea for the patient with the congenital clubfoot...
July 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
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