keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

suicidal behaviour

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729345/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-managing-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Georgina Krebs, Lorena Fernández de la Cruz, David Mataix-Cols
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is a relatively common and disabling psychiatric disorder characterised by excessive and persistent preoccupation with perceived defects or flaws in one's appearance, which are unnoticeable to others, and associated repetitive behaviours (eg, mirror checking). The disorder generally starts in adolescence, but often goes unnoticed and is severely underdiagnosed. Left untreated, BDD typically persists and causes marked functional impairment in multiple domains. This clinical review considers recent advances in the epidemiology and classification of BDD, including its reclassification in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders under the new 'Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders' chapter...
July 20, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718985/relationships-between-the-frequency-and-severity-of-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicide-attempts-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Holly E Andrewes, Carol Hulbert, Susan M Cotton, Jennifer Betts, Andrew M Chanen
AIM: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a recognized indicator of suicide risk. Yet, the ubiquity of this behaviour in borderline personality disorder (BPD) limits its utility as a predictor of risk. Consequently, this study aimed to elucidate the relationship between other features of NSSI, including frequency and severity, and suicide attempts. METHOD: Participants included 107 youth (15 to 25 year olds) with BPD who were assessed for BPD severity, depressive symptoms, 12-month frequency of NSSI and suicide attempts, as well as the levels of treatment sought following each self-harm event...
July 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718868/-implicit-associations-with-death-first-validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-suicide-implicit-association-test-suicide-iat
#3
Dajana Rath, Nina Hallensleben, Heide Glaesmer, Lena Spangenberg, Maria Strauss, Anette Kersting, Tobias Teismann, Thomas Forkmann
Nock, Park, Finn, et al. 1 developed an implicit association test for suicide (suicide IAT) measuring the implicit association between 'death' and 'self'. They demonstrated that psychiatric patients, who already attempted suicide, showed stronger implicit associations with 'death' than with 'life' compared to patients without suicide attempt history. The present study had 2 aims: (1) to present a new German version of the suicide IAT and provide its first validation and (2) to investigate how implicit associations (suicide IAT) relate to suicidal ideation and behaviour, well-known risk factors such as depressiveness and hopelessness, and central concepts of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide 2, Thwarted Belongingness and Perceived Burdensomeness...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713688/childhood-trauma-and-factors-associated-with-depression-among-inpatients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#4
Felipe José Nascimento Barreto, Frederico Duarte Garcia, Paulo Henrique Teixeira Prado, Paulo Marcos Brasil Rocha, Nádia Souza Las Casas, Felipe Barbosa Vallt, Humberto Correa, Maila Castro Lourenço Neves
AIM: To identify factors associated with depressive symptoms among inpatients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study performed in a subsample of a large cross-sectional research that investigated affective disorders and suicide behaviour among inpatients hospitalized in non-surgical wards of the University Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais from November 2013 to October 2015. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained through a structured interview and medical record review...
June 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708357/-mentalizing-in-liaison-psychiatry
#5
Paco Prada, Pierre Cole, Guido Bondolfi, Nader Perroud, Martin Debbané
In the past few years, there has been an increased and widespread interest for Mentalization-Based Therapies (MBTs). Although originally developed by Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy for the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), the scope of MBTs has now been broadened and is relevant in liaison psychiatry, not only to cope with personality disorders or phenomena such as emotional dysregulation and suicidal behaviours, but also because being ill and expericencieng a dependency-laden relationship with health workers tend to reduce mentalization capacities, thereby increasing the probability of misunderstandings, conflicts, treatment drop-outs or medical errors...
February 8, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707521/increased-risk-of-attempted-suicide-in-australian-veterans-is-associated-with-total-and-permanent-incapacitation-unemployment-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-severity
#6
Katelyn Kerr, Madeline Romaniuk, Sarah McLeay, Andrew Khoo, Michael T Dent, Mark Boshen
BACKGROUND: Military veterans have higher rates of suicidality and completed suicides compared to the general population. Previous research has demonstrated suicidal behaviour is higher in US combat veterans who are younger, suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety and score lower on measures of health. However, research on predictors of suicide for Australian veterans is limited. The aim of this study was to identify significant demographic and psychological differences between veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder who had attempted suicide and those with posttraumatic stress disorder who had not, as well as determine predictors of suicide attempts within an Australian cohort...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701336/internet-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-young-people-with-suicide-related-behaviour-reframe-it-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Sarah E Hetrick, Hok P Yuen, Eleanor Bailey, Georgina R Cox, Kate Templer, Simon M Rice, Sarah Bendall, Jo Robinson
BACKGROUND: Suicide-related behaviours are common in young people and associated with a range of negative outcomes. There are few evidence-based interventions; however, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) shows promise. Internet delivery of CBT is popular, with potential to increase reach and accessibility. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of an internet-based CBT program (Reframe-IT) in reducing suicide-related behaviours, depression, anxiety, hopelessness and improving problem solving and cognitive and behavioural skills in school students with suicide-related behaviours...
July 12, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698352/frequency-and-preventative-interventions-for-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-primary-school-age-children-a-scoping-review-protocol
#8
Danai Bem, Charlotte Connor, Colin Palmer, Sunita Channa, Max Birchwood
INTRODUCTION: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal behaviour have been witnessed in children as young as 6-7 years of age, but while there are many reviews of preventative interventions for NSSI and suicide in adolescents, few have explored its prevalence in younger children and the potential impact of preventative interventions at this stage of life. NSSI and suicidal behaviour are an increasing concern in schools but school-based programmes can improve knowledge, attitudes and help-seeking behaviours and help prevent escalation of NSSI and later suicide...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696430/neuropathology-of-suicide-recent-findings-and-future-directions
#9
P-E Lutz, N Mechawar, G Turecki
Suicide is a major public health concern and a leading cause of death in most societies. Suicidal behaviour is complex and heterogeneous, likely resulting from several causes. It associates with multiple factors, including psychopathology, personality traits, early-life adversity and stressful life events, among others. Over the past decades, studies in fields ranging from neuroanatomy, genetics and molecular psychiatry have led to a model whereby behavioural dysregulation, including suicidal behaviour (SB), develops as a function of biological adaptations in key brain systems...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691148/entomotoxicology-in-burnt-bodies-a-case-of-maternal-filicide-suicide-by-fire
#10
V Bugelli, L Papi, S Fornaro, F Stefanelli, S Chericoni, M Giusiani, S Vanin, C P Campobasso
One of the most common methods of maternal filicide is by fire. In this case study, a 40-year-old female and her children were found completely burned in a burnt out car. All bodies showed a degree of destruction by fire consisting to a level 3 of the Crow-Glassman Scale (CGS) and early stage of insect activity. Toxicological analyses were performed on soft tissues and body fluids still available. The results were positive for diazepam and its metabolites only for children with blood concentrations consistent with therapeutic doses of benzodiazepines...
July 9, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683228/effect-of-housing-first-on-suicidal-behaviour-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-homeless-adults-with-mental-disorders
#11
Joshua P Aquin, Leslie E Roos, Jino Distasio, Laurence Y Katz, Jimmy Bourque, James M Bolton, Shay-Lee Bolton, Jacquelyne Y Wong, Dan Chateau, Julian M Somers, Murray W Enns, Stephen W Hwang, James C Frankish, Jitender Sareen
OBJECTIVE: This study attempted to determine if Housing First (HF) decreased suicidal ideation and attempts compared to treatment as usual (TAU) amongst homeless persons with mental disorders, a population with a demonstrably high risk of suicidal behaviour. METHOD: The At Home/Chez Soi project is an unblinded, randomised control trial conducted across 5 Canadian cities (Vancouver, Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal, Moncton) from 2009 to 2013. Homeless adults with a diagnosed major mental health disorder were recruited through community agencies and randomised to HF ( n = 1265) and TAU ( n = 990)...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675938/self-harm-hospitalised-morbidity-and-mortality-risk-using-a-matched-population-based-cohort-design
#12
Rebecca J Mitchell, Cate M Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Prior and repeated self-harm hospitalisations are common risk factors for suicide. However, few studies have accounted for pre-existing comorbidities and prior hospital use when quantifying the burden of self-harm. The aim is to quantify hospitalisation in the 12 months preceding and re-hospitalisation and mortality risk in the 12 months post a self-harm hospitalisation. METHOD: A population-based matched cohort using linked hospital and mortality data for individuals ⩾18 years from four Australian jurisdictions...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663171/increased-serotonin-1a-receptor-availability-in-the-raphe-nuclei-predicts-future-suicidal-behaviour
#13
EDITORIAL
Andreas Frick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662585/characteristics-of-school-based-health-services-associated-with-students-mental-health
#14
Simon Denny, Hamish Howie, Sue Grant, Ross Galbreath, Jennifer Utter, Theresa Fleming, Terryann Clark
Objective School-based health services (SBHS) have been shown to improve access to mental health services but the evidence of their effectiveness on students' mental health is lacking. Our objective was to examine associations between variation in the provision of SBHS and students' mental health. Methods A cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative health and well-being survey of 8500 New Zealand high school students conducted in March-November 2012. Students' mental health is related to data on school health services obtained from clinic leaders and clinicians from 90 participating high schools...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651589/behavioural-activation-by-mental-health-nurses-for-late-life-depression-in-primary-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Noortje Janssen, Marcus J H Huibers, Peter Lucassen, Richard Oude Voshaar, Harm van Marwijk, Judith Bosmans, Mirjam Pijnappels, Jan Spijker, Gert-Jan Hendriks
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are common in older adults. The effectiveness of pharmacological treatments and the availability of psychological treatments in primary care are limited. A behavioural approach to depression treatment might be beneficial to many older adults but such care is still largely unavailable. Behavioural Activation (BA) protocols are less complicated and more easy to train than other psychological therapies, making them very suitable for delivery by less specialised therapists...
June 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648163/-self-injury-converting-emotional-distress-into-physical-pain
#16
Bo Møhl, Lotte Rubæk
Self-inflicted pain by cutting, hitting or burning oneself has become a common way to regulate emotions and to serve as coping strategy. 21.5-32% of adolescents in non-clinical populations have a history of non-suicidal self-injury. Non-suicidal self-injury has a momentarily relieving effect and is an important predictor of suicidal behaviour; even superficial self-injury should be taken seriously. There is an urgent need for organized treatment programmes for young people who self-harm.
June 26, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647722/developing-implementation-strategies-for-firearm-safety-promotion-in-paediatric-primary-care-for-suicide-prevention-in-two-large-us-health-systems-a-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#17
Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Shari Jager-Hyman, Steven C Marcus, Brian K Ahmedani, John E Zeber, Joel A Fein, Gregory K Brown, Adina Lieberman, Rinad S Beidas
INTRODUCTION: The promotion of safe firearm practices, or firearms means restriction, is a promising but infrequently used suicide prevention strategy in the USA. Safety Check is an evidence-based practice for improving parental firearm safety behaviour in paediatric primary care. However, providers rarely discuss firearm safety during visits, suggesting the need to better understand barriers and facilitators to promoting this approach. This study, Adolescent Suicide Prevention In Routine clinical Encounters, aims to engender a better understanding of how to implement the three firearm components of Safety Check as a suicide prevention strategy in paediatric primary care...
June 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642259/staff-experiences-and-perceptions-of-working-with-in-patients-who-are-suicidal-qualitative-analysis
#18
Yvonne Awenat, Sarah Peters, Emma Shaw-Nunez, Patricia Gooding, Daniel Pratt, Gillian Haddock
BackgroundSuicidal behaviour is frequent in psychiatric in-patients and much staff time and resources are devoted to assessing and managing suicide risk. However, little is known about staff experiences of working with in-patients who are suicidal.AimsTo investigate staff experiences of working with in-patients who are suicidal.MethodQualitative study guided by thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews with mental health staff with experience of psychiatric in-patient care.ResultsTwenty staff participated...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#19
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627446/lipid-profile-and-suicide-attempt-in-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-published-and-unpublished-data
#20
Francesco Bartoli, Carmen Di Brita, Cristina Crocamo, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
Evidence suggests an association between low lipid levels and suicidality in subjects with severe mental disorders. This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis aimed at exploring differences in lipid profile between suicide attempters and non-attempters with bipolar disorder. We included observational studies providing comparative cross-sectional data on total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides levels. We searched main Electronic Databases, identifying 11 studies that met our inclusion criteria, including also unpublished data...
June 13, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
65531
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"