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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168946/using-an-electronic-assessment-system-for-nursing-students-on-placements
#1
Julie Smith, Walter Cambers
Electronic assessment is gaining popularity in clinically based elements of pre-registration nurse education. In this study, the authors explored student nurse and mentor experiences during transition from a paper to an electronic system. Mixed research methods used included survey questionnaires and focus groups. Student nurses and their mentors (both n=5) discussed and rated their confidence and skills in information technology and their experience of an electronic assessment document before and after two successive clinical placements...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168610/rural-placement-experiences-in-dental-education-and-the-impact-on-professional-intentions-and-employment-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
G Johnson, F C Wright, K Foster, A Blinkhorn
CONTEXT/INTRODUCTION: The availability of clinical dental services in rural locations is a major concern for many countries as dental care professionals gravitate to work in metropolitan areas. This systematic review examines the literature on Rural Placement Programs within dentistry and their impact on workforce intentions and employment outcomes. The review provides a detailed analysis of the methodological characteristics of the literature, considers the quality of the evidence and compares the outcomes within an international context...
November 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168313/children-with-blindness-major-causes-developmental-outcomes-and-implications-for-habilitation-and-educational-support-a-two-decade-swedish-population-based-study
#3
Kim de Verdier, Ek Ulla, Stefan Löfgren, Elisabeth Fernell
PURPOSE: The aim was to describe the population of children with congenital or early infancy blindness in Sweden, with regard to causes of blindness and prevalence of neurodevelopmental impairments. METHODS: Medical, psychological and pedagogical records of Swedish children with congenital or early infancy blindness (total blindness or light perception at the most) born in 1988-2008 were analysed regarding year of birth, gender, cause of blindness, gestational age, associated neurological disorders/syndromes, associated neurodevelopmental impairments, cognitive level and type of school placement...
November 23, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167995/ultrasound-guided-placement-of-ventricular-catheters-in-first-time-pediatric-vp-shunt-surgery
#4
Marcel Kullmann, Marina Khachatryan, Martin Ulrich Schuhmann
PURPOSE: Ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunts are effective for treatment of hydrocephalus in all age groups; however, they are associated with complications, a common one being ventricular catheter (VC) obstruction. VC position is likely to influence VC survival; however, most VCs are positioned freehand without guidance. This paper describes the accuracy of ultrasound guidance for VC placement and the impact of tip location on VC occlusion rate. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of hydrocephalic children with first-time VP shunt and ultrasound-guided VC placement...
November 22, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167974/long-term-outcome-of-vaginal-mesh-or-native-tissue-in-recurrent-prolapse-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Alfredo L Milani, Anne Damoiseaux, Joanna IntHout, Kirsten B Kluivers, Mariella I J Withagen
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to evaluate clinically relevant long-term outcomes of transvaginal mesh or native tissue repair in women with recurrent pelvic organ prolapse (POP). METHODS: We performed a 7-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial on trocar-guided mesh placement or native tissue repair in women with recurrent POP. Primary outcome was composite success, defined as absence of POP beyond the hymen, absence of bulge symptoms, and absence of retreatment for POP...
November 22, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167910/easy-to-learn-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-programme-a-randomised-controlled-trial-on-laypeople-s-resuscitation-performance
#6
Rachel Jia Min Ko, Swee Han Lim, Vivien Xi Wu, Tak Yam Leong, Sok Ying Liaw
INTRODUCTION: Simplifying the learning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is advocated to improve skill acquisition and retention. A simplified CPR training programme focusing on continuous chest compression, with a simple landmark tracing technique, was introduced to laypeople. The study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the simplified CPR training in improving lay rescuers' CPR performance as compared to standard CPR. METHODS: 85 laypeople (aged 21-60 years) were recruited and randomly assigned to undertake either a two-hour simplified CPR training or standard CPR training...
November 13, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167715/quality-of-the-calcium-enriched-mixture-apical-plug-in-simulated-apexification-model-effect-of-different-mixing-and-placement-methods
#7
Saeed Rahimi, Negin Ghasemi, Tahmineh Razi, Akbar Rezaiepour
Background: Presence of voids at root canal wall‒apical seal material interface gives rise to the entrapment of toxins and microorganisms, which might have a relationship with post treatment disease. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of different mixing (manual and ultrasonic) and placement (manual and manual in association with indirect ultrasonic) methods of Calcium-enriched Mixture (CEM) cement on the number and dimensions of voids in the apical plug in simulated apexification models...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167711/the-effect-of-pre-cure-bracket-movement-on-shear-bond-strength-during-placement-of-orthodontic-brackets-an-in-vitro-study
#8
Byron Tam, Prashanti Bollu, Kishore Chaudhry, Karthikeyan Subramani
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of linear and rotational pre-cure bracket displacement during the bonding procedure on shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets. Material and Methods: Stainless steel orthodontic premolar brackets were bonded to the buccal surfaces of 50 human pre-molars with a conventional two-step bonding protocol. Extracted human pre-molars were divided into 5 groups (n=10/group). In the Control Group, the brackets were bonded with no pre-cure bracket displacement or rotation...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167682/root-morphology-of-the-maxillary-first-and-second-molars-in-an-iranian-population-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#9
Zahra Ghoncheh, Behrang Moghaddam Zade, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: This study sought to assess the root morphology and root canal anatomy of the maxillary first and second molars in an Iranian population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: Sound fully-developed maxillary first (n=345) and second (n=423) molars were evaluated on 450 CBCT scans ordered for pre-operative assessment for implant placement. The (I) number of roots and their morphology (II) number of canals per root, (III) canal configuration and presence of a second mesiobuccal canal according to the Vertucci's classification and (IV) unilateral or bilateral occurrence of a second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) were evaluated...
May 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167615/vocal-cord-paralysis-and-laryngeal-trauma-in-cardiac-surgery
#10
Yung-Yuan Chen, Yeo-Yee Chia, Pa-Chun Wang, Hsiu-Yen Lin, Chiu-Ling Tsai, Shaw-Min Hou
Background: Cardiac surgery - associated iatrogenic laryngeal trauma is often overlooked. We investigated the risk factors of vocal cord paralysis in cardiac surgery. Methods: Medical records were reviewed from 169 patients who underwent elective or emergency cardiac surgeries. Patients had transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) placed either under video fiberscopic image guidance (guided group) or blind placement (blind group). Routine postoperative otolaryngologist consultation with video laryngoscopic recording were performed...
November 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167081/randomized-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-leg-crossing-and-muscle-tensing-technique-on-decreasing-vasovagal-symptoms-among-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients-undergoing-peripheral-iv-catheter-insertion
#11
Laura McIntyre-Patton, Shannon Wanderski, Deb Graef, Laura Woessner, Rachel Baker
Peripheral intravenous (PIV) catheter insertion is a common procedure that can cause vasovagal symptoms. Lower extremity muscle tensing techniques decrease these symptoms in adults. However, there are no studies examining this technique in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether pediatric patients are able to perform the technique and to determine the effects of this technique on vasovagal symptoms in a pediatric population. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was conducted with 28 patients cared for in a pediatric surgery unit...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166912/neurofilament-distribution-in-the-superior-labrum-and-the-long-head-of-the-biceps-tendon
#12
Sandra Boesmueller, Antal Nógrádi, Patrick Heimel, Christian Albrecht, Sylvia Nürnberger, Heinz Redl, Christian Fialka, Rainer Mittermayr
BACKGROUND: The postoperative course after arthroscopic superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) repair using suture anchors is accompanied by a prolonged period of pain, which might be caused by constriction of nerve fibres. The purpose was to histologically investigate the distribution of neurofilament in the superior labrum and the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT), i.e. the location of type II SLAP lesions. METHODS: Ten LHBTs including the superior labrum were dissected from fresh human specimen and immunohistochemically stained against neurofilament (NF)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166543/transcatheter-or-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-advanced-kidney-disease-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#13
Rajkumar Doshi, Jay Shah, Vaibhav Patel, Varun Jauhar, Perwaiz Meraj
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is an alternative for surgically inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis. Advanced kidney disease may significantly affect outcomes in patients treated with TAVR and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). HYPOTHESIS: TAVR is associated with better in-hospital outcomes compared with SAVR in patients with advanced kidney disease. METHODS: We identified our sample from the National Inpatient Sample between 2012 and 2014, using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166536/clinical-investigation-of-left-ventricular-pacing-using-coronary-sinus-in-patients-with-mechanical-prosthetic-tricuspid-valve-replacement
#14
Kelan Zha, Kaijun Cui, Xingbin Liu, Yuan Fang
BACKGROUND: Although transvenous right ventricular (RV) endocardial lead placement is routine practice in clinical pacing, RV inaccessibility in certain clinical situations mandates the search for other sites. HYPOTHESIS: This study is aimed to verify whether left ventricular lead through coronary sinus is safe and efficient. METHODS: Based on a retrospective analysis of a single-center series of 4 patients with inaccessibility for RV pacing, we report on the feasibility and reliability of coronary sinus (CS) pacing via left ventricular (LV) lead, which usually is used in cardiac resynchronization therapy...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166406/revised-geochronology-correlation-and-dinosaur-stratigraphic-ranges-of-the-santonian-maastrichtian-late-cretaceous-formations-of-the-western-interior-of-north-america
#15
Denver Warwick Fowler
Interbasinal stratigraphic correlation provides the foundation for all consequent continental-scale geological and paleontological analyses. Correlation requires synthesis of lithostratigraphic, biostratigraphic and geochronologic data, and must be periodically updated to accord with advances in dating techniques, changing standards for radiometric dates, new stratigraphic concepts, hypotheses, fossil specimens, and field data. Outdated or incorrect correlation exposes geological and paleontological analyses to potential error...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166377/the-effect-of-body-position-on-esophageal-reflexes-in-cats-a-possible-mechanism-of-sids
#16
Ivan M Lang, Bidyut K Medda, Reza Shaker, Sudarshan Jadcherla
BACKGROUND: It has been hypothesized that life threatening events are caused by supra-esophageal reflux (SER) of gastric contents which activates laryngeal chemoreflex-stimulated apnea. Placing infants supine decreases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The aim of this study was to determine whether body position affects esophageal reflexes that control SER. METHODS: We instrumented the pharyngeal and esophageal muscles of decerebrate cats (N=14) to record EMG or manometry, and investigated the effects of body position on the esophago-upper esophageal sphincter (UES) contractile reflex (EUCR), esophago-UES relaxation reflex (EURR), esophagus-stimulated pharyngeal swallow response (EPSR), secondary peristalsis (SP), and pharyngeal swallow (PS)...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166361/the-impact-of-hepatectomy-time-of-the-liver-graft-on-post-transplant-outcome-a-eurotransplant-cohort-study
#17
Ina Jochmans, Steffen Fieuws, Ineke Tieken, Undine Samuel, Jacques Pirenne
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effect of donor hepatectomy time on outcome after transplantation. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: When blood supply in a deceased organ donor stops, ischemic injury starts. Livers are cooled to reduce cellular metabolism and minimize ischemic injury. This cooling is slow and livers are lukewarm during hepatectomy, potentially affecting outcome. METHODS: We used the Eurotransplant Registry to investigate the relationship between donor hepatectomy time and post-transplant outcome in 12,974 recipients of deceased-donor livers (January 1, 2004, to December 31, 2013)...
November 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166344/two-stage-prosthetic-breast-reconstruction-a-comparison-between-prepectoral-and-partial-subpectoral-techniques
#18
Maurice Y Nahabedian, Costanza Cocilovo
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic breast reconstruction with prepectoral placement may confer clinical advantages compared with subpectoral placement. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare clinical outcomes following 2-stage reconstruction following prepectoral and partial subpectoral placement of tissue expanders and implants. METHODS: A retrospective review of 39 (prepectoral) and 50 (partial subpectoral) patients was completed. Acellular dermal matrix was used in all patients...
December 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166317/electroconvulsive-therapy-in-the-czech-republic
#19
Lucie Kalisova, Katerina Madlova, Jakub Albrecht, Jiri Michalec, Marketa Kubinova, Jiri Raboch
OBJECTIVES: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective in the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders. Electroconvulsive therapy is applied to almost 1 million patients every year around the world. The aim of this study was to monitor the use of ECT in psychiatric facilities for adults in the Czech Republic (CR) in 2014 and to describe the national practice. METHODS: A 14-item questionnaire was sent to all Czech inpatient psychiatric facilities that provide ECT, with the aim of getting a detailed picture of the use of ECT in the CR...
November 21, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166295/nursing-care-of-infants-with-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt
#20
Rachel A Joseph, Michaela R Killian, Emily E Brady
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital or posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus may require a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt to divert the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, thus preventing increase in intracranial pressure. Knowledge on various aspects of caring for a child with a VP shunt will enable new and experienced nurses to better care for these infants and equip parents for ongoing care at home. PURPOSE: To review the nurses' role in care of infants with hydrocephalus, care after VP shunt placement, prevention of complications, and parental preparation for home care...
November 20, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
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