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Autism & Communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222572/word-processing-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#1
Micheal Sandbank, Paul Yoder, Alexandra P Key
Purpose: This investigation was conducted to determine whether young children with autism spectrum disorders exhibited a canonical neural response to word stimuli and whether putative event-related potential (ERP) measures of word processing were correlated with a concurrent measure of receptive language. Additional exploratory analyses were used to examine whether the magnitude of the association between ERP measures of word processing and receptive language varied as a function of the number of word stimuli the participants reportedly understood...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216607/frequency-of-risk-factors-and-coexisting-abnormalities-in-a-population-of-egyptian-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Nagwa Abdel Meguid, Neveen Hassan Nashaat, Heba S Hashem, Mai M Khalil
BACKGROUND: Many risk factors interact together during the critical period of development and govern the future phenotype of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, co-occurring abnormalities among individuals with ASD vary a lot so as their abilities. AIM OF WORK: To investigate possible risk factors and to determine the prevalence of coexisting abnormalities in a sample of Egyptian ASD children and their influence on the severity and their communication performance...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213525/motor-learning-characterization-in-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#3
Íbis Ariana Peña de Moraes, Thais Massetti, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Talita Dias da Silva, Lilian Del Ciello de Menezes, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Fernando Henrique Magalhães
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder primarily characterized by deficits in social interaction, communication and implicit skill learning. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the results of research on "motor learning" and the means used for measuring "autistic disorder". METHODS: A systematic literature search was done using Medline/PubMed, Web of Science, BVS (virtual health library), and PsycINFO. We included articles that contained the keywords "autism" and "motor learning"...
July 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212345/a-pilot-investigation-of-an-ios-based-app-for-toilet-training-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Daniel W Mruzek, Stephen McAleavey, Whitney A Loring, Eric Butter, Tristram Smith, Erin McDonnell, Lynne Levato, Courtney Aponte, Rebekah P Travis, Rachel E Aiello, Cora M Taylor, Jonathan W Wilkins, Patricia Corbett-Dick, Dianne M Finkelstein, Alyssa M York, Katherine Zanibbi
We developed an iOS-based app with a transmitter/disposable sensor and corresponding manualized intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder. The app signaled the onset of urination, time-stamped accidents for analysis, reminded parents to reinforce intervals of continence, provided a visual outlet for parents to communicate reinforcement, and afforded opportunity for timely feedback from clinicians. We compared this intervention with an intervention that uses standard behavioral treatment in a pilot randomized controlled trial of 33 children with autism spectrum disorder aged 3-6 years with urinary incontinence...
December 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211740/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comprehensive-interventions-for-pre-school-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#5
Yoshiyuki Tachibana, Celine Miyazaki, Erika Ota, Rintaro Mori, Yeonhee Hwang, Eriko Kobayashi, Akiko Terasaka, Julian Tang, Yoko Kamio
BACKGROUND: There has an increasing number of published trials on psychosocial intervention programmes for pre-school children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To achieve better quality of unbiased evidence for the effectiveness of ASD interventions, it is necessary to conduct a comprehensive review that covers studies with adequate quality standards, such as randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and different types of intervention In this study, we categorize interventions for ASD as behavioural, social-communication focused, and multimodal developmental based on Howlin's classification of early interventions for children with ASD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205605/coaching-parents-to-assess-and-treat-self-injurious-behaviour-via-telehealth
#6
S S Benson, A F Dimian, M Elmquist, J Simacek, J J McComas, F J Symons
The application of telehealth technology to conduct functional analysis (FA) and functional communication training (FCT) is emerging for children with developmental disabilities and behaviour support needs. The current study was designed to extend FA + FCT for self-injurious behaviour by using telehealth in home with parents as interventionists receiving real-time remote coaching. Two families with school-aged boys with developmental disabilities associated with intellectual disability participated, one with cerebral palsy and the other with autism spectrum disorder...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204928/brief-report-factor-analysis-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-adult-autism-spectrum-quotient
#7
Julia Horta Tabosa do Egito, Gabrielle Martins Ribeiro Ferreira, Manoela Izidoro Gonçalves, Ana Alexandra Caldas Osório
This study examined the factor structure of the Brazilian version of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient. This is a self-report questionnaire for continuous and quantitative assessment of autistic spectrum traits in adults. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed on the five-factor model (social skill, attention switching, attention to detail, communication and imagination) proposed by the original authors, support not being found for this model in our sample. An exploratory factor analysis was then performed that resulted in an alternative three-factor model (social skills, details/patterns and imagination)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204811/impact-of-a-patient-facing-enhanced-genomic-results-report-to-improve-understanding-engagement-and-communication
#8
Janet L Williams, Alanna Kulchak Rahm, Doris T Zallen, Heather Stuckey, Kara Fultz, Audrey L Fan, Michele Bonhag, Lynn Feldman, Michael M Segal, Marc S Williams
"The objective of this study was to" test the effectiveness of an enhanced genomic report on patient-centered outcome domains including communication, engagement and satisfaction. "Study design utilized" a prospective, randomized, mixed-methods desctiptive study of a whole genome sequencing results report, GenomeCOMPASS™, that was accessed by providers through the electronic health record and by patients through the associated patient portal. "The study was set in" an integrated healthcare delivery system in central Pennsylvania...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204259/early-development-of-infants-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-series
#9
Anna May Kolesnik, Emily Jane Harrison Jones, Shruti Garg, Jonathan Green, Tony Charman, Mark Henry Johnson
Background: Prospective studies of infants at familial risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have yielded insights into the earliest signs of the disorder but represent heterogeneous samples of unclear aetiology. Complementing this approach by studying cohorts of infants with monogenic syndromes associated with high rates of ASD offers the opportunity to elucidate the factors that lead to ASD. Methods: We present the first report from a prospective study of ten 10-month-old infants with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a monogenic disorder with high prevalence of ASD or ASD symptomatology...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203509/protocol-for-a-feasibility-study-and-randomised-pilot-trial-of-a-low-intensity-psychological-intervention-for-depression-in-adults-with-autism-the-autism-depression-trial-adept
#10
Ailsa Russell, Kate Cooper, Stephen Barton, Ian Ensum, Daisy Gaunt, Jeremy Horwood, Barry Ingham, David Kessler, Chris Metcalfe, Jeremy Parr, Dheeraj Rai, Nicola Wiles
INTRODUCTION: High rates of co-occurring depression are reported in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a neurodevelopmental condition characterised by social communication impairments and repetitive behaviours. Cognitive-behavioural interventions adapted for ASD have been effective for anxiety problems. There have been evaluation studies of group cognitive-behavioural therapy for co-occurring depression, but no randomised trials investigating low-intensity psychological interventions as recommended in clinical guidelines for mild-moderate depression...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#11
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201482/deletion-involving-the-7q31-32-band-at-the-cadps2-gene-locus-in-a-patient-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-recurrent-psychotic-syndrome-triggered-by-stress
#12
Paulo André Pera Grabowski, Alexandre Ferreira Bello, Diogo Lima Rodrigues, Murilo José Forbeci, Vinicius Motter, Salmo Raskin
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by impairments in social functioning, language, communication, and behavior. Recent genome-wide association studies show some microdeletions on the 7q31-32 region, including the CADPS2 locus in autistic patients. This paper reports the case of a patient with ASD and recurrent psychotic syndrome, in which a deletion on the 7q31-32 band at the CADPS2 gene locus was evidenced, as well as a brief review of the literature on the CADPS2 gene and its association with ASD...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199446/advances-in-school-based-interventions-for-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#13
Cynthia M Anderson, Tristram Smith, Susan M Wilczynski
As the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder has increased, so too has research on interventions to address core and associated features of autism. Although many methodologically rigorous studies on interventions have been reported, their relevance to educators is somewaht unclear. For example, only about 32% of evidence-based strategies identifed in these reviews were conducted in k-12 settings. Current literature also is limited in that, although many studies show that interventions can improve the communication and social interaction skills of individuals with autism, most of this work has been conducted with pre-school children; questions remain about the generality of these findings to school-aged children...
January 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199433/a-systematic-review-of-parent-implemented-functional-communication-training-for-children-with-asd
#14
Stephanie Gerow, Shanna Hagan-Burke, Mandy Rispoli, Emily Gregori, Rose Mason, Jennifer Ninci
Supporting parents in reducing challenging behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) requires the identification of effective, feasible, and sustainable interventions. Functional communication training (FCT) is one of the most well-established interventions in the behavioral literature and is used increasingly by parents. However, there is a need for additional evaluation of the literature related to parent-implemented FCT. In the present review, we identified 26 peer-reviewed studies on parent-implemented FCT...
December 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198284/facilitating-autism-research
#15
Deborah Fein, Molly Helt
Early autism research focused on behavior and cognition. In recent decades, the pace of research has accelerated, and advances in imaging and genetics have allowed the accumulation of biological data. Nevertheless, a coherent picture of the syndrome at either phenotypic or biological level has not emerged. We see two fundamental obstacles to progress in basic understanding of autism. First, the two defining features (impairment in social interactions and communication, and restricted, repetitive behaviors and interests) are historically seen as integrally related...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197168/dissociation-between-executed-and-imagined-bimanual-movements-in-autism-spectrum-conditions
#16
Alessandro Piedimonte, Massimiliano Conson, Alessandro Frolli, Stefania Bari, Francesco Della Gatta, Marco Rabuffetti, Roberto Keller, Anna Berti, Francesca Garbarini
Autism spectrum conditions (ASC) are characterized by social-communicative deficits and repetitive stereotyped behaviors. Altered motor coordination is also observed and a dysfunction of motor imagery has been recently reported on implicit tasks. However, no information on explicit motor imagery abilities is available in ASC. Here, we employed a spatial bimanual task to concurrently assess motor coordination and explicit motor imagery in autism. A secondary objective of the study was to evaluate these abilities across two populations of ASC, namely adolescents and adults with ASC...
December 1, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195157/a-meta-analysis-of-the-association-between-vocalizations-and-expressive-language-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
REVIEW
Jena McDaniel, Kathryn D'Ambrose Slaboch, Paul Yoder
BACKGROUND: Targeting the frequency or complexity of prelinguistic vocalizations might improve the language trajectory of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who exhibit continued expressive language deficits. AIMS: This meta-analysis evaluates the strength of the association between various measures of vocalizations and expressive language in young children with ASD and five putative moderators of that association to inform prelinguistic intervention development: consonant-centricity, communicativeness, concurrent versus longitudinal research design, risk for correlated measurement error, and publication status...
November 28, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193826/validation-of-eye-tracking-measures-of-social-attention-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-autism-clinical-trials
#18
Michael Murias, Samantha Major, Katherine Davlantis, Lauren Franz, Adrianne Harris, Benjamin Rardin, Maura Sabatos-DeVito, Geraldine Dawson
Social communication impairments are a core feature of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and this class of symptoms is a target for treatments for the disorder. Measures of social attention, assessed via eye-gaze tracking (EGT), have been proposed as an early efficacy biomarker for clinical trials targeting social communication skills. EGT measures have been shown to differentiate children with ASD from typical children; however, there is less known about their relationships with social communication outcome measures that are typically used in ASD clinical trials...
November 29, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188589/psychometric-properties-of-spanish-adaptation-of-the-pdd-mrs-scale-in-adults-with-intellectual-developmental-disorders-the-evtea-di-scale
#19
Maria José Cortés, Carmen Orejuela, Gemma Castellví, Annabel Folch, Lluís Rovira, Luis Salvador-Carulla, Marcia Irazábal, Silvia Muñoz, Josep Maria Haro, Elisabet Vilella, Rafael Martínez-Leal
Strategies for the early detection of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in people with intellectual developmental disorder (IDD) are urgently needed, but few specific tools have been developed. The present study examines the psychometric properties of the EVTEA-DI, a Spanish adaptation of the PDD-MRS, in a large randomized sample of 979 adults with IDD. Factorial solution analysis suggested a three-factor solution (stereotyped behavior, communication, and social behavior). The EVTEA-DI showed good reliability and convergent validity when compared to the Childhood Autism Rating Scale...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188169/analysis-of-social-communication-questionnaire-scq-screening-for-children-less-than-age-4
#20
REVIEW
Alison R Marvin, Daniel J Marvin, Paul H Lipkin, J Kiely Law
Purpose of Review: The Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) is a screener for Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) validated for age 4.0 +. There is a clinical need for an ASD screener for children beyond the 30-month age limit of the M-CHAT-R/F. We evaluate the literature on the use of the SCQ in children < 4.0 years. Recent Findings: Recent studies have used very large samples; included typically developing children, rather than just those with developmental disorders; compared the SCQ Lifetime and Current versions; and increased scrutiny of internal validity...
2017: Current Developmental Disorders Reports
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