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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351055/comparison-of-the-induction-to-delivery-interval-in-terminations-of-pregnancy-with-or-without-dilapan-s%C3%A2
#1
Marie Vincienne, Olivia Anselem, Anne Gaelle Cordier, Camille Le Ray, Vassilis Tsatsaris, Alexandra Benachi, François Goffinet
OBJECTIVE: In France, terminations of pregnancy (TOP) for medical reasons beyond the second trimester use mifepristone and misoprostol. We sought to determine the effectiveness of Dilapan-S®, an osmotic cervical dilator, in shortening the induction-to-delivery interval (IDI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study of TOP in 2010-2012 compared the results from 2 hospitals with different TOP protocols starting at 16 weeks' gestation, one (164 women) with and one (106) without Dilapan-S®...
March 29, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350743/home-based-drainage-of-refractory-ascites-by-a-permanent-tunneled-peritoneal-catheter-can-safely-replace-large-volume-paracentesis
#2
Philipp Solbach, Christoph Höner Zu Siederdissen, Richard Taubert, Szilvia Ziegert, Kerstin Port, Andrea Schneider, Katja Hueper, Michael P Manns, Heiner Wedemeyer, Elmar Jaeckel
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Refractory ascites has a poor prognosis. Recurrent large-volume paracentesis is the current standard of care; however, it results in circulatory dysfunction and renal dysfunction, and hospitalization is commonly required. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement is not an option in a substantial number of patients because of contraindications. The placement of a tunneled peritoneal drainage catheter has been shown to be effective in patients with malignant ascites...
May 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350712/effect-of-knee-joint-angle-and-contraction-intensity-on-hamstrings-coactivation
#3
Rui Wu, Eamonn Delahunt, Massimiliano Ditroilo, Madeleine Lowery, Giuseppe De Vito
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of knee joint angle and contraction intensity on the co-activation of the hamstring muscles (when acting as antagonists to the quadriceps) in young and older individuals of both sexes. METHODS: 25 young (24 ± 2.6 years) and 26 older (70 ± 2.5 years) healthy men and women participated. Maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) of the knee extensors (KE) and flexors was assessed at two knee joint angles (90° and 60°, 0° = full extension)...
March 27, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350556/resorbable-plates-prevent-regression-in-pediatric-mandibular-distraction-osteogenesis
#4
Brandon Kikuo Richland, Christopher Ellstrom, Asim Ahmad, Daniel Jaffurs
BACKGROUND: Mandibular distraction osteogenesis is an important technique to correct the pediatric hypoplastic mandible. Regression of the mandible after distraction continues to be a challenge, with some studies reporting up to 22% to 56% decrease toward predistraction length in the first year. We hypothesize that a resorbable plate placed after removal of the distractor will provide additional stability to newly formed bone, allowing further time for consolidation and minimizing regression...
March 27, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350468/3d-proton-beam-writing-of-optically-active-coherent-vacancy-spins-in-silicon-carbide
#5
Hannes Kraus, Dmitrij Simin, Christian Kasper, Yoshinori Suda, Shunsuke Kawabata, Wataru Kada, Tomoya Honda, Yasuto Hijikata, Takeshi Ohshima, Vladimir Dyakonov, Georgy V Astakhov
Constructing quantum devices comprises various challenging tasks, especially when concerning their nanoscale geometry. For quantum color centers, the traditional approach is to fabricate the device structure after the non-deterministic placement of the centers. Reversing this approach, we present the controlled generation of quantum centers in silicon carbide (SiC) by focused proton beam in a non-complex manner without need for pre- or post-irradiation treatment. The generation depth and resolution can be predicted by matching the proton energy to the material's stopping power, and the amount of quantum centers at one specific sample volume is tuneable from ensembles of millions to discernible single photon emitters...
March 28, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350434/stepwise-synthesis-of-metal-organic-frameworks
#6
Mathieu Bosch, Shuai Yuan, William Rutledge, Hong-Cai Zhou
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a category of porous materials that offer unparalleled control over their surface areas (demonstrated as higher than for any other material), pore characteristics, and functionalization. This allows them to be customized for exceptional performance in a wide variety of applications, most commonly including gas storage and separation, drug delivery, luminescence, or heterogeneous catalysis. In order to optimize biomimicry, controlled separations and storage of small molecules, and detailed testing of structure-property relationships, one major goal of MOF research is "rational design" or "pore engineering", or precise control of the placement of multiple functional groups in pores of chosen sizes and shapes...
March 28, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345980/palliative-care-nursing-for-patients-with-neurological-diseases-what-makes-the-difference
#7
Anna Dieplinger, Firuzan Sari Kundt, Stefan Lorenzl
Neurodegenerative diseases progress slowly, creating increasing physical disability with unpredictable disease trajectories. The disease's life-threatening nature often places these patients in palliative care. There are several factors that complicate the care of patients with neurodegenerative diseases in palliative care units. Owing to physical impairments, there are many communication barriers between patients and staff. Nurses are not able to duplicate the patient's meticulous daily routine leading to caregiver mistrust in the nurse's competencies...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345516/a-case-of-bilateral-megaducts-diagnostic-and-treatment-methods
#8
L Vatin, J M Foletti, C Collet, A Varoquaux, C Chossegros
INTRODUCTION: The pathology of the saliva glands comprises both tumoral and obstructive disorders. The latter include lithiasis, stenosis and megaduct. In this paper, we describe a clinical case of bilateral megaduct, a rare pathology, using sialo-MRI imaging and a conservative diagnostic-cum-therapeutic technique, sialendoscopy with dilation followed by catheterization. CLINICAL CASE: Our female patient presented oversized parotids with an unsightly deformation of the face (parotid ducts visible beneath the skin) and itchy cheeks, from which she had suffered for several years...
February 17, 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344947/factors-associated-with-odontogenic-bacteraemia-in-orthodontic-patients
#9
O D Umeh, O O Sanu, I L Utomi, F O Nwaokorie
BACKGROUND: Various researches have investigated factors associated with the prevalence and intensity of bacteraemia following oral procedures including orthodontic procedures. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of age, gender, plaque and gingival indices on the occurrence of odontogenic bacteraemia following orthodontic treatment procedures. SETTING: Orthodontic Clinic, Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Lagos, Nigeria...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344917/fatal-complications-after-pediatric-surgical-interventions-lessons-learned
#10
Willemijn M Klein, Mayke E Van der Putten, Benno Kusters, Bas H Verhoeven
Placement of catheters, drains, shunts, and tubes in children can lead to serious or even fatal complications at the moment of placement, such as hemorrhage at insertion, or in the longterm, such as infections and migration into adjacent organs. The clinician should always be aware of these potential complications, especially if the child is unwell. For postmortem diagnostic evaluation, either with a computed tomography scan or an invasive autopsy, all tubes, drains, shunts, and/or catheters should be left in situ...
January 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344913/indoor-localisation-through-object-detection-within-multiple-environments-utilising-a-single-wearable-camera
#11
Colin Shewell, Chris Nugent, Mark Donnelly, Haiying Wang, Macarena Espinilla
The recent growth in the wearable sensor market has stimulated new opportunities within the domain of Ambient Assisted Living, providing unique methods of collecting occupant information. This approach leverages contemporary wearable technology, Google Glass, to facilitate a unique first-person view of the occupants immediate environment. Machine vision techniques are employed to determine an occupant's location via environmental object detection. This method provides additional secondary benefits such as first person tracking within the environment and lack of required sensor interaction to determine occupant location...
2017: Health and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344792/establishment-of-over-the-scope-clips-otsc%C3%A2-in-daily-endoscopic-routine
#12
C Honegger, P V Valli, N Wiegand, P Bauerfeind, C Gubler
BACKGROUND: Alongside the evolution of interventional endoscopy, the need for a more sophisticated closure tool tailored to the treatment of new challenging indications has been increasing rapidly. METHODS: We here present our collected data on 262 Over-The-Scope-Clip (OTSC®) placements in a total of 233 interventions at our institution. Follow-up was focused on clinically lasting success with regards to different indications. RESULTS: Immediate success of OTSC® treatment was observed in 87...
March 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344184/arteriovenous-hybrid-graft-with-outflow-in-the-proximal-axillary-vein
#13
Allen G Murga, Jason Chiriano, Sharon C Kiang, Sheela Patel, Christian Bianchi, Ahmed M Abou-Zamzam, Theodore H Teruya
INTRODUCTION: The patency of long-term hemodialysis access in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients remains a significant challenge. Often these patients are affected with limited venous outflow options, requiring limb abandonment and creation of new access in the contralateral arm. Vascular surgeons are familiar with the exposure of the proximal axillary artery via an infraclavicular incision. The axillary vein is easily exposed through this technique. The use of the hybrid Gore graft can make the venous anastomosis easier...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343928/endodontics-endodontic-retreatment-and-apical-surgery-versus-tooth-extraction-and-implant-placement-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Anna Chércoles-Ruiz, Alba Sánchez-Torres, Cosme Gay-Escoda
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to answer the following clinical question: Which is the best treatment option for a pulpally involved tooth? METHODS: An electronic search was conducted in the Cochrane, PubMed (MEDLINE), and ScienceDirect databases between December 2015 and February 2016. A manual search was also performed. The inclusion criteria were randomized clinical trials, prospective or retrospective cohort studies, and cross-sectional studies performed on humans with at least 1 year of follow-up and published within the last 10 years...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343825/silver-coated-megaprosthesis-of-the-proximal-tibia-in-patients-with-sarcoma
#15
Jendrik Hardes, Marcel P Henrichs, Gregor Hauschild, Markus Nottrott, Wiebke Guder, Arne Streitbuerger
BACKGROUND: Proximal tibia arthroplasty is associated with high rates of infection. This study is the largest one that has compared the infection rates with titanium vs silver-coated megaprostheses in patients treated for sarcomas. METHODS: The infection rate in 98 patients with sarcoma or giant-cell tumor in the proximal tibia who underwent placement of a titanium (n = 42) or silver-coated (n = 56) megaprosthesis (MUTARS) was assessed, along with the treatments administered for any infection...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343808/an-anatomic-evaluation-of-arthroscopic-access-to-the-radial-head
#16
Jonathan D Hodax, Travis D Blood, Dominic T Kleinhenz, Megan Gorman, Alison Biercevicz, Manuel DaSilva
PURPOSE: To determine the area of the radial head accessible for visualization and screw placement from the standard anteromedial and anterolateral portals used in elbow arthroscopy. METHODS: Five cadaveric elbows were arthroscopically evaluated using standard anteromedial and anterolateral portals. Markers (pins) were placed into the accessible portions of the radial head at maximal pronation and supination. Specimens were then evaluated by computed tomography, and the arc of the radial head accessible from each portal was determined...
March 23, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343674/two-stage-implant-placement-technique-for-the-management-of-irradiated-jaws-an-animal-study
#17
Moustafa N Aboushelib, Mohamed A Arnaout, Mohamed H Elsafi, Youssef M Kassem
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Radiotherapy results in diminished bone remodeling capacity and an elevated risk of osteoradionecrosis, which can negatively influence the survival rate of dental implants. Patients receiving radiotherapy are advised not to receive dental implants during or soon after completing their radiotherapy. PURPOSE: The purpose of this animal study was to investigate a 2-stage implant placement technique designed to diminish applied trauma on irradiated bone...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343663/development-of-a-novel-technique-for-bilateral-rectus-sheath-nerve-blocks-under-laparoscopic-guidance
#18
Alessandra Landmann, Mihaela Visoiu, Marcus M Malek
BACKGROUND: Bilateral rectus sheath blocks have proven to be superior to local anesthetic infiltration for umbilical incisions and have been gaining popularity for the treatment of perioperative pain in children. We aim to develop a technique of surgeon performed rectus sheath blocks under laparoscopic-guidance alone. METHODS: In phase I, we observed the laparoscopic appearance of a rectus sheath block. The pain management team performed an ultrasound-guided rectus sheath nerve block as we visualized the posterior rectus sheath with the laparoscope...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343332/posterior-elements-disruption-with-hybrid-constructs-in-ais-patients-is-there-an-impact-on-proximal-junctional-kyphosis
#19
S Ghailane, Sebastien Pesenti, E Peltier, E Choufani, B Blondel, J L Jouve
PURPOSE: Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a frequent proximal adjacent segment disease following spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and its rate has been estimated to 28% in the literature. The etiology is multifactorial, and risk factors associated with PJK are controversial. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that the disruption of muscular and bony tissue above the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) during surgery does not increase the rate of PJK in patients undergoing posterior fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis...
March 25, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343304/geometry-calibration-between-x-ray-source-and-detector-for-tomosynthesis-with-a-portable-x-ray-system
#20
Kohei Sato, Takashi Ohnishi, Masashi Sekine, Hideaki Haneishi
PURPOSE: Tomosynthesis is attracting attention as a low-dose tomography technology compared with X-ray CT. However, conventional tomosynthesis imaging devices are large and stationary. Furthermore, there is a limitation in the working range of the X-ray source during image acquisition. We have previously proposed the use of a portable X-ray device for tomosynthesis that can be used for ward rounds and emergency medicine. The weight of this device can be reduced by using a flat panel detector (FPD), and flexibility is realized by the free placement of the X-ray source and FPD...
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
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