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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431533/effect-of-a-16-week-bikram-yoga-program-on-heart-rate-variability-and-associated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-stressed-and-sedentary-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Zoe L Hewett, Kate L Pumpa, Caroline A Smith, Paul P Fahey, Birinder S Cheema
BACKGROUND: Chronic activation of the stress-response can contribute to cardiovascular disease risk, particularly in sedentary individuals. This study investigated the effect of a Bikram yoga intervention on the high frequency power component of heart rate variability (HRV) and associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors (i.e. additional domains of HRV, hemodynamic, hematologic, anthropometric and body composition outcome measures) in stressed and sedentary adults. METHODS: Eligible adults were randomized to an experimental group (n = 29) or a no treatment control group (n = 34)...
April 21, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428332/education-in-nephrology-fellowship-a-survey-based-needs-assessment
#2
Robert W Rope, Kurtis A Pivert, Mark G Parker, Stephen M Sozio, Sylvia Bereknyei Merell
Educational needs assessments for nephrology fellowship training are limited. This study assessed fellows' perceptions of current educational needs and interest in novel modalities that may improve their educational experience and quantified educational resources used by programs and fellows. We distributed a seven-question electronic survey to all United States-based fellows receiving complimentary American Society of Nephrology (ASN) membership at the end of the 2015-2016 academic year in conjunction with the ASN Nephrology Fellows Survey...
April 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#3
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420604/a-digital-tool-to-promote-alcohol-and-drug-use-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-skill-translation-a-mobile-app-development-and-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#4
Derek D Satre, Khanh Ly, Maria Wamsley, Alexa Curtis, Jason Satterfield
BACKGROUND: Translation of knowledge and skills from classroom settings to clinical practice is a major challenge in healthcare training, especially for behavioral interventions. For example, screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a highly-promoted approach to identifying and treating individuals at risk for alcohol or drug problems, yet effective, routine use of SBIRT has lagged. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to describe the development, pilot testing, and trial protocol of a mobile app based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) to promote SBIRT skill translation and application...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419385/development-and-feasibility-of-a-group-based-therapeutic-yoga-program-for-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#5
Alison J Huang, Tami S Rowen, Priscilla Abercrombie, Leslee L Subak, Michael Schembri, Traci Plaut, Maria T Chao
Objective.:  To develop a group-based therapeutic yoga program for women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and explore the effects of this program on pain severity, sexual function, and well-being. Methods.:  A yoga therapy program for CPP was developed by a multidisciplinary panel of clinicians, researchers, and yoga consultants. Women reporting moderate to severe pelvic pain for at least six months were recruited into a single-arm trial. Participants attended twice weekly group classes focusing on Iyengar-based yoga techniques and were instructed to practice yoga at home an hour a week for six weeks...
April 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419032/formal-physical-therapy-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-is-not-required-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Matthew S Austin, Brian T Urbani, Andrew N Fleischman, Navin D Fernando, James J Purtill, William J Hozack, Javad Parvizi, Richard H Rothman
BACKGROUND: The value of formal physical therapy after total hip arthroplasty is unknown. With substantial changes that have occurred in surgical and anesthesia techniques, self-directed therapy may be efficacious in restoring function to patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, randomized trial of 120 patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty who were eligible for direct home discharge. The experimental group followed a self-directed home exercise program for 10 weeks...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417670/case-logging-practices-in-otolaryngology-residency-training-national-survey-of-residents-and-program-directors
#7
Sarah M Dermody, William Gao, Johnathan D McGinn, Sonya Malekzadeh
Objective (1) Evaluate the consistency and manner in which otolaryngology residents log surgical cases. (2) Assess the extent of instruction and guidance provided by program directors on case-logging practices. Study Design Cross-sectional national survey. Setting Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education otolaryngology residency programs in the United States. Subjects and Methods US otolaryngology residents, postgraduate year 2 through graduating chiefs as of July 2016, were recruited to respond to an anonymous questionnaire designed to characterize surgical case-logging practices...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406656/is-pre-k-classroom-quality-associated-with-kindergarten-and-middle-school-academic-skills
#8
Sara Anderson, Deborah Phillips
We employed data from a longitudinal investigation of over 1,000 children who participated in Tulsa's universal school-based pre-K program in 2005, and path modeling techniques, to examine the contribution of pre-K classroom quality to both kindergarten- and middle-school academic skills. We also examined gender and income-related differences in quality-outcome associations. Both Instructional and Emotional Support in pre-K classrooms, but not Classroom Management, assessed with the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS), were associated with kindergarten academic skills and, modestly indirectly associated through these immediate impacts, to middle-school test scores...
April 13, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401417/effect-of-a-comprehensive-health-education-program-on-pre-hospital-delay-intentions-in-high-risk-stroke-population-and-caregivers
#9
Li Yang, Qiuli Zhao, Xuemei Zhu, Xiaoying Shen, Yulan Zhu, Liu Yang, Wei Gao, Minghui Li
OBJECTIVE: Many factors influence pre-hospital delays in the event of stroke. This study aimed to develop and evaluate a comprehensive educational program for decreasing pre-hospital delays in high-risk stroke population. METHODS: We enrolled 220 high-risk stroke population and caregivers from six urban communities in Harbin from May 2013 to May 2015, and randomly divided them into intervention and control groups. We implemented a comprehensive educational program (intervention group), comprising public lectures, instructional brochures, case videos, simulations, and role-playing from May 2013 to May 2015...
April 11, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395308/evaluation-of-a-training-program-to-reduce-stressful-trunk-postures-in-the-nursing-professions-a-pilot-study
#10
Agnessa Kozak, Sonja Freitag, Albert Nienhaus
Objectives: The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate metrologically the effectiveness of a training program on the reduction of stressful trunk postures in geriatric nursing professions. Methods: A training program, consisting of instruction on body postures in nursing, practical ergonomic work methods at the bedside or in the bathroom, reorganization of work equipment, and physical exercises, was conducted in 12 wards of 6 nursing homes in Germany. The Computer-Assisted Recording and Long-Term Analysis of Musculoskeletal Loads (CUELA) measurement system was used to evaluate all movements and trunk postures adopted during work before and 6 months after the training program...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389911/the-effects-of-integrated-nursing-education-on-quality-of-life-and-health-related-outcomes-among-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-receiving-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#11
Shui-Tao Hu, Chung-Chieh Yu, Chieh-Yu Liu, Lee-Ing Tsao
PURPOSE: This study sought to examine the effects of a nursing education program on quality of life and sleep disturbance among obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients receiving continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial with an intervention group consisting of a nursing education program. The intervention group received the instruction of the CPAP nursing education program, and the control group received routine care...
April 7, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389724/effectiveness-of-hip-external-rotator-strengthening-exercise-in-korean-postural-bowleg-women
#12
Seong Hoon Park, Jun Won Lee, Joo Hyun Kim, Kyoung Seok Tak, Byeong Ho Lee, In Suck Suh
Postural bowleg is a subclinical entity with both aesthetic and functional outcomes and appears to be common in East Asian countries. Internal rotation of the hip joint is associated with varus alignment at the knee joint of the bowleg. Strengthening exercise for the hip external rotator muscles seems to be effective in improving varus alignment of bowleg, but no standardized exercise program exists. A standardized active resistance strengthening exercise for hip external rotator muscles could improve varus alignment of the lower limb in bowlegged Korean women...
April 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389133/feasibility-study-effect-of-hand-resistance-exercise-on-handwriting-in-parkinson-s-disease-and-essential-tremor
#13
Mon S Bryant, Craig D Workman, Fariha Jamal, Hao Meng, George R Jackson
STUDY DESIGN: A single group, repeated measures design was used. INTRODUCTION: Tremor can lead to impaired hand function in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and essential tremor (ET). Difficulty with handwriting is a common complaint in these patients suffering from hand tremors. The effect of hand resistance exercise on handwriting is unknown. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To explore the influence of 6 weeks of home-based hand resistance exercise on handwriting in individuals with PD and ET...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386786/compliance-and-safety-of-a-novel-home-exercise-program-for-patients-with-high-grade-brain-tumors-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Jennifer Baima, Zehra B Omer, John Varlotto, Shakeeb Yunus
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate compliance with and safety of a novel independent home exercise program for patients with high-grade brain tumors. We designed this program around the preferences and individual capabilities of this population as well as the potential barriers to exercise in cancer patients. Demographics were collected to better understand those that persisted with exercise. METHODS: Subjects with high-grade brain tumor received one-time training that included watching an exercise video and live demonstration of resistance band exercises, a balance exercise, and recommendations for walking...
April 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382673/association-of-school-characteristics-and-implementation-in-the-x-it-study-a-school-randomized-smoking-prevention-program
#15
Lotus S Bast, Pernille Due, Annette K Ersbøll, Mogens T Damsgaard, Anette Andersen
BACKGROUND: Assessment of implementation is essential for the evaluation of school-based preventive activities. Interventions are more easily implemented in schools if detailed instructional manuals, lesson plans, and materials are provided; however, implementation may also be affected by other factors than the intervention itself-for example, school-level characteristics, such as principal support and organizational capacity. We examined school-level characteristics of schools in groups of high, medium, and low implementation of a smoking prevention intervention...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378083/minor-laparoscopic-liver-resection-toward-1-day-surgery
#16
Nicola de'Angelis, Benjamin Menahem, Philippe Compagnon, Jean Claude Merle, Francesco Brunetti, Alain Luciani, Daniel Cherqui, Alexis Laurent
BACKGROUND: Technical advances in laparoscopy and enhanced recovery after surgery programs have progressively decreased the need for hospitalization. The present study aimed to explore the feasibility and safety of an early discharge protocol after minor laparoscopic liver resection (LLR). METHODS: The study sample consisted of patients with both benign and malignant hepatic lesions involving no more than two hepatic segments who underwent minor LLR and were discharged within 24 h...
April 4, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377684/data-day-to-day-building-a-community-of-expertise-to-address-data-skills-gaps-in-an-academic-medical-center
#17
Alisa Surkis, Fred Willie Zametkin LaPolla, Nicole Contaxis, Kevin B Read
BACKGROUND: The New York University Health Sciences Library data services team had developed educational material for research data management and data visualization and had been offering classes at the request of departments, research groups, and training programs, but many members of the medical center were unaware of these library data services. There were also indications of data skills gaps in these subject areas and other data-related topics. CASE PRESENTATION: The data services team enlisted instructors from across the medical center with data expertise to teach in a series of classes hosted by the library...
April 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376972/family-menu-planning-workshop-a-pilot-study-on-the-feasibility-of-adult-and-peer-led-instruction
#18
Cassandra J Nikolaus, Sharon M Nickols-Richardson
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the feasibility of a menu-planning workshop led by adults or by adolescents (ie, peers), delivered to parents and their adolescent children. METHODS: We randomly assigned a convenience sample of 15 parents and their 17 adolescent children to menu-planning workshops taught by either an adult or peer leader. We conducted process evaluation using workshop observations and participant perceptions. Parents and their adolescents completed questionnaires before and immediately after attending and 3- and 6-months after the workshop...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375886/unplanned-readmissions-following-outpatient-hand-and-elbow-surgery
#19
Mohamed Noureldin, Elizabeth B Habermann, Daniel S Ubl, Sanjeev Kakar
BACKGROUND: Unplanned readmission following surgery is a quality metric that helps surgeons assess initiatives targeted at improving patient care. We utilized the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database to determine the rates, causes, and predictors of unplanned 30-day readmissions after outpatient elective hand and elbow surgery. METHODS: The ACS-NSQIP database was queried using hand-and-elbow-specific Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes to retrospectively identify patients who had undergone outpatient hand or elbow surgery in 2012 and 2013...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375043/take-a-look-at-plant-dna-replication-recent-insights-and-new-questions
#20
Savannah D Savadel, Hank W Bass
Recent advances in replicative DNA labeling technology have allowed new ways to study DNA replication in living plants. Temporal and spatial aspects of DNA replication programs are believed to derive from genomic structure and function. Bass et al. (2015) recently visualized DNA synthesis using 3 D microscopy of nuclei at three sub-stages of S phase: early, middle and late. This addendum expands on that study by comparing plant and animal DNA replication patterns, by considering implications of the two-compartment model of euchromatin, and by exploring the meaning of the DNA labeling signals inside the nucleolus...
April 4, 2017: Plant Signaling & Behavior
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