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Autism & Language

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928701/teaching-literacy-skills-to-french-minimally-verbal-school-aged-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-with-the-serious-game-sema-tic-an-exploratory-study
#1
Sylvie Serret, Stéphanie Hun, Susanne Thümmler, Prescillia Pierron, Andreia Santos, Jérémy Bourgeois, Florence Askenazy
Learning to read is very challenging for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), but also very important, as it can give them access to new knowledge. This is even more challenging in minimally verbal children, who do not have the verbal abilities to learn through usual methods. To address the learning of literacy skills in French minimally verbal school-aged children with ASD, we designed the serious game SEMA-TIC, which relies on non-verbal cognitive skills and uses specific learning strategies adapted to the features of autistic individuals...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928645/auditory-motor-mapping-training-in-a-more-verbal-child-with-autism
#2
Karen V Chenausky, Andrea C Norton, Gottfried Schlaug
We tested the effect of Auditory-Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), a novel, intonation-based treatment for spoken language originally developed for minimally verbal (MV) children with autism, on a more-verbal child with autism. We compared this child's performance after 25 therapy sessions with that of: (1) a child matched on age, autism severity, and expressive language level who received 25 sessions of a non-intonation-based control treatment Speech Repetition Therapy (SRT); and (2) a matched pair of MV children (one of whom received AMMT; the other, SRT)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925999/an-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-intensity-and-duration-on-outcomes-across-treatment-domains-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#3
E Linstead, D R Dixon, E Hong, C O Burns, R French, M N Novack, D Granpeesheh
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is considered an effective treatment for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and many researchers have further investigated factors associated with treatment outcomes. However, few studies have focused on whether treatment intensity and duration have differential influences on separate skills. The aim of the current study was to investigate how treatment intensity and duration impact learning across different treatment domains, including academic, adaptive, cognitive, executive function, language, motor, play, and social...
September 19, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922545/neural-responses-to-linguistic-stimuli-in-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Kayla H Finch, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Charles A Nelson
Atypical neural responses to language have been found in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and in their unaffected siblings. However, given that language difficulties are often seen in these children, it is difficult to interpret whether these neural differences are a result of the diagnosis of ASD or impairments in their language abilities. In this current study, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) from four groups of 36-month-olds: low-risk control (LRC), high-risk for ASD defined as having an older sibling with ASD (HRA) but who do not have ASD or milder autism-like symptoms (HRA-Typ), HRA children who do not have ASD but exhibit milder autism-like symptoms (HRA-Atyp), and HRA children diagnosed with ASD (ASD)...
September 18, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919924/comparison-of-parent-report-and-direct-assessment-of-child-skills-in-toddlers
#5
Lauren E Miller, Kayla A Perkins, Yael G Dai, Deborah A Fein
BACKGROUND: There are unique challenges associated with measuring development in early childhood. Two primary sources of information are used: parent report and direct assessment. Each approach has strengths and weaknesses, particularly when used to identify and diagnose developmental delays. The present study aimed to evaluate consistency between parent report and direct assessment of child skills in toddlers with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) across receptive language, expressive language, and fine motor domains...
September 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914083/the-importance-of-context-in-early-autism-intervention-a-qualitative-south-african-study
#6
Jessy Guler, Petrus J de Vries, Noleen Seris, Nokuthula Shabalala, Lauren Franz
The majority of individuals with autism spectrum disorder live in low- and middle-income countries and receive little or no services from health or social care systems. The development and validation of autism spectrum disorder interventions has almost exclusively occurred in high-income countries, leaving many unanswered questions regarding what contextual factors would need to be considered to ensure the effectiveness of interventions in low- and middle-income countries. This study qualitatively explored contextual factors relevant to the adaptation of a caregiver-mediated early autism spectrum disorder intervention in a low-resource South African setting...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903722/eeg-power-at-3%C3%A2-months-in-infants-at-high-familial-risk-for-autism
#7
April R Levin, Kandice J Varcin, Heather M O'Leary, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Charles A Nelson
BACKGROUND: Alterations in brain development during infancy may precede the behavioral manifestation of developmental disorders. Infants at increased risk for autism are also at increased risk for other developmental disorders, including, quite commonly, language disorders. Here we assess the extent to which electroencephalographic (EEG) differences in infants at high versus low familial risk for autism are present by 3 months of age, and elucidate the functional significance of EEG power at 3 months in predicting later development...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903580/reliability-of-parent-recall-of-symptom-onset-and-timing-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Sally Ozonoff, Deana Li, Lesley Deprey, Elise P Hanzel, Ana-Maria Iosif
Past events are often reported as occurring more recently than they actually took place, an error called forward telescoping. This study examined whether forward telescoping was evident in parent reports of autism spectrum disorder symptom emergence and onset classification. Parents were interviewed when their child was 2-3 years old (Time 1) and approximately 6 years old (Time 2). Significant forward telescoping was found in both age of social regression and age when language milestones were achieved, but not age of language regression...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900778/early-gesture-and-vocabulary-development-in-infant-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Jana M Iverson, Jessie B Northrup, Nina B Leezenbaum, Meaghan V Parladé, Erin A Koterba, Kelsey L West
This study examined longitudinal growth in gestures and words in infants at heightened (HR) versus low risk (LR) for ASD. The MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory was administered monthly from 8 to 14 months and at 18 and 24 months to caregivers of 14 HR infants diagnosed with ASD (HR-ASD), 27 HR infants with language delay (HR-LD), 51 HR infants with no diagnosis (HR-ND), and 28 LR infants. Few differences were obtained between LR and HR-ND infants, but HR-LD and HR-ASD groups differed in initial skill levels and growth patterns...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900155/inflexible-neurobiological-signatures-precede-atypical-development-in-infants-at-high-risk-for-autism
#10
Kristina Denisova, Guihu Zhao
Variability in neurobiological signatures is ubiquitous in early life but the link to adverse developmental milestones in humans is unknown. We examined how levels of signal and noise in movement signatures during the 1st year of life constrain early development in 71 healthy typically developing infants, either at High or Low familial Risk (HR or LR, respectively) for developing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Delays in early learning developmental trajectories in HR infants (validated in an analysis of 1,445 infants from representative infant-sibling studies) were predicted by worse stochastic patterns in their spontaneous head movements as early as 1-2 months after birth, relative to HR infants who showed more rapid developmental progress, as well as relative to all LR infants...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894969/categorical-speech-perception-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-conditions
#11
Mary E Stewart, Alexandra M Petrou, Mitsuhiko Ota
This study tested whether individuals with autism spectrum conditions (n = 23) show enhanced discrimination of acoustic differences that signal a linguistic contrast (i.e., /g/ versus /k/ as in 'goat' and 'coat') and whether they process such differences in a less categorical fashion as compared with 23 IQ-matched typically developed adults. Tasks administered were nonverbal IQ, verbal IQ, 5 language measures, a speech perception task, and the ADOS. The speech perception task measured the discrimination of paired exemplars along the /g/-/k/ continuum...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889325/brief-report-discrimination-of-foreign-speech-pitch-and-autistic-traits-in-non-clinical-population
#12
Lai-Sang Iao, Anna Wippich, Yu Hin Lam
Individuals with Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC) are widely suggested to show enhanced perceptual discrimination but inconsistent findings have been reported for pitch discrimination. Given the high variability in ASC, this study investigated whether ASC traits were correlated with pitch discrimination in an undergraduate sample when musical and language experiences were taken into consideration. Results indicated that the social skills subscale of the Autism Spectrum Quotient was associated with foreign speech pitch discrimination, suggesting that individuals who were less sociable and socially skillful were less able to discriminate foreign speech pitch...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886424/emotional-and-behavioural-needs-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-the-importance-of-pragmatic-language-impairment
#13
Wenche Andersen Helland, Turid Helland
BACKGROUND: Language problems may negatively affect children's behaviour and have detrimental effects on the development of peer-relations. AIMS: We investigated and compared emotional and behavioural profiles in children with SLI and in children with ASD aged 6-15 years and explored to what extent pragmatic language problems contributed to the emotional and behavioural needs (EBN) in these clinical groups. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The ASD group consisted of 23 children (19 boys; 4 girls) and the SLI group consisted of 20 children (18 boys; 2 girls)...
September 4, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884888/foxp1-haploinsufficiency-phenotypes-beyond-behavior-and-intellectual-disability
#14
Angela Myers, Christèle du Souich, Connie L Yang, Lior Borovik, Jill Mwenifumbo, Rosemarie Rupps, Causes Study, Anna Lehman, Cornelius F Boerkoel
The forkhead box (FOX) transcription factors have roles in development, carcinogenesis, metabolism, and immunity. In humans FOXP1 mutations have been associated with language and speech defects, intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, facial dysmorphisms, and congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract. In mice, Foxp1 plays critical roles in development of the spinal motor neurons, lymphocytes, cardiomyocytes, foregut, and skeleton. We hypothesized therefore that mutations of FOXP1 affect additional tissues in some humans...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879490/homogeneous-subgroups-of-young-children-with-autism-improve-phenotypic-characterization-in-the-study-to-explore-early-development
#15
Lisa D Wiggins, Lin H Tian, Susan E Levy, Catherine Rice, Li-Ching Lee, Laura Schieve, Juhi Pandey, Julie Daniels, Lisa Blaskey, Susan Hepburn, Rebecca Landa, Rebecca Edmondson-Pretzel, William Thompson
The objective of this study was to identify homogenous classes of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to improve phenotypic characterization. Children were enrolled in the Study to Explore Early Development between 2 and 5 years of age. 707 children were classified with ASD after a comprehensive evaluation with strict diagnostic algorithms. Four classes of children with ASD were identified from latent class analysis: mild language delay with cognitive rigidity, mild language and motor delay with dysregulation, general developmental delay, and significant developmental delay with repetitive motor behaviors...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878697/dietary-supplement-for-core-symptoms-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-where-are-we-now-and-where-should-we-go
#16
REVIEW
Yong-Jiang Li, Jian-Jun Ou, Ya-Min Li, Da-Xiong Xiang
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a class of severe and chronic conditions and core symptoms are deficits in social interaction, language communication impairments, and repetitive/stereotyped behavior. Given the limitations of available treatments and substantially increased prevalence of the disease, additional interventions are needed. Since the use of dietary supplements for ASD is of high prevalence, up-to-date information about those supplements are required for both parents and clinicians. Relevant articles were identified through a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and PsychINFO databases (through May 2017)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869842/changes-in-intrinsic-local-connectivity-after-reading-intervention-in-children-with-autism
#17
Jose O Maximo, Donna L Murdaugh, Sarah O'Kelley, Rajesh K Kana
Most of the existing behavioral and cognitive intervention programs in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have not been tested at the neurobiological level, thus falling short of finding quantifiable neurobiological changes underlying behavioral improvement. The current study takes a translational neuroimaging approach to test the impact of a structured visual imagery-based reading intervention on improving reading comprehension and assessing its underlying local neural circuitry. Behavioral and resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) data were collected from children with ASD who were randomly assigned to an Experimental group (ASD-EXP; n=14) and a Wait-list control group (ASD-WLC; n=14)...
September 1, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869354/working-memory-network-alterations-in-high-functioning-adolescents-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Evelien M Barendse, Lisanne J Schreuder, Geert Thoonen, Marc P H Hendriks, Roy P C Kessels, Walter H Backes, Albert P Aldenkamp, Jacobus F A Jansen
AIM: People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) typically have deficits in the working memory (WM) system. Working memory is found to be an essential chain in successfully navigating in the social world. We hypothesize that brain networks for WM have an altered network integrity in ASD compared to controls. METHODS: 13 adolescents (1 female) with autistic disorder (n = 1), Asperger's disorder (n = 7), and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (n = 5), and 13 typically developing control adolescents (1 female) participated in this study...
September 4, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867997/autism-spectrum-disorder-related-functional-connectivity-changes-in-the-language-network-in-children-adolescents-and-adults
#19
Yubu Lee, Bo-Yong Park, Oliver James, Seong-Gi Kim, Hyunjin Park
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disability with global implication. Altered brain connectivity in the language network has frequently been reported in ASD patients using task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) compared to typically developing (TD) participants. Most of these studies have focused on a specific age group or mixed age groups with ASD. In the current study, we investigated age-related changes in functional connectivity related measure, degree centrality (DC), in the language network across three age groups with ASD (113 children, 113 adolescents and 103 adults) using resting-state fMRI data collected from the autism brain imaging data exchange repository...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863035/same-or-different-the-overlap-between-children-with-auditory-processing-disorders-and-children-with-other-developmental-disorders-a-systematic-review
#20
Ellen de Wit, Pim van Dijk, Sandra Hanekamp, Margot I Visser-Bochane, Bert Steenbergen, Cees P van der Schans, Margreet R Luinge
OBJECTIVES: Children diagnosed with auditory processing disorders (APD) experience difficulties in auditory functioning and with memory, attention, language, and reading tasks. However, it is not clear whether the behavioral characteristics of these children are distinctive from the behavioral characteristics of children diagnosed with a different developmental disorder, such as specific language impairment (SLI), dyslexia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disorder (LD), or autism spectrum disorder...
August 31, 2017: Ear and Hearing
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