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Psychiatric Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920179/review-of-virtual-reality-treatment-in-psychiatry-evidence-versus-current-diffusion-and-use
#1
REVIEW
Matthew C Mishkind, Aaron M Norr, Andrea C Katz, Greg M Reger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of the current evidence base for and clinical applications of the use of virtual reality (VR) in psychiatric practice, in context of recent technological developments. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of VR in psychiatric practice shows promise with much of the research demonstrating clinical effectiveness for conditions including post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety and phobias, chronic pain, rehabilitation, and addictions...
September 18, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910123/consumer-factors-predicting-level-of-treatment-response-to-illness-management-and-recovery
#2
Dominique A White, Alan B McGuire, Lauren Luther, Adrienne I Anderson, Peter Phalen, John H McGrew
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify consumer-level predictors of level of treatment response to illness management and recovery (IMR) to target the appropriate consumers and aid psychiatric rehabilitation settings in developing intervention adaptations. METHOD: Secondary analyses from a multisite study of IMR were conducted. Self-report data from consumer participants of the parent study (n = 236) were analyzed for the current study. Consumers completed prepost surveys assessing illness management, coping, goal-related hope, social support, medication adherence, and working alliance...
September 14, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898545/attitudes-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-students-in-china-impact-of-medical-education-on-stigma
#3
Yifan Zhu, Hanwen Zhang, Ge Yang, Xinran Hu, Zhening Liu, Na Guo, Hongbo He, Bin Sun, Robert Rosenheck
INTRODUCTION: Stigma towards people with mental illness impedes effective treatment. A recent study found that Chinese students were less socially accepting of people with mental illness than counterparts from other countries. The current study examined stigma among Chinese medical students at different levels of training. METHODS: Medical students (N = 1372 from 12 Chinese schools) were surveyed with a questionnaire addressing attitudes and beliefs about people with mental illness...
September 12, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898402/interventions-for-obtaining-and-maintaining-employment-in-adults-with-severe-mental-illness-a-network-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Yvonne B Suijkerbuijk, Frederieke G Schaafsma, Joost C van Mechelen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Marc Corbière, Johannes R Anema
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illness show high rates of unemployment and work disability, however, they often have a desire to participate in employment. People with severe mental illness used to be placed in sheltered employment or were enrolled in prevocational training to facilitate transition to a competitive job. Now, there are also interventions focusing on rapid search for a competitive job, with ongoing support to keep the job, known as supported employment. Recently, there has been a growing interest in combining supported employment with other prevocational or psychiatric interventions...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891661/behavioral-health-workforce-development-challenges-in-the-digital-health-era
#5
Patricia B Nemec, Steven Chan
TOPIC: This column describes challenges for hiring, training, and supervising psychiatric rehabilitation service providers for positions that involve the use of digital health technology. PURPOSE: Adoption and implementation of any new technology or technique requires workforce development. This article outlines considerations for policymakers, funders, and service agency administrators as digital health technologies become more widespread. SOURCES USED: The article discusses issues based on professional experience of the authors and available literature...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891658/the-digital-mental-health-revolution-opportunities-and-risks
#6
Amir Tal, John Torous
This editorial introduces the special issue on digital mental health. The promise of digital, mobile, and connected technologies to advance mental health, and especially psychiatric rehabilitation, continues to rapidly evolve. New sensors and data, such as those derived from increasingly ubiquitous smartphones, offer a new window into the functional, social, and emotional experiences of illness and recovery at a personalized and quantified level previously unimaginable (Ben-Zeev & Badiyani, 2016; Free et al...
September 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889143/a-nonrandom-sample-of-55-sexual-abuse-cases-in-sivas
#7
Celal Butun, Ali Yildirim, Erdal Ozer, Eda Yilmaz, Seda Aybuke Sari
BACKGROUND Sexual abuse in childhood is a significant public health problem because of the destructive results both to the individual and to the community. The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children who were victims of sexual abuse, the relationship of the victim and abuser, and the findings of sexual abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS An examination was made of the results of forensic medicine and psychiatric evaluations of child victims of sexual abuse. The sociodemographic characteristics of the cases and the characteristics of the incidents of sexual abuse were evaluated at the Forensic Medicine Department of Cumhuriyet University between 2013 and 2016...
September 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884728/-psychiatry-of-the-future-multidimensionality-of-the-problems-of-modern-psychiatry-and-development-of-classification-systems
#8
E V Makushkin, S N Oskolkova, G A Fastovtsov
The success and achievements in the area of neurosciences due to the development of neuroimaging, neurochemical and genome studies provide tasks for psychiatry determined by the necessity to develop new classifications of mental diseases, primarily ICD-11, specify clinical diagnostic criteria and rethink the essence of some mental disorders. In spite of the multiple direction of scientific opinions on the discussed issues, the development of modern psychiatry is characterized by intensive search of biological background of psychiatric disorders and elaboration of effective approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of mental diseases, including medical rehabilitation of patients...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881102/living-with-schizophrenia-health-related-quality-of-life-among-primary-family-caregivers
#9
Chiu-Yueh Hsiao, Chun-Te Lee, Huei-Lan Lu, Yun-Fang Tsai
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine influencing factors of health-related quality of life in primary family caregivers of people with schizophrenia receiving in-patient psychiatric rehabilitation services. BACKGROUND: Families, particularly primary family caregivers, have become more important than ever in mental health care. Yet, research on health-related quality of life among primarily family caregivers is limited. DESIGN: A correlational study design was used...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870688/-what-do-virtual-reality-tools-bring-to-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#10
S Bioulac, E de Sevin, P Sagaspe, A Claret, P Philip, J A Micoulaud-Franchi, M P Bouvard
Virtual reality is a relatively new technology that enables individuals to immerse themselves in a virtual world. It offers several advantages including a more realistic, lifelike environment that may allow subjects to "forget" they are being assessed, allow a better participation and an increased generalization of learning. Moreover, the virtual reality system can provide multimodal stimuli, such as visual and auditory stimuli, and can also be used to evaluate the patient's multimodal integration and to aid rehabilitation of cognitive abilities...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859583/relationship-between-psychiatric-service-consumers-and-providers-goal-concordance-and-consumers-personal-goal-attainment
#11
Efrat Shadmi, Marc Gelkopf, Paula Garber-Epstein, Vered Baloush-Kleinman, Ronit Dudai, Silvia Lea Scialom, David Roe
OBJECTIVE: This study tested concordance between consumers' and providers' reports of personal goal setting and its relationship to self-reported goal attainment. METHODS: Data are from the Israeli Psychiatric Rehabilitation Patient Reported Outcome Measurement project. Consumers (N=2,885) and the providers who were most knowledgeable about their care indicated two domains from a list of ten in which consumers had set goals during the previous year. Consumers reported on goal attainment in each domain...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843143/effects-of-oral-versus-long-acting-antipsychotics-on-social-functioning-a-psychiatrists-survey-in-india
#12
Prasad Rao Gundugurti, Rajesh Nagpal, Ashit Sheth, Prashant Narang, Sonal Gawande, Vikram Singh
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with functional challenges for patients; relapses in schizophrenia may lead to increased treatment costs and poor quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This SUSTAIN-I study was conducted to establish psychiatrists' perspective on impact of long-acting injectables (LAIs) antipsychotics on the socio-economic and functional burden of schizophrenia. METHODS: This cross-sectional, survey-based study was conducted in 5 cities in India...
August 9, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836711/delirium-tremens-and-alcohol-withdrawal-nationally-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
David Thomas Moore, Brian Scott Fuehrlein, Robert Alan Rosenheck
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Alcohol withdrawal-especially delirium tremens (DT)-is a potentially life-threatening condition. While short-term treatment regimens and factors that predispose to more severe symptomatology have been extensively studied, little attention has been paid to the clinical epidemiology and long-term care of the chronic medical, addictive, psychiatric, and psychosocial problems faced by these patients. METHODS: National Veterans Health Administration data from fiscal year 2012 were examined to identify veterans diagnosed with DT; with withdrawal but not DT (WNDT); and with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) but neither DT nor WNDT...
August 24, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828741/health-expenditure-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-galaxy-of-italian-regional-healthcare-systems-a-15-year-panel-data-analysis
#14
Davide Golinelli, Fabrizio Toscano, Andrea Bucci, Jacopo Lenzi, Maria Pia Fantini, Nicola Nante, Gabriele Messina
BACKGROUND: The sustainability of healthcare systems is a topic of major interest. During periods of economic instability, policy makers typically reallocate resources and execute linear cuts in different areas of public spending, including healthcare. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper was to examine whether and how per capita public healthcare expenditure (PHE) in the Italian regions was related to the all-cause mortality rate (MR) between 1999 and 2013 and to determine which expenditure item most affected mortality in the short and very short term...
August 21, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806363/clinical-epidemiology-of-single-versus-multiple-substance-use-disorders-polysubstance-use-disorder
#15
Ish P Bhalla, Elina A Stefanovics, Robert A Rosenheck
OBJECTIVE: While research on substance abuse has largely focused on people who have a single substance use disorder (SUD), many people abuse multiple substances. Studies have yet to examine the distinctive characteristics of patients diagnosed with more than 1 SUD and how those with polysubstance use disorder (PSUD) differ from those with a single SUD. METHODS: National Veterans Health Administration data from fiscal year 2012 were used to compare veterans diagnosed 1 SUD to veterans diagnosed with 2-3, and >3 SUDs on demographic characteristics, psychiatric and medical diagnoses, medical and psychiatric service utilization, and psychotropic medication fills...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794798/mortality-of-young-offenders-a-national-register-based-follow-up-study-of-15-to-19-year-old-finnish-delinquents-referred-for-forensic-psychiatric-examination-between-1980-and-2010
#16
Nina Lindberg, Jouko Miettunen, Anni Heiskala, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. As delinquency is not a solid entity, we further aimed to compare the risk of premature death among different subgroups of the delinquents; violent versus non-violent offenders, offenders with alcohol use disorders versus those with no such diagnoses, offenders with schizophrenia spectrum disorders versus conduct- and personality-disordered offenders, under-aged versus young adult offenders, and, finally, boys versus girls...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776749/psychosocial-functioning-self-image-and-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#17
S Cipolletta, G Spina, A Spoto
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a genetic disorder associated with neurocutaneus manifestations, as well as attention and learning problems. The aim of this study was to examine the psychosocial functioning, quality of life, and self-image of children with NF1. METHOD: Two hundred forty participants were recruited, comprising 60 children and adolescents with NF1, 60 parents of children with NF1, 60 children and adolescents without NF1, and 60 parents of children without NF1...
August 3, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771017/fire-evaluation-of-a-fidelity-measure-to-promote-implementation-of-evidence-based-rehabilitation
#18
Sarita A Sanches, Wilma E Swildens, Jooske T van Busschbach, Marianne D Farkas, Jaap van Weeghel, Tom van Wel
OBJECTIVE: This article describes a measure developed to assess fidelity of working with the Boston University approach to Psychiatric Rehabilitation (BPR) in Dutch mental health care. The instrument is intended to measure and improve BPR adherence and clinician competence on an individual level and within individual rehabilitation processes. METHOD: Rotating pairs of 4 BPR specialists used Fidelity of Rehabilitation (FiRe) to evaluate the fidelity of BPR as applied in 114 rehabilitation processes...
August 3, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752943/correlations-between-psychopathology-and-self-reported-quality-of-life-among-adolescents-in-youth-correctional-facilities-in-lagos-nigeria-a-short-report
#19
Olayinka Atilola, Bolanle Ola, Gbonjubola Abiri, Abiodun O Adewuya
BACKGROUND: The relationship between psychopathology and quality of life (QoL) and well-being among young incarcerated offenders has hardly been explored. AIMS: Our aim was to test the hypothesis that higher self-rated psychopathology would be associated with lower QoL among adolescents resident within youth correctional facilities in Lagos. METHODS: Psychopathology was assessed using the Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire (SDQ), while QoL was measured by using the Paediatric Quality of Life...
July 28, 2017: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749831/targets-for-the-treatment-of-insomnia-in-veterans-with-serious-mental-illness
#20
Elizabeth A Klingaman, Julie M McCarthy, Elana K Schwartz, Philip R Gehrman, Melanie E Bennett
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Insomnia is pervasive among people with serious mental illnesses (SMI) and has a profound negative impact on their psychiatric symptom management and recovery. However, little is known about the factors that affect severity of insomnia in those with SMI. In addition, very few studies have explored whether evidence-based interventions developed for those without SMI are appropriate for or applicable to individuals with SMI. The purpose of this study was to test the role of arousal, dysfunctional cognitions about sleep, and sleep-related behaviors in predicting severity of insomnia in a sample of 60 Veterans who were receiving care in Veterans Health Administration mental health and psychosocial rehabilitation programs and who reported subjective insomnia...
July 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
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