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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228652/acceptability-and-efficacy-of-interactive-short-message-service-intervention-in-improving-hiv-medication-adherence-in-chinese-antiretroviral-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-individuals
#1
Ye Ruan, Xueling Xiao, Jia Chen, Xianhong Li, Ann Bartley Williams, Honghong Wang
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the acceptability and efficacy of interactive short message service (SMS) in improving medication adherence in antiretroviral treatment (ART)-naïve individuals living with HIV/AIDS in Hengyang, Hunan, China. BACKGROUND: SMS via mobile phone has emerged as a potential tool for improving ART adherence. However, most studies used SMS only as a medication reminder, with few studies exploring the effect of comprehensive, interactive SMS...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228450/academic-outcomes-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects-a-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Matthew E Oster, Stephanie Watkins, Kevin D Hill, Jessica H Knight, Robert E Meyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies evaluating neurocognitive outcomes in children with congenital heart defects (CHD) have focused on high-risk patients or used specialized, resource-intensive testing. To determine the association of CHD with academic outcomes and compare outcomes according to the severity of CHD, we linked state educational records with a birth defects registry and birth certificates. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from the North Carolina Birth Defects Monitoring Program, North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, and North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services vital records...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218627/gata4-dependent-organ-specific-endothelial-differentiation-controls-liver-development-and-embryonic-hematopoiesis
#3
Cyrill Géraud, Philipp-Sebastian Koch, Johanna Zierow, Kay Klapproth, Katrin Busch, Victor Olsavszky, Thomas Leibing, Alexandra Demory, Friederike Ulbrich, Miriam Diett, Sandhya Singh, Carsten Sticht, Katja Breitkopf-Heinlein, Karsten Richter, Sanna-Maria Karppinen, Taina Pihlajaniemi, Bernd Arnold, Hans-Reimer Rodewald, Hellmut G Augustin, Kai Schledzewski, Sergij Goerdt
Microvascular endothelial cells (ECs) are increasingly recognized as organ-specific gatekeepers of their microenvironment. Microvascular ECs instruct neighboring cells in their organ-specific vascular niches through angiocrine factors, which include secreted growth factors (angiokines), extracellular matrix molecules, and transmembrane proteins. However, the molecular regulators that drive organ-specific microvascular transcriptional programs and thereby regulate angiodiversity are largely elusive. In contrast to other ECs, which form a continuous cell layer, liver sinusoidal ECs (LSECs) constitute discontinuous, permeable microvessels...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218591/explicit-or-hidden-exploring-how-occupation-is-taught-in-occupational-therapy-curricula-in-the-united-states
#4
Sheama Krishnagiri, Barb Hooper, Pollie Price, Steven D Taff, Andrea Bilics
OBJECTIVE: Occupation is considered core and threshold knowledge for occupational therapy, yet how it is conveyed through education is not well understood. This study examined how the concept of occupation was taught in occupational therapy and occupational therapy assistant curricula in the United States. METHOD: Using a qualitative descriptive research design, in-depth interviews, video recordings, and artifacts of teaching occupation were collected from 25 programs, chosen using stratified random sampling...
March 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217414/dance-balance-and-core-muscle-performance-measures-are-improved-following-a-9-week-core-stabilization-training-program-among-competitive-collegiate-dancers
#5
Todd Watson, Jessica Graning, Sue McPherson, Elizabeth Carter, Joshuah Edwards, Isaac Melcher, Taylor Burgess
BACKGROUND: Dance performance requires not only lower extremity muscle strength and endurance, but also sufficient core stabilization during dynamic dance movements. While previous studies have identified a link between core muscle performance and lower extremity injury risk, what has not been determined is if an extended core stabilization training program will improve specific measures of dance performance. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: This study examined the impact of a nine-week core stabilization program on indices of dance performance, balance measures, and core muscle performance in competitive collegiate dancers...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216118/systematic-review-of-patient-education-practices-in-weight-loss-surgery
#6
Karen D Groller
BACKGROUND: Education plays a key role in adherence to lifestyle modifications after weight loss surgery (WLS). Education given before and after surgery may decrease weight recidivism rates and improve outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to analyze educational practices in bariatric centers. METHODS: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health and PubMed databases were searched in May 2016 for English-language, peer-reviewed studies about WLS patient education practices from 1999 to 2016...
January 11, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215611/effectiveness-of-prolotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-rotator-cuff-lesions
#7
Mehmet Murat Seven, Omer Ersen, Serkan Akpancar, Huseyin Ozkan, Selim Turkkan, Yavuz Yıldız, Kenan Koca
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff lesions are one of the major causes of shoulder pain and dysfunction. Numerous non-surgical treatment modalities have been described for chronic rotator cuff lesions, but the debate continues over the optimal procedure. The aim of this report is to present the results of prolotherapy in the treatment of chronic refractory rotator cuff lesions. HYPOTHESIS: Dextrose prolotherapy will reduce pain and improve shoulder function and patient satisfaction...
February 16, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213153/critical-thinking-instruction-and-technology-enhanced-learning-from-the-student-perspective-a-mixed-methods-research-study
#8
Ruth Swart
Critical thinking is acclaimed as a valuable asset for graduates from higher education programs. Technology has advanced in quantity and quality; recognized as a requirement of 21st century learners. A mixed methods research study was undertaken, examining undergraduate nursing student engagement with critical thinking instruction, platformed on two technology-enhanced learning environments: a classroom response system face-to-face in-class and an online discussion forum out-of-class. The Community of Inquiry framed the study capturing constructivist collaborative inquiry to support learning, and facilitate critical thinking capability...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212911/the-effect-of-instructional-supervision-by-an-operating-room-assistant-on-first-case-starts
#9
Xiaohua Pan, Jun Zhang, Chen Dai, Yibing Si
BACKGROUND: Delays in starting first cases of the day are a common topic associated with high economic costs. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine if an operating room (OR) assistant using an instructional supervision program could reduce the tardiness of first-case starts. DESIGN: A prospective study was conducted. Data from four ORs were used to compare the effectiveness of an instructional intervention to reduce delays in starting first cases of the day...
February 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210367/academic-primer-series-eight-key-papers-about-education-theory
#10
Michael Gottlieb, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Teresa M Chan, Sara M Krzyzaniak, Nicolas Pineda, Jordan Spector, Jonathan Sherbino
INTRODUCTION: Many teachers adopt instructional methods based on assumptions of best practices without attention to or knowledge of supporting education theory. Familiarity with a variety of theories informs education that is efficient, strategic, and evidence-based. As part of the Academic Life in Emergency Medicine Faculty Incubator Program, a list of key education theories for junior faculty was developed. METHODS: A list of key papers on theories relevant to medical education was generated using an expert panel, a virtual community of practice synthetic discussion, and a social media call for resources...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210339/anger-management-evaluation-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-training-program-for-table-tennis-players
#11
Georges Steffgen
Based on a systematic review of the literature on anger and anger management in sport, there is evidence that anger might be dysfunctional, especially in sports requiring selective attention and fine-tuned motor skills. The research literature suggests that cognitive-behavioral intervention programs can be fruitful in helping athletes to understand and control dysfunctional anger. Therefore, the main goal of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief training program for table tennis players in cognitive-behavioral anger management that aimed at changing their noneffective anger reactions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209318/an-evaluation-of-physical-activity-training-in-australian-medical-school-curricula
#12
Abigail Strong, Mark Stoutenberg, Anita Hobson-Powell, Mark Hargreaves, Halle Beeler, Emmanuel Stamatakis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current level of physical activity (PA) training provided to Australian medical students. DESIGN: Individual interviews were completed via phone interview or online survey from June-October 2015. METHODS: Program leaders from Australian medical schools, who were knowledgeable about their curriculum content, were invited to participate in the study. The number of programs, hours of PA training instruction, institutional attitude towards offering PA, barriers experienced, and content areas in which PA training was offered, were explored...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195317/human-papillomavirus-self-sampling-for-screening-non-attenders-opt-in-pilot-implementation-with-electronic-communication-platforms
#13
Janni Uyen Hoa Lam, Matejka Rebolj, Ditte Møller Ejegod, Helle Pedersen, Carsten Rygaard, Elsebeth Lynge, Louise Thirstrup Thomsen, Susanne Krüger Kjaer, Jesper Bonde
In organized cervical screening programs, typically 25% of the invited women do not attend. The Copenhagen Self-sampling Initiative (CSi) aimed to gain experiences on participation among screening non-attenders in the Capital Region of Denmark. Here, we report on the effectiveness of different communication platforms used in the pilot with suggestions for strategies prior to a full-implementation. Moreover, an innovative approach using self-sampling brushes with unique radio frequency identification chips allowed for unprecedented levels patient identification safety...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194686/implementing-a-prison-medicaid-enrollment-program-for-inmates-with-a-community-inpatient-hospitalization
#14
David L Rosen, Catherine A Grodensky, Anna R Miller, Carol E Golin, Marisa E Domino, Wizdom Powell, David A Wohl
In 2011, North Carolina (NC) created a program to facilitate Medicaid enrollment for state prisoners experiencing community inpatient hospitalization during their incarceration. The program, which has been described as a model for prison systems nationwide, has saved the NC prison system approximately $10 million annually in hospitalization costs and has potential to increase prisoners' access to Medicaid benefits as they return to their communities. This study aims to describe the history of NC's Prison-Based Medicaid Enrollment Assistance Program (PBMEAP), its structure and processes, and program personnel's perspectives on the challenges and facilitators of program implementation...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194683/reproductive-psychiatry-residency-training-a-survey-of-psychiatric-residency-program-directors
#15
Lauren M Osborne, Joanna V MacLean, Erin Murphy Barzilay, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Laura Miller, Sarah Nagle Yang
OBJECTIVE: The reproductive life cycle has unique influences on the phenotypic expression of mental illness in women. Didactic and clinical training focused on these sex-specific influences should be a vital component of the education of future psychiatrists. The authors sought to determine the current state of and attitudes toward reproductive psychiatry in resident education. METHODS: The authors administered a web-based survey to psychiatry residency training directors...
February 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193066/proof-of-principle-of-rtlc-an-open-source-software-developed-for-image-evaluation-and-multivariate-analysis-of-planar-chromatograms
#16
Dimitri Fichou, Petar Ristivojević, Gertrud E Morlock
High-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) is an advantageous analytical technique for analysis of complex samples. Combined with multivariate data analysis, it turns out to be a powerful tool for profiling of many samples in parallel. So far, chromatogram analysis has been time-consuming and required the application of at least two software packages to convert HPTLC chromatograms into a numerical data matrix. Hence, this study aimed to develop a powerful, all in one open-source software for user-friendly image processing and multivariate analysis of HPTLC chromatograms...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192425/improving-access-to-chagas-disease-diagnosis-and-etiologic-treatment-in-remote-rural-communities-of-the-argentine-chaco-through-strengthened-primary-health-care-and-broad-social-participation
#17
Paula Sartor, Ivana Colaianni, M Victoria Cardinal, Jacqueline Bua, Héctor Freilij, Ricardo E Gürtler
BACKGROUND: Rural populations in the Gran Chaco region have large prevalence rates of Trypanosoma cruzi infection and very limited access to diagnosis and treatment. We implemented an innovative strategy to bridge these gaps in 13 rural villages of Pampa del Indio held under sustained vector surveillance and control. METHODOLOGY: The non-randomized treatment program included participatory workshops, capacity strengthening of local health personnel, serodiagnosis, qualitative and quantitative PCRs, a 60-day treatment course with benznidazole and follow-up...
February 13, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190930/effective-beginning-handwriting-instruction-multi-modal-consistent-format-for-2-years-and-linked-to-spelling-and-composing
#18
Beverly Wolf, Robert D Abbott, Virginia W Berninger
In Study 1, the treatment group (N = 33 first graders, M = 6 years 10 months, 16 girls) received Slingerland multi-modal (auditory, visual, tactile, motor through hand, and motor through mouth) manuscript (unjoined) handwriting instruction embedded in systematic spelling, reading, and composing lessons; and the control group (N =16 first graders, M = 7 years 1 month, 7 girls) received manuscript handwriting instruction not systematically related to the other literacy activities. ANOVA showed both groups improved on automatic alphabet writing from memory; but ANCOVA with the automatic alphabet writing task as covariate showed that the treatment group improved significantly more than control group from the second to ninth month of first grade on dictated spelling and recognition of word-specific spellings among phonological foils...
February 2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179725/introduction-and-assessment-of-a-blended-learning-model-to-teach-patient-assessment-in-a-doctor-of-pharmacy-program
#19
William Allan Prescott, Ashley Woodruff, Gina M Prescott, Nicole Albanese, Christian Bernhardi, Fred Doloresco
Objective. To integrate a blended-learning model into a two-course patient assessment sequence in a doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program and to assess the academic performance and perceptions of enrolled students. Design. A blended-learning model consisting of a flipped classroom format was integrated into a patient assessment (PA) course sequence. Course grades of students in the blended-learning (intervention) and traditional-classroom (control) groups were compared. A survey was administered to assess student perceptions...
December 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#20
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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