keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anorectal anomalies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616723/post-operative-strictures-in-anorectal-malformation-trends-over-15%C3%A2-years
#1
Charlotte Holbrook, Devesh Misra, Indre Zaparackaite, Stewart Cleeve
AIM: For decades, paediatric surgeons have employed the standard posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) approach to deal with patients with anorectal malformations (ARM). In recent years, we noted an apparent increase in the incidence of anal stricture after surgical repair of ARM following the introduction of laparoscopic pull-through and techniques aiming to preserve the internal sphincter-the internal sphincter sparing approach (ISSA). We decided to analyse our data to find out if these new trends had added to the problem of post-operative strictures...
June 14, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612139/anorectal-malformations-associated-congenital-anomalies-and-their-investigation-in-a-south-african-setting
#2
Elmarie Vd Merwe, S Cox, A Numanoglu
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to investigate the types of anorectal malformations (ARM), incidence of associated abnormalities and investigative methods used in patients treated at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital and to determine whether these are in keeping with recent literature. Mortality rates were also reviewed. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with ARM between 1993 and 2016 was undertaken. Clinical notes were reviewed and correlated with radiology and cardiac databases...
June 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603565/current-concepts-congenital-scoliosis
#3
Agnivesh Tikoo, Manish K Kothari, Kunal Shah, Abhay Nene
BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis is one of the 'difficult to treat' scenarios which a spine surgeon has to face. Multiple factors including the age of child at presentation, no definite pattern of deformity and associated anomalies hinder the execution of the ideal treatment plan. All patients of congenital scoliosis need to be investigated in detail. X rays and MRI of spine is usually ordered first. Screening investigations to rule out VACTERL (Visceral, Anorectal, Cardiac, Tracheo-esophageal fistula, Renal and Lung) abnormalities are required...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600851/neonatal-surgery-in-a-developing-country-outcome-of-co-ordinated-interdisciplinary-collaboration
#4
Sebastian O Ekenze, Victor O Modekwe, Obinna V Ajuzieogu, Isaac O Asinobi, Jubril Sanusi
AIM: Neonatal surgery in low-income and middle-income countries has a poorer outcome when compared with high-income countries. This study evaluated the management challenges and outcomes of neonatal surgery before and after the introduction of focused interdisciplinary team management in 2013. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed neonatal surgery undertaken at two referral hospitals in Enugu, south-eastern Nigeria from January 2011 to November 2015. Cases managed prior to July 2013 (group A) were compared with those managed from July 2013 (group B)...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600661/controversy-of-single-versus-staged-management-of-anorectal-malformations
#5
Ajay Narayan Gangopadhyay, Vaibhav Pandey
Anorectal malformations' (ARMs) management has taken strides over the past few decades. The advent of Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) and its acceptance by most people across the globe as standard procedure has given way to a debate of single vs. three-staged repair. After initial hesitancy and lot of skepticism, single-staged repair has very well established its role because of its advantages over the staged procedure. There is enough evidence which suggests that single-staged repair has got equally good outcome as that of staged repair (if not better)...
June 10, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583853/lipomyelomeningocele-for-the-urologist-should-we-view-it-the-same-as-myelomeningocele
#6
E B Yerkes, C Halline, G Yoshiba, T A Meyer, I Rosoklija, R Bowman, D McLone, E Y Cheng
INTRODUCTION: The primary urologic objectives for lipomyelomeningocele (LMM) and myelomeningocele (MM) are preserving renal integrity and achieving continence. Due to this common ground, LMM and MM are urologically treated the same. However, unlike MM, LMM may present with no evident functional concerns. Indications for and timing of tethered cord release (TCR) in LMM are therefore controversial. Long-term urologic outcomes are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: Expectations for continence and potential for intermittent catheterization (CIC) following TCR in LMM are important for realistically counseling families regarding future needs...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456592/whole-exome-sequencing-of-sporadic-patients-with-currarino-syndrome-a-report-of-three-trios
#7
Ingunn Holm, Mari Spildrejorde, Barbro Stadheim, Kristin L Eiklid, Pubudu S Samarakoon
Currarino Syndrome is a rare congenital malformation syndrome described as a triad of anorectal, sacral and presacral anomalies. Currarino Syndrome is reported to be both familial and sporadic. Familial CS is today known as an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the transcription factor MNX1. The aim of this study was to look for genetic causes of Currarino Syndrome in sporadic patients after ruling out other causes, like chromosome aberrations, disease-causing variants in possible MNX1 cooperating transcription factors and aberrant methylation in the promoter of the MNX1 gene...
August 15, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446132/pcsk5-is-required-in-the-early-cranio-cardiac-mesoderm-for-heart-development
#8
Dorota Szumska, Milena Cioroch, Angela Keeling, Annik Prat, Nabil G Seidah, Shoumo Bhattacharya
BACKGROUND: Loss of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 5 (Pcsk5) results in multiple developmental anomalies including cardiac malformations, caudal regression, pre-sacral mass, renal agenesis, anteroposterior patterning defects, and tracheo-oesophageal and anorectal malformations, and is a model for VACTERL/caudal regression/Currarino syndromes (VACTERL association - Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Cardiac defects, Tracheoesophageal fistula and/or Esophageal atresia, Renal & Radial anomalies and Limb defects)...
April 26, 2017: BMC Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413309/type-v-congenital-pouch-colon-an-extremely-rare-variant-of-anorectal-malformations
#9
J D Rawat, Sudhir Singh, Nitin Pant, Digamber Chaubey
Type V is the rarest form of congenital pouch colon with only four cases reported till date. We report this anomaly in a 6-month-old boy. He was managed successfully with excision of distal pouch and coloplasty of proximal pouch along with abdominoperineal posterior sagittal anorectoplasty. We recommend preservation of proximal pouch in such cases.
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413307/laparoscopic-assisted-anorectoplasty-a-single-center-experience
#10
Rajamani Gurusamy, S Vijay Raj, Raghul Maniam, S R Regunandan
AIM: To assess the modifications in the technique of laparoscopic-assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) practiced at our institute and to analyze the postoperative outcome and associated complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was done to analyze the results for LAARP procedure done for high anorectal malformations (ARMs) from January 2001 to May 2016. A total of 68 patients had undergone LAARP, with 62 male and 6 female children. Staged procedure was done in 55 patients and one child with rectovestibular fistula of 5 months of age had a single-stage procedure...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413305/solitary-functioning-kidney-in-high-anorectal-malformation
#11
Kanishka Das, Srinivas Raju Rajkiran
AIM: A solitary functioning renal unit in high anorectal malformation may harbor anomalies in the upper/lower urinary tract that further compromise renal function and accelerate hyperfiltration injury. We aimed to analyze the clinical course, management, and outcome of children with a solitary renal unit and high anorectal malformation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of solitary renal units in anorectal malformation managed between 2000 and 2015 with a defined protocol at a pediatric nephro-urology clinic are included in the study...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413304/simultaneous-single-staged-repair-of-anorectal-malformation-with-tracheoesophageal-fistula-lessons-learned
#12
Ajay Narayan Gangopadhyay, Vaibhav Pandey
INTRODUCTION: Anorectal malformation (ARM) associated esophageal atresia (EA) with tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) spawns special therapeutic propositions. The outcome of these patients banks on numerous factors. We performed this study with an aim to compare the outcome of single-staged simultaneous primary repair of both anomalies versus staged repair of these disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of cases with ARM and associated EA with TEF managed over a period of 5 years from July 2010 to June 2015 after ethical approval was undertaken...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413301/anorectal-malformations-in-males-pros-and-cons-of-neonatal-versus-staged-reconstruction-for-high-and-intermediate-varieties
#13
Prema Menon, Katragadda Lakshmi Narasimha Rao, Amit Kumar Sinha, K Lokesha, Ram Samujh, Jai Kumar Mahajan, Ravi Prakash Kanojia, Monika Bawa
BACKGROUND: High and intermediate types of anorectal malformations (ARMs) in male neonates may be managed either by primary neonatal reconstruction without colostomy cover or by traditional policy of staged reconstruction after neonatal colostomy. Posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) is the current widely practiced reconstructive technique with varied results. AIM: To assess our functional results of PSARP without colostomy in male neonates with high and intermediate ARMs compared to 3-stage (neonatal colostomy - PSARP - colostomy closure) methodology in a high volume tertiary care institution of a developing country...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413300/anorectal-agenesis-with-rectovaginal-fistula-a-rare-regional-variant
#14
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Partap Singh Yadav, Shalu Shah, Rajiv Chadha
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The anatomical types of female anorectal malformation (ARM) are complex and include several rare and regional variants. The aim of this report is to highlight the diagnosis and management of cases of anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula (RVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of cases of RVF who underwent definitive surgery between November 2000 and September 2016 in a single institution. RESULTS: Of the 244 female patients with anorectal anomalies treated in our institution over a 16-year period, there were 15 cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis giving it an incidence of 6%...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399120/sotos-syndrome-associated-with-hirschsprung-s-disease-a-new-case-and-exome-sequencing-analysis
#15
Cherry Ann Sio, Kyuwhan Jung, Jeong-Hyun Kim, Hyun Sub Cheong, Eun Shin, Hyejin Jang, Miok Yoon, Huijeong Jang, Hyoung Doo Shin
BackgroundSotos syndrome (SoS) is an overgrowth disorder with various congenital anomalies and is usually accompanied by other clinical problems. However, anorectal malformations have not been documented as part of the SoS entity. Our objective is to report on a case of SoS associated with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) and subsequent genetic analysis.MethodsA 2-year-old boy with SoS experienced constipation since infancy and ultimately showed an aganglionic segment in the histopathologic examination, which was followed by exome-sequencing analysis...
May 3, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393221/chromosome-13q-deletion-syndrome-involving-13q31%C3%A2-qter-a-case-report
#16
Yue-Ping Wang, Da-Jia Wang, Zhi-Bin Niu, Wan-Ting Cui
Partial deletions on the long arm of chromosome 13 lead to a number of different phenotypes depending on the size and position of the deleted region. The present study investigated 2 patients with 13q terminal (13qter) deletion syndrome, which manifested as anal atresia with rectoperineal fistula, complex type congenital heart disease, esophageal hiatus hernia with gastroesophageal reflux, facial anomalies and developmental and mental retardation. Array comparative genomic hybridization identified 2 regions of deletion on chromosome 13q31‑qter; 20...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319023/isolated-bilateral-simplex-ureteric-ectopia-bladder-capacity-as-an-indicator-of-continence-outcome
#17
Vasilis Stavrinides, Paul Charlesworth, Dan Wood, Divyesh Desai, Abraham Cherian, Imran Mushtaq, Peter Cuckow, Naima Smeulders
INTRODUCTION: Isolated bilateral simplex ectopic ureters (BSEUs) are rare but pose a therapeutic challenge: ureteric reimplantation alone does not accomplish continence in all. Identifying the patients needing additional procedures for continence early could prevent multiple operations. OBJECTIVE: Potential preoperative indicators for postoperative continence are explored in eight BSEU girls without cloacal, anorectal, or spinal anomalies. STUDY DESIGN: With institutional approval, all patients with BSEU between 1985 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280513/spectrum-of-congenital-anomalies-among-surgical-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-over-4-years
#18
Arushi Agarwal, K N Rattan, Ankur Dhiman, Ananta Rattan
Introduction. Congenital anomalies are important causes of childhood death, chronic illness, and disability in many countries. Congenital malformations are rapidly emerging as one of the major worldwide problems. Aim. To study the percentage of various congenital anomalies among the patients admitted in Department of Pediatric Surgery at a tertiary care centre over a period of four years from 2011 to 2015 in our centre. Results. Neural tube defects were found to be the most common anomalies in 24.3% of the children admitted...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242026/surgical-approach-for-fecal-incontinence-with-a-patulous-anus-after-transanal-pull-through-for-hirschsprung-disease
#19
Yoshitomo Yasui, Syoichi Nishida, Tsubasa Shironomae, Miwa Satomi, Tsuyoshi Kuwahara, Miyuki Kohno
BACKGROUND: We have performed transanal pull-through (TAPT) for Hirschsprung disease since 1998. Some of our patients after TAPT showed a patulous anus and suffered from severe true fecal incontinence. We performed anal canal plasty for these patients and evaluated its efficacy in restoring anorectal function. METHODS: Thirty-one patients who were ≥5years old were previously operated on for Hirschsprung disease, and seven (22.5%) of these were indicated for this procedure...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216077/prenatal-diagnosis-and-outcome-of-fetal-gastrointestinal-obstruction
#20
Patricio E Lau, Stephanie Cruz, Christopher I Cassady, Amy R Mehollin-Ray, Rodrigo Ruano, Sundeep Keswani, Timothy C Lee, Oluyinka O Olutoye, Darrell L Cass
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of prenatal diagnosis for fetuses with gastrointestinal (GI) obstruction with correlation to postnatal outcomes. METHODS: Fetuses diagnosed with GI obstruction (excluding esophageal and duodenal) were reviewed for those evaluated between 2006 and 2016. Prenatal diagnosis and imaging studies were compared to postnatal findings. Outcomes evaluated included diagnostic accuracy, rate of other anomalies, neonatal length of stay, incidence of short bowel syndrome, and discharge with TPN or gastrostomy...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
keyword
keyword
65502
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"