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Usual interstitial pneumonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214060/interstitial-lung-disease-the-diagnostic-role-of-bronchoscopy
#1
REVIEW
Jad Kebbe, Tony Abdo
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) form one of the most fascinating fields in pulmonary medicine. They also pose one of the greatest challenges for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. Even within the recommended and warranted multidisciplinary approach, differentiating between one disease and another may lead to frustration, especially when proper lung tissue is not available for adequate pathological review. A surgical lung biopsy (SLB) might render enough tissue for histopathology, but this could come at the expense of high morbidity and even mortality, as in the case of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207437/unfavourable-outcome-of-glucocorticoid-treatment-in-suspected-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#2
Ivo A Wiertz, Wim A Wuyts, Coline H M van Moorsel, Adriane D M Vorselaars, Hendrik W van Es, Matthijs F M van Oosterhout, Jan C Grutters
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The diagnostic classification of 'possible idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (posIPF)' is characterized by a radiological pattern of inconsistent usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scan and a UIP pattern in surgical lung biopsy (SLB). The evidence base to guide treatment for patients with posIPF is lacking; the clinician must choose between observation, treatment with immunomodulatory agents or anti-fibrotic agents. METHODS: To evaluate outcomes of immunomodulatory treatment, a multicentre cohort of 59 posIPF patients treated with prednisone was analysed retrospectively...
December 5, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202834/development-and-validation-of-a-preoperative-prognostic-index-independent-of-tnm-stage-in-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Shogo Kumagai, Satoshi Marumo, Machiko Arita, Keiji Yamanashi, Ryota Sumitomo, Yosuke Otake, Tsuyoshi Shoji, Motonari Fukui, Toshiro Katayama, Norihito Okumura, Cheng-Long Huang
BACKGROUND: Previously reported prognostic tools for patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) include factors found postoperatively, but not preoperatively. However, it would be important to predict patient prognosis before NSCLC resection. To suggest a novel preoperative prognostic tool, we evaluated the relationship of preoperative prognostic factors with the survival of patients with resected NSCLC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of two independent cohorts of patients with completely resected NSCLC...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193209/cicatricial-organizing-pneumonia-mimicking-a-fibrosing-interstitial-pneumonia
#4
Andrew Churg, Joanne L Wright, AnaMaria Bilawich
AIMS: Organizing pneumonia (OP) is composed of loose granulation tissue plugs in distal airspaces; these disappear with steroid treatment. Recently a variant labeled "cicatricial" OP has been described in which the granulation tissue organized to much denser fibrous tissue but still retained the usual pattern of OP. Here we report 10 patients thought to have an interstitial lung disease, and who on biopsy had a variant of cicatricial OP characterized by linear bands or small nodular masses of dense fibrous tissue that does not resemble ordinary OP...
November 29, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178216/diagnostic-utility-of-surgical-lung-biopsies-in-elderly-patients-with-indeterminate-interstitial-lung-disease
#5
Laszlo T Vaszar, Brandon T Larsen, Karen L Swanson, Jay H Ryu, Henry D Tazelaar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is increasingly diagnosed by clinical and computed tomography (CT) criteria; however, surgical lung biopsy (SLB) may still be required in patients who lack definite CT features of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). We reviewed a cohort of elderly patients who underwent SLB, to evaluate the benefit of SLB in diagnosing idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP). METHODS: We searched the pathology records of Mayo Clinic for ambulatory patients at least 75 years old, who underwent SLB between 2000 and 2012 for indeterminate IIP...
November 27, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173442/clinical-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-a-retrospective-multicenter-study
#6
Yasunori Enomoto, Yutaro Nakamura, Yasuomi Satake, Hiromitsu Sumikawa, Takeshi Johkoh, Thomas V Colby, Hideki Yasui, Hironao Hozumi, Masato Karayama, Yuzo Suzuki, Kazuki Furuhashi, Tomoyuki Fujisawa, Noriyuki Enomoto, Naoki Inui, Toshihide Iwashita, Shigeki Kuroishi, Koshi Yokomura, Naoki Koshimizu, Mikio Toyoshima, Shiro Imokawa, Takashi Yamada, Toshihiro Shirai, Hiroshi Hayakawa, Takafumi Suda
BACKGROUND: Although the accurate diagnosis of pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) requires pathologic evaluation, this diagnosis is often suggested when the radiologic findings are consistent with typical PPFE and when pulmonary apical cap, which radiologically and pathologically mimics PPFE, can be excluded by confirming disease progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the clinical diagnosis of idiopathic PPFE. METHODS: We recruited 44 patients with idiopathic PPFE according to our modified diagnostic criteria: 1) a radiologic PPFE pattern (i...
December 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160385/usual-interstitial-pneumonia-typical-possible-and-inconsistent-patterns
#7
Pedro Paulo Teixeira E Silva Torres, Marcelo Fouad Rabahi, Maria Auxiliadora Carmo Moreira, Gustavo de Souza Portes Meirelles, Edson Marchiori
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a severe and progressive chronic fibrosing interstitial lung disease, a definitive diagnosis being established by specific combinations of clinical, radiological, and pathological findings. According to current international guidelines, HRCT plays a key role in establishing a diagnosis of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). Current guidelines describe three UIP patterns based on HRCT findings: a typical UIP pattern; a pattern designated "possible UIP"; and a pattern designated "inconsistent with UIP", each pattern having important diagnostic implications...
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154106/diagnostic-criteria-for-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-a-fleischner-society-white-paper
#8
REVIEW
David A Lynch, Nicola Sverzellati, William D Travis, Kevin K Brown, Thomas V Colby, Jeffrey R Galvin, Jonathan G Goldin, David M Hansell, Yoshikazu Inoue, Takeshi Johkoh, Andrew G Nicholson, Shandra L Knight, Suhail Raoof, Luca Richeldi, Christopher J Ryerson, Jay H Ryu, Athol U Wells
This Review provides an updated approach to the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), based on a systematic search of the medical literature and the expert opinion of members of the Fleischner Society. A checklist is provided for the clinical evaluation of patients with suspected usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). The role of CT is expanded to permit diagnosis of IPF without surgical lung biopsy in select cases when CT shows a probable UIP pattern. Additional investigations, including surgical lung biopsy, should be considered in patients with either clinical or CT findings that are indeterminate for IPF...
November 15, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149880/analytical-performance-of-envisia-a-genomic-classifier-for-usual-interstitial-pneumonia
#9
Yoonha Choi, Jiayi Lu, Zhanzhi Hu, Daniel G Pankratz, Huimin Jiang, Manqiu Cao, Cristina Marchisano, Jennifer Huiras, Grazyna Fedorowicz, Mei G Wong, Jessica R Anderson, Edward Y Tom, Joshua Babiarz, Urooj Imtiaz, Neil M Barth, P Sean Walsh, Giulia C Kennedy, Jing Huang
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines specify that diagnosis of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) requires identification of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) pattern. While UIP can be identified by high resolution CT of the chest, the results are often inconclusive, making surgical lung biopsy necessary to reach a definitive diagnosis (Raghu et al., Am J Respir Crit Care Med 183(6):788-824, 2011). The Envisia genomic classifier differentiates UIP from non-UIP pathology in transbronchial biopsies (TBB), potentially allowing patients to avoid an invasive procedure (Brown et al...
November 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140119/ct-features-of-the-usual-interstitial-pneumonia-pattern-differentiating-connective-tissue-disease-associated-interstitial-lung-disease-from-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#10
Jonathan H Chung, Christian W Cox, Steven M Montner, Ayodeji Adegunsoye, Justin M Oldham, Aliya N Husain, Rekha Vij, Imre Noth, David A Lynch, Mary E Strek
OBJECTIVE: A substantial proportion of cases of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) are due to connective tissue disease (CTD)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). The purpose of this study was to determine whether specific CT findings can help differentiate a UIP pattern of CTD-ILD from a UIP pattern of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and whether these signs are associated with survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adults visiting an ILD clinic from 2006 to 2015 enrolled in a research registry with a multidisciplinary diagnosis of CTD-ILD or IPF and a UIP pattern at high-resolution CT were included in the study...
November 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124429/what-factors-determine-the-survival-of-patients-with-an-acute-exacerbation-of-interstitial-lung-disease-after-lung-cancer-resection
#11
Masahiro Miyajima, Atsushi Watanabe, Toshihiko Sato, Satoshi Teramukai, Masahito Ebina, Kazuma Kishi, Yukihiko Sugiyama, Haruhiko Kondo, Satoru Kobayashi, Yutaka Takahashi, Hiroyuki Ito, Ryoji Yamamoto, Shigeki Sawada, Hideki Fujimori, Kazunori Okabe, Jun Arikura, Yasushi Shintani, Hiroshige Nakamura, Shinichi Toyooka, Tohru Hasumi, Takehiro Watanabe, Yoshinobu Hata, Hisashi Iwata, Minoru Aoki, Kazuhito Funai, Shuhei Inoue, Osamu Kawashima, Tomohiko Iida, Hiroshi Date
PURPOSES: Acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia (AEIP) is a leading cause of death after lung cancer resection in patients with interstitial lung disease. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 1763 patients with non-small cell lung cancer with a clinical diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) who underwent lung cancer resection between 2000 and 2009 at 61 hospitals in Japan. AEIP occurred in 164 of 1763 (9.3%) patients with a mortality rate of 43.9% (72/164)...
November 9, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109947/acute-exacerbation-in-interstitial-lung-disease
#12
REVIEW
Gabriela Leuschner, Jürgen Behr
Acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) has been defined as an acute, clinically significant deterioration that develops within less than 1 month without obvious clinical cause like fluid overload, left heart failure, or pulmonary embolism. Pathophysiologically, damage of the alveoli is the predominant feature of AE-IPF which manifests histopathologically as diffuse alveolar damage and radiologically as diffuse, bilateral ground-glass opacification on high-resolution computed tomography...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090993/the-genomic-detection-of-usual-interstitial-pneumonia-from-transbronchial-biopsy-tissue-a-dress-rehearsal-for-the-future
#13
Athol U Wells, Katerina M Antoniou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077694/practical-approach-to-the-evaluation-and-management-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-interstitial-lung-disease-based-on-its-proven-and-hypothetical-mechanisms
#14
Francisco Paulin, Alejandra Babini, Marta Mamani, Juan Mercado, Fabián Caro
The prevalence of interstitial lung disease in patients with rheumatoid arthritis varies from 10 to 42%. Rheumatoid arthritis patients with interstitial lung disease have three times the risk of death compared with those without the disease. Prognosis seems to be related to the high-resolution computed tomography pattern. Usual interstitial pneumonia pattern, resembling idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, carries a worse prognosis. Validated strategies to identify different phenotypes and assess the disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis interstitial lung disease are lacking...
September 2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066051/impact-of-pretreatment-interstitial-lung-disease-on-radiation-pneumonitis-and-survival-in-patients-treated-with-lung-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-sbrt
#15
Daniel Glick, Stephen Lyen, Sonja Kandel, Shane Shapera, Lisa W Le, Patricia Lindsay, Olive Wong, Andrea Bezjak, Anthony Brade, B C John Cho, Andrew Hope, Alexander Sun, Meredith Giuliani
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of interstitial lung disease (ILD) on radiation pneumonitis (RP) and overall survival (OS) in lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). METHODS: Patients treated with lung SBRT from 2004 to 2015 were included. Pretreatment computed tomography scans were reviewed and classified for interstitial changes by thoracic radiologists using American Thoracic Society guidelines and Washko and Kazerooni scores...
July 10, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052582/idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#16
REVIEW
Fernando J Martinez, Harold R Collard, Annie Pardo, Ganesh Raghu, Luca Richeldi, Moises Selman, Jeffrey J Swigris, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Athol U Wells
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive lung disease characterized by progressive lung scarring and the histological picture of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). It is associated with increasing cough and dyspnoea and impaired quality of life. IPF affects ∼3 million people worldwide, with incidence increasing dramatically with age. The diagnostic approach includes the exclusion of other interstitial lung diseases or overlapping conditions and depends on the identification of the UIP pattern, usually with high-resolution CT; lung biopsy might be required in some patients...
October 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018526/design-of-the-pf-ild-trial-a-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-phase-iii-trial-of-nintedanib-in-patients-with-progressive-fibrosing-interstitial-lung-disease
#17
Kevin R Flaherty, Kevin K Brown, Athol U Wells, Emmanuelle Clerisme-Beaty, Harold R Collard, Vincent Cottin, Anand Devaraj, Yoshikazu Inoue, Florence Le Maulf, Luca Richeldi, Hendrik Schmidt, Simon Walsh, William Mezzanotte, Rozsa Schlenker-Herceg
600 patients aged ≥18 years will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to nintedanib or placebo. Patients with diagnosis of IPF will be excluded. The study population will be enriched with two-thirds having a usual interstitial pneumonia-like pattern on HRCT. The primary endpoint is the annual rate of decline in forced vital capacity over 52 weeks. The main secondary endpoints are the absolute change from baseline in King's Brief Interstitial Lung Disease Questionnaire total score, time to first acute interstitial lung disease exacerbation or death and time to all-cause mortality over 52 weeks...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981359/dendriform-pulmonary-ossification-in-the-absence-of-usual-interstitial-pneumonia-ct-features-and-possible-association-with-recurrent-acid-aspiration
#18
James F Gruden, Daniel B Green, Alan C Legasto, Eric A Jensen, Prasad M Panse
OBJECTIVE: Dendriform pulmonary ossification (DPO) is a rare lung disease in which mature bone is present in the peripheral interstitium of the lung. It typically occurs in patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). We assessed patients with CT findings of DPO without UIP to determine possible causative factors and to assess the clinical and CT course. We hypothesized that DPO without UIP would be a unique entity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed CT reports for the word "ossification...
December 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967806/pulmonary-pathologic-manifestations-of-anti-alanyl-trna-synthetase-anti-pl-12-related-inflammatory-myopathy
#19
Frank Schneider, Samuel A Yousem, Chester V Oddis, Rohit Aggarwal
CONTEXT: - Patients with anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase syndrome (ARS), a subset of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, have a high prevalence of lung involvement. Autoantibodies directed against alanyl-tRNA synthetase (anti-PL-12 Abs) represent 1 of the 8 autoantibodies currently described under the rubric of ARS. OBJECTIVE: - To describe the clinical, radiographic, and pulmonary histopathologic findings in patients possessing anti-PL-12 autoantibodies. DESIGN: - Patients with anti-PL-12 ARS were identified in the University of Pittsburgh Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathy registry...
October 2, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954766/recent-lessons-learned-in-the-management-of-acute-exacerbation-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#20
Yasuhiro Kondoh, Vincent Cottin, Kevin K Brown
Recognising recent advances, the definition and diagnostic criteria for acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (AE-IPF) have been updated by an international working group. The new definition describes any acute, clinically significant respiratory deterioration (both idiopathic and triggered events) characterised by evidence of new widespread alveolar abnormality. The new criteria require a previous or concurrent diagnosis of IPF, an acute worsening or development of dyspnoea typically less than 1 month in duration, chest imaging evidence on computed tomography (CT) of new bilateral ground-glass opacity and/or consolidation superimposed on a background imaging pattern of usual interstitial pneumonia not fully explained by cardiac failure or fluid overload...
September 30, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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