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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935088/shifts-in-the-distribution-of-ixodid-ticks-parasitizing-cattle-in-zimbabwe
#1
M Sungirai, E N Abatih, D Z Moyo, P De Clercq, M Madder
In an attempt to update information on the ecological distribution of ixodid ticks (Ixodida: Ixodidae) in Zimbabwe, a cross-sectional survey was carried out between September 2013 and May 2015 at 322 dip tanks. A total of 15 tick species were collected, namely: Amblyomma hebraeum Koch (65.2%, n = 210/322), Amblyomma variegatum Fabricius (14.9%, n = 48/322), Hyalomma rufipes Koch (62.4%, n = 201/322), Hyalomma truncatum Koch (37.9%, n = 122/322), Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann (60.6%, n = 195/322), Rhipicephalus compositus Neumann (0...
December 9, 2016: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929279/pet-related-infections
#2
Michael J Day
Physicians and veterinarians have many opportunities to partner in promoting the well-being of people and their pets, especially by addressing zoonotic diseases that may be transmitted between a pet and a human family member. Common cutaneous pet-acquired zoonoses are dermatophytosis (ringworm) and sarcoptic mange (scabies), which are both readily treated. Toxoplasmosis can be acquired from exposure to cat feces, but appropriate hygienic measures can minimize the risk to pregnant women. Persons who work with animals are at increased risk of acquiring bartonellosis (e...
November 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929218/emerging-vector-borne-diseases
#3
Mark K Huntington, Jay Allison, Dilip Nair
Several mosquito-borne viral infections have recently emerged in North America; West Nile virus is the most common in the United States. Although West Nile virus generally causes a self-limited, flulike febrile illness, a serious neuroinvasive form may occur. Dengue is the most common vector-borne viral disease worldwide, and it has been a significant public health threat in the United States since 2009. Known as breakbone fever for its severe myalgias and arthralgias, dengue may cause a hemorrhagic syndrome...
October 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928088/comparison-of-babesia-microti-real-time-polymerase-chain-reaction-assays-for-confirmatory-diagnosis-of-babesiosis
#4
Samaly S Souza, Henry S Bishop, Patrick Sprinkle, Yvonne Qvarnstrom
Babesiosis is an emerging tick-borne disease caused by apicomplexan parasites of the genus Babesia Most human infections in the United States are caused by Babesia microti, but other infection-causing Babesia parasites have been documented as well. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods can be used to identify this parasite to the species level. In this study, published real-time PCR assays for the specific detection of B. microti were evaluated against conventional PCR for their analytical performance...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928083/family-cluster-analysis-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-infection-in-korea
#5
Jeong Rae Yoo, Sang Taek Heo, Dahee Park, Hyemin Kim, Aiko Fukuma, Shuetsu Fukushi, Masayuki Shimojima, Keun Hwa Lee
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is tick-borne viral disease that was first suspected in China in 2009. The causative virus (SFTSV) was isolated in 2009 and reported in 2011, and SFTSV expanded its geographic distribution in 2012-2013, from China to South Korea and Japan. Most SFTSV infections occur through Haemaphysalis longicornis However, SFTSV infection can also occur between family members, and nosocomial transmission of SFTSV is also possible through close contact with a patient. In this study, we first analyzed clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory data for SFTS patients and family members of an index patient in Korea...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927924/inadequate-differentiation-of-theileria-orientalis-genotypes-buffeli-and-ikeda-in-an-mt-pcr-assay-using-the-p23-gene-as-a-marker
#6
Hagos Gebrekidan, Robin B Gasser, Abdul Jabbar
Oriental theileriosis is a tick-borne disease of bovids, caused by haemoprotozoan parasites within the Theileria orientalis complex.….
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925061/molecular-detection-of-anaplasma-species-in-dogs-in-colombia
#7
Giovanni Vargas-Hernandez, Marcos Rogério André, Diana Maria Cendales, Keyla Carstens Marques de Sousa, Luiz Ricardo Gonçalves, Mariana Cristina Hoeppner Rondelli, Rosangela Zacarias Machado, Mirela Tinucci-Costa
Anaplasma platys and A. phagocytophilum are tick-borne pathogens that parasitize platelets and neutrophils, respectively, of humans and animals. The former is the etiological agent of canine cyclic thrombocytopenia, while the latter is that of canine granulocytic anaplasmosis. This work involved the detection and identification of Anaplasma species in blood samples from dogs in Colombia, using molecular techniques. Between December 2008 and April 2009, blood samples were drawn from the cephalic vein of 91 dogs in the central-western region of Colombia (cities of Bogota, Villavicencio and Bucaramanga) and stored in tubes containing EDTA...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923669/emergence-of-tick-borne-pathogens-borrelia-burgdorferi-sensu-lato-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-ricketsia-raoultii-and-babesia-microti-in-the-kyiv-urban-parks-ukraine
#8
Yuliya M Didyk, Lucia Blaňárová, Svyatoslav Pogrebnyak, Igor Akimov, Branislav Peťko, Bronislava Víchová
To date, only limited data about the presence of ticks and circulation of tick-borne pathogens in urban parks of Kyiv in northern Ukraine are available. In total, 767 ticks (696 Ixodes ricinus and 69 Dermacentor reticulatus) collected in seven urban parks and one suburban oak wood park in Kyiv were individually analyzed by the PCR assays. Tick-borne pathogens, namely spirochetes from Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and Babesia microti, were detected in 11.1% of tested I. ricinus ticks...
October 11, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922802/urban-breeding-corvids-as-disseminators-of-ticks-and-emerging-tick-borne-pathogens
#9
Attila D Sándor, Zsuzsa Kalmár, Ioana Matei, Angela Monica Ionică, Ioan-Daniel Mărcuţan
Crows (Corvidae) are common city dwellers worldwide and are increasingly important subjects of epidemiology studies. Although their importance as hosts and transmitters of a number of zoonotic parasites and pathogens is well known, there are no studies on their importance as tick hosts. After mosquitoes, ticks are the most important vectors of zoonotic pathogens, especially for those causing emerging zoonotic diseases. Pathogenic bacteria, especially Borrelia spp., Rickettsia spp., and Anaplasma spp., vectored by ticks, are the cause for most vector-borne diseases in Europe...
December 6, 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918952/evaluation-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-concentration-in-patients-with-tick-borne-encephalitis-neuroborreliosis-anaplasmosis-and-anaplasma-phagocythophilum-with-tick-borne-encephalitis-virus-co-infection
#10
Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska, Piotr Czupryna, Justyna Dunaj, Renata Swierzbinska, Katarzyna Guziejko, Ryszard Rutkowski, Joanna Zajkowska, Sambor Grygorczuk, Maciej Kondrusik, Sławomir Pancewicz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was the evaluation of NF-κB concentration in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with diagnosis of tick-borne diseases: tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), neuroborreliosis (NB), anaplasmosis (ANA) and patients co-infected with tick-borne encephalitis virus and Anaplasma phagocythophilum (TBE+ANA). Additionally NF-κB concentration during acute and convalescent period was compared. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with diagnosis of tick-borne diseases were included in the study...
December 2, 2016: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916581/use-of-a-tick-borne-disease-manual-increases-accuracy-of-tick-identification-among-primary-care-providers-in-lyme-disease-endemic-areas
#11
Amber D Butler, Meredith L Carlson, Christina A Nelson
Given the high incidence of tick bites and tick-borne diseases in the United States, it is important for primary care providers to recognize common ticks and the pathogens they may transmit. If a patient has removed and saved an attached tick, identifying the tick helps guide clinical management and determine whether antibiotic prophylaxis for Lyme disease is appropriate. To investigate providers' ability to recognize common ticks and the pathogens they may transmit, we asked 76 primary care providers from Lyme disease endemic areas to identify the common name or genus of preserved ticks found in their area...
November 23, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914128/seroprevalence-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-in-southeastern-korea-2015
#12
Kye Hyung Kim, Mee Kyung Ko, Namhee Kim, Hyung Hoi Kim, Jongyoun Yi
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne disease characterized by fever, thrombocytopenia and diarrhea. SFTS was firstly reported in Korea in 2013 but its seroprevalence in the country has yet to be investigated. Here, we investigate the seroprevalence of SFTS in a Korean population. A cross-sectional study was conducted on patients who had their sera tested for various reasons at a tertiary university hospital on particular days in May 2015. This study was conducted in a tertiary hospital in southeastern Korea...
January 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911694/seroprevalence-of-babesia-microti-in-individuals-with-lyme-disease
#13
Sabino R Curcio, Laurel P Tria, Azad L Gucwa
INTRODUCTION: Babesiosis is an emerging tick-borne disease (TBD) caused by Babesia microti, an intracellular parasite of red blood cells. Currently, it is the highest ranked pathogen transmitted by blood transfusion. Most healthy individuals infected with B. microti are asymptomatic, but may be at risk for chronic infection. Similar to Lyme disease transmitted by Borrelia burgdorferi, B. microti is spread by Ixodes scapularis ticks. The rate of coinfection with these TBDs in humans is unclear as most studies have focused their prevalence in ticks or rodent reservoirs...
December 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908984/draft-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-genome-sequences-from-five-cows-two-horses-and-one-roe-deer-collected-in-europe
#14
Thibaud Dugat, Marie-Noëlle Rossignol, Olivier Rué, Valentin Loux, Sylvain Marthey, Marco Moroldo, Cornelia Silaghi, Dirk Höper, Julia Fröhlich, Martin Pfeffer, Erich Zweygarth, Anne-Claire Lagrée, Henri-Jean Boulouis, Nadia Haddad
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a zoonotic tick-borne intracellular bacterium responsible for granulocytic anaplasmosis. As it is difficult to isolate and cultivate, only 20 A. phagocytophilum genomes have been sequenced to date. Here, we present eight A. phagocytophilum genome sequences obtained using alternative approaches based on sequence capture technology.
December 1, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908772/anaplasma-platys-in-dogs-from-uruguay
#15
Luis Carvalho, Maria Teresa Armua-Fernandez, Nicolás Sosa, María Laura Félix, José Manuel Venzal
Anaplasmataceae family members include vector-borne bacteria of veterinary importance that may also affect humans. Ehrlichia canis and Anaplasma platys are the main members of this family detected in dogs worldwide. In Uruguay there are not many published studies on tick-borne pathogens affecting dogs, the only haemoparasite molecularly confirmed in dogs, is the piroplasm Rangelia vitalii. The aim of the present work was to detect the presence of A. platys and E. canis in dogs and dogs-associated ticks of two localities in Northwestern Uruguay...
November 17, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908771/molecular-detection-and-genetic-characterization-of-babesia-theileria-and-anaplasma-amongst-apparently-healthy-sheep-and-goats-in-the-central-region-of-turkey
#16
Mo Zhou, Shinuo Cao, Ferda Sevinc, Mutlu Sevinc, Onur Ceylan, Sepil Ekici, Charoonluk Jirapattharasate, Paul Franck Adjou Moumouni, Mingming Liu, Guanbo Wang, Aiko Iguchi, Patrick Vudriko, Hiroshi Suzuki, Xuenan Xuan
Babesia spp., Theileria spp. and Anaplasma spp. are significant tick-borne pathogens of livestock globally. In this study, we investigated the presence and distribution of Babesia ovis, Theileria ovis and Anaplasma ovis in 343 small ruminants (249 sheep and 94 goats) from 13 towns in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey using species-specific PCR assays. The PCR were conducted using the primers based on the B. ovis ssu rRNA (BoSSUrRNA), T. ovis ssu rRNA (ToSSUrRNA) and A. ovis major surface protein 4 (AoMSP4) genes, respectively...
November 16, 2016: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905285/the-current-status-of-ticks-in-turkey-a-100-year-period-review-from-1916-to-2016
#17
Abdullah İnci, Alparslan Yıldırım, Önder Düzlü
Environmental and bio-ecological changes, some administrative and political mistakes, and global warming seriously affect the behaviors of ticks in Turkey and globally. The global public sensitivity toward tick infestations has increased along with increases in tick-borne diseases (TBDs). Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) developed a new political concept, "One Health," for specific struggle strategies against tick infestations and TBDs. To highlight the importance of the issue, the WHO had declared the year 2015 for vector-borne diseases and adopted the slogan "small bites big threat"...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903055/local-landscape-effects-on-population-dynamics-of-ixodes-ricinus
#18
Naveed Asghar, Mona Petersson, Magnus Johansson, Patrik Dinnetz
Ixodes ricinus, a common tick in Europe, transmits severe tickborne pathogens (TBPs). In Sweden, both prevalence and incidence of tick-borne infections have increased during the last few decades, and a majority of the cases is reported from the area around Stockholm. Among ticks, transmission of TBPs involves co-feeding of susceptible larvae or nymphs with infected ticks on the same host. Seasonal synchrony of immature stages and total tick abundance are important factors for the probability of horizontal transmission of TBPs...
November 21, 2016: Geospatial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898670/gray-wolf-exposure-to-emerging-vector-borne-diseases-in-wisconsin-with-comparison-to-domestic-dogs-and-humans
#19
Rocio F Jara, Adrian P Wydeven, Michael D Samuel
World-wide concern over emerging vector-borne diseases has increased in recent years for both animal and human health. In the United Sates, concern about vector-borne diseases in canines has focused on Lyme disease, anaplasmosis, ehrlichiosis, and heartworm which infect domestic and wild canids. Of these diseases, Lyme and anaplasmosis are also frequently diagnosed in humans. Gray wolves (Canis lupus) recolonized Wisconsin in the 1970s, and we evaluated their temporal and geographic patterns of exposure to these four vector-borne diseases in Wisconsin as the population expanded between 1985 and 2011...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894847/pcr-screening-of-tick-borne-agents-in-sensitive-conservation-areas-southeast-portugal
#20
Maria Margarida Santos-Silva, Pedro Melo, Nuno Santos, Sandra Antunes, Luís Raposo Duarte, Joana Ferrolho, Natacha Milhano, Patrícia Tavares Santos, Ana Domingos, Ana Sofia Santos
The Southeast region of Portugal, particularly the Guadiana valley, is currently the reintroduction territory of Lynx pardinus (Iberian lynx), one of the most endangered felids in the world that is only found in the Iberian Peninsula. Over the last century, populations have declined, placing L. pardinus at extremely high risk of extinction in the wild and relying on reintroduction projects. Among the aspects taken into account in the establishment of new populations is the sanitary status of the selected habitats, especially concerning infectious diseases, including tick-borne pathogens (TBPs)...
November 25, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
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