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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768655/let-7e-inhibits-tnf-%C3%AE-expression-by-targeting-the-methyl-transferase-ezh2-in-denv2-infected-thp-1-cells
#1
Yingke Zhang, Qianqian Zhang, Lian Gui, Yan Cai, Xiaohong Deng, Cheukfai Li, Qi Guo, Xiaoshun He, Junqi Huang
Tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), an important inflammatory cytokine, is associated with dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS), a severe pathological manifestation of dengue virus (DENV) infection. However, the regulatory mechanism of microRNA on TNFα is currently unknown. Our study showed that the TNFα expression increased immediately and then later decreased, while a marked increase for the miRNA let-7e was detected in dengue virus type 2 (DENV2)-infected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743404/-epigenetic-aberrations-in-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma-and-development-of-a-novel-ezh1-2-inhibitor
#2
Makoto Yamagishi
Histone H3 lysine 27 tri-methylation (H3K27me3) -dependent transcription regulation is a fundamental process of gene control. Although EZH2 mutation is observed in certain lymphoma types, many other cancers show global H3K27me3 accumulation irrespective of mutation. However, the underlying mechanisms of gene silencing and therapeutic efficacies of epigenetic drugs remain unclear. In this study, we showed that globally-accumulated H3K27me3 is induced by both cis-bound EZH1 and EZH2 in mature lymphocyte-derived malignancies...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681498/distinct-stimulatory-mechanisms-regulate-the-catalytic-activity-of-polycomb-repressive-complex-2
#3
Chul-Hwan Lee, Marlene Holder, Daniel Grau, Ricardo Saldaña-Meyer, Jia-Ray Yu, Rais Ahmad Ganai, Jenny Zhang, Miao Wang, Gary LeRoy, Marc-Werner Dobenecker, Danny Reinberg, Karim-Jean Armache
The maintenance of gene expression patterns during metazoan development is achieved, in part, by the actions of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2). PRC2 catalyzes mono-, di-, and trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27), with H3K27me2/3 being strongly associated with silenced genes. We demonstrate that EZH1 and EZH2, the two mutually exclusive catalytic subunits of PRC2, are differentially activated by various mechanisms. Whereas both PRC2-EZH1 and PRC2-EZH2 are able to catalyze mono- and dimethylation, only PRC2-EZH2 is strongly activated by allosteric modulators and specific chromatin substrates to catalyze trimethylation of H3K27 in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs)...
April 13, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606589/the-h3k36me2-methyltransferase-nsd1-demarcates-prc2-mediated-h3k27me2-and-h3k27me3-domains-in-embryonic-stem-cells
#4
Gundula Streubel, Ariane Watson, Sri Ganesh Jammula, Andrea Scelfo, Darren J Fitzpatrick, Giorgio Oliviero, Rachel McCole, Eric Conway, Eleanor Glancy, Gian Luca Negri, Eugene Dillon, Kieran Wynne, Diego Pasini, Nevan J Krogan, Adrian P Bracken, Gerard Cagney
The Polycomb repressor complex 2 (PRC2) is composed of the core subunits Ezh1/2, Suz12, and Eed, and it mediates all di- and tri-methylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 in higher eukaryotes. However, little is known about how the catalytic activity of PRC2 is regulated to demarcate H3K27me2 and H3K27me3 domains across the genome. To address this, we mapped the endogenous interactomes of Ezh2 and Suz12 in embryonic stem cells (ESCs), and we combined this with a functional screen for H3K27 methylation marks. We found that Nsd1-mediated H3K36me2 co-locates with H3K27me2, and its loss leads to genome-wide expansion of H3K27me3...
April 19, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542684/exosomes-from-suxiao-jiuxin-pill-treated-cardiac-mesenchymal-stem-cells-decrease-h3k27-demethylase-utx-expression-in-mouse-cardiomyocytes-in-vitro
#5
Xiao-Fen Ruan, Yong-Jun Li, Cheng-Wei Ju, Yan Shen, Wei Lei, Can Chen, Yang Li, Hong Yu, Yu-Tao Liu, Il-Man Kim, Xiao-Long Wang, Neal L Weintraub, Yaoliang Tang
Suxiao Jiuxin pill (SJP) is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome in China, which contains two principal components, tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) and borneol (BOR). Thus far, however, the molecular mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of SJP on the cardiac microenvironment are unknown. Cardiac mesenchymal stem cells (C-MSCs) communicate with cardiomyocytes (CMs) through the release of microvesicles (exosomes) to restore cardiac homeostasis and elicit repair, in part through epigenetic regulatory mechanisms...
April 2018: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515677/pharmacological-inhibition-of-ezh2-disrupts-the-female-germline-epigenome
#6
Lexie Prokopuk, Kirsten Hogg, Patrick S Western
Background: Recently discovered drugs that target epigenetic modifying complexes are providing new treatment options for a range of cancers that affect patients of reproductive age. Although these drugs provide new therapies, it is likely that they will also affect epigenetic programming in sperm and oocytes. A promising target is Enhancer of Zeste 2 (EZH2), which establishes the essential epigenetic modification, H3K27me3, during development. Results: In this study, we demonstrate that inhibition of EZH1/2 with the clinically relevant drug, tazemetostat, severely depletes H3K27me3 in growing oocytes of adult female mice...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363553/hematopoietic-stem-progenitor-cell-senescence-is-associated-with-altered-expression-profiles-of-cellular-memory-involved-gene
#7
Yongpin Dong, Xiaolan Lian, Yanwu Xu, Haiyan Hu, Cen Chang, Haiyin Zhang, Lina Zhang
To evaluate the contributions of cellular memory mechanisms to hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) senescence. HSPCs (Lin- CD117+ , hereafter referred to as HSPC) were separated from young (6-week-old) and aged (18-month-old) mice using Magnetic Activated Cell Sorting (MACS). Cell cycle distribution of HSPCs was determined using flow cytometry. The mixed colony forming unit (CFU-Mix) assay was used to study the HSPCs' ability to proliferate. The mRNA expression levels of cellular memory-implicated PCG family (enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (Ezh2), B lymphoma mo-MLV insertion region 1 (Bmi-1), embryonic ectoderm development (Eed), melanoma nuclear protein 18 (Mel18), Mph1/polyhomeotic-like protein 1 (Rae-28)) and Trithorax group (TrxG) family (mixed lineage leukemia (Mll), thioredoxin (Trx)) were determined by quantitative real-time PCR...
February 28, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978842/molecular-pathogenesis-and-its-therapeutic-implication-for-atl
#8
Kenji Ishitsuka
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is a peripheral T-cell malignancy caused by human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-1). HTLV-1 related proteins Tax and HTLV-1 bZIP factor induce immortalization and transformation of HTLV-1-infected T-lymphocytes and eventually induce clonal proliferation. One of the apparent molecular features in ATL cells is abundant genomic abnormalities targeting characteristic pathways, including T-cell receptor signaling and the NF-κB pathway, G-protein coupled-receptor, including CCR4, and transcriptional regulation...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951561/dual-inhibition-of-ezh1-2-breaks-the-quiescence-of-leukemia-stem-cells-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#9
S Fujita, D Honma, N Adachi, K Araki, E Takamatsu, T Katsumoto, K Yamagata, K Akashi, K Aoyama, A Iwama, I Kitabayashi
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive and lethal blood cancer originating from rare populations of leukemia stem cells (LSCs). AML relapse after conventional chemotherapy is caused by a remaining population of drug-resistant LSCs. Selective targeting of the chemoresistant population is a promising strategy for preventing and treating AML relapse. Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) trimethylates histone H3 at lysine 27 to maintain the stemness of LSCs. Here, we show that quiescent LSCs expressed the highest levels of enhancer of zeste (EZH) 1 and EZH2, the PRC2 catalytic subunits, in the AML hierarchy, and that dual inactivation of EZH1/2 eradicated quiescent LSCs to cure AML...
April 2018: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939884/prc2-specifies-ectoderm-lineages-and-maintains-pluripotency-in-primed-but-not-na%C3%A3-ve-escs
#10
Yongli Shan, Zechuan Liang, Qi Xing, Tian Zhang, Bo Wang, Shulan Tian, Wenhao Huang, Yanqi Zhang, Jiao Yao, Yanling Zhu, Ke Huang, Yujian Liu, Xiaoshan Wang, Qianyu Chen, Jian Zhang, Bizhi Shang, Shengbiao Li, Xi Shi, Baojian Liao, Cong Zhang, Keyu Lai, Xiaofen Zhong, Xiaodong Shu, Jinyong Wang, Hongjie Yao, Jiekai Chen, Duanqing Pei, Guangjin Pan
Polycomb repressive complex 2 and the epigenetic mark that it deposits, H3K27me3, are evolutionarily conserved and play critical roles in development and cancer. However, their roles in cell fate decisions in early embryonic development remain poorly understood. Here we report that knockout of polycomb repressive complex 2 genes in human embryonic stem cells causes pluripotency loss and spontaneous differentiation toward a meso-endoderm fate, owing to de-repression of BMP signalling. Moreover, human embryonic stem cells with deletion of EZH1 or EZH2 fail to differentiate into ectoderm lineages...
September 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811345/inhibitors-of-the-histone-methyltransferases-ezh2-1-induce-a-potent-antiviral-state-and-suppress-infection-by-diverse-viral-pathogens
#11
Jesse H Arbuckle, Paul J Gardina, David N Gordon, Heather D Hickman, Jonathan W Yewdell, Theodore C Pierson, Timothy G Myers, Thomas M Kristie
Epigenetic regulation is based on a network of complexes that modulate the chromatin character and structure of the genome to impact gene expression, cell fate, and development. Thus, epigenetic modulators represent novel therapeutic targets used to treat a range of diseases, including malignancies. Infectious pathogens such as herpesviruses are also regulated by cellular epigenetic machinery, and epigenetic therapeutics represent a novel approach used to control infection, persistence, and the resulting recurrent disease...
August 15, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741798/novel-orally-bioavailable-ezh1-2-dual-inhibitors-with-greater-antitumor-efficacy-than-an-ezh2-selective-inhibitor
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Daisuke Honma, Osamu Kanno, Jun Watanabe, Junzo Kinoshita, Makoto Hirasawa, Emi Nosaka, Machiko Shiroishi, Takeshi Takizawa, Isao Yasumatsu, Takao Horiuchi, Akira Nakao, Keisuke Suzuki, Tomonori Yamasaki, Katsuyoshi Nakajima, Miho Hayakawa, Takanori Yamazaki, Ajay Singh Yadav, Nobuaki Adachi
Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) methylates histone H3 lysine 27 and represses gene expression to regulate cell proliferation and differentiation. Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) or its close homolog EZH1 functions as a catalytic subunit of PRC2, so there are two PRC2 complexes containing either EZH2 or EZH1. Tumorigenic functions of EZH2 and its synthetic lethality with some subunits of SWItch/Sucrose Non-Fermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodeling complexes have been observed. However, little is known about the function of EZH1 in tumorigenesis...
October 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684617/ez-switch-from-ezh2-to-ezh1-histone-methylation-opens-a-window-of-cardiac-regeneration
#13
EDITORIAL
Hyun Kook, Sang-Beom Seo, Rajan Jain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 7, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512107/divergent-requirements-for-ezh1-in-heart-development-versus-regeneration
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Shanshan Ai, Xianhong Yu, Yumei Li, Yong Peng, Chen Li, Yanzhu Yue, Ge Tao, Chuanyun Li, William T Pu, Aibin He
RATIONALE: Polycomb repressive complex 2 is a major epigenetic repressor that deposits methylation on histone H3 on lysine 27 (H3K27me) and controls differentiation and function of many cells, including cardiac myocytes. EZH1 and EZH2 are 2 alternative catalytic subunits with partial functional redundancy. The relative roles of EZH1 and EZH2 in heart development and regeneration are unknown. OBJECTIVE: We compared the roles of EZH1 versus EZH2 in heart development and neonatal heart regeneration...
July 7, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490465/dual-inhibition-of-ezh2-and-ezh1-sensitizes-prc2-dependent-tumors-to-proteasome-inhibition
#15
Ola Rizq, Naoya Mimura, Motohiko Oshima, Atsunori Saraya, Shuhei Koide, Yuko Kato, Kazumasa Aoyama, Yaeko Nakajima-Takagi, Changshan Wang, Tetsuhiro Chiba, Anqi Ma, Jian Jin, Tohru Iseki, Chiaki Nakaseko, Atsushi Iwama
Purpose: EZH2 and EZH1, the catalytic components of polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), trigger trimethylation of H3K27 (H3K27me3) to repress the transcription of target genes and are implicated in the pathogenesis of various cancers including multiple myeloma and prostate cancer. Here, we investigated the preclinical effects of UNC1999, a dual inhibitor of EZH2 and EZH1, in combination with proteasome inhibitors on multiple myeloma and prostate cancer.Experimental Design:In vitro and in vivo efficacy of UNC1999 and the combination with proteasome inhibitors was evaluated in multiple myeloma cell lines, primary patient cells, and in a xenograft model...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394193/ezh2-inhibitors-a-patent-review-2014-2016
#16
REVIEW
Giulia Stazi, Clemens Zwergel, Antonello Mai, Sergio Valente
The histone methyltransferase EZH2 is the catalytic subunit of the PRC2 complex involved in H3K27 trimethylation. Aberrant PRC2 activity has been reported in several cancers and EZH2 overexpression has been associated with poor outcome in different tumors. EZH2 somatic mutations and deletions was found in lymphomas, myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative disorders and associated with higher H3K27me3 levels. Numerous chemical entities have been studied as EZH2 inhibitors in the recent years and some of them entered the cancer clinical arena...
July 2017: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346433/a-cytosolic-ezh1-isoform-modulates-a-prc2-ezh1-epigenetic-adaptive-response-in-postmitotic-cells
#17
Beatrice Bodega, Federica Marasca, Valeria Ranzani, Alessandro Cherubini, Francesco Della Valle, Maria Victoria Neguembor, Michel Wassef, Alessio Zippo, Chiara Lanzuolo, Massimiliano Pagani, Valerio Orlando
The evolution of chromatin-based epigenetic cell memory may be driven not only by the necessity for cells to stably maintain transcription programs, but also by the need to recognize signals and allow plastic responses to environmental stimuli. The mechanistic role of the epigenome in adult postmitotic tissues, however, remains largely unknown. In vertebrates, two variants of the Polycomb repressive complex (PRC2-Ezh2 and PRC2-Ezh1) control gene silencing via methylation of histone H3 on Lys27 (H3K27me). Here we describe a reversible mechanism that involves a novel isoform of Ezh1 (Ezh1β)...
May 2017: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254491/ezh1-in-germ-cells-safeguards-the-function-of-prc2-during-spermatogenesis
#18
Weipeng Mu, Joshua Starmer, Yoichiro Shibata, Della Yee, Terry Magnuson
We previously reported the requirement of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) for spermatogenesis through transcriptional repression of somatic genes and meiosis-specific genes. To characterize how PRC2's two methyltransferase subunits, EZH1 and EZH2, regulate histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27) methylation during germ cell development, we generated mouse models with a germline ablation of EZH1 and/or EHZ2. Only the combined loss of EZH1 and EZH2 caused a depletion of global H3K27me3 marks and meiotic arrest in spermatocytes...
April 15, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194967/multicellular-tumor-spheroids-combined-with-mass-spectrometric-histone-analysis-to-evaluate-epigenetic-drugs
#19
Peter E Feist, Simone Sidoli, Xin Liu, Monica M Schroll, Sharif Rahmy, Rina Fujiwara, Benjamin A Garcia, Amanda B Hummon
Multicellular tumor spheroids (MCTS) are valuable in vitro tumor models frequently used to evaluate the penetration and efficacy of therapeutics. In this study, we evaluated potential differences in epigenetic markers, i.e., histone post-translational modifications (PTMs), in the layers of the HCT116 colon carcinoma MCTS. Cells were grown in agarose-coated 96 well plates, forming reproducible 1-mm-diameter MCTS. The MCTS were fractionated into three radially concentric portions, generating samples containing cells from the core, the mid and the external layers...
March 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897169/ezh1-and-ezh2-promote-skeletal-growth-by-repressing-inhibitors-of-chondrocyte-proliferation-and-hypertrophy
#20
Julian C Lui, Presley Garrison, Quang Nguyen, Michal Ad, Chithra Keembiyehetty, Weiping Chen, Youn Hee Jee, Ellie Landman, Ola Nilsson, Kevin M Barnes, Jeffrey Baron
Histone methyltransferases EZH1 and EZH2 catalyse the trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27), which serves as an epigenetic signal for chromatin condensation and transcriptional repression. Genome-wide associated studies have implicated EZH2 in the control of height and mutations in EZH2 cause Weaver syndrome, which includes skeletal overgrowth. Here we show that the combined loss of Ezh1 and Ezh2 in chondrocytes severely impairs skeletal growth in mice. Both of the principal processes underlying growth plate chondrogenesis, chondrocyte proliferation and hypertrophy, are compromised...
November 29, 2016: Nature Communications
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