keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acute bronchiolitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647745/early-halt-of-a-randomized-controlled-study-with-3-hypertonic-saline-in-acute-bronchiolitis
#1
Ania Carsin, Emilie Sauvaget, Violaine Bresson, Karine Retornaz, Maria Cabrera, Elisabeth Jouve, Romain Truillet, Emmanuelle Bosdure, Jean-Christophe Dubus
BACKGROUND: Albeit not recommended because of contradictory results, nebulized 3% hypertonic saline is widely used for treating acute viral bronchiolitis. Whether clinical differences may be attributed to the type of nebulizer used has never been studied. OBJECTIVES: By modifying the amount of salt deposited into the airways, the nebulizer characteristics might influence clinical response. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial included infants hospitalized in a French university hospital for a first episode of bronchiolitis...
June 24, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647513/respiratory-syncytial-virus-bronchiolitis-weather-conditions-and-air-pollution-in-an-italian-urban-area-an-observational-study
#2
Raffaella Nenna, Melania Evangelisti, Antonella Frassanito, Carolina Scagnolari, Alessandra Pierangeli, Guido Antonelli, Ambra Nicolai, Serena Arima, Corrado Moretti, Paola Papoff, Maria Pia Villa, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: In this study we sought to evaluate the association between viral bronchiolitis, weather conditions, and air pollution in an urban area in Italy. METHODS: We included infants hospitalized for acute bronchiolitis from 2004 to 2014. All infants underwent a nasal washing for virus detection. A regional agency network collected meteorological data (mean temperature, relative humidity and wind velocity) and the following air pollutants: sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, benzene and suspended particulate matter measuring less than 10µm (PM10) and less than 2...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644757/relationships-between-adipokine-profiles-physique-index-and-severity-of-bronchiolitis-in-infancy
#3
Ryou Kawamata, Yuji Gunji, Ayafumi Ozaki, Kei Wakabayashi, Yuka Miyajimaa, Yukifumi Monden, Kei Numazaki, Kazuo Takahashi
INTRODUCTION: Relationships between adipokines, adiposity and severity of acute viral bronchiolitis in infancy have not been elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the relationships between three serum adipokines (leptin, adiponectin and TNF-α), physique index (Kaup index) and clinical severity in 13 bronchiolitis infants. Seven healthy infants were enrolled as the control group. We used Modified Pulmonary Index Score (MPIS) to evaluate bronchiolitis severity...
June 23, 2017: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639594/viral-aetiology-of-wheezing-in-children-under-five
#4
Prithi Sureka Mummidi, Radha Tripathy, Bhagirathi Dwibedi, Amarendra Mahapatra, Suryakanta Baraha
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Wheezing is a common problem in children under five with acute respiratory infections (ARIs). Viruses are known to be responsible for a considerable proportion of ARIs in children. This study was undertaken to know the viral aetiology of wheezing among the children less than five years of age, admitted to a tertiary care hospital in eastern India. METHODS: Seventy five children, under the age of five years admitted with wheezing, were included in the study...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638618/swyer-james-macleod-syndrome-a-rare-diagnosis-presented-through-two-adult-patients
#5
Sumit Mehra, Thilini Basnayake, Henrik Falhammar, Subash Heraganahally, Suryakant Tripathi
Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome (SJMS) is a rare syndrome of acute obliterative bronchiolitis following an early childhood infective insult to the lungs. This causes arrest of alveolarization, affecting lung development with hypoplasia of the ipsilateral pulmonary artery and results in a characteristic radiological pattern, such as a unilateral hyperlucent lung with expiratory air-trapping and pruned-tree appearance on pulmonary angiogram. The clinical presentation is either recurrent chest infections, exertional dyspnoea or it may be an incidental finding...
September 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629673/a-comparison-of-two-clinical-scores-for-bronchiolitis-a-multicentre-and-prospective-study-conducted-in-hospitalised-infants
#6
C Rivas-Juesas, J M Rius Peris, A L García, A A Madramany, M G Peris, L V Álvarez, J Primo
BACKGROUND: There are a number of clinical scores for bronchiolitis but none of them are firmly recommended in the guidelines. METHOD: We designed a study to compare two scales of bronchiolitis (ESBA and Wood Downes Ferres) and determine which of them better predicts the severity. A multicentre prospective study with patients <12 months with acute bronchiolitis was conducted. Each patient was assessed with the two scales when admission was decided. We created a new variable "severe condition" to determine whether one scale afforded better discrimination of severity...
June 16, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619722/corticosteroid-therapy-during-acute-bronchiolitis-in-patients-who-later-develop-asthma
#7
Steven L Shein, Alexandre T Rotta, Richard Speicher, Katherine N Slain, Benjamin Gaston
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Meta-analyses show that corticosteroids are not effective in patients with bronchiolitis. However, risk factors for asthma such as eczema or familial atopy prompt some practitioners to prescribe corticosteroids for bronchiolitis. We assessed if corticosteroid prescription is associated with shorter hospitalization for bronchiolitis among patients who later develop asthma. METHODS: The Pediatric Health Information System database was interrogated for patients with bronchiolitis aged <2 years hospitalized between 2006 and 2015...
June 15, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616378/primary-ciliary-dyskinesia-presenting-with-spontaneous-pneumothorax-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Jia Hou, Yanan Zhang, Ri Gong, Xiwei Zheng, Xia Yang
BACKGROUND: Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is an autosomal recessive heterogeneous group of conditions with variable clinical findings. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year-old nonsmoking Chinese man present to the emergency department of our hospital with acute-onset breathlessness and sudden-onset left-sided chest pain. The patient had 6 years primary infertility and suffered from recurrent episodes of respiratory tract infections since childhood. Chest X-ray was performed, which showed a left-sided pneumothorax with lung collapse...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605249/product-review-on-the-monoclonal-antibody-palivizumab-for-prevention-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection
#9
Bernhard Resch
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) accounts for about 20% of all respiratory infections in children below the age of 5 years. It is associated with up to 63% of all acute respiratory infections and up to 81% of all viral lower respiratory tract infections causing hospitalization in infants and young children. RSV leads to seasonal epidemics between November and April in the northern hemisphere. Most severe infections (RSV accounts for 50 to 80% of all cause bronchiolitis) affect infants younger than 6 months of age and high-risk infants including those born preterm with or without bronchopulmonary dysplasia and those with hemodynamically significant congenital heart disease up to an age of 24 months...
June 12, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598946/dexmedetomidine-for-sedation-during-noninvasive-ventilation-in-pediatric-patients
#10
Rasika Venkatraman, James L Hungerford, Mark W Hall, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Joseph D Tobias
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of dexmedetomidine for sedation in a large cohort of nonintubated children with acute respiratory insufficiency receiving noninvasive ventilatory support. DESIGN: Single-center, retrospective, observational cohort study. SETTING: A large quaternary-care PICU. PATIENTS: The study cohort included 202 children receiving noninvasive ventilatory and a dexmedetomidine infusion within 48 hours of PICU admission over a 6-month period...
June 8, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596060/-medical-prevention-and-treatment-of-radiation-induced-pulmonary-complications
#11
A Vallard, C Rancoule, H Le Floch, J-B Guy, S Espenel, C Le Péchoux, É Deutsch, N Magné, C Chargari
Radiation-induced lung injuries mainly include the (acute or sub-acute) radiation pneumonitis, the lung fibrosis and the bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP). The present review aims at describing the diagnostic process, the current physiopathological knowledge, and the available (non dosimetric) preventive and curative treatments. Radiation-induced lung injury is a diagnosis of exclusion, since clinical, radiological, or biological pathognomonic evidences do not exist. Investigations should necessarily include a thoracic high resolution CT-scan and lung function tests with a diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide...
June 5, 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594619/managing-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-in-children
#12
Bruce C Schuster, Clare Hoare, Atanu Mukherjee, Siba Prosad Paul
Respiratory tract infections (RTIs), including community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), bronchiolitis, viral-induced wheeze and croup, account for more primary care consultations than any other illness group and are the most likely reason for a parent or carer to contact a health professional. The majority of RTIs in fully immunised children are usually self-limiting. However, in a small percentage of children RTIs may become life threatening and it is crucial that all front-line health professionals are able to recognise and identify these children who are at risk of deterioration...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592289/weight-for-length-early-weight-gain-velocity-and-atopic-dermatitis-in-infancy-and-at-two-years-of-age-a-cohort-study
#13
Teresa Løvold Berents, Karin Cecilie Lødrup Carlsen, Petter Mowinckel, Håvard Ove Skjerven, Leif Bjarte Rolfsjord, Live Solveig Nordhagen, Bente Kvenshagen, Jon Olav Gjengstø Hunderi, Maria Bradley, Per Medbøe Thorsby, Kai-Håkon Carlsen, Petter Gjersvik
BACKGROUND: Overweight and atopic dermatitis (AD) are major health problems in most industrialised countries, but the relationship between overweight and AD in infants and young children is unclear. We investigated if weight-for-length at birth, in infancy and at two years, as well as early weight-gain velocity, are associated with the development of AD in early life. METHODS: Cohort study of infants (n = 642), all living in south-east Norway, hospitalized with acute bronchiolitis (n = 404) or recruited from the general population (n = 238), examined at mean age 5...
June 7, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586918/effect-of-nebulized-hypertonic-saline-treatment-in-emergency-departments-on-the-hospitalization-rate-for-acute-bronchiolitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
François Angoulvant, Xavier Bellêttre, Karen Milcent, Jean-Paul Teglas, Isabelle Claudet, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Loïc de Pontual, Philippe Minodier, François Dubos, Jacques Brouard, Valérie Soussan-Banini, Vanessa Degas-Bussiere, Amélie Gatin, Cyril Schweitzer, Ralph Epaud, Amélie Ryckewaert, Pierrick Cros, Yves Marot, Philippe Flahaut, Pascal Saunier, Philippe Babe, Géraldine Patteau, Mathilde Delebarre, Luigi Titomanlio, Bénédicte Vrignaud, Thanh-Van Trieu, Abdelilah Tahir, Delphine Regnard, Pascale Micheau, Oussama Charara, Simon Henry, Dominique Ploin, Henri Panjo, Astrid Vabret, Jean Bouyer, Vincent Gajdos
Importance: Acute bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization among infants. Previous studies, underpowered to examine hospital admission, have found a limited benefit of nebulized hypertonic saline (HS) treatment in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Objective: To examine whether HS nebulization treatment would decrease the hospital admission rate among infants with a first episode of acute bronchiolitis. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Efficacy of 3% Hypertonic Saline in Acute Viral Bronchiolitis (GUERANDE) study was a multicenter, double-blind randomized clinical trial on 2 parallel groups conducted during 2 bronchiolitis seasons (October through March) from October 15, 2012, through April 15, 2014, at 24 French pediatric EDs...
June 5, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574386/-immune-response-in-chronic-bronchiolitis-obliterans-in-children
#15
I Mustafayev, L Allahverdyeva, A Bogdanova
The qaim of the research was to evaluate a condition of cellular and humoral immunity in 139 children with bronchiolitis obliterans in age from 2 years to 14 years of life. There was a minor immunosuppression during exacerbation followed by normalization in remission. There was a slight decrease in the level of IgA, an increased concentration of İgM and high value of the circulating immune complexes during the exacerbation with normalization as acute inflammation subsided. An analysis of interleukin dynamics revealed a significant increase in the concentration of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the acute stage of the disease with a tendency to normalization in remission...
April 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567534/serum-ykl-40-levels-may-help-distinguish-exacerbation-of-post-infectious-bronchiolitis-obliterans-from-acute-bronchiolitis-in-young-children
#16
Yoon Young Jang, Hye Jin Park, Hai Lee Chung
Children with post-infectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) are frequently hospitalized with acute exacerbation, but clinical differentiation of PIBO exacerbation from acute bronchiolitis is often challenging, which may result in treatment delay and chronic lung function impairment. We aimed to examine whether serum YKL-40 and growth factors could be markers for PIBO exacerbation. Thirty-seven children admitted with acute exacerbation of PIBO were enrolled and studied retrospectively. Diagnosis of PIBO was based on clinical history of acute respiratory infection followed by persistent airway obstruction and characteristic findings in high-resolution computed tomography...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554947/disparities-in-infant-hospitalizations-in-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-populations-in-quebec-canada
#17
Hua He, Lin Xiao, Jill Elaine Torrie, Nathalie Auger, Nancy Gros-Louis McHugh, Hamado Zoungrana, Zhong-Cheng Luo
BACKGROUND: Infant mortality is higher in Indigenous than non-Indigenous populations, but comparable data on infant morbidity are lacking in Canada. We evaluated disparities in infant morbidities experienced by Indigenous populations in Canada. METHODS: We used linked population-based birth and health administrative data from Quebec, Canada, to compare hospitalization rates, an indicator of severe morbidity, in First Nations, Inuit and non-Indigenous singleton infants (< 1 year) born between 1996 and 2010...
May 29, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546377/respiratory-care-considerations-in-the-childhood-cancer-patient
#18
Lama Elbahlawan, K Jason Rains, Dennis C Stokes
This article reviews the common pulmonary complications seen in the pediatric oncology population and our approach to diagnosis, management, and therapy considerations in this specialized population, including patients receiving chemotherapy, radiation, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Although infections cause the most significant complications in this population, non-infectious complications, including acute lung injury from chemotherapy or radiation, idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, bronchiolitis obliterans, and cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, also occur commonly...
June 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540196/significance-of-platelet-count-in-children-admitted-with-bronchiolitis
#19
Amar Al Shibli, Najla Alkuwaiti, May Hamie, Dima Abukhater, Muhammad B Noureddin, Abdulla Amri, Salwa Al Kaabi, Aysha Al Kaabi, Mariam Harbi, Hassib Narchi
AIM: To determine the true prevalence of thrombocytosis in children less than 2 years of age with bronchiolitis, its association with risk factors, disease severity and thromboembolic complications. METHODS: A retrospective observational medical chart review of 305 infants aged two years or less hospitalized for bronchiolitis. Clinical outcomes included disease severity, duration of hospital stay, admission to pediatric intensive care unit, or death. They also included complications of thrombocytosis, including thromboembolic complications such as cerebrovascular accident, acute coronary syndrome, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolus, mesenteric thrombosis and arterial thrombosis and also hemorrhagic complications such as bleeding (spontaneous hemorrhage in the skin, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal, respiratory, or genitourinary tracts)...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530085/-long-term-treatment-with-macrolides-in-chronic-lung-diseases
#20
REVIEW
Michal Shteinberg, Sonia Schneer, Ophir Lavon, Yochai Adir
Macrolide agents have both antibacterial properties as well as various effects on the inflammatory system. In recent years there is growing evidence regarding the favourable effects of macrolides in a range of chronic respiratory conditions. Historically, erythromycin and clarithromycin were found to stabilize pulmonary deterioration in diffuse panbronchiolitis. In cystic fibrosis patients colonized with pseudomonas aeruginosa, long term treatment with azithromycin reduces exacerbations and presents improved lung function...
September 2016: Harefuah
keyword
keyword
65523
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"