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dialectical behavioral

Tamika C B Zapolski, Gregory T Smith
A significant proportion of youth engage in health risk behaviors, which are of concern, as they are associated with adverse health consequences across development. Two factors associated with engagement in such behaviors are emotion dysregulation and impulsivity. Dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) is an effective intervention that enhances emotion regulation skills to reduce problem behaviors among adolescent populations; however, limited research has been conducted implementing the program within school settings...
October 14, 2016: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Eva Fassbinder, Ulrich Schweiger, Desiree Martius, Odette Brand-de Wilde, Arnoud Arntz
Schema therapy (ST) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) have both shown to be effective treatment methods especially for borderline personality disorder. Both, ST and DBT, have their roots in cognitive behavioral therapy and aim at helping patient to deal with emotional dysregulation. However, there are major differences in the terminology, explanatory models and techniques used in the both methods. This article gives an overview of the major therapeutic techniques used in ST and DBT with respect to emotion regulation and systematically puts them in the context of James Gross' process model of emotion regulation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Dean G Cruess, Kaylee E Burnham, David J Finitsis, Chauncey Cherry, Tamar Grebler, Brett M Goshe, Lauren Strainge, Moira O Kalichman, Seth C Kalichman
For almost two decades, researchers have explored the relationship between online partner seeking (OPS) and HIV/STI transmission risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM), including gay- and bisexual-identified men. A dichotomy has emerged with some findings that OPS is associated with greater sexual risk behavior, and a sparser but emerging literature that men may use OPS for sexual risk reduction. This study examined the association between proportion of partners met online and sexual risk behavior in a sample of 170 HIV-positive gay- and bisexual-identified men...
September 26, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Pierre Cole, Sebastien Weibel, Rosetta Nicastro, Roland Hasler, Alexandre Dayer, Jean-Michel Aubry, Paco Prada, Nader Perroud
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with marked impairments in familial, social, and professional functioning. Although stimulant treatments can be effective in adult ADHD, some patients will respond poorly or not at all to medication. Previous studies demonstrated that cognitive behavioural therapy- (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy- (DBT) oriented interventions are effective in reducing the burden of the disease, which is mainly marked by depression, interpersonal difficulties, low self-esteem, and low quality of life...
September 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
Gregory E Simon, Arne Beck, Rebecca Rossom, Julie Richards, Beth Kirlin, Deborah King, Lisa Shulman, Evette J Ludman, Robert Penfold, Susan M Shortreed, Ursula Whiteside
BACKGROUND: Suicide remains the 10th-ranked most frequent cause of death in the United States, accounting for over 40,000 deaths per year. Nonfatal suicide attempts lead to over 200,000 hospitalizations and 600,000 emergency department visits annually. Recent evidence indicates that responses to the commonly used Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ9) can identify outpatients who are at risk of suicide attempt and suicide death and that specific psychotherapy or Care Management programs can prevent suicide attempts in high-risk patients...
2016: Trials
Kelly E Moore, Johanna B Folk, Emily A Boren, June P Tangney, Sarah Fischer, Shannon W Schrader
Regulating emotions, refraining from impulsive, maladaptive behavior, and communicating effectively are considered primary treatment needs among jail inmates. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT; Linehan, 1993a) skills address these deficits and have been implemented in long-term correctional settings, but have yet to be adapted for general population inmates in short-term jail settings. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a DBT skills group in a jail setting, as well as its utility in improving coping skills and emotional/behavioral dysregulation...
September 12, 2016: Psychological Services
Lois W Choi-Kain, Elizabeth B Albert, John G Gunderson
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: After participating in this activity, learners should be better able to:• Evaluate evidence-based therapies for borderline personality disorder ABSTRACT: Several manualized psychotherapies for treating borderline personality disorder (BPD) have been validated in randomized, controlled trials. Most of these approaches are highly specialized, offering different formulation of BPD and different mechanisms by which recovery is made possible. Mental health clinicians are challenged by the degree of specialization and clinical resources that these approaches require in their empirically validated adherent forms...
September 2016: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
Sara J Landes, Samantha A Chalker, Katherine Anne Comtois
BACKGROUND: Rates of treatment dropout in outpatient Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) in the community can be as high as 24 % to 58 %, making dropout a great concern. The primary purpose of this article was to examine predictors of dropout from DBT in a community mental health setting. METHODS: Participants were 56 consumers with borderline personality disorder (BPD) who were psychiatrically disabled participating in a larger feasibility trial of Dialectical Behavior Therapy- Accepting the Challenges of Exiting the System...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Olga Kornienko, Carlos E Santos, Carol Lynn Martin, Kristen L Granger
During adolescence, gender identity (GI) develops through a dialectic process of personal reflection and with input from the social environment. Peers play an important role in the socialization of gendered behavior, but no studies to-date have assessed peer influences on GI. Thus, the goal of the present study was to examine peer influences on four aspects of adolescents' GI in racially and ethnically diverse 7th- and 8th-grade students (N = 670; 49.5% boys, M age = 12.64) using a longitudinal social network modeling approach...
October 2016: Developmental Psychology
David J Miklowitz
An individual can develop bipolar disorder at any age, but emergence during adolescence and young adulthood can lead to a number of problematic behaviors and outcomes. Several drugs are available as first-line treatments, but even optimal pharmacotherapy rarely leads to complete remission and recovery. When added to pharmacologic treatment, certain targeted psychosocial treatments can improve outcomes for young patients with bipolar disorder. Because bipolar disorder affects family members as well as patients, and because adolescents and young adults often live with and are dependent on their parents, the patient's family should usually be included in treatment...
2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Kishani Townshend, Zoe Jordan, Matthew Stephenson, Komla Tsey
BACKGROUND: The rationale for undertaking this review was to investigate a potential strategy to address the rising prevalence of child and adolescent mental health disorders. The central tenants of mindful parenting appear to be emotional awareness, emotional regulation, attention regulation, intentionality and non-judgmental acceptance. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to systematically evaluate the effectiveness of mindful parenting programs in promoting children's, adolescents' and parents' wellbeing, particularly in relation to the intensity of symptoms associated with internalizing (depression, anxiety, stress) and externalizing (conduct) disorders...
March 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Marcelle Barrueco Costa, Tamara Melnik
Eating disorders are psychiatric conditions originated from and perpetuated by individual, family and sociocultural factors. The psychosocial approach to treatment and prevention of relapse is crucial. To present an overview of the scientific evidence on effectiveness of psychosocial interventions in treatment of eating disorders. All systematic reviews published by the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Cochrane Library on the topic were included. Afterwards, as from the least recent date of these reviews (2001), an additional search was conducted at PubMed with sensitive search strategy and with the same keywords used...
April 2016: Einstein
Andrada D Neacsiu, Mathew A Tkachuck
BACKGROUND: Emotion dysregulation is a critical transdiagnostic mental health problem that needs to be further examined in personality disorders (PDs). The current study examined dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills use, emotion dysregulation, and dysfunctional coping among adults who endorsed symptoms of cluster B PDs and psychopathy. We hypothesized that skills taught in DBT and emotion dysregulation are useful for adults with PDs other than borderline personality disorder (BPD)...
2016: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Todd M Bishop, Stephen A Maisto, Peter C Britton, Wilfred R Pigeon
BACKGROUND: A greater understanding of the temporal variation of suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior is needed to inform more effective prevention efforts. Interactive voice recording (IVR) allows for the study of temporal relationships that cannot be captured with most traditional methodologies. AIMS: To examine the feasibility of implementing IVR for the assessment of suicidal ideation. METHOD: Participants (n = 4) receiving a brief intervention based on dialectical behavior therapy were asked to respond to three phone-based surveys each day over 6 weeks that assessed suicidal ideation and alcohol consumption...
July 22, 2016: Crisis
James Burridge, Steven Kenney
The songs and calls of many bird species, like human speech, form distinct regional dialects. We suggest that the process of dialect formation is analogous to the physical process of magnetic domain formation. We take the coastal breeding grounds of the Puget Sound white crowned sparrow as an example. Previous field studies suggest that birds of this species learn multiple songs early in life, and when establishing a territory for the first time, retain one of these dialects in order to match the majority of their neighbors...
June 2016: Physical Review. E
Robert L Goldstone, Gary Lupyan
The very expertise with which psychologists wield their tools for achieving laboratory control may have had the unwelcome effect of blinding psychologists to the possibilities of discovering principles of behavior without conducting experiments. When creatively interrogated, a diverse range of large, real-world data sets provides powerful diagnostic tools for revealing principles of human judgment, perception, categorization, decision-making, language use, inference, problem solving, and representation. Examples of these data sets include patterns of website links, dictionaries, logs of group interactions, collections of images and image tags, text corpora, history of financial transactions, trends in twitter tag usage and propagation, patents, consumer product sales, performance in high-stakes sporting events, dialect maps, and scientific citations...
July 2016: Topics in Cognitive Science
Dorothee Bernheim, Mathias Becker, Manuela Gander, Alexander Lischke, Renate Mentel, Anna Buchheim, Harald J Freyberger
Objective: Investigate influence and change of self-directedness (SD) in Dialectical-Behavior Therapy (DBT) for 26 female outpatients with borderline personality disorder (BPS). Method: Variance analyses are used to evaluate psychopathology and interpersonal problems in 2 subgroups (low vs. high SD) with questionnaires at 3 measuring times over the period of 1 year. Results: Low SD was associated with higher psychopathology, more interpersonal problems and lower symptomreduction. Over time of intervention the SD of all patients improved significantly...
July 11, 2016: Psychiatrische Praxis
Nikolaus Kleindienst, Kathlen Priebe, Nora Görg, Anne Dyer, Regina Steil, Lisa Lyssenko, Dorina Winter, Christian Schmahl, Martin Bohus
BACKGROUND: Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are prone to dissociation, which in theory should interfere with successful treatment. However, most empirical studies do not substantiate this assumption. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to test whether state dissociation predicts the success of an adaptation of dialectical behavior therapy designed for the treatment of patients with PTSD after childhood sexual abuse (CSA) (DBT-PTSD). We further explored whether the operationalization of dissociation as state versus trait dissociation made a difference with respect to prediction of improvement...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Michael Armbrust, Christian Ehrig
The emotionally instable personality disorder, mostly called borderline disorder, shows central abnormalities in impulse control as well as instability of mood and identity. It is composed of behaviour problems in creating relationships and in self-management, first of all by high psychophysiological tension. The prevalence of this disorder is 10 % in outpatients and 20 % in inpatients and has therefore high relevance for the medical-psychotherapeutic care system. The treatment is deemed to be complex and interminable...
July 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
D Bailly
OBJECTIVE: To review the options for psychosocial interventions in pediatric bipolar disorders. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review of randomized clinical trials and open-label studies was conducted. RESULTS: Randomized controlled trials show that psychosocial interventions involving families (i.e. family-focused treatment) or individual and family therapy (i.e. multi- or individual-family psychoeducational psychotherapy, child- and family-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy) may be effective through added benefit to pharmacotherapy...
June 28, 2016: L'Encéphale
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