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Programmed Instruction

David J Berkoff, Kamesh Krishnamurthy, Jennifer Hopp, Laura Stanley, Ken Spores, David Braunreiter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The accurate performance of physical therapy exercises can be difficult. In this evolving healthcare climate it is important to continually look for better methods to educate patients. The use of handouts, in-person demonstration, and video instruction are all potential avenues used to teach proper exercise form. The purpose of this study was to examine if a corrected error video (CEV) would be as effective as a single visit with a physical therapist (PT) to teach healthy subjects how to properly perform four different shoulder rehabilitation exercises...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Dawn P Gill, Wendy Blunt, Ashleigh De Cruz, Brendan Riggin, Kate Hunt, Guangyong Zou, Shannon Sibbald, Karen Danylchuk, Merrick Zwarenstein, Cindy M Gray, Sally Wyke, Christopher Bunn, Robert J Petrella
BACKGROUND: Effective approaches that engage men in weight loss and lifestyle change are important because of worldwide increases, including in Canada, in obesity and chronic diseases. Football Fans in Training (FFIT), developed in Scotland, successfully tackled these problems by engaging overweight/obese male football fans in sustained weight loss and positive health behaviours, through program deliveries at professional football stadia. METHODS: Aims: 1) Adapt FFIT to hockey within the Canadian context and integrate with HealtheSteps™ (evidence-based lifestyle program) to develop Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT); 2) Explore potential for Hockey FIT to help overweight/obese men lose weight and improve other outcomes by 12 weeks, and retain these improvements to 12 months; 3) Evaluate feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight/obese men; 4) Evaluate acceptability of Hockey FIT; and 5) Conduct program optimization via a process evaluation...
October 19, 2016: BMC Public Health
Yutaka Imai
It has been confirmed that clinical significance of home blood pressure measurements (HBPM) is higher than clinic BP measurements and ambulatory BP monitoring. However, several drawbacks of HBPM have also been mentioned, e.g. selection and reporting biases, difficulties of calculation of multiple measurements, difficulties of onsite judgement of numerous recordings, etc. Recent devices for HBPM incorporate memory function. This function can overcome such drawbacks of HBPM. These memorized data can transmit, storage, retrieve, be arithmetic and control, be judged based on algorithm and be got feedback...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Levon Kocharyan, Lilit Baghdasaryan
OBJECTIVE: About 40% of adult population suffers from arterial hypertension and its complications are in the leading places among overall and cerebrovascular mortality. Despite the broad range of available medications and its combinations, less than half of the patients have adequately controlled blood pressure worldwide. And arterial hypertension has a great social and economic impact. Our goal was to create a program which will give an opportunity for long term control of arterial hypertension and closer follow up...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Teresa A Treat, Erin K Church, Richard J Viken
Contemporary models of male-initiated sexual aggression toward female acquaintances implicate misperception of women's sexual interest. This study investigated the effects of gender, rape-supportive attitudes and an instructional manipulation on college students' sexual-interest judgments. Two hundred seventy-six women and 220 men judged the cues of momentary sexual interest expressed by photographed women; half received instruction on the differential validity of nonverbal cues of sexual interest for estimation of women's momentary sexual interest...
October 17, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Kathryn E Bangs, Katherine S Binder
Adult Basic Education programs are under pressure to develop and deliver instruction that promotes rapid and sustained literacy development. We describe a novel approach to a literacy intervention that focuses on morphemes, which are the smallest meaningful units contained in words. We argue that if you teach learners that big words are comprised of smaller components (i.e., morphemes), you will provide those students with the skills to figure out the meanings of new words. Research with children has demonstrated that teaching them about morphemes improves word recognition, spelling, vocabulary, and comprehension (Bowers & Kirby, 2009; Kirk & Gillon, 2009; Nunes, Bryant, & Olsson, 2003)...
2016: Journal of Research and Practice for Adult Literacy, Secondary, and Basic Education
Gerald Kayingo, Owais Gilani, Vasco Deon Kidd, Mary L Warner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transformation of primary care (PC) training sites into patient-centered medical homes (PCMH) has implications for the education of health professionals. This study investigates the extent to which physician assistant (PA) students report learning about the PCMH model and how clinical exposure to PCMH might impact their interest in a primary care career. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to second-year PA students who had recently completed their PC rotation from 12 PA programs...
October 2016: Family Medicine
Janet A Levey
AIM: The purpose of the study was to examine the characteristics and relationships of nurse educators' teaching practices, knowledge, support, and willingness to adopt inclusive teaching strategies (WillAdITS). BACKGROUND: Adopting more inclusive teaching strategies based on universal design for instruction is an innovative way for educators to reach today's diverse student body. However, the pedagogy has not diffused into nursing education. METHOD: Descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression were used for analyzing data from 311 nurse educators in prelicensure and RN to BSN programs...
July 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Luz A Padilla, Renee A Desmond, C Michael Brooks, John W Waterbor
A key outcome measure of cancer research training programs is the number of cancer-related peer-reviewed publications after training. Because program graduates do not routinely report their publications, staff must periodically conduct electronic literature searches on each graduate. The purpose of this study is to compare findings of an innovative computer-based automated search program versus repeated manual literature searches to identify post-training peer-reviewed publications. In late 2014, manual searches for publications by former R25 students identified 232 cancer-related articles published by 112 of 543 program graduates...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Julie D Slade, Meigan Robb, Brad Sherrod, Diane Hunker
Adjunct faculty are being used more frequently to meet the instructional and practice experience needs of growing nursing program cohorts. While most adjunct faculty tend to have clinical expertise, many lack formal training in online instruction. This article describes how faculty used technology to develop and implement a faculty support site to provide ongoing orientation and encourage informal mentoring relationships for online adjunct faculty.
October 6, 2016: Nurse Educator
Julia A Wolfson, Shannon Frattaroli, Sara N Bleich, Katherine Clegg Smith, Stephen P Teret
Declines in cooking skills in the United States may contribute to poor diet quality and high obesity rates. Little is known about how Americans learn to cook or their support for cooking education policies. The objective of this study was to examine how Americans learn to cook, attributions of responsibility for teaching children how to cook, and public support for policies to teach cooking skills. We used a concurrent, triangulation mixed-methods design that combined qualitative focus group data (from 7 focus groups in Baltimore, MD (N = 53)) with quantitative survey data from a nationally representative, web-based survey (N = 1112)...
October 5, 2016: Appetite
Colleen A McGourty, David Akopian, Carolyn Walsh, Amita Gorur, Achim Werner, Randy Schekman, Diana Bautista, Michael Rape
The ubiquitin ligase CUL3 is an essential regulator of neural crest specification whose aberrant activation has been linked to autism, schizophrenia, and hypertension. CUL3 exerts its roles by pairing with ∼90 distinct substrate adaptors, yet how the different CUL3-complexes are activated is poorly understood. Here, we show that CUL3 and its adaptor KLHL12 require two calcium-binding proteins, PEF1 and ALG2, for recognition of their substrate SEC31. PEF1 and ALG2 form a target-specific co-adaptor that translates a transient rise in cytosolic calcium levels into more persistent SEC31 ubiquitylation, which in turn triggers formation of large COPII coats and promotes collagen secretion...
October 6, 2016: Cell
Jan J W van der Burg, Jody Sohier, Peter H Jongerius
In this case series (n = 10) with a non-concurrent multiple baseline design, a self-management program was shown to be effective during inpatient training in eight participants with oral-motor problems and normal intelligence or mild intellectual disabilities. They were taught to perform a self-management routine and to remain dry for increasing time intervals. In addition, the program provided differential (self-) reinforcement of swallowing, controlling and wiping behavior, explicit formulation of motivational factors, instruction and feedback for parents and teachers, and continued practice after discharge...
October 7, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
Jaysson T Brooks, Jay S Reidler, Amit Jain, Dawn M LaPorte, Robert S Sterling
BACKGROUND: Post-interview communication from residency programs to applicants is common during the U.S. residency match process. The goals of this study were to understand the frequency and type of post-interview communication, how this communication influences applicants' ranking of programs, whether programs use "second-look" visits to gauge or to encourage applicant interest, and the financial costs to applicants of second-look visits. METHODS: A post-match survey was sent to 1,198 applicants to one academic orthopaedic residency program over 2 years...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Lauren Arnesen, Pablo Durán, Juan Silva, Luisa Brumana
Objective To consolidate available information from the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region on 1) national incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and 2) national-level government inputs on ROP (existing national policies, guidelines, programs, and financing for ROP prevention, detection, and treatment, including ROP screening) in 2014. Methods In March and April 2015, a multi-country online survey was distributed to 56 medical and public health experts working on ROP in LAC countries. Respondents were instructed to provide quantitative and qualitative information representative of the national situation in 2014 for ROP incidence and national-level government inputs (existing national policies, guidelines, programs, and financing for ROP prevention, detection, and treatment, including ROP screening) in their country...
June 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Tom Cariveau, Tiffany Kodak
Low levels of academic engagement may impede students' acquisition of skills. Intervening on student behavior using group contingencies may be a feasible way to increase academic engagement during group instruction. The current study examined the effect of a randomized dependent group contingency on levels of academic engagement for second-grade participants receiving small-group reading and writing instruction. The results showed that a randomized dependent group contingency increased the academic engagement of primary participants and several of the other participants during small-group instruction...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
Otto K-W Cheung, Alfred S-L Cheng
Liver cancer is the third most common cancer type and the second leading cause of deaths in men. Large population studies have demonstrated remarkable gender disparities in the incidence and the cumulative risk of liver cancer. A number of emerging risk factors regarding metabolic alterations associated with obesity, diabetes and dyslipidemia have been ascribed to the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) and ultimately liver cancer. The deregulation of fat metabolism derived from excessive insulin, glucose, and lipid promotes cancer-causing inflammatory signaling and oxidative stress, which eventually triggers the uncontrolled hepatocellular proliferation...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
Sedighe Sadat Hashemikamangar, Farnoosh Yazdanpanah, Mansoore Mirzaii, Reza Yazdani, Mohammad Javad Karazifard, Esmaeil Yasini
The efficacy of methods like e-learning as a supplement to traditional face-to-face instruction needs to be evaluated in dental courses. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of posting case presentations on one of the educational websites of  the virtual school of Tehran University of Medical Sciences called "SARMAD" to enhance the ability of senior dental students to diagnose tooth discolorations and offer treatment plans. This experimental study had a pre-test/post-test control group design and was conducted on 63 senior dental students...
August 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
William P Fisher, A Jackson Stenner
Huge resources are invested in metrology and standards in the natural sciences, engineering, and across a wide range of commercial technologies. Significant positive returns of human, social, environmental, and economic value on these investments have been sustained for decades. Proven methods for calibrating test and survey instruments in linear units are readily available, as are data- and theory-based methods for equating those instruments to a shared unit. Using these methods, metrological traceability is obtained in a variety of commercially available elementary and secondary English and Spanish language reading education programs in the U...
October 2016: Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Ran Afik, Ehud Zigmond, Milena Vugman, Mordehay Klepfish, Elee Shimshoni, Metsada Pasmanik-Chor, Anjana Shenoy, Elad Bassat, Zamir Halpern, Tamar Geiger, Irit Sagi, Chen Varol
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) promote tumor development, invasion, and dissemination by various mechanisms. In this study, using an orthotopic colorectal cancer (CRC) model, we found that monocyte-derived TAMs advance tumor development by the remodeling of its extracellular matrix (ECM) composition and structure. Unbiased transcriptomic and proteomic analyses of (a) TAM-abundant and -deficient tumor tissues and (b) sorted tumor-associated and -resident colonic macrophage subpopulations defined a distinct TAM-induced ECM molecular signature composed of an ensemble of matricellular proteins and remodeling enzymes they provide to the tumor microenvironment...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Experimental Medicine
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