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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329966/-overview-of-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-in-brazzaville-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#1
E L P Bemba, A R Ouedraogo, G C Ngouoni, R G Bopaka, P P Koumeka, K B Ossale Abacka, J Mboussa
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the leading sleep-related breathing disorder. Its complications and its repercussions on the quality of life of patients make the OSAS a real public health problem. The objective of this study is to both asses physicians knowledge of OSAS and describe their attitudes towards suspect subjects in Brazzaville. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of 230 doctors practicing in various hospitals in the city of Brazzaville...
January 9, 2018: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287622/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-and-subjective-tinnitus-a-review-of-the-literature-2014-2016
#2
A Londero, P Bonfils, J P Lefaucheur
Subjective tinnitus is a symptom in many ENT pathologies, for which there is no curative treatment. It may be poorly tolerated by some patients, who develop attention or sleep disorder or even major anxiety and depression, severely impairing quality of life. Pathophysiological models of the genesis and maintenance of tinnitus symptomatology highlight maladaptive cerebral plasticity induced by peripheral hearing loss. Although not fully elucidated, these changes in neuronal activity are the target of various attempts at neuromodulation, particularly using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which has been the focus of various clinical studies and meta-analyses...
December 26, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279726/hearing-aids-indications-technology-adaptation-and-quality-control
#3
REVIEW
Ulrich Hoppe, Gerhard Hesse
Hearing loss can be caused by a number of different pathological conditions. Some of them can be successfully treated, mainly by surgery, depending on the individual's disease process. However, the treatment of chronic sensorineural hearing loss with damaged cochlear structures usually needs hearing rehabilitation by means of technical amplification. During the last two decades tremendous improvements in hearing aid technology led to a higher quality of the hearing rehabilitation process. For example, due to sophisticated signal processing acoustic feedback could be reduced and hence open fitting options are available even for more subjects with higher degrees of hearing loss...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248017/an-analysis-of-true-and-false-positive-results-of-vocal-fold-uptake-in-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-imaging
#4
N Seymour, G Burkill, M Harries
OBJECTIVES: Positron emission tomography-computed tomography with fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose has a major role in the investigation of head and neck cancers. Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose is not a tumour-specific tracer and can also accumulate in benign pathology. Therefore, positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan interpretation difficulties are common in the head and neck, which can produce false-positive results. This study aimed to investigate patients detected as having abnormal vocal fold uptake on fluorine-18 fluorodeoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242052/endoscopic-and-phoniatric-evaluation-in-singing-students
#5
Andrea Nacci, Giovanna Baracca, Salvatore Osvaldo Romeo, Maria Denise Cavaliere, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Stefano Berrettini, Francesco Ursino, Bruno Fattori
OBJECTIVES: In To analyze laryngostroboscopic findings and ENT/phoniatric examination results in a group of singing students and in a control group of non-singing subjects to emphasize the importance of ENT/phoniatric examination and of laryngostroboscopy before taking up singing. METHODS: 56 singing students and 60 healthy euphonic non-singer volunteers were recruited. In each subject a perceptual assessment and a self-assessment (VHI) of the voice were performed...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166865/king-s-health-partners-prostate-cancer-biobank-khp-pcabb
#6
S R Saifuddin, W Devlies, A Santaolalla, F Cahill, G George, D Enting, S Rudman, P Cathcart, B Challacombe, P Dasgupta, C Galustian, A Chandra, S Chowdhury, C Gillett, M Van Hemelrijck
The KHP PCaBB was established in 2013 and recruits donors from the Urology or Oncology Departments at Guy's Hospital in London (UK). Prostate cancer patients may be approached to give their consent for biobanking at any point in their treatment pathway, which allows residual material from their earlier diagnosis to be transferred and used by the Biobank. Currently, patients are specifically asked to donate samples of blood and surplus prostate tissue as well as permitting access to their clinical and pathological data that continues to be added throughout the course of their disease...
November 22, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122557/-maternal-deaths-due-to-anesthesia-complications-results-from-the-french-confidential-enquiry-into-maternal-deaths-2010-2012
#7
D Chassard
Over the period 2010-2012, maternal mortality linked to anesthesia accounted for 2% of maternal deaths, with no significant change since 2007-2009. Of the 7 maternal deaths analyzed by the expert committee, anesthetic complications were in 5 cases the main cause of death: 4 attributed to direct causes related to anesthetic procedures during childbirth and 1 to indirect cause in connection with an ENT complication during pregnancy. The anesthetic causes of maternal mortality were for the 2010-2012 period: cardiac arrest under spinal anesthesia during caesarean section, local anesthetic intoxication with unsuccessful resuscitation after cardiac arrest without intralipid administration, acute respiratory distress syndrome in the postpartum period after pulmonary aspiration during caesarean section, cardiac arrest during caesarean section under general anesthesia in a context of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with mediastinal syndrome, unsuccessful endotracheal intubation in a context of cellulitis of the oral cavity floor...
November 6, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121436/association-of-dental-and-maxillary-sinus-pathologies-with-ear-nose-and-throat-symptoms
#8
Rachel Horwitz Berkun, David Polak, Lior Shapira, Ron Eliashar
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the correlation between cone beam computerized tomography (CBCT) findings in the maxillary sinus, Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) symptoms and dental pathologies in asymptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 81 patients were referred for CBCT and filled a standard ENT visual analog scale (VAS) questionnaire. CBCT images were analyzed for sinus ostium obstruction, Schneiderian membrane thickening, sinus floor turbidity and the presence of polyps...
November 9, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116695/repetitive-freshwater-diving-risk-factors-and-prevalence-of-barotrauma
#9
Stefanie Jansen, Moritz Friedo Meyer, Manuela Boor, Ruth Volland, Eberhard Daniel Pracht, Heinz Dieter Klünter, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Dirk Beutner, Maria Grosheva
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the influence of repetitive scuba diving in fresh water on the middle ear mucosa. The prevalence of middle ear barotrauma (MEB) and risk factors for MEB were evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study, Level of evidence 1b. METHODS: During three days, 23 divers made 144 repetitive dives in a freshwater lake. Participants underwent otoscopic examinations and were questioned about ENT-related complaints in the morning before the first dive, in between the dives and after the last dive...
2017: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097033/-the-tumors-of-the-ear
#10
X Dubernard, J-C Kleiber, E Brenet, M-A Louges, Y Veleine, M Labrousse, M Makeieff, A Bazin, A Chays
Any cutaneous lesion of the outer ear must be managed jointly by a dermatologist and an ENT, regardless of the age of the patient. The presence of a malignant cutaneous carcinoma (Squamous cell carcinoma or melanoma) of the pavilion requires a minimum extension assessment by a cervical ultrasound, CT-scan and MRI will be prescribed according to the degree of infiltration and the presence of clinics signs (lymphadenopathy, facial paralysis, cognitive impairment). A polyp of the external auditory meatus must be systematically biopsied in consultation and, if necessary, in the operating room with fresh anatomopathological analysis...
October 30, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072655/-the-specific-features-of-the-clinical-course-of-acute-suppurative-otitis-media-of-viral-and-mixed-viral-bacterial-etiology-in-the-children-of-the-preschool-age
#11
E Yu Radtsig, O V Bugaichuk
The objective of the present study was to elucidate the spectrum of the pathogenic agents responsible for the development of acute suppurative otitis media in the children of the preschool age and to reveal the specific clinical features of this disease depending on its etiological factors. The study involved 138 patients (186 ears) of either sex at the age from 1 year to 84 months who presented with acute suppurative otitis media. The following methods were employed for the purpose of the study: analysis of the patients' complaints and the past medical histories, examination of the ENT organs, microbiological (bacteriological and virological) studies of secretion from the tympanic cavity, diagnostic endoscopy of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx, laboratory investigations...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066955/reducing-extracellular-ca-2-induces-adenosine-release-via-equilibrative-nucleoside-transporters-to-provide-negative-feedback-control-of-activity-in-the-hippocampus
#12
Rebecca Diez, Magnus J E Richardson, Mark J Wall
Neural circuit activity increases the release of the purine neuromodulator adenosine into the extracellular space leading to A1 receptor activation and negative feedback via membrane hyperpolarization and inhibition of transmitter release. Adenosine can be released by a number of different mechanisms that include Ca(2+) dependent processes such as the exocytosis of ATP. During sustained pathological network activity, ischemia and hypoxia the extracellular concentration of calcium ions (Ca(2+)) markedly falls, inhibiting exocytosis and potentially reducing adenosine release...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040487/pedunculated-liposarcoma-of-the-esophagus
#13
G B Salis, J C Albertengo, M Bruno, G Palau, R González Villaveirán, D Lombardo, V Villafañe, C Zorraquín, M Ghigliani
Polypoid tumours of the esophagus present diagnostic and therapeutic problems. Liposarcomas are infrequent among them. We report a recent case. A 73-year-old male patient was seen in May 1995 in the Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Clinica Modelo de Morón, with intermittent dysphagia and dyspnoea due to recurrent vomiting. A laryngeal lineal tomography showed a subglottic obstruction due to extrinsic compression. The patient was referred to the Gastroenterology Department, where an upper gastrointestinal (upper GI) series demonstrated mega-esophagus with abundant retained food...
November 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018891/-depression-and-anxiety-prevalence-among-ent%C3%A2-outpatients
#14
D Kleemann, A Kresin, H Kleemann
BACKGROUND: Few data exist on the prevalence of comorbid mental disorders among ENT patients. This investigation aimed to assess the prevalence of two disorders frequent in our society, namely depression and anxiety, in patients of an ENT outpatient clinic. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 2‑week period, 101 consecutive patients were interviewed with the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI II) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) screening aids. RESULTS: Of 97 evaluated tests, 38% contained indications of a psychiatric problem or mental comorbidity...
October 10, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952361/implementation-of-an-extended-scope-of-practice-speech-language-pathology-allied-health-practitioner-service-an-evaluation-of-service-impacts-and-outcomes
#15
Marnie Seabrook, Maria Schwarz, Elizabeth C Ward, Bernard Whitfield
PURPOSE: Extended scope of practice roles can address health service challenges and enhance patient services; however there has been limited research of extended scope roles in the discipline of speech-language pathology (SLP). The aim of this study was to examine the clinical outcomes and service impacts of a Speech-Language Pathology Allied Health Practitioner (SLP AHP) led dysphagia and dysphonia service within an Integrated Specialist Ear Nose and Throat (ENT) Service. METHOD: Low risk referrals were triaged by ENT from the waiting list into the SLP AHP dysphagia and dysphonia clinic...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841891/peculiarities-of-situational-and-personal-anxiety-degree-in-the-schoolchildren-with-ent-chronic-diseases
#16
Marine Mardiyan, Siranush Mkrtchyan, Artur Shukuryan, Armine Chopikyan, Razmik Dunamalyan, Lusine Danielyan
BACKGROUND: A number of the QL researches in case of different pathologies are being increased during the last decade. The existing traditional research methods provide mostly arbitrary data on the disease and its treatment, which are not sufficient for the schoolchildren overall psychological and social adaptation and wellness evaluation. METHODS: The research object became schoolchildren of 3 randomly selected schools in Yerevan. 443 monitoring units formed the selection population...
August 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839865/transnasal-endoscopy-no-gagging-no-panic
#17
Clare Parker, Estratios Alexandridis, John Plevris, James O'Hara, Simon Panter
BACKGROUND: Transnasal endoscopy (TNE) is performed with an ultrathin scope via the nasal passages and is increasingly used. This review covers the technical characteristics, tolerability, safety and acceptability of TNE and also diagnostic accuracy, use as a screening tool and therapeutic applications. It includes practical advice from an ear, nose, throat (ENT) specialist to optimise TNE practice, identify ENT pathology and manage complications. METHODS: A Medline search was performed using the terms "transnasal", "ultrathin", "small calibre", "endoscopy", "EGD" to identify relevant literature...
October 2016: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826665/the-carcinologic-handicap-index-chi-a-disability-self-assessment-questionnaire-for-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#18
M Balaguer, J Percodani, V Woisard
INTRODUCTION: The present prospective study sought to draw up and validate a self-assessment questionnaire for disability following head and neck cancer treatment. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The Carcinologic Handicap Index (CHI) was designed empirically based on the Voice Handicap Index. It comprises 9 dimensions, self-assessed by the patient: pain, swallowing, feeding, respiration, phonation, hearing, vision, olfaction-gustation, and psychosocial. For each dimension, 4 items are scored in terms of frequency, providing dimension and global scores...
August 18, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815026/the-diagnostic-value-of-24-hour-ambulatory-intraesophageal-ph-impedance-in-patients-with-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-symptoms-comparable-with-typical-symptoms
#19
Yusuf S Sakin, Rukiye Vardar, Baha Sezgin, Zeynep Erdogan Cetin, Yasemin Alev, Esra Yildirim, Tayfun Kirazli, Serhat Bor
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux is currently based on a combination of the patient history of multichannel intraluminal impedance and ambulatory pH (MII-pH); however, none of these findings alone is specific for the diagnosis of laryngopharyngeal reflux. We aimed to compare the baseline characteristics and esophageal baseline impedance values between patients with and without laryngopharyngeal reflux symptoms. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from two groups of patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux according to their reflux finding score (RFS) as scored by ENTs...
August 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736916/hyaluronate-effect-on-bacterial-biofilm-in-ent-district-infections-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Alberto Vito Marcuzzo, Margherita Tofanelli, Francesca Boscolo Nata, Annalisa Gatto, Giancarlo Tirelli
Bacterial resistance is a growing phenomenon which led the scientific community to search for new therapeutic targets, such as biofilm. A bacterial biofilm is a surface-associated agglomerate of microorganisms embedded in a self-produced extracellular polymeric matrix made of polysaccharides, nucleic acids, and proteins. Scientific literature offers several reports on a biofilm's role in infections regarding various body districts. The presence of a bacterial biofilm is responsible for poor efficacy of antibiotic therapies along with bacterial infections in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) districts such as the oral cavity, ear, nasal cavities, and nasal sinuses...
September 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
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