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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166704/the-prevalence-and-causes-of-visual-impairment-in-seven-year-old-children
#1
Soraya Ghaderi, Hassan Hashemi, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Abbasali Yekta, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ali Mirzajani, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
BACKGROUND: To report the prevalence and causes of visual impairment in seven-year-old children in Iran and its relationship with socio-economic conditions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional population-based study, first-grade students in the primary schools of eight cities in the country were randomly selected from different geographic locations using multistage cluster sampling. The examinations included visual acuity measurement, ocular motility evaluation, and cycloplegic and non-cycloplegic refraction...
November 22, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166695/-without-net-and-double-floor-comparison-of-umbilical-hernia-repair-by-spitzy-in-children-and-adults
#2
Laura Kuck, Florian Seitz, Armin Wiegering, Ulrich Dietz, Thomas Meyer
Summary Umbilical hernia occur in both adults and children. For over 100 years, umbilical hernia in children has been treated surgically by the Spitzy method. With adult patients, meshes are being increasingly used. The purpose of our study was to analyse Spitzy herniotomy with respect to the recurrence rate in children and adults. Material and Methods Over a period of 7 years, 383 children (age < 16 years) with umbilical hernia were treated surgically; after applying the exclusion criteria, 370 patients were evaluated...
November 22, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166678/laparoscopic-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-infants-and-children-state-of-the-art-technique
#3
Ivy Hau-Yee Chan, Paul Kwong-Hang Tam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166677/severe-trampoline-injuries-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-children-and-adolescents
#4
Linda Korhonen, Niina Salokorpi, Maria Suo-Palosaari, Juha Pesälä, Willy Serlo, Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166638/predictors-of-surgical-outcomes-of-traumatic-peripheral-nerve-injuries-in-children-an-institutional-experience
#5
Bhagavatula Indira Devi, Subhas K Konar, Dhananjaya I Bhat, Dhaval P Shukla, R Bharath, M S Gopalakrishnan
AIM: This study was undertaken to address the epidemiological characteristics, operative details, and surgical outcome of peripheral nerve injuries in children treated in a tertiary hospital in India (NIMHANS, Bangalore). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of epidemiology, operative findings, and surgical outcomes over the period of 2000-2016. Our series includes 102 children with peripheral nerve injuries of various causes. RESULTS: Intramuscular injections were the most common cause (52...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166569/breastfeeding-among-women-with-physical-disabilities-in-the-united-states
#6
Robyn M Powell, Monika Mitra, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Linda M Long-Bellil, Lauren D Smith, Eliana Rosenthal, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: The benefits of breastfeeding are well established, and breastfeeding is now widely practiced in the United States. Although increasing numbers of women with physical disabilities are having children, little information is available about breastfeeding practices among these women. Nonetheless, the children of women with physical disabilities should benefit from breastfeeding just as children of nondisabled mothers do. Research aim: This study aimed to explore the facilitators and barriers to breastfeeding among women with physical disabilities...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166505/anogenital-warts-in-pediatric-population
#7
Miguel Costa-Silva, Inês Fernandes, Acácio Gonçalves Rodrigues, Carmen Lisboa
The approach to children with anogenital warts in the context of sexual abuse is a challenge in clinical practice. This study aims to review the current knowledge of anogenital warts in children, the forms of transmission, and the association with sexual abuse and to propose a cross-sectional approach involving all medical specialties. A systematic review of the literature was conducted in Portuguese and English from January 2000 to June 2016 using the ISI Web of Knowledge and PubMed databases. Children aged 12 years or younger were included...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166494/sporotrichosis-an-update-on-epidemiology-etiopathogenesis-laboratory-and-clinical-therapeutics
#8
Rosane Orofino-Costa, Priscila Marques de Macedo, Anderson Messias Rodrigues, Andréa Reis Bernardes-Engemann
In the late 90's there was a change in both the route of transmission and the people at risk for sporotrichosis. This zoonotic cat-man alternative transmission route elicited changes in strategies to control the epidemic. There was a progressive increase in the number of cases involving especially children and the elderly. In addition to becoming hyperendemic, uncommon clinical pictures like immunoreactive clinical presentations or severe systemic cases have emerged. New species were identified and classified through molecular tools using more virulent clinical isolates, like S...
September 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166492/waist-to-height-ratio-index-or-the-prediction-of-overweight-in-children
#9
Sarah Aparecida Vieira, Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro, Helen Hermana Miranda Hermsdorff, Patrícia Feliciano Pereira, Silvia Eloiza Priore, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini
OBJECTIVE: To identify a low-cost abdominal adiposity index that has a higher accuracy in predicting excess weight in children aged four to seven years old. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a sample of 257 children aged 4 to 7 years old. Indicators of abdominal adiposity assessed were: waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHR) and central fat percentage (measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry - DEXA). Overweight children were classified using body mass index by age (BMI/age)...
November 17, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166490/-guidelines-for-a-line-of-care-for-children-and-adolescents-with-complex-chronic-health-conditions
#10
Martha Cristina Nunes Moreira, Lidianne Vianna Albernaz, Miriam Ribeiro Calheiros de Sá, Roberta Fernandes Correia, Roberta Falcão Tanabe
The definition of complex chronic health condition (CCHC) is important for identifying children and adolescents occupying pediatric beds in Brazilian hospitals, where they live out their childhood, requiring complex care by multidisciplinary teams in network format both in-hospital and in home care. The current article addresses guidelines for a line of care for children and adolescents with CCHCs. An expert panel validated 13 guidelines organized in three dimensions. Using the consensus conference technique, experts from different specialties validated the guidelines...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166489/prevalence-of-syphilis-and-hiv-infection-during-pregnancy-in-incarcerated-women-and-the-incidence-of-congenital-syphilis-in-births-in-prison-in-brazil
#11
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Maria do Carmo Leal, Ana Paula Esteves Pereira, Barbara Ayres, Alexandra Roma Sánchez, Bernard Larouzé
This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of syphilis and HIV infection during pregnancy, the mother to child transmission of syphilis and the incidence of congenital syphilis in incarcerated women in Brazil; to compare these rates to those observed in pregnant women outside of jail; and to verify the maternal factors associated with syphilis infection during pregnancy in free and incarcerated women. We used data from two nationwide studies conducted during the period 2011-2014. The Birth in Brazil study included 23,894 free women cared for in 266 hospitals...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166484/assessing-the-role-of-appropriate-primary-health-care-on-the-use-of-dental-services-by-brazilian-low-income-preschool-children
#12
Márcia Helena Baldani, Juliana Schaia Rocha, Cristina Berger Fadel, Antonio Carlos Nascimento, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Samuel Jorge Moysés
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the association between the quality of primary health care (PHC) and the use of dental services by preschoolers served by the Family Health Strategy (FHS), controlling for socio-demographic determinants and perceived need. The sample encompassed 438 children aged 3-5 years, enrolled in 19 FHS facilities in Ponta Grossa, Paraná State, Brazil. Individual level variables were collected by interviewing parents or caregivers at home. They answered a questionnaire on socioeconomic conditions, oral hygiene habits and use of dental services...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166483/processed-and-ultra-processed-food-consumption-among-children-aged-13-to-35-months-and-associated-factors
#13
Mônica Araujo Batalha, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Sueli Ismael Oliveira da Conceição, Alcione Miranda Dos Santos, Francelena de Sousa Silva, Luana Lopes Padilha, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods among children aged 13-35 months and its associated factors. We studied 1,185 children within the BRISA cohort in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil. The food consumption was investigated using a 24-hour recall, and the percentages of daily caloric intake and nutrients were estimated by food groups according to "NOVA" classification. We chose to categorize children belonging to the upper tertile of the distribution as having a high consumption of processed and ultra-processed food products...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166480/-impact-of-moderate-intellectual-disability-on-the-dynamics-and-quality-of-family-life-a-qualitative-clinical-study
#14
Rodrigo Victor Viana Tomaz, Vanessa de Arruda Santos, Lucimar Retto da Silva de Avó, Carla Maria Ramos Germano, Débora Gusmão Melo
This qualitative clinical study investigated the impact of moderate intellectual disability on family dynamics and quality of life. The data were collected using individual interviews with 15 mothers of children with intellectual disabilities, as a convenience sample, and examined with categorical thematic content analysis. The results were discussed using a comprehensive and interpretative approach. Analysis of the interviews showed that care for children with intellectual disabilities is centered on the mother, contributing to the change in family relations...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166476/-maternal-breastfeeding-and-associated-factors-in-children-under-two-years-the-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#15
Thaynã Ramos Flores, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Rosália Garcia Neves, Andrea T Wendt, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
The objective was to assess the prevalence of maternal breastfeeding and associated factors in Brazilian children under two years of age. This was a cross-sectional nationwide study in 2013. The outcomes were breastfeeding in children under 24 months and exclusive breastfeeding under six months of age. A hierarchical analysis was performed for associated factors. The analyses were stratified by age (0-5 months and 29 days; 6-11 months and 29 days; 12-23 months and 29 days of age). Prevalence of maternal breastfeeding was 56% for the total sample, and as follows according to age: 80% (0-5 months and 29 days), 62...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166471/exercise-and-sport-do-not-trigger-seizures-in-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy-in-school-settings
#16
Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Dos Santos Andrade, Cássia Regina Vancini-Campanharo, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166459/could-infarct-location-predict-the-long-term-functional-outcome-in-childhood-arterial-ischemic-stroke
#17
Mauricio López-Espejo, Marta Hernández-Chávez
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of infarct location on long-term functional outcome following a first-ever arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in non-neonate children. METHOD: The MRIs of 39 children with AIS (median age 5.38 years; 36% girls; mean follow-up time 5.87 years) were prospectively evaluated. Infarct location was classified as the absence or presence of subcortical involvement. Functional outcome was measured using the modified Rankin scale (mRS) for children after the follow-up assessment...
October 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166438/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-inadequate-medicine-home-storage-a-community-based-study
#18
Rand Randall Martins, Andreza Duarte Farias, Yonara Monique da Costa Oliveira, Rodrigo Dos Santos Diniz, Antonio Gouveia Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: Assess the extent of inadequate home storage of medicines andidentify important risk factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey based on a probability sample in the community, conducted in 267 households in Cuité, State of Paraíba, Northeast Brazil, in 2014. Logistic regression was used to study the risk factors. RESULTS: The prevalence of households with inadequate storage was 76.0%. Problems with storage include direct exposure to sunlight in 10...
November 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166437/breastfeeding-indicators-trends-in-brazil-for-three-decades
#19
Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Patricia de Moraes Mello Boccolini, Fernanda Ramos Monteiro, Sonia Isoyama Venâncio, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: Update breastfeeding indicators trend in Brazil for the last three decades, incorporating more up-to-date information from the National Health Survey. METHODS: We used secondary data from national surveys with information on breastfeeding (1986, 1996, 2006, and 2013) to construct the time series of prevalence for the following indicators: exclusive breastfeeding in children under six months of age (EBF6m), breastfeeding in toddlers under 2 years of age (BF), continued breastfeeding at one year of age (BF1year), and continued breastfeeding at two years of age (BF2years)...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166409/post-weaning-high-fat-diet-results-in-growth-cartilage-lesions-in-young-male-rats
#20
Samuel S Haysom, Mark H Vickers, Lennex H Yu, Clare M Reynolds, Elwyn C Firth, Sue R McGlashan
To determine if a high-fat diet (HF) from weaning would result in a pro-inflammatory state and affect joint cartilage, we fed male rats either HF or Chow diet post-weaning, and voluntary wheel exercise (EX) or cage only activity (SED) after 9 weeks of age. At 17 weeks body composition, plasma biomarkers and histomorphology scores of femoro-tibial cartilages of HF-SED, HF-EX, Chow-SED and Chow-EX groups were compared. Food intake and activity were not significantly different between groups. HF diet resulted in significantly higher weight gain, %fat, fat:lean ratio, and plasma leptin, insulin and TNFα concentrations, with significant interactions between diet and exercise...
2017: PloS One
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