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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530312/-the-second-victim-treating-the-health-care-providers
#1
REVIEW
Shimrit Shor, Orna Tal, Ron Maymon
During their professional careers, physicians and other health care providers are repeatedly exposed to emotional stress. This is usually secondary to coping with the results of a medical error or complicated medical event. Generally, in the above cases, the patient and his/her family are in the center of the medical system, being "the first victim" of such an event, while the involved caregiver, who provided the medical service, is categorized as the "second victim". "Second victims" may feel anxiety, fear, guilt or anger and experience social withdrawal, which may lead to troubling memories, depression and insomnia...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525821/effect-of-exercise-augmentation-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-suicidal-ideation-and-depression
#2
Abbas Abdollahi, Daniel M LeBouthillier, Mahmoud Najafi, Gordon J G Asmundson, Simin Hosseinian, Shahriar Shahidi, Per Carlbring, Atefeh Kalhori, Hassan Sadeghi, Marzieh Jalili
BACKGROUND: Suicidal ideation and depression are prevalent and costly conditions that reduce quality of life. This study was designed to determine the efficacy of exercise as an adjunct to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for suicidal ideation and depression among depressed individuals. METHODS: In a randomized clinical trial, 54 mildly to moderately depressed patients (54% female, mean age=48.25) were assigned to a combined CBT and exercise group or to a CBT only group...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516734/does-co-occurring-borderline-personality-disorder-influence-acute-phase-treatment-for-first-episode-psychosis
#3
Shona M Francey, Martina Jovev, Christina Phassouliotis, Sue M Cotton, Andrew M Chanen
BACKGROUND: This aims of this study were: (1) to determine the prevalence of co-occurring borderline personality disorder (BPD) in a first-episode psychosis (FEP) sample; (2) to determine differences between patients with and without BPD on demographics, comorbidities and clinical risks and other variables; and (3) to examine whether BPD comorbidity influenced treatment received by patients for FEP during their first 3 months after service entry to a specialist early psychosis service...
May 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#4
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512767/duration-of-major-and-minor-depressive-episodes-and-associated-risk-indicators-in-a-psychiatric-epidemiological-cohort-study-of-the-general-population
#5
M Ten Have, B W J H Penninx, M Tuithof, S van Dorsselaer, M Kleinjan, J Spijker, R de Graaf
OBJECTIVE: Hardly any studies exist on the duration of major depressive disorder (MDD) and factors that explain variations in episode duration that lack biases. This limits clinical decision-making and leaves patients wondering when they will recover. METHOD: Data were used from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2, a psychiatric epidemiological cohort study among a nationally representative adult population. Respondents with a newly originated depressive episode were selected: 286 MDD and 107 minor depressive disorder (MinDD) cases...
May 16, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509577/alexithymia-suicidal-ideation-and-health-risk-behaviours-a-survey-of-canadian-men
#6
David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk, Simon M Rice, John L Oliffe
OBJECTIVE: Restricted emotional abilities may present significant implications for men's health. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between alexithymia and several health-risk behaviours: substance misuse, aggressive and risky behaviours and suicidal ideation. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 1000 Canadian men responded to a survey containing measures of alexithymia, maladaptive coping behaviours, suicidal ideation and depressive symptoms...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507771/association-between-suicidal-symptoms-and-repeat-suicidal-behaviour-within-a-sample-of-hospital-treated-suicide-attempters
#7
Derek P de Beurs, Claudia D van Borkulo, Rory C O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behaviour is the end result of the complex relation between many factors which are biological, psychological and environmental in nature. Network analysis is a novel method that may help us better understand the complex association between different factors. AIMS: To examine the relationship between suicidal symptoms as assessed by the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation and future suicidal behaviour in patients admitted to hospital following a suicide attempt, using network analysis...
May 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490324/the-experiences-of-attempt-survivor-families-and-how-they-cope-after-a-suicide-attempt-in-ghana-a-qualitative-study
#8
Winifred Asare-Doku, Joseph Osafo, Charity S Akotia
BACKGROUND: Ghana's socio-cultural landscape proscribes suicidal behaviour, and this has serious ramifications for attempt survivors and their families. The objective of this qualitative study was to understand the experiences of the families of attempt survivors and how they cope with the aftermath of the attempt. METHODS: Ten families with attempted suicides agreed to participate in the study, hence they were interviewed. The information gathered was manually analyzed according to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) resulting in three major thematic areas...
May 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490190/deployment-related-traumatic-events-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-canadian-armed-forces-personnel
#9
Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Sarah Turner, Murray B Stein, Mark A Zamorski
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, there has been substantial controversy with respect to whether military deployment is a risk factor for suicidal behaviour. The present study examined the relationship between lifetime exposure to deployment and deployment-related traumatic events (DRTEs) and past-year suicidal ideation (SI), suicidal plans (SP), and suicidal attempts (SA). METHOD: Data were analysed from the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey (8161 respondents; response rate, 79...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488884/evaluation-of-a-novel-risk-assessment-method-for-self-harm-associated-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Sathya Rao, Jillian H Broadbear, Katherine Thompson, Anna Correia, Martin Preston, Paul Katz, Robert Trett
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with frequent self-harm and suicidal behaviours. This study compared physician-assessed self-harm risk and intervention choice according to a (i) standard risk assessment and (ii) BPD-specific risk assessment methods. METHODS: Forty-five junior and senior mental health physicians were assigned to standard or BPD-specific risk training groups. The assessment utilized a BPD case vignette containing four scenarios describing high/low lethality self-harm and chronic/new patterns of self-harm behaviour...
May 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484600/health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychopathological-distress-in-risk-taking-and-self-harming-adolescents-with-full-syndrome-subthreshold-and-without-borderline-personality-disorder-rethinking-the-clinical-cut-off
#11
Michael Kaess, Gloria Fischer-Waldschmidt, Franz Resch, Julian Koenig
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic standards do not acknowledge developmental specifics and differences in the clinical presentation of adolescents with borderline personality disorder (BPD). BPD is associated with severe impairments in health related quality of life (HRQoL) and increased psychopathological distress. Previously no study addressed differences in HRQoL and psychopathology in adolescents with subthreshold and full-syndrome BPD as well as adolescents at-risk for the development but no current BPD...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480806/mechanisms-of-change-in-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-and-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#12
Susie Rudge, Janet Denise Feigenbaum, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the "active ingredients" of psychological therapy for Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) despite a growing evidence base documenting its clinical effectiveness. This information can be used by clinicians to inform service planning and care pathways. AIMS: The aim of this study was to review published empirical research investigating the potential mechanisms underlying therapeutic change in Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) for BPD...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474054/a-decision-support-tool-to-inform-australian-strategies-for-preventing-suicide-and-suicidal-behaviour
#13
Andrew Page, Jo-An Atkinson, Mark Heffernan, Geoff McDonnell, Ian Hickie
Dynamic simulation modelling is increasingly being recognised as a valuable decision-support tool to help guide investments and actions to address complex public health issues such as suicide. In particular, participatory system dynamics (SD) modelling provides a useful tool for asking high-level 'what if' questions, and testing the likely impacts of different combinations of policies and interventions at an aggregate level before they are implemented in the real world. We developed an SD model for suicide prevention in Australia, and investigated the hypothesised impacts over the next 10 years (2015-2025) of a combination of current intervention strategies proposed for population interventions in Australia: 1) general practitioner (GP) training, 2) coordinated aftercare in those who have attempted suicide, 3) school-based mental health literacy programs, 4) brief-contact interventions in hospital settings, and 5) psychosocial treatment approaches...
April 27, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472923/risk-of-re-attempts-and-suicide-death-after-a-suicide-attempt-a-survival-analysis
#14
Isabel Parra-Uribe, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Gemma Garcia-Parés, Luis Martínez-Naval, Oliver Valero-Coppin, Annabel Cebrià-Meca, Maria A Oquendo, Diego Palao-Vidal
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the primary cause of unnatural death in Spain, and suicide re-attempts a major economic burden worldwide. The risk factors for re-attempt and suicide after an index suicide attempt are different. This study aims to investigate risk factors for re-attempt and suicide after an index suicide attempt. METHODS: This observational study is part of a one-year telephone management program. We included all first-time suicide attempters evaluated in the emergency department at Parc Taulí-University Hospital (n = 1241) recruited over a five-year period (January 2008 to December 2012)...
May 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468644/self-injury-and-externalizing-pathology-a-systematic-literature-review
#15
Gergely Meszaros, Lili Olga Horvath, Judit Balazs
BACKGROUND: During the last decade there is a growing scientific interest in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The aim of the current paper was to review systematically the literature with a special focus on the associations between self-injurious behaviours and externalizing psychopathology. An additional aim was to review terminology and measurements of self-injurious behaviour and the connection between self-injurious behaviours and suicide in the included publications. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted on 31st December 2016 in five databases (PubMed, OVID Medline, OVID PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science) with two categories of search terms (1...
May 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466710/bereavement-by-suicide-is-a-distinctive-kind-of-loss
#16
Ian Hulatt
There are many acts of human behaviour that are puzzling and even some that are outside the scope of our imagination.
May 3, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463239/subcortical-brain-structure-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-meta-analysis-from-the-enigma-mdd-working-group
#17
M E Rentería, L Schmaal, D P Hibar, B Couvy-Duchesne, L T Strike, N T Mills, G I de Zubicaray, K L McMahon, S E Medland, N A Gillespie, S N Hatton, J Lagopoulos, D J Veltman, N van der Wee, T G M van Erp, K Wittfeld, H J Grabe, A Block, K Hegenscheid, H Völzke, I M Veer, H Walter, K Schnell, E Schramm, C Normann, D Schoepf, C Konrad, B Zurowski, B R Godlewska, P J Cowen, B W J H Penninx, N Jahanshad, P M Thompson, M J Wright, N G Martin, H Christensen, I B Hickie
The aetiology of suicidal behaviour is complex, and knowledge about its neurobiological mechanisms is limited. Neuroimaging methods provide a noninvasive approach to explore the neural correlates of suicide vulnerability in vivo. The ENIGMA-MDD Working Group is an international collaboration evaluating neuroimaging and clinical data from thousands of individuals collected by research groups from around the world. Here we present analyses in a subset sample (n=3097) for whom suicidality data were available. Prevalence of suicidal symptoms among major depressive disorder (MDD) cases ranged between 29 and 69% across cohorts...
May 2, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448609/six-autoantibodies-associated-with-autoimmune-encephalitis-are-not-detectable-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-suicide-attempters
#18
Johan Fernström, Åsa Westrin, Cécile Grudet, Lil Träskman-Bendz, Lena Brundin, Daniel Lindqvist
Previous findings suggest a link between neuroinflammatory processes and suicidality. Despite several lines of evidence supporting this link, including increased pro-inflammatory markers in blood-, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)- and in post-mortem brain samples from suicidal individuals, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. In this pilot study, we explored the possibility that autoimmune encephalopathies might be found among suicide attempters. We analysed the presence of six different autoantibodies (N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazol-propionic acid receptor, the γ-amino-butyric acid B-receptor, the leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated 1, the contactin-associated protein-like 2, and the dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein-6), all previously associated with psychopathology, in CSF samples from 29 unmedicated suicide attempters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437762/public-attitudes-toward-depression-and-help-seeking-impact-of-the-ospi-europe-depression-awareness-campaign-in-four-european-regions
#19
Elisabeth Kohls, Evelien Coppens, Juliane Hug, Eline Wittevrongel, Chantal Van Audenhove, Nicole Koburger, Ella Arensman, András Székely, Ricardo Gusmão, Ulrich Hegerl
BACKGROUND: Public attitudes toward depression and help-seeking behaviour are important factors influencing depressed people to obtain professional help and adequate treatment. OSPI-Europe is a multi-level suicide prevention programme including a public awareness campaign. It was implemented in four regions of four European countries (Germany, Hungary, Ireland and Portugal). This paper reports the results of the evaluation of the campaign, including its visibility and effects of the campaign on stigma associated with depression and help-seeking behaviour...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436130/sleep-complaints-associated-with-wish-to-die-after-a-suicide-crisis-an-exploratory-study
#20
Anca Mirsu-Paun, Isabelle Jaussent, Giovanni Komar, Philippe Courtet, Jorge Lopez-Castroman
The present study explores whether sleep concerns are associated with wish to die throughout a 1-month time interval following a suicide crisis. Sixty-eight patients admitted to the emergency department of a general or psychiatric hospital were enrolled. Sleep difficulties were assessed using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, self-reported satisfaction with sleep and time in bed. Suicidal ideation was assessed through the presence of a wish to die at 1 month following a suicide crisis...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
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