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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334642/examining-the-latent-structure-mechanisms-for-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder
#1
Margo C Hurlocker, Desirae N Vidaurri, Lisa-Ann J Cuccurullo, Kelly Maieritsch, C Laurel Franklin
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex psychiatric illness that can be difficult to diagnose, due in part to its comorbidity with major depressive disorder (MDD). Given that researchers have found no difference in prevalence rates of PTSD and MDD after accounting for overlapping symptoms, the latent structures of PTSD and MDD may account for the high comorbidity. In particular, the PTSD Negative Alterations in Cognition and Mood (NACM) and Hyperarousal factors have been characterized as non-specific to PTSD...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334234/is-there-an-association-between-severity-of-illness-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure
#2
D Guenzani, M Buoli, G S Carnevali, M Serati, P Messa, S Vettoretti
Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a frequent condition in elderly subjects, and it is associated with psychiatric comorbidity, especially depressive symptoms. Purpose of the present research was to compare patients with different severity of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in terms of psychiatric symptoms. One hundred CKD subjects were randomly selected among those attending the Department of Nephrology, University of Milan. The patients were evaluated through the following rating scales: Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), Kidney Disease Quality of Life- Short Form (KDQOL-SF) and Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS)...
January 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332683/insomnia-in-primary-care-a-study-from-india
#3
T S Jaisoorya, Ajit Bhalchandra Dahale, Kumar G Sunil, L Manoj, G R Gokul, K Thennarassu
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and clinical correlates of insomnia among a sample of primary care attendees, in the state of Kerala, India. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 7017 adult patients [18-60 years] attending 71 primary health centers selected by cluster random sampling. MEASUREMENTS: Patients were assessed for insomnia using the Insomnia Severity Index...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331978/postdischarge-service-utilisation-and-outcomes-among-chinese-and-south-asian-psychiatric-inpatients-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Maria Chiu, Evgenia Gatov, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Lebenbaum, Longdi Fu, Alice Newman, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the short-term and long-term impacts of psychiatric hospitalisations among patients of Chinese and South Asian origin. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based cohort study using linked health administrative data. SETTING: We examined all adult psychiatric inpatients discharged between 1 April 2006 and 31 March 2014 in Ontario, Canada, who were classified as Chinese, South Asian and all other ethnicities (ie, 'general population') using a validated algorithm...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331602/a-cross-continental-analysis-of-weight-gain-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medication-use-during-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-the-international-study-on-physical-illness-in-mentally-ill
#5
Christina Engelke, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Stephanie Peter, Kai G Kahl, Karel Frasch, Jens I Larsen, Graziella G Bickel, Bernhard Bork, Bent A Jacobsen, Signe O Wallenstein-Jensen, Christoph Lauber, Birthe Mogensen, Jørgen A Nielsen, Wulf Rössler, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kristian L Toftegaard, Ulla A Andersen, Richard Uwakwe, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Joachim Cordes
Weight gain among psychiatric inpatients is a widespread phenomenon. This change in body mass index (BMI) can be caused by several factors. Based on recent research, we assume the following factors are related to weight gain during psychiatric inpatient treatment: psychiatric medication, psychiatric diagnosis, sex, age, weight on admission and geographic region of treatment. 876 of originally recruited 2328 patients met the criteria for our analysis. Patients were recruited and examined in mental health care centres in Nigeria (N = 265), Japan (N = 145) and Western-Europe (Denmark, Germany and Switzerland; N = 466)...
December 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330149/voluntary-exercise-and-depression-like-behavior-in-rodents-are-we-running-in-the-right-direction
#6
Joram D Mul
Acute or chronic exposure to stress can increase the risk to develop major depressive disorder, a severe, recurrent and common psychiatric condition. Depression places an enormous social and financial burden on modern society. Although many depressed patients are treated with antidepressants, their efficacy is only modest, underscoring the necessity to develop clinically-effective pharmaceutical or behavioral treatments. Exercise training produces beneficial effects on stress-related mental disorders, indicative of clinical potential...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328897/high-users-of-healthcare-strategies-to-improve-care-reduce-costs
#7
REVIEW
Neil Siekman, Rick Hilger
A minority of patients consume a disproportionate amount of healthcare, especially in the emergency department. These "high users" are a small but complex group whose expenses are driven largely by low socioeconomic status, mental illness, and drug abuse; lack of social services also contributes. Several promising efforts aimed at improving quality and reducing healthcare costs for high users include care management organizations, patient care plans, and better discharge summaries.
January 2018: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328871/achieving-mental-health-and-substance-use-disorder-treatment-parity-a-quarter-century-of-policy-making-and-research
#8
Emma Peterson, Susan Busch
The Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) of 2008 changed the landscape of mental health and substance use disorder coverage in the United States. The MHPAEA's comprehensiveness compared with past parity laws, including its extension of parity to plan management strategies, the so-called nonquantitative treatment limitations (NQTL), led to significant improvements in mental health care coverage. In this article, we review the history of this landmark legislation and its recent expansions to new populations, describe past research on the effects of this and other mental health/substance use disorder parity laws, and describe some directions for future research, including NQTL compliance issues, effects of parity on individuals with severe mental illness, and measurement of benefits other than mental health care use...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327599/motor-skills-cognition-and-work-performance-of-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#9
Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky, Dikla Elgerisi, Adam Easterbrook, Navah Z Ratzon
PURPOSE: Employment offers many benefits to people with mental illness, yet their employment rate is much lower than that of the general population. We investigated the effect of work-related motor skills, neurocognition, and job attitudes on the work performance of people with mental illness, comparing those working in sheltered workshops, with controls working in similar jobs. METHODS: Twenty-nine adults with severe mental illness and 27 controls matched by gender and age were enrolled into the study using convenience sampling...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327166/loneliness-in-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Michelle H Lim, John F M Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, David L Penn
PURPOSE: The aim of the review is to understand the relationships between loneliness and related psychological and social factors in individuals with psychosis. Loneliness is poorly understood in people with psychosis. Given the myriad of social challenges facing individuals with psychosis, these findings can inform psychosocial interventions that specifically target loneliness in this vulnerable group. METHODS: We adhered to the PRISMA guidelines and systematically reviewed empirical studies that measured loneliness either as a main outcome or as an associated variable in individuals with psychosis...
January 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325583/an-integrated-delivery-of-care-approach-to-improve-patient-reported-physical-function-and-mental-wellbeing-after-orthopedic-trauma-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Laura Zdziarski-Horodyski, MaryBeth Horodyski, Kalia K Sadasivan, Jennifer Hagen, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Matthew Patrick, Robert Guenther, Heather K Vincent
BACKGROUND: Orthopedic trauma injury impacts nearly 2.8 million people each year. Despite surgical improvements and excellent survivorship rates, many patients experience poor quality of life (QOL) outcomes years later. Psychological distress commonly occurs after injury. Distressed patients more frequently experience rehospitalizations, pain medication dependence, and low QOL. This study was developed to test whether an integrative care approach (IntCare; ten-step program of emotional support, education, customized resources, and medical care) was superior to usual care (UsCare)...
January 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325433/mental-health-ill-health-differences-in-disease-severity-and-its-sociodemographic-biobehavioral-predictors-among-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
Hamed Rezakhani Moghaddam, Haidar Nadrian, Nategh Abbagolizadeh, Towhid Babazadeh, Mehran Aghemiri, Asaad Fathipour
Our aim in this cross-sectional study was to investigate mental health-ill health differences in disease severity and its sociodemographic biobehavioral predictors among patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Applying convenient sampling, 180 patients with knee OA in Tabriz, Iran, were recruited to participate in completing a three-section questionnaire (SF-12, Lequesne Algofunctional Index and Self-Management Behaviors Scale). Separate hierarchical multiple linear regressions were performed with OA severity as dependent variable: one for OA patients with positive mental health and other for OA patients with mental disorders symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321123/comparative-analysis-of-women-with-notable-subjective-health-indicators-compared-with-participants-in-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Christoph Schnelle, Eunice J Minford, Vanessa McHardy, Jane Keep
BACKGROUND: At least six communities with unusually good health and longevity have been identified, but their lifestyles aren't adopted widely. Informal evidence suggests that women associated with Universal Medicine (UM), a complementary medicine health care organization in Eastern Australia and the United Kingdom with normal lifestyles, also have several unusual health indicators. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine how UM participants compared with women in the Australian population at large on a variety of health indicators...
January 10, 2018: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318771/safety-of-service-users-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-inpatient-care-on-medical-and-surgical-wards-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Ella Reeves, Catherine Henshall, Marie Hutchinson, Debra Jackson
This review aimed to synthesize the evidence on the likelihood of harm and mortality on medical and surgical inpatient wards for people with severe mental illness (SMI). From 937 results identified through database searching, and a further 10 papers identified through citation searching and hand searching, 11 papers met the criteria for inclusion in the final review. This review did not find strong evidence for higher in-hospital mortality in people with SMI. There was evidence that adverse events are higher in people with SMI...
February 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316979/the-association-between-mental-health-nursing-and-hospital-admissions-for-people-with-serious-mental-illness-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#15
Matthew J Leach, Martin Jones, Dan Bressington, Fiona Nolan, Adrian Jones, Kuda Muyambi, Marianne Gillam, Richard Gray
BACKGROUND: Relapse in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) is a frequent occurrence and can add considerably to the burden of disease. As such, relapse prevention is an essential therapeutic outcome for people with SMI. Mental health nurses (MHNs) are well placed to support individuals with SMI and to prevent relapse; notwithstanding, there has been no synthesis of the evidence to date to determine whether MHNs prevent relapse in this population. METHODS: Electronic databases will be systemically searched for observational studies and clinical trials that report the association between mental health nursing and the hospitalisation of persons living with an SMI...
January 9, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316894/access-to-primary-and-specialized-somatic-health-care-for-persons-with-severe-mental-illness-a-qualitative-study-of-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-in-swedish-health-care
#16
Elisabeth Björk Brämberg, Jarl Torgerson, Anna Norman Kjellström, Peder Welin, Marie Rusner
BACKGROUND: Persons with severe mental illness (e.g. schizophrenia, bipolar disorder) have a high prevalence of somatic conditions compared to the general population. Mortality data in the Nordic countries reveal that these persons die 15-20 years earlier than the general population. Some factors explaining this high prevalence may be related to the individuals in question; others arise from the health care system's difficulty in offering somatic health care to these patient groups. The aim of the present study was therefore to explore the experiences and views of patients, relatives and clinicians regarding individual and organizational factors which facilitate or hinder access to somatic health care for persons with severe mental illness...
January 9, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306907/new-aspects-in-the-pathomechanism-of-diseases-of-civilization-particularly-psychosomatic-disorders-part-2-chronic-hypocapnia-and-hypercapnia-in-the-medical-practice
#17
Andras Sikter, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto de Guevara
The authors seek to find new connections between recent results of biology and older theories. This paper aims to assemble the jigsaw puzzle. The theoretical background of the hypothesis was described in the previous issue of the journal (Sikter et al. 2017a). Human stress response often coexists with persistent hypocapnia or hypercapnia - developing via psychosomatic pathomechanism - which can lead to mental and psychosomatic illnesses. Chronic hypocapnia mainly generates hyperarousal disorders which may be reversible for an extended time, however, vicious cycles may start when hypoxia and/or severe somatic diseases are simultaneously present (commonly in the elderly), which conditions often end with death without medical help...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304845/testing-decision-making-competency-of-schizophrenia-participants-in-clinical-trials-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#18
Sorin Hostiuc, Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Ionut Negoi, Eduard Drima
BACKGROUND: The process of assessing the decision-making capacity of potential subjects before their inclusion in clinical trials is a legal requirement and a moral obligation, as it is essential for respecting their autonomy. This issue is especially important in psychiatry patients (such as those diagnosed with schizophrenia). The primary purpose of this article was to evaluate the degree of impairment in each dimension of decision-making capacity in schizophrenia patients compared to non-mentally-ill controls, as quantified by the (MacCAT-CR) instrument...
January 5, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304780/the-influence-of-maternal-psychosocial-circumstances-and-physical-environment-on-the-risk-of-severe-wasting-in-rural-gambian-infants-a-mixed-methods-approach
#19
Helen M Nabwera, Sophie E Moore, Martha K Mwangome, Sassy C Molyneux, Momodou K Darboe, Nyima Camara-Trawally, Bakary Sonko, Alhagie Darboe, Seedy Singhateh, Anthony J Fulford, Andrew M Prentice
BACKGROUND: Severe wasting affects 16 million under 5's and carries an immediate risk of death. Prevalence remains unacceptably high in sub-Saharan Africa and early infancy is a high-risk period. We aimed to explore risk factors for severe wasting in rural Gambian infants. METHODS: We undertook a case-control study from November 2014 to June 2015, in rural Gambia. Cases had WHO standard weight-for-length z-scores (WLZ) < -3 on at least 1 occasion in infancy...
January 6, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298965/stigmatization-of-psychiatrists-by-pedagogues
#20
Andrzej Witusik
Psychiatrists, as well as their patients, are the objects of the stigmatization process. The question arises as to whether stigmatization of psychiatrists is a phenomenon that occurs among the pedagogues. Answering this question has an important social dimension because it is the teacher and the pedagogue who shapes the attitudes of young people. AIM: Aim of the study was preliminary, pilot assessment of the severity of stigmatization of psychiatrists by teachers and educators who do not have everyday contact with mentally ill patients...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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