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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231627/factors-predicting-recovery-from-suicide-in-attempted-suicide-patients
#1
Fan-Ko Sun, Chu-Yun Lu, Yun Shan Tseng, Chun-Ying Chiang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the factors predicting suicide recovery and to provide guidance for healthcare professionals when caring for individuals who have attempted suicide. BACKGROUND: The high rate of suicide is a global health problem. Suicide prevention has become an important issue in contemporary mental health. Most suicide research has focused on suicidal prevention and care. There is a lack of research on the factors predicting suicidal recovery DESIGN: A cross-sectional design was adopted...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229240/microglia-in-the-dorsal-raphe-nucleus-plays-a-potential-role-in-both-suicide-facilitation-and-prevention-in-affective-disorders
#2
Ralf Brisch, Johann Steiner, Christian Mawrin, Marta Krzyżanowska, Zbigniew Jankowski, Tomasz Gos
An involvement of the central serotonergic system has constantly been reported in the pathogenesis of suicide. The dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) is the main source of serotonergic innervation of forebrain limbic structures disturbed in suicidal behaviour, in which an abnormal microglia reaction seems to play a role. In our present study, the density of microglia immunostained for the HLA-DR antigen was evaluated in the DRN. These analyses were carried out on paraffin-embedded brains from 24 suicidal and 21 non-suicidal patients; among them, 27 depressed (15 major depressive disorder and 12 bipolar disorder) and 18 schizophrenia (9 residual and 9 paranoid) patients and 22 matched controls without mental disorders...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224962/-gambling-in-elderly-patients
#3
Morgane Guillou Landreat, Jean-Yves Le Reste, Catherine Théréné-Mouden, Julie Caillon, Jennyfer Cholet, Marie Grall Bronnec
Behavioural addictions concern behaviour which generate pleasure (shopping, gambling, sex, etc.). Pathological gambling is the most common behavioural addiction in elderly people. It can be severely harmful causing psychological, financial and family problems and increasing the risk of suicide. Gambling addiction is underestimated in the elderly. Psychological, social and family support is important whatever the age, with treatment aiming to improve the person's quality of life, help them regain control of their gambling or stop altogether...
January 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#4
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202089/suicidal-ideation-and-behaviour-among-community-and-health-care-seeking-populations-in-five-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
M Jordans, S Rathod, A Fekadu, G Medhin, F Kigozi, B Kohrt, N Luitel, I Petersen, R Shidhaye, J Ssebunnya, V Patel, C Lund
: Aims Suicidal behaviour is an under-reported and hidden cause of death in most low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) due to lack of national systematic reporting for cause-specific mortality, high levels of stigma and religious or cultural sanctions. The lack of information on non-fatal suicidal behaviour (ideation, plans and attempts) in LMIC is a major barrier to design and implementation of prevention strategies. This study aims to determine the prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour within community- and health facility-based populations in LMIC...
February 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195510/health-professionals-explanations-of-suicidal-behaviour
#6
Inês Areal Rothes, Margarida Rangel Henriques
In a help relation with a suicidal person, the theoretical models of suicidality can be essential to guide the health professional's comprehension of the client/patient. The objectives of this study were to identify health professionals' explanations of suicidal behaviors and to study the effects of professional group, theoretical intervention models, and patient suicide experience in professionals' representations. Two hundred and forty-two health professionals filled out a self-report questionnaire. Exploratory principal components analysis was used...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188894/emerging-rna-editing-biomarkers-will-foster-drug-development
#7
REVIEW
Siem van der Laan, Nicolas Salvetat, Dinah Weissmann, Franck Molina
Unanticipated adverse drug reactions (ADRs) on the central nervous system are a major cause of clinical attrition and market withdrawal. Current practices for their prospective assessment still lean on extensive analysis of rodent behaviour despite their highly controversial predictive value. Human-derived in vitro models that objectively quantify mechanism-related biomarkers can greatly contribute to better ADR prediction at early developmental stages. Adenosine-to-inosine RNA editing constitutes a physiological cellular process that translates environmental cues by regulating protein function at the synaptic level in health and disease...
February 7, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185683/suicidal-behaviours-in-male-and-female-users-of-illicit-drugs-recruited-in-drug-treatment-facilities
#8
Elisabet Arribas-Ibar, Josep Maria Suelves, Albert Sanchez-Niubò, Antònia Domingo-Salvany, M T Brugal
OBJECTIVE: We assessed prevalence of suicidal ideation and plans among illicit drug users and their association with contextual factors, by gender. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. In a sample of 511 illicit drug users recruited during spring 2012 in drug treatment and prevention facilities in Catalonia (Spain), the prevalence of suicidal ideation/plans in the last 12 months was assessed. Poisson regression was used to examine associations between suicidal ideation/plans and various factors (socio-demographic, psychological, illegal drug market activities and marginal income generation activities, which included any reported sex work, stealing, peddling, begging or borrowing on credit from a dealer)...
February 6, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185591/life-stress-and-suicidal-ideation-in-australian-men-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-male-health-baseline-data
#9
Dianne Currier, Matthew J Spittal, George Patton, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of death in Australian males aged 18 to 55. Non-fatal suicidal behaviours and thoughts are indicators of increased risk for future suicide. Suicidal behaviour is complex and multi-determined. Research supports the involvement of stressful life events in suicide and suicidal behaviour, however the evidence regarding suicidal thoughts is less developed. This study investigates stressful life events in relation to suicidal ideation in a large cohort of adult males recruited into Ten to Men, the Australian Longitudinal Study on Male Health...
October 31, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185269/psychotic-experiences-and-suicide-attempt-risk-in-common-mental-disorders-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
I Kelleher, H Ramsay, J DeVylder
OBJECTIVE: Recent research has demonstrated a strong relationship between psychotic experiences and suicidal behaviour. No research to date, however, has investigated the role of borderline personality disorder (BPD) in this relationship, despite the fact that BPD is highly comorbid with common mental disorders and is associated with both recurrent suicidal behaviour and psychotic experiences. This paper examined the relationship between psychotic experiences and suicide attempts, including interrelationships with BPD and common mental disorders...
March 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183281/assessing-the-risk-for-suicide-in-schizophrenia-according-to-migration-ethnicity-and-geographical-ancestry
#11
Nuwan C Hettige, Ali Bani-Fatemi, James L Kennedy, Vincenzo De Luca
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a leading cause of mortality among those afflicted by schizophrenia. Previous studies demonstrated that the stressors associated with immigration may lead to an onset of schizophrenia and suicide separately in susceptible individuals. However, no studies have shown whether immigration may lead to suicidal behaviour for individuals with schizophrenia. Our study proposes that an individual's geographical ancestry, ethnicity or migration status may be predictive of suicide risk in schizophrenia...
February 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178949/selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-versus-placebo-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#12
Janus Christian Jakobsen, Kiran Kumar Katakam, Anne Schou, Signe Gade Hellmuth, Sandra Elkjær Stallknecht, Katja Leth-Møller, Maria Iversen, Marianne Bjørnø Banke, Iggiannguaq Juhl Petersen, Sarah Louise Klingenberg, Jesper Krogh, Sebastian Elgaard Ebert, Anne Timm, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud
BACKGROUND: The evidence on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for major depressive disorder is unclear. METHODS: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review assessing the effects of SSRIs versus placebo, 'active' placebo, or no intervention in adult participants with major depressive disorder. We searched for eligible randomised clinical trials in The Cochrane Library's CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, PsycLIT, PsycINFO, Science Citation Index Expanded, clinical trial registers of Europe and USA, websites of pharmaceutical companies, the U...
February 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160684/major-depressive-disorder-and-suicidality-in-early-hiv-infection-and-its-association-with-risk-factors-and-negative-outcomes-as-seen-in-semi-urban-and-rural-uganda
#13
Eugene Kinyanda, Noeline Nakasujja, Jonathan Levin, Harriet Birabwa, Richard Mpango, Heiner Grosskurth, Soraya Seedat, Vikram Patel
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of research into the psychiatric problems associated with early stage HIV clinical disease in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross sectional study was undertaken among 899 adult ART naïve persons in early stage HIV clinical disease (participants with CD4≥250 and who were at WHO clinical Stage I or II) attending a semi-urban and a rural clinic in Uganda. RESULTS: The prevalence of major depressive disorder in this study was 14...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159980/exploring-suicidal-behaviours-by-probation-clients-a-qualitative-near-lethal-study
#14
J C Mackenzie, T Cartwright, J Borrill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132000/computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression-in-adolescents-feasibility-results-and-4-month-outcomes-of-a-uk-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Barry Wright, Lucy Tindall, Elizabeth Littlewood, Victoria Allgar, Paul Abeles, Dominic Trépel, Shehzad Ali
OBJECTIVES: Computer-administered cognitive-behavioural therapy (CCBT) may be a promising treatment for adolescents with depression, particularly due to its increased availability and accessibility. The feasibility of delivering a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing a CCBT program (Stressbusters) with an attention control (self-help websites) for adolescent depression was evaluated. DESIGN: Single centre RCT feasibility study. SETTING: The trial was run within community and clinical settings in York, UK...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119350/a-systematic-review-of-management-strategies-for-children-s-mental-health-care-in-the-emergency-department-update-on-evidence-and-recommendations-for-clinical-practice-and-research
#16
Amanda S Newton, Lisa Hartling, Amir Soleimani, Scott Kirkland, Michele P Dyson, Mario Cappelli
OBJECTIVE: Children with mental health crises require access to specialised resources and services which are not yet standard in general and paediatric EDs. In 2010, we published a systematic review that provided some evidence to support the use of specialised care models to reduce hospitalisation, return ED visits and length of ED stay. We perform a systematic review to update the evidence base and inform current policy statements. METHODS: Twelve databases and the grey literature were searched up to January 2015...
January 24, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119174/maoa-and-maob-polymorphisms-and-personality-traits-in-suicide-attempters-and-healthy-controls-a-preliminary-study
#17
Martina Balestri, Raffaella Calati, Alessandro Serretti, Annette M Hartmann, Bettina Konte, Marion Friedl, Ina Giegling, Dan Rujescu
Serotonergic neurotransmission dysfunctions have been well documented in patients with suicidal behaviour. We investigated monoamine oxidase A (MAOA: rs2064070, rs6323, rs909525) and B (MAOB: rs1799836, rs2311013, rs2205655) genetic modulation of personality traits (Temperament and Character Inventory, TCI) as endophenotype for suicidal behaviour. 108 suicide attempters and 286 healthy controls of German origin were screened. Among females, allelic analyses revealed associations between MAOA rs6323 A allele and higher Harm Avoidance in suicide attempters and MAOB rs2205655 A allele and higher Cooperativeness scores in healthy controls...
January 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114936/suicidal-patients-experiences-regarding-their-safety-during-psychiatric-in-patient-care-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#18
Siv Hilde Berg, Kristine Rørtveit, Karina Aase
BACKGROUND: In-patient suicide prevention is a high priority in many countries, but its practice remains poorly understood. Patients in a suicidal crisis who receive psychiatric care can provide valuable insight into understanding and improving patient safety. The aim of this paper was therefore to summarize the qualitative literature regarding suicidal patients' in-patient care experiences. The following question guided the review: How can we describe suicidal patients' experiences regarding safety during psychiatric in-patient care? METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted in the MEDLINE, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, SOCINDEX and PsycINFO databases, identifying 20 qualitative studies on suicidal patients and their psychiatric in-patient care experiences...
January 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112013/beyond-psychopathology-a-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study-of-young-adult-males
#19
Victoria Ross, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: As young Australian males are at a high risk of suicide, the identification of risk factors other than psychopathology is vital for the development of comprehensive suicide prevention measures. AIMS: The study investigated whether there were differences in risk factors and pathways to suicide in young adult males from Queensland, Australia, with and without a diagnosable psychiatric disorder. METHODS: A case-control, psychological autopsy method was applied using a control group of young males who had died suddenly from causes other than suicide...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107704/the-threat-of-home-eviction-and-its-effects-on-health-through-the-equity-lens-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Hugo Vásquez-Vera, Laia Palència, Ingrid Magna, Carlos Mena, Jaime Neira, Carme Borrell
The aims of this review are to gather and systematize the currently available evidence on the effect of the threat of eviction on health and its eventual spillover effects, to assess the quality of the selected studies, and to describe how these findings vary with respect to dimensions of social inequity. We conducted a literature search in March 2016, which yielded 2208 unduplicated articles. The title, abstract and full text of these articles were reviewed by three independent pairs of researchers. We performed a quality assessment of each article, and evaluated whether health inequities had been considered...
January 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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