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Usual interstitial pneumonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888985/azathioprine-response-in-patients-with-fibrotic-connective-tissue-disease-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#1
Justin M Oldham, Cathryn Lee, Eleanor Valenzi, Leah J Witt, Ayodeji Adegunsoye, Scully Hsu, Lena Chen, Steven Montner, Jonathan H Chung, Imre Noth, Rekha Vij, Mary E Strek
BACKGROUND: Azathioprine is a commonly prescribed therapy for connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). Combination therapy that included azathioprine was recently shown to increase the risk of death and hospitalization in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Whether azathioprine increases the risk of adverse outcomes in patients with fibrotic CTD-ILD, including those with CTD-associated usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), remains unknown. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed to determine the combined incidence rate of death, transplant and respiratory hospitalization associated with azathioprine exposure...
December 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865876/interstitial-lung-disease-in-the-elderly
#2
Karen C Patterson, Rupal J Shah, Mary K Porteous, Jason D Christie, Carly D'Errico, Matthew Chadwick, Matthew Triano, Charuhas Deshpande, Milton D Rossman, Leslie A Litzky, Maryl E Kreider, Wallace T Miller
BACKGROUND: Despite the relationship of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) with advancing age, little is known about the epidemiology of interstitial lung diseases (ILD) in the elderly. Here we describe the diagnoses, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of patients who were elderly at the time of ILD diagnosis. METHODS: Among subjects from a prospective cohort study of ILD, elderly was defined as age > 70. Diagnoses were derived from a multi-disciplinary review...
November 16, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829068/clinical-course-and-changes-in-high-resolution-computed-tomography-findings-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-without-honeycombing
#3
Hiroyoshi Yamauchi, Masashi Bando, Tomohisa Baba, Kensuke Kataoka, Yoshihito Yamada, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Atsushi Miyamoto, Soichiro Ikushima, Takeshi Johkoh, Fumikazu Sakai, Yasuhiro Terasaki, Akira Hebisawa, Yoshinori Kawabata, Yukihiko Sugiyama, Takashi Ogura
Some patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) do not have honeycombing on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) at their initial evaluation. The clinical course and sequential changes in HRCT findings in these patients are not fully understood. We reviewed the cases of 43 patients with IPF without honeycombing on initial HRCT from institutions throughout Japan. All patients were diagnosed with IPF based on a surgical lung biopsy. Multidisciplinary discussions were held five times between 2011 and 2014, to exclude alternative etiologies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809901/combined-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-emphysema-a-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-characteristics-treatment-and-prognosis
#4
Lijuan Zhang, Chunling Zhang, Fushi Dong, Qi Song, Fangzhou Chi, Lu Liu, Yupeng Wang, Chunli Che
BACKGROUND: Combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) is increasingly acknowledged as a separate syndrome with distinct clinical, physiological and radiological characteristics. We sought to identify physiologic and radiographic indices that predict mortality in CPFE. METHODS: Data on clinical characteristics, pulmonary function, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and treatment were compared between patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) plus emphysema (CPFE group) and those with IPF alone (IPF group)...
November 3, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809827/acute-exacerbation-of-ipf-has-systemic-consequences-with-multiple-organ-injury-with-sra-and-tnf-%C3%AE-cells-in-the-systemic-circulation-playing-central-roles-in-multiple-organ-injury
#5
Iwao Emura, Hiroyuki Usuda
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying acute exacerbation of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) are not fully understood. Few studies have examined autopsy findings in patients who have died from an acute exacerbation of IPF. The pathologic findings in systemic organs have not been described. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the autopsy findings in 12 patients who had died from an acute exacerbation of IPF and two of connective tissue disease- associated interstitial lung disease between 2005 and 2015...
November 3, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801489/diagnostic-value-of-the-bronchoalveolar-lavage-in-interstitial-lung-disease
#6
Mona Mlika, Mouna Ben Kilani, Anissa Berraies, Emna Braham, Agnes Hamzaoui, Faouzi Mezni
Background The bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cellular analysis is an invasive method of exploration of the lung. Its diagnostic value in interstitial lung disease (ILD) is integrated to a multi-disciplianry approach implicating clinicians, radiologists and pathologists. Aim We targeted to evaluate the diagnostic value of the BAL. Methods We reported a retrospective study about patients hospitalized for an ILD since the 1st January 2011 to the 31th December 2013. Thirty three patients were admitted in the Department of Pulmonology and the BAL analyses were studied in the Department of Pathology of the same hospital...
May 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791236/the-ats-ers-jrs-alat-statement-ipf-by-hrct-could-predict-acute-exacerbation-of-interstitial-lung-disease-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Nobuhiro Asai, Eisuke Katsuda, Rie Hamanaka, Kenshi Kosaka, Ayako Matsubara, Masaki Nishimura, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Norihito Yokoe, Ayumu Takahashi, Etsuro Yamaguchi, Akihito Kubo
INTRODUCTION: Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) are at high risk of acute exacerbation of ILD (AE-ILD) when treated with systemic chemotherapy. Standard treatment for NSCLC complicated by ILD has not been established. PURPOSE AND METHODS: To examine whether the type of ILD categorized by the official ATS/ERS/JRS/ALAT statement as "idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT)" could predict chemotherapy-induced AE-ILD in NSCLC patients with ILD, we retrospectively reviewed all patients with NSCLC complicated by ILD who had received chemotherapy at our institute from January 2007 until December 2013...
October 22, 2016: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789161/-idiopathic-interstitial-pneumonias-in-2016
#8
REVIEW
M-P Debray, R Borie, C Danel, A Khalil, M Majlath, B Crestani
Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias comprise 8 clinicopathological entities, most of them with a chronic course and various prognosis. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is the most frequent and most severe of these. Computed tomography has an important role for its diagnosis. It can identify the corresponding pathological pattern of usual interstitial pneumonia in about 50 percent of cases. It can suggest differential diagnosis in other cases, most frequently fibrosing nonspecific interstitial pneumonia and chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis...
October 24, 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788297/progressive-decline-of-lung-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#9
Jorge A Zamora-Legoff, Megan L Krause, Cynthia S Crowson, Jay H Ryu, Eric L Matteson
OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is associated with substantial morbidity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but very little is known about its long-term progression. METHODS: All patients with RA-ILD seen at Mayo Clinic in 1998-2014 with at least 4 weeks follow-up and at least 1 pulmonary function test (PFT) were identified and manually screened for study inclusion. Progression was defined as a diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) <40% predicted or too ill to perform, or a forced vital capacity (FVC) <50% predicted...
October 27, 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758986/the-value-of-biomarkers-as-predictors-of-outcome-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-usual-interstitial-pneumonia
#10
Young Seok Lee, Ho Cheol Kim, Bo Young Lee, Chang Keun Lee, Mi-Young Kim, Se Jin Jang, Hye Sun Lee, Jieun Moon, Thomas V Colby, Dong Soon Kim
BACKGROUND: Because of the highly variable clinical course of rheumatoid arthritis-associated usual interstitial pneumonia (RA-UIP), the prediction of patient prognosis is important. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of blood biomarkers as prognostic predictors in the patients with RA-UIP. METHODS: The blood levels of biomarkers (Krebs von den Lungen-6 [KL-6], surfactant protein-A [SP-A], matrix metalloproteinase-7 [MMP-7], interleukin-6 [IL-6], and interleukin-32 [IL-32]) were retrospectively compared with the clinical courses of 62 patients with RA-UIP...
October 7, 2016: Sarcoidosis, Vasculitis, and Diffuse Lung Diseases: Official Journal of WASOG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729263/utility-of-transbronchial-versus-surgical-lung-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-suspected-fibrotic-interstitial-lung-disease
#11
Jamie S Sheth, John A Belperio, Michael C Fishbein, Ella A Kazerooni, Amir Lagstein, Susan Murray, Jeff L Myers, Richard H Simon, Thomas H Sisson, Baskaran Sundaram, Eric S White, Meng Xia, David Zisman, Kevin R Flaherty
BACKGROUND: Surgical lung biopsy (SLB) is invasive and not possible in all patients with undiagnosed interstitial lung diseases (ILD). We hypothesized that transbronchial biopsy (TBB) findings combined with clinical and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) data leads to a confident diagnosis congruent to SLB, and therefore avoids the need for SLB in some patients. METHODS: We evaluated 33 patients being evaluated for suspected ILD who underwent HRCT, TBB and SLB...
October 8, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720730/no-definite-clinical-features-of-igg4-related-disease-in-patients-with-pulmonary-nodular-lymphoid-hyperplasia
#12
Melanie C Bois, Hiroshi Sekiguchi, Jay H Ryu, Eunhee S Yi
Pulmonary nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (PNLH) may show heavy lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates with increased Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-positive plasma cells as in IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). However, it is unclear whether PNLH could be a manifestation of IgG4-RD. A recent study reported the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in IgG4-related lymphadenopathy. We postulated that a subset of PNLH might represent IgG4-related lung disease (IgG4-RLD) with EBV-positive lymphocytes as has been reported in IgG4-related lymphadenopathy...
October 5, 2016: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719984/imaging-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#13
Joanna E Kusmirek, Maria Daniela Martin, Jeffrey P Kanne
Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias are a heterogeneous group of diffuse lung diseases characterized by distinct clinicopathologic entities with the usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) being the most common. The pattern of UIP can be seen in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) as well as in secondary causes, most commonly in connective tissue diseases. IPF is usually progressive and associated with a very poor prognosis, and newer therapies pose a risk of serious complications; therefore, diagnostic certainty is crucial...
November 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27719973/imaging-of-pulmonary-manifestations-of-connective-tissue-diseases
#14
Jitesh Ahuja, Deepika Arora, Jeffrey P Kanne, Travis S Henry, J David Godwin
Connective tissue diseases (CTDs) are a heterogeneous group of conditions characterized by circulating autoantibodies and autoimmune-mediated organ damage. Common CTDs with lung manifestations are rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma or systemic sclerosis, Sjögren syndrome, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, systemic lupus erythematosis, mixed connective tissue disease, and undifferentiated connective tissue disease. The most common histopathologic patterns of CTD-related interstitial lung disease are nonspecific interstitial pneumonia, usual interstitial pneumonia, organizing pneumonia, and lymphoid interstitial pneumonia...
November 2016: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707457/usual-interstitial-pneumonia-pattern-in-the-diagnosis-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#15
Vasilios Tzilas, Demosthenes Bouros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705974/myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-positive-interstitial-pneumonia-associated-with-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-diagnosed-by-surgical-lung-biopsy
#16
Haruka Chino, Eri Hagiwara, Hideya Kitamura, Tomohisa Baba, Hideaki Yamakawa, Tamiko Takemura, Takashi Ogura
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a rare systemic vasculitis that often involves the lung. However, interstitial pneumonia (IP) is rarely seen in GPA patients. We herein report 3 cases of IP associated with GPA diagnosed by surgical lung biopsy. High-resolution CT showed uniform subpleural reticular opacity with traction bronchiectasis. Biopsies from all 3 patients revealed neutrophilic capillaritis, microabscesses with giant cells, and coexisting histological findings of usual IP pattern or fibrosing nonspecific IP pattern...
October 6, 2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692137/clinical-features-and-natural-history-of-interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features-a-single-center-experience
#17
Sandra Chartrand, Jeffrey J Swigris, Lina Stanchev, Joyce S Lee, Kevin K Brown, Aryeh Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical phenotype and natural history of a cohort of patients with interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF). METHODS: A retrospective, single center study of 56 patients with IPAF evaluated between February 2008 and August 2014. All clinical data were extracted from the electronic medical record and longitudinal changes in forced vital capacity (FVC) were analyzed with mixed-effects, piecewise linear regression models that considered time as a continuous factor...
October 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665334/eosinophilic-myocarditis-associated-with-eosinophilic-pneumonia-and-eosinophilia-following-antibiotic-and-narcotic-analgesic-treatment
#18
Aziz İnan Çelik, Ali Deniz, Mustafa Tangalay, Muhammet Buğra Karaaslan, Emine Bağır Kılıç
Eosinophilic myocarditis (EM) is a rare form of myocarditis that usually presents with heart failure due to eosinophilic infiltration. EM is often a component of hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES). HES is a rare disorder characterized by persistent, marked eosinophilia combined with organ system dysfunction. A 38-year-old man was admitted to emergency services with left inguinal pain and fever, and was hospitalized with diagnosis of nephrolithiasis and urinary tract infection. Intravenous antibiotic therapy of 3 grams meropenem per day and analgesic of 50 mg pethidine per day were administered...
September 2016: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659711/-pulmonary-manifestations-in-collagen-vascular-diseases
#19
M N A Vogel, M Kreuter, H-U Kauczor, C-P Heußel
CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Pulmonary complications are frequent in patients with collagen vascular diseases (CVD). Frequent causes are a direct manifestation of the underlying disease, side effects of specific medications and lung infections. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: The standard radiological procedure for the work-up of pulmonary pathologies in patients with CVD is multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) with thin-slice high-resolution reconstruction. PERFORMANCE: The accuracy of thin-slice CT for the identification of particular disease patterns is very high...
October 2016: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628326/diagnostic-approach-to-advanced-fibrotic-interstitial-lung-disease-bringing-together-clinical-radiologic-and-histologic-clues
#20
Brandon T Larsen, Maxwell L Smith, Brett M Elicker, Jessica M Fernandez, Guillermo A Arbo-Oze de Morvil, Carlos A C Pereira, Kevin O Leslie
Context .- Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a distinctive clinicopathologic entity and the most common form of progressive diffuse lung scarring in older adults. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis manifests histopathologically as the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern. The usual interstitial pneumonia pattern is distinguished by geographically and temporally heterogeneous fibrosis that is peripherally accentuated, often with honeycombing and traction bronchiectasis. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is not the only disease that leads to end-stage lung fibrosis, however, and several other entities may also cause advanced fibrosis...
September 15, 2016: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
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