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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922012/556-performance-of-acute-flaccid-paralysis-afp-surveillance-and-incidence-of-poliomyelitis-2016
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921417/progress-towards-poliomyelitis-eradication-pakistan-january-2015%C3%A2-september-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901633/acute-flaccid-paralysis-laboratorial-surveillance-in-a-polio-free-country-brazil-2005-2014
#3
Ivanildo P Sousa, Fernanda M Burlandy, Silas S Oliveira, Amanda M Nunes, Cristiane Sousa, Elaine M da Silva, Jaqueline G A Souza, Valdemar A de Paula, Ivone C M Oliveira, Fernando Neto Tavares, Eliane V da Costa, Edson E da Silva
The last case of paralytic poliomyelitis caused by wild poliovirus in Brazil occurred in 1989. The interruption of the indigenous poliovirus transmission was obtained through mass immunization campaigns to eligible children and an active epidemiological and laboratorial surveillance of all cases of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) among children under fifteen years of age. This paper describes and evaluates the performance of the AFP surveillance system in different geographic areas of Brazil between 2005 and 2014, using indicators recommended by WHO...
November 30, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886358/outcomes-of-total-hip-replacement-in-limbs-affected-by-poliomyelitis
#4
Cesare Faldini, Marcello De Fine, Alberto Di Martino, Daniele Fabbri, Raffaele Borghi, Mohammadreza Chehrassan, Francesco Traina
INTRODUCTION: The outcomes of total hip replacement in patients suffering from residual poliomyelitis are poorly covered in the literature. In this retrospective study we posed the question of whether total hip replacement performed for degenerative hip diseases in limbs with residual poliomyelitis could determine satisfactory mid-term clinical and radiographic results, with a reasonable complication rate. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out to assess the results of 14 total hip replacements performed on 14 patients with residual poliomyelitis on the involved limb from June 1999 to September 2011...
November 15, 2016: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885153/karl-otto-landsteiner-1868-1943-physician-biochemist-immunologist
#5
Armond S Goldman, Frank C Schmalsteig
Karl Landsteiner applied the sciences of biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, and immunology in medical research to great success during the first half of the 20th century. Although he is principally known for elucidating the major blood group antigens A and B and their isoantibodies for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, Landsteiner made many other important medical discoveries. In that respect, he ascertained that paralytic poliomyelitis was due to a virus, the pancreas was damaged in cystic fibrosis, simple chemicals called haptens were able to combine with antibodies, and the Rh antigen that was later found to be the principal cause of hemolytic anemia of the newborn was found in most humans...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880752/progress-toward-poliomyelitis-eradication-pakistan-january-2015-september-2016
#6
Christopher H Hsu, Abdirahman Mahamud, Rana Muhammad Safdar, Jamal Ahmed, Jaume Jorba, Salmaan Sharif, Noha Farag, Maureen Martinez, Rudolph H Tangermann, Derek Ehrhardt
Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria remain the only countries where endemic wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) transmission continues. This report describes the activities, challenges, and progress toward polio eradication in Pakistan during January 2015-September 2016 and updates previous reports (1,2). In 2015, a total of 54 WPV1 cases were reported in Pakistan, an 82% decrease from 2014. In 2016, 15 WPV1 cases had been reported as of November 1, representing a 61% decrease compared with the 38 cases reported during the same period in 2015 (Figure 1)...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880744/notice-to-readers-final-2015-reports-of-nationally-notifiable-infectious-diseases-and-conditions
#7
(no author information available yet)
The table listed in this report on pages 1307-1321 presents finalized data, as of June 30, 2016, from the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) for 2015. These data will be published in more detail in the Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases and Conditions - United States, 2015 (1). Because no cases were reported in the United States during 2015, the following diseases do not appear in this early release table: anthrax; dengue hemorrhagic fever; diphtheria; eastern equine encephalitis virus disease, nonneuroinvasive; poliomyelitis, paralytic; poliovirus infection, nonparalytic; severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus disease (SARS-CoV); smallpox; western equine encephalitis virus disease, neuroinvasive and nonneuroinvasive; yellow fever; and viral hemorrhagic fevers...
November 25, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869415/a-new-challenge-for-the-world-the-eradication-of-polio
#8
Ángela Gentile, Héctor Abate
Poliovirus infects 100% of susceptible individuals and causes acute flaccid paralysis in one out of200 infections. Type 1 causes epidemic poliomyelitis; type 2 has been eradicated worldwide; and type 3 is close to being eradicated. In this region, the last case of wild poliovirus occurred in Peru in 1991. There are still two endemic countries: Afghanistan and Pakistan, but countries where there is no circulation of the wild poliovirus have also reported imported cases of polio. In May 2012, the World Health Assembly declared the polio eradication a programmatic emergency for global public health and, as a result, developed the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869331/morbidity-and-mortality-following-poliomyelitis-a-lifelong-follow-up
#9
L Kay, N M Nielsen, B Wanscher, R Ibsen, J Kjellberg, P Jennum
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the world today 10-20 million people are still living with late effects of poliomyelitis (PM), but the long-term consequences of the disease are not well known. The aim of this study was to describe lifelong morbidity and mortality among Danes who survived PM. METHODS: Data from official registers for a cohort of 3606 Danes hospitalized for PM in the period 1940-1954 were compared with 13 762 age- and gender-matched controls. RESULTS: Compared with controls, mortality was moderately increased for both paralytic as well as non-paralytic PM cases; Hazard Ratio, 1...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867136/pediatric-orthopedic-surgery-in-humanitarian-aid
#10
REVIEW
Jérôme Sales de Gauzy
Pediatric orthopedic surgery in humanitarian aid is conducted mainly in cooperation with emerging countries. Each mission is different, and depends on numerous parameters such as the country, the frequency of such missions, the pathologies encountered, the local structure and team, and the non-governmental organization (NGO) involved. Pathologies vary in etiology (tuberculosis, poliomyelitis) and severity. Each mission requires the presence of an experienced surgeon. Working conditions are often rudimentary...
November 17, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862309/study-of-greek-children-and-youths-with-cystic-fibrosis-identifies-immunisation-gaps-and-delays
#11
Helena C Maltezou, Stavros Doudounakis, Maria Lekaditi, Kalliopi Tanou, Panos Katerelos, Maria Theodoridou
AIM: Data about immunisation rates in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients are scarce. We estimated the rates and timeliness of immunisations in CF patients aged 0.55-22 years. METHODS: We studied 122 subjects at a hospital in Greece in 2014. A standard questionnaire was used to collect data and parents' opinions about immunisations. RESULTS: The complete immunisation rates were 92.6% for diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis-inactivated poliomyelitis-Haemophilus influenzae (DTaP-IPV-Hib), 96...
November 10, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861118/estimated-effect-of-inactivated-poliovirus-vaccine-campaigns-nigeria-and-pakistan-january-2014-april-2016
#12
George Shirreff, Mufti Zubair Wadood, Rui Gama Vaz, Roland W Sutter, Nicholas C Grassly
In 2014, inactivated poliovirus vaccine (IPV) campaigns were implemented in Nigeria and Pakistan after clinical trials showed that IPV boosts intestinal immunity in children previously given oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV). We estimated the effect of these campaigns by using surveillance data collected during January 2014-April 2016. In Nigeria, campaigns with IPV and trivalent OPV (tOPV) substantially reduced the incidence of poliomyelitis caused by circulating serotype-2 vaccine-derived poliovirus (incidence rate ratio [IRR] 0...
February 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858886/fixator-assisted-tibial-lengthening-over-a-plate-in-a-patient-with-sequelae-of-poliomyelitis
#13
Haci Bayram Tosun, Sancar Serbest, Abuzer Uludag, Seyitali Gumustas, Suat Celik
There are many techniques for limb lengthening. Lengthening over a plate is an alternative choice of fixation in children or when nailing is difficult. We present a new technique for tibial lengthening with using a monolateral external fixator over a lengthening plate.Lengthening over an intramedullary nail is a commonly used method in patients with short stature or limb-length discrepancy. However, in patients with a narrow and excessively sclerotic intramedullary cavity in the pediatric age group where the skeletal system has not yet fully developed, difficulties have been observed in lengthening methods with nailing...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857503/comprehensive-review-of-challenges-associated-with-management-of-lower-limb-fractures-in-poliomyelitis-patients
#14
REVIEW
Mayank Gupta, Vijay Kumar Jain, Gaurav Kumar Upadhyaya, Rajendra Kumar Arya
Poliomyelitis is on the verge of eradication. But the survivors of polio are still living with its consequences in different parts of the world and so will continue to be seen for almost a century. Fractures in the polio-affected limb are a common entity in these patients and are difficult to manage using the common fracture management protocols. This article gives a comprehensive review of the challenges faced in fixation of fractures in polio affected limbs and possible solutions to overcome them. Knowledge of treating these fractures is important to a trauma surgeon as such scenarios are not uncommon in daily practice...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829642/reversible-motor-paralysis-and-early-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-advanced-heart-failure-receiving-left-ventricular-assist-device-therapy
#15
Rie Amao, Teruhiko Imamura, Yasuo Nakahara, Satoko Noguchi, Osamu Kinoshita, Haruo Yamauchi, Minoru Ono, Nobuhiko Haga
Advanced heart failure (HF) is sometimes complicated with brain impairment because of a microthrombosis caused by decreased left ventricular contraction or reduced brain circulation. Some patients may recover after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. However, little is known about the perioperative therapeutic strategy in patients suffering from such complications, particularly from a cardiac rehabilitation viewpoint. We report on a 58-year-old male patient with a previous history of poliomyelitis and a light paralysis in the left upper extremity, who suffered left hemiplegia with no evidence of stroke after hemodynamic deterioration...
November 9, 2016: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829289/experiences-of-attitudes-in-sierra-leone-from-the-perspective-of-people-with-poliomyelitis-and-amputations-using-orthotics-and-prosthetics
#16
Emmelie Andregård, Lina Magnusson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe experiences of attitudes in the society of Sierra Leone from the perspective of individuals with poliomyelitis and people with amputations using orthotic or prosthetic devices. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted using open-ended questions. Twelve participants with amputations or polio were included. Content analysis was applied to the data. RESULTS: The following six themes emerged during data analysis: Experience of negative attitudes; Neglected and respected by family; Traditional beliefs; The importance of assistive devices; People with disability struggle with poverty; and The need for governmental and international support...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812070/the-global-polio-eradication-initiative-gpei-in-pakistan
#17
Nighat Jahan Nadeem
The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) has significantly reduced the worldwide incidence of poliomyelitis. However, polio remains endemic in Pakistan which poses a threat to the success of the GPEI. Issues faced by Pakistan relate to politics, terrorism, war, natural disasters, funding constraints, misconceptions and inadequate infrastructure. These contribute in hampering the aims of the GPEI and allow the deadly poliovirus to maintain its reservoir in Pakistan. Until polio is completely eradicated, all countries remain at risk of its re-emergence and this is of grave concern as potentially it could reverse the polio-free certified status of a whole World Health Organisation (WHO) region...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811982/progress-towards-poliomyelitis-eradication-afghanistan-january-2015%C3%A2-august-2016
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Relevé épidémiologique Hebdomadaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811838/progress-toward-poliomyelitis-eradication-afghanistan-january-2015%C3%A2-august-2016
#19
Chukwuma Mbaeyi, Hemant Shukla, Philip Smith, Rudolf H Tangermann, Maureen Martinez, Jaume C Jorba, Stephen Hadler, Derek Ehrhardt
Only 74 cases of wild poliovirus (WPV) were reported globally in 2015, the lowest number of cases ever reported worldwide (1,2). All of the reported cases were WPV type 1 (WPV1), the only known WPV type still circulating; WPV type 2 has been eradicated, and WPV type 3 has not been detected since November 2012 (1). In 2015 in Afghanistan, WPV detection also declined from 2014, and trends observed in 2016 suggest that circulation of the virus is limited to a few localized areas. Despite the progress, there are concerns about the ability of the country's Polio Eradication Initiative (PEI) to meet the goal of interrupting endemic WPV transmission by the end of 2016 (3)...
November 4, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795480/poliovirus-study-in-the-endgame-of-the-polio-eradication-program
#20
Minetaro Arita
Since the start of Global Polio Eradication Initiative in 1988, poliomyelitis cases caused by wild poliovirus (PV) were drastically reduced to only 74 cases in 2 endemic countries in 2015. With established vaccine campaign, current limited PV transmission suggested the endgame of the polio eradication program. In the endgame, we have emerging challenges specific to the endgame; tight budget, switching of the vaccines, and changes in the biorisk management. To overcome these challenges, several projects of PV study attract attention in the eradication program...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
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