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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917963/mobile-pastoralists-in-central-and-west-africa-between-conflict-mobile-telephony-and-im-mobility
#1
M De Bruijn, A Amadou, E Lewa Doksala, B Sangaré
The livelihoods of the Fulani mobile pastoralists in the Sahel, West and Central Africa are characterised by mobility (related to the needs of their animals), extensive social networks, and a focus on social ties as the basis of status and influence ('wealth in people'). The Sahel environment in which many Fulani nomads live has become embroiled in jihadism, conflict, and violence; at the same time, this region has experienced an increase in opportunities to connect through the wireless mobile communication system...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881027/is-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-safe-for-t3a-renal-cell-carcinoma-experience-of-a-high-volume-center
#2
Hiury S Andrade, Homayoun Zargar, Oktay Akca, Önder Kara, Peter Caputo, Daniel Ramirez, Guillermo Andres, Robert J Stein, Shih-Chieh J Chueh, Jihad Kaouk
PURPOSE: To compare the oncological and functional outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) with radical nephrectomy (RN) in RCC cases with pT3a staging. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our IRB approved nephrectomy database from 2005 to 2015 was performed. RPN and RN cases with confirmed RCC and pT3a staging were matched. Preoperative variables, functional and oncological outcomes were compared between the groups, as well a Kaplan-Meier estimated overall survival (OS), cancer specific survival (CSS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864027/patterns-of-neural-activity-predict-picture-naming-performance-of-a-patient-with-chronic-aphasia
#3
Yune Sang Lee, Jihad T Zreik, Roy H Hamilton
Naming objects represents a substantial challenge for patients with chronic aphasia. This could be in part because the reorganized compensatory language networks of persons with aphasia may be less stable than the intact language systems of healthy individuals. Here, we hypothesized that the degree of stability would be instantiated by spatially differential neural patterns rather than either increased or diminished amplitudes of neural activity within a putative compensatory language system. We recruited a chronic aphasic patient (KL; 66 year-old male) who exhibited a semantic deficit (e...
November 15, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846791/clinical-experience-with-dolutegravir-abacavir-lamivudine-in-hiv-hcv-co-infected-patients-treated-with-a-sofosbuvir-based-regimen-safety-and-efficacy
#4
Tamara M Johnson, Raymund Sison, James P Fallon, Prerak P Shukla, Sristi Bhattarai, Herbert Galang, Richard Habeeb, Jihad Slim
BACKGROUND: There is no known reason to suspect an adverse drug interaction between dolutegravir-based antiretroviral therapy and sofosbuvir, simeprevir, or ledipasvir. There is a paucity of clinical data for this combination. METHODS: Prospective, open-label study of patients with HIV well controlled on dolutegravir, abacavir, and lamivudine, who were co-infected with HCV genotype 1, and required therapy with simeprevir plus sofosbuvir or sofosbuvir/ledipasvir single-tablet regimen (STR) for 12 weeks...
November 2016: HIV Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822565/teleconsent-a-novel-approach-to-obtain-informed-consent-for-research
#5
Brandon M Welch, Elizabeth Marshall, Suparna Qanungo, Ayesha Aziz, Marilyn Laken, Leslie Lenert, Jihad Obeid
Lack of recruitment of qualified research participants continues to be a significant bottleneck in clinical trials, often resulting in costly time extensions, underpowered results, and in some cases early termination. Some of the reasons for suboptimal recruitment include laborious consent processes and access to participants at remote locations. While new electronic consents technologies (eConsent) help overcome challenges related to readability and consent management, they do not adequately address challenges related to remote access...
August 15, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807146/scientific-retreats-with-speed-dating-networking-to-stimulate-new-interdisciplinary-translational-research-collaborations-and-team-science
#6
Damayanthi Ranwala, Anthony J Alberg, Kathleen T Brady, Jihad S Obeid, Randal Davis, Perry V Halushka
To stimulate the formation of new interdisciplinary translational research teams and innovative pilot projects, the South Carolina Clinical and Translational Research (SCTR) Institute (South Carolina Clinical and Translational Science Award, CTSA) initiated biannual scientific retreats with 'speed dating' networking sessions. Retreat themes were prioritized based on the following criteria; cross-cutting topic, unmet medical need, generation of novel technologies and methodologies. Each retreat begins with an external keynote speaker followed by a series of brief research presentations by local researchers focused on the retreat theme, articulating potential areas for new collaborations...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783639/genomic-prediction-of-seed-quality-traits-using-advanced-barley-breeding-lines
#7
Nanna Hellum Nielsen, Ahmed Jahoor, Jens Due Jensen, Jihad Orabi, Fabio Cericola, Vahid Edriss, Just Jensen
Genomic selection was recently introduced in plant breeding. The objective of this study was to develop genomic prediction for important seed quality parameters in spring barley. The aim was to predict breeding values without expensive phenotyping of large sets of lines. A total number of 309 advanced spring barley lines tested at two locations each with three replicates were phenotyped and each line was genotyped by Illumina iSelect 9Kbarley chip. The population originated from two different breeding sets, which were phenotyped in two different years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766258/a-review-of-management-of-inflammation-in-the-hiv-population
#8
Jihad Slim, Christopher F Saling
Advancements in antiretroviral therapy have drastically increased the life expectancy for those infected with HIV. Today, a new subgroup of older patients with long-term controlled HIV exists, and its populace is continuously mounting. Therefore, it is essential to understand the enduring effects of chronic suppressed HIV infection in order to further improve HIV management in these patients. This paper will examine the role of HIV in chronic inflammation and immune dysfunction, the dynamic interaction that exists between comorbidity and HIV, and the potential consequences of long-term antiretroviral therapy in an effort to provide the best management options for the virally suppressed HIV patient...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763738/robotic-ureteroureterostomy-for-treatment-of-a-proximal-ureteric-stricture
#9
Hiury S Andrade, Jihad H Kaouk, Homayoun Zargar, Peter A Caputo, Oktay Akca, Daniel Ramirez, Riccardo Autorino, Mark Noble, Robert J Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746281/do-renin-angiotensin-blockers-affect-renal-function-and-cardiac-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-partial-nephrectomy
#10
Yaw A Nyame, Helen Liang, Hans C Arora, Bradley C Gill, Peter Caputo, Daniel Ramirez, Matthew J Maurice, Khaled Fareed, Robert J Stein, Georges-Pascal Haber, Andrew J Stephenson, Amr Fergany, Jihad Kaouk
PURPOSE: Currently to our knowledge no data exist to guide renal surgeons on the perioperative use of renin-angiotensin blockers despite potential cardiorenal benefits. We aimed to assess the impact of resuming renin-angiotensin blockers on postoperative renal function and adverse cardiac events following partial nephrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational analysis of patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy from 2006 to 2014 at a single institution...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743508/infrainguinal-cto-recanalization-assessed-by-intravascular-ultrasound-results-of-the-central-study
#11
James Torey, Anwar Zaitoun, Thomas Lalonde, John Runyon, Jihad Mustapha, Thomas Davis
OBJECTIVES: CENTRAL was a prospective, multicenter, 100 patient study designed to evaluate the ability of a recanalization catheter system to cross chronic total occlusions (CTOs) of the superficial femoral artery while staying within the central vessel lumen. METHODS: The primary endpoint was the successful crossing of a CTO (≥90% of the length) with the recanalization catheter in the central lumen of the superficial femoral artery in at least one-half of the studied patient population, confirmed by intravascular ultrasound...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709103/the-tip-of-the-iceberg-on-the-roles-of-regulatory-small-rnas-in-the-virulence-of-enterohemorrhagic-and-enteropathogenic-escherichia-coli
#12
Shantanu Bhatt, Marisa Egan, Valerie Jenkins, Sarah Muche, Jihad El-Fenej
Enterohemorrhagic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli are gastrointestinal pathogens that disrupt the intestinal microvilli to form attaching and effacing (A/E) lesions on infected cells and cause diarrhea. This pathomorphological trait is encoded within the pathogenicity island locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE). The LEE houses a type 3 secretion system (T3SS), which upon assembly bridges the bacterial cytosol to that of the host and enables the bacterium to traffic dozens of effectors into the host where they hijack regulatory and signal transduction pathways and contribute to bacterial colonization and disease...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699971/robot-assisted-approach-improves-surgical-outcomes-in-obese-patients-undergoing-partial-nephrectomy
#13
Ercan Malkoc, Matthew J Maurice, Onder Kara, Daniel Ramirez, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Pascal Mouracade, Robert Stein, Jihad H Kaouk
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of approach on surgical outcomes in otherwise healthy obese patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for small renal masses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using our institutional partial nephrectomy database, we abstracted data on otherwise healthy (Charlson comorbidity score ≤1 and bilateral kidneys), obese patients (body mass index >30 kg/m(2) ) with small renal masses (<4 cm) treated between 2011 and 2015. The primary outcomes were intra-operative transfusion, operating time, length of hospital stay (LOS), and postoperative complications...
October 4, 2016: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671904/non-modifiable-factors-predict-discharge-quality-after-robotic-partial-nephrectomy
#14
Matthew J Maurice, Daniel Ramirez, Önder Kara, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Ercan Malkoç, Jihad H Kaouk
PURPOSE: To identify predictors of poor discharge quality after robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) at a large academic center. METHODS: We queried our institutional RPN database for consecutive patients treated between 2011 and 2015. The primary outcome was poor discharge quality, defined as length of stay >3 days and/or unplanned readmission. The association between patient, disease, and provider factors and overall discharge quality was assessed using univariate and multivariable analyses...
September 26, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663909/epidemiology-microbiology-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-candidemia-in-internal-medicine-wards-a-retrospective-study
#15
Noa Eliakim-Raz, Roi Babaoff, Dafna Yahav, Shirly Yanai, Hila Shaked, Jihad Bishara
BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics of internal medicine ward (IMW) patients with candidemia are unclear. The aim of this study was to define the clinical characteristics of candidemic IMW patients and to study the incidence, species distribution, and outcomes of these patients compared to surgical and intensive care unit (ICU) candidemic patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of candidemic patients in IMWs, general surgery wards, and an ICU at Beilinson Hospital during the period 2007-2014 was analyzed...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663423/robotic-and-open-partial-nephrectomy-for-localized-renal-tumors-larger-than-7%C3%A2-cm-a-single-center-experience
#16
Ercan Malkoc, Daniel Ramirez, Onder Kara, Matthew J Maurice, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Jihad H Kaouk
PURPOSE: To compare perioperative outcomes between robotic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy for localized >7 cm tumors. METHODS: We identified patients in our institutional review boards approved database who underwent robotic partial nephrectomy or open partial nephrectomy for treatment of renal tumors >7 cm in size between January 2009 and August 2015. The operative-postoperative outcomes and complications were compared between groups. RESULTS: The number of patients with >7 cm renal tumors treated at our center with robotic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy were 54 and 56, respectively...
September 23, 2016: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647625/risk-factors-for-short-and-long-term-mortality-in-very-old-patients-with-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-retrospective-study
#17
Yaara Leibovici-Weissman, Alaa Atamna, Agata Schlesinger, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Jihad Bishara, Dafna Yahav
AIM: Most cases of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) occur in patients aged 65 years and older. Older age is associated with increased mortality. Risk factors for mortality in patients aged 80 years and older are not well recognized. METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data including 184 patients aged 80 years and older hospitalized with CDI during 2009-2014. We aimed to delineate risk factors for short- and long-term mortality. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality was 33...
September 20, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642487/-pregnancy-induced-erythroblastopenia-about-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Drissi Jihad, Kouach Jaouad, Moussaoui Driss, Dehayni Mohamed
Pregnancy induced erythroblastopenia is an exceptional pathologic entity. Only isolated cases have been described in English literature. The aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics of this extremely rare disease through the description of a new case of pregnancy induced erythroblastopenia and through the study of the 17 cases reported before.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635284/is-robotic-partial-nephrectomy-convenient-for-solitary-kidney
#19
REVIEW
Jihad H Kaouk, Ercan Malkoç
Nephron sparing surgery (NSS) is the gold standard treatment option for patients with a solitary kidney in order to preserve renal function. Open partial nephrectomy (OPN) has been long considered the standard care for NSS. Robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) is being gradually used more commonly even for solitary kidney and complex tumors. There was no difference between RPN and OPN regarding the rate of intraoperative-postoperative complications and positive surgical margin (PSM) (RPN: 7.5%, OPN: 8%) for patients with solitary kidney who underwent partial nephrectomy for small renal masses...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626017/blood-loss-estimation-using-gauze-visual-analogue
#20
Emran Ali Algadiem, Abdulmohsen Ali Aleisa, Huda Ibrahim Alsubaie, Noora Radhi Buhlaiqah, Jihad Bagir Algadeeb, Hussain Ali Alsneini
BACKGROUND: Estimating intraoperative blood loss can be a difficult task, especially when blood is mostly absorbed by gauze. In this study, we have provided an improved method for estimating blood absorbed by gauze. OBJECTIVES: To develop a guide to estimate blood absorbed by surgical gauze. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical experiment was conducted using aspirated blood and common surgical gauze to create a realistic amount of absorbed blood in the gauze...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
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