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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103857/ameliorative-potential-of-alstonia-scholaris-linn-r-br-against-chronic-constriction-injury-induced-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#1
Hasandeep Singh, Rohit Arora, Saroj Arora, Balbir Singh
BACKGROUND: Alstonia scholaris commonly known as 'Saptaparni' is an Indian traditional medicinal plant used in Ayurveda. It is commonly used to treat various disorders like asthma, bronchitis, diarrhea, dysentery and malaria. In folklore medicine the milky juice of the plant is applied on wounds and ulcers to treat pain, ear ache and also in rheumatic pains. AIM: The present study was designed to investigate the potential of A. scholaris R. Br. in chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve (CCI) induced neuropathic pain in rats...
January 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096578/the-effect-of-pregabalin-and-s-ketamine-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-patients-a-randomized-trial
#2
Lajla Kadic, Frank G van Haren, Oliver Wilder-Smith, Jorgen Bruhn, Jacques J Driessen, Maarten C de Waal Malefijt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pain reduction is important for rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty. Intra- and peri-articular infiltration with local anesthetics may be an alternative to commonly used locoregional techniques. Adding pregabalin orally and s-ketamine intravenously may further reduce postoperative pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study compared two methods of perioperative analgesia. Control patients received a standardized multimodal postoperative analgesic regime of paracetamol, diclofenac, and piritramide-patient-controlled analgesia, including ropivacaine knee infiltration during surgery...
October 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096302/postmortem-and-toxicological-findings-in-a-series-of-furanylfentanyl-related-deaths
#3
Davide Guerrieri, Emma Rapp, Markus Roman, Henrik Druid, Robert Kronstrand
Over the course of 4 months in 2015 and 2016, a cluster of seven fatal intoxications involving the opioid-analogue furanylfentanyl occurred in Sweden; toxicological analysis showed presence of furanylfentanyl either as the only drug or in combination with other illicit substances. Previous publications have only reported non-lethal furanylfentanyl intoxications. In the cases presented here, furanylfentanyl intoxication-alone or in combination with other drugs-was determined to be the cause of death by the responsible pathologist...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075650/pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-pregabalin-for-the-treatment-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#4
Massimiliano Buoli, Alice Caldiroli, Marta Serati
Pregabalin is an alternative compound to SSRIs and SNRIs for the first-line treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Areas covered: We describe the pharmacokinetic properties of pregabalin and their implications for the treatment of GAD. A search in the main database sources (Medline, ISI, Web of Knowledge and Medscape) was performed in order to obtain a comprehensive and balanced evaluation about the clinical implications of the pharmacokinetic properties of pregabalin in the treatment of GAD. The word "pregabalin" was associated with "pharmacokinetics", "interactions"', "GAD", "anxiety" and "tolerability"...
January 11, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075425/management-of-fibromyalgia-practical-guides-from-recent-evidence-based-guidelines
#5
Winfried Häuser, Jacob Ablin, Serge Perrot, Mary-Ann Fitzcharles
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a prevalent and costly condition worldwide, affecting approximately 2% of the general population. Recent evidence- and consensus-based guidelines from Canada, Germany, Israel and the European League Against Rheumatism aim to support physicians in achieving a comprehensive diagnostic work-up of patients with chronic widespread pain (CWP) and to assist patients and physicians in shared decision making on treament options. Every patient with CWP requires at the first medical evaluation a complete history, medical examination and some laboratory tests (complete blood count, C-reactive protein, serum calcium, creatine phosphokinase, thyroid stimulating hormone, 25-OH vitamin D) to screen for metabolic or inflammatory causes of CWP...
January 4, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072813/a-case-report-on-red-ear-syndrome-with-tinnitus-successfully-treated-with-transcranial-random-noise-stimulation
#6
Peter M Kreuzer, Veronika Vielsmeier, Timm B Poeppl, Berthold Langguth
BACKGROUND: The red ear syndrome represents a rare symptom complex consisting of auricular erythema associated with painful and burning sensations. It has been described in combination with tinnitus rarely. It has been hypothesized to be etiologically related to altered trigeminal afferent input, temporomandibular disorders, and thalamic dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: The initial objective of applying transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) in a case of red ear syndrome in combination with tinnitus was the alleviation of the phantom sounds...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072797/effect-of-concomitant-pain-medications-on-response-to-pregabalin-in-patients-with-postherpetic-neuralgia-or-spinal-cord-injury-related-neuropathic-pain
#7
Stephan A Schug, Bruce Parsons, Mary Almas, Ed Whalen
BACKGROUND: Patients with neuropathic pain (NeP) often receive combination therapy with multiple agents in the hopes of improving both pain and any comorbidities that may be present. While pregabalin is often recommended as a first-line treatment of NeP, few studies have examined the effects of concomitant medications on the efficacy of pregabalin. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of concomitant medications on the efficacy and safety of pregabalin for the treatment of NeP...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060888/the-association-between-gaba-modulators-and-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-matched-retrospective-case-control-study
#8
Jonathan Ström, Johan Tham, Fredrik Månsson, Jonas Ahl, Tor C Savidge, Sara M Dann, Fredrik Resman
OBJECTIVE: Recently, metabolomics studies have suggested that the neurotransmitter γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) may modulate C. difficile infection (CDI) pathogenesis. In the present study, we investigated the association between GABA-modulating pharmaceuticals and CDI development. METHODS: In July-December 2013, we performed a matched, retrospective case-control study in Skåne county, Sweden, to assess the association between the use of GABA-modulators (defined as regular use of at least one of the following: zolpidem, zopiclone, benzodiazepines, gabapentin, pregabalin or baclofen) and CDI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057164/role-of-pregabalin-in-management-of-pruritus-a-literature-review
#9
Nazanin Foroutan, Naemeh Nikvarz
Pruritus can be one of the distressing symptoms of many dermatologic, systemic, neurologic or psychiatric disorders. In each case, the origin of itch is in the skin and/or the nervous system. Involvement of the nervous system causes neurogenic, psychogenic or neuropathic itch. Itch sensation is transferred to the central nervous system via unmyelinated C-type nerve fibers, and many mediators and receptors engage in the its induction and transmission. Also it has been demonstrated that there are similarities and interactions between neurotransmitters and pathways of pain and itch sensation...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049030/pregabalin-enhances-myelin-repair-and-attenuates-glial-activation-in-lysolecithin-induced-demyelination-model-of-rat-optic-chiasm
#10
Danyal Daneshdoust, Mohsen Khalili-Fomeshi, Maryam Ghasemi-Kasman, Davoud Ghorbanian, Mona Hashemian, Mohammad Gholami, Aliakbar Moghadamnia, Amir Shojaei
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease in which more than 70% of patients experience visual disturbance as the earliest symptoms. Lysolecithin (LPC)-induced focal demyelination model has been developed to evaluate the effects of different therapies on myelin repair improvement. In this study, the effects of pregabalin administration on myelin repair and glial activation were investigated. Local demyelination was induced by administration of LPC (1%, 2μL) into the rat optic chiasm. Rats underwent daily injection of pregabalin (30mg/kg, i...
January 1, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042075/topical-treatment-of-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-applying-the-evidence
#11
REVIEW
Claudia Sommer, Giorgio Cruccu
CONTEXT: Patients with peripheral neuropathic pain (NP) may only achieve partial pain relief with currently recommended first-line oral treatments, which are also associated with systemic adverse events. Topical treatments are currently considered second- or third-line options, but a recent pharmacological treatment algorithm has called for broader first-line use of these agents. This has highlighted a need to communicate the benefits associated with topical agents, in particular around the efficacy, targeted local action and limited systemic availability resulting in minimal systemic adverse events and drug-drug interactions...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041922/metabolic-parameters-in-diabetic-neuropathic-patients-after-treatment-with-pregabalin
#12
O A Abou Zeid, N Y Elkhouly, E N Osman, M H Youssef
OBJECTIVE: To assess metabolic parameters in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) before and after 3 months treatment with a flexible dose pregabalin. METHODS: This is a prospective clinical trial. The metabolic parameters observed and recorded after 3 months treatment with a flexible dose pregabalin (n=331). RESULTS: The lipid profile parameters were significantly improved after treatment, total cholesterol, TC (P<0.01, 95% CI, 25...
December 26, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035379/antinociceptive-effects-of-fucoidan-in-rat-models-of-vincristine-induced-neuropathic-pain
#13
Chuanyin Hu, Yun-Tao Zhao, Guoping Zhang, Ming-Feng Xu
Chemotherapeutic drugs commonly induce peripheral neuropathic pain, which limit their clinic use. In the present study, the effect of fucoidan on the development of vincristine‑induced neuropathic pain was evaluated and the underlying mechanism was examined. A neuropathy model was established in Sprague‑Dawley rats by intraperitoneal injection of vincristine sulfate 50 µg/kg once a day for 10 consecutive days. Fucoidan (50, 100 or 200 mg/kg.) and pregabalin (10 mg/kg) were injected for 14 consecutive days...
February 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025964/bioequivalence-of-two-formulations-of-pregabalin-150-mg-capsules-under-fasting-conditions-in-healthy-male-subjects%C3%A2
#14
Hyun Lee, SeungHwan Lee, Sung-Vin Yim, Bo-Hyung Kim
BACKGROUND: Pregabalin binds to the α2δ auxiliary subunit of voltage-gated calcium channels, which are widely distributed throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems and modulate calcium-dependent neurotransmitter release. Pregabalin is indicated for the treatment of peripheral and central neuropathic pain, partial seizures with or without secondary generalization, and treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the bioequivalence of two different formulations of pregabalin 150-mg capsules in healthy Korean male subjects under fasting conditions...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025404/journal-club-pregnancy-outcome-following-maternal-exposure-to-pregabalin-may-call-for-concern
#15
Catherine R Jutzeler, Jacquelyn J Cragg, Freda M Warner, Jessica Archibald, Christine P M Thomas, Stacy Elliott, John L K Kramer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007332/predictive-modeling-of-response-to-pregabalin-for-the-treatment-of-neuropathic-pain-using-6-week-observational-data-a-spectrum-of-modern-analytics-applications
#16
Birol Emir, Kjell Johnson, Max Kuhn, Bruce Parsons
PURPOSE: This post hoc analysis used 11 predictive models of data from a large observational study in Germany to evaluate potential predictors of achieving at least 50% pain reduction by week 6 after treatment initiation (50% pain response) with pregabalin (150-600 mg/d) in patients with neuropathic pain (NeP). METHODS: The potential predictors evaluated included baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, such as patient-reported pain severity (0 [no pain] to 10 [worst possible pain]) and pain-related sleep disturbance scores (0 [sleep not impaired] to 10 [severely impaired sleep]) that were collected during clinic visits (baseline and weeks 1, 3, and 6)...
December 19, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005051/-russian-experience-of-lacosamide-vimpat-usage-in-treatment-of-uncontrolled-focal-epilepsy
#17
A V Lebedeva, S G Burd, O V Belyaev, P N Vlasov, M Yu Dorofeeva, A M Ismailov, M Ya Kissin, I Yu Kovaleva, N Yu Koroleva, L V Lipatova, K Yu Mukhin, Yu V Solomatin, A Chervyakov, R G Shikkherimov, O A Pylaeva, N V Freidkova
: Many patients with epilepsy receive treatment in polytherapy. Selection of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for the combination should be carried out in accordance with the principles of rational polytherapy, taking into account the mechanism of action, pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) properties of drugs. Along with levetiracetam, gabapentin, vigabatrin and pregabalin, lacosamide (LCM) shows superior PK profile in rating of all AED and can be combined with any of them. The goal of this study was to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of LCM in patients with uncontrolled partial onset seizures (POS) in routine clinical practice...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002316/comparative-study-between-2-different-doses-of-pregabalin-and-lidocaine-on-pain-following-propofol-injection-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-consort-study
#18
Eunkyung Choi, Donggyeong Kim, Younghoon Jeon
BACKGROUND: Propofol, an intravenous anesthetic, often causes pain on injection, which can be very distressful to patients. We investigated the analgesic effect of pregabalin on pain following propofol injection, compared with lidocaine. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, prospective trial, 120 patients were randomized into 3 groups of 40 each; who received oral placebo and intravenous lidocaine 40 mg with venous occlusion for 1 minute (group L, n = 40), oral pregabalin 75 mg and intravenous normal saline with venous occlusion for 1 minute (group LP, n = 40), and oral pregabalin 150 mg and intravenous normal saline with venous occlusion for 1 minute (group HP, n = 40) as pretreatment, followed by administration of 1% propofol 0...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996351/effect-of-pregabalin-on-fear-based-conditioned-avoidance-learning-and-spatial-learning-in-a-mouse-model-of-scopolamine-induced-amnesia
#19
Kinga Sałat, Adrian Podkowa, Natalia Malikowska, Jędrzej Trajer
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive deficits are one of the frequent symptoms accompanying epilepsy or its treatment. METHODS: In this study the effect on cognition of intraperitoneally administered antiepileptic drug, pregabalin (10 mg/kg), was investigated in scopolamine-induced memory-impaired mice in the passive avoidance task and Morris water maze task. The effect of scopolamine and pregabalin on animals' locomotor activity was also studied. RESULTS: In the retention phase of the passive avoidance task, pregabalin reversed memory deficits induced by scopolamine (P < 0...
December 20, 2016: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996204/postoperative-pain-control-following-craniotomy-a-systematic-review-of-recent-clinical-literature
#20
Georgia G Tsaousi, Simon W Logan, Federico Bilotta
BACKGROUND: Pain intensity after craniotomy is considered to be moderate to severe during the first 2 postoperative days. The ideal pain treatment to facilitate a rapid postoperative recovery and optimize outcome is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aims to report current clinical evidence related to pharmacological and adjuvant analgesic modalities for postcraniotomy pain control. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
December 20, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
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