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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732316/a-user-friendly-technical-set-up-for-infrared-photography-of-forensic-findings
#1
Thomas Rost, Nicole Kalberer, Eva Scheurer
Infrared photography is interesting for a use in forensic science and forensic medicine since it reveals findings that normally are almost invisible to the human eye. Originally, infrared photography has been made possible by the placement of an infrared light transmission filter screwed in front of the camera objective lens. However, this set-up is associated with many drawbacks such as the loss of the autofocus function, the need of an external infrared source, and long exposure times which make the use of a tripod necessary...
July 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723956/psychosis-risk-research-versus-daily-prognosis-uncertainties-a-qualitative-study-of-french-youth-psychiatrists-attitudes-toward-predictive-practices
#2
Laelia Benoit, Marie Rose Moro, Bruno Falissard, Nicolas Henckes
BACKGROUND: Over the last twenty years, predicting psychosis has become a priority of both research and policies. Those approaches include the use of the At Risk Mental State category (ARMS) and of standardized predictive tools. In comparison to most developed countries, early interventions programs are only little developed in France. However, cases of young patients presenting unclear symptoms that might be a beginning psychosis or might as well reflect some adolescent unease are commonplace in psychiatry...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721691/occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-problems-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke
#3
REVIEW
Lynn A Legg, Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Avril Drummond, Peter Langhorne
BACKGROUND: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718015/capable-and-credible-challenging-nutrition-science
#4
EDITORIAL
Bart Penders, Anna Wolters, Edith F Feskens, Fred Brouns, Machteld Huber, Els L M Maeckelberghe, Gerjan Navis, Theo Ockhuizen, Jogchum Plat, Jan Sikkema, Marianne Stasse-Wolthuis, Pieter van 't Veer, Marcel Verweij, Jan de Vries
Nutrition science has enriched our understanding of how to stay healthy by producing valuable knowledge about the interaction of nutrients, food, and the human body. Nutrition science also has raised societal awareness about the links between food consumption and well-being, and provided the basis for food regulations and dietary guidelines. Its collaborative and interdisciplinary research has accomplished much, scientifically and socially. Despite this, nutrition science appears to be in crisis and is currently confronted with a public reluctance to trust nutritional insights...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706104/use-of-a-mobile-social-networking-intervention-for-weight-management-a-mixed-methods-study-protocol
#5
Liliana Laranjo, Annie Y S Lau, Paige Martin, Huong Ly Tong, Enrico Coiera
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and physical inactivity are major societal challenges and significant contributors to the global burden of disease and healthcare costs. Information and communication technologies are increasingly being used in interventions to promote behaviour change in diet and physical activity. In particular, social networking platforms seem promising for the delivery of weight control interventions.We intend to pilot test an intervention involving the use of a social networking mobile application and tracking devices (Fitbit Flex 2 and Fitbit Aria scale) to promote the social comparison of weight and physical activity, in order to evaluate whether mechanisms of social influence lead to changes in those outcomes over the course of the study...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703869/early-supported-discharge-services-for-people-with-acute-stroke
#6
REVIEW
Peter Langhorne, Satu Baylan
BACKGROUND: People with stroke conventionally receive a substantial part of their rehabilitation in hospital. Services have now been developed that offer people in hospital an early discharge with rehabilitation at home (early supported discharge: ESD). OBJECTIVES: To establish if, in comparison with conventional care, services that offer people in hospital with stroke a policy of early discharge with rehabilitation provided in the community (ESD) can: 1) accelerate return home, 2) provide equivalent or better patient and carer outcomes, 3) be acceptable satisfactory to patients and carers, and 4) have justifiable resource implications use...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699595/effectiveness-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-the-treatment-of-pain-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-network-meta-analysis
#7
Bruno R da Costa, Stephan Reichenbach, Noah Keller, Linda Nartey, Simon Wandel, Peter Jüni, Sven Trelle
BACKGROUND: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the backbone of osteoarthritis pain management. We aimed to assess the effectiveness of different preparations and doses of NSAIDs on osteoarthritis pain in a network meta-analysis. METHODS: For this network meta-analysis, we considered randomised trials comparing any of the following interventions: NSAIDs, paracetamol, or placebo, for the treatment of osteoarthritis pain. We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and the reference lists of relevant articles for trials published between Jan 1, 1980, and Feb 24, 2015, with at least 100 patients per group...
July 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699364/assistive-technologies-to-address-capabilities-of-people-with-dementia-from-research-to-practice
#8
Paul-Ariel Kenigsberg, Jean-Pierre Aquino, Alain Bérard, François Brémond, Kevin Charras, Tom Dening, Rose-Marie Droës, Fabrice Gzil, Ben Hicks, Anthea Innes, Mai Nguyen, Louise Nygård, Maribel Pino, Guillaume Sacco, Eric Salmon, Henriëtte van der Roest, Hervé Villet, Marion Villez, Philippe Robert, Valeria Manera
Assistive technologies became pervasive and virtually present in all our life domains. They can be either an enabler or an obstacle leading to social exclusion. The Fondation Médéric Alzheimer gathered international experts of dementia care, with backgrounds in biomedical, human and social sciences, to analyze how assistive technologies can address the capabilities of people with dementia, on the basis of their needs. Discussion covered the unmet needs of people with dementia, the domains of daily life activities where assistive technologies can provide help to people with dementia, the enabling and empowering impact of technology to improve their safety and wellbeing, barriers and limits of use, technology assessment, ethical and legal issues...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697575/bimanual-coordination-a-missing-piece-of%C3%A2-arm-rehabilitation-after-stroke
#9
Shailesh Kantak, Steve Jax, George Wittenberg
Inability to use the arm in daily actions significantly lowers quality of life after stroke. Most contemporary post-stroke arm rehabilitation strategies that aspire to re-engage the weaker arm in functional activities have been greatly limited in their effectiveness. Most actions of daily life engage the two arms in a highly coordinated manner. In contrast, most rehabilitation approaches predominantly focus on restitution of the impairments and unilateral practice of the weaker hand alone. We present a perspective that this misalignment between real world requirements and intervention strategies may limit the transfer of unimanual capability to spontaneous arm use and functional recovery...
July 6, 2017: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697524/-health-science-research-with-primary-care-routine-data-from-electronic-patient-records-the-beonet-registry
#10
Heidrun Lingner, Ines Aumann, Margarethe Wacker, Michael Kreuter, Reiner Leidl, J-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg, Tobias Welte
Reliable current information is needed for daily patient care and the health system, but comprehensive data, especially from primary care, are scarce and/or hard to access. The BeoNet Register-Database (BNR) aims to depict quality of medical care in Germany using routine data and with no additional documentation or costs for GPs. Registry design, data structure and database use will be demonstrated using chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) as an example. The BNR is moving through pilot- and roll-out phases...
July 11, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695240/-vocational-policy-bridge-between-science-and-daily-medical-practice
#11
EDITORIAL
Axel Schroeder, Tilman Kälble, Wolfgang Bühmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693398/use-of-evidence-based-management-in-healthcare-administration-decision-making
#12
Ruiling Guo, Steven D Berkshire, Lawrence V Fulton, Patrick M Hermanson
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine whether healthcare leaders use evidence-based management (EBMgt) when facing major decisions and what types of evidence healthcare administrators consult during their decision-making. This study also intends to identify any relationship that might exist among adoption of EBMgt in healthcare management, attitudes towards EBMgt, demographic characteristics and organizational characteristics. Design/methodology/approach A cross-sectional study was conducted among US healthcare leaders...
July 3, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682101/premenstrual-symptoms-and-factors-implicated-in-smoking-cessation-among-woman-smokers
#13
Raina D Pang, Nafeesa Andrabi, Adam M Leventhal
Premenstrual symptoms (PMS) may reduce smoking cessation success. Yet, little is known about the factors that may impact smoking cessation among women with elevated PMS, leaving little data to guide smoking cessation science and practice for this population. This cross-sectional study is a secondary analysis of data from laboratory studies focused on menstrual cycle effects and smoking. Premenopausal woman daily smokers (n = 157) completed self-report measures of tobacco dependence and other cessation-relevant factors (i...
July 6, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682093/national-institutes-of-health-research-plan-on-rehabilitation
#14
(no author information available yet)
One in 5 Americans experiences disability that affects daily function because of impairments in mobility, impairments in cognitive function, sensory impairment, or communication impairment. The need for rehabilitation strategies to optimize function and reduce disability is a clear priority for research to address this public health challenge. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) recently published a Research Plan on Rehabilitation that provides a set of priorities to guide the field over the next 5 years (Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development [NICHD] & NIH Medical Rehabilitation Coordinating Committee [MRCC], 2016)...
July 6, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681740/cognition-in-advanced-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-a-pilot-study-from-south-india
#15
Robert Mathew, Sauda Pavithran
BACKGROUND: Literature on cognition in normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is sparse and more so on cognition in advanced NPH. OBJECTIVE: To study the cognitive profile in a hospital-based cohort of cognitively-advanced NPH. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. The patients included those availing dementia care service from three different tertiary care centres during a period of 5 years from 2010 to 2014. Patients were considered to have cognitively-advanced NPH if the Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination(ACE) score was 50 or less...
July 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680576/recommendations-for-the-use-of-oral-treprostinil-in-clinical-practice-a-delphi-consensus-project-pulmonary-circulation
#16
Franck F Rahaghi, Jeremy P Feldman, Roblee P Allen, Victor Tapson, Zeenat Safdar, Vijay P Balasubramanian, Shelley Shapiro, Michael A Mathier, Jean M Elwing, Murali M Chakinala, R James White
Oral treprostinil was recently labeled for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Similar to the period immediately after parenteral treprostinil was approved, there is a significant knowledge gap for practicing physicians who might prescribe oral treprostinil. Despite its oral route of delivery, use of the drug is challenging because of the requirement for careful titration and management of drug-related adverse effects. We aimed to create a consensus document combining available evidence with expert opinion to provide guidance for use of oral treprostinil...
March 2017: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677675/probabilistic-dietary-risk-assessment-of-pesticide-residues-in-foods-for-the-german-population-based-on-food-monitoring-data-from-2009-to-2014
#17
Christian Sieke, Britta Michalski, Thomas Kuhl
Dietary risks for the German population owing to pesticide residues in foods were assessed based on food monitoring data, consumption surveys for children and adults and compound specific toxicological reference values or general thresholds of toxicological concern. A tiered probabilistic modelling was conducted to screen 700 pesticides for significant long- and short-term dietary exposures. Especially for the short-term dietary exposure, the probabilistic methodology used allows simultaneous consideration of the complete daily consumption, whereas most regulatory bodies still rely on single commodity approaches...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675077/effective-recruitment-of-schools-for-randomized-clinical-trials-role-of-school-nurses
#18
R L Petosa, L Smith
In school settings, nurses lead efforts to improve the student health and well-being to support academic success. Nurses are guided by evidenced-based practice and data to inform care decisions. The randomized controlled trial (RCT) is considered the gold standard of scientific rigor for clinical trials. RCTs are critical to the development of evidence-based health promotion programs in schools. The purpose of this article is to present practical solutions to implementing principles of randomization to RCT trials conducted in school settings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670583/quality-of-life-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-on-hemodialysis-and-its-relevant-factors-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Seyedeh Azam Sajadi, Abbas Ebadi, Seyed Tayeb Moradian
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are considered as hidden patients experiencing physical and mental disorders. This affects the quality of not only their lives but also the health care provided to patients.This study aimed to investigate the quality of life (QOL) and its related factors among the caregivers of patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: This systematic review was conducted based on the eight-step guidelines presented by the York University. The databases relevant to the medical field including Nursing and Allied Health, Web of Science, Scopus, Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO and Psychology Library were used...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665252/deep-brain-stimulation-for-parkinson-s-disease-meta-analysis-of-results-of-randomized-trials-at-varying-lengths-of-follow-up
#20
Alireza Mansouri, Shervin Taslimi, Jetan H Badhiwala, Christopher D Witiw, Farshad Nassiri, Vincent J J Odekerken, Rob M A De Bie, Suneil K Kalia, Mojgan Hodaie, Renato P Munhoz, Alfonso Fasano, Andres M Lozano
OBJECTIVE Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is effective in the management of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). While both the globus pallidus pars interna (GPi) and the subthalamic nucleus (STN) are accepted targets, their relative efficacy in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) has not been established beyond 12 months. The objective of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of RCTs to compare outcomes among adults with PD undergoing DBS of GPi or STN at various time points, including 36 months of follow-up...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
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