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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213006/a-prospective-multi-institutional-phase-ii-study-of-induction-chemoradiotherapy-followed-by-surgery-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-involving-the-chest-wall-cjlsg0801
#1
Koji Kawaguchi, Kohei Yokoi, Hiroshi Niwa, Yasuhisa Ohde, Shoichi Mori, Sakae Okumura, Satoshi Shiono, Hiroyuki Ito, Motoki Yano, Kikuo Shigemitsu, Yoshinori Hiramatsu, Jiro Okami, Hideo Saka
OBJECTIVES: The standard therapy for patients with T3N0-1M0 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) involving the chest wall is considered surgical resection and adjuvant therapy. However, the compliance of adjuvant therapy is relatively low, and the prognosis for those patients has been unsatisfactory. Therefore, we conducted a phase II study of induction chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery with the aim of improving the survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This treatment strategy consisted of induction chemotherapy (two cycles of cisplatin at 80mg/m(2) on Day 1 and vinorelbine at 20mg/m(2) on Days 1 and 8) concurrent with radiotherapy (40Gy in 20 fractions) followed by surgery...
February 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212992/nivolumab-induced-interstitial-lung-disease-analysis-of-two-phase-ii-studies-patients-with-recurrent-or-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Terufumi Kato, Noriyuki Masuda, Yoichi Nakanishi, Masashi Takahashi, Toyoaki Hida, Hiroshi Sakai, Shinji Atagi, Shiro Fujita, Hiroshi Tanaka, Koji Takeda, Miyako Satouchi, Yoshinobu Namba, Tomohide Tamura
OBJECTIVES: Drug-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD) is often associated with high mortality; however it is difficult to predict and manage. we examined the clinical findings and imaging characteristics of nivolumab induced ILD reported in the two phase II studies patients with recurrent or advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the clinical findings and imaging characteristics of all cases of ILD reported in two phase II trials of nivolumab, an anti-programmed death-1 antibody, in Japanese patients with recurrent or advanced non-small-cell lung cancer...
February 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210638/an-unusual-suspect-causing-hypoxemic-respiratory-failure
#3
Masooma Aqeel, Bjorn Batdorf, Horatiu Olteanu, Jayshil J Patel
Introduction: Antisynthetase syndrome (ASS) is characterized by the presence of anti-Jo-1 antibodies in conjunction with clinical findings of fever, polymyositis-dermatomyositis, and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Inflammatory myopathies carry a high risk of malignancy, but this association is less well outlined in ASS. We present the case of a patient with ASS who developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. Case Presentation: A 44-year-old female with ASS presented with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure...
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209041/-pulmonary-intravascular-large-b-cell-lymphomamanifesting-as-interstitial-pneumonias-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-literature
#4
T T Zhao, M S Cao, Y W Zhang, J H Dai, F Q Meng, H R Cai
Objective: To investigate the clinical, radiographic characteristics and prognosis of pulmonary intravascular large B-cell lymphoma(IVLBCL) manifesting as interstitial pneumonias on HRCT. Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out on clinical data of 2 patients with pulmonary IVLBCL admitted to the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University from March 2010 to May 2012. A literature research was performed with "pulmonary intravascular lymphoma" as the key word in Wanfang Database, China Knowledge Resource Integrated Database and Pubmed...
February 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207496/recent-advances-in-the-pathogenesis-prediction-and-management-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#5
Cheilonda Johnson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of recently published articles covering interstitial lung disease associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA-ILD). RECENT FINDINGS: Over the past year, many studies replicated previous findings in more diverse and occasionally larger populations internationally. Specifically, the association among cigarette smoking, high rheumatoid factor titer, elevated anticitrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) levels, and RA-ILD was strengthened...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202030/upregulation-of-interleukin-33-and-thymic-stromal-lymphopoietin-levels-in-the-lungs-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#6
Jong-Uk Lee, Hun Soo Chang, Hyeon Ju Lee, Chang An Jung, Da Jeong Bae, Hyun Ji Song, Jong Sook Park, Soo-Taek Uh, Young Hoon Kim, Ki-Hyun Seo, Choon-Sik Park
BACKGROUND: Innate T helper type 2 (Th2) immune responses mediated by interleukin (IL)-33, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), and IL-25 have been shown to play an important role in pulmonary fibrosis of animal models; however, their clinical implications remain poorly understood. METHODS: TSLP, IL-25, and IL-33 concentrations were measured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids obtained from normal controls (NCs; n = 40) and from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF; n = 100), non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP; n = 22), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP; n = 20), and sarcoidosis (n = 19)...
February 15, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198994/interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features-ipaf-and-radiological-findings-suggestive-of-lymphocytic-interstitial-pneumonia-lip-case-report
#7
Alicja Płóciniczak, Joanna Goździk-Spychalska, Halina Batura-Gabryel Batura-Gabryel
Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) is a term to describe individuals with both interstitial lung disease (ILD) and combinations of other clinical, serologic, and/or pulmonary morphologic features, which presumably originate from an underlying systemic autoimmune condition, but do not meet current rheumatologic criteria for a defined connective tissue disease (CTD). Predominantly, interstitial pneumonia arises in the course of an established CTD, but it is not so rare for the ILD to be the first, and possibly the one and only manifestation of a latent CTD...
2017: Adv Respir Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198728/personalized-medicine-in-interstitial-lung-diseases
#8
Paolo Spagnolo, Justin M Oldham, Mark G Jones, Joyce S Lee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A number of recent studies have explored the possibility to apply personalized medicine to interstitial lung diseases (ILDs), particularly idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), the most common and deadly of the idiopathic interstitial pneumonias. In our review, we summarize and discuss the most recent literature on personalized medicine in IPF as well as hypersensitivity pneumonitis and sarcoidosis, with emphasis on patient subgroups for which a personalized approach to disease prognostication and management may become a reality in the near future...
February 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182861/diffuse-pulmonary-ossification-in-fibrosing-interstitial-lung-diseases-prevalence-and-associations
#9
Ryoko Egashira, Joseph Jacob, Maria A Kokosi, Anne-Laure Brun, Alexandra Rice, Andrew G Nicholson, Athol U Wells, David M Hansell
Purpose To investigate the prevalence of diffuse pulmonary ossification (DPO) in patients with fibrosing interstitial lung disease (ILD) and determine whether there are differences among the types of ILDs. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was given and patient consent was not required for this study. The study population comprised 892 consecutive patients with fibrosing ILD, including 456 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (men, 366; women, 90; median age, 72 years [range, 38-93 years]), 244 with nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (men, 79; women, 165; median age, 60...
February 9, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179351/a-multicenter-phase-ii-study-of-gemcitabine-plus-s-1-chemotherapy-for-advanced-biliary-tract-cancer
#10
Shiho Arima, Kyoko Shimizu, Tomoyoshi Okamoto, Masao Toki, Yutaka Suzuki, Naohiro Okano, Daisuke Naruge, Kirio Kawai, Takaaki Kobayashi, Akiyoshi Kasuga, Hiroshi Kitamura, Atuko Takasu, Fumio Nagashima, Masanori Sugiyama, Junji Furuse
BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine (GEM) plus cisplatin (CDDP) chemotherapy has been used worldwide as the standard first-line treatment for advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC). A phase II trial has also suggested promising activity of GEM plus S-1 chemotherapy against advanced BTC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of GEM plus S-1 chemotherapy in patients with advanced BTC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The eligibility criteria were as follows: histologically-proven BTC, unresectable or recurrent disease, ECOG performance status (PS) 0-1 regardless of previous treatment...
2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174631/medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-caused-lethal-sepsis-in-an-edentulous-patient-with-multiple-systemic-factors
#11
Keisuke Yamashiro, Aki Sato, Fumihiko Okazaki, Makoto Nakano, Koichi Sawaki, Yasuhisa Hirata, Eiki Yamachika, Seiji Iida, Shogo Takashiba
Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is developed even in the patients who are edentulous and treated with short-term bisphosphonate therapy and oral administration. It sometimes causes lethal sepsis in patients who have multiple health problems such as diabetes, cirrhosis, steroid use for interstitial pneumonia, sepsis, and spinal disk herniation.
February 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154457/evaluation-of-the-new-commercial-recombinant-chimeric-subunit-vaccine-prrsfree-in-challenge-with-heterologous-types-1-and-2-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#12
Jiwoon Jeong, Changhoon Park, Kyuhyung Choi, Chanhee Chae
The objective of this study was to evaluate a new recombinant chimeric vaccine against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). The subunit vaccine, PRRSFREE, from Reber Genetics, Taiwan, Republic of China, is based on a plasmid containing a detoxified Pseudomonas exotoxin carrying open reading frame (ORF) 7, 1b, and 5 and 6 chimeric subunits of types 1 and 2 PRRSV. Pigs were injected intramuscularly with 2.0 mL of the vaccine at 21 and 42 d of age, according to the manufacturer's recommendation...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149568/recommendations-for-the-management-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-south-africa-a-position-statement-of-the-south-african-thoracic-society
#13
REVIEW
Coenraad F N Koegelenberg, Gillian M Ainslie, Keertan Dheda, Brian W Allwood, Michelle L Wong, Umesh G Lalloo, Mohamed S Abdool-Gaffar, Hoosain Khalfey, Elvis M Irusen
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a very specific form of a chronic, progressive fibroproliferative interstitial pneumonia of unknown aetiology. The disease is generally associated with a poor prognosis. Several international evidence-based guidelines on the diagnosis and management of IPF and other interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) have been published and updated in the last decade, and while the body of evidence for the use of some treatment modalities has grown, others have been shown to be futile and even harmful to patients...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149543/fibred-confocal-fluorescence-microscopy-in-the-diagnosis-of-interstitial-lung-diseases
#14
Peng Meng, Gan Liang Tan, Su Ying Low, Angela Takano, Yuen Li Ng, Devanand Anantham
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis is critical to both therapeutic decisions and prognostication in interstitial lung diseases (ILD). However, surgical lung biopsies carry high complication rates. Fibred confocal fluorescence microscopy (FCFM) offers an alternative as it can visualize lung tissue in vivo at the cellular level with minimal adverse events. We wanted to investigate the diagnostic utility, and safety of using FCFM for patients with ILD. METHODS: In patients with suspected ILD, FCFM images were obtained from multiple bronchopulmonary segments using a miniprobe inserted through the working channel of a flexible bronchoscope...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137500/interstitial-lung-disease-and-myositis-specific-and-associated-autoantibodies-clinical-manifestations-survival-and-the-performance-of-the-new-ats-ers-criteria-for-interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features-ipaf
#15
Mayra Mejía, Denisse Herrera-Bringas, Diana I Pérez-Román, Hermes Rivero, Heidegger Mateos-Toledo, Pedro Castorena-García, José E Figueroa, Jorge Rojas-Serrano
OBJECTIVE: to describe the clinical manifestations and survival of patients with ILD and myositis-specific and associated autoantibodies, and to evaluate the performance of the new ATS/ERS classification criteria for IPAF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with ILD and positive in at least one of the following autoantibodies: anti-Jo-1, anti-Ej, anti-PL7, anti-PL 12, anti-PM/SCL 75 and anti-PM/SCL100 were included. Patients were separated into three groups according to their autoantibody profile: 1...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137498/evaluation-of-urinary-desmosines-as-a-noninvasive-diagnostic-biomarker-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pleuroparenchymal-fibroelastosis-ppfe
#16
Yoshiyuki Oyama, Noriyuki Enomoto, Yuzo Suzuki, Masato Kono, Tomoyuki Fujisawa, Naoki Inui, Yutaro Nakamura, Shigeki Kuroishi, Koshi Yokomura, Mikio Toyoshima, Shiro Imokawa, Keiji Oishi, Satoshi Watanabe, Kazuo Kasahara, Tomohisa Baba, Takashi Ogura, Hiroshi Ishii, Kentaro Watanabe, Yasuhiko Nishioka, Takafumi Suda
BACKGROUND: Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE) is a rare interstitial pneumonia with upper lobe predominance and fibroelastosis. Although definite diagnosis requires surgical lung biopsy (SLB), SLB is often difficult because of its complications such as refractory pneumothorax. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate urinary desmosines (degradation product of mature elastin) as a novel biomarker in patients with PPFE. METHODS: Biopsy-proven patients with PPFE (n = 14) were prospectively enrolled...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137497/interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features-clinical-radiologic-and-histological-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-series-of-57-patients
#17
Kais Ahmad, Thomas Barba, Delphine Gamondes, Marylise Ginoux, Chahera Khouatra, Paolo Spagnolo, Mary Strek, Françoise Thivolet-Béjui, Julie Traclet, Vincent Cottin
BACKGROUND: Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) has recently been defined by an international Taskforce to characterize interstitial lung disease associated with systemic manifestations limited to subtle serological and clinical autoimmune abnormalities and not fulfilling the international criteria for the diagnosis of a given connective tissue disease. OBJECTIVE: to report on a series of patients with IPAF, and to compare their outcome to that of a cohort of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137485/fam13a-polymorphism-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#18
Chihiro Hirano, Shinichiro Ohshimo, Yasushi Horimasu, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Kazunori Fujitaka, Hironobu Hamada, Noboru Hattori, Nobuaki Shime, Francesco Bonella, Josune Guzman, Ulrich Costabel, Nobuoki Kohno
BACKGROUND: Family with sequence similarity 13, member A (FAM13A) variants have been associated with susceptibility to chronic lung diseases. A recent genome-wide association study has shown an association between a polymorphism in FAM13A rs2609255 and idiopathic interstitial pneumonias in a Caucasian population. However, the relationship between rs2609255 polymorphism and prognosis in idiopathic interstitial pneumonias has not been investigated. METHODS: Sixty-five patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and 310 Japanese healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study...
February 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134084/pneumocystis-jiroveci-pneumonia-in-rheumatic-disease-a-20-year-single-centre-experience
#19
Christopher A Mecoli, Deanna Saylor, Allan C Gelber, Lisa Christopher-Stine
OBJECTIVES: Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) is an opportunistic infection with high mortality among patients with underlying rheumatologic conditions. Given the paucity of prospective data to guide treatment, clinical guidelines to initiate PJP prophylaxis are based on expert opinion and identify patients on ≥20 mg daily prednisone for ≥4 weeks duration for treatment. Herein we describe the PJP experience in rheumatic disease over a 20-year period at a single academic medical centre to investigate this 20 mg threshold and risk associated with lymphocyte counts, co-existing lung disease and immunosuppressive medications...
January 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133508/effects-of-didecyldimethylammonium-chloride-ddac-on-sprague-dawley-rats-after-13-weeks-of-inhalation-exposure
#20
Yong-Soon Kim, Sung-Bae Lee, Cheol-Hong Lim
Didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) is used in many types of biocidal products including tableware, carpets, humidifiers, and swimming pools, etc. In spite of increased chances of DDAC exposure through inhalation, studies on the inhalation toxicity of DDAC are not common even though the toxicity of DDAC might be significantly higher if it were to be administered through routes other than the respiratory system. DDAC aerosols were exposed to Sprague-Dawley rats in whole body exposure chambers for a duration of 13 weeks...
January 2017: Toxicological Research
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