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Symptoms management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107572/introduction-of-a-new-paediatric-asthma-guideline-effects-on-asthma-control-levels
#1
S C Hammer, L J H Sonneveld, K D G van de Kant, H J Hendriks, J W Heynens, R Droog, E Dompeling, Q Jöbsis
BACKGROUND: In 2008, a new national paediatric asthma management guideline based on the international Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guideline, was launched in the Netherlands. We studied whether asthma control and treatment regimens improved after introduction of the guideline by comparing survey data before and after the guideline introduction. METHODS: Two comparable groups of children (6-16 years) with asthma were included before (2004) and after (2013) the introduction of the guideline...
January 20, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#2
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107437/hyperventilation-with-maintenance-of-isocapnia-an-old-new-method-in-carbon-monoxide-intoxication
#3
Jacek Sein Anand, Daria Schetz, Wojciech Waldman, Marek Wiśniewski
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) is among the most common causes of acute and chronic poisonings worldwide. The crucial point of treatment of such acute poisonings is to eliminate CO from the body as fast as possible. There are currently two approaches to the management of the CO intoxication: hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HOT) and normobaric oxygen therapy (NOT). HOT is highly effective and capable of achieving the CO elimination half-time (T½) as low as 15 minutes. Unfortunately this method is expensive and not always readily available...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107336/symptom-management-the-effects-of-self-affirmation-on-chemotherapy-related-symptoms%C3%A2
#4
Meltem Yildirim, Hatice Gulsoy, Makbule Batmaz, Cansu Ozgat, Gulser Yesilbursali, Reyhan Aydin, Sedanur Ekiz
BACKGROUND: Positive effects of auditory stimulations are common in symptom management. However, the effect of self-affirmations on symptom management is not well known.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of self-affirmations and nature sounds on chemotherapy-related symptoms.
. METHODS: This randomized, controlled experimental study was conducted with 140 patients receiving chemotherapy. The first experimental group listened to affirmations, the second listened to nature sounds, and the third listened to both...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107324/symptom-burden-experiences-of-puerto-rican-men-with-prostate-cancer-prior-to-external-beam-radiation-therapy
#5
Velda J Gonzalez, Susan C McMillan, Maureen Groer, Segundo Imbert, Elsa Pedro
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in men in Puerto Rico, and external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is a popular treatment. Although symptom management is a clinical priority of comprehensive oncology care, symptom assessment at the time of primary or adjuvant EBRT has received limited attention. OBJECTIVES: This article examines the prevalence and severity of symptoms experienced by 54 Puerto Rican men prior to EBRT. METHODS: Participants completed a demographic form and the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106717/air-embolism-diagnosis-clinical-management-and-outcomes
#6
Colin J McCarthy, Sasan Behravesh, Sailendra G Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Air embolism is a rare but potentially fatal complication of surgical procedures. Rapid recognition and intervention is critical for reducing morbidity and mortality. We retrospectively characterized our experience with air embolism during medical procedures at a tertiary medical center. Electronic medical records were searched for all cases of air embolism over a 25-year period; relevant medical and imaging records were reviewed. Sixty-seven air embolism cases were identified; the mean age was 59 years (range, 3-89 years)...
January 17, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106714/a-promising-future-for-prostate-cancer-diagnostics
#7
EDITORIAL
Stephen J Assinder, Vanitha Bhoopalan
It has been estimated that globally there is a death attributable to prostate cancer every four minutes. As life expectancy in all world regions increases, so too incidence of this disease of the ageing male will increase. For many men diagnosis occurs after presentation with symptoms of altered urinary dynamics. Unfortunately, these changes, whilst also associated with benign disease, are evident quite late in the aetiology of prostate cancer. Early detection provides for better management and prognosis. This Special Issue provides an up to date view of the advances made towards early diagnosis and prognosis...
January 17, 2017: Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106705/repair-of-orbital-floor-fracture-with-modified-transnasal-endoscopic-approach-through-anterior-space-to-nasolacrimal-duct
#8
Motohiko Suzuki, Yoshihisa Nakamura, Shinya Ozaki, Makoto Yokota, Shingo Murakami
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic approach provides excellent magnification and visualization, and a purely transnasal approach is minimally invasive method. However, it is very difficult to repair anterior and lateral fractures with the previous transnasal endoscopic approaches, since repair of orbital fractures is managed through the middle meatus and ostium from the posterior side of the nasolacrimal duct with side-viewing endoscope and curved instruments. Therefore, the authors used modified transnasal endoscopic approach as an alternative for repair of orbital floor fractures in order to effectively reach the lateral or anterior fracture of the orbital floor with straight endoscope and instruments endoscopically...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106688/eagle-syndrome-an-unusual-cause-limited-mouth-opening-and-surgical-management
#9
Tahrir N Aldelaimi, Saman W Boskani, Shakhawan M Ali, Payman K Mahmud
Eagle syndrome defined "stylalgia" occurs when an elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament causes dysphagia, facial pain recurrent throat pain or foreign body sensation, also associated symptoms such as neck or throat pain with radiation to the ear. The symptoms related to this condition can be confused or miss diagnosis to a wide variety of facial neuralgias. The incidence of Eagle syndrome varies among population. Usually asymptomatic, it occurs in adult patients, can be diagnosed by physical examination and radiologically...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106624/intraoperative-electrocochleography-a-window-into-endolymphatic-hydrops-in-a-patient-with-an-endolymphatic-sac-tumor
#10
William J Riggs, Dominic J Catalano, Michael S Harris, Oliver F Adunka, Aaron C Moberly
OBJECTIVES: Intraoperative electrocochleography (ECochG) provides valuable information regarding inner ear function during surgical procedures. Here, we report findings from ECochG collected at three time intervals during the management of a patient with symptoms of inner ear hydrops. PATIENTS: A 38-year-old man with an endolymphatic sac tumor who demonstrated classic Ménière's symptoms. INTERVENTIONS: Endolymphatic shunt, tumor biopsy, and definitive resection of an endolymphatic sac tumor...
January 18, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106525/open-and-endovascular-treatment-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-a-10-year-experience
#11
Matthew J Koch, Christopher J Stapleton, Pankaj K Agarwalla, Collin Torok, John H Shin, Jean-Valery Coumans, Lawrence F Borges, Christopher S Ogilvy, James D Rabinov, Aman B Patel
OBJECTIVE Vascular malformations of the spine represent rare clinical entities with profound neurological implications. Previously reported studies on management strategies for spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (sDAVFs) appeared before the advent of modern liquid embolic agents. Authors of the present study review their institutional experience with endovascularly and surgically treated sDAVFs. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective, observational, single-center case series on sDAVFs treated with endovascular embolization, microsurgical occlusion, or both between 2004 and 2013...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106291/ocular-effects-of-sulfur-mustard-and-therapeutic-approaches-a-review
#12
Yunes Panahi, Seyyed Mahdi Rajaee, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a strong blistering, highly reactive, lipophilic chemical war agent that causes injury in different organs including the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. The Eyes are especially susceptible to the consequences of SM poisoning because of the aqueous and mucosal nature of conjunctiva and cornea. DNA alkylation and depletion of glutathione, are the most important mechanisms of SM action in the eye injuries. Acute clinical symptoms are including decrease in visual acuity, dryness, photophobia, blepharospasm, conjunctivitis and complaints of foreign body sensation and soreness that gradually progress to severe ocular pain...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106066/the-psychosis-spectrum-in-parkinson-disease
#13
REVIEW
Dominic H Ffytche, Byron Creese, Marios Politis, K Ray Chaudhuri, Daniel Weintraub, Clive Ballard, Dag Aarsland
In 2007, the clinical and research profile of illusions, hallucinations, delusions and related symptoms in Parkinson disease (PD) was raised with the publication of a consensus definition of PD psychosis. Symptoms that were previously deemed benign and clinically insignificant were incorporated into a continuum of severity, leading to the rapid expansion of literature focusing on clinical aspects, mechanisms and treatment. Here, we review this literature and the evolving view of PD psychosis. Key topics include the prospective risk of dementia in individuals with PD psychosis, and the causal and modifying effects of PD medication...
January 20, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105998/simultaneous-transfemoral-aortic-and-transseptal-mitral-valve-replacement-utilising-sapien-3-valves-in-native-aortic-and-mitral-valves
#14
Mohammad Bashir, Gardar Sigurdsson, Phillip A Horwitz, Firas Zahr
AIMS: Concomitant severe calcific aortic and mitral stenosis is a relatively uncommon but very challenging valvular heart disease to manage. We sought to evaluate the feasibility of a fully percutaneous approach to replace both stenotic native mitral and aortic valves using SAPIEN 3 valves. METHODS AND RESULTS: An 87-year-old woman with chronic kidney disease stage 3, pul-monary hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a permanent pacemaker, and atrial fibrillation was referred with Class III heart failure symptoms...
January 20, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105900/feasibility-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-rgn107-in-the-palliative-wound-care-management-of-chronic-wound-symptoms
#15
M Madisetti, T J Kelechi, M Mueller, E J Amella, M A Prentice
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, acceptability and tolerability of RGN107 use, a natural powder blend of Arnica Montana, Calendula Officinalis, Mentha Arvensis and Santalum Album, among hospice patients and their wound caregivers in the palliative wound care management of chronic wound symptoms at end-of-life. METHOD: Data were collected between May 2013 and November 2015. A pilot trial conducted among 50 hospice patients with symptomatic (pain, odour, or exudate) chronic wounds...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105610/antithyroid-drug-induced-agranulocytosis-state-of-the-art-on-diagnosis-and-management
#16
Nuno Vicente, Luís Cardoso, Luísa Barros, Francisco Carrilho
Agranulocytosis is a rare but serious complication of antithyroid drug therapy, and an up-to-date understanding of this topic is important. Both direct toxicity and immune-mediated responses have been described as possible mechanisms. Some major susceptibility loci have recently been identified, which may lead the diagnosis of agranulocytosis into a genomic era. Onset is acute and patients present with symptoms and signs of infection together with high fever. Clinical suspicion is pivotal and should prompt blood sampling...
January 19, 2017: Drugs in R&D
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105575/bongkrekic-acid-a-review-of-a-lesser-known-mitochondrial-toxin
#17
REVIEW
Mehruba Anwar, Amelia Kasper, Alaina R Steck, Joshua G Schier
INTRODUCTION: Bongkrekic acid (BA) has a unique mechanism of toxicity among the mitochondrial toxins: it inhibits adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) rather than the electron transport chain. Bongkrekic acid is produced by the bacterium Burkholderia gladioli pathovar cocovenenans (B. cocovenenans) which has been implicated in outbreaks of food-borne illness involving coconut- and corn-based products in Indonesia and China. Our objective was to summarize what is known about the epidemiology, exposure sources, toxicokinetics, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, and diagnosis and treatment of human BA poisoning...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Toxicology: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105542/hospice-in-heart-failure-why-when-and-what-then
#18
Jeffrey L Spiess
Hospice is a model of care for patients nearing the end of their lives that emphasizes symptom management, quality of life (QOL), and support of the patient and caregiving family through the death of the patient and the family's bereavement. It is associated with high patient and caregiver satisfaction and appears to not shorten lifespan for appropriately referred patients. Patients with advanced heart failure are being referred to hospice care more often than in the past, but the majority of deaths occur without this benefit...
January 20, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105537/procedures-and-recommended-times-in-the-care-process-of-the-patient-with-pancreatic-cancer-pan-time-consensus-between-scientific-societies
#19
R Vera, A Ferrández, C J Ferrer, C Flores, C Joaquín, S López, T Martín, E Martín, M Marzo, A Sarrión, E Vaquero, A Zapatero, J Aparicio
PURPOSE: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a disease with bad prognosis. It is usually diagnosed at advanced stages and its treatment is complex. The aim of this consensus document was to provide recommendations by experts that would ameliorate PC diagnosis, reduce the time to treatment, and optimize PC management by interdisciplinary teams. METHODS: As a consensus method, we followed the modified Delphi methodology. A scientific committee of experts provided 40 statements that were submitted in two rounds to a panel of 87 specialists of 12 scientific societies...
January 19, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105524/perceptions-of-family-members-of-palliative-medicine-and-hospice-patients-who-experienced-music-therapy
#20
Lisa M Gallagher, Ruth Lagman, Debbie Bates, Melissa Edsall, Patricia Eden, Jessica Janaitis, Lisa Rybicki
PURPOSE: Evidence shows that music therapy aids in symptom management and improves quality of life for palliative medicine and hospice patients. The majority of previous studies have addressed patient needs, while only a few addressed the needs of family members. The primary purpose of this study was to understand family members' perceptions of music therapy experienced by a relative in palliative medicine or hospice. Patient self-reported scales and music therapist assessment of change were also investigated...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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