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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746651/the-impact-of-the-veteran-s-affairs-medical-system-on-an-otolaryngology-residency-training-program
#1
Alexander Lanigan, Mark Spaw, Christopher Donaghe, Joseph Brennan
Introduction: The field of otolaryngology has become the leading specialty in the management of head and neck pathology and trauma. Graduate medical education programs tasked to train military head and neck surgeons within the Department of Defense (DoD) maintain certification by ensuring adequate surgical case volume and training. In recent years, surgical case numbers have declined due to an overall healthy active duty patient population and deployments of residency faculty. As such, a novel initiative between the San Antonio Military Medical Center and the South Texas Veteran's Healthcare system was developed to provide seamless care among active duty service members, dependents, retirees, and veterans...
May 9, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731297/french-society-of-ent-sforl-guidelines-short-version-on-the-roles-of-the-various-treatment-options-in-childhood-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#2
B Pateron, R Marianowski, P-J Monteyrol, V Couloigner, M Akkari, F Chalumeau, P Fayoux, N Leboulanger, P Franco, M Mondain
OBJECTIVE: The authors present the guidelines of the French Society of ENT and Head & Neck Surgery (SFORL) on the role of the ENT physician in childhood obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). This section of the guidelines concerns the roles of the various medical and surgical treatment options. METHOD: A multidisciplinary work-group was entrusted with a review of the scientific literature on the topic. Based on the retrieved articles and the group members' own experience, guidelines were drawn up, then read over by a reading group independent of the work-group...
May 3, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697653/-the-heredity-and-the-curvature-of-the-nasal-septum-in-the-children
#3
A S Yunusov, L A Larina
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the role of genetic and environmental factors in the development of the curvature of the nasal septum in the children by means of the twin method. A total of 171 twins were examined during the study. They included 27 pairs of monozygotic (MZ) twins and 1 triplet. There were 87 boys and 84 girls. All of them were distributed by age as follows: group 1 (3-7 years) - 97 children, group II (8-11 years) - 34 children, group III (12-15 years) - 40 adolescents. Taken together, the members of these groups accounted for 56...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680444/sinonasal-outcome-after-endoscopic-mononostril-transsphenoidal-surgery-a-single-center-cohort-study
#4
Stefan Linsler, Benjamin Prokein, Philipp Hendrix, Joachim Oertel
OBJECTIVE: The endoscopic endonasal approach has been well established for skull base surgery. However, there are only few studies pointing out nasal complaints after surgery. In this study, the authors evaluated postoperative nasal complaints and complications after mononostril endoscopic procedures. METHODS: All patients operated on parasellar and sellar pathologies at our department via an endoscopic mononostril transnasal transsphenoidal approach from January 2011 to May 2015 were analyzed...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619102/dynamic-slow-motion-video-endoscopy-as-an-adjunct-to-impedance-audiometry-in-the-assessment-of-eustachian-tube-function
#5
Sanoop E Sanu, Shilpa Divakaran, Sabarinath Vijayakumar, Sunil Kumar Saxena, Arun Alexander, Suryanarayanan Gopalakrishnan
Introduction  Eustachian tube (ET) dysfunction plays an important role not only in the pathophysiology of various middle ear disorders, but also in predicting the outcome of the treatment. As there is no single test that assesses both the anatomic and physiological functions of the ET, a combination of tympanometry and dynamic slow motion video endoscopy may improve the sensitivity of ET function assessment. Objective  To find out if there is any correlation between dynamic slow motion nasal video endoscopy and impedance audiometry in assessing ET function in patients with middle ear diseases...
April 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613971/the-impact-of-pediatric-outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-therapy-implementation-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-in-the-united-kingdom
#6
Sanjay Patel, Valentina Burzio, Helen Green, Sara Rees, Marc Tebruegge, Christine Jones, Saul N Faust
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy (OPAT) have largely focused on adult practice, and there are few published data on the safety and effectiveness of pediatric OPAT (p-OPAT). METHODS: During a 3-year-period (2012 to 2015), data were prospectively collected on patients managed within the p-OPAT service at Southampton Children's Hospital, a tertiary pediatric hospital in the South of England. RESULTS: A total of 130 p-OPAT episodes were managed during this period...
April 2, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581776/association-of-smoking-and-xpg-cyp1a1-ogg1-ercc5-ercc1-mmp2-and-mmp9-gene-polymorphisms-with-the-early-detection-and-occurrence-of-laryngeal-squamous-carcinoma
#7
Yi Zhu, Luo Guo, ShengZi Wang, Qun Yu, JianXiong Lu
A total of 200 smoking-related laryngeal carcinoma patients with pathology confirmation from the Eye and ENT Hospital and 190 high-risk smokers were included in a survey. All of the participants had a smoking index greater than 400 (cigarettes/day*year.) We obtained data on clinical and baseline characteristics, and peripheral blood was obtained and subjected to DNA extraction to analyse the correlation between smoking and the occurrence of laryngeal carcinoma. We selected candidate genes and SNP fragments that were found to be closely associated with smoking-related tumours in preliminary studies...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504863/pathology-in-practice
#8
Symone Niesz-Ent, Corrie C Brown, Wilson Yau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488506/-the-peculiarities-of-the-clinical-picture-and-treatment-of-inflammatory-ent-diseases-in-the-frequently-ill-children
#9
A I Kryukov, N L Kunel'skaya, A Yu Ivoilov, A I Machulin, V V Yanovsky
The objective of the present study was the analysis of the current state of the problem of the frequently ill children. The authors present the classification of the frequently ill children together with information concerning the influence of various factors on the incidence of pediatric pathologies with special reference to the major pathogenic agents responsible for the formation of the areas of chronic inflammation in the ENT organs of the children. The approaches to the treatment and rehabilitation of the patients belonging to this age group requiring the follow-up monitoring are considered...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488505/-the-modern-approaches-to-the-evaluation-of-the-importance-of-chronic-inflammation-in-the-mucous-membrane-of-the-middle-ear
#10
V T Pal'chun, A V Gurov, L M Mikhaleva, M V Gordienko
Despite the ever growing progress in antibiotic therapy and the advent of the new methods for this purpose, the number of patients suffering from chronic focal infection of the ENT organs has not decreased during the last decades which turns the problem of chronization of inflammation into a serious challenge for the physicians as exemplified by chronic inflammation in the mucous membrane of the middle ear. Pathological changes in the middle ear make up a large fraction of ENT diseases of importance not only for otorhinolaryngologists but also for the specialists in the related medical disciplines...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488499/-the-clinical-and-functional-condition-of-the-larynx-in-the-patients-of-the-elder-age-group-presenting-with-chronic-oedematous-polypoidal-laryngitis
#11
A I Kryukov, S G Romanenko, O G Pavlikhin, E V Lesogorova
This article was designed to report the results of the evaluation of the clinical and functional condition of the larynx in the patients of the elder age group presenting with chronic oedematous polypoidal laryngitis before and after their surgical treatment. A total of 60 patients at the age from 60 to 72 years were available for the examination; all of them had a concomitant somatic or ENT pathology. The clinical and functional conditions of the larynx in the patients of the elder age group were studied, with special reference to those suffering from chronic oedematous polypoidal laryngitis before the surgical intervention, that determined the overall clinical picture of the disease characterized in the first place by the predominance of the severe polypoid process with the combination of the organic and functional laryngeal pathology...
2018: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459595/distribution-management-difficulty-and-outcome-of-branchial-anomalies
#12
M A Sattar, M T Sultana, S Ahmed
Branchial arch anomalies are one of the most common congenital anomalies of the neck. Developmental anomalies of the branchial apparatus account for 17% of all pediatric cervical masses. This study aimed to focus on proper diagnosis of branchial anomaly and describe occurrence, presentation, management and outcome of usual and unusual types. This ten-year prospective observational study was conducted from November 2005 to November 2015 including 2-year postoperative follow-up of the patients in Department of ENT, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404249/extended-endoscopic-endonasal-approach-for-suprasellar-craniopharyngioma
#13
D Locatelli, F Pozzi, G Agresta, S Padovan, A Karligkiotis, P Castelnuovo
Objectives  We illustrate a suprasellar craniopharyngiomas treated with an extended endoscopic endonasal approach (EEEA). Design  Case report of a 43-year-old male affected by cerebral lesion located in suprasellar region involving the third ventricle and compressing the neurovascular structures, causing an anterosuperior dislocation of the chiasma. There is a complete disruption of the pituitary stalk that can explain the clinical finding of partial anterior hypopituitarism and hyperprolactinemia. The lesion is characterized by a solid and cystic component...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383313/otologic-manifestations-and-progression-in-patients-with-wegener-s-granulomatosis-a-survey-in-55-patients
#14
Ali Safavi Naini, Jahangir Ghorbani, Sima Montazer Lotfe Elahi, Mohsen Beigomi
Introduction: Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; also known as Wegener's granulomatosis) is a primary systemic vasculitis involving the ear, nose and throat system (ENT) and lower respiratory tract. Because of the lack of knowledge regarding the clinical findings of GPA due to the limited number of studies, the current study was designed to investigate the prevalence and nature of the otology manifestations in the disease course. Materials and Methods: In the current prospective study, patients with a diagnosis of GPA from 2012-2016 were included...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329966/-overview-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-in-brazzaville-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#15
E L P Bemba, A R Ouedraogo, G C Ngouoni, R G Bopaka, P P Koumeka, K B Ossale Abacka, J Mboussa
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the leading sleep-related breathing disorder. Its complications and its repercussions on the quality of life of patients make the OSAS a real public health problem. The objective of this study is to both asses physicians knowledge of OSAS and describe their attitudes towards suspect subjects in Brazzaville. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of 230 doctors practicing in various hospitals in the city of Brazzaville...
February 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287622/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-subjective-tinnitus-a-review-of-the-literature-2014-2016
#16
A Londero, P Bonfils, J P Lefaucheur
Subjective tinnitus is a symptom in many ENT pathologies, for which there is no curative treatment. It may be poorly tolerated by some patients, who develop attention or sleep disorder or even major anxiety and depression, severely impairing quality of life. Pathophysiological models of the genesis and maintenance of tinnitus symptomatology highlight maladaptive cerebral plasticity induced by peripheral hearing loss. Although not fully elucidated, these changes in neuronal activity are the target of various attempts at neuromodulation, particularly using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which has been the focus of various clinical studies and meta-analyses...
February 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279726/hearing-aids-indications-technology-adaptation-and-quality-control
#17
REVIEW
Ulrich Hoppe, Gerhard Hesse
Hearing loss can be caused by a number of different pathological conditions. Some of them can be successfully treated, mainly by surgery, depending on the individual's disease process. However, the treatment of chronic sensorineural hearing loss with damaged cochlear structures usually needs hearing rehabilitation by means of technical amplification. During the last two decades tremendous improvements in hearing aid technology led to a higher quality of the hearing rehabilitation process. For example, due to sophisticated signal processing acoustic feedback could be reduced and hence open fitting options are available even for more subjects with higher degrees of hearing loss...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248017/an-analysis-of-true-and-false-positive-results-of-vocal-fold-uptake-in-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-imaging
#18
N Seymour, G Burkill, M Harries
OBJECTIVES: Positron emission tomography-computed tomography with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose has a major role in the investigation of head and neck cancers. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose is not a tumour-specific tracer and can also accumulate in benign pathology. Therefore, positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan interpretation difficulties are common in the head and neck, which can produce false-positive results. This study aimed to investigate patients detected as having abnormal vocal fold uptake on fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography...
March 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242052/endoscopic-and-phoniatric-evaluation-in-singing-students
#19
Andrea Nacci, Giovanna Baracca, Salvatore Osvaldo Romeo, Maria Denise Cavaliere, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Stefano Berrettini, Francesco Ursino, Bruno Fattori
OBJECTIVES: In To analyze laryngostroboscopic findings and ENT/phoniatric examination results in a group of singing students and in a control group of non-singing subjects to emphasize the importance of ENT/phoniatric examination and of laryngostroboscopy before taking up singing. METHODS: 56 singing students and 60 healthy euphonic non-singer volunteers were recruited. In each subject a perceptual assessment and a self-assessment (VHI) of the voice were performed...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166865/king-s-health-partners-prostate-cancer-biobank-khp-pcabb
#20
S R Saifuddin, W Devlies, A Santaolalla, F Cahill, G George, D Enting, S Rudman, P Cathcart, B Challacombe, P Dasgupta, C Galustian, A Chandra, S Chowdhury, C Gillett, M Van Hemelrijck
The KHP PCaBB was established in 2013 and recruits donors from the Urology or Oncology Departments at Guy's Hospital in London (UK). Prostate cancer patients may be approached to give their consent for biobanking at any point in their treatment pathway, which allows residual material from their earlier diagnosis to be transferred and used by the Biobank. Currently, patients are specifically asked to donate samples of blood and surplus prostate tissue as well as permitting access to their clinical and pathological data that continues to be added throughout the course of their disease...
November 22, 2017: BMC Cancer
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