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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346648/glomus-faciale-tumors-a-report-of-3-cases-and-literature-review
#1
Sahar Nadimi, John P Leonetti, Sam J Marzo, Douglas E Anderson, Gulrez Mahmood, Derek Bumgarner
Our objectives in reporting this case series are to familiarize readers with the rare occurrence of paragangliomas originating along the facial nerve and to provide a literature review. We describe 3 such cases that occurred at our tertiary care academic medical center. Two women and 1 man presented with a tumor adjacent to the vertical segment of the facial nerve. The first patient, a 48-year-old woman, presented with what appeared to be a parotid tumor at the stylomastoid foramen; she underwent a parotidectomy, transmastoid facial nerve decompression, and a shave biopsy of the tumor...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346644/laryngoceles-concepts-of-diagnosis-and-management
#2
Mohammad Kamal Mobashir, Waleed M Basha, Abd ElRaof Mohamed, Mostafa Hassaan, Ahmed M Anany
A laryngocele is an abnormal dilatation of the laryngeal saccule. It is a rare benign lesion of the larynx. Various modalities of treatment have been advocated for its management. We present our treatment results and outcomes of a series of cases of laryngoceles and discuss the concepts of their management. This study included patients with different laryngocele types. Patients with an internal laryngocele underwent endoscopic CO2 laser resection, while those with a combined laryngocele underwent resection via a V-shaped lateral thyrotomy approach...
March 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346565/anticholinergic-burden-and-functional-status-in-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#3
V Boccardi, M Baroni, L Paolacci, S Ercolani, A Longo, M Giordano, C Ruggiero, P Mecocci
OBJECTIVE: The use of drugs with intrinsic anticholinergic properties is widespread among old age persons. A growing body of evidences suggest that a high anticholinergic burden is associated with physical and cognitive impairment. However, the association between anticholinergic drug use and functional status is still poorly investigated, particularly among subjects with initial cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining the association between drug-related anticholinergic burden and functional status in cognitively healthy (CH) (n=691), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n=541) or mild Alzheimer's diseases (AD) (n=1127) subjects...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346473/oral-administration-of-bifidobacterium-bifidum-g9-1-alleviates-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-through-regulation-of-intestinal-homeostasis-by-inducing-mucosal-protective-factors
#4
Tomohiro Kawahara, Yutaka Makizaki, Yosuke Oikawa, Yoshiki Tanaka, Ayako Maeda, Masaki Shimakawa, Satoshi Komoto, Kyoko Moriguchi, Hiroshi Ohno, Koki Taniguchi
Human rotavirus (RV) infection is a leading cause of dehydrating diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. Since therapeutic approaches to RV gastroenteritis are limited to alleviation of dehydration with oral rehydration solutions, more direct approaches to palliate symptoms of RV gastroenteritis are required. Treatments with probiotics have been increasingly recognized as alternative safe and low cost treatments for moderate infectious diarrhea. In this study, Bifidobacterium bifidum G9-1 (BBG9-1), which has been used as an intestinal drug for several decades, was shown to have a remarkable protective effect against RV gastroenteritis in a suckling mice model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346387/oprm1-c-118a-g-polymorphism-and-duration-of-morphine-treatment-associated-with-morphine-doses-and-quality-of-life-in-palliative-cancer-pain-settings
#5
Aline Hajj, Lucine Halepian, Nada El Osta, Georges Chahine, Joseph Kattan, Lydia Rabbaa Khabbaz
Despite increased attention on assessment and management, pain remains the most persistent symptom in patients with cancer, in particular in end-of-life settings, with detrimental impact on their quality-of-life (QOL). We conducted this study to evaluate the added value of determining some genetic and non-genetic factors to optimize cancer pain treatment. Eighty-nine patients were included in the study for the evaluation of palliative cancer pain management. The regression analysis showed that age, OPRM1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), as well as the duration of morphine treatment were significantly associated with morphine doses at 24 h (given by infusion pump; p = 0...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345986/children-and-young-people-with-diabetes-recognition-and-management
#6
Hamish Hamilton, Grace Knudsen, Camelia Laura Vaina, Michelle Smith, Siba Prosad Paul
Diabetes mellitus (type 1) is an autoimmune condition leading to absolute insulin deficiency resulting in hyperglycaemia and its associated manifestations. It is the most common type of diabetes seen in children, characterised by the 4Ts (toilet, thinner, thirsty, tired). The signs and symptoms can sometimes be non-specific and a delay or missed diagnosis may be catastrophic to the health of the child. Children with an established diagnosis of diabetes often present to the health service with issues such as hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia, or diabetic ketoacidosis...
March 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345782/red-cell-distribution-width-as-a-novel-predictor-of-postoperative-respiratory-adverse-events-after-adenotonsillectomy
#7
Betul Kozanhan, Mehmet S Iyisoy
BACKGROUND: Respiratory adverse events are commonly observed after adenotonsillectomy in children with sleep-disordered breathing. Preoperative prediction of these events enhances quality of care and resource management in facilities while encouraging precautions against them. Red cell distribution width, a measure of erythrocyte size variability, has recently been linked to adverse outcomes in a variety of disorders. Red cell distribution width has also been found to be associated with severity of obstructive sleep apnea in adults due to hypoxia-mediated inflammation...
March 27, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345779/sacral-neuromodulation-for-detrusor-hyperactivity-with-impaired-contractility
#8
Derek B Hennessey, Nathan Hoag, Johan Gani
INTRODUCTION: Detrusor hyperactivity with impaired contractility (DHIC) is a challenging condition to manage. Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is a proven treatment modality for both the individual aspects of DHIC. To date, data reporting the outcome of SNM for DHIC are lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing SNM for DHIC were followed prospectively, from April 2013 to October 2016. Patient demographics, bladder diaries, subjective response rates, ICIQ-OAB, and PGI-I scores were recorded...
March 27, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345515/treatment-of-salivary-stones-by-intraductal-pneumatic-lithotripsy-a-preliminary-presentation-of-the-stonebreaker-with-sterile-bag-covering
#9
P A Oddon, G Royer, N Graillon, F Marchal, C Chossegros, J M Foletti
INTRODUCTION: Sialendoscopy has changed the management of obstructive sialadenitis. Nowadays, minimally invasive techniques evolve to preserve salivary gland function. Intraductal lithotripsy allows stones fragmentation and retrieval without opening the salivary duct. We report our experience with the StoneBreaker (SB), a new lithotripter with improvement using a sterile bag that permits reuse of the SB without passing to sterilization. TECHNICAL NOTE: The non-sterilized SB was used into a sterile camera sleeve in 5 patients, 3 submandibular lithiases and 2 parotid lithiases...
February 17, 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345427/emotional-freedom-techniques-eft-as-a-practice-for-supporting-chronic-disease-healthcare-a-practitioners-perspective
#10
Mahima Kalla, Margaret Simmons, Anske Robinson, Peta Stapleton
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to explore Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) practitioners' experiences of using EFT to support chronic disease patients. This was part of a larger study exploring chronic disease patients' and EFT practitioners' experiences of using EFT to support chronic disease healthcare. METHODS: A qualitative approach was deemed suitable for this study. Eight practitioners were interviewed using semi-structured interviews via telephone or Zoom (an online video-conferencing platform)...
March 27, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344921/german-guideline-for-the-management-of-adverse-reactions-to-ingested-histamine-guideline-of-the-german-society-for-allergology-and-clinical-immunology-dgaki-the-german-society-for-pediatric-allergology-and-environmental-medicine-gpa-the-german-association-of
#11
Imke Reese, Barbara Ballmer-Weber, Kirsten Beyer, Thomas Fuchs, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Ludger Klimek, Ute Lepp, Bodo Niggemann, Joachim Saloga, Christiane Schäfer, Thomas Werfel, Torsten Zuberbier, Margitta Worm
Adverse food reactions are far more often perceived than objectively verified. In our scientific knowledge on non-allergic adverse reactions including the so called histamine intolerance, there are large deficits. Due to the fact that this disorder is increasingly discussed in the media and the internet, more and more people suspect it to be the trigger of their symptoms. The scientific evidence to support the postulated link between ingestion of histamine and adverse reactions is limited, and a reliable laboratory test for objective diagnosis is lacking...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344764/atypical-antipsychotics-recent-research-findings-and-applications-to-clinical-practice-proceedings-of-a-symposium-presented-at-the-29th-annual-european-college-of-neuropsychopharmacology-congress-19-september-2016-vienna-austria
#12
REVIEW
Robin Murray, Christoph U Correll, Gavin P Reynolds, David Taylor
Available evidence suggests that second-generation atypical antipsychotics are broadly similar to first-generation agents in terms of their efficacy, but may have a more favourable tolerability profile, primarily by being less likely to cause extrapyramidal symptoms. However, atypical antipsychotics are variably associated with disturbances in the cardiometabolic arena, including increased body weight and the development of metabolic syndrome, which may reflect differences in their receptor binding profiles...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344656/levodopa-carbidopa-enteral-suspension-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease-clinical-evidence-and-experience
#13
REVIEW
Johan Virhammar, Dag Nyholm
The duration of action of oral levodopa becomes shorter as Parkinson's disease (PD) progresses. Patients with advanced PD may develop potentially disabling motor fluctuations and abnormal involuntary movement (dyskinesia), which cannot be managed with optimized oral or transdermal PD medications. The progressively worsening symptoms can have a substantial impact on the patient quality of life (QoL). Levodopa-carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) is delivered continuously via a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy with a jejunal extension (PEG-J)...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344029/herbasl-remedies-for-urinary-stones-used-in-india-and-china-a-review
#14
REVIEW
Deepak M Kasote, Suresh D Jagtap, Dinesh Thapa, Mahendra S Khyade, Wendy R Russell
ETHANOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The process of formation or appearance of a urinary stone anywhere in the renal tract is known as urolithiasis. It is a longstanding health problem, known to exist since early age of civilization. Records about symptoms, signs and treatment strategies of urinary stones diseases are found in the several ancient texts of traditional medicines such as Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), Siddha and Unani. In Ayurveda, urolithiasis has been considered as one of the eight most troublesome diseases...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343205/-biliary-atresia-signs-and-symptoms-diagnosis-clinical-management
#15
Ewa Orłowska, Piotr Czubkowski, Piotr Socha
Biliary atresia is a chronic cholangiopathy leading to progressive fibrosis of both intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts. The cause of the condition is unknown. Fundamental management of biliary atresia is surgical intervention and the outcomes of the treatment depend on the child's age with best results when performed within the first 2 months of life. Thus, the main role of pediatric healthcare is an urgent differential diagnosis and prompt qualification for the surgery, optimal postoperative management and early qualification for the liver transplantation in patients with persistent cholestasis...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343174/mirna-analysis-in-pancreatic-cancer-the-dartmouth-experience
#16
Francine B de Abreu, Xiaoying Liu, Gregory J Tsongalis
Pancreatic cancer is considered one of the most lethal cancers being the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in adults in the United States because of the lack of early signs and symptoms and the lack of early detection. Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most common histological type among pancreatic cancers, representing 80%-90% of all solid tumors of the pancreas. The majority of PDAC develops from three precursor lesions: pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia, intraductual papillary mucinous neoplasm and mucinous cystic neoplasm...
March 27, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343155/more-than-just-muscle-spasms-a-rare-presentation-of-aortic-dissection
#17
Ebisa Bekele, Deepthi Chaitanya Kagolanu, Martin Kim, Kent Stephenson
Acute aortic dissection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, often from complications including aortic regurgitation, cardiac tamponade and myocardial infarction. Typical clinical presentation includes a sudden onset of severe chest pain, although this is not always consistent. Clinical signs and symptoms are diverse with an estimated 38% of cases being missed on initial evaluation. Primary neurological symptoms at presentation are rare but have been reported often to coexist with chest pain...
March 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342990/telephone-adapted-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-tmbsr-for-patients-awaiting-kidney-transplantation
#18
Cynthia R Gross, Maryanne Reilly-Spong, Taehwan Park, Ruizhi Zhao, Olga V Gurvich, Hassan N Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Patients with progressive kidney disease experience increasing physiologic and psychosocial stressors and declining health-related quality of life (HRQOL). METHODS: We conducted a randomized, active-controlled, open-label trial to test whether a Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program delivered in a novel workshop-teleconference format would reduce symptoms and improve HRQOL in patients awaiting kidney transplantation. Sixty-three transplant candidates were randomized to one of two arms: i) telephone-adapted MBSR (tMBSR, an 8-week program of meditation and yoga); or ii) a telephone-based support group (tSupport)...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342683/white-grape-juice-elicits-a-lower-breath-hydrogen-response-compared-with-apple-juice-in-healthy-human-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Jennifer Erickson, Qi Wang, Joanne Slavin
BACKGROUND: Diets low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPS) are used to manage symptoms in individuals with irritable bowel syndrome. Although effective at reducing symptoms, the diet can be complex and restrictive. In addition, there are still large gaps in the literature and many foods with unclear effects in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, like fruit juice. Although many fruits are allowable on a low-FODMAP diet, consumption of all fruit juice is generally cautioned due to the large fructose load contained in juice, regardless of the glucose concentration...
March 22, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342655/tacrolimus-induced-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-with-delayed-multi-segmental-vasoconstriction
#20
Satoshi Kodama, Tatsuo Mano, Akihiro Masuzawa, Yasutaka Hirata, Yuki Nagasako, Kagari Koshi Mano, Masashi Hamada, Yasuo Terao, Toshihiro Hayashi, Minoru Ono, Shoji Tsuji
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a cerebrovascular syndrome characterized by multi-segmental constrictions of the cerebral arteries that resolves spontaneously within 3 months. Although RCVS is considered to be due to transient dysregulation of vascular tone, the exact pathomechanism remains unclear. We describe the case of a 15-year-old girl with RCVS induced by tacrolimus, who developed generalized seizure during the postoperative course of orthotropic heart transplantation. Magnetic resonance imaging at symptom onset showed a few vasoconstrictions accompanying brain edema and convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
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