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Harrison J Brown, Gunter P Siegmund, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Kees Van Den Doel, Edmond Cretu, Jean-Sébastien Blouin
INTRODUCTION: Limited access to sophisticated technology and the unreliability of simple tools prevent accurate and reliable human standing balance assessments outside research laboratory settings. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a simple objective balance assessment tool that provides an accurate, reliable, and affordable alternative to currently available laboratory and clinical methods. METHODS: Thirty healthy subjects were filmed performing the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) while wearing inertial measurement units (IMU) measuring linear accelerations and angular velocities from seven locations of the body: forehead, sternum, waist, right and left wrist, and right and left shin...
August 2014: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Nicole Brückner, Katharina Obesser, Andreas Bösmann, Daniel Teichmann, Wolfgang Arlt, Jennifer Dungs, Peter Wasserscheid
Liquid organic hydrogen carrier (LOHC) systems offer a very attractive method for the decentralized storage of renewable excess energy. In this contribution, industrially well-established heat-transfer oils (typically sold under trade names, e.g., Marlotherm) are proposed as a new class of LOHC systems. It is demonstrated that the liquid mixture of isomeric dibenzyltoluenes (m.p. -39 to -34 °C, b.p. 390 °C) can be readily hydrogenated to the corresponding mixture of perhydrogenated analogues by binding 6...
January 2014: ChemSusChem
S Khanna, H S Narayanan, S D Sharma, C R Mukundan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1985: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
N Nammalvar, A V Rao
In a Cross over design, the therapeutic value of thought-stopping technique in Obsessive Compulsive behaviour was examined by comparing its effect to that of progressive muscular relaxation. A group of 17 individuals with obsessive compulsive behaviours patterns served as study group. The measure of therapeutic change include frequency of obsession, Taylor's Manifest Anxiety scale, Beck's inventory for Depression. Distress rating and Fear survey schedule. The results showed marked improvement in 11 individuals and minimal improvement in 3 and no change in the remaining 3 individuals...
January 1983: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
R Bauer, S Pohl, J Klosterkötter, J Kuhn
BACKGROUND: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is established as option to treat Parkinson's Disease and essential tremor by now. Successful treatments of small samples suffering from dystonia, cluster headache or Tourette's Syndrome or from obessive-compulsive disorders and depression make a future extension of indication seem probable. In this context the efficiency of DBS for the treatment of addiction is being discussed. AIM AND METHODS: To assess the potential effects of DBS of different target areas on addiction a keyword-related research in Pubmed (National Library of Medicine, Washington) was undertaken and own research was integrated...
July 2008: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1961: Sŭvremenna Medit︠s︡ina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1963: Revue de Neuropsychiatrie Infantile et D'hygiène Mentale de L'enfance
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1959: Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology
Damiaan Denys, Harold van Megen, Herman Westenberg
OBJECTIVE: Although patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) benefit from treatment with serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs), it is estimated that 40% to 60% of the patients remain unimproved. The objective of this study was to examine whether addition of the atypical antipsychotic quetiapine to SRIs is useful for patients with OCD who do not respond to SRI monotherapy. METHOD: Ten patients with OCD (DSM-IV criteria) who had not responded to at least 3 previous treatments with an SRI at maximum dose and duration were assigned to receive quetiapine in addition to an SRI for 8 weeks...
August 2002: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
M Rosenthal, J Stelian, J Wagner, P Berkman
Presented here are two case reports of elderly persons with Diogenes syndrome (variously known as senile breakdown, social breakdown and senile squalor syndrome). Diogenes syndrome is often (but not always) characterized by a tendency to hoard excessively (syllogomania). The first patient was diagnosed as having both a schizotypal personality disorder and obessive-compulsive disorders (OCD) while the second was diagnosed as having a schizoid personality disorder. Only the former demonstrated the tendency to hoard rubbish...
1999: Israel Journal of Psychiatry and related Sciences
K E Williams, D L Chambless, G Steketee
African Americans with obessive-compulsive disorder are underrepresented in behavioral treatment outcome studies. This paper consists of a clinical discussion of issues arising during the treatment with exposure plus response prevention of two African-American women with obessive-compulsive disorder. Clinical issues, such as excessive shame, insanity fears, and a sense of uniqueness, complicated the treatment process. However, both clients made significant improvement as assessed by behavioral testing, target ratings and the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale...
June 1998: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
P Cabrol, M Galinier, J Fourcade, P Verwaerde, P Massabuau, M A Tran, J L Montastruc, J P Bounhoure, J M Fauvel, J M Sénard
OBJECTIVE: To assess cardiac beta-adrenoceptors (beta-AR) in an obesity-hypertension model. METHODS: Six male beagle dogs (aged 35 +/- 5 months) receiving during 30 weeks a high-fat diet with 60% uncooked beef fat were compared to 6 normal beagle dogs. With right auricular and left ventricular samples we analysed cardiac beta-AR density through binding study using [125I]-cyanopindolol. beta 1 and beta 2 densities were obtained by competition with CGP 20712A. Affinity state of beta-AR was assessed by competition with isoproterenol...
August 1998: Archives des Maladies du Coeur et des Vaisseaux
H C Breiter, S L Rauch
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) first appeared in 1991. Since that time there has been a burgeoning use of the technology by psychiatric researchers and neuroscientists. Our group first used fMRI to study obessive compulsive disorder (OCD) with a symptom provocation paradigm and then moved to the use of circuitry-specific cognitive-behavioral probes. The techniques we utilized for the symptom provocation study remain valid today, but have been supplemented by a wide array of new tools. Functional MRI continues to be a rapidly developing technology which could become the gold standard for neuroimaging research in psychiatry...
December 1996: NeuroImage
D Palumbo, A Maughan, R Kurlan
Tourette syndrome (TS) is a hereditary condition characterized by the presence of chronic, multiple motor tics and is commonly associated with obessive-compulsive behavior, attentional and executive dysfunction, and aggressive behavior. A wide range of other genetic and environmental conditions that interfere with normal basal ganglia developmental processes can produce a clinical syndrome that we call the developmental basal ganglia syndrome (DBGS), and which closely resembles TS. Failure to distinguish TS from other causes of DBGS has probably hampered research efforts aimed at clarifying the neurobiological mechanisms, localizing the genetic defect, assessing therapy, and establishing accurate prevalence rates for TS...
April 1997: Archives of Neurology
S Follin, Y Rousselot
We have studied the psychopathology of a young schizophrenic patient drug-addict exclusively to ether. The clinical evidence shows the acute ebriety as an experience lived in childist enjoyment, evoking mood of his infantile enfastening to the indifferent attitude of his parents. The obessive and impulsive intake of the drug, shows this behaviour as a defense process having the value of protection against dissociative anxiety. When addictive behaviour stopped, with interruption of the psychotic evolution, and return in family life, appears nevertheless hebephrenic impoverishment of feelings and personality structure, stabilished in his autistic way of life...
April 1980: Annales Médico-psychologiques
P E Sifneos
Short-term dynamic psychotherapy is successful for the healthier patient, but also for the individual with severe and chronic problems. The author surveys the history of brief intervention since Freud. Despite favorable outcomes, there has been a lack of interest for short-term dynamic therapy. Analysts, emphasizing on long-term analysis, failed to distinguish between developing theory and treatment. Since the mid-fifties interest for short-term techniques has increased. Research is resulting in criteria for selection and outcome...
1981: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
L Taus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1968: Ceskoslovenská Psychiatrie
M A Sperber
This paper attempts to synthesize Tartakoff's concept of the Nobel Prize complex (a constellation of personality traits found in some achievement-oriented neurotics) with the symbiotic syndrome which Mahler noted among certain psychotic patients. The performance-oriented symbiotic syndrome formulated in this paper is found in patients whose pathology ranges from the normal to the psychotic. The familial constellation involved in this performance-oriented symbiosis consists of an obessive, successful father; a depressed, hysterical, unfulfilled mother; and a child who is made to take the father's place in the household...
1974: Psychoanalytic Review
D R Saidel, R Babineau
This paper presents a case study of the background and treatment of a patient with prolonged LSD flashbacks. The hypothesis that flashbacks can be psychologically determined symptoms is supported by the dynamics of the case and the course of treatment. A second focus is a partial explanation for the often made observation that obessive-compulsive personalities are at increased risk for LSD flashbacks.
November 1976: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
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