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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236320/analgesic-effects-of-microrna-129-5p-against-bone-cancer-pain-through-the-ephb1-ephrinb2-signaling-pathway-in-mice
#1
Shao-Nan Yu, Gui-Feng Liu, Long-Yun Li, Guo-Qing Zhao, Lin Liu, Xue-Feng Li
The study aims to investigate the analgesic effects of microRNA-129-5p (miR-129-5p) on bone cancer pain (BCP) by targeting Eph receptor B1 (EphB1) through the EphB1/EphrinB2 signaling pathway. BCP mice models were established, and C3H/HeJ female mice were classified into the normal, blank, negative control (NC), miR-129-5p mimics, miR-129-5p inhibitors, EphB1 knockout (KO), and miR-129-5p inhibitors + EphB1 KO groups. RT-qPCR and western blotting were used to evaluate miR-129-5p expression, and mRNA and protein expressions of EphB1, p-EphB1, EphrinB2 and p-EphrinB2...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235283/-effect-of-proinflammatory-factors-tnf-%C3%AE-il-1%C3%AE-il-6-on-neuropathic-pain
#2
REVIEW
Qiu-Yue Li, Hai-Yu Xu, Hong-Jun Yang
Cytokines can be divided into two types: proinflammatory cytokines and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Proinflammatory cytokines are a kind of small molecular peptides synthesized and excreted by immune and non-immune cells, which can regulate a variety of physiological functions and play an important role in the process of trauma, pain and infection. Proinflammatory cytokines include TNF, IL-1, IL-6 and IL-8. More and more evidences suggest that proinflammatory cytokines(PICs), such as interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), are induced in the spinal cord(SC) and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) under various injury conditions, and contribute to pain hypersensitivity...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235159/the-effect-of-green-tea-ointment-on-episiotomy-pain-and-wound-healing-in-primiparous-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Hadis Shahrahmani, Nourossadat Kariman, Sharareh Jannesari, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Moghadameh Mirzaei, Sahar Ghalandari, Nasim Shahrahmani, Gashtasb Mardani
The delayed healing of episiotomy wound and its associated pain is a major problem in obstetrics. Because green tea has analgesic and wound-healing properties, the present study was conducted to determine the effect of green tea ointment on episiotomy pain and wound-healing. The green tea extract was also standardized by measuring its Phenolic and flavonoid compounds, antioxidant activity, and one of its active components, that is, Epigallocatechin gallate. The present clinical trial was conducted on 99 primiparous women visiting Afzalipour Hospital in Kerman in 2015...
December 13, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235107/headache-characteristics-and-clinical-features-of-elderly-migraine-patients
#4
Pablo de Rijk, Noémie Resseguier, Anne Donnet
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the headache characteristics and clinical features of elderly migraine patients at a tertiary headache center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 239 records of migraine patients, over the age of 64 at the first visit, who had migraine as defined by the International Classification of Headache Disorders 3rd edition (beta version) from 2006 to 2015 based on the Marseille registry at Timone Hospital. RESULTS: 13.8% (33/239) patients had migraine with aura only, 13...
December 13, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234960/a-new-postoperative-pain-management-intravenous-acetaminophen-acelio%C3%A2-leads-to-enhanced-recovery-after-esophagectomy-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#5
Yu Ohkura, Junichi Shindoh, Masaki Ueno, Toshiro Iizuka, Shusuke Haruta, Harushi Udagawa
PURPOSES: To investigate the efficacy of postoperative scheduled intravenous acetaminophen to reduce the opioid use and enhance the recovery after esophagectomy. METHODS: A propensity score-matched population was created using the 93 and 69 consecutive patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer before and after the introduction of postoperative scheduled intravenous acetaminophen, and the short-term clinical outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Significant defervescence was demonstrated in the Acetaminophen group (A-group) compared with control group (C-group) during the perioperative period (p < 0...
December 12, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234428/network-pharmacology-based-approach-to-investigate-the-analgesic-efficacy-and-molecular-targets-of-xuangui-dropping-pill-for-treating-primary-dysmenorrhea
#6
Jihan Huang, Lei Li, Fan Cheung, Ning Wang, Yunfei Li, Zhenyu Fan, Fang Yin, Juan Yang, Rui Gao, Yingchun He, Yibin Feng
This study aimed to evaluate the clinical analgesic efficacy and identify the molecular targets of XGDP for treating primary dysmenorrhea (PD) by a network pharmacology approach. Analysis of pain disappearance rate of XGDP in PD treatment was conducted based on data from phase II and III randomized, double-blind, double-simulation, and positive parallel controlled clinical trials. The bioactive compounds were obtained by the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion processes with oral bioavailability (OB) and drug-likeness (DL) evaluation...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234422/effect-of-gelsemium-elegans-and-mussaenda-pubescens-the-components-of-a-detoxification-herbal-formula-on-disturbance-of-the-intestinal-absorptions-of-indole-alkaloids-in-caco-2-cells
#7
Yinghao Wang, Heshan Wang, Shuisheng Wu, Desen Li, Sainan Chen
Gelsemium elegans (GE) is a kind of well-known toxic plant. It can be detoxified by Mussaenda pubescens (MP), but the detoxification mechanism is still unclear. Thus, a detoxification herbal formula (GM) comprising GE and MP was derived. The Caco-2 cells monolayer model was used to evaluate GM effects on transporting six kinds of indole alkaloids of GE. The bidirectional transport studies demonstrated that absorbance percentage of indole alkaloids in GE increased linearly over time. But in GM, Papp (AP→BL) values of the most toxic members, gelsenicine, humantenidine, and gelsevirine, were lower than that of Papp (BL→AP) (P < 0...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234396/analgesic-effect-of-moxibustion-with-different-temperature-on-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain-mice-a-comparative-study
#8
Wei Zhou, Ruxue Lei, Chuanyi Zuo, Yunqing Yue, Qin Luo, Chengshun Zhang, Peng Lv, Yong Tang, Haiyan Yin, Shuguang Yu
The aim of this study was to determine whether variation of temperature during moxibustion would generate division of analgesic effect. The moxibustion with different temperatures (37°C, 42°C, 47°C, and 52°C) was applied to ST36 acupoint for 30 minutes in chronic inflammatory or neuropathic pain mice. The analgesic effect was evaluated by thermal hyperalgesia test in chronic inflammatory pain and by mechanical allodynia in neuropathic pain, respectively. The results indicated that interventions of moxibustion with different temperature caused different analgesic effect on either chronic inflammatory induced by injection of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) or neuropathic pain induced by spared nerve injury (SNI)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234385/the-immediate-analgesic-effect-of-acupuncture-for-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Anfeng Xiang, Ke Cheng, Xueyong Shen, Ping Xu, Sheng Liu
Although acupuncture is gaining popularity for the treatment of nonspecific pain, the immediate analgesic effect of acupuncture has never been reviewed. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on disease-related pain to critically evaluate the immediate effect of acupuncture for pain relief. The PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases as well as three Chinese databases including the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, and VIP platforms were searched through November 2016...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233760/recovery-after-shoulder-arthroscopy-inpatient-versus-outpatient-management
#10
M Boissard, V Crenn, T Noailles, S Campard, F Lespagnol
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder arthroscopy is particularly suited to outpatient surgery, thanks to advances in anesthetic and analgesic techniques. The main goal of this study was to compare postoperative recovery after shoulder arthroscopy between outpatient and inpatient management.HypothesisThere is no difference in functional recovery between inpatient and outpatient management. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A single-center, single-operator prospective study was conducted. Both groups received patient-controlled analgesia via an interscalene catheter...
December 9, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232831/analgesic-like-activity-of-essential-oil-constituents-an-update
#11
REVIEW
Rita de Cássia da Silveira E Sá, Tamires Cardoso Lima, Flávio Rogério da Nóbrega, Anna Emmanuela Medeiros de Brito, Damião Pergentino de Sousa
The constituents of essential oils are widely found in foods and aromatic plants giving characteristic odor and flavor. However, pharmacological studies evidence its therapeutic potential for the treatment of several diseases and promising use as compounds with analgesic-like action. Considering that pain affects a significant part of the world population and the need for the development of new analgesics, this review reports on the current studies of essential oils' chemical constituents with analgesic-like activity, including a description of their mechanisms of action and chemical aspects...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232530/pediatric-endoscopic-pilonidal-sinus-treatment-a-revolutionary-technique-to-adopt-in-children-with-pilonidal-sinus-fistulas-our-preliminary-experience
#12
Ciro Esposito, Serena Izzo, Francesco Turrà, Mariapina Cerulo, Giovanni Severino, Alessandro Settimi, Marta Iannazzone, Lorenzo Masieri, Giuseppe Cortese, Maria Escolino
AIM: This study aimed to report our preliminary experience with pediatric endoscopic pilonidal sinus treatment (PEPSiT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the reports of 15 patients, 6 girls and 9 boys, with an average age of 16 years (range 13-18) with noninfected pilonidal sinus disease who underwent PEPSiT in our institution over an 18-month period. Four cases were redo-procedures, for recurrence of disease after open excision repair. Surgical outcomes of sinus healing, recurrence of disease, postoperative pain, hospital stay, analgesic requirements, and patient satisfaction levels were evaluated and a comparison analysis with classic open repair was performed...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232492/use-of-split-free-nlc-ms-hrms-interface-to-improve-the-detection-of-%C3%AE-cobratoxin-in-equine-plasma-for-doping-control
#13
Ludovic Bailly-Chouriberry, Patrice Garcia, Florence Cormant, Benoit Loup, Marie-Agnès Popot, Yves Bonnaire
Cobra (Naja naja kaouthia) venom contains a toxin called α-cobratoxin (α-Cbtx) containing 71 amino acids (MW 7821 Da) with a reported analgesic power greater than morphine. In 2013, the first analytical method for the detection of α-Cbtx in equine plasma was developed by Bailly-Chouriberry et al. allowing the confirmation of the presence of α-Cbtx at low concentrations (1-5 ng/mL or 130-640 fmol/mL) in plasma samples. In order to increase the method sensitivity and therefore to improve the detection of α-Cbtx in post-administration plasma samples, a nano-liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry/high resolution mass spectrometry (nLC-MS/HRMS) method was developed...
December 12, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232379/comparison-of-nalbuphine-and-sufentanil-for-colonoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Chaoyi Deng, Xiao Wang, Qianmei Zhu, Yanming Kang, Jinlin Yang, Heng Wang
OBJECTIVES: Nalbuphine is as effective as morphine as a perioperative analgesic but has not been compared directly with sufentanil in clinical trials. The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy and safety of nalbuphine with that of sufentanil in patients undergoing colonoscopy and to determine the optimal doses of nalbuphine in this indication. METHODS: Two hundred and forty consecutive eligible patients aged 18-65 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of I-II and scheduled for colonoscopy were randomly allocated to receive sufentanil 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232303/totally-endoscopic-cardiac-surgery-for-atrial-septal-defect-repair-on-beating-heart-without-robotic-assistance-in-25-patients
#15
Quang-Huy Dang, Ngoc-Thanh Le, Cong-Huu Nguyen, Dac-Dai Tran, Do-Hung Nguyen, Trung-Hieu Nguyen, Thi-Hai-Linh Ngo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the effectivity and safety of totally endoscopic cardiac surgery without robotic assistance for atrial septal defect (ASD) closure on beating hearts. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (adults/children: 15/10) underwent ASD closure using nonrobotically assisted totally endoscopic approach on beating heart. Three 5-mm trocars and one 12-mm trocar were used, only the superior vena cava is snared, filling the pleural and pericardial cavities with CO2, and the heart was beating during the surgery...
December 7, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232224/analgesic-somnoform-in-waterbury-nap-a-minit-adds-chlorides-to-the-bromide
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231955/musicians-are-high-consumers-of-complementary-and-alternative-healthcare-services-the-norwegian-musicians-health-project
#17
Jonas Vaag, Ottar Bjerkeset
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the use of analgesic medication and manual and alternative healthcare services among Norwegian musicians compared to the general workforce. METHODS: 1,607 musicians from the Norwegian Musicians' Union answered an online questionnaire about demographic characteristics, use of healthcare services, and use of medication. They were compared to a sample of the Norwegian workforce (n=2,610) from the Norwegian survey of level of living. Based on logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex and education, we compared the self-reported use of different forms of healthcare services and medication in musicians to the general workforce...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231916/-the-use-of-transdermal-fentanyl-in-the-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-chronic-non-cancer-pain-case-reports
#18
Tatiana Pietrzyńska, Łukasz Pietrzyński
The use of strong opioids for the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP) has gained undisputed acceptance among specialists and should be considered when other pharmacological treatments are not effective or cause serious side effects. However, drugs from the third step of analgesic ladder still raise concerns among doctors and patients in the case of long-term therapy. A CASE REPORT: The authors present reports of three cases of patients with CNCP caused by musculoskeletal disorders and numerous comorbidities...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231595/-effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-activation-of-microglia-cells-in-spinal-cord-in-rats-with-neuropathic-pain
#19
Sisi Li, Pengpeng Gu, Wenzhan Tu, Xia Jiang, Wenci Chen, Qimiao Hu, Songhe Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the activation of microglia cells in the L4 to L6 spinal cord in rats with neuropathic pain, so as to investigate whether EA could inhibit the activation of spinal microglial cells and regulate the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) to achieve the analgesic effect. METHODS: Forty male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a sham-model group, a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each one...
April 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231549/-mechanism-of-acupoint-transcutaneous-electric-stimulation-on-analgesic-anesthesia-in-the-patients-undergoing-general-anesthesia-anorectal-operation
#20
Yufang Lin, Wei Yang, Yajuan Li, Yin Li, Qiuyu Tong, Wen Ma, Yijing Li, Weidong Shen
OBJECTIVE: To observe the regulatory effects of acupoint electric stimulation on the analgesic substances and the relevant indices of nerve-immunity-endocrine system in the patients undergoing general anesthesia anorectal operation. METHODS: One hundred and fifty-six patients undergoing hemorrhoids and anal fistula operation were randomized into three groups, 146 cases were included in the analysis. In the No.1 group (48 cases), the conventional intravenous general anesthesia was applied...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
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