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Hospital Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449346/airborne-allergic-contact-dermatitis-caused-by-isothiazolinones-in-water-based-paints-a-retrospective-study-of-44-cases
#1
Emmanuelle Amsler, Olivier Aerts, Nadia Raison-Peyron, Michèle Debons, Brigitte Milpied, Françoise Giordano-Labadie, Julie Waton, Marie C Ferrier-Le Bouëdec, Isabelle Lartigau, Catherine Pecquet, Haudrey Assier, Martine Avenel-Audran, Claire Bernier, Florence Castelain, Evelyne Collet, Marie-Noëlle Crépy, Nathalie Genillier, Pascal Girardin, Pauline Pralong, Florence Tetart, Dominique Vital-Durand, Angele Soria, Annick Barbaud
BACKGROUND: Airborne allergic contact dermatitis caused by paints containing isothiazolinones has been recognized as a health hazard. OBJECTIVES: To collect epidemiological, clinical and patch test data on airborne allergic contact dermatitis caused by isothiazolinone-containing paints in France and Belgium. METHODS: A descriptive, retrospective study was initiated by the Dermatology and Allergy Group of the French Society of Dermatology, including methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/methylisothiazolinone (MI)- and/or MI-sensitized patients who developed airborne allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to isothiazolinone-containing paint...
April 27, 2017: Contact Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448968/changing-epidemiological-patterns-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-longitudinal-hospital-based-study-in-belgium
#2
Wouter Peeters, Marek Majdan, Alexandra Brazinova, Daan Nieboer, Andrew I R Maas
BACKGROUND: Various reports have suggested that epidemiological patterns of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) are changing in high-income countries, but the evidence to support this is often indirect and only a few longitudinal studies exist. We aimed to explore epidemiological patterns of TBI in Belgium over a 10-year period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of Minimum Hospital Data provided by Statistics Belgium was performed for the period 2003-2012. ICD-9 classification was used to identify TBI and to differentiate subtypes...
April 28, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448753/road-traffic-injury-in-sub-saharan-african-countries-a-systematic-review-and-summary-of-observational-studies
#3
João Ricardo N Vissoci, Daniel J Shogilev, Elizabeth Krebs, Luciano de Andrade, Igor Fiorese Vieira, Nicole Toomey, Adelia Portero Batilana, Michael Haglund, Catherine A Staton
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate, through a systematic review of hospital based studies, the proportion of road traffic injuries and fatalities in SSA. METHODS: In accordance with PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines we searched the following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Africa-Wide Information, Global Health, and Web of Science. Articles were eligible if they measured proportion of RTIs in SSA by using hospital based studies. In addition, a reference and citation analysis was conducted as well as a data quality assessment...
April 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448192/epidemiology-of-newly-diagnosed-hypertensives-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-a-developing-country
#4
Udaya Ralapanawa, Samath D Dharmaratne, KushaleePoornima Jayawickreme, Madhushanka Ekanayake
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death in most countries and the past two decades have shown a global increase. Hypertension (HTN) was found to be the leading risk factor in 2010 as qualified by Disability Adjusted Life Years. Epidemiological studies in this regard in Sri Lanka are scarce. Thus, describing epidemiological patterns of HTN in the Sri Lankan population will help policy makers in planning preventive healthcare programs and aid in preparing strategies to cope with the increasing demand for healthcare facilities...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447308/determinants-of-stage-at-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer-in-nigerian-women-sociodemographic-breast-cancer-awareness-health-care-access-and-clinical-factors
#5
Elima Jedy-Agba, Valerie McCormack, Oluwole Olaomi, Wunmi Badejo, Monday Yilkudi, Terna Yawe, Emmanuel Ezeome, Iliya Salu, Elijah Miner, Ikechukwu Anosike, Sally N Adebamowo, Benjamin Achusi, Isabel Dos-Santos-Silva, Clement Adebamowo
PURPOSE: Advanced stage at diagnosis is a common feature of breast cancer in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), contributing to poor survival rates. Understanding its determinants is key to preventing deaths from this cancer in SSA. METHODS: Within the Nigerian Integrative Epidemiology of Breast Cancer Study, a multicentred case-control study on breast cancer, we studied factors affecting stage at diagnosis of cases, i.e. women diagnosed with histologically confirmed invasive breast cancer between January 2014 and July 2016 at six secondary and tertiary hospitals in Nigeria...
April 26, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447206/new-urate-depositions-on-dual-energy-computed-tomography-in-gouty-arthritis-during-urate-lowering-therapy
#6
Zhuojun Zhang, Xiaojie Zhang, Ying Sun, Huiyong Chen, Xiufang Kong, Jianjun Zhou, Yi Zhou, Lili Ma, Lindi Jiang
Reduction of urate depositions in the joints, on dual-energy computed tomography (DECT), in patients with gout during urate-lowering therapy (ULT) was demonstrated in previous studies. The aim of this study was to further investigate the changes in distribution of urate deposits during ULT. This randomized controlled trial enrolled 46 patients diagnosed with gout from Zhongshan Hospital, China, between October 2013 and June 2014. Epidemiological data, serum uric acid level, and arthritis attacks were recorded at monthly follow-up visits...
April 26, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447111/-diagnostics-and-treatment-of-osteoid-osteoma
#7
REVIEW
P Orth, D Kohn
BACKGROUND: Osteoid osteoma is the third most common benign bone tumor and typically induces pain that is worse at night. OBJECTIVE: To identify the epidemiological, pathogenetic, histological and radiological characteristics of osteoid osteoma and to present the broad variety of treatment options. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This review article summarizes relevant clinical studies and meta-analyses on this topic. RESULTS: Osteoid osteoma is characterized by a central nidus smaller than 1...
April 26, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446198/effect-of-anti-malarial-interventions-on-trends-of-malaria-cases-hospital-admissions-and-deaths-2005-2015-ghana
#8
Maru Aregawi, Keziah L Malm, Mohammed Wahjib, Osae Kofi, Naa-Korkor Allotey, Peprah Nana Yaw, Wilmot Abba-Baffoe, Sylvester Segbaya, Felicia Owusu-Antwi, Abderahmane T Kharchi, Ryan O Williams, Mark Saalfeld, Nibretie Workneh, Estifanos Biru Shargie, Abdisalan M Noor, Constance Bart-Plange
BACKGROUND: Since 2005, the Government of Ghana and its partners, in concerted efforts to control malaria, scaled up the use of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) and insecticide-treated nets (ITNs). Beginning in 2011, a mass campaign of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) was implemented, targeting all the population. The impact of these interventions on malaria cases, admissions and deaths was assessed using data from district hospitals. METHODS: Records of malaria cases and deaths and availability of ACT in 88 hospitals, as well as at district level, ITN distribution, and indoor residual spraying were reviewed...
April 26, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445978/epidemiological-features-of-lung-giant-cell-carcinoma-and-therapy-for-patients-with-egfr-mutations-based-on-case-reports-and-the-surveillance-epidemiology-and-end-results-seer-database
#9
Shan-Shan Weng, Ying Cao, Xiu-Jun Tang, Li-Zhen Zhu, Yi-Nuo Tan, Cai-Xia Dong, Jia-Qi Chen, Hong Shen, Ying Yuan
Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are the standard first line treatment for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with sensitive EGFR mutations. Among NSCLC, giant cell carcinoma of the lung (GCCL) is a rare pathological subtype with poor prognosis, with no confirmed evidence about its epidemiological features or therapeutic efficiency of EGFR-TKIs. We present two advanced GCCLs with sensitive EGFR mutations, also collected the cases of GCCL from our hospital and the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445501/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survival-in-drug-related-versus-cardiac-causes-in-ontario-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#10
Aaron M Orkin, Chun Zhan, Jason E Buick, Ian R Drennan, Michelle Klaiman, Pamela Leece, Laurie J Morrison
BACKGROUND: Drug overdose causes approximately 183,000 deaths worldwide annually and 50,000 deaths in Canada and the United States combined. Drug-related deaths are concentrated among young people, leading to a substantial burden of disease and loss of potential life years. Understanding the epidemiology, patterns of care, and prognosis of drug-related prehospital emergencies may lead to improved outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests with drug-related and presumed cardiac causes between 2007 and 2013 using the Toronto Regional RescuNet Epistry database...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445109/distinct-prevalence-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-gansu-china-a-retrospective-study-on-drug-susceptibility-profiles-between-2010-and-2014
#11
XingFang Li, Lei Wang, Yanling Tan, Jun Hou, Jianjun Ma
Limited knowledge is available on regional distribution of antituberculosis (TB) drug resistance and on province-specific time-trends in TB drug susceptibility in China. To obtain the latest information about the dynamics of drug-resistant TB in Gansu province, we conducted a retrospective study and analyzed data on drug resistance among new TB cases diagnosed between June 2010 and May 2014 in Gansu, China. The data were collected from the only TB surveillance and treatment hospital in Gansu and, therefore, represented the epidemiology of TB in the province...
April 26, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444954/clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-children-with-central-diabetes-insipidus-associated-with-a-self-limited-or-transient-pituitary-stalk-thickening-diagnosed-as-infundibuloneurohypophysitis
#12
J Schaefers, M Cools, K De Waele, I Gies, V Beauloye, P Lysy, I Francois, D Beckers, J De Schepper
OBJECTIVE: Despite lymphocytic or autoimmune infundibuloneurohypophysitis (INH) is an increasingly recognized etiology in children with central diabetes insipidus, clinical data on epidemiology (clinical evolution, predisposing factors, complications), diagnosis and management of this entity are limited and mostly based on published case reports. The aim of this study was to gain a broader insight in the natural history of this disease by analyzing the clinical presentation, radiological pituitary stalk changes, associated autoimmunity and hormonal deficiencies in children with CDI and a self-limiting or transient stalk thickening (ST), diagnosed as autoimmune INH, during the last 15 years in four Belgian university hospitals...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444335/incidence-of-iga-vasculitis-in-children-estimated-by-four-source-capture-recapture-analysis-a-population-based-study
#13
Maryam Piram, Carla Maldini, Sandra Biscardi, Nathalie De Suremain, Christine Orzechowski, Emilie Georget, Delphine Regnard, Isabelle Koné-Paut, Alfred Mahr
Objectives.: The aim was to describe the epidemiological characteristics of childhood IgA vasculitis (IgAV) defined by the EULAR/PRINTO/Paediatric Rheumatology European Society criteria in a population-based sample from France and ascertain its incidence over 3 years by a four-source capture-recapture analysis. Methods.: Cases were prospectively collected in Val de Marne county, a suburb of Paris, with 263 874 residents <15 years old. Children with incident IgAV living in this area from 2012 to 2014 were identified by four sources of case notification (emergency departments, paediatrics departments, private-practice paediatricians and general practitioners)...
April 24, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444279/trends-in-infective-endocarditis-in-california-and-new-york-state-1998-2013
#14
Nana Toyoda, Joanna Chikwe, Shinobu Itagaki, Annetine C Gelijns, David H Adams, Natalia N Egorova
Importance: Prophylaxis and treatment guidelines for infective endocarditis have changed substantially over the past decade. In the United States, few population-based studies have explored the contemporary epidemiology and outcomes of endocarditis. Objective: To quantify trends in the incidence and etiologies of infective endocarditis in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective population epidemiology study of patients hospitalized with a first episode of endocarditis identified from mandatory state databases in California and New York State between January 1, 1998, and December 31, 2013...
April 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443987/seroprevalence-of-bactericidal-antibodies-against-serogroup-b-and-c-meningococci-in-a-university-hospital
#15
C A C Gioia, A P S Lemos, M C O Gorla, R Mendoza-Sassi, B S Figueredo, T Ballester, A Von Groll, B Wedig, N V Ethur, L Bragança, P E A Silva, L G Milagres
Meningococcus serogroup B (MenB), clonal complex 32 (cc 32), was the Brazilian epidemic strain of meningococcal disease (MD) in the 1990's. Currently, meningococcus serogroup C (MenC), cc 103, is responsible for most of the cases of the disease in Brazil. The aim of this study was to investigate the seroprevalence of bactericidal antibody (SBA) against representative epidemic strains of MenC, (N753/00 strain, C:23:P1.22,14-6, cc103) and MenB, (Cu385/83 strain, B:4,7:P1.15,19, cc32) in students and employees of a university hospital in the State of Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Brazil)...
April 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443950/chronic-kidney-disease-determinants-of-progression-and-cardiovascular-risk-progredir-cohort-study-design-and-methods
#16
Maria Alice Muniz Domingos, Alessandra Carvalho Goulart, Paulo Andrade Lotufo, Isabela Judith Martins Benseñor, Silvia Maria de Oliveira Titan
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has become an important public health issue. The socioeconomic burden of renal replacement therapy (RRT) is very high, as is CKD-related cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Preventive and therapeutic measures only have modest impact and more research is needed. Few cohort studies have been conducted on populations with CKD. Our aim was to establish a cohort that would include more advanced forms of CKD (stages 3 and 4). Data collection was focused on renal and cardiovascular parameters...
April 20, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443269/epidemiology-and-risk-assessment-of-pediatric-venous-thromboembolism
#17
REVIEW
Arash Mahajerin, Stacy E Croteau
The incidence of diagnosed venous thromboembolism (VTE) has been increasing concurrent with advances in technology and medical care that enhance our ability to treat pediatric patients with critical illness or complex multiorgan system dysfunction. Although the overall incidence of VTE is estimated at 0.07-0.49 per 10,000 children, higher rates are observed in specific populations including hospitalized children, those with central venous catheters (CVCs) or patients convalescing from a major surgery. While the absolute number of pediatric VTE events may seem trivial compared to adults, the increasing incidence, associated with increased mortality and morbidity, the availability of novel therapies, and the impact on the cost of care have made investigation of VTE risk factors and prevention strategies a high priority...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442941/competency-based-tool-for-evaluation-of-community-based-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-india-a-delphi-approach
#18
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
INTRODUCTION: A community-based training (CBT) program, where teaching and training are carried out in the community outside of the teaching hospital, is a vital part of undergraduate medical education. Worldwide, there is a shift to competency-based training, and CBT is no exception. We attempted to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach for assessment of CBT. METHODS: Based on a review on competencies, we prepared a preliminary list of major domains with items under each domain...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442807/epidemiology-and-clinico-investigative-study-of-organisms-causing-vaginal-discharge
#19
Swetha Venugopal, Kannan Gopalan, Asha Devi, A Kavitha
BACKGROUND: Abnormal vaginal discharge is a common clinical problem in reproductive age group. It is the second most common problem after abnormal uterine bleeding. It is a neglected health problem, most commonly caused due to vulvovaginal candidiasis, trichomoniasis, and bacterial vaginosis (BV). OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of common organisms causing vaginal discharge and also to know the variety of clinical presentation...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442804/clinico-epidemiological-profile-of-patients-attending-suraksha-clinic-of-tertiary-care-hospital-of-north-india
#20
H S Banger, Anisha Sethi, Sita Malhotra, Suresh Kumar Malhotra, Tejinder Kaur
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a global health problem. Trends of STIs vary from place to place depending on various epidemiological factors prevailing in that respective geographic area. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was conducted to find the pattern and prevalence of different STIs out of total STI clinic attendees, to identify any change in the trend of STIs, various epidemiological factors, and behavior of individual diseases...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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