keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anatomy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150693/a-collection-of-genetically-engineered-populus-trees-reveals-wood-biomass-traits-that-predict-glucose-yield-from-enzymatic-hydrolysis
#1
Sacha Escamez, Madhavi Latha Gandla, Marta Derba-Maceluch, Sven-Olof Lundqvist, Ewa J Mellerowicz, Leif J Jönsson, Hannele Tuominen
Wood represents a promising source of sugars to produce bio-based renewables, including biofuels. However, breaking down lignocellulose requires costly pretreatments because lignocellulose is recalcitrant to enzymatic saccharification. Increasing saccharification potential would greatly contribute to make wood a competitive alternative to petroleum, but this requires improving wood properties. To identify wood biomass traits associated with saccharification, we analyzed a total of 65 traits related to wood chemistry, anatomy and structure, biomass production and saccharification in 40 genetically engineered Populus tree lines...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150315/surgical-options-for-osteoporotic-vertebral-compression-fractures-complicated-with-spinal-deformity-and-neurologic-deficit
#2
Kalliopi Alpantaki, Michael Dohm, Panagiotis Korovessis, Alexander G Hadjipavlou
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes surgical options for Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) with acute flexible or chronic rigid kyphosis, and pseudarthrosis complicated with pain and neurologic deficit. METHODS: This study has two components. a) A prospective clinical study of surgical treatment of 31 patients (age: 69±11 years) with either acute flexible or progressive pseudarthrotic kyphosis manifested with severe pain or neurological deficit between 2010 and 2014...
November 12, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150310/zika-virus-in-french-polynesia-2013-14-anatomy-of-a-completed-outbreak
#3
REVIEW
Didier Musso, Hervé Bossin, Henri Pierre Mallet, Marianne Besnard, Julien Broult, Laure Baudouin, José Eduardo Levi, Ester C Sabino, Frederic Ghawche, Marion C Lanteri, David Baud
The Zika virus crisis exemplified the risk associated with emerging pathogens and was a reminder that preparedness for the worst-case scenario, although challenging, is needed. Herein, we review all data reported during the unexpected emergence of Zika virus in French Polynesia in late 2013. We focus on the new findings reported during this outbreak, especially the first description of severe neurological complications in adults and the retrospective description of CNS malformations in neonates, the isolation of Zika virus in semen, the potential for blood-transfusion transmission, mother-to-child transmission, and the development of new diagnostic assays...
November 14, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150242/anterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-strokes-based-on-variant-vascular-anatomy-of-the-posterior-circulation-clinical-deficits-and-imaging-territories
#4
Melissa M Chen, Stephen R Chen, Pedro Diaz-Marchan, Donald Schomer, Vinodh A Kumar
We report imaging findings of 3 patients with anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) infarcts who presented with atypical clinical findings of cerebellar strokes. AICA strokes are rare, and diagnosis can be difficult because of the high variability of the posterior circulation vascular anatomy. We describe the embryology and variant anatomy of AICA so that clinicians can understand and recognize the patterns of these infarcts.
November 14, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150037/esophagectomy-after-weight-reduction-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Katy A Marino, Benny Weksler
Obesity is now epidemic worldwide, and an increasing number of patients have undergone a weight-loss procedure. Although obesity is a risk factor for esophageal cancer, there are few reports on esophagectomy after bariatric procedures. Careful understanding of the patient's gastroesophageal anatomy as a result of the bariatric procedure and attention to the creation of the esophageal replacement conduit are fundamental for the success of esophagectomy after bariatric surgery.
February 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149982/marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-effectively-reduce-histologic-changes-in-a-rat-model-of-chronic-renal-allograft-rejection
#6
P Yu, Z Wang, Y Liu, Z Xiao, Y Guo, M Li, M Zhao
BACKGROUND: Chronic allograft rejection remains as the leading cause of the chronic renal grafts loss post-transplantation. No therapy has been found really effective to prevent and treat chronic allograft rejection. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have characteristics of immunomodulation and are expected to be used for inducing graft immune tolerance in organ transplantation. We investigated the efficacy and safety of early infusion of donor-derived marrow MSCs in a rat model of chronic renal allograft rejection...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149952/financial-impact-of-incidental-radiologic-findings-during-living-kidney-donor-evaluation
#7
A Mutneja, L Saling, M Yano, A Vijayan
Living kidney donor (LKD) transplantation is an important alternative for the end-stage renal disease population and is preferred due to superior outcomes when compared with dialysis or deceased donor transplantation. LKD evaluation includes a computed tomography angiogram (CTA) for assessment of renal and renovascular anatomy. Incidental nonrenal findings are frequently noted during the CTAs, and these may have variable clinical significance. These incidental findings lead to further testing, procedures, and referrals, which incur additional cost...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149371/imaging-patterns-of-venous-related-brain-injury-in-children
#8
Luke L Linscott, James L Leach, Blaise V Jones, Todd A Abruzzo
Venous-related brain injury is a common form of cerebrovascular injury in children and encompasses a diverse group of cerebrovascular diagnoses. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to introduce the relevant anatomy, pathophysiology and various imaging patterns of venous-related cerebral injury in children. Unifying concepts to better understand the effects of venous hypertension in the developing brain will be emphasized. These unifying concepts will provide the imaging professional with a conceptual framework to better understand and confidently identify imaging patterns of venous-related cerebral injury...
December 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149245/high-dimensional-therapeutic-inference-in-the-focally-damaged-human-brain
#9
Tianbo Xu, Hans Rolf Jäger, Masud Husain, Geraint Rees, Parashkev Nachev
Though consistency across the population renders the extraordinarily complex functional anatomy of the human brain surveyable, the inverse inference-from common functional maps to individual behaviour-is constrained by marked individual deviation from the population mean. Such inference is fundamental to the evaluation of therapeutic interventions in focal brain injury, where the impact of an induced structural change in the brain is quantified by its behavioural consequences, inevitably refracted through the lens of lesion-outcome relations...
November 15, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149032/optimal-line-and-tube-placement-in-very-preterm-neonates-an-audit-of-practice
#10
Daragh Finn, Hannah Kinoshita, Vicki Livingstone, Eugene M Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Placement of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) and umbilical catheters (UCs) is essential in very preterm infant care. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an educational initiative to optimize correct placement of ETTs and UCs in very preterm infants. METHODS: A pre-post study design, evaluating optimal radiological position of ETTs and UCs in the first 72 h of life in infants <32 weeks gestational age (GA) was performed. Baseline data was obtained from a preceding 34-month period...
November 17, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148902/microsurgical-anatomy-and-approaches-around-the-lateral-recess-with-special-reference-to-entry-into-the-pons
#11
Osamu Akiyama, Ken Matsushima, Maximiliano Nunez, Satoshi Matsuo, Akihide Kondo, Hajime Arai, Albert L Rhoton, Toshio Matsushima
OBJECTIVE The lateral recess is a unique structure communicating between the ventricle and cistern, which is exposed when treating lesions involving the fourth ventricle and the brainstem with surgical approaches such as the transcerebellomedullary fissure approach. In this study, the authors examined the microsurgical anatomy around the lateral recess, including the fiber tracts, and analyzed their findings with respect to surgical exposure of the lateral recess and entry into the lower pons. METHODS Ten cadaveric heads were examined with microsurgical techniques, and 2 heads were examined with fiber dissection to clarify the anatomy between the lateral recess and adjacent structures...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148257/multiscale-memory-and-bioelectric-error-correction-in-the-cytoplasm-cytoskeleton-membrane-system
#12
REVIEW
Chris Fields, Michael Levin
A fundamental aspect of life is the modification of anatomy, physiology, and behavior in the face of changing conditions. This is especially illustrated by the adaptive regulation of growth and form that underlies the ability of most organisms-from single cells to complex large metazoa-to develop, remodel, and regenerate to specific anatomical patterns. What is the relationship of the genome and other cellular components to the robust computations that underlie this remarkable pattern homeostasis? Here we examine the role of constraints defined at the cellular level, especially endogenous bioelectricity, in generating and propagating biological information...
November 17, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148119/the-anatomy-of-the-pediatric-airway-has-our-knowledge-changed-in-120-years-a-review-of-historic-and-recent-investigations-of-the-anatomy-of-the-pediatric-larynx
#13
REVIEW
Josef Holzki, Karen A Brown, Robert G Carroll, Charles J Coté
BACKGROUND: There is disagreement regarding the anatomy of the pediatric airway, particularly regarding the shape of the cricoid cartilage and the location of the narrowest portion of the larynx. AIMS: The aim of this review is to clarify the origin and the science behind these differing views. METHODS: We undertook a review of published literature, University Libraries, and authoritative textbooks with key search words and phrases. RESULTS: In vivo observations suggest that the narrowest portion of the airway is more proximal than the cricoid cartilage...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148042/comparative-anatomy-of-zebrafish-paired-and-median-fin-muscles-basis-for-functional-developmental-and-macroevolutionary-studies
#14
Natalia Siomava, Rui Diogo
In the last decades, Danio rerio became one of the most used model organisms in various evo-devo studies devoted to the fin skeletal anatomy and fin-limb transition. Surprisingly, there is not even a single paper about the detailed anatomy of the adult muscles of the five fin types of this species. To facilitate more integrative developmental, functional, genetic, and evolutionary studies of the appendicular musculoskeletal system of the zebrafish and to provide a basis for further comparisons with other fishes and tetrapods, we describe here the identity, overall configuration, and attachments of appendicular muscles in a way that can be easily understood and implemented by non-anatomist researchers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147912/tracheal-agenesis-optimization-of-computed-tomography-diagnosis-by-airway-ventilation
#15
REVIEW
Marirosa Cristallo Lacalamita, Sebastien Fau, Aurelie Bornand, Isabelle Vidal, Antonella Martino, Isabelle Eperon, Seema Toso, Anne-Laure Rougemont, Sylviane Hanquinet
Tracheal agenesis is a rare and often lethal congenital defect that leads to airway emergency at birth. Computed tomography (CT) is the modality of choice to evaluate anomalous tracheal anatomy. The absence of spontaneous aeration of the tracheobronchial tree in children with tracheal agenesis makes CT interpretation difficult. We describe a procedure of airway management applied in two newborns with suspected tracheal agenesis. Correct airway management was performed immediately prior to CT examination by airway ventilation, with bag-valve mask alone in one case, and attached to an endotracheal tube placed into the esophagus in the other case...
November 17, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147777/how-i-do-it-selective-amygdalohippocampectomy-via-a-navigated-temporobasal-approach-when-veins-forbid-elevation-of-the-temporal-lobe
#16
Daniel Delev, Johannes Schramm, Hans Clusmann
BACKGROUND: Selective amygdalohippocampectomy is an effective treatment option for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy associated with hippocampal sclerosis. METHODS: To describe and emphasize potential pitfalls during selective amygdalohippocampectomy via a modified navigated temporobasal approach, in cases, where temporal basal veins hinder the required elevation of the temporal lobe. CONCLUSIONS: Selective amygdalohippocampectomy via navigated temporobasal approach is a safe procedure that can reduce the rate of visual field deficits by avoiding damage of optic radiation...
November 16, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147171/recent-progress-of-bypass-surgery-to-the-dialysis-dependent-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#17
Nobuyoshi Azuma, Shinsuke Kikuchi, Hiroko Okuda, Keisuke Miyake, Atsuhiro Koya
According to expansion of dialysis-dependent population, more than half of patients with critical ischemic limbs are dialysis-dependent in Japan. Although patients with end-staged renal disease are well-known as poor life prognosis, well-managed dialysis patients in Japan can survive much longer compared to dialysis patients in the United States and Europe. Therefore, some dialysis patients can enjoy the long-term benefits of bypass surgery. To decide the indication of bypass surgery, patient's general condition, nutrition status, and vein availability are more important rather than arterial disease anatomy...
September 25, 2017: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147147/collective-behavior-of-large-scale-neural-networks-with-gpu-acceleration
#18
Jingyi Qu, Rubin Wang
In this paper, the collective behaviors of a small-world neuronal network motivated by the anatomy of a mammalian cortex based on both Izhikevich model and Rulkov model are studied. The Izhikevich model can not only reproduce the rich behaviors of biological neurons but also has only two equations and one nonlinear term. Rulkov model is in the form of difference equations that generate a sequence of membrane potential samples in discrete moments of time to improve computational efficiency. These two models are suitable for the construction of large scale neural networks...
December 2017: Cognitive Neurodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146727/primary-intraventricular-haemorrhage-due-to-rupture-of-giant-varix-of-the-basal-vein-of-rosenthal-in-a-patient-with-long-standing-direct-ccf-angiographic-features-and-treatment-considerations
#19
Chinmay P Nagesh, Aneesh Mohimen, Santhosh K Kannath, Jayadevan E Rajan
Direct carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF) are often detected early and treated promptly resulting in a paucity of literature regarding its long-term evolution. We present a case of high flow post-traumatic direct CCF that was neglected for over 6 years and presented with a rare manifestation of primary intraventricular haemorrhage. Occlusions of the primary venous outlets likely resulted in engorgement of the deep venous system. The segmental anatomy of the shunting basal vein is critical to the clinical presentation and may range from basal ganglia or brainstem oedema/infarctions to uniquely, as in our case, isolated intraventricular haemorrhage secondary to variceal rupture...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146623/variations-in-rotation-of-the-aortic-root-and-membranous-septum-with-implications-for-transcatheter-valve-implantation
#20
Justin T Tretter, Shumpei Mori, Farhood Saremi, Sathish Chikkabyrappa, Kristen Thomas, Fang Bu, Rohit S Loomba, Tarek Alsaied, Diane E Spicer, Robert H Anderson
OBJECTIVE: It is intuitive to suggest that knowledge of the variation in the anatomy of the aortic root may influence the outcomes of transcatheter implantation of the aortic valve (TAVI). We have now assessed such variation. METHODS: We used 26 specimens of normal hearts and 78 CT data sets of adults with a mean age of 64±15 years to measure the dimensions of the membranous septum and to assess any influence played by rotation of the aortic root, inferring the relationship to the atrioventricular conduction axis...
November 16, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
keyword
keyword
655
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"