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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323828/liquid-handling-lego-robots-and-experiments-for-stem-education-and-research
#1
Lukas C Gerber, Agnes Calasanz-Kaiser, Luke Hyman, Kateryna Voitiuk, Uday Patil, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
Liquid-handling robots have many applications for biotechnology and the life sciences, with increasing impact on everyday life. While playful robotics such as Lego Mindstorms significantly support education initiatives in mechatronics and programming, equivalent connections to the life sciences do not currently exist. To close this gap, we developed Lego-based pipetting robots that reliably handle liquid volumes from 1 ml down to the sub-μl range and that operate on standard laboratory plasticware, such as cuvettes and multiwell plates...
March 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319672/extremes-in-otolaryngology-resident-surgical-case-numbers-an-update
#2
Tiffany P Baugh, Christine B Franzese
Objectives The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of minimum case numbers on otolaryngology resident case log data and understand differences in minimum, mean, and maximum among certain procedures as a follow-up to a prior study. Study Design Cross-sectional survey using a national database. Setting Academic otolaryngology residency programs. Subjects and Methods Review of otolaryngology resident national data reports from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) resident case log system performed from 2004 to 2015...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319514/do-not-resuscitate-status-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-but-not-morbidity
#3
Elisa C Walsh, Ethan Y Brovman, Angela M Bader, Richard D Urman
BACKGROUND: Do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders instruct medical personnel to forego cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the event of cardiopulmonary arrest, but they do not preclude surgical management. Several studies have reported that DNR status is an independent predictor of 30-day mortality; however, the etiology of increased mortality remains unclear. We hypothesized that DNR patients would demonstrate increased postoperative mortality, but not morbidity, relative to non-DNR patients undergoing the same procedures...
March 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315145/educational-intervention-on-undergraduate-cancer-awareness-and-self-directed-learning
#4
Lih-Lian Hwang
Traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) can increase cancer awareness in undergraduates. However, because of the rapidly changing knowledge base in medicine, undergraduates must develop skills required for lifelong self-directed learning (SDL). Problem-based learning (PBL) has been suggested as an SDL approach. This study used a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design for comparing PBL and LBL for their effectiveness in increasing cancer awareness and SDL among nonmedicine or nonnursing major undergraduates in a health-related general education course...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306348/differences-in-dyslexic-students-before-and-after-a-remediation-program-a-clinical-neuropsychological-and-event-related-potential-study
#5
Nikolaos C Zygouris, Elias Avramidis, Argyris V Karapetsas, George I Stamoulis
Developmental dyslexia is defined as an unexpected specific and persistent failure to acquire efficient reading skills despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity. This article reports the outcomes of a study that evaluated the implementation of a 4-month intervention program. The intervention consisted of structured activities aiming at improving (a) the children's phonological awareness, (b) their visual and auditory memory, (c) their visual discrimination ability, and (d) their text comprehension...
March 17, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299561/america-competes-at-5%C3%A2-years-an-analysis-of-research-intensive-universities-rcr-training-plans
#6
Trisha Phillips, Franchesca Nestor, Gillian Beach, Elizabeth Heitman
This project evaluates the impact of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) policy to promote education in the responsible conduct of research (RCR). To determine whether this policy resulted in meaningful RCR educational experiences, our study examined the instructional plans developed by individual universities in response to the mandate. Using a sample of 108 U.S. institutions classified as Carnegie "very high research activity", we analyzed all publicly available NSF RCR training plans in light of the consensus best practices in RCR education that were known at the time the policy was implemented...
March 15, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294203/accuracy-and-reproducibility-of-four-cone-beam-computed-tomography-devices-using-3d-implant-planning-software
#7
Michael Stimmelmayr, Katharina Denk, Kurt Erdelt, Gerald Krennmair, Sonia Mansour, Florian Beuer, Jan-Frederik Güth
OBJECTIVE: To measure the deviations of four different cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) devices in three dimensions by means of a three-dimensional (3D) implant-planning program. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A master radiographic template with two vertical, two transverse, and two sagittal radiopaque markers was fabricated for a human dry skull. The lengths of the markers were measured with a high-precision caliper. The skull and the template were scanned in each of the four CBCT devices (1...
2017: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293328/launching-of-ijtmb-writing-mentorship-program
#8
EDITORIAL
Ann Blair Kennedy
Having a formalized mechanism for linking novice authors and experienced authors can assist budding writers. Scientific writing is a skill that many practitioners are not taught in school as this type of writing is not generally used in clinical practice. Many of the submissions to the Journal come from authors with a wealth of clinical experience but who lack scientific writing experience; moreover, while the information contained therein is interesting, the articles frequently require extensive re-writes/editing to attain a quality that is publishable...
March 2017: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292508/pharmacy-based-statewide-naloxone-distribution-a-novel-top-down-bottom-up-approach
#9
Kate J Morton, Brianna Harrand, Carly Cloud Floyd, Craig Schaefer, Julie Acosta, Bridget Claire Logan, Karen Clark
OBJECTIVE: To highlight New Mexico's multifaceted approach to widespread pharmacy naloxone distribution and to share the interventions as a tool for improving pharmacy-based naloxone practices in other states. SETTING: New Mexico had the second highest drug overdose death rate in 2014 of which 53% were related to prescription opioids. Opioid overdose death is preventable through the use of naloxone, a safe and effective medication that reverses the effects of prescription opioids and heroin...
March 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291494/military-emergency-medical-service-system-assessment-application-of-the-national-park-service-needs-assessment-and-program-audit-to-objectively-evaluate-the-military-ems-system-of-okinawa-japan
#10
Elliot M Ross, Stephen A Harper, Cord Cunningham, Benjamin D Walrath, Gerard DeMers, Chetan U Kharod
INTRODUCTION: As part of a Military Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system process improvement initiative, the authors sought to objectively evaluate the U.S. military EMS system for the island of Okinawa. They applied a program evaluation tool currently utilized by the U.S. National Park Service (NPS). METHODS: A comprehensive needs assessment was conducted to evaluate the current Military EMS system in Okinawa, Japan. The NPS EMS Program Audit Worksheet was used to get an overall "score" of our assessment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289827/correlation-of-prediction-and-actual-outcome-of-three-dimensional-simulation-in-breast-augmentation-using-a-cloud-based-program
#11
Joshua Vorstenbosch, Avi Islur
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation is among the most frequently performed cosmetic plastic surgeries. Providing patients with "realistic" 3D simulations of breast augmentation outcomes is becoming increasingly common. Until recently, such programs were costly and required significant equipment, training, and office space. New simple user-friendly cloud-based programs have been developed, but to date there remains a paucity of objective evidence comparing these 3D simulations with the post-operative outcomes...
March 13, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289302/use-of-entertainment-elements-in-an-online-video-mini-series-to-train-pharmacy-preceptors
#12
Craig D Cox, Jongpil Cheon, Steven M Crooks, Jaehoon Lee, Jacob D Curtis
Objective. To create an entertaining approach to training pharmacy preceptors. Design. A training program was developed to provide an innovative, entertaining, and flexible continuing education program for pharmacy preceptors. Three instructional design principles - providing an authentic context, offering a diversity of content, and engaging and maintaining attention - were foundational to this concept. The mini-series consisted of 12 online video episodes. Participants completed three reflective questions and one evaluation after watching each episode...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285242/psychophysiological-correlates-of-emotion-regulation-training-in-adolescent-anxiety-evidence-from-the-novel-pier-task
#13
Nele A J De Witte, Stefan Sütterlin, Caroline Braet, Sven C Mueller
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are the leading cause of mental illness in adolescence. While anxious adolescents show impairments in emotion processing and deficits in emotion regulation, few studies have attempted to improve emotion regulation within these populations. METHOD: This study used a multi-method design to test a newly developed emotion regulation training aimed at improving insight into emotions and instructing cognitive reappraisal. The efficacy of cognitive reappraisal was investigated in 27 clinically anxious youth (Age: M=12...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281378/faculty-experience-and-engagement-in-a-longitudinal-integrated-clerkship
#14
Sarah C Snow, Jennifer Gong, Jennifer E Adams
The authors sought to understand rewards and challenges of teaching third-year medical students in the University of Colorado School of Medicine (CUSOM) Denver Health Longitudinal Integrated Clerkship (DH-LIC) compared to teaching in rotation-based clerkships (RBCs). The authors considered implications for the recruitment and retention of faculty in clinical educational programs. Preceptors completed surveys at baseline and year-end. Of eligible faculty, 28 of 40 completed both baseline and year-end surveys...
March 10, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281158/mentoring-for-responsible-research-the-creation-of-a-curriculum-for-faculty-to-teach-rcr-in-the-research-environment
#15
Dena K Plemmons, Michael W Kalichman
Despite more than 25 years of a requirement for training in the responsible conduct of research (RCR), there is still little consensus about what such training should include, how it should be delivered, nor what constitutes "effectiveness" of such training. This lack of consensus on content, approaches and outcomes is evident in recent data showing high variability in the development and implementation of RCR instruction across universities and programs. If we accept that one of the primary aims of instruction in RCR/research ethics is "to foster a community of social responsibility" (Antes et al...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280897/3d-photogrammetric-analysis-of-the-nasal-tip-projection-and-derotation-based-on-the-nasal-tip-quadripod-concept
#16
Jong Woo Choi, Young Chul Suh, Shin Young Song, Woo Shik Jeong
BACKGROUND: Regarding septal fixation in nasal tip plasty, the nasal tip tripod theory may require modification. We performed three-dimensional (3D) photogrammetric analysis of the "Skiff graft," which is a quadripod method involving folded conchal cartilages fixated on the caudal septal angle, paired lateral crura reinforced by a derotational conchal cartilage graft, and conjoined medial crus on the columella base. We assessed the efficacy of the Skiff graft in maintaining tip projection and preventing cephalic rotation of the nasal tip...
March 9, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278210/sexual-learning-among-east-african-adolescents-in-the-context-of-generalized-hiv-epidemics-a-systematic-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#17
Amelia S Knopf, Kim R McNealy, Halima Al-Khattab, Lisa Carter-Harris, Ukamaka Marian Oruche, Violet Naanyu, Claire Burke Draucker
BACKGROUND: AIDS-related illness is the leading cause of mortality for adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Together, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda account for 21% of HIV-infected adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. The United Nations framework for addressing the epidemic among adolescents calls for comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education. These HIV prevention efforts could be informed by a synthesis of existing research about the formal and informal sexual education of adolescents in countries experiencing generalized epidemics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277816/sibling-self-management-programming-for-generalization-to-improve-interactions-between-typically-developing-siblings-and-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Lauren A Kryzak, Emily A Jones
The present study taught typically developing (TD) siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social-communicative and self-management skills. The authors' hypothesized that the acquisition of self-management skills would support generalization of targeted social-communicative responses. A multiple baseline probe design across sibling dyads was used to decrease exposure to unnecessary sessions in the absence of intervention. Four TD siblings were taught self-management of a social skills curriculum using behavioral skills training, which consisted of instructions, modeling, practice, and subsequent feedback...
March 9, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276960/effectiveness-of-a-self-regulated-remedial-program-for-handwriting-difficulties
#19
Hilde Van Waelvelde, Amy De Roubaix, Lien Steppe, Evy Troubleyn, Barbara De Mey, Griet Dewitte, Julie Debrabant, Dominique Van de Velde
BACKGROUND: Handwriting difficulties may have pervasive effects on a child's school performance. I Can! is a remedial handwriting program with a focus on self-regulated learning and applying motor learning principles combined with a behavioural approach. It is developed for typically developing children with handwriting problems. OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to evaluate the program's effectiveness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one children aged 7-8 year participated in a cross-over study...
March 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275937/-re-disclosing-physician-financial-interests-rebuilding-trust-or-making-unreasonable-burdens-on-physicians
#20
Daniel Sperling
Recent professional guidelines published by the General Medical Council instruct physicians in the UK to be honest and open in any financial agreements they have with their patients and third parties. These guidelines are in addition to a European policy addressing disclosure of physician financial interests in the industry. Similarly, In the US, a national open payments program as well as Federal regulations under the Affordable Care Act re-address the issue of disclosure of physician financial interests in America...
March 8, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
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