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Swan ganz catheter

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971032/the-pulmonary-artery-catheter-in-2008-a-finally-maturing-modality
#1
REVIEW
Stanislaw P Stawicki, Mark P Prosciak
The first description of the flow-directed pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) was published in the 1970s by Jeremy Swan and William Ganz. Ever since its clinical debut, many controversies surrounded the use of the PAC. Regardless of these controversies, the most fundamental issues surrounding this hemodynamic monitoring device remain unresolved, including the exact indications, contraindications, identification of patients who potentially benefit from this technology, and the way we interpret and use PAC-derived parameters...
July 2017: International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838512/severe-tricuspid-regurgitation-after-percutaneous-removal-of-a-swan-ganz-catheter-caught-by-suture
#2
Marco Gennari, Antonio L Bartorelli, Gianluca Polvani, Manuela Muratori, Cristina Ferrari, Eleonora Penza, Francesco G Arlati, Marco Agrifoglio
Swan-Ganz catheter entrapment in the heart, vena cava, or pulmonary artery is rare but may lead to life-threatening events. We report a case of severe tricuspid regurgitation resulting from papillary muscle rupture during percutaneous removal of a Swan-Ganz catheter (SCG) caught by a surgical suture. We performed urgent tricuspid valve repair by suturing the ruptured papillary muscle. This report highlights preventive measures to avoid suture-related entrapment and raises a word of caution regarding percutaneous removal of accidentally entrapped SCGs...
September 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825567/cardiogenic-shock-with-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-rena-shock-st
#3
Yanina Castillo Costa, Víctor M Mauro, Mauro García Aurelio, Carlos Barrero, Adrián Charask, Juan A Gagliardi
Cardiogenic shock (CS) in the setting of an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a severe complication and constitutes one of the principal causes of death associated with this condition. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical characteristics, treatment strategies and hospital outcome of CS associated with STEMI in Argentina. The Argentine Registry of Cardiogenic Shock (ReNA-Shock) was a prospective and multicenter registry of consecutive patients with CS hospitalized in 64 centers in Argentina between July 2013 and May 2015...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806628/complete-step-section-microscopic-study-of-a-swan-ganz-catheter-related-pulmonary-artery-rupture-a-frequently-lethal-complication-that-to-our-knowledge-has-not-had-a-comprehensive-microscopic-examination-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Ya Xu, L Clarke Stout
BACKGROUND: Introduced in 1970, the Swan-Ganz catheter (SGC) soon became widely used because of its unique usefulness in managing intensive care patients. Unfortunately, SGC usage was complicated by pulmonary artery rupture (PAR) with a 50% mortality rate that led to a near banning of the SCG in the late 1980s. Increasing knowledge and decreasing incidence of SGC-related PARs (SGPARs) led to the current feeling that the present SGPAR incidence is now low enough to tolerate given the lives saved by SGC usage...
July 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805112/casting-doubt-on-the-value-of-assessing-the-cardiac-index-in-pregnancy
#5
Maya Ram, Anat Lavie, Shaul Lev, Yair Blecher, Uri Amikam, Yael Shulman, Tomer Avnon, Eran Weiner, Ariel Many
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to assess the reliability of the cardiac index (CI) in healthy pregnant women at term by investigating the correlation between the cardiac output (CO) and the body surface area (BSA) using a novel non-invasive cardiography technique (NICaS™). METHODS: Sixty-one healthy, normotensive women with a singleton pregnancy at term (≥37 gestational weeks) participated in this prospective observational study between 1/2015 and 6/2015 L...
August 13, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790271/-chronic-kidney-disease-tips-and-pitfall-of-perioperative-management
#6
Satsuki Fukushima, Tomoyuki Fujita, Junjiro Kobayashi
Chronic kidney disease(CKD) is an important risk factor of open heart surgery. In addition, worsening of kidney function after the surgery leads to poor prognosis long-term. It is therefore crucial to protect the kidney function by intensive perioperative management in open heart surgery. In the patients having stage 3-4 CKD, mean arterial pressure needs to be higher than 70 mmHg and cardiac index needs to be greater than 2.4 intraoperatively and postoperatively. Continuous right heart monitoring by Swan-Ganz catheter is useful for this purpose...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758561/troubles-after-swan-ganz-catheter-placement-in-cardiac-surgery
#7
Camilla L'Acqua, Paola Suriano, Sebastiana Gregu, Valeria Mazzanti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706743/when-is-the-optimal-timing-of-surgical-intervention-for-severe-functional-tricuspid-regurgitation
#8
Nobuhiro Nakanishi, Masanobu Ishii, Koichi Kaikita, Ken Okamoto, Yasuhiro Izumiya, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Seiji Takashio, Seiji Hokimoto, Toshihiro Fukui, Kenichi Tsujita
Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a serious pathology to be noted for severe right heart failure (HF) and poor prognosis; however, the conventional assessment of TR has some limitations and the optimal timing of surgical intervention remains unclear. A 79-year-old Japanese female was admitted to our hospital to undergo cardiac surgery, because edema gradually got worse despite the increase in diuretics. She had a history of atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic HF due to severe TR and had been treated with a furosemide for leg edema 4 years ago...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600088/invasive-hemodynamics-of-pulmonary-disease-and-the-right-ventricle
#9
REVIEW
David Silber, Justine Lachmann
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) falls into 5 groups, as defined by the World Health Organization. Swan-Ganz catheters determine precapillary versus postcapillary PH. The hemodynamic values of PH at rest and with vasodilatory challenge categorize the etiology of PH and guide treatment. RV maladaptations to increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and the chronicity of the right ventricle's (RV) response to increased PH and/or increased PVR can be understood with pressure-volume (PV) loops constructed with use of conductance catheters...
July 2017: Interventional cardiology clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524032/-preoperative-risk-factors-analysis-of-pulmonary-hypertension-crisis-during-perioperative-period-for-caesarean-section-of-woman-with-severe-pulmonary-hypertension
#10
Chunlei Zhang, Yaguang Liu, Enming Qing, Jun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To analyze preoperative risk factors of perioperative pulmonary hypertension crisis (PHC) for pregnant woman with severe pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH), and approach its clinical value. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. The clinical data from 152 pregnant women with severe PAH underwent cesarean delivery admitted to Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2016 was collected. The patients were divided into two groups according to with perioperative PHC or not...
May 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479425/thrombolytic-therapy-of-acute-massive-pulmonary-embolism-using-swan-ganz-pulmonary-artery-catheter
#11
Ilse Espina, Joseph Varon, Peter H Lin
Acute massive pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with high fatality, and catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy has been shown to be an efficacious treatment for this condition. We herein report a patient who developed acute massive PE but could not undergo the conventional catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy. A Swan-Ganz pulmonary artery catheter was placed at bedside to initiate immediate thrombolytic infusion, which resulted in dramatic clinical improvement. This report underscores a potential role of thrombolytic therapy via a transjugular pulmonary artery catheter in patients with acute massive PE who could not undergo the conventional catheter-based thrombolytic intervention...
August 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406485/cardiac-hemodynamics-before-during-and-after-elective-cesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia-in-low-risk-women
#12
M Ram, A Lavie, S Lev, Y Blecher, U Amikam, Y Shulman, T Avnon, E Weiner, A Many
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe maternal central hemodynamic parameters before and during delivery as well at the early puerperium in healthy women undergoing elective cesarean section (CS) at term. STUDY DESIGN: The noninvasive Cardiac System (NICaS, NI Medical, Petah-Tikva, Israel) is a regional impedance device that measures cardiac output (CO) and its derivatives with a good correlation with the gold standard Swan-Ganz catheter. We performed a prospective longitudinal study of healthy women with a singleton pregnancy at term...
July 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390643/a-46-year-old-man-with-dyspnea-hypoxemia-and-radiographic-asymmetry-after-redo-bilateral-lung-transplantation
#13
Sofya Tokman, Michael A Smith, A Samad Hashimi, Ashraf Omar
A 46-year-old man underwent redo bilateral sequential lung transplantation for rapidly progressive bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome that developed 3.5 years after initial transplantation. In the operating room, he was sedated and intubated with a dual lumen endotracheal tube with subsequent single right-lung ventilation and left allograft implantation. His pulmonary arterial pressure became elevated with reperfusion of the newly implanted left lung, which required initiation of cardiopulmonary bypass to facilitate implantation of the right lung...
April 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268089/burden-of-arrhythmias-in-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-analysis-of-9841-hospitalizations
#14
Sagar Mallikethi-Reddy, Emmanuel Akintoye, Naveen Trehan, Shikha Sharma, Alexandros Briasoulis, Kavyashri Jagadeesh, Melvyn Rubenfire, Cindy L Grines, Luis Afonso
BACKGROUND: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Arrhythmogenic causes of death have been implicated in a significant number of patients. However, there is a dearth of systematic studies evaluating the burden of arrhythmias in PPCM. METHODS: We used the Healthcare Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample database (2007-2012) and identified 9841 hospitalizations for women aged ≥18years with a primary diagnosis of PPCM...
May 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090298/in-situ-expression-of-bcl-2-in-pulmonary-artery-endothelial-cells-associates-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-relative-to-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction
#15
Raymond L Benza, Gretchen Williams, Changgong Wu, Kelly J Shields, Amresh Raina, Srinivas Murali, Michael J Passineau
We have previously reported that pulmonary artery endothelial cells (PAECs) can be harvested from the tips of discarded Swan-Ganz catheters after right heart catheterization (RHC). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the existence of an antiapoptotic phenotype in PAECs obtained during RHC is a distinctive feature of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH; World Health Organization group 1) and might be used to differentiate PAH from other etiologies of pulmonary hypertension. Specifically, we developed a flow cytometry-based measure of Bcl-2 activity, referred to as the normalized endothelial Bcl-2 index (NEBI)...
December 2016: Pulmonary Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024552/the-swan-ganz-catheter-remains-a-critically-important-component-of-monitoring-in-cardiovascular-critical-care
#16
REVIEW
Matthew Lee, Gerard F Curley, Mary Mustard, C David Mazer
Few inventions in modern medicine have generated as passionate and extended debate as the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). Since its introduction in 1970, the PAC remains an indispensable monitor in cardiovascular critical care. Despite attempts to develop less invasive alternatives, the PAC remains unequaled as a single monitoring device capable of measuring physiological derangement in most components of the circulation, in the awake or sedated patient, with real-time feedback on the efficacy of an intervention...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785780/successful-retrieval-of-a-knotted-swan-ganz-catheter-using-interventional-approach-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#17
Xiao-Ke Shang, Yan Yan, Bin Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580106/effects-of-experimental-cardiac-volume-loading-on-left-atrial-phasic-function-in-healthy-dogs
#18
Tatsuyuki Osuga, Kensuke Nakamura, Tomoya Morita, Khoirun Nisa, Nozomu Yokoyama, Noboru Sasaki, Keitaro Morishita, Hiroshi Ohta, Mitsuyoshi Takiguchi
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the relationship between acute volume overload and left atrial phasic function in healthy dogs. ANIMALS 6 healthy Beagles. PROCEDURES Dogs were anesthetized. A Swan-Ganz catheter was placed to measure mean pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP). Cardiac preload was increased by IV infusion with lactated Ringer solution at 150 mL/kg/h for 90 minutes. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed before (baseline) and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 minutes after volume loading began. At each echocardiographic assessment point, apical 4-chamber images were recorded and analyzed to derive time-left atrial area curves...
September 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553044/impact-of-pulmonary-artery-catheter-use-on-short-and-long-term-mortality-in-patients-with-cardiogenic-shock
#19
Xavier Rossello, Montserrat Vila, Mercedes Rivas-Lasarte, Andreu Ferrero-Gregori, Jordi Sans-Roselló, Albert Duran-Cambra, Alessandro Sionis
OBJECTIVES: The impact of pulmonary artery catheterization (PAC) on survival in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) is not well established. This study aimed to assess whether Swan-Ganz catheter monitoring is related to short- and long-term mortality in patients with CS. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-nine consecutive patients with a first admission for CS were prospectively enrolled in a single-center registry between December 2005 and May 2009, and were subsequently followed up over 5...
2017: Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500319/testing-the-efficacy-of-pharmacological-agents-in-a-pericardial-target-delivery-model-in-the-swine
#20
Tinen L Iles, Brian Howard, Stephen Howard, Stephen Quallich, Christopher Rolfes, Eric Richardson, Hanna R Iaizzo, Paul A Iaizzo
To date, many pharmacological agents used to treat or prevent arrhythmias in open-heart cases create undesired systemic side effects. For example, antiarrhythmic drugs administered intravenously can produce drops in systemic pressure in the already compromised cardiac patient. While performing open-heart procedures, surgeons will often either create a small port or form a pericardial cradle to create suitable fields for operation. This access yields opportunities for target pharmacological delivery (antiarrhythmic or ischemic preconditioning agents) directly to the myocardial tissue without undesired side effects...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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