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Psychiatric Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435341/empowering-patients-of-a-mental-rehabilitation-center-in-a-low-resource-context-a-moroccan-experience-as-a-case-study
#1
Hicham Khabbache, Abdelhak Jebbar, Nadia Rania, Marie-Chantal Doucet, Ali Assad Watfa, Joël Candau, Mariano Martini, Anna Siri, Francesco Brigo, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders represent a major source of disability and premature mortality worldwide. However, in developing countries patients with MNS disorders are often poorly managed and treated, particularly in marginalized, impoverished areas where the mental health gap and the treatment gap can reach 90%. Efforts should be made in promoting help by making mental health care more accessible. In this article, we address the challenges that psychological and psychiatric services have to face in a low-resource context, taking our experience at a Moroccan rehabilitation center as a case study...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427388/movement-cognition-and-narration-of-the-emotions-treatment-versus-standard-speech-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-children-with-borderline-intellectual-functioning-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
V Blasi, G Baglio, F Baglio, M P Canevini, M Zanette
BACKGROUND: Borderline intellectual functioning (BIF) is defined as a "health meta-condition… characterized by various cognitive dysfunctions associated with an intellectual quotient (IQ) between 71 and 85 which determines a deficit in the individual's functioning both in the restriction of activities and in the limitation of social participation". It can be caused by many factors, including a disadvantaged background and prematurity. BIF affects 7-12% of primary school children that show academic difficulties due to poor executive functioning...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425725/correction-to-muralidharan-et-al-2017
#3
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Defining "peerness" in peer-delivered health and wellness interventions for serious mental illness" by Anjana Muralidharan, Amanda D. Peeples, Alicia Lucksted and Richard W. Goldberg (Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 2017[Mar], Vol 40[1], 116). The original article was mislabeled as Editorial and should be a Comment. The Response to Letter to the Editor section should be a Reply and now has its own http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ h0101580. The online version of this article has been corrected...
April 20, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#4
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421682/predicting-abstinence-from-methamphetamine-use-after-residential-rehabilitation-findings-from-the-methamphetamine-treatment-evaluation-study
#5
Rebecca McKetin, Astrid Kothe, Amanda L Baker, Nicole K Lee, Joanne Ross, Dan I Lubman
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: We previously found that residential rehabilitation increased continuous abstinence from methamphetamine use 1 year after treatment. We examine what client and treatment characteristics predict this outcome. DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants (n = 176) were dependent on methamphetamine and entering residential rehabilitation for methamphetamine use. Simultaneous logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of continuous abstinence from methamphetamine use at 1 year follow-up...
April 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412132/pre-existing-psychiatric-disorder-in-the-burn-patient-is-associated-with-worse-outcomes
#6
Alexandra Hudson, Sarah Al Youha, Osama A Samargandi, Justin Paletz
OBJECTIVE: To compare patient and burn characteristics between patients who had a pre-existing psychiatric diagnosis and patients who did not in a Burn Unit at an academic hospital. BACKGROUND: Psychosocial issues are common in patients recovering from a burn; however, little is known regarding hospital course and discharge outcomes in patients with a pre-existing psychiatric diagnosis presenting with a burn. Baseline medical comorbidities of burn patients have been shown to be a significant risk for in-hospital mortality...
April 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398006/a-cost-analysis-of-implementing-a-behavioral-weight-loss-intervention-in-community-mental-health-settings-results-from-the-achieve-trial
#7
Ellen M Janssen, Gerald J Jerome, Arlene T Dalcin, Joseph V Gennusa, Stacy Goldsholl, Kevin D Frick, Nae-Yuh Wang, Lawrence J Appel, Gail L Daumit
OBJECTIVE: In the ACHIEVE randomized controlled trial, an 18-month behavioral intervention accomplished weight loss in persons with serious mental illness who attended community psychiatric rehabilitation programs. This analysis estimates costs for delivering the intervention during the study. It also estimates expected costs to implement the intervention more widely in a range of community mental health programs. METHODS: Using empirical data, costs were calculated from the perspective of a community psychiatric rehabilitation program delivering the intervention...
April 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395527/assessing-cognitive-related-disability-in-schizophrenia-reliability-validity-and-underlying-factors-of-the-evaluation-of-cognitive-processes-involved-in-disability-in-schizophrenia-scale
#8
Christine Passerieux, Virginie Bulot, Marie-Christine Hardy-Baylé, Paul Roux
PURPOSE: We have developed a new scale that assesses disability caused by cognitive impairments in schizophrenia, in order to evaluate the functional impact of schizophrenia and help the prescription of rehabilitation interventions. The aim of the study was to assess its psychometrical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mental healthcare professionals and relatives of individuals with schizophrenia developed and rated the evaluation of cognitive processes involved in disability in schizophrenia scale, which included 13 items...
April 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383618/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-italian-deinstitutionalized-psychiatric-patients
#9
D Corridore, F Guerra, C La Marra, D Di Thiene, L Ottolenghi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to investigate the oral health status and Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL, measured with OHIP- 14) in psychiatric patients assisted by the unique Italian mental health care system, in accordance to regulatory Law 180/78. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic and medical variables were retrieved from institutional medical records. General health and oral health variables, oral health-related behavior and last dental contact were recorded...
March 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378724/-a-personalized-approach-to-the-pulmonary-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#10
S I Ovcharenko, B A Volel', Ya K Galetskaite
AIM: To elaborate and introduce personalized pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programs adapted in terms of the types of disease response in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to evaluate the effectiveness of the programs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 85 patients with COPD of more than 2 years' duration (the shortest time frame that was valid to assess the type of disease response) were examined. All the patients underwent adequate physical, instrumental, laboratory, and psychiatric examinations, during which the type of COPD response was determined...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378300/development-of-a-shared-decision-making-model-in-a-community-mental-health-center
#11
REVIEW
Shreedhar Paudel, Neeta Sharma, Astha Joshi, Melinda Randall
Shared Decision Making (SDM) is an essential component of recovery oriented treatment for clients with severe and persistent mental illnesses. SDM has been found to be effective in improving outcome of treatment of non-psychiatric ailments, and studies of SDM in community mental health settings are limited. We designed and implemented a low tech SDM program in a non-academic community mental health center and evaluated the outcome on decisional certainty and satisfaction with services. The results suggest that SDM can be effectively integrated with evidence based psychiatric rehabilitation practices utilizing already existing resources...
April 4, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368185/helping-learners-level-up-with-cognitive-supports
#12
Derek Malenczak, Patricia B Nemec
TOPIC: This column describes strategies for helping educators and trainers address common problems with executive functioning and memory for their audiences, to better facilitate learning. PURPOSE: The purpose of the article is to suggest strategies for maximizing learning and goal achievement for students in academic settings, as well as for building employee knowledge and skills in the psychiatric rehabilitation workforce through worksite-based training. SOURCES USED: The content in this column is drawn from the professional experience of the authors as well as available literature...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368181/the-feasibility-of-implementing-cognitive-remediation-for-work-in-community-based-psychiatric-rehabilitation-programs
#13
Susan R McGurk, Kim T Mueser, Melanie A Watkins, Carline M Dalton, Heather Deutsch
OBJECTIVE: Adding cognitive remediation to vocational rehabilitation services improves cognitive and work functioning in people with serious mental illness, but despite interest, the uptake of cognitive programs into community services has been slow. This study evaluated the feasibility of implementing an empirically supported cognitive remediation program in routine rehabilitation services at 2 sites. METHOD: The Thinking Skills for Work (TSW) program was adapted for implementation at 2 sites of a large psychiatric rehabilitation agency providing prevocational services, but not community-based vocational services, which were provided off-site...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368178/introduction-to-special-issue-on-cognitive-remediation
#14
Susan R McGurk, Kim T Mueser
This article serves as an introduction to the special issue on the topic of cognitive remediation. The papers comprising this special issue make important contributions to the cognitive remediation field by testing the efficacy of cognitive programs on unique symptom targets of serious mental illness, evaluating novel cognitive program enhancements, demonstrating the feasibility and promise of incorporating cognitive programs into everyday practice, and engaging new populations into cognitive programs. Together, these papers show that cognitive remediation is an important and increasingly common component of comprehensive psychiatric rehabilitation programs that can increase the effectiveness of these programs at helping participants make progress toward and achieve their personal goals...
March 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368136/beyond-these-walls-can-psychosocial-clubhouses-promote-the-social-integration-of-adults-with-serious-mental-illness-in-the-community
#15
Shinakee Gumber, Catherine H Stein
OBJECTIVE: The study examined factors associated with community integration experiences of adults with serious mental illness who were members of psychosocial rehabilitation clubhouses in New York City. METHOD: Ninety-two clubhouse members completed an online survey. The study examined relative contribution of adults' reports of individual factors (self-reported psychiatric symptoms, self-esteem), community supports (self-reported employment status and perceived family support), and the clubhouse environment (self-reported time spent in the clubhouse, clubhouse supportiveness, and practical orientation) in accounting for variation in members' reports of social integration within the clubhouse and within the larger community...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366115/risk-of-hospitalization-due-to-medication-nonadherence-identified-through-emrs-of-patients-with-psychosis
#16
Carrie E Andrews, Krista Baker, Carolyn J Howell, Arlene Cuerdo, Jamie A Roberts, Abdullah Chaudhary, Stephanie Lechich, Leslie G Nucifora, Dhananjay Vaidya, Ramin Mojtabai, Russell L Margolis, Akira Sawa, Frederick C Nucifora
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether outpatients with a psychotic disorder who are at risk of hospitalization can be identified by using data from electronic medical records (EMRs). METHODS: Data from EMRs of outpatients enrolled in two clinics for treatment of psychotic disorders were abstracted. Monthly data were collected for 75 patients over two years. The study examined the association of medication nonadherence, substance use, participation in psychiatric rehabilitation, and long-acting injectable antipsychotic use in any given month with the risk of hospitalization in the subsequent month by using generalized estimating equations...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#17
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327886/impact-on-the-psychotic-vulnerability-of-the-therapeutic-approachin-the-prison-psychiatric-hospital-in-seville-spain
#18
P Massé-García, F J Lamas-Bosque, A Massé-Palomo
OBJECTIVES: to analyze changes in psychotic vulnerability following the implementation of a program of prison psychiatric treatment, recidivism after the release and various descriptive variables of criminological interest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: review of a sample consisting of 50 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia admitted to the Prison Psychiatric Hospital of Seville. RESULTS: there was a statistically significant reduction of psychotic vulnerability according to an assessment using the Frankfurt psychopathological inventory (FBF-3), after conducting a complete psychiatric, psychological, social and rehabilitation approach in the prison environment...
June 2017: Revista Española de Sanidad Penitenciaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320786/exploring-similarities-and-differences-in-hospital-adverse-event-rates-between-norway-and-sweden-using-global-trigger-tool
#19
Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Madeleine Borgstedt Risberg, Marion Haugen, Jonas Christoffer Lindstrøm, Urban Nylén, Hans Rutberg, Soop Michael
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we explore similarities and differences in hospital adverse event (AE) rates between Norway and Sweden by reviewing medical records with the Global Trigger Tool (GTT). DESIGN: All acute care hospitals in both countries performed medical record reviews, except one in Norway. Records were randomly selected from all eligible admissions in 2013. Eligible admissions were patients 18 years of age or older, undergoing care with an in-hospital stay of at least 24 hours, excluding psychiatric and care and rehabilitation...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320371/possible-factors-influencing-the-duration-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-psychiatric-disorders-attempting-suicide-by-jumping
#20
Tsubasa Omi, Hiroshi Ito, Keisen Riku, Koji Kanai, Hiromune Takada, Satoshi Fujimi, Hidenori Matsunaga, Kazutaka Ohi
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have a high rate of suicide. The present study investigated factors influencing hospital stays for Japanese patients with psychiatric disorders attempting suicide by jumping. METHODS: We diagnosed all suicide attempts (n = 113) by jumping based on the International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) and investigated the mean hospital stays of patients with each diagnosis based on the ICD-10 code. We then analyzed differences in the demographic and clinical characteristics between the diagnostic groups to identify factors influencing the duration of hospital stay...
March 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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