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international journal of childbirth

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587290/which-method-is-best-for-the-induction-of-labour-a-systematic-review-network-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#1
Zarko Alfirevic, Edna Keeney, Therese Dowswell, Nicky J Welton, Nancy Medley, Sofia Dias, Leanne V Jones, Gillian Gyte, Deborah M Caldwell
BACKGROUND: More than 150,000 pregnant women in England and Wales have their labour induced each year. Multiple pharmacological, mechanical and complementary methods are available to induce labour. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of labour induction methods and, data permitting, effects in different clinical subgroups. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review using Cochrane methods. The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register was searched (March 2014)...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525577/assessing-the-performance-of-maternity-care-in-europe-a-critical-exploration-of-tools-and-indicators
#2
REVIEW
Ramón Escuriet, Joanna White, Katrien Beeckman, Lucy Frith, Fatima Leon-Larios, Christine Loytved, Ans Luyben, Marlene Sinclair, Edwin van Teijlingen
BACKGROUND: This paper critically reviews published tools and indicators currently used to measure maternity care performance within Europe, focusing particularly on whether and how current approaches enable systematic appraisal of processes of minimal (or non-) intervention in support of physiological or "normal birth". The work formed part of COST Actions IS0907: "Childbirth Cultures, Concerns, and Consequences: Creating a dynamic EU framework for optimal maternity care" (2011-2014) and IS1405: Building Intrapartum Research Through Health - an interdisciplinary whole system approach to understanding and contextualising physiological labour and birth (BIRTH) (2014-)...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26279276/treatments-for-breast-abscesses-in-breastfeeding-women
#3
REVIEW
Hayley Irusen, Anke C Rohwer, D Wilhelm Steyn, Taryn Young
BACKGROUND: The benefits of breastfeeding are well known, and the World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and continuing breastfeeding to age two. However, many women stop breastfeeding due to lactational breast abscesses. A breast abscess is a localised accumulation of infected fluid in breast tissue. Abscesses are commonly treated with antibiotics, incision and drainage (I&D) or ultrasound-guided needle aspiration, but there is no consensus on the optimal treatment...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26081494/the-true-cost-of-maternal-death-individual-tragedy-impacts-family-community-and-nations
#4
Suellen Miller, José M Belizán
The death of a woman in pregnancy and childbirth is globally considered an individual tragedy and a human rights violation. Given the inequities in death that occur to marginalized, poor, and vulnerable women in low and middle income countries, there is no doubt that maternal death is a horrific injustice. However, the long term global burden of disease goes far beyond this tragedy. Recent research is demonstrating that there are disastrous consequences in infant and child mortality, loss of economic opportunities, spiraling cycles of poverty in the families and communities where women die giving birth...
2015: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25656228/labour-induction-with-prostaglandins-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Zarko Alfirevic, Edna Keeney, Therese Dowswell, Nicky J Welton, Sofia Dias, Leanne V Jones, Kate Navaratnam, Deborah M Caldwell
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of prostaglandins used for labour induction. DESIGN: Systematic review with Bayesian network meta-analysis DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Database of Trials (which incorporates the results of a broad generic search for all pregnancy and postpartum trials). Sources included are CENTRAL, Medline, Embase, NHS Economic Evaluation Database, CINAHL, relevant journals, conference proceedings, and registries of ongoing trials...
February 5, 2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25411538/healthy-birth-practice-2-walk-move-around-and-change-positions-throughout-labor
#6
Michele Ondeck
In the United States, obstetric care is intervention intensive, resulting in 1 in 3 women undergoing cesarean surgery wherein mobility is treated as an intervention rather than supporting the natural physiologic process for optimal birth. Women who use upright positions and are mobile during labor have shorter labors, receive less intervention, report less severe pain, and describe more satisfaction with their childbirth experience than women in recumbent positions. This article is an updated evidence-based review of the "Lamaze International Care Practices That Promote Normal Birth, Care Practice #2: Freedom of Movement Throughout Labor," published in The Journal of Perinatal Education, 16(3), 2007...
2014: Journal of Perinatal Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24839379/what-to-teach
#7
Wendy C Budin
In this column, the editor of The Journal of Perinatal Education discusses why Lamaze International conducts a comprehensive job analysis of what childbirth educators are teaching and their beliefs of what is important for pregnant women and their partners to learn. The editor also describes the contents of this issue, which offer a broad range of resources, research, and inspiration for childbirth educators in their efforts to promote, support, and protect natural, safe, and healthy birth.
2014: Journal of Perinatal Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24474084/interventions-for-promoting-the-initiation-of-breastfeeding
#8
COMMENT
Rubens Feferbaum
BACKGROUND: Despite the widely documented health advantages of breastfeeding over formula feeding, initiation rates remain relatively low in many high-income countries, particularly among women in lower income groups. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions which aim to encourage women to breastfeed in terms of changes in the number of women who start to breastfeed. METHODS: HASH(0x3d07840) SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (July 2007), handsearched the Journal of Human Lactation, Health Promotion International and Health Education Quarterly from inception to 15 August 2007, and scanned reference lists of all articles obtained...
2014: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23074481/portable-bladder-ultrasound-an-evidence-based-analysis
#9
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to assess the clinical utility of portable bladder ultrasound. CLINICAL NEED: TARGET POPULATION AND CONDITION Data from the National Population Health Survey indicate prevalence rates of urinary incontinence are 2.5% in women and 1.4 % in men in the general population. Prevalence of urinary incontinence is higher in women than men and prevalence increases with age. Identified risk factors for urinary incontinence include female gender, increasing age, urinary tract infections (UTI), poor mobility, dementia, smoking, obesity, consuming alcohol and caffeine beverages, physical activity, pregnancy, childbirth, forceps and vacuum-assisted births, episiotomy, abdominal resection for colorectal cancer, and hormone replacement therapy...
2006: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22592730/chinese-herbal-medicines-for-threatened-miscarriage
#10
REVIEW
Lu Li, Lixia Dou, Ping Chung Leung, Chi Chiu Wang
BACKGROUND: Threatened miscarriage occurs in 10% to 15% of all pregnancies. Vaginal spotting or bleeding during early gestation is common, with nearly half of those pregnancies resulting in pregnancy loss. To date, there is no effective preventive treatment for threatened miscarriage. Chinese herbal medicines have been widely used in Asian countries for centuries and have become a popular alternative to Western medicines in recent years. Many studies claim to show that they can prevent miscarriage...
2012: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21170179/making-a-difference-with-evidence
#11
Wendy C Budin
In this column, the editor of The Journal of Perinatal Education describes how, despite the many challenges confronting childbirth educators today in our complex health-care environment, there is still a ray of hope that committed individuals translating evidence into practice can make a difference. The editor also describes the contents of this special issue, which celebrates the 50th anniversary of Lamaze International and offers a broad range of resources, research, and inspiration for childbirth educators in their efforts to promote natural, safe, and healthy birth...
2010: Journal of Perinatal Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19936112/creating-community
#12
Wendy C Budin
In this column, the editor of The Journal of Perinatal Education describes ways that Lamaze International is helping to create a community for those who share a common interest in promoting, supporting, and protecting natural, safe, and healthy childbirth. The editor also describes the contents of this issue, which offer a broad range of resources, research, and inspiration for childbirth educators in their efforts to promote normal birth.
2009: Journal of Perinatal Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18294639/withdrawn-guest-editorial-is-childbirth-in-the-uk-really-mother-centred
#13
Jim C Dornan
The publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in the International Journal of Nursing Studies, volume 45 (2008) 809-811, doi:10.1016/S0020-7489(08)00107-7. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn.
February 21, 2008: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17768430/a-challenging-time-in-the-history-of-lamaze-international-an-interview-with-francine-nichols
#14
Elaine Zwelling
Dr. Francine Nichols-President of Lamaze International from 1988 to 1991 (when the organization was known as "the American Society for Psychoprophylaxis in Obstetrics" or "ASPO/Lamaze") and the founding editor of The Journal of Perinatal Education in 1990-is a woman with many skills that have contributed to her success throughout her career. Dr. Nichols is a knowledgeable leader in maternal-newborn nursing, a respected nurse and childbirth educator, a researcher, and an author. However, these skills were not the abilities she relied upon the most to lead the Lamaze organization through a challenging period in the 1980s; rather, Dr...
2006: Journal of Perinatal Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17636830/interventions-in-the-workplace-to-support-breastfeeding-for-women-in-employment
#15
REVIEW
O A Abdulwadud, M E Snow
BACKGROUND: In recent years there has been a rise in the participation rate of women in employment. Some may become pregnant while in employment and subsequently deliver their babies. Most may decide to return early to work after giving birth for various reasons. Unless these mothers get support from their employers and fellow employees, they might give up breastfeeding when they return to work. As a result, the duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding to the recommended age of the babies would be affected...
2007: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17273418/the-journey-of-an-early-lamaze-childbirth-educator
#16
Lorraine Kushner
The author, who accomplished the majority of her work as a childbirth educator while based in Tampa, Florida, journals the experience of being an early pioneer in promoting Lamaze childbirth in the United States, beginning in the 1960s. Many aspects of her story are common to the stories of other childbirth educators who also pioneered the childbirth movement in the United States during the same time frame. This history is presented for its potential usefulness to those who continue to work to advance the Lamaze International goal of promoting normal birth...
2005: Journal of Perinatal Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15846621/interventions-for-promoting-the-initiation-of-breastfeeding
#17
REVIEW
L Dyson, F McCormick, M J Renfrew
BACKGROUND: Despite the widely documented health benefits of breastfeeding, initiation rates remain relatively low in many high-income countries, particularly among women in lower income groups. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions which aim to encourage women to breastfeed in terms of changes in the number of women who start to breastfeed. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group trials register (30 May 2004), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library, Issue 1, 2003) and the following databases from inception to October 2002: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ERIC, Applied Social Sciences, PsychLIT, EMBASE, British Nursing Index, BIDS, EPI-centre...
2005: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11733454/determinants-of-smoking-and-cessation-during-and-after-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
Y Lu, S Tong, B Oldenburg
Smoking during pregnancy is harmful to both the foetus and the woman herself. However, in spite of educational efforts, a substantial proportion of pregnant women continue to smoke and many women who do stop smoking during pregnancy resume smoking following childbirth. To foster successful maternal smoking cessation, public health professionals need to focus on the major determinants of smoking and cessation during and after pregnancy, and then to address these with their intervention efforts. It is important to review contemporary epidemiological evidence on this significant public health issue...
December 2001: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11251720/male-appropriation-and-medicalization-of-childbirth-an-historical-analysis
#19
H A Cahill
AIMS OF THE PAPER: This paper aims to explore through historical analysis some of the means by which medicine successfully appropriated and medicalized pregnancy and childbirth and to consider the impact that this has had on women's experiences within maternity care. BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: The appropriation and medicalization of pregnancy and childbirth by men are rooted in a patriarchal model that has been centuries in the making. A model that perceives women as essentially abnormal, as victims of their reproductive systems and hormones, it is also one that defines pregnancy as inherently pathological - a clinical crisis worthy of active intervention...
February 2001: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9089556/pieter-van-keep-memorial-lecture-menopause-a-modern-perspective-from-a-controversial-history
#20
W H Utian
The major milestones in the history of menopause provide a fascinating background to understanding current attitudes and prognosticating future trends in the perception and management of this event through which all women will inevitably pass. 'Menopause' is a word of multiple meanings. Once the subject of taboo; now almost in danger of overexposure. Once neglected, now recognized by multiple groups as the entry to a 'market'. The result is a new level of confusion and even exploitation in the minds of the health profession and the public alike...
March 1997: Maturitas
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