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Mind body therapy and anxiety or depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862826/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-adults-who-are-overweight-or-obese-a-meta-analysis-of-physical-and-psychological-health-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
Jeffrey M Rogers, Madeleine Ferrari, Kylie Mosely, Cathryne P Lang, Leah Brennan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness-based interventions on psychological and physical health outcomes in adults who are overweight or obese. METHODS: We searched 14 electronic databases for randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies that met eligibility criteria. Comprehensive Meta-analysis software was used to compute the effect size estimate Hedge's g. RESULTS: Fifteen studies measuring post-treatment outcomes of mindfulness-based interventions in 560 individuals were identified...
January 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855426/idiopathic-scoliosis-from-psychopathological-and-mind-body-medicine-perspectives
#2
Goran Talić, Ljerka Ostojić, Snježana Novaković Bursać, Tatjana Nožica-Radulović, Đurđica Stevanović-Papić
Idiopathic scoliosis, defined as a three-dimensional spine and trunk deformity, which appears in otherwise healthy subjects, exhibits complex relations with various forms of personal well-being and psychopathology. Most research studies have documented a higher proportion of psychological disturbances (e.g., self-criticism, negative body image, low self-esteem) and mental disorders (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders, personality disorders) among idiopathc scoliosis patients compared to healthy controls...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816800/interventions-that-target-improvements-in-mental-health-for-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-narrative-review
#3
REVIEW
Nikko S Da Paz, Jan L Wallander
Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) suggest that one in 68 children is affected. With convincing evidence that parenting a child with ASD is associated with elevated distress and mental health problems, researchers have begun to investigate treatments that directly target parents' psychological well-being. We conducted a narrative review of studies that empirically tested the effects of interventions targeting improvements in the mental health of parents of children with ASD. Following a range of search strategies, a total of 13 studies, seven randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and six pre-post test designs, met inclusion criteria...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759442/evidence-base-update-for-psychosocial-treatments-for-children-and-adolescents-exposed-to-traumatic-events
#4
Shannon Dorsey, Katie A McLaughlin, Suzanne E U Kerns, Julie P Harrison, Hilary K Lambert, Ernestine C Briggs, Julia Revillion Cox, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Child and adolescent trauma exposure is prevalent, with trauma exposure-related symptoms, including posttraumatic stress, depressive, and anxiety symptoms often causing substantial impairment. This article updates the evidence base on psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent trauma exposure completed for this journal by Silverman et al. (2008). For this review, we focus on 37 studies conducted during the seven years since the last review. Treatments are grouped by overall treatment family (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy), treatment modality (e...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712106/a-pilot-study-of-eight-session-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-adapted-for-women-s-sexual-interest-arousal-disorder
#5
Laurel Q P Paterson, Ariel B Handy, Lori A Brotto
While few treatment options exist for low sexual desire and arousal, the most common sexual dysfunction in women, a growing body of research supports the efficacy of mindfulness-based approaches. The mechanisms underlying improvements, and whether they are due to mindfulness practice or other treatment components, are unclear. As a result, we designed and pilot-tested an eight-session group mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for sexuality (MBCT-S) program that includes more extensive practice of mindfulness skills and closely aligns with the evidence-based MBCT program for depression and anxiety...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583423/complementary-integrative-therapies-that-work-a-review-of-the-evidence
#6
Benjamin Kligler, Raymond Teets, Melissa Quick
Significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of several complementary or integrative treatment approaches to common primary care problems. Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and nutritional supplements can be useful as first-line therapy for certain conditions, such as fish oil for hypertriglyceridemia, St...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541054/attitudes-toward-combining-psychological-mind-body-therapies-and-nutritional-approaches-for-the-enhancement-of-mood
#7
Taryn Jade Lores, Miriam Henke, Anna Chur-Hansen
Context • Interest has been rising in the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for the promotion of health and treatment of disease. To date, the majority of CAM research has focused on exploring the demographic characteristics, attitudes, and motivations of CAM users and on the efficacy of different therapies and products. Less is known with respect to the psychological characteristics of people who use CAM. Previous research has not investigated the usefulness of integrating mind-body therapies with natural products in a combined mood intervention...
2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502810/efficacy-of-rehabilitation-with-tai-ji-quan-in-an-italian-cohort-of-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#8
Susanna Maddali Bongi, Gianluca Paoletti, Michael Calà, Angela Del Rosso, Khadija El Aoufy, Svetlana Mikhaylova
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is characterized by musculoskeletal pain, muscle tenderness leading to disability, impaired quality of life (QoL), fatigue and it is accompanied by sleep disorders and psychological distress. Mind body therapies (MBT), such as Tai Ji Quan (TJQ), use different techniques to facilitate the ability of the mind to influence disease characteristics and symptoms. Some studies showed that TJQ, in patients with rheumatic diseases, particularly FMS, improved QoL, disability and psychological distress...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470259/randomized-controlled-trial-of-supportive-expressive-group-therapy-and-body-mind-spirit-intervention-for-chinese-non-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Rainbow T H Ho, Ted C T Fong, Phyllis H Y Lo, Samuel M Y Ho, Peter W H Lee, Pamela P Y Leung, David Spiegel, Cecilia L W Chan
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of supportive-expressive group (SEG) therapy and body-mind-spirit (BMS) intervention on emotional suppression and psychological distress in Chinese breast cancer patients. METHODS: This three-arm randomized controlled trial assigned 157 non-metastatic breast cancer patients to BMS, SEG, or social support control group. SEG focused on emotional expression and group support, whereas BMS emphasized relaxation and self-care...
July 28, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449066/mind-body-therapy-via-videoconferencing-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-an-rct
#10
Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Eric Riklin, Vanessa L Merker, Eric A Macklin, Elyse R Park, Scott R Plotkin
OBJECTIVE: To test, within a single-blind randomized controlled trial, the feasibility, acceptability, efficacy, and durability of a mind-body program (the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for neurofibromatosis [3RP-NF]) vs an attention placebo control (Health Enhancement Program for NF [HEP-NF]), both delivered via group videoconferencing. METHODS: Sixty-three patients completed baseline assessments and were randomized. Primary outcomes were physical health and psychological quality of life (QoL), measured by the WHOQOL-BREF (World Health Organization QoL abbreviated instrument)...
August 23, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337744/effect-of-integrated-yoga-and-physical-therapy-on-audiovisual-reaction-time-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-multiple-sclerosis-a-pilot-study
#11
Shivaji Chobe, Hemant Bhargav, Nagarathna Raghuram, Christoph Garner
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is characterized by a significant deterioration in auditory and visual reaction times along with associated depression and anxiety. Yoga and Physical therapy (PT) interventions have been found to enhance recovery from these problems in various neuropsychiatric illnesses, but sufficient evidence is lacking in chronic MS population. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of integrated Yoga and Physical therapy (IYP) on audiovisual reaction times, depression and anxiety in patients suffering from chronic MS...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121185/affect-school-and-script-analysis-versus-basic-body-awareness-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-psychological-symptoms-in-patients-with-diabetes-and-high-hba1c-concentrations-two-study-protocols-for-two-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Eva O Melin, Ralph Svensson, Sven-Åke Gustavsson, Agneta Winberg, Ewa Denward-Olah, Mona Landin-Olsson, Hans O Thulesius
BACKGROUND: Depression is linked with alexithymia, anxiety, high HbA1c concentrations, disturbances of cortisol secretion, increased prevalence of diabetes complications and all-cause mortality. The psycho-educational method 'affect school with script analysis' and the mind-body therapy 'basic body awareness treatment' will be trialled in patients with diabetes, high HbA1c concentrations and psychological symptoms. The primary outcome measure is change in symptoms of depression. Secondary outcome measures are changes in HbA1c concentrations, midnight salivary cortisol concentration, symptoms of alexithymia, anxiety, self-image measures, use of antidepressants, incidence of diabetes complications and mortality...
April 27, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26979745/the-effects-of-psychosocial-interventions-on-the-mental-health-pregnancy-rates-and-marital-function-of-infertile-couples-undergoing-in-vitro-fertilization-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Liying Ying, Lai Har Wu, Alice Yuen Loke
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of psychosocial interventions on the mental health, pregnancy rates, and marital function of infertile couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), as determined through RCT studies. METHODS: Using the electronic databases PubMed, EMBase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycInfo, and CAJ, a systematic literature search was conducted in July 2015. MeSH terms, key words, and free words such as "infertility," "fertilization in vitro," "psychotherapy," "intervention," "anxiety," "depression," and "marital satisfaction" were used to identify all potential studies...
June 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26963792/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-coping-with-cancer
#14
Linda E Carlson
Work in the development and evaluation of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for cancer care has been underway for the last 20 years, and a growing body of literature now supports their efficacy. MBIs are particularly helpful in dealing with common experiences related to cancer diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship, including loss of control, uncertainty about the future, and fears of recurrence, as well as a range of physical and psychological symptoms, including depression, anxiety, insomnia, and fatigue...
June 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26466913/a-rct-of-psychotherapy-in-women-with-nausea-and-vomiting-of-pregnancy
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Shala Yazdani, Shahnaz Barat
STUDY QUESTION: Does adding psychological intervention to medical therapy improve nausea/vomiting, psychological symptoms, and pregnancy distress in women with moderate nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Three weeks of medical therapy plus psychotherapy yielded statistically and clinically significant improvements in NVP-specific symptoms, anxiety/depression symptoms, and pregnancy distress, compared with medical therapy alone. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Pregnancy with nausea/vomiting is associated with psychiatric morbidity...
December 2015: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26349756/decoupling-as-a-mechanism-of-change-in-mindfulness-and-acceptance-a-literature-review
#16
Michael E Levin, Jason B Luoma, Jack A Haeger
A growing body of research within the acceptance and mindfulness-based therapies suggests that these treatments may function in part by reducing or eliminating (i.e., decoupling) the normative relationships between internal experiences and other internal/overt behavior. Examples of decoupling effects found in this review include reduced relationships between urges to smoke and smoking behavior, between dysphoric mood and depressive cognitions, and between pain intensity and persistence in a painful task. A literature review identified 44 studies on acceptance and mindfulness that demonstrated decoupling effects...
November 2015: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26231014/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-and-expenditure-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#17
Maulik P Purohit, Ross D Zafonte, Laura M Sherman, Roger B Davis, Michelle Y Giwerc, Martha E Shenton, Gloria Y Yeh
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychiatric symptoms affect 37% of US adults. These symptoms are often refractory to standard therapies, and patients may consequently opt for complementary and alternative medicine therapies (CAM). We sought to determine the demand for CAM by those with neuropsychiatric symptoms compared to those without neuropsychiatric symptoms as measured by out-of-pocket expenditure. METHOD: We compared CAM expenditure between US adults with and without neuropsychiatric symptoms (n = 23,393) using the 2007 National Health Interview Survey...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26032384/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-veterans-exposed-to-military-sexual-trauma-rationale-and-implementation-considerations
#18
Autumn M Gallegos, Wendi Cross, Wilfred R Pigeon
Military sexual trauma (MST) represents a significant public health concern among military personnel and Veterans and is associated with considerable morbidity and suicide risk. It is estimated that 22% of Veteran women and 1% of Veteran men experienced sexual assault or repeated, threatening sexual harassment during their military service. Exposure to traumatic stress has detrimental effects on emotion regulation, which refers to a set of strategies used to modulate different components of emotion at different points on the trajectory of an emotional response...
June 2015: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25752972/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-somatic-symptoms-distress-mindfulness-and-spiritual-wellbeing-in-women-with-breast-cancer-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hanne Würtzen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Jane Christensen, Klaus Kaae Andersen, Peter Elsass, Henrik L Flyger, Anne E Pedersen, Antonia Sumbundu, Marianne Steding-Jensen, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: Women with breast cancer experience different symptoms related to surgical or adjuvant therapy. Previous findings and theoretical models of mind-body interactions suggest that psychological wellbeing, i.e. levels of distress, influence the subjective evaluation of symptoms, which influences or determines functioning. The eight-week mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program significantly reduced anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients in a randomized controlled trial (NCT00990977)...
May 2015: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25688280/the-effects-of-tai-chi-in-centrally-obese-adults-with-depression-symptoms
#20
Xin Liu, Luis Vitetta, Karam Kostner, David Crompton, Gail Williams, Wendy J Brown, Alan Lopez, Charlie C Xue, Tian P Oei, Gerard Byrne, Jennifer H Martin, Harvey Whiteford
This study examined the effects of Tai Chi, a low-impact mind-body movement therapy, on severity of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms in centrally obese people with elevated depression symptoms. In total, 213 participants were randomized to a 24-week Tai Chi intervention program or a wait-list control group. Assessments were conducted at baseline and 12 and 24 weeks. Outcomes were severity of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms, leg strength, central obesity, and other measures of metabolic symptom...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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