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Complementary and Alternative Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446027/the-prevalence-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-dermatology-outpatients-in-shiraz-iran
#1
Ladan Dastgheib, Saman Farahangiz, Zeinab Adelpour, Alireza Salehi
The objective of this study was to assess complementary and alternative medicine use and its related factors among Iranian dermatology outpatients. In this cross-sectional study, a self-structured questionnaire was administered to 600 dermatology outpatients. Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and binary logistic regression test were used. A total of 188 (31.3%) patients had used one of complementary and alternative medicine methods. The most frequent method used was herbal medicine (89.9%). The mean years of duration of the skin condition were significantly higher in complementary and alternative medicine users compared with nonusers ( P = ...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434471/factors-associated-with-complementary-medicine-use-in-pediatric-musculoskeletal-conditions-results-from-a-national-survey
#2
Ezra M Cohen, Michelle L Dossett, Darshan H Mehta, Roger B Davis, Yvonne C Lee
OBJECTIVES: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is common in children, but its use has only been investigated in children with musculoskeletal conditions (MSK) to a limited extent. We aimed to characterize factors associated with CAM use in children with MSK conditions. METHODS: Within the 2012 National Health Interview Survey dataset (including its child CAM supplement), we examined factors associated with CAM use in children with MSK conditions and performed an analysis examining the perceived usefulness of CAM therapies for MSK conditions...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426356/focus-group-findings-of-smoking-onset-among-male-youth-in-china
#3
Vivian C Sheer, Chang Molly Mao, Yi-Ru Regina Chen
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is associated with smoking initiation among men in China. The lack of qualitative studies using Chinese adolescent samples can pose challenges to enacting effective smoking prevention messages that resonate with male Chinese teenagers' thoughts, needs, and wishes. OBJECTIVE: This focus group study was designed to obtain in-depth contextual information on early smoking among male teenagers in China. METHODS: Twenty focus groups of 7-10 male students from vocational and junior colleges (N = 165) were conducted, approximately half in Shanxi and half in Guangdong...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417094/contemporary-acupressure-therapy-adroit-cure-for-painless-recovery-of-therapeutic-ailments
#4
REVIEW
Piyush Mehta, Vishwas Dhapte, Shivajirao Kadam, Vividha Dhapte
Since time immemorial, complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) have played a significant role in human health care. CAM is known to have a strong reputation and reliability within every culture to provide basic health care treatment for patients. CAM acts as a better therapeutic option in human being for treating various diseases and improving quality of life with apt consideration to the economic aspects. Acupressure, one of the known CAM, originated in ancient China is based on the principal of acupoints activation across the meridians which correct the imbalance between Qi...
April 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403816/substantial-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-maternity-care-practitioner-consultations-and-treatments-during-pregnancy-estimates-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-pregnant-women-in-australia
#5
Jon Adams, Amie Steel, Jane Frawley, Alex Broom, David Sibbritt
BACKGROUND: A wide range of health care options are utilised by pregnant women in Australia. The out-of-pocket costs of maternity care in Australia vary depending on many factors including model of care utilised, health insurance coverage, and women's decision to access health services outside of conventional maternity care provision. METHODS: Women from the 1973-78 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) who identified as pregnant or as recently having given birth in 2009 were invited to complete a sub-study questionnaire investigating health service utilisation during their most recent pregnancy...
April 12, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403461/toward-enhancing-treatment-for-pregnant-smokers-laying-the-groundwork-for-the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-approaches
#6
Amy M Loree, Steven J Ondersma, Emily R Grekin
Introduction: Although effective treatments exist, most women who smoke during pregnancy neither seek nor receive treatment. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments (eg, mindfulness, yoga, and acupuncture) may be attractive, low-cost options that can be used to assist a large proportion of pregnant women with smoking cessation. Methods: This study examined participant characteristics and treatment utilization among pregnant smokers in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in order to explore the prevalence and predictors of CAM use for any purpose within this population...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401813/epistemological-challenges-in-contemporary-western-healthcare-systems-exemplified-by-people-s-widespread-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#7
Anita Salamonsen, Rolf Ahlzén
Modern Western public healthcare systems offer predominantly publicly subsidized healthcare traditionally based on biomedicine as the most important basis to cure persons who suffer from disorders of somatic or psychiatric nature. To which extent this epistemological position is suitable for this purpose is under scientific debate and challenged by some people's personal understandings of health and illness, their individual illness experiences and their decision-making. Current studies show decreasing levels of patient trust in Western public healthcare and a widespread patient-initiated use of complementary and alternative medicine which is often linked to unmet patient-defined healthcare needs...
January 1, 2017: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390519/integrative-medicine-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#8
REVIEW
David F Drake, Anne M Hudak, William Robbins
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that are not presently considered to be a part of conventional medicine. Integrative medicine combines treatment with conventional medical practices and elements of CAM in which there is strong evidence in efficacy and safety. Although there is growing interest in the integrative medical approach in treating the patient population with traumatic brain injury, there is a paucity in high-quality clinical trials supporting its use...
May 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390416/prevalence-and-determinants-of-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-hypertensive-patients-attending-primary-health-care-facilities-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Aimée M Lulebo, Mala A Mapatano, Paulin B Mutombo, Eric M Mafuta, Gédéon Samba, Yves Coppieters
BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of the Congo the control of hypertension is poor, characterized by an increasing number of reported cases of hypertension related complications. Poor control of hypertension is associated with non-adherence to antihypertensive medication. It is well established that the use of complementary and alternative medicine is one of the main factors of non-adherence to antihypertensive medication. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and factors associated with the use of complementary and alternative medicine...
April 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381096/bee-safe-a-skill-building-intervention-to-enhance-cam-health-literacy-lessons-learned
#10
Jean Shreffler-Grant, Elizabeth G Nichols, Clarann Weinert
The purpose is to describe a feasibility study of a skill-building intervention to enhance health literacy about complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies among older rural adults and share lessons learned. A study was designed to examine the feasibility of an intervention to enhance CAM health literacy. The theme was "Bee SAFE" for Be a wise user of CAM, Safety, Amount, From where, and Effect. Modules were presented face to face and by webinar with older adults at a senior center in one small rural community...
April 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377918/comparing-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-with-or-without-including-prayer-as-a-modality-in-a-local-and-diverse-united-states-jurisdiction
#11
Brenda Robles, Dawn M Upchurch, Tony Kuo
OBJECTIVES: Few studies to date have examined the utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in a local, ethnically diverse population in the United States (U.S.). Fewer have addressed the differences in their use based on inclusion or exclusion of prayer as a modality. Variable definitions of CAM are known to affect public health surveillance (i.e., continuous, systematic data collection, analysis, and interpretation) or benchmarking (i.e., identifying and comparing key indicators of health to inform community planning) related to this non-mainstream collection of health and wellness therapies...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366902/contextualized-autonomy-and-liberalism-broadening-the-lenses-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicines-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Eric Racine, John Aspler, Cynthia Forlini, Jennifer A Chandler
Given advances in Alzheimer's disease (AD) research, some experts have proposed a state of "preclinical" AD to describe asymptomatic individuals displaying certain biomarkers. The diagnostic accuracy of these biomarkers remains debated; however, given economic pressures, this "diagnosis" may eventually reach consumers. Since evidence-based prevention and treatment options remain only modestly effective, patients may turn to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). We explore ethical challenges associated with CAM use in preclinical AD...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364873/broadening-our-perspectives-on-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-menopause-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Dunia Tonob, Melissa K Melby
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widely used for menopause, although not all women disclose use to their healthcare providers. This narrative review aims to expand providers' understanding of cross-cultural approaches to treating and managing menopause by providing an overarching framework and perspective on CAM treatments. Increased provider understanding and awareness may improve not only provider-patient communication but also effectiveness of treatments. The distinction between illness (what patients suffer) and disease (what physicians treat) highlights the gap between what patients seek and doctors provide, and may help clarify why many women seek CAM at menopause...
May 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364318/reassessing-the-ecology-of-medical-care-in-japan
#14
Tsuguya Fukui, Mahbubur Rahman, Sachiko Ohde, Eri Hoshino, Takeshi Kimura, Kevin Y Urayama, Fumio Omata, Gautam A Deshpande, Osamu Takahashi
Studies on ecology of medical care can provide valuable information on how people seek healthcare in a specific geographic area. The objective of this study was to update a 2003 report on the ecology of medical care in Japan, identifying relevant changes in healthcare patterns. We collected information based on a prospective health diary recorded for a month in 2013 (n = 4548; 3787 adults and 797 children) using a population-weighted random sample from a nationally representative panel. We compared our overall and stratified findings with a similar study conducted in 2003...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364317/herbal-use-and-medical-pluralism-among-latinos-in-southern-california
#15
Nipher M Malika, Arti K Desai, Juan Carlos Belliard
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is often used alongside conventional medical care, yet few patients disclose CAM use to medical doctors. Our objectives were to (1) assess Latino herbal use, (2) explore the most commonly used herbs for common ailments, and (3) examine patients' disclosure of herb use to their physicians. Self-administered questionnaires were collected from 318 Latino patients seeking treatment at community health centers. Descriptive statistical analysis was conducted to determine the frequency of stated objectives among the participants...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363285/disteam-a-decision-support-tool-for-surgical-team-selection
#16
Ashkan Ebadi, Patrick J Tighe, Lei Zhang, Parisa Rashidi
OBJECTIVE: Surgical service providers play a crucial role in the healthcare system. Amongst all the influencing factors, surgical team selection might affect the patients' outcome significantly. The performance of a surgical team not only can depend on the individual members, but it can also depend on the synergy among team members, and could possibly influence patient outcome such as surgical complications. In this paper, we propose a tool for facilitating decision making in surgical team selection based on considering history of the surgical team, as well as the specific characteristics of each patient...
February 2017: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356117/association-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-therapy-and-the-risk-of-dementia-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Kuen-Hau Chen, Ming-Hsien Yeh, Hanoch Livneh, Bor-Chyuan Chen, I-Hsin Lin, Ming-Chi Lu, Tzung-Yi Tsai, Chia-Chou Yeh
BACKGROUND: Patients with hypertension (HTN) reportedly have a higher risk of developing dementia. However, it remains unclear if use of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), the most common form of complementary and alternative medicine, can help lower the risk of dementia for these patients. So the aim of the study was to investigate the effects of TCM on dementia risk among patients with hypertension. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study used the Taiwanese National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to identify 143,382 newly diagnosed hypertension patients aged 20-90 years who received treatment between 1998 and 2007...
March 29, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344484/the-prevalence-extent-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-cam-use-among-saudis
#18
REVIEW
Norah A Alrowais, Nada A Alyousefi
Introduction: There is worldwide interest in the use of CAM. Studying CAM in Saudi population is important as it will reflect the influence of psychosocial, cultural and religious factors on health beliefs and behaviors. The objective of this study was to present an updated review on the use of CAM practices in Saudi Arabia including commonly used types, common conditions for which it has been used and who uses CAM. Methods: This review used data from national surveys conducted in Saudi Arabia and published between 2000 and 2015...
March 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342346/can-wastewater-based-epidemiology-be-used-to-evaluate-the-health-impact-of-temperature-an-exploratory-study-in-an-australian-population
#19
Dung Phung, Jochen Mueller, Foon Yin Lai, Jake O'Brien, Nhung Dang, Lidia Morawska, Phong K Thai
Ambient temperature is known to have impact on population health but assessing its impact by the traditional cohort approach is resource intensive. Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) could be an alternative for the traditional approach. This study was to provide the first evaluation to see if WBE can be used to assess the impact of temperature exposure to a population in South East Queensland, Australia using selected pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) as biomarkers. Daily loads of eight PPCPs in wastewater collected from a wastewater treatment plant were measured from February 2011 to June 2012...
March 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337227/potential-protective-effects-of-bioactive-constituents-from-chinese-propolis-against-acute-oxidative-stress-induced-by-hydrogen-peroxide-in-cardiac-h9c2-cells
#20
Liping Sun, Kai Wang, Xiang Xu, Miaomiao Ge, Yifan Chen, Fuliang Hu
Chinese propolis (CP) is known as a health food but its beneficial effects in protecting cardiomyocytes remain elusive. Here, we investigated the effects of CP and its active compounds on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) induced rats cardiomyocytes (H9c2) oxidative injury. Cell viability decreases induced by H2O2 were mitigated by different CP extracts using various solvents. From these active fractions, six active compounds were separated and identified. Among tested isolated compound, the cytoprotective activities of three caffeates, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), benzyl caffeate (BZC), and cinnamyl caffeate (CNC), exerted stronger effects than chrysin, pinobanksin, and 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid (DMCA)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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