keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Phlebotomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229261/preliminary-experience-in-combined-somatic-and-cerebral-oximetry-monitoring-in-liver-transplantation
#1
Tina Hu, Yves Collin, Réal Lapointe, François Martin Carrier, Luc Massicotte, Annik Fortier, Jean Lambert, Franck Vandenbroucke-Menu, André Y Denault
OBJECTIVE: The use of cerebral near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has become widespread in cardiac surgery after research demonstrated an association between perioperative cerebral desaturations and postoperative complications. Somatic NIRS desaturation also is associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications and mortality. The objective of this study was to explore the trends of both somatic and cerebral NIRS during liver transplantation. DESIGN: A prospective, single-site, observational case series...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226647/human-peripheral-blood-cells-mrna-levels-are-highly-sensitive-to-duration-of-ex-vivo-post-sampling-conditions-prior-to-rna-isolation
#2
Eva Bohackova, Pavlina Dankova
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate an effect of the time period between drawing the peripheral blood and specimen processing on the stability of mRNA levels of 7 selected genes. METHODS: Blood samples derived from 15 healthy volunteers were always processed at five consecutive time points 0.5, 1.5, 2, 3, and 9 hours; mRNA was quantified by real-time PCR. RESULTS: Anti-inflammatory genes CCL2 and IL10 showed a significant rise of expression between the 3rd and 9th hour after blood collection (p ≤ 0...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225154/development-of-a-predictive-model-for-blood-transfusions-and-bleeding-during-liver-transplantation-an-observational-cohort-study
#3
Luc Massicotte, François Martin Carrier, André Y Denault, Pierre Karakiewicz, Zoltan Hevesi, Mickael McCormack, Lynda Thibeault, Anna Nozza, Zhe Tian, Michel Dagenais, André Roy
OBJECTIVE: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) frequently is associated with major blood loss and considerable transfusion requirements. The goal of this study was to define the risk factors for multiple transfusions and major bleeding during OLT and to help identify higher risk patients that could benefit from targeted interventions. DESIGN: OLTs were studied for this observational cohort study. SETTING: Community hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 800 consecutive OLTs were studied...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223389/a-multi-institutional-prospective-trial-in-the-veterans-affairs-health-system-confirms-the-4kscore-maintains-its-predictive-value-among-african-american-men
#4
Sanoj Punnen, Stephen J Freedland, Thomas J Polascik, Stacy Loeb, Michael C Risk, Stephen Savage, Sharad C Mathur, Edward Uchio, Yan Dong, Jonathan L Silberstein
PURPOSE: The 4Kscore test accurately detects aggressive prostate cancer and reduces unnecessary biopsies, however, its performance in African American (AA) men is unknown. This study assessed the performance of the 4Kscore test in a cohort of men with a large AA representation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men referred for a biopsy of the prostate at eight Veteran's Affairs Medical centers were prospectively enrolled. All men underwent phlebotomy for 4Kscore test assessment prior to biopsy of the prostate...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219811/non-targeted-hiv-screening-in-emergency-departments-in-the-netherlands
#5
G P M Luiken, I K Joore, A Taselaar, S C E Schuit, S E Geerlings, A Govers, P P M Rood, J M Prins, B E Nichols, A Verbon, T E M S de Vries-Sluijs
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands a substantial proportion of newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients present late for care and an estimated 12-34% of people living with HIV are undiagnosed. Linkage to care of these patients is important to decrease HIV transmission and to improve individual patient outcomes. We investigated if non-targeted HIV testing in emergency departments is a useful and cost-effective way to identify these patients. METHODS: In a cross-sectional multicentre study, eligible adult patients who underwent phlebotomy were given an active choice to be additionally tested for HIV...
November 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210591/duplicate-type-and-screen-testing-waste-in-the-clinical-laboratory
#6
Margaret L Compton, Penny C Szklarski, Garrett S Booth
CONTEXT: - In the United States, approximately 65 billion dollars is spent per year on clinical laboratory testing, of which 20% to 30% of all testing is deemed inappropriate. There have been multiple studies in the field of transfusion medicine regarding evidence-based transfusion practices, but limited data exist regarding inappropriate pretransfusion testing and its financial and clinical implications. OBJECTIVE: - To assess duplicative testing practices in the transfusion medicine service...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207713/analysis-of-patient-s-satisfaction-with-phlebotomy-services-in-nabh-accredited-neuropsychiatric-hospital-an-effective-tool-for-improvement
#7
Anshu Gupta, Tanima Dwivedi, Sadhana, Raju Chaudhary
Introduction: Patient's satisfaction is the need of the hour and one of the most important quality indicators in the laboratory medicine. Aim: To assess the patient's satisfaction with phlebotomy services in a neuropsychiatric hospital by a structured questionnaire with grading scale. Also, identify the problems causing dissatisfactions and to undertake necessary Corrective and Preventative Action (CAPA). Materials and Methods: Total 1200 patients were randomly selected over a period of two months (June and July 2016)...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199911/an-unexpected-cause-of-liver-cirrhosis-and-cardiomyopathy-in-a-young-man
#8
Ruben Pauwels, Els Vandecasteele, Daniel Devos, Walter Pauwels, Michel De Pauw
Introduction Juvenile hemochromatosis is a rare but severe form of hereditary hemochromatosis that typically presents early in life and can be fatal if left untreated. Case presentation We present the case of a 30-year-old man with a clear symptomatology of juvenile hemochromatosis, but in whom the diagnosis was initially mistaken for alcoholic liver disease because of known excessive use of alcohol, with the consequence that an adequate treatment was postponed. Discussion In this report, we discuss the diagnosis and treatment of juvenile hemochromatosis, focusing on the interaction between hemochromatosis and alcohol induced liver disease and how to differentiate both...
December 4, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193587/phlebotomy-as-a-preventive-measure-for-crocidolite-induced-mesothelioma-in-male-rats
#9
Yuuki Ohara, Shan-Hwu Chew, Takahiro Shibata, Yasumasa Okazaki, Kyoko Yamashita, Shinya Toyokuni
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a rare but socially important neoplasm due to its association with asbestos exposure. While MM is difficult to diagnose at an early stage, there are no particularly effective treatments available at the advanced stage, thus necessitating efficient strategies to prevent MM in individuals already exposed to asbestos. We previously showed that persistent oxidative damage caused by foreign body reaction and affinity of asbestos both to hemoglobin and histones is one of the major pathogeneses...
November 29, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187796/nurses-knowledge-on-phlebotomy-in-tertiary-hospitals-in-china-a-cross-sectional-multicentric-survey
#10
Qian Cai, Yunxian Zhou, Dangan Yang
Introduction: In China, phlebotomy practice is mostly executed by nurses instead of phlebotomists. Our hypothesis was that these nurses may lack of knowledge on phlebotomy, especially factors influencing quality of blood samples. This study aims to assess the overall nurses' knowledge on phlebotomy to provide reference for improving blood sampling practice in China. Materials and methods: A survey was conducted involving nurses from 4 regions and 13 hospitals in China...
February 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187795/fasting-conditions-influence-of-water-intake-on-clinical-chemistry-analytes
#11
Silvia F Benozzi, Gisela Unger, Amparo Campion, Graciela L Pennacchiotti
Introduction: Currently available recommendations regarding fasting requirements before phlebotomy do not specify any maximum water intake volume permitted during the fasting period. The aim was to study the effects of 300 mL water intake 1 h before phlebotomy on specific analytes. Materials and methods: Blood was collected from 20 women (median age (min-max): 24 (22 - 50) years) in basal state (T0) and 1 h after 300 mL water intake (T1). Glucose, total proteins (TP), urea, creatinine, cystatin C, total bilirubin (BT), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides (Tg), uric acid (UA), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), aspartate-aminotransferase (AST), alanine-aminotransferase and lactate-dehydrogenase (LD) were studied...
February 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187355/state-of-the-science-in-dried-blood-spots
#12
REVIEW
Jeffrey D Freeman, Lori M Rosman, Jeremy D Ratcliff, Paul T Strickland, David R Graham, Ellen K Silbergeld
BACKGROUND: Advancements in the quality and availability of highly sensitive analytical instrumentation and methodologies have led to increased interest in the use of microsamples. Among microsamples, dried blood spots (DBS) are the most well-known. Although there have been a variety of review papers published on DBS, there has been no attempt at describing the full range of analytes measurable in DBS, or any systematic approach published for characterizing the strengths and weaknesses associated with adoption of DBS analyses...
November 29, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169710/dysmetabolic-iron-overload-syndrome-dios
#13
Yves Deugnier, Édouard Bardou-Jacquet, Fabrice Lainé
Dysmetabolic iron overload syndrome (DIOS) corresponds to mild increase in both liver and body iron stores associated with various components of metabolic syndrome in the absence of any identifiable cause of iron excess. It is characterized by hyperferritinemia with normal or moderately increased transferrin saturation, one or several metabolic abnormalities (increased body mass index with android distribution of fat, elevated blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, abnormal glucose metabolism, steatohepatitis), and mild hepatic iron excess at magnetic resonance imaging or liver biopsy...
December 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167083/the-effect-of-diagnostic-blood-loss-on-anemia-and-transfusion-among-postoperative-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#14
Dan Zhou, Yu-Lan Luo, Shu-Hua Luo, Mei Feng, Meng-Lin Tang
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether diagnostic blood loss can lead to anemia and consequent blood transfusion among postoperative patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). DESIGN AND METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted in a university-affiliated tertiary hospital between January and August 2016. CHD patients aged <12years, undergoing cardiac surgery, with a PICU stay >48h were included (n=205)...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157318/effect-of-clinical-variables-on-the-volume-of-blood-collected-for-blood-cultures-in-an-adult-patient-population
#15
R Logan Jones, Harlan R Sayles, Paul D Fey, Mark E Rupp
OBJECTIVE To identify clinical variables that influence blood culture volume recovery DESIGN Retrospective chart review and linear model analysis SETTING A 621-bed Academic Medical Center with a Clinical Laboratory that processes 20,000+ blood cultures annually and dedicated phlebotomy staff for venipuncture PATIENTS Consecutive patients requiring blood culture METHODS Over a 6-day period, blood volume was determined in 568 culture bottles from 128 unique adult patients, and clinical data from the time of phlebotomy were extracted from hospital electronic medical records...
November 21, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149849/biobanking-in-israel-2016-17-expressed-perceptions-versus-real-life-enrollment
#16
Gideon Koren, Daniella Beller, Daphna Laifenfeld, Iris Grossman, Varda Shalev
BACKGROUND: As part of the preparations to establish a population-based biobank in a large Israeli health organization, we aimed to investigate through focus groups the knowledge, perceptions and attitudes of insured Israelis, toward biobanking, and then, after input from focus groups' participants, to empirically assess the impact of a revised recruitment process on recruitment rates. METHODS: 1) Six Focus group discussions were conducted (n = 10 per group) with individuals who had routine blood laboratory tests taken in the last 2 years...
November 17, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143448/prospective-observational-study-of-predicted-usage-of-intravenous-cannulas-inserted-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-emergency-department
#17
William Hollaway, Carsten Broeze, Meredith L Borland
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of unused peripheral intravenous cannulas (PIVCs) inserted in a paediatric emergency department (PED) and to assess clinicians' abilities to predict future usage of PIVC. METHODS: Prospective concealed observational study in a tertiary PED. Healthcare workers (HCWs) completed questionnaires upon insertion and removal of PIVC with review of patient notes if required. The primary outcome was the number of unused, unnecessary PIVCs...
November 16, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136618/hepcidin-in-iron-homeostasis-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-implications-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#18
Sintayehu Ambachew, Belete Biadgo
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes is increasing in epidemic proportions worldwide. Evidence suggests body iron overload is frequently linked and observed in patients with type 2 diabetes. Body iron metabolism is based on iron conservation and recycling by which only a part of the daily need is replaced by duodenal absorption. The principal liver-produced peptide called hepcidin plays a fundamental role in iron metabolism. It directly binds to ferroportin, the sole iron exporter, resulting in the internalization and degradation of ferroportin...
November 15, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134618/the-mechanisms-of-systemic-iron-homeostasis-and-etiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hereditary-hemochromatosis
#19
REVIEW
Hiroshi Kawabata
Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is a group of genetic iron overload disorders that manifest with various symptoms, including hepatic dysfunction, diabetes, and cardiomyopathy. Classic HH type 1, which is common in Caucasians, is caused by bi-allelic mutations of HFE. Severe types of HH are caused by either bi-allelic mutations of HFE2 that encodes hemojuvelin (type 2A) or HAMP that encodes hepcidin (type 2B). HH type 3, which is of intermediate severity, is caused by bi-allelic mutations of TFR2 that encodes transferrin receptor 2...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132876/the-distraction-in-action-tool%C3%A2-feasibility-and-usability-in-clinical-settings
#20
Kirsten Hanrahan, Charmaine Kleiber, Ben J Miller, Heather Davis, Ann Marie McCarthy
PURPOSE: Distraction is a relatively simple, evidence-based intervention to minimize child distress during medical procedures. Timely on-site interventions that instruct parents on distraction coaching are needed. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility and usability of the Distraction in Action Tool© (DAT©), which 1) predicts child risk for distress with a needle stick and 2) provides individualized instructions for parents on how to be a distraction coach for their child in clinical settings...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
keyword
keyword
6552
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"