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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657859/a-survey-of-practices-for-the-use-of-electronic-health-records-to-support-research-recruitment
#1
Jihad S Obeid, Laura M Beskow, Marie Rape, Ramkiran Gouripeddi, R Anthony Black, James J Cimino, Peter J Embi, Chunhua Weng, Rebecca Marnocha, John B Buse
Electronic health records (EHRs) provide great promise for identifying cohorts and enhancing research recruitment. Such approaches are sorely needed, but there are few descriptions in the literature of prevailing practices to guide their use. A multidisciplinary workgroup was formed to examine current practices in the use of EHRs in recruitment and to propose future directions. The group surveyed consortium members regarding current practices. Over 98% of the Clinical and Translational Science Award Consortium responded to the survey...
August 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657845/long-term-bone-remodelling-around-legendary-cementless-femoral-stems
#2
Charles Rivière, Guido Grappiolo, Charles A Engh, Jean-Pierre Vidalain, Antonia-F Chen, Nicolas Boehler, Jihad Matta, Pascal-André Vendittoli
Bone remodelling around a stem is an unavoidable long-term physiological process highly related to implant design. For some predisposed patients, it can lead to periprosthetic bone loss secondary to severe stress-shielding, which is thought to be detrimental by contributing to late loosening, late periprosthetic fracture, and thus rendering revision surgery more complicated.However, these concerns remain theoretical, since late loosening has yet to be documented among bone ingrowth cementless stems demonstrating periprosthetic bone loss associated with stress-shielding...
February 2018: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648692/multimodality-imaging-for-evaluation-of-chest-pain-using-strain-analysis-at-rest-and-peak-exercise
#3
Mohamad Jihad Mansour, Wael AlJaroudi, Omar Hamoui, Sarah Chaaban, Elie Chammas
BACKGROUND: Exercise stress echocardiography (SE) is commonly used for diagnosing coronary artery disease (CAD). The use of quantitative echocardiographic measures such as strain imaging is expected to improve the sensitivity of conventional SE which relies on the visual diagnosis of wall-motion abnormalities (WMAs). This study is set to demonstrate the added value of resting and exercise strain analysis to detect underlying microangiopathy and inducible myocardial ischemia during a resting and SE in comparison with the results of coronary computed tomographic angiogram (CCTA)...
April 12, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648529/gram-negative-bloodstream-infections-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-retrospective-study
#4
Orit Shimon, Hefziba Green, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Benaya Rozen-Zvi, Haim Ben-Zvi, Iris Zohar, Jihad Bishara, Dafna Yahav
BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are an important cause of hospitalizations and mortality among hemodialysis (HD) patients. Epidemiology of these infections is changing, with increasing rates of Gram-negative pathogens, including resistant ones. Few studies have focused on the characteristics and outcomes of these infections. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to document the causative pathogens of BSIs in HD patients and their clinical outcomes during 2008 - 2015, and to compare risk factors, clinical features, appropriateness of therapy, and outcomes between patients with Gram-negative vs...
April 12, 2018: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627950/molecular-based-diagnosis-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-is-associated-with-reduced-mortality
#5
Tomer Avni, Tanya Babich, Haim Ben-Zvi, Alaa Atamna, Dafna Yahav, Daniel Shepshelovich, Yaara Leibovici-Weissman, Jihad Bishara
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) might result in overdiagnosis. The clinical outcomes of symptomatic CDI patients diagnosed by PCR remain uncertain. We aimed to determine whether patients whose diagnosis of CDI was based on PCR had different characteristics and clinical outcomes than those diagnosed by toxin immunoassay. Consecutive CDI patients, hospitalized at Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Hospital, Petah Tikva, Israel, between January 2013 and January 2016, were identified retrospectively and included in the study...
April 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625934/comparative-antioxidant-and-antidiabetic-effects-of-syzygium-polyanthumleaf-and-momordica-charantia-fruit-extracts
#6
Muhammad Jihad Sandikapura, Shaik Nyamathulla, Mohamed Ibrahim Noordin
The study was aimed to perform aqueous extraction of two plants using different extraction methods, and evaluate their antioxidant and antidiabetic potential. Plant materials were extracted by maceration, soxhlet, sonication and fresh juice methods to produce aqueous extracts. In vitro antioxidant DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2- picrylhydrazyl) and FRAP (Ferric reducing antioxidant power), antidiabetic α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzyme inhibitory assays were carried out on the extracts. Extracts of Syzygium polyanthum demonstrated better free radical scavenging and antidiabetic activity than Momordica charantia...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608665/transoesophageal-echocardiography-guided-emergency-valve-in-valve-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#7
Jihad Hamudi, Ronen Jaffe, Nader Khader, Salim Adawi, Avinoam Shiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576445/feasibility-of-cisplatin-based-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-patients-with-diminished-renal-function
#8
Vadim S Koshkin, Pedro C Barata, Lisa A Rybicki, Haris Zahoor, Nima Almassi, Alicia M Redden, Amr F Fergany, Jihad Kaouk, Georges-Pascal Haber, Andrew J Stephenson, Moshe C Ornstein, Timothy Gilligan, Jorge A Garcia, Brian I Rini, Petros Grivas
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) before radical cystectomy is the standard of care in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. There are limited data regarding chemotherapy tolerability and outcomes for patients with low glomerular filtration rate (GFR) who receive cisplatin-based NAC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who received cisplatin-based NAC at Cleveland Clinic (2005-2016) was undertaken. Patients with pre-NAC GFR < 60 mL/min by either Cockcroft-Gault (CG) or Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula were compared to patients with GFR ≥ 60 mL/min for NAC tolerability, pathologic complete and partial response (pPR), and the ability to undergo radical cystectomy...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575992/below-the-knee-retrograde-access-for-peripheral-interventions-a-systematic-review
#9
Rutger H A Welling, Olaf J Bakker, Dierk Scheinert, Frans L Moll, Constantijn E Hazenberg, Jihad A Mustapha, Gert J de Borst, Andrej Schmidt
PURPOSE: To investigate the hypothesis that interventions involving retrograde below-the-knee (BTK) vessel punctures have an acceptably low complication rate and high procedural success. METHODS: A systematic review was performed of the MEDLINE and Scopus databases for articles describing the results of BTK retrograde access for peripheral interventions. Outcome measures were access success, procedure success, and complications. A predefined subgroup analysis was performed of prospective studies to reduce the influence of possible reporting bias on outcomes...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566246/efficacy-and-safety-of-glecaprevir-pibrentasvir-in-patients-co-infected-with-hepatitis-c-virus-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-the-expedition-2-study
#10
Jürgen Kurt Rockstroh, Karine Lacombe, Rolando M Viani, Chloe Orkin, David Wyles, Anne F Luetkemeyer, Ruth Soto-Malave, Robert Flisiak, Sanjay Bhagani, Kenneth E Sherman, Tatiana Shimonova, Peter Ruane, Joseph Sasadeusz, Jihad Slim, Zhenzhen Zhang, Suvajit Samanta, Teresa I Ng, Abhishek Gulati, Matthew P Kosloski, Nancy S Shulman, Roger Trinh, Mark Sulkowski
Background: Once-daily glecaprevir coformulated with pibrentasvir (glecaprevir/pibrentasvir) has demonstrated high rates of sustained virologic response 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR12) in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1-6 infection. This phase 3 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1-6 and HIV-1 co-infection, including patients with compensated cirrhosis. Methods: EXPEDITION-2 was a phase 3, multicenter, open-label study evaluating glecaprevir/pibrentasvir (300 mg/120 mg) in HCV genotype 1-6/HIV-1 co-infected adults without and with compensated cirrhosis for 8 and 12 weeks, respectively...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551583/prognostic-factors-and-risk-stratification-in-invasive-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma
#11
Hamid Emamekhoo, Puneet Dhillon, Dharmesh Gopalakrishnan, Paul Elson, Andrew Stephenson, Cristina Magi-Galluzzi, Jesse McKenney, Holly Harper, Georges-Pascal Haber, Jihad Kaouk, Byron Lee, Amr Fergany, Ryan Berglund, Michael Gong, Robert Stein, Venkatesh Krishnamurthi, Timothy Gilligan, Moshe Ornstein, Brian Rini, Jorge Garcia, Petros Grivas
BACKGROUND: Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) accounts for approximately 5% of all urothelial cancers. Because of similarities in morphology and histology between UTUC and urothelial carcinoma of the bladder, most treatment guidelines used for UTUC are extrapolated from the urothelial bladder carcinoma setting. With the emergence of new treatment modalities, such as immunotherapy, UTUC-specific prognostic and predictive models are needed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 454 UTUC patients who received surgery at Cleveland Clinic (1995-2014) was conducted...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533826/influential-third-party-on-water-right-conflict-a-game-theory-approach-to-achieve-the-desired-equilibrium-case-study-ilam-dam-iran
#12
Hossein Zanjanian, Hamid Abdolabadi, Mohammad Hossein Niksokhan, Amin Sarang
Allocating water to organizational stakeholders poses a vital challenge to water managers. Organizations which benefit from water as the primary factor input attempt to achieve their objectives using cost-effective and quick-return strategies, such as increasing the water rights. In such circumstances, lack of water probably results in the conflict. Recognizing the management approaches, organizational priorities, and the stakeholders' influence power can play a dominant role in analyzing the future of such conflicts...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533505/robotic-transvesical-partial-prostatectomy-using-a-purpose-built-single-port-robotic-system
#13
Jihad Kaouk, Daniel Sagalovich, Juan Garisto
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignancy among men in the western world.1 Organ confined PCa treatment relies on a precise evaluation of the primary disease site. With the evolution of technology, prostate imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are being used to localize PCa lesions dramatically impacting the management of this urologic malignancy2 . This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 13, 2018: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530703/mechanism-of-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-southwestern-uganda-a-prospective-cohort-of-100-patients
#14
Maria Punchak, Jihad Abdelgadir, Oscar Obiga, Martha Itait, Josephine N Najjuma, Michael M Haglund, David Kitya
BACKGROUND: RTIs, falls and violence contribute to more than two thirds of pediatric TBIs in SSA. In this study, we sought to assess mechanisms of pediatric TBI in an effort to propose interventions for more effective pediatric head injury prevention. METHODS: A cohort of 100 patients who were <18 years treated at MRRH between November 2016 and June 2017 were enrolled in the study. Information on etiology of injury was obtained via a questionnaire administered to patient caretakers at the time of admission...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530644/do-clinicians-want-recommendations-a-multi-center-study-comparing-evidence-summaries-with-and-without-grade-recommendations
#15
Ignacio Neumann, Pablo Alonso-Coello, Per Olav Vandvik, Thomas Agoritsas, Gemma Mas, Elie A Akl, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Jose Emparanza, Lauren McCullagh, Catherine De Sitio, Thomas McGinn, Hind Almodaimegh, Khalid Almodaimegh, Solange Rivera, Luis Rojas, Jérôme Stirnemann, Jihad Irani, Sani Hlais, Reem Mustafa, Fadi Bdair, Abdelrahman Aly, Annette Kristiansen, Ariel Izcovich, Anggie Ramirez, Jan Brozek, Gordon Guyatt, Holger J Schünemann
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines provide recommendations to assist clinicians in decision-making and to reduce the gap between best current research evidence and clinical practice. However, some argue that providing pre-appraised evidence summaries alone, rather than recommendations, is more appropriate. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinicians' preferences, understanding of the evidence and intended course of action in response to evidence summaries with and without recommendations...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521923/predictors-of-pressure-injuries-in-a-critical-care-unit-in-lebanon-prevalence-characteristics-and-associated-factors
#16
Jihad El-Marsi, Salah Zein-El-Dine, Bana Zein, Rita Doumit, Lina Kurdahi Badr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with pressure injury in a medical-surgical intensive care unit (MSICU). DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: We reviewed the medical records of 145 patients who developed a new pressure injury in the MSICU of a 420-bed university medical center in Lebanon. METHODS: Medical records of all patients cared for in the MSICU from December 2014 to June 2017 were reviewed by a research assistant using a standardized form...
March 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520511/social-inequalities-in-oral-health-in-a-group-of-older-people-in-a-middle-eastern-country-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Nada El Osta, Lana El Osta, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz, Robert Saad, Carole Abi-Ghosn, Martine Hennequin, Stephanie Tubert-Jeannin, Jihad Fakhouri
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The percentage of Lebanese older people has increased considerably. Given that Lebanese seniors are marginalized in the health policy-making process, we suggest a high social inequality in oral health that has not been studied so far. The purpose of our study was to describe and compare oral health status in a group of Lebanese older people according to their socioeconomic status (SES) MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were recruited from three different primary health care clinics in Beirut, Lebanon...
March 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513389/a-prospective-multi-center-study-of-the-chocolate-balloon-in-femoropopliteal-peripheral-artery-disease-the-chocolate-bar-registry
#18
Jihad A Mustapha, Alexandra Lansky, Mehdi Shishehbor, John Miles McClure, Sarah Johnson, Thomas Davis, Prakash Makam, William Crowder, Eitan Konstantino, Robert R Attaran
The Chocolate BAR study is a prospective multicenter post-market registry designed to evaluate the safety and performance of the Chocolate percutaneous transluminal angioplasty balloon catheter in a broad population with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. The primary endpoint is acute procedural success (defined as ≤30% residual stenosis without flow-limiting dissection); secondary long-term outcomes include freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR), major unplanned amputation, survival, and patency...
March 7, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508233/factors-that-can-help-select-the-timing-for-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-mca-stroke
#19
Saadat Kamran, Abdul Salam, Naveed Akhtar, Ayman Alboudi, Kainat Kamran, Rajvir Singh, Numan Amir, Jihad Inshasi, Uwais Qidwai, Rayaz A Malik, Ashfaq Shuaib
In patients with malignant middle cerebral artery (MMCA) stroke, a vital clinically relevant question is determination of the speed with which infarction evolves to select the time for decompressive hemicraniectomy [DHC]. A retrospective, multicenter cross-sectional study of patients referred for DHC, based on the criteria of randomized controlled trials, was undertaken to identify factors for selecting the timing of DHC in MMCA stroke, stratified by time [< 48, 48-72, > 72 h]. Infarction volume and infarct growth rate [IGR] were measured on all CT scans...
March 6, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503256/short-term-results-of-the-efficacy-of-percutaneous-tibial-nerve-stimulation-on-urinary-symptoms-and-its-financial-cost
#20
Zehra Kurdoğlu, Danielle Carr, Jihad Harmouche, Serdar Ünlü, Gökhan S Kılıç
OBJECTIVE: Overactive bladder (OAB) affects 16.9% of women in the United States. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) is a third-line treatment for patients who are refractory to behavioral and pharmacologic therapies. We aimed to evaluate the effects of PTNS on urinary symptoms in patients diagnosed as having refractory OAB and investigate the cost of medications and clinical visits before and after PTNS treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed 60 women with refractory OAB treated with PTNS...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
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