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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790273/serological-cultural-and-molecular-evidence-of-brucella-melitensis-infection-in-goats-in-al-jabal-al-akhdar-sultanate-of-oman
#1
Yasmin ElTahir, Al Ghalya Al Toobi, Waleed Al-Marzooqi, Osman Mahgoub, Maryne Jay, Yannick Corde, Hadi Al Lawati, Shekar Bose, Abeer Al Hamrashdi, Kaadhia Al Kharousi, Nasseb Al-Saqri, Rudaina Al Busaidi, Eugene H Johnson
Brucellosis, one of the most common zoonotic diseases and has significant public health and economic importance worldwide. Few studies and reports have been performed to estimate the true prevalence of animal brucellosis in the Sultanate of Oman; however, no incidence of the disease was previously reported in Al Jabal Al Akhdar. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of brucellosis in goats in eight villages in Al Jebal Al Akhdar, Sultanate of Oman, namely: Al Aqaieb, Al Helailat, Al Ghilayil, Hail Al Hedap, Da'an Al Hamra, Shnoot, Al Qasha'e and Al Sarah, Al Jabal Al Akhdar in the Sultanate of Oman...
May 23, 2018: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787691/the-influence-of-spinal-cord-injury-on-breastfeeding-ability-and-behavior
#2
Theodor Holmgren, Amanda H X Lee, Shea Hocaloski, Lynsey J Hamilton, Iris Hellsing, Stacy Elliott, Claes Hultling, Andrei V Krassioukov
BACKGROUND: Lactation dysfunction following spinal cord injury has been noted in the literature. However, researchers have often grouped together all women of physical disability or do not account for injury level. The extent of lactation dysfunction and influence of spinal cord injury on breastfeeding ability and behavior is not well understood. Research aim: This study aimed to identify major barriers to lactation and breastfeeding related to spinal cord injury, specifically comparing high- and low-level injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751436/prenatal-dioxin-exposure-estimated-from-dioxins-in-breast-milk-and-sex-hormone-levels-in-umbilical-cord-blood-in-vietnamese-newborn-infants
#3
Hitomi Boda, Tran Ngoc Nghi, Muneko Nishijo, Pham Ngoc Thao, Pham The Tai, Hoang Van Luong, Tran Hai Anh, Yuko Morikawa, Yoshikazu Nishino, Hisao Nishijo
Dioxin concentrations remain elevated in the environment and humans residing near the former US Air Force base in Bien Hoa city, South Vietnam. We recruited 210 mother-infant pairs for whom breast milk dioxin levels were reported in our previous study. Cord blood samples were collected from 162 mother-infant pairs. We selected 16 cord blood samples with a volume over 20mL and fat content of ≥0.03g. Toxic equivalent levels of polychlorinated dibenzodioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (TEQ-PCDD/Fs) and concentrations of 17 congeners, including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (2,3,7,8-TCDD), in cord blood were measured and compared with levels in breast milk (Study 1)...
February 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739367/impact-of-umbilical-cord-milking-and-pasteurized-donor-human-milk-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-retrospective-review
#4
Mehtab K Sekhon, Bradley A Yoder
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious complication of prematurity. Our objective was to evaluate the impact of an umbilical cord milking protocol (UCM) and pasteurized donor human milk (PDHM) on NEC rates in infants less than 30 weeks gestational age from January 1, 2010 to September 30, 2016. We hypothesized an incremental decrease in NEC after each intervention. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 638 infants born less than 30 weeks gestational age...
May 8, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698897/perfluoroalkyl-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-in-matched-parental-and-cord-serum-in-shandong-china
#5
Wenchao Han, Yu Gao, Qian Yao, Tao Yuan, Yiwen Wang, Shasha Zhao, Rong Shi, Eva Cecilie Bonefeld-Jorgensen, Xiaoming Shen, Ying Tian
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have been widely detected in different populations. However, limited data is available about exposure among family members. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the PFASs levels in parents and their newborns and to understand their correlation and health implications of in utero exposure to PFASs. METHODS: Ten PFASs were measured in matched parental and cord serum (N = 369 families) from a birth cohort in Shandong, one of the regions seriously polluted by PFASs in China...
April 23, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661239/neonatal-care-practices-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-data
#6
REVIEW
Margaret Bee, Anushree Shiroor, Zelee Hill
BACKGROUND: Recommended immediate newborn care practices include thermal care (immediate drying and wrapping, skin-to-skin contact after delivery, delayed bathing), hygienic cord care and early initiation of breastfeeding. This paper systematically reviews quantitative and qualitative data from sub-Saharan Africa on the prevalence of key immediate newborn care practices and the factors that influence them. METHODS: Studies were identified by searching relevant databases and websites, contacting national and international academics and implementers and hand-searching reference lists of included articles...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608295/tbbpa-and-its-alternatives-disturb-the-early-stages-of-neural-development-by-interfering-with-the-notch-and-wnt-pathways
#7
Nuoya Yin, Shaojun Liang, Shengxian Liang, Renjun Yang, Bowen Hu, Zhanfen Qin, Aifeng Liu, Francesco Faiola
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), as well as its alternatives Tetrabromobisphenol S (TBBPS) and Tetrachlorobisphenol A (TCBPA), are widely used halogenated flame retardants. Their high detection rates in human breast milk and umbilical cord serum have raised wide concerns about their adverse effects on human fetal development. In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxicity and neural developmental toxicity of TBBPA, TBBPS and TCBPA with a mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) system, at human body fluid and environmental relevant doses...
April 2, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605748/di-n-butyl-phthalate-butylbenzyl-phthalate-and-their-metabolites-induce-haemolysis-and-eryptosis-in-human-erythrocytes
#8
Paulina Sicińska
Phthalates have been extensively used as plasticizers in various fields, including food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industry. Those compounds do not form covalent bonds to substances they are being added to, and thus they may migrate easily and penetrate various products used every day. They may reach organisms with air, food, or by a direct skin contact. Significant levels of phthalates and their metabolites are found in urine, breast milk, blood serum, venous blood, and cord blood. The purpose of this study was to assess the simple toxicity (haemolysis) and programmed death (eryptosis) caused by following phthalates: di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), butylbenzyl phthalate (BBP) and their metabolites: mono-n-butyl phthalate (MBP) and mono-benzyl phthalate (MBzP) in vitro in human RBCs...
March 24, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605679/prenatal-exposure-to-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-and-risk-of-being-born-small-for-gestational-age-pooled-analysis-of-seven-european-birth-cohorts
#9
Eva Govarts, Nina Iszatt, Tomas Trnovec, Marijke de Cock, Merete Eggesbø, Lubica Palkovicova Murinova, Margot van de Bor, Mònica Guxens, Cécile Chevrier, Gudrun Koppen, Marja Lamoree, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Aitana Lertxundi, Joan O Grimalt, Maties Torrent, Fernando Goñi-Irigoyen, Roel Vermeulen, Juliette Legler, Greet Schoeters
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is evidence that endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) have developmental effects at environmental concentrations. We investigated whether some EDCs are associated with the adverse birth outcome Small for Gestational Age (SGA). METHODS: We used PCB 153, p,p'-DDE, HCB, PFOS and PFOA measured in maternal, cord blood or breast milk samples of 5446 mother-child pairs (subset of 693 for the perfluorinated compounds) from seven European birth cohorts (1997-2012)...
March 29, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535993/placental-transfusion-and-cardiovascular-instability-in-the-preterm-infant
#10
REVIEW
Zbynĕk Straňák, Simona Feyereislová, Peter Korček, Eugene Dempsey
Postnatal adaptation in preterm newborn comprises complex physiological processes that involve significant changes in the circulatory and respiratory system. Increasing hemoglobin level and blood volume following placental transfusion may be of importance in enhancing arterial oxygen content, increasing cardiac output, and improving oxygen delivery. The European consensus on resuscitation of preterm infants recommends delayed cord clamping (DCC) for at least 60 s to promote placenta-fetal transfusion in uncompromised neonates...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523279/pharmacokinetics-of-amlodipine-besylate-at-delivery-and-during-lactation
#11
Jamie L Morgan, Benjamin K Kogutt, Claudia Meek, Elizabeth K Stehel, Donald D McIntire, Jeanne S Sheffield, Scott W Roberts
BACKGROUND: Amlodipine is rarely used in the treatment of pregnant hypertensive women due to limited pharmacokinetic data during pregnancy and the postpartum period. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of amlodipine besylate in the peri-partum period including quantities of placental passage, breast milk excretion and infant exposure. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective study of pregnant women who were prescribed 5 mg of amlodipine daily for treatment of chronic hypertension and delivered at term...
January 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516473/provision-of-respiratory-support-compared-to-no-respiratory-support-before-cord-clamping-for-preterm-infants
#12
REVIEW
Michael P Meyer, Elizabeth Nevill, Maisie M Wong
BACKGROUND: Placental transfusion (by means of delayed cord clamping (DCC), cord milking, or cord stripping) confers benefits for preterm infants. It is not known if providing respiratory support to preterm infants before cord clamping improves outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of respiratory support provided during DCC compared with no respiratory support during placental transfusion (in the form of DCC, milking, or stripping) in preterm infants immediately after delivery...
March 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506014/effect-of-milking-maneuver-in-preterm-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Víctor Lago Leal, Loida Pamplona Bueno, Lucía Cabanillas Vilaplana, Estefanía Nicolás Montero, Mónica Martín Blanco, Cristina Fernández Romero, Sara El Bakkali, Tamara Pradillo Aramendi, Lara Sobrino Lorenzano, Paula Castellano Esparza, Esther Ballesteros Benito, Nieves Rayo Navarro, Pablo Del Barrio Fernández, Vanesa Ocaña Martínez, Luis Martínez Cortés
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short and medium-term effects of milking maneuver (MM) compared with early cord clamping for infants born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 138 infants between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks of gestation were allocated to MM or early cord clamping. Primary outcomes were the requirement of red blood cell transfusions or phototherapy. RESULTS: Initial hemoglobin was significantly higher in the MM group by 1.675 g/dL (p < 0...
March 5, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495430/low-transfer-of-tacrolimus-and-its-metabolites-into-colostrum-of-graft-recipient-mothers
#14
Bozena Kociszewska-Najman, Natalia Mazanowska, Bronislawa Pietrzak, Leszek Paczek, Monika Szpotanska-Sikorska, Joanna Schreiber-Zamora, Ewa Hryniewiecka, Dorota Zochowska, Emilia Samborowska, Michal Dadlez, Miroslaw Wielgos
Currently, the majority of neonates born to organ recipient mothers on chronic immunosuppressive therapy are formula fed. However, over the past few years, evidence has grown, suggesting that breastfeeding might be possible and beneficial. We designed a study assessing the transfer of tacrolimus into the colostrum of posttransplant mothers. We assessed the amount of tacrolimus and its metabolites, M-1 and M-3, that would be ingested by the breastfed neonates. Concentrations of tacrolimus and its metabolites were measured in colostrum from 14 posttransplant mothers as well as in venous cord blood and venous blood of the neonates...
February 27, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494270/when-is-helicobacter-pylori-acquired-in-populations-in-developing-countries-a-birth-cohort-study-in-bangladeshi-children
#15
Sabine Kienesberger, Guillermo I Perez-Perez, Asalia Z Olivares, Pradip Bardhan, Shafiqul A Sarker, Kh Zahid Hasan, R Bradley Sack, Martin J Blaser
Helicobacter pylori colonization is prevalent throughout the world, and is predominantly acquired during childhood. In developing countries, >70% of adult populations are colonized with H. pylori and >50% of children become colonized before the age of 10 years. However, the exact timing of acquisition is unknown. We assessed detection of H. pylori acquisition among a birth cohort of 105 children in Mirzapur, Bangladesh. Blood samples collected at time 0 (cord blood), and at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months of life were examined for the presence of IgG and IgA antibodies to whole cell H...
March 1, 2018: Gut Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485905/infant-exposure-to-methylphenidate-and-duloxetine-during-lactation
#16
Laurence Collin-Lévesque, Yosra El-Ghaddaf, Madeleine Genest, Martin Jutras, Grégoire Leclair, Etienne Weisskopf, Alice Panchaud, Ema Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Duloxetine and methylphenidate are commonly prescribed for the management of depression and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), respectively. However, little information is available concerning their safety during lactation. The purpose of this case series was to provide additional information to the medical literature concerning infant exposure to methylphenidate and duloxetine through breast milk. METHOD: Bioanalytical method (liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry) was developed and validated before its use to determine the concentrations of both medications in breast milk samples...
April 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462970/approaches-for-reducing-the-risk-of-early-life-iron-deficiency-induced-brain-dysfunction-in-children
#17
REVIEW
Sarah E Cusick, Michael K Georgieff, Raghavendra Rao
Iron deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency in the world. Women of reproductive age and young children are particularly vulnerable. Iron deficiency in late prenatal and early postnatal periods can lead to long-term neurobehavioral deficits, despite iron treatment. This may occur because screening and treatment of iron deficiency in children is currently focused on detection of anemia and not neurodevelopment. Anemia is the end-stage state of iron deficiency. The brain becomes iron deficient before the onset of anemia due to prioritization of the available iron to the red blood cells (RBCs) over other organs...
February 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453428/igf-i-and-igfbp-3-concentrations-at-2-years-associations-with-anthropometry-and-milk-consumption-in-an-indian-cohort
#18
Andrea S Wiley, Suyog M Joshi, Himangi G Lubree, Dattatray S Bhat, Neelam S Memane, Deepa A Raut, Chittaranjan S Yajnik
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To ascertain associations between plasma insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) and their molar ratio at 2 y with neonatal size, infant growth, body composition at 2 y, and feeding practices in an Indian cohort. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A cohort of 209 newborns, with 122 followed at 2 y. Anthropometry was conducted at birth and 2 y. IGF-I and IGFBP-3 concentrations were measured in cord blood and at 2 y...
April 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439621/biofluid-metabolomics-in-preterm-birth-research
#19
Ana M Gil, Daniela Duarte
This article presents an account of the research carried out so far in the use of metabolomics to find biomarkers of preterm birth (PTB) in fetal, maternal, and newborn biofluids. Metabolomic studies have employed mainly nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy or mass spectrometry-based methodologies to analyze, on one hand, prenatal biofluids (amniotic fluid, maternal urine/maternal blood, cervicovaginal fluid) to identify predictive biomarkers of PTB, and on the other hand, biofluids collected at or after birth (amniotic fluid, umbilical cord blood, newborn urine, and newborn blood, maternal blood, or breast milk) to assess and follow up the health status of PTB babies...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436245/vitamin-a-intake-of-brazilian-mothers-and-retinol-concentrations-in-maternal-blood-human-milk-and-the-umbilical-cord
#20
Thalia Manfrin Martins Deminice, Ivan Savioli Ferraz, Jacqueline Pontes Monteiro, Alceu Afonso Jordão, Lívia Maria Cordeiro Simões Ambrósio, Carlos Alberto Nogueira-de-Almeida
Objectives To analyse intake of vitamin A (VA) and retinol concentrations in maternal blood, breast milk (BM), and the umbilical cord (UC) of newborns, and to determine the associations among these variables. Methods We performed a cross-sectional, epidemiological study of 180 mother-newborn dyads. Maternal and UC blood samples and BM were collected. VA intake by the mother over 30 days was assessed using a questionnaire. Results Mean retinol concentrations in maternal serum, the UC, and BM were 0.65 ± 0...
April 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
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