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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531920/wound-healing-and-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-some-ononis-taxons
#1
Burçin Ergene Öz, Gülçin Saltan İşcan, Esra Küpeli Akkol, İpek Süntar, Hikmet Keleş, Özlem Bahadır Acıkara
Ononis species are used for their laxative, diuretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, cytotoxic and antifungal effects as well as against skin diseases for wound healing activity. In the light of this information n-hexane, ethylacetate and methanol extracts prepared from Ononis spinosa L. subsp. leiosperma (Boiss.) Sirj., Ononis variegata L., Ononis viscosa L. subsp. brevifolia (DC) Nym. and Ononis natrix L. subsp. natrix L. were tested for their wound healing, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities...
May 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531919/bupleurum-chinense-extract-ameliorates-an-ova-induced-murine-allergic-asthma-through-the-reduction-of-the-th2-and-th17-cytokines-production-by-inactivation-of-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#2
Thi Tho Bui, Chun Hua Piao, Chang Ho Song, Hee Soon Shin, Ok Hee Chai
Bupleurum chinense belongs to the Bupleurum spp. family that has been used in traditional herbal medicine for over thousand years. It has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, hepato-protective, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-fibrotic and immunomodulatory effect. However, the effect of B. Chinense on allergic asthma remains unclear. This study investigated the immunomodulatory effects of B. Chinense extracts (BCE) on airway inflammation in asthmatic mice model. In the ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma model, we evaluated the number of total cells, differential inflammatory cells and the production of proinflammatory cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and lung homogenate as well as histological structure...
May 16, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531869/a-rare-case-of-subacute-appendicitis-actinomycosis-as-the-final-pathology-reports-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
G A Gómez-Torres, O S Ortega-Gárcia, E G Gutierrez-López, C A Carballido-Murguía, J A Flores-Rios, C R López-Lizarraga, C A Bautista López, C F Ploneda-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Acute appendicitis is the most common indication for an emergency abdominal surgery in the world, with a lifetime incidence of around 10%. Actinomycetes are the etiology of appendicitis in only 0.02%-0.06%, having as the final pathology report a chronic inflammatory response; less than 10% of the cases are diagnosed before surgery. Here, we present the case of a subacute appendicitis secondary to actinomycosis. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old male presented with a twelve-day evolution of intermittent abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant, treated at the beginning with ciprofloxacin and urinary analgesic...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531257/lack-of-evidence-for-benefit-from-long-term-use-of-opioid-analgesics-for-patients-with-neuropathy
#4
Nora D Volkow, Walter Koroshetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530786/morphine-for-chronic-neuropathic-pain-in-adults
#5
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Junqiao Chen, Philip J Wiffen, Sheena Derry, Daniel B Carr, Dominic Aldington, Peter Cole, R Andrew Moore
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain, which is caused by a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system, may be central or peripheral in origin. Neuropathic pain often includes symptoms such as burning or shooting sensations, abnormal sensitivity to normally painless stimuli, or an increased sensitivity to normally painful stimuli. Neuropathic pain is a common symptom in many diseases of the nervous system. Opioid drugs, including morphine, are commonly used to treat neuropathic pain...
May 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530625/-robot-assisted-and-laparoscopic-pyeloplasty
#6
Juan Ignacio Pascual-Piédrola, Imanol Merino-Narro, Mateo Hevia-Suárez, Francisco Javier Ancizu-Marckert, Ángel García-Cortés, Pablo Domenech-López
OBJECTIVES: Uretero-pelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction has been classically treated by open dismembered pyeloplasty. Recently, laparoscopic (LP) and robotic pyeloplasty (RP) have become the techniques of choice for the treatment of UPJ stenosis in adult and pediatric population. Our objective in this paper is to review the results of minimally invasive surgery as the treatment of UPJ obstruction, the trend to use these approaches and the current limits of LP and RP. METHODS: A review of most relevant papers and meta-analysis about LP and RP in pediatric and adult population was performed using PubMed...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529992/minimally-invasive-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-in-usa-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#7
REVIEW
Ashley Russo, Vivian E Strong
The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared gastric carcinoma a global health concern and gastric cancer remains the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. With the rising incidence of gastric cancer, a body of both retrospective and randomized data has emerged since the early 1990's evaluating the role of minimally invasive platforms in the management of gastric cancer. While Eastern studies have shown that the laparoscopic approach is safe and feasible for advanced gastric cancer in Eastern patients, it is not clear whether this is true for patients in the West...
2017: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529734/differential-regulation-of-mouse-and-human-mu-opioid-receptor-gene-depends-on-the-single-stranded-dna-structure-of-its-promoter-and-%C3%AE-complex-protein-1
#8
Dong-Sun Lee, Ping-Yee Law, Wei Ln, Horace H Loh, Kyu Young Song, Hack Sun Choi
The Mu opioid receptor (MOR) mediates various functions of opioid-induced analgesia, euphoria and respiratory depression, and is a major target of opioid analgesics. Understanding of MOR gene expression among species is important for understanding its analgesic function in humans. In the current study, the polypyrimidine/polypurine (PPy/u) region, a key element of MOR gene expression, was compared in humans and mice. The mouse PPy/u element is highly homologous to its human element (84%), and the mouse MOR (mMOR) reporter drives luciferase activity 35-fold more effectively than the human MOR (hMOR) reporter...
May 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528670/glycine-receptor-drug-discovery
#9
Joseph W Lynch, Yan Zhang, Sahil Talwar, Argel Estrada-Mondragon
Postsynaptic glycine receptor (GlyR) chloride channels mediate inhibitory neurotransmission in the spinal cord and brain stem, although presynaptic and extrasynaptic GlyRs are expressed more widely throughout the brain. In humans, GlyRs are assembled as homo- or heteromeric pentamers of α1-3 and β subunits. GlyR malfunctions have been linked to a range of neurological disorders including hyperekplexia, temporal lobe epilepsy, autism, breathing disorders, and chronic inflammatory pain. Although it is possible that GlyRs may eventually be clinically targeted for a variety of neurological disorders, most research to date has focused on developing GlyR-targeted treatments for chronic pain...
2017: Advances in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527976/eagle-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review
#10
REVIEW
Arvind Badhey, Ameya Jategaonkar, Alexander Joseph Anglin Kovacs, Sameep Kadakia, Peter Paul De Deyn, Yadranko Ducic, Stimson Schantz, Edward Shin
The objective of this report is to summarize the symptoms, diagnostic workup, necessary imaging, and management of Eagle syndrome. A comprehensive literature review was conducted on peer-reviewed publications of Eagle syndrome across multiple disciplines in order to gain a thorough understanding of the presentation, diagnosis, and management of this disorder. Diagnoses of Eagle Syndrome have increased, in part due to the awareness of physicians to patient symptomatology. While cervical pain and dysphagia are among the typical symptoms, patients can present with a wide spectrum of benign and dangerous symptoms...
May 6, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527549/efficacy-of-intravenous-acetaminophen-in-periimplantation-pain-of-cardiac-electronic-devices-a-randomized-double-blinded-study
#11
Reza Mollazadeh, Mohammad Reza Eftekhari, Masoud Eslami
PURPOSE: Although intravenous acetaminophen has been administered to reduce postoperative pain, it has not been used during cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) implantation. DESIGN: This was a randomized double-blinded interventional study. METHODS: Thirty-two patients who were referred for new CIED implantation during July 2012 until April 2013 randomly received placebo or 1 g of intravenous acetaminophen. All patients were treated with local anesthesia...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527510/saposhnikoviae-divaricata-a-phytochemical-pharmacological-and-pharmacokinetic-review
#12
REVIEW
Jenny Kreiner, Edwin Pang, George Binh Lenon, Angela Wei Hong Yang
Saposhnikoviae divaricata (Turcz.) Schischk (SD) is a traditional Chinese herb commonly used to treat clinical conditions such as rheumatism and allergic rhinitis. This review article evaluates a collection of works on in vitro and biochemical studies of SD. The discourse on the diverse class of chromones and coumarins in SD offers an insight to the pharmacological effects of these bioactive constituents as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, immunoregulatory, antioxidative, and anti-proliferative agents. It is highlighted that there is a structural relationship between the constituents and bioactive activities, which in effect provides a valid reasoning and reaffirm the use of SD in the treatment of the pathologies in Chinese medicine...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527126/polycaprolactone-based-nanoparticles-loaded-with-indomethacin-for-anti-inflammatory-therapy-from-preparation-to-ex-vivo-study
#13
Waisudin Badri, Karim Miladi, Sophie Robin, Céline Viennet, Qand Agha Nazari, Géraldine Agusti, Hatem Fessi, Abdelhamid Elaissari
PURPOSE: This work focused on the preparation of polycaprolactone based nanoparticles containing indomethacin to provide topical analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect for symptomatic treatment of inflammatory diseases. Indomethacin loaded nanoparticles are prepared for topical application to decrease indomethacin side effects and administration frequency. Oppositely to already reported works, in this research non-invasive method has been used for the enhancement of indomethacin dermal drug penetration...
May 19, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527075/intravenous-mannitol-in-status-migrainosus-treatment-a-clinical-case-series
#14
Roberto De Simone, Angelo Ranieri, Guido Ferra, Federico Cautiero
Status migrainosus (SM) is defined as a severe migraine attack, usually poorly responsive to treatments, lasting more than 72 h. Recurrent SM predicts chronic migraine (CM) development in 83.7% of cases. There is evidence that in most unresponsive CM patients a sinus stenosis-associated raised intracranial pressure is causatively involved in migraine chronification. To test the hypothesis that SM may reflect a sustained rise in intracranial pressure, we tested the efficacy of a 3-day treatment with intravenous mannitol 18% 250 ml b...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526467/bloqueio-cir%C3%A3%C2%BArgico-do-plano-transverso-abdominal-versus-guiado-por-ultrassom-em-pacientes-obesas-ap%C3%A3-s-ces%C3%A3-rea-estudo-prospectivo-e-randomizado
#15
Aykut Urfalıoğlu, Murat Bakacak, Ömer Faruk Boran, Fatih Mehmet Yazar, Mahmut Arslan, Hafize Öksüz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block demonstrated efficacy in providing post-operative analgesia by prolonging the time to first analgesic requirement and reducing the total analgesic consumption. The surgical transversus abdominis plane block, a novel technique, can be performed safely in obese patients in whom muscle layers cannot be sufficiently exposed. Here, we compared applicability, efficacy and complications of surgical transversus abdominis plane and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks in obese pregnant women following cesarean section under general anesthesia...
May 16, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526335/the-spider-toxin-ph%C3%AE-1%C3%AE-recombinant-possesses-strong-analgesic-activity
#16
Flavia Karine Rigo, Gabriela Trevisan, Samira Dal-Toé De Prá, Marta Nascimento Cordeiro, Marcia Helena Borges, Juliana Figueiredo Silva, Flavia Viana Santa Cecilia, Alessandra Hubner de Souza, Gabriela de Oliveira Adamante, Alessandra Marcon Milioli, Célio José de Castro Junior, Juliano Ferreira, Marcus Vinicius Gomez
The native Phα1β - a Voltage-Gated Calcium Channel (VGCC) blocker - and its Recombinant Version - were both tested in rodent pain models with an intraplantar injections of capsaicin or formalin, a chronic constriction injury, and melanoma cancer related pain. The formalin nociceptive behaviour in the neurogenic phase was not affected by the toxin pre-treatments, while in the inflammatory phase, Phα1β and the Recombinant form caused a significant reduction. The nociception that was triggered by capsaicin, an agonist of the TRPV1 vanilloid receptor, was totally blocked by 100 pmol/site, i...
May 17, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526161/an-update-on-nonopioids-intravenous-or-oral-analgesics-for-perioperative-pain-management
#17
REVIEW
Alan D Kaye, Elyse M Cornett, Erik Helander, Bethany Menard, Eric Hsu, Brendon Hart, Andrew Brunk
Despite an appreciation for many unwanted physiologic effects from inadequate postoperative pain relief, moderate to severe postoperative pain remains commonplace. Although treatment options have evolved in recent years, the use of nonopioid analgesics agents can reduce acute pain-associated morbidity and mortality. This review focuses on the importance of effective postoperative nonopioid analgesic agents, such as acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, gabapentinoid agents, NMDA antagonists, alpha 2 agonists, and steroids, in opioid sparing and enhancing recovery...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526158/revisiting-oxycodone-analgesia-a-review-and-hypothesis
#18
REVIEW
Xiulu Ruan, Ken F Mancuso, Alan D Kaye
Oxycodone, a semisynthetic opioid analgesic, is widely used in clinical practice. Oxycodone and morphine seem to be equally effective and equipotent; however, morphine is 10 times more potent than oxycodone when given epidurally. This article provides an updated review of the basic pharmacology of oxycodone with a special focus on pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics properties. The controversy regarding oxycodone-mediated effects for visceral pain via agonism and the possible role of peripheral opioid analgesia are discussed in the present investigation in an attempt to propose a plausible explanation to the perplexing question of oxycodone analgesia...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526157/pharmacology-of-acetaminophen-nonsteroidal-antiinflammatory-drugs-and-steroid-medications-implications-for-anesthesia-or-unique-associated-risks
#19
REVIEW
Kenneth D Candido, Oscar J Perozo, Nebojsa Nick Knezevic
Acetaminophen, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and corticosteroids, historically used in perioperative management, are potent analgesic medications. They primarily inhibit the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme, decreasing the synthesis of prostaglandins, and modulating pain and temperature. Acetaminophen does not inhibit this synthesis at the inflammatory site. The primary mechanism of action of corticosteroids involves regulation of nuclear expression of genes involved in inflammatory pathways and other systemic effects...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526156/essential-elements-of-multimodal-analgesia-in-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-guidelines
#20
REVIEW
Anair Beverly, Alan D Kaye, Olle Ljungqvist, Richard D Urman
Perioperative multimodal analgesia uses combinations of analgesic medications that act on different sites and pathways in an additive or synergistic manner to achieve pain relief with minimal or no opiate consumption. Although all medications have side effects, opiates have particularly concerning, multisystemic, long-term, and short-term side effects, which increase morbidity and prolong admissions. Enhanced recovery is a systematic process addressing each aspect affecting recovery. This article outlines the evidence base forming the current multimodal analgesia recommendations made by the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society (ERAS)...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
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