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Video-assisted thoracic surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088956/-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-the-pacu-for-immediate-postoperative-pain-relief-after-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#1
F Liu, J Zhang, H K Zhang, Y Q Zhao, P Liang, Y X Zuo
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of the thoracic paravertebral block(TPVB) in the post postanesthesia care unit(PACU) for patients suffered moderate to severe pain after Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery(VATS). Methods: 78 atients who complained moderate to severe pain on arrival to PACU after VATS were randomly assigned into two groups: thoracic paravertebral block treatment group(P group) and sufentanil treatment group(S group). The VAS Pain score at rest and movement, heart rate, blood pressure, and pulse oximetry 1 hour after treatment and duration of patients staying in the PACU after treatment were recorded...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081314/cryptogenic-organizing-pneumonia-clinical-and-radiological-features-treatment-outcomes-of-17-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Elif Yelda Niksarlıoğlu, Gülcihan Zehra Özkan, Nur Dilek Bakan, Sibel Yurt, Lütfiye Kılıç, Güngör Çamsarı
BACKGROUND/AIM: We evaluated patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) who attended our clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the clinical and radiological findings, diagnostic methods, treatment, and follow-up outcomes of 17 patients who had been histopathologically diagnosed with COP. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 49.8 ± 10.4 years. The most common symptom was cough (n = 15; 88.2%) and the most common radiological finding (n = 10) was consolidation in the inferior lobes on thoracic computed tomography...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079597/histologic-findings-of-severe-therapy-resistant-asthma-from-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-biopsies
#3
Humberto E Trejo Bittar, Daniel Doberer, Mitra Mehrad, Diane C Strollo, Joseph K Leader, Sally Wenzel, Samuel A Yousem
The histologic changes occurring in severe/therapy-resistant asthma (SA) as defined by the European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society guidelines, particularly at the level of the distal airways are unknown. This study describes the clinical, radiologic, and histologic characteristics of 29 SA patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lung biopsy. Pathologic observations were correlated with clinical features, especially the presence of autoimmune disease (AID) (15/29, 51.7%). Ten biopsies (10/29, 34...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066676/image-guided-localization-of-small-lung-nodules-in-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#4
REVIEW
Ze-Rui Zhao, Rainbow W H Lau, Peter S Y Yu, Randolph H L Wong, Calvin S H Ng
The advancement of imaging technology has recently facilitated single port minimally-invasive thoracic surgery techniques. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) shows promising results in visualizing the target lesion and its surrounding critical anatomy, with an error of less than 2 mm. The integration of CBCT with the operating room (OR) to form the hybrid OR, provides unparalleled real-time imaging of the patient, which can be used with electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy to confirm successful navigation and increase procedural accuracy particularly for small peripheral pulmonary targets...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059973/long-term-survival-based-on-the-surgical-approach-to-lobectomy-for-clinical-stage-i-nonsmall-cell-lung-cancer-comparison-of-robotic-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-and-thoracotomy-lobectomy
#5
Hao-Xian Yang, Kaitlin M Woo, Camelia S Sima, Manjit S Bains, Prasad S Adusumilli, James Huang, David J Finley, Nabil P Rizk, Valerie W Rusch, David R Jones, Bernard J Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term outcomes among robotic, video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS), and open lobectomy in stage I nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). BACKGROUND: Survival comparisons between robotic, VATS, and open lobectomy in NSCLC have not yet been reported. Some studies have suggested that survival after VATS is superior, for unclear reasons. METHODS: Three cohorts (robotic, VATS, and open) of clinical stage I NSCLC patients were matched by propensity score and compared to assess overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS)...
February 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043480/the-integrated-comprehensive-care-program-a-novel-home-care-initiative-after-major-thoracic-surgery
#6
Yaron Shargall, Wael C Hanna, Laura Schneider, Colin Schieman, Christian J Finley, Anna Tran, Shantel Demay, Carolyn Gosse, James M Bowen, Gord Blackhouse, Kevin Smith
The objective of the study was to evaluate the Integrated Comprehensive Care (ICC) program, a novel health system integration initiative that coordinates home care and hospital-based clinical services for patients undergoing major thoracic surgery relative to traditional home care delivery. Methods included a pilot retrospective cohort analysis that compared the intervention cohort (ICC), composed of all patients undergoing major thoracic surgery in the 2012-2013 fiscal year with a control cohort, who underwent surgery in the year before the initiation of ICC...
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041689/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-and-anatomical-lung-resections-where-do-we-stand-national-survey-by-the-spanish-society-of-thoracic-surgery
#7
Raul Embun, Néstor Martínez Hernández, Sergi Call, Beatriz de Olaiz Navarro, Jon Zabaleta, Ricard Ramos, Jose Galbis, Nicolás Moreno
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this survey is to find out the cumulated experience and the current situation of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for anatomical lung resections in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study performed from two independent surveys designed through the Survey Monkey(®) web platform. The first survey was aimed at 53 thoracic surgery departments from the public and state-assisted national health system. The second survey, of a personal nature, was directed at 315 thoracic surgeons in active service, including physicians at their residency program...
December 29, 2016: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040756/current-practices-in-the-management-of-malignant-pleural-effusions-a-survey-among-members-of-the-european-society-of-thoracic-surgeons
#8
Marco Scarci, Edward Caruana, Luca Bertolaccini, Benedetta Bedetti, Alessandro Brunelli, Gonzalo Varela, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, Jaroslaw Kuzdzal, Gilbert Massard, Enrico Ruffini, Pierre Emmanuel Falcoz, Isabelle Opitz, Hasan Batirel, Alper Toker, Gaetano Rocco
OBJECTIVES: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) commonly complicates advanced malignancy and their exact management is still undefined. We undertook a survey to determine the current practice among members of the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey focused on the current practice of management of MPE was developed by the authors. The questions were outlined after a review of the literature and circulated in an Internet-based survey format...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009427/first-italian-consensus-conference-on-vats-lobectomy-for-nsclc
#9
Mario Nosotti, Andrea Droghetti, Luca Luzzi, Piergiorgio Solli, Roberto Crisci
PURPOSE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy has become an accepted procedure for the treatment of selected cases of lung cancer. The aim of this project was to establish national practical recommendations for the management of patients suitable for VATS lobectomy. METHODS: The Scientific Committee of the VATS Lobectomy Group (a branch of the Italian Society of Thoracic Surgery) identified the consensus conference as an appropriate tool for a national debate...
December 19, 2016: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008900/-re-operations-in-thoracic-surgery
#10
Amn Kurbonov, F I Makhmadov, K R Nazirboev
AIM: To optimize the outcomes of reoperations for postoperative complications in patients with thoracic diseases and injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 1258 patients with different thoracic diseases and injuries. Postoperatively 58 (4.6%) patients underwent re-thoracotomy and 15 (1.1%) patients - video-assisted interventions for any complications. Indications for re-operations were intrapleural bleeding, bronchial stump failure, esophagogastrostomy insufficiency, prolonged air leak through the drains due to unsealed lung parenchyma, clotted hemothorax...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007874/new-tubeless-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-small-pulmonary-nodules
#11
Shuben Li, Long Jiang, Keng-Leong Ang, Hanzhang Chen, Qinglong Dong, Hanyu Yang, Jingpei Li, Jianxing He
OBJECTIVE: Problems associated with intubation, chest drainage and urinary catheterization can have a negative impact on patient's recovery after thoracic surgery. We therefore evaluated the feasibility of a new tubeless (spontaneous ventilation without tracheal intubation, urinary catheterization, and no post-operative chest drain placement) approach to perform video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for small pulmonary nodules (SPN) less than 2cm in diameter. METHODS: From 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2014, 34 patients with SPNs were treated using tubeless VATS in our centre...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000203/comparison-of-continuous-epidural-block-and-continuous-paravertebral-block-in-postoperative-analgaesia-after-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-lobectomy-a-randomised-non-inferiority-trial
#12
Sylweriusz Kosiński, Edward Fryźlewicz, Michał Wiłkojć, Adam Ćmiel, Marcin Zieliński
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted (VATS) lung lobectomy can be associated with stronger postoperative pain than is commonly believed. It is generally accepted to introduce multimodal analgaesic strategies based on regional blockade, opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. However, there is still no consensus regarding the optimal regional technique. The aim of this study was to compare the analgaesic efficacy of continuous thoracic epidural block (TEA) and percutaneous continuous paravertebral block (PVB) in patients undergoing video-assisted lung lobectomy...
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999784/a-patient-with-situs-inversus-totalis-and-lung-cancer-a-rare-combination
#13
Konstantinos Grapatsas, Anastasios Piyis, Konstantinos Neofotistos, Zoi Tsilogianni, Paul Zarogoulidis, Dimitrios Paliouras, Apostolos Gogakos, Nikolaos Barbetakis, John Organtzis, Ioannis Kioumis, Konstantinos Porpodis, Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt, Ilias Karapantzos, Chrysa Karapantzou, Kosmas Tsakiridis, Aggeliki Rapti, Charalampos Charalampidis, Konstantinos Kaselouris
Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a rare clinical entity which is characterized by a complete reverse anatomy of the thoracic cage and abdomen. There are a few reports of patients with SIT and lung cancer. The number of the cases that have been treated surgically is also very small. We report a case of an 80 years old patient who underwent left lower lobectomy after staging with uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and mediastinoscopy.
November 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988923/progressive-multifocal-micronodular-pneumocyte-hyperplasia-in-the-lungs-of-a-patient-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-a-case-report
#14
Tetsuya Urano, Naoki Hayama, Jun Tanaka, Yukihiro Horio, Masako Sato, Shigeaki Hattori, Genki Takahashi, Fuminari Takahashi, Tomoe Takeuchi, Kazuki Harada, Hiroto Takiguchi, Hiromi Tomomatsu, Katsuyoshi Tomomatsu, Takahisa Takihara, Kyoko Niimi, Tsuyoshi Oguma, Takuya Aoki, Go Ogura, Naoya Nakamura, Koichiro Asano
We report a case of multifocal micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia (MMPH) in a patient with tuberous sclerosis complex, in whom the lung nodules increased in the number and size over the course of 8 years. We diagnosed MMPH following a lung biopsy performed during video-assisted thoracic surgery. In most of the previously reported cases, the number and size of lung nodules is unchanged during the clinical course. Our case is the first report of progressive disease in pathologically proven MMPH.
December 20, 2016: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984383/hippocrates-quoted-if-an-empyema-does-not-rupture-death-will-occur-is-medical-thoracoscopy-able-to-make-it-rupture-safely
#15
Georgia Hardavella, Nikolaos A Papakonstantinou, Ioannis Karampinis, Gerasimos Papavasileiou, Shereen Ajab, Mohammed Shafaat, Stavros Malagaris, Nikolaos Anastasiou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of medical thoracoscopy through a single port [single-port medical thoracoscopy (S-MT)] for the treatment of empyema thoracis in its early stages. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis reviewing the medical records of 84 patients referred for empyema and treated by medical thoracoscopy at our Thoracic Departments from January 2001 until November 2014. S-MT was performed under local anesthesia with neuroleptoanalgesia and spontaneous breathing using a single 1-cm incision for debridement and lavage of the pleural cavity...
January 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979469/review-of-primary-extra-adrenal-myelolipoma-of-the-thorax
#16
REVIEW
Cheng Shen, Kun Zhou, Yutian Lai, Jun Fan, Lunxu Liu, Guowei Che
Extra-adrenal myelolipoma happens in adrenal glands, and the thoracic location is extremely unusual. This is the first study involving 36 of patients with thoracic myelolipoma of English literature by investigating the clinical data, pathologic findings, radiological manifestation, and treatment strategy of all patients. Imageologic diagnosis including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans is useful to identify the feature of extra-adrenal myelolipoma...
January 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955681/prospective-evaluation-of-biodegradable-polymeric-sealant-for-intraoperative-air-leaks
#17
Bernard J Park, John M Snider, Nathan R Bates, Stephen D Cassivi, G Kimble Jett, Joshua R Sonett, Eric M Toloza
BACKGROUND: A biodegradable polymeric sealant has been previously shown to reduce postoperative air leaks after open pulmonary resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate safety and efficacy during minimally invasive pulmonary resection. METHODS: In a multicenter prospective single-arm trial, 112 patients with a median age of 69 years (range 34-87 years) were treated with sealant for at least one intraoperative air leak after standard methods of repair (sutures, staples or cautery) following minimally invasive pulmonary resection (Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS) or Robotic-Assisted)...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942946/a-lateral-costal-artery-complicating-video-assisted-thorascopic-surgery-vats-pleurectomy
#18
Jeremy L C Smelt, Levon Toufektzian, John Pilling, Tom Routledge
The lateral costal artery is a rare variant arising from the internal thoracic artery (ITA). It has been associated with steel syndrome after coronary artery bypass using the ITA as a conduit. Clinically, it is under-reported in the literature. We report the presence of a prominent lateral costal artery, coursing below the diaphragm, discovered during video-assisted thorascopic surgery pneumothorax surgery and preventing parietal pleurectomy.
December 9, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939010/addition-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-to-the-treatment-of-flail-chest
#19
Judith P M Schots, Yvonne L J Vissers, Karel W E Hulsewé, Berend Meesters, Paul A Hustinx, Annette Pijnenburg, Jan Siebenga, Erik R de Loos
BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is increasingly used in chest trauma for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. In this report we describe our single-institutional experience with VATS in the surgical treatment of patients with flail chest after high-energy trauma. METHODS: From January 2013 to July 2014, 15 patients with flail chest after high-energy trauma were treated in our hospital. The Injury Severity Score (ISS) ranged from 16 to 44...
December 7, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938908/establishing-a-dedicated-general-thoracic-surgery-subspecialty-program-improves-lung-cancer-outcomes
#20
Mitchell J Magee, Morley A Herbert, Lynn Tumey, Syma L Prince
BACKGROUND: Various factors may influence outcomes after lobectomy for lung cancer. Postgraduate subspecialty training in general thoracic surgery with a focus on minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and thoracic oncology was completed by an established cardiothoracic surgeon on the hospital staff in July 2007, and principles emphasized in that training were incorporated into practice through formation of a subspecialty program. We hypothesized that establishing a dedicated general thoracic surgeon-lead subspecialty program, with focus on MIS and thoracic oncology, would improve short-term and long-term outcomes...
December 8, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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