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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222984/suicidal-behaviour-is-associated-with-decreased-esterified-cholesterol-in-plasma-and-membrane-fluidity-of-platelets
#1
Boby Mathew, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Johnson Pradeep, Tinku Thomas, Amit Kumar Mandal
BACKGROUND: Altered cholesterol levels in body fluids and brain tissues have been shown to be associated with suicidal behaviour, violence and aggression. But the biological underpinnings of this association in the pathophysiology of suicide are not clear. Cholesterol plays a crucial role in maintaining the cellular membrane fluidity and alterations in cellular membrane fluidity may impair serotonergic neurotransmission in the central nervous system. METHODS: We measured plasma esterified cholesterol and platelet membrane fluidity using fluorescence anisotropy and estimated flow activation energy which is a measure of order of membrane lipid bilayer in patients with recent suicidal attempt and compared with age and gender matched controls...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222633/characterising-youth-with-callous-unemotional-traits-and-concurrent-anxiety-evidence-for-a-high-risk-clinical-group
#2
Charlotte A M Cecil, Eamon J McCrory, Edward D Barker, Jo Guiney, Essi Viding
Growing evidence supports the existence of two variants of youth with high callous-unemotional (CU) traits who present with markedly different risk profiles and outcomes, with potential implications for risk assessment and treatment formulation. So far, studies have identified variants of CU youth mainly using data-driven cluster approaches based on levels of CU traits and co-occurring anxiety. Yet, the extent to which this knowledge may be translated into clinical practice is unclear. To this end, the present study employed a severity-based, cut-off approach to systematically characterise CU groups across a range of clinically informative domains, including trauma history, psychiatric symptomatology, affective functioning, attachment style and behavioural risk...
December 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220685/parental-psychopathology-adult-attachment-and-risk-of-12-month-suicidal-behaviours
#3
David Boyda, Danielle Mc Feeters, Katie Dhingra, Niall Galbraith, Danny Hinton
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms by which parental psychopathology and vulnerability to suicide is transmitted to offspring is not well understood. parental psychopathology and behaviour may impact upon the normal emotional and psychological adjustment of their offspring in various ways. Research shows attachment insecurities may also be a key factor in the facilitation of suicidal behaviours. OBJECTIVE: To examine adult attachment insecurities as a potential mediating pathway between parental psychopathology and 12-month suicidality...
December 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202664/suicide-attempts-and-completions-among-mothers-whose-children-were-taken-into-care-by-child-protection-services-a-cohort-study-using-linkable-administrative-data
#4
Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Leslie L Roos, Marni Brownell, Nathan Nickel, Dan Chateau, Deepa Singal
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine suicide attempts and completions among mothers who had a child taken into care by child protection services (CPS). These mothers were compared with their biological sisters who did not have a child taken into care and with mothers who received services from CPS but did not have a child taken into care. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of mothers whose first child was born in Manitoba, Canada, between April 1, 1992, and March 31, 2015, is used...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202423/suicide-and-self-harm-in-nepal-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Suresh Thapaliya, Pawan Sharma, Kapil Upadhyaya
BACKGROUND: Suicide and self harm behavior has become a major public health issue in recent years in Nepal. This small south Asian country was ranked 7th by suicide rate globally by the 2014 World Health Organization report with an estimated 6,840 suicides annually, or 24.9 suicides per 100,000 people. We decided to explore the epidemiology of suicidal behaviour and self harm, modes of attempt, associated risk factors and trends in specific population. METHODOLOGY: Two researchers independently reviewed 47 studies published in the US National Library of Medicine's PubMed electronic Database and Google Scholar till December 2016...
December 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197205/the-impact-of-anxiety-sensitivity-on-suicidality-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Ayhan Bilgiç, Savaş Yilmaz, Sabri Hergüner
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the link between anxiety sensitivity (AS) and suicidality among adolescents with major depressive disorder; thus, there is a need to explore this relationship in order to fill the research gap. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine the association among AS and suicidal behaviour while taking into account the effects of potential third variables such as the presence of anxiety disorders and hopelessness in adolescents with major depressive disorder...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181092/efficacy-of-multisystemic-therapy-in-youths-aged-10-17-with-severe-antisocial-behaviour-and-emotional-disorders-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jia Xuan Tan, Maria Lourdes Restrepo Fajardo
Background: Antisocial behaviour and conduct disorders are the most common behavioural and mental health problems in children and young people globally. An efficacious intervention is needed to manage these antisocial behaviours that have costly consequences. Multisystemic Therapy (MST), an intensive home-based intervention for youths with psychosocial and behavioural problems, is recommended under National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines for conduct disorder. However, reviews on the efficacy of MST are mixed...
November 2017: London Journal of Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178114/outcomes-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-global-functioning-and-symptoms-persistence
#8
Ahmed Al Ansari, Randah R Hamadeh, Haitham Jahrami, Eman A Haji
Many adolescents with ADHD show antisocial behaviour and low educational achievement. These issues have not been validated in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region. The objective of this study was to assess the global functioning and behaviour of children with ADHD growing into adolescence 10 years after initial diagnosis. Parents were interviewed using a structured questionnaire, Conner's Short Version Test and the Children's Global Assessment Scale. Nearly half of our sample had low academic achievement and 36% had no friends...
November 19, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164828/attenuated-psychosis-and-basic-self-disturbance-as-risk-factors-for-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-adolescents
#9
Dan Koren, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Liza Lacoua, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Aya Zelezniak, Josef Parnas, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescents at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis, as defined by the presence of attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS), exhibit increased levels of suicidal ideation and behaviour. However, no research thus far has examined the link between basic self-disturbances (SDs), an established marker for CHR, and suicidality/self-harm in this population. The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between SD, depression and suicidal ideation and behaviour among non-help-seeking adolescents from the community...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161964/suicidal-ideation-in-systemic-lupus-erythematous-nr2a-gene-polymorphism-clinical-and-psychosocial-factors
#10
R I Buji, N A Abdul Murad, L F Chan, T Maniam, M S Mohd Shahrir, M Rozita, A S Shamsul, R Mohamad Hussain, N Abdullah, R Jamal, N R Nik Jaafar
Background Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) patients are a high-risk population for suicide. Glutamatergic neurosystem genes have been implicated in the neurobiology of depression in SLE and suicidal behaviour in general. However, the role of glutamate receptor gene polymorphisms in suicidal behaviour among SLE patients remains unclear in the context of established clinical and psychosocial factors. We aimed to investigate the association of NR2A gene polymorphism with suicidal ideation in SLE while accounting for the interaction between clinical and psychosocial factors...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157508/suicidal-ideation-while-incarcerated-prevalence-and-correlates-in-a-large-sample-of-male-prisoners-in-flanders-belgium
#11
Louis Favril, Freya Vander Laenen, Christophe Vandeviver, Kurt Audenaert
Prisoners constitute a high-risk group for suicide. As an early stage in the pathway leading to suicide, suicidal ideation represents an important target for prevention, yet research on this topic is scarce in general prison populations. Using a cross-sectional survey design, correlates of suicidal ideation while incarcerated were examined in a sample of 1203 male prisoners, randomly selected from 15 Flemish prisons. Overall, a lifetime history of suicidal ideation and attempts was endorsed by 43.1% and 20...
November 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149114/-calls-due-to-suicidal-behaviour-made-to-the-prehospital-emergency-department-in-m%C3%A3-laga-characteristics-and-associated-factors
#12
M Jiménez-Hernández, S Castro-Zamudio, J Guzmán Parra, A I Martínez-García, C Guillén-Benítez, B Moreno-Küstner
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behaviour (fatal and non-fatal) has become a serious public health problem in many countries. The aim of the study was to describe the differential characteristics of emergency calls due to suicidal behaviour made to the Emergency Coordinating Centre (CCUE) in the province of Málaga, in comparison with calls due to physical or psychiatric problems. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of the calls recorded in the database of the Public Company for Emergency Health during one year...
November 17, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141103/risk-profiles-of-personality-traits-for-suicidality-among-mood-disorder-patients-and-community-controls
#13
M-H Su, H-C Chen, M-L Lu, J Feng, I-M Chen, C-S Wu, S-W Chang, P-H Kuo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between personality traits and suicidal ideation (SI) and attempt (SA) in mood disorder patients and community controls. METHOD: We recruited 365 bipolar, 296 major depressive disorder patients, and 315 community controls to assess their lifetime suicidality. Participants filled out self-reported personality questionnaires to collect data of personality traits, including novelty seeking (NS), harm avoidance (HA), extraversion (E), and neuroticism (N)...
November 15, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138193/stoic-beliefs-and-health-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-the-pathak-wieten-stoicism-ideology-scale
#14
Elizabeth B Pathak, Sarah E Wieten, Christopher W Wheldon
INTRODUCTION: We developed and validated a new parsimonious scale to measure stoic beliefs. Key domains of stoicism are imperviousness to strong emotions, indifference to death, taciturnity and self-sufficiency. In the context of illness and disease, a personal ideology of stoicism may create an internal resistance to objective needs, which can lead to negative consequences. Stoicism has been linked to help-seeking delays, inadequate pain treatment, caregiver strain and suicide after economic stress...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137547/developing-a-framework-of-behaviours-before-suicides-at-railway-locations
#15
Brendan Ryan
Better knowledge of behaviours of people at railway property could help with identifying those at risk of suicide. Literature has been reviewed from a range of disciplines on what is known about studying behaviour in this type of public location. Secondary analysis has been carried out on descriptions of behaviour from structured exercises with experts and other pre-existing sources. A framework has been produced with five main classes (display of emotion, appearance, posture/movements, activities and interactions) and associated sub-classes...
November 15, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119644/suicide-amongst-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-australian-online-study-of-disability-support-staff-experiences-and-perceptions
#16
S Wark, K McKay, P Ryan, A Müller
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) have a higher likelihood of exposure to identified risk factors for suicide when compared with the general community and have been recognised as being both capable of forming intent for suicide and acting on this intent. However, in spite of research outlining these concerns from the 1970s, there remains a dearth of studies that examine suicide amongst the population of people with ID. METHOD: An online cross-sectional survey was purposively developed, with questions aimed at identifying both the experiences and current practices of support staff who assist people with ID in relation to suicide, suicidal behaviour and suicide assessment...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113547/self-reference-in-suicidal-behaviour
#17
Fabrice Jollant, Cédric Lemogne, Philippe Fossati
INTRODUCTION: Several lines of evidence suggest a perturbed sense of self in people who attempt suicide, but it has rarely been experimentally studied. Here, we aimed to explore in this population the narrative self through explicit self-perception and the self-reference effect in memory. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with a mood disorder, including 20 with a personal history of suicide attempt, completed a self-referential task. During the encoding phase, they were presented with personality traits and had to successively judge whether each trait described themselves ("self condition") or was a desirable trait, in general ("general condition")...
November 7, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106793/body-mass-index-and-plasma-leptin-in-psychiatric-suicide-attempters
#18
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate body mass index (BMI) and its correlate plasma leptin levels that have been associated with psychiatric morbidity and suicidal behaviour, in relation to clinical features in psychiatric patients after a suicide attempt. METHODS: BMI and plasma leptin were assessed in 198 patients (66 males, age range of 21 to 80 years) who were admitted to the hospital after a suicide attempt, 98 with major depressive disorder, 28 with bipolar disorder, 30 with psychosis, and 42 with personality or adjustment disorder, compared to data of 134 healthy subjects, and evaluated in relation to gender, diagnosis, mode of attempt, and pharmacological treatment before attempt...
October 6, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103090/antidepressants-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-late-life-a-prospective-population-based-study-of-use-patterns-in-new-users-aged-75-and-above
#19
Khedidja Hedna, Karolina Andersson Sundell, Armina Hamidi, Ingmar Skoog, Sara Gustavsson, Margda Waern
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between antidepressant use patterns and risk of fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviours in older adults who initiated antidepressant therapy. METHOD: A national population-based cohort study conducted among Swedish residents aged ≥ 75 years who initiated antidepressant treatment. Patients who filled antidepressant prescriptions between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2013 (N = 185,225) were followed until December 31, 2014...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102308/suicidal-ideation-in-a-community-derived-sample-of-spanish-adolescents
#20
Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero, Félix Inchausti, Laura Pérez-Gutiérrez, Rebeca Aritio Solana, Javier Ortuño-Sierra, M ª Ángeles Sánchez-García, Beatriz Lucas-Molina, César Domínguez, David Foncea, Virginia Espinosa, Ana Gorría, Elena Urbiola-Merina, Marta Fernández, Carmen Merina Díaz, Carmen Gutiérrez, Marta Aures, María S Campos, Elena Domínguez-Garrido, Alicia Pérez de Albéniz Iturriaga
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a current public health problem and among the main causes of mortality in adolescents and young adults. The main goal of this study was to analyse suicidal ideation in a representative sample of Spanish adolescents. Specifically, the prevalence rates of suicide ideation, the psychometric properties of the Paykel Suicide Scale (PSS) scores, and the socio-emotional adjustment of adolescents at risk for suicide were analysed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 1,664 participants (M=16...
October 26, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
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