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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#1
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627446/lipid-profile-and-suicide-attempt-in-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-published-and-unpublished-data
#2
Francesco Bartoli, Carmen Di Brita, Cristina Crocamo, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
Evidence suggests an association between low lipid levels and suicidality in subjects with severe mental disorders. This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at exploring differences in lipid profile between suicide attempters and non-attempters specifically with bipolar disorder. We included observational studies providing comparative cross-sectional data on total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides levels. We searched main Electronic Databases, identifying eleven studies that met our inclusion criteria, including also unpublished data...
June 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625205/why-suicide-the-analysis-of-motives-for-self-harm
#3
Mohammed J Abbas, Mostafa A Mohanna, Tarig A Diab, Millicent Chikoore, Michael Wang
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in understanding the meaning and motives behind suicidal behaviour. Using the Ideal Type methodology, Jean Baechler systematically examined the internal logic of suicidal and self-harming behaviours. He developed a typology of eleven typical meanings/motives: Flight, Grief, Self-punishment, Vengeance, Crime, Blackmail, Appeal, Sacrifice, Transfiguration, Ordeal and Game. AIMS: To develop and validate a standardized instrument to measure the motives/meanings of suicidal and self-harming behaviours, using Baechler's typology...
June 19, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623081/multimorbidity-a-review-of-the-complexity-of-mental-health-issues-in-bariatric-surgery-candidates-informed-by-canadian-data
#4
REVIEW
Valerie H Taylor, Jennifer Hensel
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is significant for obesity and mental health issues. As a consequence, mental illness is overrepresented in patients seeking bariatric surgery. This review addresses that overlap, with a focus on Canadian data. CONCLUSION: The healthcare system in Canada is unique, but issues related to prevalence of mental health in patients seeking bariatric surgery are similar to those in studies conducted in other countries. Although data on suicide are lacking, Canadian data have shown similar rates of self-harm behaviours and linkages between psychopathology and weight regain after surgery...
June 13, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622570/the-role-of-premorbid-personality-and-social-cognition-in-suicidal-behaviour-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-one-year-follow-up-study
#5
Manuel Canal-Rivero, J D Lopez-Moriñigo, M L Barrigón, S Perona-Garcelán, C Jimenez-Casado, A S David, J E Obiols-Llandrich, M Ruiz-Veguilla
BACKGROUND: High suicide attempt (SA) rates have been reported in first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients, particularly during the first year after the illness onset. Despite previous studies establishing several risk factors for suicidal behaviour in FEP, premorbid personality and social cognition have not been sufficiently investigated to date. OBJECTIVE: To test whether personality traits and social cognition are associated with SAs in FEP over a 12-month follow-up...
May 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621659/reclaiming-indigenous-identities-culture-as-strength-against-suicide-among-indigenous-youth-in-canada
#6
Brittany Barker, Ashley Goodman, Kora DeBeck
In Canada, Indigenous youth suicide represents one of several health disparities burdening Indigenous populations, and like many other of these disparities, can be understood as an expression of societal, historical, cultural and familial trauma. As the number of Indigenous youth who take their own lives every year in Canada continues to far exceed national averages, it appears that conventional suicide prevention efforts remain ineffective among this population. A growing body of research argues that conventional interventions, largely rooted in Western individual-level behavioural change frameworks, are culturally discordant with Indigenous paradigms...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621202/is-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-effective-in-reducing-suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-when-delivered-face-to-face-or-via-e-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Katie Leavey, Russell Hawkins
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a widely used psychotherapeutic intervention for suicide prevention despite its efficacy for suicide prevention in adults remaining ambiguous. Reluctance or inability to access face-to-face help suggests that e-health delivery may be a valuable resource for suicidal people. The aim of this study was to systematically review and conduct meta-analysis on research assessing the efficacy of CBT delivered via face-to-face and e-health for suicidal ideation and behaviour. A comprehensive literature search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, PubMed and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted...
June 16, 2017: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619069/social-determinants-of-depression-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-the-caribbean-a-systematic-review
#8
Catherine R Brown, Ian R Hambleton, Natasha Sobers-Grannum, Shawn M Hercules, Nigel Unwin, E Nigel Harris, Rainford Wilks, Marlene MacLeish, Louis Sullivan, Madhuvanti M Murphy
BACKGROUND: Depressive disorder is the largest contributor to years lived with disability in the Caribbean, adding 948 per 100,000 in 2013. Depression is also a major risk factor for suicidal behaviour. Social inequalities influence the occurrence of depression, yet little is known about the social inequalities of this condition in the Caribbean. In support of the 2011 Rio Political Declaration on addressing health inequities, this article presents a systematic review of the role of social determinants on depression and its suicidal behaviours in the Caribbean...
June 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619050/a-standardized-crisis-management-model-for-self-harming-and-suicidal-individuals-with-three-or-more-diagnostic-criteria-of-borderline-personality-disorder-the-brief-admission-sk%C3%A3-ne-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-basrct
#9
Sophie I Liljedahl, Marjolein Helleman, Daiva Daukantaité, Åsa Westrin, Sofie Westling
BACKGROUND: Brief Admission is a crisis and risk management strategy in which self-harming and suicidal individuals with three or more diagnostic criteria of borderline personality disorder self-admit to hospital at times of increasing risk when other efforts to stay safe are failing. Standardized in the current randomized controlled trial, the intensity of Brief Admission Skåne is implemented in durations of three days, with a maximum frequency of three times a month. Brief Admission is integrated into existing treatment plans in advance of crises to prevent reliance on general psychiatric admissions for risk management, as these may be lengthy, unstructured, and of uncertain therapeutic value...
June 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615181/fifteen-minute-consultation-communicating-with-young-people-how-to-use-heeadsss-a-psychosocial-interview-for-adolescents
#10
Montserrat Doukrou, Terry Yvonne Segal
Adolescents undergo a period of biological, social and psychosocial development, and each of these domains impacts each other. Psychosocial areas of concern often emerge over the adolescent period (such as mental health conditions, drug use and risky sexual behaviour); those with chronic illness being at higher risk. The paper aims to guide health practitioners on when and how to approach the psychosocial interview with young people and assess areas of risk or concern. This will include putting them at ease, developing rapport, seeing them alone and explaining confidentiality before commencing the assessment...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606625/-terrorism-and-human-behavior
#11
S J Leistedt
OBJECTIVES: Theories of religion are essential for understanding current trends in terrorist activities. The aim of this work is to clarify religion's role in facilitating terror and outline in parallel with recent theoretical developments on terrorism and human behaviour. METHODS: Several databases were used such as PubCentral, Scopus, Medline and Science Direct. The search terms "terrorism", "social psychology", "religion", "evolution", and "cognition" were used to identify relevant studies in the databases...
June 9, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596127/does-the-environment-affect-suicide-rates-in-spain-a-spatiotemporal-analysis
#12
Maite Santurtún, Ana Santurtún, María T Zarrabeitia
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is an important public health problem, it represents one of the major causes of unnatural death, and there are many factors that affect the risk of suicidal behaviour. The present study analyzes the temporal and spatial variations of mortality by suicide in Spain and its relationship with gross domestic product (GDP) per capita. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed, in which deaths by suicide, sex and age group in 50 Spanish provinces between 2000 and 2012 were analyzed...
June 5, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580021/a-cognitive-distortions-and-deficits-model-of-suicide-ideation
#13
Laura L Fazakas-DeHoog, Katerina Rnic, David J A Dozois
Although cognitive distortions and deficits are known risk factors for the development and escalation of suicide ideation and behaviour, no empirical work has examined how these variables interact to predict suicide ideation. The current study proposes an integrative model of cognitive distortions (hopelessness and negative evaluations of self and future) and deficits (problem solving deficits, problem solving avoidance, and cognitive rigidity). To test the integrity of this model, a sample of 397 undergraduate students completed measures of deficits, distortions, and current suicide ideation...
May 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574009/potential-biomarkers-for-bipolar-disorder-where-do-we-stand
#14
REVIEW
Rajesh Sagar, Raman Deep Pattanayak
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe, recurrent mood disorder, associated with a significant morbidity and mortality, with high rates of suicides and medical comorbidities. There is a high risk of mood disorders among the first-degree relatives of patients with BD. In the current clinical practice, the diagnosis of BD is made by history taking, interview and behavioural observations, thereby lacking an objective, biological validation. This approach may result in underdiagnosis, misdiagnosis and eventually poorer outcomes...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573672/memo-an-mhealth-intervention-to-prevent-the-onset-of-depression-in-adolescents-a-double-blind-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Robyn Whittaker, Karolina Stasiak, Heather McDowell, Iain Doherty, Matthew Shepherd, Shireen Chua, Enid Dorey, Varsha Parag, Shanthi Ameratunga, Anthony Rodgers, Sally Merry
BACKGROUND: Depression often starts in adolescence making it an ideal time to intervene. We developed a universal cognitive behavioural therapy-based programme (MEMO CBT) to be delivered via multimedia mobile phone messages for teens. METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled superiority trial in 15 high schools in Auckland, New Zealand, comparing MEMO CBT with a control programme [MEMO control] matched for intensity and type of message but with alternative content not targeting depression...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28568246/total-sleep-time-as-a-predictor-of-suicidal-behaviour
#16
Matthew S Michaels, Tia Balthrop, Michael R Nadorff, Thomas E Joiner
Insomnia symptoms are a known predictor of suicide; however, less is known about the relationship between hypersomnia and suicide, and how total sleep time may better account for suicidal ideation compared with subjective reports of insomnia symptoms. In the present secondary data analysis, a squared term confirmed the importance of both short and long total sleep time on suicidal behaviour. Total sleep time had a significant positive direct effect on suicidal behaviour (b = 0.20, SE = 0.08, P < 0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565940/exposure-to-suicide-behaviour-and-individual-risk-of-self-harm-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-new-zealand-high-school-survey
#17
Song Chan, Simon Denny, Theresa Fleming, Sarah Fortune, Roshini Peiris-John, Ben Dyson
PURPOSE: To examine whether there is an association between students self-reported suicide attempts and non-suicidal self-injury and exposure to suicidal behaviour among friends, family members or within school communities. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative health and well-being survey of 8500 New Zealand high school students conducted from March through November 2012. Students' self-reported suicide attempts and repeated non-suicidal self-injury was examined in relation to student reports of self-harming behaviour among friends and family as well as data from school administrators of completed suicides within the school community...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558886/lipids-aggression-suicidality-and-impulsivity-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-drug-free-patients-of-schizophrenia
#18
Anjana Rao Kavoor, Sayantanava Mitra, Sudhir Kumar, Anil Kr Sisodia, Rakesh Jain
AIM: Present study aimed at determining lipid profiles in acutely symptomatic drug-naïve/drug-free patients of schizophrenia, comparing them with healthy controls and exploring relationships between various lipid fractions, aggression, suicidality and impulsivity in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional hospital-based study, comparing patients with schizophrenia (M=46, F=14; mean age 32.40±6.6 years; 48 drug-free for 10.50±9.2 weeks) with 60 age-sex matched healthy controls...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555056/functional-coping-dynamics-and-experiential-avoidance-in-a-community-sample-with-no-self-injury-vs-non-suicidal-self-injury-only-vs-those-with-both-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-behaviour
#19
Emma Nielsen, Kapil Sayal, Ellen Townsend
Although emotional avoidance may be a critical factor in the pathway from psychological distress to self-injury and/or suicidality, little is known about the relative importance of differing functional coping dynamics and experiential avoidance between people with self-injury histories of differing intent (e.g., Non-Suicidal Self-Injury only vs. Non-Suicidal Self-Injury plus Suicidal Behaviour; NSSI vs. NSSI + SB). A community-based survey (N = 313; female, 81%; ages 16-49 years, M = 19.78, SD = 3.48) explored self-reported experiential avoidance and functional coping dynamics in individuals with (i) no self-injury history (controls); (ii) a history of NSSI only; and (iii) a history of NSSI + SB...
May 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545009/mediating-role-of-borderline-personality-disorder-traits-in-the-effects-of-childhood-maltreatment-on-suicidal-behaviour-among-mood-disorder-patients
#20
K I Aaltonen, T Rosenström, I Baryshnikov, B Karpov, T Melartin, K Suominen, M Heikkinen, P Näätänen, M Koivisto, G Joffe, E Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Substantial evidence supports an association between childhood maltreatment and suicidal behaviour. However, few studies have examined factors mediating this relationship among patients with unipolar or bipolar mood disorders. METHODS: Depressive disorder and bipolar disorder (ICD-10-DCR) patients (n=287) from the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium (HUPC) Study were surveyed on self-reported childhood experiences, current depressive symptoms, borderline personality disorder traits, and lifetime suicidal behaviour...
April 8, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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