keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Science Daily

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330176/therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-combining-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-for-eating-disorders-an-interview-study-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#1
Maria Bakland, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Rolf Wynn, Jan H Rosenvinge, Annett Victoria Stornæs, Gunn Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore how therapists running a guided physical exercise and dietary therapy programme (PED-t) experience their contribution to the treatment of patients with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. METHODS: Ten therapists running the PED-t were semistructurally interviewed and the transcribed interviews were analysed using a systematic text condensation approach. SETTING: The study was run within the context of a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323399/-usability-and-acceptability-of-portable-exoskeletons-for-gait-training-in-subjects-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
H Mardomingo-Medialdea, P Fernandez-Gonzalez, F Molina-Rueda
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury limits severely life expectancy and it causes in a restriction in the activities of the daily life of the subjects who suffer it. Training the gait with portable exoskeletons in subjects with spinal cord injury is a new approach to rehabilitation. AIM: To examine the usability and acceptability of these devices for gait training in subjects with spinal cord injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted until February 2017 in the databases: Medline (PubMed, EBSCO), PEDro, Scopus and Web of Science...
January 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317332/safety-and-efficacy-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-sglt2-inhibitors-in-type-1-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Dana El Masri, Samiran Ghosh, Linda A Jaber
AIMS: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are currently FDA approved for the management of type 2 diabetes. Our objective was to review the available evidence of the effects of SGLT2 inhibitors on HbA1c, body weight, and total daily insulin dose, as well as their safety profile in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified by conducting a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus and Cochrane library databases through August 2017...
January 6, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310928/sofosbuvir-and-velpatasvir-for-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-people-with-recent-injection-drug-use-simplify-an-open-label-single-arm-phase-4-multicentre-trial
#4
Jason Grebely, Olav Dalgard, Brian Conway, Evan B Cunningham, Philip Bruggmann, Behzad Hajarizadeh, Janaki Amin, Julie Bruneau, Margaret Hellard, Alain H Litwin, Philippa Marks, Sophie Quiene, Sharmila Siriragavan, Tanya L Applegate, Tracy Swan, Jude Byrne, Melanie Lacalamita, Adrian Dunlop, Gail V Matthews, Jeff Powis, David Shaw, Maria Christine Thurnheer, Martin Weltman, Ian Kronborg, Curtis Cooper, Jordan J Feld, Chris Fraser, John F Dillon, Phillip Read, Ed Gane, Gregory J Dore
BACKGROUND: Despite revised guidelines that no longer exclude people who inject drugs (PWID) from treatment for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, many clinicians are reluctant to treat recent PWID. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir therapy in people with chronic HCV infection and recent injection drug use. METHODS: In this open-label, single-arm phase 4 trial (SIMPLIFY), we recruited participants with recent injection drug use (past 6 months) and chronic HCV genotype 1-6 infection from seven countries (19 sites)...
January 5, 2018: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305829/meta-analysis-on-the-effect-of-aspirin-use-for-prevention-of-preeclampsia-on-placental-abruption-and-antepartum-hemorrhage
#5
REVIEW
Stephanie Roberge, Emmanuel Bujold, Kypros H Nicolaides
BACKGROUND: Impaired placentation in the first 16 weeks of pregnancy is associated with increased risk of subsequent development of preeclampsia, birth of small for gestational age neonates and placental abruption. Previous studies reported that prophylactic use of aspirin reduces the risk of preeclampsia and small for gestational age neonates with no significant effect on placental abruption. However, meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of aspirin in relation to gestational age at onset of therapy and dose of the drug reported that significant reduction in the risk of preeclampsia and small for gestational age neonates is achieved only if the onset of treatment is at ≤16 weeks of gestation and the daily dose of the drug is ≥100 mg...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304922/the-appropriate-use-of-opioids-in-the-treatment-of-refractory-restless-legs-syndrome
#6
Michael H Silber, Philip M Becker, Mark J Buchfuhrer, Christopher J Earley, William G Ondo, Arthur S Walters, John W Winkelman
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a distinct disorder, differing from chronic pain in many ways. Refractory RLS is characterized by unresponsiveness to dopamine agonists or alpha-2-delta ligands due to inadequate efficacy, augmentation, or adverse effects. This may result in severely impaired quality of life, profound insomnia, and suicidal depression. Opioid therapy is a mainstay in the management of these patients. This article summarizes the basic science and clinical evidence in support of their use, including the positive result of a large controlled multicenter study of 306 subjects, and outlines an approach to their use in clinical practice...
January 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299945/a-review-of-plan-library-approaches-in-adaptive-radiotherapy-of-bladder-cancer
#7
Shane D Collins, Michelle M Leech
BACKGROUND: Large variations in the shape and size of the bladder volume are commonly observed in bladder cancer radiotherapy (RT). The clinical target volume (CTV) is therefore frequently inadequately treated and large isotropic margins are inappropriate in terms of dose to organs at risk (OAR); thereby making adaptive radiotherapy (ART) attractive for this tumour site. There are various methods of ART delivery, however, for bladder cancer, plan libraries are frequently used. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A review of published studies on plan libraries for bladder cancer using four databases (Pubmed, Science Direct, Embase and Cochrane Library) was conducted...
January 4, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288249/vitamin-d-supplementation-for-the-prevention-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Zhifei Li, Xin Zhou, Wei Fu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of vitamin D supplementation on the prevention of postoperative vitamin D deficiency. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane library were searched. Prospective studies evaluating the effects of vitamin D supplementation in patients who had undergone bariatric surgery were included. Meta-regression was performed to explore heterogeneity, and assess the relationship between dosage of vitamin D supplementation, study design, and prevalence of vitamin D depletion...
December 29, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281683/patterns-of-objectively-assessed-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-are-nigerian-health-professional-students-complying-with-public-health-guidelines
#9
Adewale L Oyeyemi, Suleiman Muhammed, Adetoyeje Y Oyeyemi, Babatunde O A Adegoke
BACKGROUND: Understanding patterns of physical activity and sedentary time is important to effective population-wide primary prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. This study examined the patterns of objectively assessed physical activity and sedentary time, and the prevalence of compliance with physical activity guidelines according to different public health recommendations in a sub-population of health professional students in Nigeria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 102 health professional students (age = 19-34 years old, 43...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278737/network-science-in-clinical-trials-a-patient-centered-approach
#10
REVIEW
Venkata Manem, Roberto Salgado, Philippe Aftimos, Christos Sotiriou, Benjamin Haibe-Kains
There has been a paradigm shift in translational oncology with the advent of novel molecular diagnostic tools in the clinic. However, several challenges are associated with the integration of these sophisticated tools into clinical oncology and daily practice. High-throughput profiling at the DNA, RNA and protein levels (omics) generate a massive amount of data. The analysis and interpretation of these is non-trivial but will allow a more thorough understanding of cancer. Linear modelling of the data as it is often used today is likely to limit our understanding of cancer as a complex disease, and at times under-performs to capture a phenotype of interest...
December 23, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273824/accuracy-of-the-third-molar-maturity-index-in-assessing-the-legal-age-of-18%C3%A2-years-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Bianca Marques Santiago, Leopoldina Almeida, Yuri Wanderley Cavalcanti, Marcela Baraúna Magno, Lucianne Cople Maia
The age estimation is a complex procedure required in the daily practice of legal medicine. The maturity of third molars stands out by the age of 18 because these teeth are still in development. This systematic review aimed to assess the accuracy of the third molar maturity index (I 3M), proposed by Cameriere et al. (2008), in discriminating whether an individual is under or over 18 years. Seven electronic databases were screened: PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, LILACS, SIGLE, and CAPES...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273656/pathways-to-diagnosis-of-a-second-primary-cancer-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#12
Lovney Kanguru, Annemieke Bikker, Debbie Cavers, Karen Barnett, David H Brewster, David Weller, Christine Campbell
INTRODUCTION: As cancer survivors continue to live longer, the incidence of second primary cancers (SPCs) will also rise. Relatively little is understood about the diagnostic pathway for SPCs, how people appraise, interpret symptoms and seek help for a second different cancer and the experiences (including challenges) of healthcare providers relating to SPCs. This study aims to systematically appraise and synthesise the literature on the pathways to diagnosis of an SPC and the associated patient and healthcare provider experiences...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258499/sms-education-for-the-promotion-of-diabetes-self-management-in-low-middle-income-countries-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-in-egypt
#13
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: Due to the ubiquity of mobile phones in low and middle income countries, we aimed to examine the feasibility of SMS education among diabetic patients in Egypt, and assess the impact of educational text messages, compared to traditional paper-based methods, on glycemic control and self-management behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a 12-week randomized controlled trial at Misr University for Science & Technology hospital in Cairo-Egypt. Known as MUST diabetes awareness program, patients were included if they had diabetes, owned a mobile phone, and could read SMS messages or lived with someone that could read for them...
December 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249617/living-with-symptoms-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-black-adults-with-advanced-cancer-living-in-poverty
#14
Katherine A Yeager, Tammie E Quest, Catherine Vena, Claire E Sterk
Cancer is associated with disease-related and treatment-related symptoms. Little is known about the symptom experience of black individuals with advanced cancer especially those with limited financial resources. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the symptom experience of black adults with advanced cancer living in poverty. This qualitative descriptive study focused on the perspectives of the participants experiencing at least two symptoms related to cancer. A purposive sample of 27 individuals receiving care at a public hospital in a southeastern city participated in the study...
December 14, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247556/best-friend-or-spy-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis-on-the-impact-of-continuous-glucose-monitoring-on-life-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
L H Messer, R Johnson, K A Driscoll, J Jones
AIMS: This is a meta-synthesis of extant qualitative literature related to impact of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM). CGM has been available for a decade for the management of Type 1 diabetes and is the lynchpin of future artificial pancreas technologies. Clinical uptake of CGM is an important area of inquiry. The purpose of this meta-synthesis is to understand the impact of CGM on individuals with Type 1 diabetes and others (parents, significant others, providers) in order to design appropriate clinical interventions for adherence...
December 16, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242596/total-energy-expenditure-and-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-are-associated-with-reduced-odds-of-reclassification-among-men-on-active-surveillance
#16
David E Guy, Avi Vandersluis, Laurence H Klotz, Neil Fleshner, Alexander Kiss, Chris Parker, Vasundara Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: Research examining the association between physical activity (PA) and prostate cancer (PCa) has accumulated; however, few studies have examined this association in the context of active surveillance. The current study examines this among men initially diagnosed with favorable-risk PCa and managed by active surveillance at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Canada and the Royal Marsden Hospital in the United Kingdom. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire on daily participation in non-leisure, transport, and recreational PA...
December 14, 2017: Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241834/efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-and-transdermal-opioid-analgesics-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#17
REVIEW
Rodrigo Z Megale, Leticia A Deveza, Fiona M Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, Paulo H Ferreira, Andrew J McLachlan, Manuela L Ferreira
This systematic review with meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of using opioid analgesics in older adults with musculoskeletal pain. We searched Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, AMED, CINAHL and LILACS for randomized controlled trial with mean population age of 60 years or older, comparing the efficacy and safety of opioid analgesics with placebo for musculoskeletal pain conditions. Reviewers extracted data, assessed risk of bias and evaluated the quality of evidence using the GRADE approach...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241369/oxygen-saturation-measurements-in-telemonitoring-of-patients-with-copd-a-systematic-review
#18
Joren Buekers, Patrick De Boever, Anouk W Vaes, Jean-Marie Aerts, Emiel F M Wouters, Martijn A Spruit, Jan Theunis
Telemonitoring applications are expected to become a key component in future healthcare. Despite the frequent use of SpO2 measurements in telemonitoring of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), no profound overview is available about these measurements. Areas covered: A systematic search identified 71 articles that performed SpO2 measurements in COPD telemonitoring. The results indicate that long-term follow-up of COPD patients using daily SpO2 spot checks is practically feasible. Very few studies specified protocols for performing these measurements...
December 15, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238413/remineralization-strategies-in-oral-hygiene-a-position-paper-of-italian-society-of-oral-hygiene-sciences-s-i-s-i-o-working-group
#19
Consuelo Sanavia, Marco Tatullo, Jessica Bassignani, Silvia Cotellessa, Giulia Fantozzi, Giovanna Acito, Alessia Iommiello, Lorella Chiavistelli, Alessia Iommiello, Silvia Sabatini, Gianna Maria Nardi
Background/Objective: The clinical conditions that lead to an alteration of the enamel structure are numerous. The diet high in sugars and acidifying substances, psychological stress that triggers parafunctional behaviors, the reduced intake of fiber-rich foods or alkalizing substances, together with other factors, contribute to demineralization of the tooth enamel. Dental mineralizing products on the current market are distinguished according to the dosage form, the active ingredient, the release technology, clinical indications and patient choice...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232491/anhedonia-is-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-independently-of-depression-a-meta-analysis
#20
Déborah Ducasse, Gwenolé Loas, Déborah Dassa, Carla Gramaglia, Patrizia Zeppegno, Sébastien Guillaume, Emilie Olié, Philippe Courtet
BACKGROUND: Anhedonia is considered a suicide risk factor in patients with major affective disorders. Here, we wanted to quantify the association between anhedonia and current suicidal ideation according to the absence/presence of between-group differences for depressive scores and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of data on studies retrieved from Medline, Web of Science, and PsycINFO from 1965 to 2016 using, among others, the terms (suicid* or depression) and anhedonia...
December 12, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
keyword
keyword
65530
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"