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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150816/cognitive-diagnosis-for-small-educational-programs-the-general-nonparametric-classification-method
#1
Chia-Yi Chiu, Yan Sun, Yanhong Bian
The focus of cognitive diagnosis (CD) is on evaluating an examinee's strengths and weaknesses in terms of cognitive skills learned and skills that need study. Current methods for fitting CD models (CDMs) work well for large-scale assessments, where the data of hundreds or thousands of examinees are available. However, the development of CD-based assessment tools that can be used in small-scale test settings, say, for monitoring the instruction and learning process at the classroom level has not kept up with the rapid pace at which research and development proceeded for large-scale assessments...
November 17, 2017: Psychometrika
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149837/assessment-of-genetic-diversity-in-vigna-unguiculata-l-walp-accessions-using-inter-simple-sequence-repeat-issr-and-start-codon-targeted-scot-polymorphic-markers
#2
David Okeh Igwe, Celestine Azubike Afiukwa, Benjamin Ewa Ubi, Kenneth Idika Ogbu, Omena Bernard Ojuederie, George Nkem Ude
BACKGROUND: Assessment of genetic diversity of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp (cowpea) accessions using informative molecular markers is imperative for their genetic improvement and conservation. Use of efficacious molecular markers to obtain the required knowledge of the genetic diversity within the local and regional germplasm collections can enhance the overall effectiveness of cowpea improvement programs, hence, the comparative assessment of Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and Start codon targeted (SCoT) markers in genetic diversity of V...
November 17, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146664/the-effects-of-practice-based-training-on-graduate-teaching-assistants-classroom-practices
#3
Erin A Becker, Erin J Easlon, Sarah C Potter, Alberto Guzman-Alvarez, Jensen M Spear, Marc T Facciotti, Michele M Igo, Mitchell Singer, Christopher Pagliarulo
Evidence-based teaching is a highly complex skill, requiring repeated cycles of deliberate practice and feedback to master. Despite existing well-characterized frameworks for practice-based training in K-12 teacher education, the major principles of these frameworks have not yet been transferred to instructor development in higher educational contexts, including training of graduate teaching assistants (GTAs). We sought to determine whether a practice-based training program could help GTAs learn and use evidence-based teaching methods in their classrooms...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137721/current-robotic-curricula-for-surgery-residents-a-need-for-additional-cognitive-and-psychomotor-focus
#4
Courtney A Green, Hueylan Chern, Patricia S O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Current robot surgery curricula developed by industry were designed for expert surgeons. We sought to identify the robotic curricula that currently exist in general surgery residencies and describe their components. METHODS: We identified 12 residency programs with robotic curricula. Using a structured coding form to identify themes including sequence, duration, emphasis and assessment, we generated a descriptive summary. RESULTS: Curricula followed a similar sequence: learners started with online modules and simulation exercises, followed by bedside experience during R2-R3 training years, and then operative opportunities on the console in the final years of training...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137659/the-effectiveness-of-research-implementation-strategies-for-promoting-evidence-informed-policy-and-management-decisions-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Mitchell N Sarkies, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Elizabeth H Skinner, Romi Haas, Haylee Lane, Terry P Haines
BACKGROUND: It is widely acknowledged that health policy and management decisions rarely reflect research evidence. Therefore, it is important to determine how to improve evidence-informed decision-making. The primary aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of research implementation strategies for promoting evidence-informed policy and management decisions in healthcare. The secondary aim of the review was to describe factors perceived to be associated with effective strategies and the inter-relationship between these factors...
November 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135428/handwriting-and-common-core-state-standards-teacher-occupational-therapist-and-administrator-perceptions-from-new-york-state-public-schools
#6
Debra Collette, Kylie Anson, Nora Halabi, April Schlierman, Allison Suriner
Handwriting is the cornerstone of written performance and communication for school-age children. This mixed-methods study explored the impact of Common Core State Standards on handwriting instruction and its effects on perceptions regarding children's written responses in elementary school. Using surveys and interviews of elementary teachers, occupational therapists, and administrators in New York State public schools, we sought to understand current trends in handwriting instruction, changes in time spent on handwriting instruction in the classroom, supports offered to students who did not meet expectations for handwriting, and the impact of Common Core on children's written expression...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134479/take-flight-the-evolution-of-an-orton-gillingham-based-curriculum
#7
Jeremiah J Ring, Karen J Avrit, Jeffrey L Black
Thirty years ago in this journal, Aylett Royall Cox reported on the development of Alphabetic Phonics, a revision of the existing Orton Gillingham treatment for children with dyslexia. This paper continues that discussion and reports on the evolution of that curriculum as it is represented in a comprehensive dyslexia treatment program informed by intervention research. The paper describes the curriculum and reports data from a hospital-based learning disabilities clinic that provides qualified support for treatment efficacy and the value of added comprehension instruction...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Dyslexia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134133/monitoring-and-morphologic-classification-of-pediatric-cataract-using-slit-lamp-adapted-photography
#8
Erping Long, Zhuoling Lin, Jingjing Chen, Zhenzhen Liu, Qianzhong Cao, Haotian Lin, Weirong Chen, Yizhi Liu
Purpose: To investigate the feasibility of pediatric cataract monitoring and morphologic classification using slit lamp-adapted anterior segmental photography in a large cohort that included uncooperative children. Methods: Patients registered in the Childhood Cataract Program of the Chinese Ministry of Health were prospectively selected. Eligible patients underwent slit-lamp adapted anterior segmental photography to record and monitor the morphology of their cataractous lenses...
November 2017: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128584/the-influence-of-maternal-modeling-on-body-image-concerns-and-eating-disturbances-in-preadolescent-girls
#9
Charlotte M Handford, Ronald M Rapee, Jasmine Fardouly
Research suggests that mothers may influence the development of body image concerns and eating disturbances in their daughters by modeling negative body image beliefs and unhealthy eating behaviors. However, the causal nature of that mode of influence is yet to be established. This study implemented an experimental design to examine the impact of mothers' modeling of negative comments about their own appearance and diet on their daughters' body image concerns and eating behaviors. Participants were 8-12 year old girls and their mothers (N = 50)...
November 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123624/state-of-education-regarding-ultrasound-guided-interventions-during-pain-fellowships-in-korea-a-survey-of-recent-fellows
#10
Hyung Tae Kim, Sae Young Kim, Gyung Jo Byun, Byung Chul Shin, Jin Young Lee, Eun Joo Choi, Jong Bum Choi, Ji Hee Hong, Seung Won Choi, Yeon Dong Kim
Background: Recently, the use of ultrasound (US) techniques in regional anesthesia and pain medicine has increased significantly. However, the current extent of training in the use of US-guided pain management procedures in Korea remains unknown. The purpose of the present study was to assess the current state of US training provided during Korean Pain Society (KPS) pain fellowship programs through the comparative analysis between training hospitals. Methods: We conducted an anonymous survey of 51 pain physicians who had completed KPS fellowships in 2017...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#11
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118080/perceptions-of-program-directors-and-educators-regarding-the-adequacy-of-oral-health-education-in-nursing-assistant-curricula
#12
Barbara A Stowers, Lori Giblin, Lisa Laspina, Kristeen Perry
Purpose: National data indicate that the oral health status of the aging population in long term care facilities (LTCF) is poor in the majority of cases. Nursing assistants are considered to be the primary caregivers of oral health care to elders residing in LTCF's. The aim of this research was to explore the perspectives among nursing educators and program directors on the adequacy of oral health education in nursing assistant curricula.Methods: This exploratory, cross-sectional study utilized a web-based questionnaire adapted, with permission, from a prior study conducted in 2009...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117293/patient-satisfaction-with-an-early-smartphone-based-cosmetic-surgery-postoperative-follow-up
#13
Edoardo Dalla Pozza, Gehaan F D'Souza, Anthony DeLeonibus, Brianna Fabiani, Bahar Bassiri Gharb, James E Zins
Background: While prevalent in everyday life, smartphones are also finding increasing use as a medical care adjunct. The use of smartphone technology as a postoperative cosmetic surgery adjunct for care has received little attention in the literature. Objectives: The purpose of this effort was to assess the potential efficacy of a smartphone-based cosmetic surgery early postoperative follow-up program. Specifically, could smartphone photography provided by the patient to the plastic surgeon in the first few days after surgery allay patient's concerns, improve the postoperative experience and, possibly, detect early complications? Methods: From August 2015 to March 2016 a smartphone-based postoperative protocol was established for patients undergoing cosmetic procedures...
June 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114512/the-runsmart-training-program-effect-on-oxygen-consumption-and-lower-extremity-biomechanics-during-running
#14
Jennifer Bogulski, Steven Gonser, Doug Bush, Rachel Bugner, Lindsey Clark, Lisa Farrell, Kristen Swanson, Michael David Ross
As recreational running continues to gain popularity, more individuals are seeking ways to improve running performance. RunSmart is a running intervention program designed to enhance a runner's form. In addition to correcting flaws in a runner's form, RunSmart offers the opportunity for runners to continue a regular regimen while slowly integrating changes in form. The purpose of this case series was twofold: to determine if the RunSmart program coincides with improvements in oxygen consumption (VO2), a variable often associated with better running performance times, and to evaluate the RunSmart program in regard to enhancing gait biomechanics...
August 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113703/similar-2-point-discrimination-and-stereognosia-but-better-locognosia-at-long-term-with-an-independent-home-based-sensory-reeducation-program-vs-no-reeducation-after-low-median-nerve-transection-and-repair
#15
Dimitrios K Antonopoulos, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Panayiotis D Megaloikonomos, Evanthia Mitsiokapa, George Georgoudis, Christos Th Vottis, George K Antonopoulos, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos, Spyridon Pneumatikos, Sarantis G Spyridonos
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled study. INTRODUCTION: Previous studies evaluated the effectiveness of sensory reeducation (SR) after peripheral nerve injury and repair. However, evidence for long-term clinical usefulness of SR is inconclusive. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study is to compare the sensory results of patients with low-median nerve complete transection and microsurgical repair, with and without SR at long term...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113572/effects-of-an-individual-12-week-community-located-start-to-run-program-on-physical-capacity-walking-fatigue-cognitive-function-brain-volumes-and-structures-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#16
Peter Feys, Lousin Moumdjian, Florian Van Halewyck, Inez Wens, Bert O Eijnde, Bart Van Wijmeersch, Veronica Popescu, Paul Van Asch
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy studies in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) primarily focused on motor outcomes in mid disease stage, while cognitive function and neural correlates were only limitedly addressed. OBJECTIVES: This pragmatic randomized controlled study investigated the effects of a remotely supervised community-located "start-to-run" program on physical and cognitive function, fatigue, quality of life, brain volume, and connectivity. METHOD: In all, 42 pwMS were randomized to either experimental (EXP) or waiting list control (WLC) group...
November 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110557/post-discharge-issues-identified-by-a-call-back-program-identifying-improvement-opportunities
#17
Patty Ines Ojeda, Areeba Kara
OBJECTIVES: The period following discharge from the hospital is one of heightened vulnerability. Discharge instructions serve as a guide during this transition. Yet, clinicians receive little feedback on the quality of this document that ties into the patients' experience. We reviewed the issues voiced by discharged patients via a call-back program and compared them to the discharge instructions they had received. METHODS: At our institution, patients receive an automated call forty-eight hours following discharge inquiring about progress...
November 7, 2017: Hospital Practice (Minneapolis)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106446/funimagej-a-lisp-framework-for-scientific-image-processing
#18
Kyle I S Harrington, Curtis T Rueden, Kevin W Eliceiri
Summary: FunImageJ is a Lisp framework for scientific image processing built upon the ImageJ software ecosystem. The framework provides a natural functional-style for programming, while accounting for the performance requirements necessary in big data processing commonly encountered in biological image analysis. Availability: Freely available plugin to Fiji (http://fiji.sc/#download). Installation and use instructions available at (http://imagej.net/FunImageJ). Contact: kharrington@uidaho...
November 2, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106306/assessing-the-value-of-the-meaningful-use-clinical-summary-for-patients-and-families-with-pediatric-asthma
#19
Karen Colorafi, Lee Moua, Michele Shaw, David Ricker, Julie Postma
Electronic clinical summaries are innovations supported by the Electronic Health Record Incentive Program, known as "Meaningful Use" (MU). The MU clinical summary documents the shared understanding of the plan of care for patients and assists families in managing asthma-related health care. The purpose of this analysis was to identify the communicative value of the summaries to patients and families. Readability measurements, content analysis, and descriptive statistics were employed in a review of twenty clinical summaries and compared with provider encounter notes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104385/implementation-of-game-based-oral-health-education-vs-conventional-oral-health-education-on-children-s-oral-health-related-knowledge-and-oral-hygiene-status
#20
Azhar Malik, Sumit Sabharwal, Aina Kumar, Praveen Singh Samant, Abishek Singh, Vineet Kumar Pandey
Introduction: For the prevention of oral health problems, health education of schoolchildren has a vital role. The oral health status of the children can be improved if health promotion in schools is conducted in a comprehensive and interesting manner. Objective: Effectivity of game-based oral health education over conventional on the oral health-related knowledge and oral hygiene status among 8- to 12-year-old schoolchildren. Materials and methods: A total of 150 children aged 8 to 12 years were divided into two groups...
July 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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