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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077910/the-first-mediterranean-seminar-on-science-writing-editing-and-publishing-sarajevo-december-2-3-2016
#1
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanovic, Miro Jakovljevic, Enver Zerem, Dejan B Milosevic, Srecko Gajovic, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Sekib Sokolovic, Nermin Salkic, Selma Uzunovic, Silva Dobric, Floreta Kurti, Edin Begic, Admir Kurtcehajic
The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti)...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068454/non-surgical-interventions-for-acute-internal-hordeolum
#2
REVIEW
Kristina Lindsley, Jason J Nichols, Kay Dickersin
BACKGROUND: A hordeolum is a common, painful inflammation of the eyelid margin that is usually caused by a bacterial infection. The infection affects oil glands of the eyelid and can be either internal or external. In many cases, the lesion drains spontaneously and resolves without treatment; however, the inflammation can spread to other ocular glands or tissues, and recurrences are common. If unresolved, an acute internal hordeolum can become chronic, or can develop into a chalazion...
January 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065956/lead-induced-morphometric-changes-in-the-kidneys-of-albino-rats-ameliorated-by-ginkgo-biloba-extract-egb-761
#3
Zaheer Amjad, Talat Yasmin, Irfan Ashraf, Khalida Perveen, Talat Mirza, Amir Ali Shoro
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of ginkgo biloba extract on lead-induced morphometric changes in the kidneys of albino rats. METHODS: This randomised controlled study was conducted at the Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, from April 2009 to March 2010, and comprised male Wistar albino rats weighing between 150-180 gm who were randomly divided into three equal groups, A, B and C. These were further split into subgroups 1, 2, 3 and 4 according to the duration of the experiment (one, two, four and six weeks)...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065453/protective-effects-of-l-carnitine-against-delayed-graft-function-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-a-pilot-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#4
Atefeh Jafari, Mohammad-Reza Khatami, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki, Mahboob Lessan-Pezeshki, Alireza Abdollahi, Azadeh Moghaddas
OBJECTIVE: Delayed graft function (DGF) is an early complication after deceased donor kidney transplantation with significant adverse effects on graft outcomes. Ischemia-reperfusion injury during transplantation is a major cause of DGF. Tissue concentrations of carnitine, an antioxidant and regulator of cellular energy supply, decrease in the kidney following ischemia-reperfusion insult. Based on promising animal data, this study evaluated the possible protective effect of L-carnitine against DGF...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064330/blockade-of-fast-a-type-and-tea-sensitive-potassium-channels-provide-an-antiparkinsonian-effect-in-a-6-ohda-animal-model
#5
Hashem Haghdoost-Yazdi, Hossein Piri, Reza Najafipour, Ayda Faraji, Negin Fraidouni, Tahereh Dargahi, Mahmud Alipour Heidari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of K+ channels inhibitors in treatment of parkinson`s disease (PD). METHODS: This prospective comparative study was conducted in the Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Iran, from April 2015 to January 2016. Male rats (n=37) received intraperitoneal doses of TEA (2 and 5 mg/kg) or 4-AP (0.5 and 1 mg/kg) twice-daily, before a stereotactic injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) for the following 7 days. The 6-OHDA was injected into right medial forebrain bundle (MFB) of the rat brains...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052398/multi-state-multi-stage-modeling-of-nest-success-suggests-interaction-between-weather-and-land-use
#6
Mark W Miller, David I Leech, James W Pearce-Higgins, Robert A Robinson
Many factors may affect daily nest survival. We present a novel multi-state, multi-stage model to estimate daily survival for each nest stage, daily hatching probability and probability that a failed nest died during a specific stage when stage of failure is unknown. The model does not require that hatching date be known. We used data from a large citizen science dataset to demonstrate the application of this approach, exploring the impact of laying dates, weather conditions, conserved soil moisture, soil carbon, habitat type and urbanization on failure rates of common blackbird (Turdus merula) nests...
January 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050584/dataset-for-petroleum-based-stock-markets-and-gauss-codes-for-samem
#7
Ahmed A A Khalifa, Pietro Bertuccelli, Edoardo Otranto
This article includes a unique data set of a balanced daily (Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday) for oil and natural gas volatility and the oil rich economies' stock markets for Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Bahrain and Oman, using daily data over the period spanning Oct. 18, 2006-July 30, 2015. Additionally, we have included unique GAUSS codes for estimating the spillover asymmetric multiplicative error model (SAMEM) with application to Petroleum-Based Stock Market. The data, the model and the codes have many applications in business and social science...
February 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047798/we-ab-bra-03-non-invasive-controlled-release-from-implantable-hydrogel-scaffolds-using-ultrasound
#8
A Moncion, O D Kripfgans, A J Putnam, R T Frances Chi, M L Fabiilli
PURPOSE: To control release of a model payload in acoustically responsive scaffolds (ARSs) using focused ultrasound (FUS). METHODS: Fluorescently-labeled dextran (10 kDa) was encapsulated in sonosensitive perfluorocarbon (C6 F14 or C5 F12 ) double emulsions (mean diameter: 2.9±0.1 µm). For in vitro release studies, 0.5 mL ARSs (10 mg/mL fibrin, 1% (v/v) emulsion) were polymerized in 24 well plates and covered with 0.5 mL medium. Starting one day after polymerization, ARSs were exposed to FUS (2...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047670/su-f-p-20-predicting-waiting-times-in-radiation-oncology-using-machine-learning
#9
A Joseph, D Herrera, T Hijal, L Hendren, A Leung, J Wainberg, M Sawaf, M Gorshkov, R Maglieri, M Keshavarz, J Kildea
PURPOSE: Waiting times remain one of the most vexing patient satisfaction challenges facing healthcare. Waiting time uncertainty can cause patients, who are already sick or in pain, to worry about when they will receive the care they need. These waiting periods are often difficult for staff to predict and only rough estimates are typically provided based on personal experience. This level of uncertainty leaves most patients unable to plan their calendar, making the waiting experience uncomfortable, even painful...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047564/su-f-j-221-adjusted-dose-and-its-relation-to-radiation-induced-liver-disease-during-hepatocellular-carcinoma-radiotherapy
#10
P Huang, H Li, J Chen, C Ma, Y Gang, S Qin, Y Yin, D Li
PURPOSE: Many patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) had hepatic anatomy variations as a result of inter-fraction deformation during fractionated radiotherapy, which may result in difference from the planned dose. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between adjusted dose and radiation induced liver disease (RILD) in HCC patients receiving three dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT). METHODS: Twenty-three HCC patients received conventional fractionated 3DCRT were enrolled in this retrospective investigation...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046220/su-f-j-98-improvement-and-evaluation-of-deformation-image-registration-on-parotid-glands-during-radiation-therapy-for-nasopharyngeal-cancer
#11
S Xu, Z Wu, B Liu, Y Li, H Gong, F Zhou, B Qu, Y Liu
PURPOSE: To quantitatively evaluate the strategic innovation and accuracy variation of deformation registration algorithm for parotid glands using the similarity Dice coefficient during the course of radiation therapy (RT) for nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC). METHODS: Daily MVCT data for 10 patients with pathologically proven nasopharyngeal cancers were analyzed. The data were acquired using tomotherapy (TomoTherapy, Accuray) at the PLA General Hospital. The prescription dose to the primary target was 70Gy in 33 fractions...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035300/review-of-common-conditions-associated-with-periodontal-ligament-widening
#12
REVIEW
Hamed Mortazavi, Maryam Baharvand
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to review a group of lesions associated with periodontal ligament (PDL) widening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed using specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, Science Direct, and Scopus to find relevant studies by using keywords such as "periodontium", "periodontal ligament", "periodontal ligament space", "widened periodontal ligament", and "periodontal ligament widening"...
December 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032849/reflections-on-a-decade-of-face-transplantation
#13
Giorgio Giatsidis, Indranil Sinha, Bohdan Pomahac
On November 27, 2005, Isabelle Dinoire underwent the world's first partial face transplant in Amiens (France) after a dog attack had left her face severely disfigured. The abrupt surgical leap found the medical community and society unprepared to deal with the scientific, ethical, and societal implications of a surgical procedure that was striving to transition from sci-fi novels to science. Today, 10 years and over 35 transplants later, public opinion has become accustomed to the concept of "face restoration" through transplantation...
April 26, 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029529/ledipasvir-plus-sofosbuvir-fixed-dose-combination-for-6-weeks-in-patients-with-acute-hepatitis-c-virus-genotype-1-monoinfection-hepnet-acute-hcv-iv-an-open-label-single-arm-phase-2-study
#14
Katja Deterding, Christoph D Spinner, Eckart Schott, Tania M Welzel, Guido Gerken, Hartwig Klinker, Ulrich Spengler, Johannes Wiegand, Julian Schulze Zur Wiesch, Anita Pathil, Markus Cornberg, Andreas Umgelter, Caroline Zöllner, Stefan Zeuzem, Armin Papkalla, Kristina Weber, Svenja Hardtke, Heiko von der Leyen, Armin Koch, Dorothee von Witzendorff, Michael P Manns, Heiner Wedemeyer
BACKGROUND: Early treatment of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with interferon alfa is highly effective, but can be associated with frequent side-effects. We investigated the safety and efficacy of an interferon-free regimen for treatment of acute HCV infection. METHODS: In this prospective, open-label, multicentre, single-arm pilot study, we enrolled adults (≥18 years) with acute HCV genotype 1 monoinfection from ten centres in Germany. Patients were given ledipasvir (90 mg) plus sofosbuvir (400 mg) as a fixed-dose combination tablet once daily for 6 weeks...
October 28, 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026877/school-based-education-programmes-for-the-prevention-of-unintentional-injuries-in-children-and-young-people
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth Orton, Jessica Whitehead, Jacqueline Mhizha-Murira, Mandy Clarkson, Michael C Watson, Caroline A Mulvaney, Joy Ul Staniforth, Munish Bhuchar, Denise Kendrick
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in children aged four to 18 years and are a major cause of ill health. The school setting offers the opportunity to deliver preventive interventions to a large number of children and has been used to address a range of public health problems. However, the effectiveness of the school setting for the prevention of different injury mechanisms in school-aged children is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of school-based educational programmes for the prevention of injuries in children and evaluate their impact on improving children's safety skills, behaviour and practices, and knowledge, and assess their cost-effectiveness...
December 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025970/impact-of-vkorc1-gene-polymorphisms-on-warfarin-maintenance-dosage-a-novel-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-53-studies%C3%A2
#16
Qing-Ping Wei Tang, Feng Shi, Mei-Ling Ding, Jian Yu, Yong-Xin Hua, Yong-xin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation between VKORC1 gene polymorphisms and warfarin maintenance dosage, as well as the correlation of dosage of warfarin with age and ethnicity. METHODS: We retrieved related studies published between January 2000 and March 2016 from PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, VIP, CNKI, and Wan Fang data. Two reviewers independently screened literature according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data and crosscheck data...
27, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018984/application-of-the-weps-and-sweep-models-to-non-agricultural-disturbed-lands
#17
J Tatarko, S J van Donk, J C Ascough, D G Walker
Wind erosion not only affects agricultural productivity but also soil, air, and water quality. Dust and specifically particulate matter ≤10 μm (PM-10) has adverse effects on respiratory health and also reduces visibility along roadways, resulting in auto accidents. The Wind Erosion Prediction System (WEPS) was developed by the USDA-Agricultural Research Service to simulate wind erosion and provide for conservation planning on cultivated agricultural lands. A companion product, known as the Single-Event Wind Erosion Evaluation Program (SWEEP), has also been developed which consists of the stand-alone WEPS erosion submodel combined with a graphical interface to simulate soil loss from single (i...
December 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011809/safety-and-efficacy-of-tocotrienol-supplementation-for-bone-health-in-postmenopausal-women-protocol-for-a-dose-response-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-randomised-trial
#18
Chwan-Li Shen, Huanbiao Mo, Shengping Yang, Shu Wang, Carol K Felton, Michael D Tomison, Ima Nirwana Soelaiman
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a major health concern in postmenopausal women, and oxidative stress contributes to the development of bone loss. Cellular studies and ovariectomised rat model mimicking bone loss in postmenopausal women show the bone-protective effect of tocotrienols (TTs) with antioxidant capability. We aim to access the safety and efficacy of TT consumption for bone health in postmenopausal women. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In this 12-week randomised double-blinded placebo-controlled trial for the effects of dietary TT supplementation in postmenopausal women, postmenopausal women aged 45 years and older with at least 1 year after menopause and bone mineral density T-score at the spine and/or hip 2...
December 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011023/perception-culture-and-science-a-framework-to-identify-in-home-heating-options-to-improve-indoor-air-quality-in-the-navajo-nation
#19
W M Champion, P H Charley, B Klein, K Stewart, P A Solomon, L D Montoya
A 2010 study identified higher than average incidence of respiratory disease in Shiprock, NM, the largest city in the Navajo Nation. That study suggested that the potential cause was the combustion of solid fuels in in-home heating stoves and that respiratory disease could be greatly reduced by changing indoor heating behaviors and improving heating stove quality. Since the Navajo people are deeply embedded in culture and traditions that strongly influence their daily lives, a new framework was needed to identify feasible heating alternatives that could reduce the negative environmental and health impacts related to solid fuel use while respecting the culture of the Navajo people...
December 20, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007790/the-effect-of-expressive-writing-intervention-for-infertile-couples-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Yoon Frederiksen, Mia Skytte O'Toole, Mimi Y Mehlsen, Benedicte Hauge, Helle Olesen Elbaek, Robert Zachariae, Hans Jakob Ingerslev
STUDY QUESTION: Is expressive writing intervention (EWI) efficacious in reducing distress and improving pregnancy rates for couples going through ART treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: Compared to controls, EWI statistically significantly reduced depressive symptoms but not anxiety and infertility-related distress. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: ART treatment is considered stressful. So far, various psychological interventions have been tested for their potential in reducing infertility-related distress and the results are generally positive...
December 21, 2016: Human Reproduction
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