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Phase 3

Haidong Tian, Yinfeng Zhang, Jingzhi Han, Zhuang Xu, Xiaodong Zhang, Shunquan Liu, Changsheng Wang, Yingchang Yang, Li Han, Jinbo Yang
Nd2Fe14B/α-Fe nanocomposite magnets are prepared through electron beam exposure with a greatly reduced annealing time of 0.1 s. This is by far the most effective approach due to the effect of an extremely high heating rate featuring a rapid thermal process. The impact that the rapid thermal process has on crystallization is expounded by the introduction of the Landau model and Langevin dynamical simulations. The change of crystallization sequence from the α-Fe phase preceding the Nd2Fe14B phase under conventional annealing conditions, to synergetic crystallization under electron beam conditions is investigated...
October 19, 2016: Nanoscale
Karin Slebocki, Bastian Kraus, De-Hua Chang, Martin Hellmich, David Maintz, Christopher Bangard
PURPOSE: To assess correlation between attenuation measurements of incidental findings in abdominal second generation dual-energy computed tomography (CT) on true noncontrast (TNC) and virtual noncontrast (VNC) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-three patients underwent arterial dual-energy CT (Somatom Definition Flash, Siemens; pitch factor, 0.75-1.0; gantry rotation time, 0.28 seconds) after endovascular aneurysm repair, consisting of a TNC single energy CT scan (collimation, 128 × 0...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Beth Wieczorek, Judith Ascenzi, Yun Kim, Hallie Lenker, Caroline Potter, Nehal J Shata, Lauren Mitchell, Catherine Haut, Ivor Berkowitz, Frank Pidcock, Jeannine Hoch, Connie Malamed, Tamara Kravitz, Sapna R Kudchadkar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and feasibility of an early mobilization program in a PICU. DESIGN: Observational, pre-post design. SETTING: PICU in a tertiary academic hospital in the United States. PATIENTS: Critically ill pediatric patients admitted to the PICU. INTERVENTION: This quality improvement project involved a usual-care baseline phase, followed by a quality improvement phase that implemented a multicomponent, interdisciplinary, and tiered activity plan to promote early mobilization of critically ill children...
October 10, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Kristian Reich, Craig Leonardi, Mark Lebwohl, Francisco Kerdel, Yukari Okubo, Ricardo Romiti, Orin Goldblum, Ellen B Dennehy, Lisa Kerr, Howard Sofen
BACKGROUND: Scalp is a frequently affected and difficult-to-treat area in psoriasis patients. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the efficacy of ixekizumab in the treatment of patients with scalp psoriasis over 60 weeks using the Psoriasis Scalp Severity Index (PSSI). METHODS: In three Phase 3, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials, patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis in UNCOVER-1 (N = 1296), UNCOVER-2 (N = 1224), and UNCOVER-3 (N = 1346) were randomized to subcutaneous 80 mg ixekizumab every 2 weeks (Q2W) or every 4 weeks (Q4W) after a 160 mg starting dose, or placebo through Week 12...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
Yan Suffren, Olivier Leynaud, Philippe Plaindoux, Alain Brenier, Isabelle Gautier-Luneau
The Ln(IO3)3(HIO3)y (y = 1 or 1.33) compounds are isostructural with the La(IO3)3(HIO3)y phases, but thermal studies reveal different behaviors. On the one hand, the partial thermal decompositions of these lanthanide compounds lead to the Ln(IO3)3 formulation, with a room temperature structure different from the β-La(IO3)3 obtained from La(IO3)3(HIO3)y. On the other hand, the partial thermal decompositions of the La1-xLnx(IO3)3(HIO3)y compounds prepared with lanthanides ions (Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, and Yb) lead to acentric β-La1-xLnx(IO3)3...
October 19, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Jie Huang, Ning Gan, Fangying Lv, Yuting Cao, Changrong Ou, Haiqing Tang
In this work, a facile and environmentally friendly solid-phase microextraction assay based on on-fiber derivatization coupled with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry was developed for determining four nonvolatile index biogenic amines (putrescine, cadaverine, histamine and tyramine) in fish samples. In the assay, the fiber was firstly dipped into a solution with isobutyl chloroformate as derivatization reagent and isooctane as extraction solvent. Thus, a thin organic liquid membrane coating was developed...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Jianmin Cao, Na Sun, Weisong Yu, Xueli Pang, Yingnan Lin, Fanyu Kong, Jun Qiu
A sensitive and robust multiresidue method for the simultaneous analysis of 114 pesticides in tobacco was developed based on solid-phase extraction coupled with gas chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. In this strategy, tobacco samples were extracted with acetonitrile and cleaned up with a multilayer solid-phase extraction cartridge Cleanert TPT using acetonitrile/toluene (3:1) as the elution solvent. Two internal standards of different polarity were used to meet simultaneous pesticides quantification demands in the tobacco matrix...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Irina A Tikhonova, Martin W Hoyle, Tristan M Snowsill, Chris Cooper, Joanna L Varley-Campbell, Claudius E Rudin, Ruben E Mujica Mota
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer of azacitidine (Celgene) to submit evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of this drug for the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia with more than 30 % bone marrow blasts in adults who are not eligible for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation, as part of the NICE's Single Technology Appraisal process. The Peninsula Technology Assessment Group was commissioned to act as the Evidence Review Group (ERG). The ERG produced a critical review of the evidence contained within the company's submission to NICE...
October 17, 2016: PharmacoEconomics
Anees A Ansari, Abdul K Parchur, Brijesh Kumar, S B Rai
The design of nanostructured materials with highly stable water-dispersion and luminescence efficiency is an important concern in nanotechnology and nanomedicine. In this paper, we described the synthesis and distinct surface modification on the morphological structure and optical (optical absorption, band gap energy, excitation, emission, decay time, etc.) properties of highly crystalline water-dispersible CaF2:Ce/Tb nanocrystals (core-nanocrystals). The epitaxial growth of inert CaF2 and silica shell, respectively, on their surface forming as CaF2:Ce/Tb@CaF2 (core/shell) and CaF2:Ce/Tb@CaF2@SiO2 (core/shell/SiO2) nanoarchitecture...
December 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Leonard A Levin
Glaucoma is both the most common optic neuropathy worldwide and the most common cause of irreversible blindness in the world. The only proven treatment for glaucomatous optic neuropathy is lowering the intraocular pressure, achieved with a variety of pharmacological, laser, and surgical approaches. Over the past 2 decades there has been much basic and clinical research into achieving treatment of the underlying optic nerve damage with neuroprotective approaches. However, none has resulted in regulatory approval based on successful phase 3 studies...
October 18, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Yoshiki Asayama, Akihiro Nishie, Kousei Ishigami, Yasuhiro Ushijima, Yukihisa Takayama, Daisuke Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Takao Ohtsuka, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Shinichi Aishima, Yoshinao Oda, Hiroshi Honda
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether washout characteristics of dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) could predict survival in patients with extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (EHC). METHODS: This study collected 46 resected cases. All cases were examined by dynamic contrast study on multidetector-row CT. Region-of-interest measurements were obtained at the non-enhanced, portal venous phase and delayed phase in the tumour and were used to calculate the washout ratio as follows: [(attenuation value at portal venous phase CT - attenuation value at delayed enhanced CT)/(attenuation value at portal venous phase CT - attenuation value at unenhanced CT)] × 100...
October 17, 2016: European Radiology
Satoshi Nagayama, Suguru Hasegawa, Koya Hida, Kenji Kawada, Etsuro Hatano, Kojiro Nakamura, Satoru Seo, Kojiro Taura, Kentaro Yasuchika, Takashi Matsuo, Masazumi Zaima, Akiyoshi Kanazawa, Hiroaki Terajima, Masaharu Tada, Yukihito Adachi, Ryuta Nishitai, Dai Manaka, Tsunehiro Yoshimura, Koji Doi, Takahiro Horimatsu, Akira Mitsuyoshi, Kenichi Yoshimura, Miyuki Niimi, Shigemi Matsumoto, Yoshiharu Sakai, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND: Although liver resection combined with preoperative chemotherapy is expected to improve outcomes of patients with resectable colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM), there is as yet insufficient clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of preoperative systemic chemotherapy. The aim of this phase II study was to assess the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative FOLFOX systemic chemotherapy for patients with initially resectable CRLM. METHODS: A prospective multi-institutional phase II study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of preoperative chemotherapy for resectable CRLM (ClinicalTrials...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Sang-Geon Cho, Zeenat Jabin, Ki Seong Park, Jahae Kim, Sae-Ryung Kang, Seong Young Kwon, Geum-Cheol Jeong, Minchul Song, Jong Sang Kim, Jae Yeong Cho, Hyun Kuk Kim, Ho-Chun Song, Jung-Joon Min, Hee-Seung Bom
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of additional evaluation of left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) by gated myocardial perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography (GMPS) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and multivessel disease. METHODS: One hundred and nine acute MI patients with >50 % stenosis in at least one non-culprit artery who underwent GMPS within 2 weeks were enrolled. All patients underwent successful revascularization of the culprit arteries...
October 18, 2016: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Maciej Ptak, Mirosław Mączka, Anna Gągor, Adam Sieradzki, Bartosz Bondzior, Przemysław Dereń, S Pawlus
We report the synthesis, crystal structure, dielectric, vibrational and emission spectra of heterometallic MOFs, [C2H5NH3][Na0.5Cr0.5(HCOO)3] (EtANaCr), [C2H5NH3][Na0.5Al0.5(HCOO)3] (EtANaAl) and [C2H5NH3][Na0.5Al0.475Cr0.025(HCOO)3] (EtANaAlCr). These compounds crystallize in non-centrosymmetric monoclinic polar structures (space group Pn) and undergo order-disorder phase transitions upon heating to the monoclinic centrosymmetric structure (space group P21/n) at 369 (EtANaAl) and 373 K (EtANaCr). In principle, they are ferroelectric below these temperatures...
October 18, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Gyuho Song, Yeonho You, Wonjoon Jeong, Junwan Lee, Yongchul Cho, Seungwhan Lee, Seung Ryu, Jinwoong Lee, Seungwhan Kim, Insool Yoo
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to an acute myocardial infarction without cardiogenic shock required higher doses of vasopressors with low targeted temperature management (TTM) after return of spontaneous circulation. METHODS: We included consecutive comatose patients resuscitated from OHCA between January 2011 and December 2013. Patients with return of spontaneous circulation, regional wall motion abnormality on echocardiography, and coronary artery stenosis of ≥70% on percutaneous coronary artery angiography were enrolled...
March 2016: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Tetsuhito Muranaka, Satoshi Yuki, Yoshito Komatsu, Kentaro Sawada, Kazuaki Harada, Yasuyuki Kawamoto, Hiroshi Nakatsumi, Naoya Sakamoto
PURPOSE: The International Organization for Standardization-5fluorouracil (FU) 10 trial found that bolus 5-FU and l-leucovorin was not inferior to S-1 in the treatment of gastric cancer (GC). Continuous 5-FU and the rapid injection of 5-FU have different anti-cancer effects. Thus, bolus 5-FU and l-leucovorin treatment might be useful for oral FU-resistant GC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of all patients with S-1 or capecitabine-resistant, unresectable, or recurrent GC treated with bolus 5-FU and l-leucovorin between January 2010 and December 2015 at Hokkaido University Hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Gastric Cancer
Vibeke Strand, Eun Bong Lee, Roy Fleischmann, Rieke E Alten, Tamas Koncz, Samuel H Zwillich, David Gruben, Bethanie Wilkinson, Sriram Krishnaswami, Gene Wallenstein
OBJECTIVES: To compare patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in methotrexate (MTX)-naive patients (defined as no prior treatment or ≤3 doses) receiving tofacitinib versus MTX. METHODS: In the 24-month, phase III, randomised, controlled, ORAL Start trial (NCT01039688), patients were randomised 2:2:1 to receive tofacitinib 5 mg two times per day (n=373), tofacitinib 10 mg two times per day (n=397) or MTX (n=186). PROs assessed included Patient Global Assessment of disease (PtGA), pain, Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F) and health-related quality of life (Short Form-36 [SF-36])...
2016: RMD Open
Jay Thakkar, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Gaurav Purohit, Swetha Thakkar, Jitender Sharma, Sunilkumar Verma, Neeraj Parakh, Sandeep Seth, Sundeep Mishra, Rakesh Yadav, Sandeep Singh, Rohina Joshi, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Text message based prevention programs have demonstrated reduction in cardiovascular risk factors among patients with CHD in selected populations. Customisation is important as behaviour change is influenced by culture and linguistic context. OBJECTIVES: To customise a mobile phone text message program supporting behaviour and treatment adherence in CHD for delivery in North India...
2016: Heart Asia
Jinniu Hu, Hiroshi Toki, Hong Shen
We study the properties of nuclear matter with lattice nucleon-nucleon (NN) potential in the relativistic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock (RBHF) theory. To use this potential in such a microscopic many-body theory, we firstly have to construct a one-boson-exchange potential (OBEP) based on the latest lattice NN potential. Three mesons, pion, σ meson, and ω meson, are considered. Their coupling constants and cut-off momenta are determined by fitting the on-shell behaviors and phase shifts of the lattice force, respectively...
October 18, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yujia Zhou, Gesheng Wang, Jialin Liu, Yong Du, Lei Wang, Xiaoyong Wang
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of medical adhesive glue for tension-reduced duraplasty in decompressive craniotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 56 cases were enrolled for this study from Jan 2013 to May 2015. All patients underwent decompressive craniotomy and the dura was repaired in all of them with tension-reduced duraplasty using the COMPONT medical adhesive to glue artificial dura together. The postoperative complications and the healing of dura mater were observed and recorded...
October 14, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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