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ENT pathology

Symone Niesz-Ent, Corrie C Brown, Wilson Yau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
A I Kryukov, N L Kunel'skaya, A Yu Ivoilov, A I Machulin, V V Yanovsky
The objective of the present study was the analysis of the current state of the problem of the frequently ill children. The authors present the classification of the frequently ill children together with information concerning the influence of various factors on the incidence of pediatric pathologies with special reference to the major pathogenic agents responsible for the formation of the areas of chronic inflammation in the ENT organs of the children. The approaches to the treatment and rehabilitation of the patients belonging to this age group requiring the follow-up monitoring are considered...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
V T Pal'chun, A V Gurov, L M Mikhaleva, M V Gordienko
Despite the ever growing progress in antibiotic therapy and the advent of the new methods for this purpose, the number of patients suffering from chronic focal infection of the ENT organs has not decreased during the last decades which turns the problem of chronization of inflammation into a serious challenge for the physicians as exemplified by chronic inflammation in the mucous membrane of the middle ear. Pathological changes in the middle ear make up a large fraction of ENT diseases of importance not only for otorhinolaryngologists but also for the specialists in the related medical disciplines...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
A I Kryukov, S G Romanenko, O G Pavlikhin, E V Lesogorova
This article was designed to report the results of the evaluation of the clinical and functional condition of the larynx in the patients of the elder age group presenting with chronic oedematous polypoidal laryngitis before and after their surgical treatment. A total of 60 patients at the age from 60 to 72 years were available for the examination; all of them had a concomitant somatic or ENT pathology. The clinical and functional conditions of the larynx in the patients of the elder age group were studied, with special reference to those suffering from chronic oedematous polypoidal laryngitis before the surgical intervention, that determined the overall clinical picture of the disease characterized in the first place by the predominance of the severe polypoid process with the combination of the organic and functional laryngeal pathology...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
M A Sattar, M T Sultana, S Ahmed
Branchial arch anomalies are one of the most common congenital anomalies of the neck. Developmental anomalies of the branchial apparatus account for 17% of all pediatric cervical masses. This study aimed to focus on proper diagnosis of branchial anomaly and describe occurrence, presentation, management and outcome of usual and unusual types. This ten-year prospective observational study was conducted from November 2005 to November 2015 including 2-year postoperative follow-up of the patients in Department of ENT, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
D Locatelli, F Pozzi, G Agresta, S Padovan, A Karligkiotis, P Castelnuovo
Objectives  We illustrate a suprasellar craniopharyngiomas treated with an extended endoscopic endonasal approach (EEEA). Design  Case report of a 43-year-old male affected by cerebral lesion located in suprasellar region involving the third ventricle and compressing the neurovascular structures, causing an anterosuperior dislocation of the chiasma. There is a complete disruption of the pituitary stalk that can explain the clinical finding of partial anterior hypopituitarism and hyperprolactinemia. The lesion is characterized by a solid and cystic component...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Ali Safavi Naini, Jahangir Ghorbani, Sima Montazer Lotfe Elahi, Mohsen Beigomi
Introduction: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; also known as Wegener's granulomatosis) is a primary systemic vasculitis involving the ear, nose and throat system (ENT) and lower respiratory tract. Because of the lack of knowledge regarding the clinical findings of GPA due to the limited number of studies, the current study was designed to investigate the prevalence and nature of the otology manifestations in the disease course. Materials and Methods: In the current prospective study, patients with a diagnosis of GPA from 2012-2016 were included...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
E L P Bemba, A R Ouedraogo, G C Ngouoni, R G Bopaka, P P Koumeka, K B Ossale Abacka, J Mboussa
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the leading sleep-related breathing disorder. Its complications and its repercussions on the quality of life of patients make the OSAS a real public health problem. The objective of this study is to both asses physicians knowledge of OSAS and describe their attitudes towards suspect subjects in Brazzaville. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of 230 doctors practicing in various hospitals in the city of Brazzaville...
January 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
A Londero, P Bonfils, J P Lefaucheur
Subjective tinnitus is a symptom in many ENT pathologies, for which there is no curative treatment. It may be poorly tolerated by some patients, who develop attention or sleep disorder or even major anxiety and depression, severely impairing quality of life. Pathophysiological models of the genesis and maintenance of tinnitus symptomatology highlight maladaptive cerebral plasticity induced by peripheral hearing loss. Although not fully elucidated, these changes in neuronal activity are the target of various attempts at neuromodulation, particularly using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which has been the focus of various clinical studies and meta-analyses...
February 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Ulrich Hoppe, Gerhard Hesse
Hearing loss can be caused by a number of different pathological conditions. Some of them can be successfully treated, mainly by surgery, depending on the individual's disease process. However, the treatment of chronic sensorineural hearing loss with damaged cochlear structures usually needs hearing rehabilitation by means of technical amplification. During the last two decades tremendous improvements in hearing aid technology led to a higher quality of the hearing rehabilitation process. For example, due to sophisticated signal processing acoustic feedback could be reduced and hence open fitting options are available even for more subjects with higher degrees of hearing loss...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
N Seymour, G Burkill, M Harries
OBJECTIVES: Positron emission tomography-computed tomography with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose has a major role in the investigation of head and neck cancers. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose is not a tumour-specific tracer and can also accumulate in benign pathology. Therefore, positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan interpretation difficulties are common in the head and neck, which can produce false-positive results. This study aimed to investigate patients detected as having abnormal vocal fold uptake on fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Andrea Nacci, Giovanna Baracca, Salvatore Osvaldo Romeo, Maria Denise Cavaliere, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Stefano Berrettini, Francesco Ursino, Bruno Fattori
OBJECTIVES: In To analyze laryngostroboscopic findings and ENT/phoniatric examination results in a group of singing students and in a control group of non-singing subjects to emphasize the importance of ENT/phoniatric examination and of laryngostroboscopy before taking up singing. METHODS: 56 singing students and 60 healthy euphonic non-singer volunteers were recruited. In each subject a perceptual assessment and a self-assessment (VHI) of the voice were performed...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
S R Saifuddin, W Devlies, A Santaolalla, F Cahill, G George, D Enting, S Rudman, P Cathcart, B Challacombe, P Dasgupta, C Galustian, A Chandra, S Chowdhury, C Gillett, M Van Hemelrijck
The KHP PCaBB was established in 2013 and recruits donors from the Urology or Oncology Departments at Guy's Hospital in London (UK). Prostate cancer patients may be approached to give their consent for biobanking at any point in their treatment pathway, which allows residual material from their earlier diagnosis to be transferred and used by the Biobank. Currently, patients are specifically asked to donate samples of blood and surplus prostate tissue as well as permitting access to their clinical and pathological data that continues to be added throughout the course of their disease...
November 22, 2017: BMC Cancer
D Chassard
Over the period 2010-2012, maternal mortality linked to anesthesia accounted for 2% of maternal deaths, with no significant change since 2007-2009. Of the 7 maternal deaths analyzed by the expert committee, anesthetic complications were in 5 cases the main cause of death: 4 attributed to direct causes related to anesthetic procedures during childbirth and 1 to indirect cause in connection with an ENT complication during pregnancy. The anesthetic causes of maternal mortality were for the 2010-2012 period: cardiac arrest under spinal anesthesia during caesarean section, local anesthetic intoxication with unsuccessful resuscitation after cardiac arrest without intralipid administration, acute respiratory distress syndrome in the postpartum period after pulmonary aspiration during caesarean section, cardiac arrest during caesarean section under general anesthesia in a context of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with mediastinal syndrome, unsuccessful endotracheal intubation in a context of cellulitis of the oral cavity floor...
December 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Rachel Horwitz Berkun, David Polak, Lior Shapira, Ron Eliashar
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) findings in the maxillary sinus, Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) symptoms and dental pathologies in asymptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 81 patients were referred for CBCT and filled a standard ENT visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaire. CBCT images were analyzed for sinus ostium obstruction, Schneiderian membrane thickening, sinus floor turbidity and the presence of polyps...
November 9, 2017: Oral Diseases
Stefanie Jansen, Moritz Friedo Meyer, Manuela Boor, Ruth Volland, Eberhard Daniel Pracht, Heinz Dieter Klünter, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner, Maria Grosheva
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the influence of repetitive scuba diving in fresh water on the middle ear mucosa. The prevalence of middle ear barotrauma (MEB) and risk factors for MEB were evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, Level of evidence 1b. METHODS: During three days, 23 divers made 144 repetitive dives in a freshwater lake. Participants underwent otoscopic examinations and were questioned about ENT-related complaints in the morning before the first dive, in between the dives and after the last dive...
2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
X Dubernard, J-C Kleiber, E Brenet, M-A Louges, Y Veleine, M Labrousse, M Makeieff, A Bazin, A Chays
Any cutaneous lesion of the outer ear must be managed jointly by a dermatologist and an ENT, regardless of the age of the patient. The presence of a malignant cutaneous carcinoma (Squamous cell carcinoma or melanoma) of the pavilion requires a minimum extension assessment by a cervical ultrasound, CT-scan and MRI will be prescribed according to the degree of infiltration and the presence of clinics signs (lymphadenopathy, facial paralysis, cognitive impairment). A polyp of the external auditory meatus must be systematically biopsied in consultation and, if necessary, in the operating room with fresh anatomopathological analysis...
November 2017: La Presse Médicale
E Yu Radtsig, O V Bugaichuk
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the spectrum of the pathogenic agents responsible for the development of acute suppurative otitis media in the children of the preschool age and to reveal the specific clinical features of this disease depending on its etiological factors. The study involved 138 patients (186 ears) of either sex at the age from 1 year to 84 months who presented with acute suppurative otitis media. The following methods were employed for the purpose of the study: analysis of the patients' complaints and the past medical histories, examination of the ENT organs, microbiological (bacteriological and virological) studies of secretion from the tympanic cavity, diagnostic endoscopy of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx, laboratory investigations...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
Rebecca Diez, Magnus J E Richardson, Mark J Wall
Neural circuit activity increases the release of the purine neuromodulator adenosine into the extracellular space leading to A1 receptor activation and negative feedback via membrane hyperpolarization and inhibition of transmitter release. Adenosine can be released by a number of different mechanisms that include Ca(2+) dependent processes such as the exocytosis of ATP. During sustained pathological network activity, ischemia and hypoxia the extracellular concentration of calcium ions (Ca(2+)) markedly falls, inhibiting exocytosis and potentially reducing adenosine release...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
G B Salis, J C Albertengo, M Bruno, G Palau, R González Villaveirán, D Lombardo, V Villafañe, C Zorraquín, M Ghigliani
Polypoid tumours of the esophagus present diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Liposarcomas are infrequent among them. We report a recent case. A 73-year-old male patient was seen in May 1995 in the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Clinica Modelo de Morón, with intermittent dysphagia and dyspnoea due to recurrent vomiting. A laryngeal lineal tomography showed a subglottic obstruction due to extrinsic compression. The patient was referred to the Gastroenterology Department, where an upper gastrointestinal (upper GI) series demonstrated mega-esophagus with abundant retained food...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
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