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Complementary and Alternative Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332025/prolegomena-to-a-true-integrative-medical-paradigm
#1
Babak Daneshfard, Mohammad Reza Sanaye, Majid Nimrouzi
When a paradigm starts to show signs of failure to cope with significant questions in any basic/applied branch of human knowledge, there come on the scene those who have perused the related literature enough to either answer those major questions according to the established paradigm or proffer a (wholly) new way of looking at things. In the latter case, the history of science tells us, a paradigm shift takes place. Modern medicine cannot be proven to be totally disconnected from its traditional roots. Where traditional medicine came to give its place to present-day conventional medicine, a number of humanistic aspects of healing, in addition to some axioms of old wisdom, were actually lost...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332021/the-effects-of-reflexology-on-fatigue-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Afitap Ozdelikara, Seval Agcadiken Alkan
Context • Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory, demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. In addition to the progressive nature of the disease, devastating symptoms adversely affect the patient's daily life and future expectations. This situation leads patients to seek complementary and alternative treatments. Objectives • This study was conducted to determine the effects of reflexology on fatigue severity and anxiety in patients with MS. Design • The research was a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design...
January 15, 2018: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322002/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-thalassemia-patients-in-shiraz-southern-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mohammadreza Bordbar, Mehdi Pasalar, Sanaz Safaei, Roza Kamfiroozi, Sohelia Zareifar, Omidreza Zekavat, Sezaneh Haghpanah
This study aimed to determine the frequency and pattern of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in thalassemia patients in south of Iran. The survey was done using a validated questionnaire which was distributed among 122 thalassemia patients. Only 108 questionnaires were completed and turned back (response rate 88.5%). Patients referred to an outpatient thalassemia clinic in Shiraz, southern Iran for blood transfusion. The mean age of the patients was 22.9 ± 7.9 years (range 4-45 years) with female/male ratio 1...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321023/which-risk-understandings-can-be-derived-from-the-current-disharmonized-regulation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-europe
#4
Solveig Wiesener, Anita Salamonsen, Vinjar Fønnebø
BACKGROUND: Many European citizens are seeking complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). These treatments are regulated very differently in the EU/EFTA countries. This may demonstrate differences in how risk associated with the use of CAM is perceived. Since most CAM treatments are practiced fairly similarly across Europe, differing risk understandings may influence patient safety for European CAM users. The overall aim of this article is thus to contribute to an overview and awareness of possible differing risk understandings in the field of CAM at a policymaking/structural level in Europe...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296563/single-repeated-dose-toxicity-and-genotoxicity-assessment-of-herb-formula-kiom2012h
#5
Hwayong Park, Youn-Hwan Hwang, Jin Yeul Ma
Background: Traditional medicine and herbal prescriptions are becoming more popular, and they account for a large share of the world's healthcare research studies, developments, and market demands. Increasing scientific evidence of the substantive efficacies such as preventive health keeping pharmaceutical materials and dietary supplements can be found elsewhere. Above all, safety should be the critical premise for considering developmental materials such as pharmaceuticals without side effects and toxicity...
December 2017: Integrative Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284913/telemental-health-care-an-effective-alternative-to-conventional-mental-care-a-systematic-review
#6
Mostafa Langarizadeh, Mohsen S Tabatabaei, Kamran Tavakol, Majid Naghipour, Alireza Rostami, Fatemeh Moghbeli
Background and Objectives: Due to the high costs of conventional mental health care, there has been a rise in the application of web-based technologies in recent years, i.e., telemental health care. We conducted this systematic review in 2017, using high quality research articles on the applications, technologies, advantages and challenges associated with telemental health care published since year 2000. Methods: We used a combination of relevant key words to search four major databases, such as "Web of Sciences, Embase, PubMed and Science Direct"...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283080/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-contacts-by-persons-with-mental-disorders-in-25-countries-results-from-the-world-mental-health-surveys
#7
P de Jonge, K J Wardenaar, H R Hoenders, S Evans-Lacko, V Kovess-Masfety, S Aguilar-Gaxiola, A Al-Hamzawi, J Alonso, L H Andrade, C Benjet, E J Bromet, R Bruffaerts, B Bunting, J M Caldas-de-Almeida, R V Dinolova, S Florescu, G de Girolamo, O Gureje, J M Haro, C Hu, Y Huang, E G Karam, G Karam, S Lee, J-P Lépine, D Levinson, V Makanjuola, F Navarro-Mateu, B-E Pennell, J Posada-Villa, K Scott, H Tachimori, D Williams, B Wojtyniak, R C Kessler, G Thornicroft
AIMS: A substantial proportion of persons with mental disorders seek treatment from complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) professionals. However, data on how CAM contacts vary across countries, mental disorders and their severity, and health care settings is largely lacking. The aim was therefore to investigate the prevalence of contacts with CAM providers in a large cross-national sample of persons with 12-month mental disorders. METHODS: In the World Mental Health Surveys, the Composite International Diagnostic Interview was administered to determine the presence of past 12 month mental disorders in 138 801 participants aged 18-100 derived from representative general population samples...
December 28, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276633/health-and-safety-at-work-analysis-from-the-brazilian-documentary-film-flesh-and-bone
#8
Luciano Mendes, Heliani Berlato Dos Santos, Elisa Yoshie Ichikawa
Background: The objective of this article is to make some analysis on the process of work and accidents occurring in slaughterhouses, evidenced in the Brazilian documentary film called Flesh and Bone. As such, it was necessary to discuss an alternative theoretical concept in relation to theories about health and safety at work. This alternative discussion focuses on the concepts of biopower and biopolitics. Methods: The use of audiovisual elements in research is not new, and there is already a branch of studies with methodological and epistemological variations...
December 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258376/the-consumption-of-conventional-and-nonconventional-medicines-in-an-italian-province-the-influence-of-sociodemographic-factors-and-health-beliefs
#9
Davide Galesi, Linda Lombi
Many studies have investigated the factors that influence the consumption of medicines. This article aims to compare how these factors affect both conventional medicines (prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines) and nonconventional ones, also named as complementary and alternative medicines (CAM). A questionnaire was administered to a purposive sample of 4,074 inhabitants of the province of Mantua, Italy. Logical regressions were used to identify the variables influencing frequency of use. The consumption frequency of various types of medicines was associated not only with demographic aspects (such as gender, age, and education level) but also with everyday treatment strategies (such as self-medication habits and use of the Internet for medical aims) and health beliefs...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249059/convergent-priorities-and-tensions-a-qualitative-study-of-the-integration-of-complementary-and-alternative-therapies-with-conventional-cancer-treatment
#10
Jo River, Heather McKenzie, David Levy, Nick Pavlakis, Michael Back, Byeongsang Oh
PURPOSE: Demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is high among cancer patients. This, alongside growing evidence for the efficacy of some CAM therapies, is driving change within cancer centres, where evidence-based CAM therapies are increasingly provided alongside standard cancer treatments. In Australia, commitment to equitable access to healthcare is strong, and some cancer centres are now providing integrative services at no cost to the patient. This represents a significant shift in healthcare provision...
December 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246138/the-immunomodulatory-activities-of-licorice-polysaccharides-glycyrrhiza-uralensis-fisch-in-ct-26-tumor-bearing-mice
#11
Peter Amwoga Ayeka, YuHong Bian, Peter Mwitari Githaiga, Ying Zhao
BACKGROUND: The increasing use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has kindled the need for scientific evaluation of the mechanism of action of CAMs. Although, licorice, a common ingredient in many Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has attracted great attention for its antitumor and immunomodulatory activities, the mechanism of action of its polysaccharides is still unclear. Here we report the immunomodulatory activity of licorice polysaccharides in vivo. METHODS: The differential anticancer activities of licorice polysaccharides by tumorigenesis and immunomodulation was evaluated in vivo...
December 15, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244862/application-of-system-dynamics-and-participatory-spatial-group-model-building-in-animal-health-a-case-study-of-east-coast-fever-interventions-in-lundazi-and-monze-districts-of-zambia
#12
Chisoni Mumba, Eystein Skjerve, Magda Rich, Karl M Rich
East Coast Fever (ECF) is the most economically important production disease among traditional beef cattle farmers in Zambia. Despite the disease control efforts by the government, donors, and farmers, ECF cases are increasing. Why does ECF oscillate over time? Can alternative approaches such as systems thinking contribute solutions to the complex ECF problem, avoid unintended consequences, and achieve sustainable results? To answer these research questions and inform the design and implementation of ECF interventions, we qualitatively investigated the influence of dynamic socio-economic, cultural, and ecological factors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237332/traditional-complementary-and-alternative-medical-cures-for-hiv-rationale-and-implications-for-hiv-cure-research
#13
Xin Pan, Alice Zhang, Gail E Henderson, Stuart Rennie, Chuncheng Liu, Weiping Cai, Feng Wu, Joseph D Tucker
Traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine (TCAM) has been used by some people living with HIV (PLHIV) in an attempt to cure HIV. This article reviews the main factors influencing their decision to choose TCAM to cure HIV and discusses implications for HIV cure research. Those who decide to pursue traditional, complementary, and alternative medical cures may be influenced by the health system, cultural, and social dynamics, and their own individual beliefs and preferences. These same factors may impact participation in HIV cure research...
December 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231955/musicians-are-high-consumers-of-complementary-and-alternative-healthcare-services-the-norwegian-musicians-health-project
#14
Jonas Vaag, Ottar Bjerkeset
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the use of analgesic medication and manual and alternative healthcare services among Norwegian musicians compared to the general workforce. METHODS: 1,607 musicians from the Norwegian Musicians' Union answered an online questionnaire about demographic characteristics, use of healthcare services, and use of medication. They were compared to a sample of the Norwegian workforce (n=2,610) from the Norwegian survey of level of living. Based on logistic regression analysis, adjusting for age, sex and education, we compared the self-reported use of different forms of healthcare services and medication in musicians to the general workforce...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230550/-acupuncture-covered-by-statutory-health-insurance-in-germany-an-observational-study-based-on-claims-data
#15
L Hickstein, S Kiel, C Raus, S Heß, J Walker, J-F Chenot
BACKGROUND: The coverage for acupuncture for chronic lower back or knee pain by the statutory health insurance was introduced in 2007. The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics of patients and providers of acupuncture and temporal and regional trends in the utilization of acupuncture. METHODS: This retrospective observational study used anonymized statutory health insurance claims data from a sample of roughly four million subjects. The sample is representative of the German population regarding age and gender in 2013...
December 11, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227277/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-in-georgia
#16
I Nadareishvili, K Lunze, N Tabagari, A Beraia, G Pkhakadze
In Georgia, like in most countries globally, people commonly resort to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). However, not much is known about CAM practices there. The aim of the study was to document common practices of CAM in Georgia and related patient attitudes. We collected data from peoples who commonly use CAM at 20 service provision centers in Georgia using cluster sampling from 300 patients. We admininstered a cross-sectional survey and conducted descriptive statistical analyses. People in Georgia use CAM either for prevention to improve general health (33%) or to treat chronic conditions (36%), spending about 25 Euros per month out of pocket...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218996/use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-among-newly-diagnosed-breast-cancer-patients-in-malaysia-an-early-report-from-the-mybcc-study
#17
Aina Farhana Zulkipli, Tania Islam, Nur Aishah Mohd Taib, Maznah Dahlui, Nirmala Bhoo-Pathy, Nabilla Al-Sadat, Hazreen Abdul Majid, Samsinah Hussain
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has increased and little is known on CAM use during the initial period. Therefore, the aim was to determine prevalence of CAM use among newly diagnosed breast cancer patients prior to seeking conventional treatment. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involved interviewing newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in the University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) using a structured questionnaire...
December 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210874/ischemic-stroke-patients-decision-making-process-in-their-use-of-western-medicine-and-alternative-and-complementary-medicine
#18
Chen-Ying Hsieh, Shou-Yu Wang, Yeu-Hui Chuang, Ho-Hsiang Chen
Stroke is ranked third among the top 10 causes of death in Taiwan. Besides a high mortality rate, stroke survivors are often left with physical or functional sequela. This study aimed to explore ischemic stroke patients' decision-making process using Western medicine (WM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). This study is a qualitative study based on grounded theory. A total of 12 participants were recruited. Findings revealed that the participants accepted WM and CAM treatments following the onset of ischemic stroke...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205082/energetic-modalities-as-a-self-care-technique-to-reduce-stress-in-nursing-students
#19
Deborah Kramer
This article describes the outcomes of nursing students taking a course in complementary and alternative therapies focusing on energetic modalities that were used as a means of self-care. Students kept journal logs and did a formal presentation for the class. Nursing students reported decreased stress and improved concentration, academic performance, productivity, and problem-solving while experiencing a greater appreciation of their clinical experiences. Using Therapeutic Touch and other subtle energy interactions, the students also cited improved interpersonal relationships, increased feelings of calmness, a higher degree of self-awareness and self-care, reduced physical pain, increased energy, and greater appreciation of the world around them...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188410/developmental-pathways-from-parental-socioeconomic-status-to-adolescent-substance-use-alternative-and-complementary-reinforcement
#20
Jungeun Olivia Lee, Junhan Cho, Yoewon Yoon, Mariel S Bello, Rubin Khoddam, Adam M Leventhal
Although lower socioeconomic status has been linked to increased youth substance use, much less research has determined potential mechanisms explaining the association. The current longitudinal study tested whether alternative (i.e., pleasure gained from activities without any concurrent use of substances) and complementary (i.e., pleasure gained from activities in tandem with substance use) reinforcement mediate the link between lower socioeconomic status and youth substance use. Further, we tested whether alternative and complementary reinforcement and youth substance use gradually unfold over time and then intersect with one another in a cascading manner...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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