Read by QxMD icon Read


Jihad Slim, Christopher F Saling
Advancements in antiretroviral therapy have drastically increased the life expectancy for those infected with HIV. Today, a new subgroup of older patients with long-term controlled HIV exists, and its populace is continuously mounting. Therefore, it is essential to understand the enduring effects of chronic suppressed HIV infection in order to further improve HIV management in these patients. This paper will examine the role of HIV in chronic inflammation and immune dysfunction, the dynamic interaction that exists between comorbidity and HIV, and the potential consequences of long-term antiretroviral therapy in an effort to provide the best management options for the virally suppressed HIV patient...
2016: BioMed Research International
Hiury S Andrade, Jihad H Kaouk, Homayoun Zargar, Peter A Caputo, Oktay Akca, Daniel Ramirez, Riccardo Autorino, Mark Noble, Robert J Stein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Yaw A Nyame, Helen Liang, Hans C Arora, Bradley C Gill, Peter Caputo, Daniel Ramirez, Matthew J Maurice, Khaled Fareed, Robert J Stein, Georges-Pascal Haber, Andrew J Stephenson, Amr Fergany, Jihad Kaouk
PURPOSE: Currently no data exists to guide renal surgeons on the perioperative use of renin-angiotensin (RAS) blockers despite their potential cardiorenal benefits. This study aims to assess the impact of resuming RAS blockers on postoperative renal function and adverse cardiac events following partial nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an observational analysis of patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy from 2006-2014 at a single institution...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Urology
James Torey, Anwar Zaitoun, Thomas Lalonde, John Runyon, Jihad Mustapha, Thomas Davis
OBJECTIVES: CENTRAL was a prospective, multicenter, 100 patient study designed to evaluate the ability of a recanalization catheter system to cross chronic total occlusions (CTOs) of the superficial femoral artery while staying within the central vessel lumen. METHODS: The primary endpoint was the successful crossing of a CTO (≥90% of the length) with the recanalization catheter in the central lumen of the superficial femoral artery in at least one-half of the studied patient population, confirmed by intravascular ultrasound...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Shantanu Bhatt, Marisa Egan, Valerie Jenkins, Sarah Muche, Jihad El-Fenej
Enterohemorrhagic and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli are gastrointestinal pathogens that disrupt the intestinal microvilli to form attaching and effacing (A/E) lesions on infected cells and cause diarrhea. This pathomorphological trait is encoded within the pathogenicity island locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE). The LEE houses a type 3 secretion system (T3SS), which upon assembly bridges the bacterial cytosol to that of the host and enables the bacterium to traffic dozens of effectors into the host where they hijack regulatory and signal transduction pathways and contribute to bacterial colonization and disease...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Ercan Malkoc, Matthew J Maurice, Onder Kara, Daniel Ramirez, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Pascal Mouracade, Robert Stein, Jihad H Kaouk
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of approach on surgical outcomes in otherwise healthy obese patients undergoing partial nephrectomy for small renal masses. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using our institutional partial nephrectomy database, we abstracted data on otherwise healthy (Charlson score ≤1 and bilateral kidneys), obese patients (body mass index >30 kg/m(2) ) with small renal masses (<4 cm) treated between 2011 and 2015. The primary outcomes were intraoperative transfusion, operative time, length of stay, and postoperative complications...
October 4, 2016: BJU International
Matthew J Maurice, Daniel Ramirez, Önder Kara, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Ercan Malkoç, Jihad H Kaouk
PURPOSE: To identify predictors of poor discharge quality after robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) at a large academic center. METHODS: We queried our institutional RPN database for consecutive patients treated between 2011 and 2015. The primary outcome was poor discharge quality, defined as length of stay >3 days and/or unplanned readmission. The association between patient, disease, and provider factors and overall discharge quality was assessed using univariate and multivariable analyses...
September 26, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
Noa Eliakim-Raz, Roi Babaoff, Dafna Yahav, Shirly Yanai, Hila Shaked, Jihad Bishara
BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics of internal medicine ward (IMW) patients with candidemia are unclear. The aim of this study was to define the clinical characteristics of candidemic IMW patients and to study the incidence, species distribution, and outcomes of these patients compared to surgical and intensive care unit (ICU) candidemic patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of candidemic patients in IMWs, general surgery wards, and an ICU at Beilinson Hospital during the period 2007-2014 was analyzed...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Ercan Malkoc, Daniel Ramirez, Onder Kara, Matthew J Maurice, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Jihad H Kaouk
PURPOSE: To compare perioperative outcomes between robotic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy for localized >7 cm tumors. METHODS: We identified patients in our institutional review boards approved database who underwent robotic partial nephrectomy or open partial nephrectomy for treatment of renal tumors >7 cm in size between January 2009 and August 2015. The operative-postoperative outcomes and complications were compared between groups. RESULTS: The number of patients with >7 cm renal tumors treated at our center with robotic partial nephrectomy and open partial nephrectomy were 54 and 56, respectively...
September 23, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Yaara Leibovici-Weissman, Alaa Atamna, Agata Schlesinger, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Jihad Bishara, Dafna Yahav
AIM: Most cases of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) occur in patients aged 65 years and older. Older age is associated with increased mortality. Risk factors for mortality in patients aged 80 years and older are not well recognized. METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data including 184 patients aged 80 years and older hospitalized with CDI during 2009-2014. We aimed to delineate risk factors for short- and long-term mortality. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality was 33...
September 20, 2016: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Drissi Jihad, Kouach Jaouad, Moussaoui Driss, Dehayni Mohamed
Pregnancy induced erythroblastopenia is an exceptional pathologic entity. Only isolated cases have been described in English literature. The aim of this study is to analyze the characteristics of this extremely rare disease through the description of a new case of pregnancy induced erythroblastopenia and through the study of the 17 cases reported before.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
Jihad H Kaouk, Ercan Malkoç
Nephron sparing surgery (NSS) is the gold standard treatment option for patients with a solitary kidney in order to preserve renal function. Open partial nephrectomy (OPN) has been long considered the standard care for NSS. Robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) is being gradually used more commonly even for solitary kidney and complex tumors. There was no difference between RPN and OPN regarding the rate of intraoperative-postoperative complications and positive surgical margin (PSM) (RPN: 7.5%, OPN: 8%) for patients with solitary kidney who underwent partial nephrectomy for small renal masses...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
Emran Ali Algadiem, Abdulmohsen Ali Aleisa, Huda Ibrahim Alsubaie, Noora Radhi Buhlaiqah, Jihad Bagir Algadeeb, Hussain Ali Alsneini
BACKGROUND: Estimating intraoperative blood loss can be a difficult task, especially when blood is mostly absorbed by gauze. In this study, we have provided an improved method for estimating blood absorbed by gauze. OBJECTIVES: To develop a guide to estimate blood absorbed by surgical gauze. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clinical experiment was conducted using aspirated blood and common surgical gauze to create a realistic amount of absorbed blood in the gauze...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
Tamara M Johnson, Chandrika Chitturi, Michael Lange, Jin S Suh, Jihad Slim
Streptococcus pneumoniae vertebral infections have rarely been reported. Herein, we report a case of pneumococcal vertebral osteomyelitis with paraspinal and epidural abscesses as well as concomitant bacteremia following epidural injection. This will be the second case in the literature reporting pneumococcal vertebral osteomyelitis related to epidural manipulation.
July 2016: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
Matthew J Maurice, Daniel Ramirez, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Önder Kara, Ercan Malkoç, Jihad H Kaouk
INTRODUCTION: The surgical morbidity of ipsilateral synchronous multifocality (ISM) is poorly characterized. We assessed the impact of ISM on complications after robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We abstracted data on RPN cases performed between 2006 and 2015 at our institution. Multifocal disease was characterized by >1 renal mass on preoperative imaging or >1 mass excision during RPN. The primary outcome was the rate of overall postoperative complications...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Peter A Caputo, Homayoun Zargar, Daniel Ramirez, Hiury S Andrade, Oktay Akca, Tianming Gao, Jihad H Kaouk
BACKGROUND: The traditional treatment for a cT1b renal tumor has been radical nephrectomy. However, recent guidelines have shifted towards partial nephrectomy (PN) in selected patients with cT1b renal tumors. Furthermore, practitioners have extended the role of cryoablation (CA) to treat cT1b tumors in selected patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of CA compared to PN for cT1b renal tumors. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed a retrospective review of patients who underwent either renal CA (laparoscopic or percutaneous) or PN (robot-assisted) for a cT1b renal mass (>4cm and ≤7cm) between November 1999 and August 2014...
August 24, 2016: European Urology
Craig M Walker, Jihad Mustapha, Thomas Zeller, Andrej Schmidt, Miguel Montero-Baker, Aravinda Nanjundappa, Marco Manzi, Luis Mariano Palena, Nelson Bernardo, Yazan Khatib, Robert Beasley, Luis Leon, Fadi A Saab, Adam R Shields, George L Adams
PURPOSE: To report a prospective, multicenter, observational study ( identifier NCT01609621) of the safety and effectiveness of tibiopedal access and retrograde crossing in the treatment of infrainguinal chronic total occlusions (CTOs). METHODS: Twelve sites around the world prospectively enrolled 197 patients (mean age 71±11 years, range 41-93; 129 men) from May 2012 to July 2013 who met the inclusion criterion of at least one CTO for which a retrograde crossing procedure was planned or became necessary...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Rémi Coudroy, Didier Payen, Yoann Launey, Anne-Claire Lukaszewicz, Mahmoud Kaaki, Benoit Veber, Olivier Collange, Antoine Dewitte, Laurent Martin-Lefevre, Matthieu Jabaudon, Thomas Kerforne, Martine Ferrandière, Eric Kipnis, Carlos Vela, Stéphanie Chevalier, Jihad Mallat, Sandrine Charreau, Jean-Claude Lecron, René Robert
Conflicting results have been reported on the influence of Polymyxin-B hemoperfusion treatment on systemic inflammation markers. The aim of study was to assess in a randomized control trial the influence on plasma cytokine concentrations of Polymyxin-B hemoperfusion in septic shock due to peritonitis. A panel of 10 pro- or anti-inflammatory cytokines was measured in 213 patients with peritonitis-induced septic shock enrolled in the randomized trial ABDOMIX testing the impact of 2 Polymyxin-B hemoperfusion sessions with standard treatment...
August 8, 2016: Shock
Jason Shayne Dazley, Lakshmi Durga Sriramulu, Jihad Slim
Hepatitis C virus infection is a hot topic for both effective treatment and elevated cost. This case series describes the cost saving for the healthcare system of any nation of treating HCV in many situations, including that of overt cirrhosis. Case#1 is of a HCV/HIV infected cirrhotic patient with MELD score of 17, Child Pugh score B, recurrent esophageal bleeds ceased after successful treatment with sofosbuvir and simepravir. Case#2 is a patient also co-infected with HCV/HIV MELD score of 18, Child Pugh score B, with grade 3 esophageal varices and frequent bleed with significant anemia...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Onder Kara, Matthew J Maurice, Ercan Malkoc, Daniel Ramirez, Ryan J Nelson, Peter A Caputo, Robert J Stein, Jihad H Kaouk
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes between robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) and open PN (OPN) for completely endophytic renal tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1 230 consecutive cases, consisting of 823 RAPNs and 407 OPNs, performed for renal mass at a single academic tertiary centre between 2011 and 2016. Of these, data on 87 RAPN and 56 OPN cases for completely endophytic renal tumours were analysed. Patient and tumour characteristics, operative, postoperative, functional, and oncological outcomes were compared between groups...
August 1, 2016: BJU International
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"