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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785635/self-monitoring-physical-activity-with-a-smartphone-application-in-cancer-patients-a-randomized-feasibility-study-smart-trial
#1
Harm L Ormel, Gabriela G F van der Schoot, Nico-Derk L Westerink, Wim J Sluiter, Jourik A Gietema, Annemiek M E Walenkamp
PURPOSE: Evidence accumulates that an active lifestyle positively influences cancer treatment outcome. A "smartphone application" (app) such as "RunKeeper," to self-monitor physical activity (PA) might be helpful. This study aimed to examine whether using RunKeeper to increase self-reported PA is feasible in cancer patients and to evaluate patients' opinion about using RunKeeper in a 12-week program. METHODS: Adult patients (n = 32), diagnosed with cancer, were randomized between usual care (n = 16) or a 12-week intervention with instructions to self-monitor PA with RunKeeper (n = 16)...
May 21, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782615/feasibility-study-applying-a-parametric-model-as-the-design-generator-for-3d-printed-orthosis-for-fracture-immobilization
#2
Jianyou Li, Hiroya Tanaka
Background: Applying 3D printing technology for the fabrication of custom-made orthoses provides significant advantages, including increased ventilation and lighter weights. Currently, the design of such orthoses is most often performed in the CAD environment, but creating the orthosis model is a time-consuming process that requires significant CAD experience. This skill gap limits clinicians from applying this technology in fracture treatment. The purpose of this study is to develop a parametric model as the design generator for 3D-printed orthoses for an inexperienced CAD user and to evaluate its feasibility and ease of use via a training and design exercise...
2018: 3D printing in medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781906/cosmetic-dermatology-training-during-residency-outcomes-of-a-resident-reported-survey
#3
Amanda Champlain, Jeave Reserva, Kirsten Webb, Dana Griffin, Lauren Moy, Cara Joyce, Dee Anna Glaser, Naomi Lawrence, Kachiu C Lee, Diana D Antonovich, David M Duffy, Jenny Kim, David Ozog, Joseph Sobanko, Murad Alam, Rebecca C Tung
BACKGROUND: As the demand for cosmetic treatments increases, it is important for dermatology residents to be educated about and achieve proficiency in dermatologic cosmetic procedures. OBJECTIVE: To assess dermatology residents' educational exposure to cosmetic dermatology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous 18-question survey was sent electronically to 1,266 dermatology residents requesting information about cosmetic dermatology training during residency...
May 16, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779941/the-epigenetic-state-of-prdm16-regulated-enhancers-in-radial-glia-controls-cortical-neuron-position
#4
José-Manuel Baizabal, Meeta Mistry, Miguel Turrero García, Nicolás Gómez, Olubusola Olukoya, Diana Tran, Matthew B Johnson, Christopher A Walsh, Corey C Harwell
The epigenetic landscape is dynamically remodeled during neurogenesis. However, it is not understood how chromatin modifications in neural stem cells instruct the formation of complex structures in the brain. We report that the histone methyltransferase PRDM16 is required in radial glia to regulate lineage-autonomous and stage-specific gene expression programs that control number and position of upper layer cortical projection neurons. PRDM16 regulates the epigenetic state of transcriptional enhancers to activate genes involved in intermediate progenitor cell production and repress genes involved in cell migration...
May 15, 2018: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#5
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776861/acceptability-and-functionality-of-the-kettle-strap-an-attempt-to-decrease-kettle-related-burns-in-children
#6
Obakeng Makhubalo, Dorothy Schulman, Heinz Rode, Sharon Cox
BACKGROUND: Extensive hot water burns (HWB) are common at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital (RCWMCH). The majority are caused by kettle scalds. These burn injuries usually affect toddlers living in poor socio-economic circumstances. The majority of these injuries are preventable. AIM: This trial aims to demonstrate the acceptability and functionality of the Kettle Strap as a kettle safety device. The feedback will be used for a public awareness program marketed by the Child Accident Prevention Foundation of Southern Africa and ChildSafe as part of their mandate to reduce kettle related thermal injuries...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775577/caspase-3-regulates-yap-dependent-cell-proliferation-and-organ-size
#7
Yahav Yosefzon, Despina Soteriou, Alona Feldman, Lana Kostic, Elle Koren, Samara Brown, Roi Ankawa, Egor Sedov, Fabian Glaser, Yaron Fuchs
Apoptosis culminates in the activation of caspase-3, which plays an important role in implementing the cell death program. Here, we reveal a non-apoptotic role of caspase-3 as a key regulator of cell proliferation and organ size. Caspase-3 is specifically activated in the proliferating cells of the sebaceous gland, but does not instruct cell elimination. Deletion or chemical inhibition of caspase-3 diminishes cell proliferation, decreases cell number and reduces sebaceous gland size in vivo. Exploring the underlying mechanism, we demonstrate that α-catenin is cleaved by caspase-3, thus facilitating the activation and nuclear translocation of yes-associated protein (YAP), a vital regulator of organ size...
May 17, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774162/a-large-proportion-of-fecal-immunochemical-test-positive-participants-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-is-symptomatic
#8
Clasine M de Klerk, Manon van der Vlugt, Patrick M Bossuyt, Evelien Dekker
Background: Symptomatic invitees are advised not to participate in colorectal cancer (CRC) screening but to directly consult their general practitioner (GP), because fecal immunochemical test (FIT) sensitivity for cancer is not optimal. This recommendation may not always be followed in daily practice. We evaluated how many FIT-positive participants had CRC-related symptoms and whether the presence of symptoms was associated with the presence and location of CRC/advanced neoplasia. Methods: We prospectively collected data on CRC-related symptoms in all FIT-positive participants in the Dutch CRC screening program, referred to our endoscopy centers between 2014 and 2016, and evaluated whether symptoms were associated with detected CRC/advanced neoplasia at colonoscopy...
April 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767821/formative-research-on-knowledge-and-preferences-for-stool-based-tests-compared-to-colonoscopy-what-patients-and-providers-think
#9
John S Luque, Kristin Wallace, Bridgette F Blankenship, Lydia G Roos, Frank G Berger, Nancy R LaPelle, Cathy L Melvin
The rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in the U.S. remain below national targets, so many people at risk are not being screened. The objective of this qualitative research project was to assess patient and provider knowledge and preferences about CRC screening modalities and specifically the use of the fecal immunochemical test (FIT) as a first line screening choice. Nine focus groups were conducted with a medically underserved patient population and qualitative interviews were administered to their medical providers...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766036/simulation-based-airway-management-training-for-anesthesiologists-a-brief-review-of-its-essential-role-in-skills-training-for-clinical-competency
#10
Nobuyasu Komasawa, Benjamin W Berg
In clinical practice, failure of proper airway management can lead to significant patient morbidity and mortality. Difficult airway management comprises a fundamental skill set for anesthesiologists and has long been recognized as one of the most challenging skills. Simulation-based training is an essential technique to establish and maintain technical and nontechnical skills for airway management. We review the evidence-based utility of simulation-based training for anesthesiologists to accquire technical and nontechnical airway mangement skills...
October 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757679/teaching-slaughter-mapping-changes-in-emotions-in-veterinary-students-during-training-in-humane-slaughter
#11
Michiel H Hulsbergen, Petra Y Dop, Johannes C M Vernooij, Sara A Burt
As part of their training, Dutch veterinary students learn how to carry out the humane slaughter of livestock, which many students consider emotionally challenging. The aims of this study were to plot changes in self-reported emotions in veterinary students at different time points during an educational program on humane slaughter using emotion cards and to assess the change in reported emotions after adding a video and a short period of self-reflection to the program. Emotions were mapped in five groups of students at the beginning, middle, and end of the program by asking them to select from 40 cards depicting emotions in photo and text...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750827/self-cannulation-of-the-vascular-access-in-home-hemodialysis-overcoming-patient-level-barriers
#12
Frank L Ward, Rose Faratro, Rory F McQuillan
Patients with end-stage kidney disease who are considering home hemodialysis (HHD) face the challenge of learning to self-cannulate their arteriovenous access. Current practice discourages the use of tunneled central venous catheters, with recent indications that self-cannulating patients have superior outcomes. Patient-level barriers do not appear to preclude a successful HHD program and should not be viewed as insurmountable by healthcare staff or patients. The healthcare team must address patient fears while instructing the patient to perform self-cannulation safely...
May 11, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747957/home-exercise-childhood-obesity-intervention-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-print-versus-web-based-move-it-platforms
#13
Alejandro Bruñó, Patricia Escobar, Ausias Cebolla, Julio Álvarez-Pitti, Jaime Guixeres, Empar Lurbe, Rosa Baños, Juan F Lisón
PURPOSE: To compare the impact of adhering to a Mediterranean diet plus mixed physical exercise program (Move-It) implemented by means of printed instructions or via a web-platform (with or without e-mail support) on body composition, physical fitness, and blood pressure. DESIGN AND METHODS: Randomized clinical trial. Fifty-two overweight or obese Spanish children and adolescents were randomly assigned to the print-based (n = 18), Move-It (n = 18), or Move-It plus support (n = 16) intervention groups...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746984/recognition-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-during-emergency-calls-and-public-awareness-of-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-communities-a-multilevel-analysis
#14
Sun Young Lee, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Jeong Hong, Jeong Ho Park, So Yeon Kong
BACKGROUND: For an effective dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) program, recognition of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by a dispatcher is the first step in initiating bystander CPR. This study evaluated whether CPR awareness in the community is associated with recognition of arrest, dispatcher-provided CPR instructions, and bystander CPR. METHODS: All emergency medical services (EMS)-treated adult OHCAs with cardiac etiology were enrolled between 2013 and 2015, excluding cases witnessed by EMS providers...
May 7, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746263/the-effect-of-uncertainty-management-program-on-quality-of-life-among-vietnamese-women-at-3-weeks-postmastectomy
#15
Xuan Thi Nhu Ha, Sureeporn Thanasilp, Ratsiri Thato
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, breast cancer is a top contributor to cancer-related deaths in women. Evidence shows that, after mastectomy, women in Vietnam have a lower quality of life than women in other countries. In addition, high uncertainty is a predictor of low quality of life postmastectomy. Therefore, if nurses can manage uncertainty, the quality of life postmastectomy can improve. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of the Uncertainty Management Program (UMP) on quality of life at 3 weeks postmastectomy in Vietnamese women...
May 10, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746221/interprofessional-population-health-advocacy-developing-and-implementing-a-panel-management-curriculum-in-five-veterans-administration-primary-care-practices
#16
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739843/dental-hygiene-students-clinical-skill-acquisition-activity-theory-and-the-use-of-videos
#17
Sally N Lockwood, Sharon M Compton, Jacqueline L Green, Kari Rasmussen
Purpose: Entry-level students in dental hygiene programs have already demonstrated a level of academic success; however they often struggle with the acquisition of psychomotor skills. Recognizing that traditional course materials were not addressing the needs of entry level dental hygiene students, instructional videos were produced to demonstrate clinical skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate students' perception of instructional videos and their impact on the learning environment in regards to students' experiences of skills acquisition...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739735/effectiveness-of-a-blended-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-patients-with-moderate-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-parasol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Paula Elisabeth van Westrienen, Martijn F Pisters, Suze Aj Toonders, Marloes Gerrits, Cindy Veenhof, Niek J de Wit
BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained physical symptoms are an important health problem in primary care, with a spectrum from mild to chronic. The burden of chronic medically unexplained physical symptoms is substantial for patients, health care professionals, and society. Therefore, early identification of patients with moderate medically unexplained physical symptoms is needed in order to prevent chronicity. The preventive screening of medically unexplained physical symptoms (PRESUME) screening method was developed using data from the electronic medical record of the patients' general practitioner and demonstrated its prognostic accuracy to identify patients with moderate medically unexplained physical symptoms...
May 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738517/distributed-power-allocation-for-wireless-sensor-network-localization-a-potential-game-approach
#19
Mingxing Ke, Ding Li, Shiwei Tian, Yuli Zhang, Kaixiang Tong, Yuhua Xu
The problem of distributed power allocation in wireless sensor network (WSN) localization systems is investigated in this paper, using the game theoretic approach. Existing research focuses on the minimization of the localization errors of individual agent nodes over all anchor nodes subject to power budgets. When the service area and the distribution of target nodes are considered, finding the optimal trade-off between localization accuracy and power consumption is a new critical task. To cope with this issue, we propose a power allocation game where each anchor node minimizes the square position error bound (SPEB) of the service area penalized by its individual power...
May 8, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735473/exercise-therapy-interventions-in-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis-comparison-of-the-effects-of-dvd-and-website-based-interventions
#20
Yuko Uesugi, Junichiro Koyanagi, Keishi Takagi, Ryota Yamaguchi, Shinya Hayashi, Takashi Nishii
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of developmental hip dysplasia is high in Japan. Exercise therapy has been proven effective to treat certain aspects of hip osteoarthritis. Moreover, therapy provided via digital video discs (DVDs) and websites allows patients to exercise in the comfort of their own homes. However, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness of visual instructions in patients with hip disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of exercise therapy administered via DVD and that administered via a website...
May 7, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
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