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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470514/profile-of-suicide-attempts-and-risk-factors-among-psychiatric-patients-a-case-control-study
#1
Meha Bhatt, Stefan Perera, Laura Zielinski, Rebecca B Eisen, Sharon Yeung, Wala El-Sheikh, Jane DeJesus, Sumathy Rangarajan, Heather Sholer, Elizabeth Iordan, Pam Mackie, Shofiqul Islam, Mahshid Dehghan, Lehana Thabane, Zainab Samaan
BACKGROUND: Suicidal behaviour remains challenging for clinicians to predict, with few established risk factors and warning signs among psychiatric patients. AIM: We aimed to describe characteristics and identify risk factors for suicide attempts among patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Multivariable logistic regression analysis, adjusted for clinically important confounders, was employed to determine risk factors for suicide attempts within a psychiatric patient population...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470468/an-audit-of-risk-assessments-for-suicide-and-attempted-suicide-in-ed-a-retrospective-review-of-quality
#2
Wayne de Beer, Bernard DeWitt, Jules Schofield, Helen Clark, Veronique Gibbons
AIM: The primary aim of this audit was to determine the quality of psychiatric risk assessments conducted by Mental Health & Addiction Services clinicians for patients presenting to the emergency department, Waikato Hospital, Hamilton, New Zealand following an attempted suicide. METHOD: A retrospective, randomised audit of 376 files of patients who had presented to the ED over a 12-month period from 1 July 2015 to 30 June 2016 was conducted, following the standards outlined in the present New Zealand Ministry of Health Clinical Practice Guideline for Deliberate Self Harm (DSH)...
February 23, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465285/depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-irish-undergraduate-college-students
#3
Aine Horgan, Peter Kelly, John Goodwin, Laura Behan
This study examined the prevalence of depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among 220 first year undergraduate university students in Ireland. Data were collected using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale and the Suicidal Behaviours Questionnaire. Findings indicated that 59% of participants experienced depressive symptoms and 28.5% had suicidal ideation. Financial stress and poor relationships with both parents, increased the odds of experiencing depressive symptoms. Sexual orientation, financial stress, and poor relationships with fathers, increased the odds of experiencing suicidal ideation...
February 21, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459280/the-moderating-impact-of-childhood-adversity-profiles-and-conflict-on-psychological-health-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-the-northern-ireland-population
#4
Margaret McLafferty, Siobhan O'Neill, Sam Murphy, Cherie Armour, Finola Ferry, Brendan Bunting
Childhood adversities are key etiological factors in the onset and persistence of psychopathology. In Northern Ireland the Troubles also impacted on the population's psychological health. This study used data from the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress a collaborative epidemiological study which used the WMH-CIDI to assess mental health disorders in a nationally representative sample (Part 2, n = 1986). The aims of the study were to assess co-occurrences of childhood adversities and investigate the impact of adversity profiles and conflict experience on psychopathology and suicidal behaviour...
February 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452685/behavioural-outcomes-of-subthalamic-stimulation-and-medical-therapy-versus-medical-therapy-alone-for-parkinson-s-disease-with-early-motor-complications-earlystim-trial-secondary-analysis-of-an-open-label-randomised-trial
#5
Eugénie Lhommée, Lars Wojtecki, Virginie Czernecki, Karsten Witt, Franziska Maier, Lisa Tonder, Lars Timmermann, Thomas D Hälbig, Fanny Pineau, Franck Durif, Tatiana Witjas, Marcus Pinsker, Maximilian Mehdorn, Friederike Sixel-Döring, Andreas Kupsch, Rejko Krüger, Saskia Elben, Stephan Chabardès, Stéphane Thobois, Christine Brefel-Courbon, Fabienne Ory-Magne, Jean-Marie Regis, David Maltête, Anne Sauvaget, Jörn Rau, Alfons Schnitzler, Michael Schüpbach, Carmen Schade-Brittinger, Gunther Deuschl, Jean-Luc Houeto, Paul Krack
BACKGROUND: Although subthalamic stimulation is a recognised treatment for motor complications in Parkinson's disease, reports on behavioural outcomes are controversial, which represents a major challenge when counselling candidates for subthalamic stimulation. We aimed to assess changes in behaviour in patients with Parkinson's disease receiving combined treatment with subthalamic stimulation and medical therapy over a 2-year follow-up period as compared with the behavioural evolution under medical therapy alone...
March 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449291/adapting-and-enhancing-pax-good-behavior-game-for-first-nations-communities-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol-developed-with-swampy-cree-tribal-council-communities-in-manitoba
#6
Janique Fortier, Mariette Chartier, Sarah Turner, Nora Murdock, Frank Turner, Jitender Sareen, Tracie O Afifi, Laurence Y Katz, Marni Brownell, James Bolton, Brenda Elias, Corinne Isaak, Roberta Woodgate, Depeng Jiang
INTRODUCTION: High rates of mental health problems, such as suicidal behaviours, among First Nations youth in Canada are a major public health concern. The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a school-based intervention that provides a nurturing environment for children and has been shown to promote positive outcomes. PAX Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG) is an adaptation and enhancement of the GBG. While PAX GBG has been implemented in Indigenous communities, little research exists examining the cultural and contextual appropriateness and effectiveness of the intervention in First Nations communities...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447289/correlates-of-self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-in-justice-involved-young-people
#7
Stephane Shepherd, Benjamin Spivak, Rohan Borschmann, Stuart A Kinner, Henning Hachtel
The purpose of this study was to ascertain the prevalence and correlates of self-harm among young people in detention in Australia. The sample included 215 (177 male; 38 female) young people who were in youth detention in the state of Victoria, Australia. Participants were administered a series of questionnaires related to self-harm, mental health, socio-environmental experiences and behaviours. Overall, one-third (33%) of the sample reported previous self-harm and 12% reported at least one suicide attempt...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445850/factors-associated-with-household-food-insecurity-and-depression-in-pregnant-south-african-women-from-a-low-socio-economic-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Zulfa Abrahams, Crick Lund, Sally Field, Simone Honikman
PURPOSE: Food insecurity has been linked with maternal depression in low-income settings. Few studies have looked at factors associated with both food insecurity and maternal depression as outcomes. This study aimed to assess factors associated with food insecurity and depression in a sample of pregnant South African women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study at a Midwife Obstetric Unit in a low-income suburb in Cape Town. Pregnant women attending the clinic for their first antenatal visit were invited to participate...
February 14, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437752/towards-high-quality-useful-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-mental-health-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-exercise
#9
Kathryn Bennett, Stephanie Duda, Melissa Brouwers, Peter Szatmari, Amanda Newton, John McLennan, Purnima Sundar, Kristin Cleverley, Alice Charach, Joanna Henderson, Darren Courtney, Maureen Rice
INTRODUCTION: The quality of clinical practice guidelines (PGs) has not been evaluated in child and youth mental health (CYMH). To address this gap, we will: (1) conduct a systematic review (SR) to answer the question 'among eligible PGs relevant to the prevention or treatment of CYMH conditions, which PGs meet criteria for minimum and high quality?'; (2) apply nominal group methods to create recommendations for how CYMH PG quality, completeness and usefulness can be strengthened. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: SR: Potentially eligible PGs will be identified in 12 databases using a reproducible search strategy developed by a research librarian...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431142/do-eps-change-their-clinical-behaviour-in-the-hallway-or-when-a-companion-is-present-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Hanni Stoklosa, Meredith Scannell, Zheng Ma, Bernard Rosner, Ashley Hughes, J Stephen Bohan
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine whether emergency physicians (EPs) felt their standard patient evaluation practice was modified by two non-private clinical encounters: hallway encounters and encounters during which a companion was present. METHODS: We administered an iteratively developed cross-sectional survey at an annual national professional meeting. We used logistic regression to compare relationships among non-private clinical encounters and predictors of interest...
February 3, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417834/helping-adolescents-to-better-support-their-peers-with-a-mental-health-problem-a-cluster-randomised-crossover-trial-of-teen-mental-health-first-aid
#11
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417825/a-case-for-identifying-smoking-in-presentations-to-the-emergency-department-with-suicidality
#12
Kay Wilhelm, Tonelle Handley, Prasuna Reddy
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify mental health and lifestyle factors predicting smoking among people at high risk of suicidal behaviour. METHODS: Participants ( n = 363) completed self-report mental health and lifestyle measures at first appointment in a hospital clinic following presentation to the emergency department for deliberate self-harm or suicidal ideation. RESULTS: The rate of daily smoking in this group, 61.4%, is more than four times the rate observed in the general population...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409489/intimate-partner-sexual-violence-and-risk-for-femicide-suicidality-and-substance-use-among-women-in-antenatal-care-and-general-out-patients-in-thailand
#13
Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer, Orapin Laosee, Kawinarat Suthisukon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the occurrence and health consequences of intimate partner sexual assault. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual assault in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV) in Thailand. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey adult female participants were systematically screened (self-administered or interview administered) for IPV in antenatal care and general outpatient clinics in nine randomly selected hospitals in two provinces in the central region...
February 6, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408160/ten-year-prediction-of-suicide-death-using-cox-regression-and-machine-learning-in-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study-in-south-korea
#14
Soo Beom Choi, Wanhyung Lee, Jin-Ha Yoon, Jong-Uk Won, Deok Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Death by suicide is a preventable public health concern worldwide. The aim of this study is to investigate the probability of suicide death using baseline characteristics and simple medical facility visit history data using Cox regression, support vector machines (SVMs), and deep neural networks (DNNs). METHOD: This study included 819,951 subjects in the National Health Insurance Service (NHIS)-Cohort Sample Database from 2004 to 2013. The dataset was divided randomly into two independent training and validation groups...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397445/population-attributable-risk-of-factors-associated-with-the-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour-in-young-people-presenting-to-clinical-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Katrina Witt, Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Sarah Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis, Gregory Carter
The repetition of hospital-treated self-harm by young people is common. However, little work has summarised the modifiable factors associated with this. A thorough understanding of those factors most strongly associated with repetition could guide the development of relevant clinical interventions. We systematically reviewed four databases (EMBASE, Medline, PubMed and PsycINFO) until 15 April 2016 to identify all observational studies of factors for the repetition of self-harm or suicide reattempts (together referred to as 'self-harm behaviour') in young people...
February 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383554/-we-went-out-to-explore-but-gained-nothing-but-illness-immigration-expectations-reality-risk-and-resilience-in-chinese-canadian-women-with-a-history-of-suicide-related-behaviour
#16
Juveria Zaheer, Rahel Eynan, June S H Lam, Michael Grundland, Paul S Links
Suicide is a complex and tragic outcome driven by biological, psychological, social and cultural factors. Women of Chinese descent and women who have immigrated to other countries have higher rates of suicidal ideation and behaviour, and immigration-related stress may contribute. To understand the experiences of immigration and their relationship with distress and suicide-related behaviour in Chinese women who have immigrated to Canada. 10 semi-structured qualitative interviews with Chinese women who have immigrated to Toronto, Canada and have a history of suicide-related behaviour were completed and analyzed using a constructivist grounded theory methodology...
January 30, 2018: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379617/-don-t-push-me-aside-doctor-suicide-attempters-talk-about-their-support-needs-service-delivery-and-suicide-prevention-in-south-africa
#17
Jason Bantjes
Few studies have explored the expressed support needs of suicide attempters in developing countries. Data, collected via in-depth interviews with suicide attempters admitted to a South African hospital, were analysed using thematic content analysis. Participants explicitly asked for integrated psycho-social services at a primary health care level and say they require assistance with alleviating psychiatric symptoms, establishing connectedness, interpersonal conflict and solving socio-economic problems. Findings highlight the importance for suicide prevention of (1) considering interpersonal and contextual socio-economic factors in addition to the psychiatric causes of suicidal behaviour; and (2) multilevel strategies, intersectoral collaboration and integrated person-centred primary health care...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371875/psychopathology-of-addiction-can-the-scl90-based-five-dimensional-structure-differentiate-heroin-use-disorder-from-a-non-substance-related-addictive-disorder-such-as-gambling-disorder
#18
Angelo G I Maremmani, Denise Gazzarrini, Amelia Fiorin, Valeria Cingano, Graziano Bellio, Giulio Perugi, Icro Maremmani
Background: In the Gambling Disorder (GD), there is no exogenous drug administration that acts as the central core of the traditional meaning of addiction. A specific psychopathology of Substance Use Disorders has been proposed recently. In a sample of Heroin Use Disorder (HUD) patients entering opioid agonist treatment, it became possible to identify a group of 5 mutually exclusive psychiatric dimensions: Worthlessness-Being trapped (W-BT), Somatic Symptoms (SS), Sensitivity-Psychoticism (SP), Panic Anxiety (PA) and Violence-Suicide (VS)...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370787/the-association-between-electrodermal-activity-eda-depression-and-suicidal-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#19
Marco Sarchiapone, Carla Gramaglia, Miriam Iosue, Vladimir Carli, Laura Mandelli, Alessandro Serretti, Debora Marangon, Patrizia Zeppegno
BACKGROUND: Electrodermal activity (EDA) and other peripheral autonomic electrical parameters have been used as indicators of emotional states, including depressive states and suicidal state. We aimed to review EDA research systematically, focusing on EDA's usefulness as a biomarker for depression and suicidal behaviour. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases, following PRISMA guidelines. The initial screening of articles was based on titles and abstracts; then the full text was reviewed...
January 25, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368997/suicide-among-men-in-ghana-the-burden-of-masculinity
#20
Johnny Andoh-Arthur, Birthe Loa Knizek, Joseph Osafo, Heidi Hjelmeland
In Ghana, some studies have reported a high rate for both fatal and non-fatal suicidal behaviours among men. The current study aimed at understanding the psychosocial circumstances involved in male suicides. We interviewed between two to seven close relations of each of 12 men who died by suicide. Interpretative phenomenological analysis of data indicates that experiences of shame related to loss of economic control, breach of patriarchal norms, and threats to sexual competence contributed to the suicides. Addressing socioeconomic issues, creating opportunities for men to disclose their emotions, and identifying sources of these emotions may help prevent suicide among men...
January 25, 2018: Death Studies
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