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Psychiatric Rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100293/psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-europe
#1
W Rössler, R E Drake
To describe the core elements of modern psychiatric rehabilitation. Based on selected examples we describe the discussion about values in mental health care with focus on Europe. We present outcome data from studies, which have tried to implement care structures based on this value discussion. In the second half of the 20th century, mental health care in all European and other high-income countries changed conceptually and structurally. Deinstitutionalisation reduced the number of psychiatric beds and transferred priority to outpatient care and community-based services, but community mental health programs developed differently across and within these countries...
January 19, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096869/short-term-psychiatric-rehabilitation-in-major-depressive-and-bipolar-disorders-neuropsychological-psychosocial-outcomes
#2
Giampaolo Perna, Silvia Daccò, Ferdinando Sacco, Wilma Micieli, Paolo Cavedini, Daniela Caldirola
OBJECTIVE: Our pilot study aims to investigate the efficacy of a Short-Term (4 weeks) Psychiatric Rehabilitation Program (S-T PsyRP), without specific cognitive remediation trainings, on the neuropsychological performance and psychosocial functioning of inpatients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) or Bipolar Disorder (BD). Published studies with similar aims are lacking. METHODS: Fifty-three inpatients with MDD and 27 with BD (type I/II) were included. The S-T PsyRP was usually performed as clinical practice at Villa San Benedetto Menni Hospital and included a variety of activities aimed at promoting personal autonomies, interpersonal/social skills, and self-care...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095811/an-integrated-recovery-oriented-model-irm-for-mental-health-services-evolution-and-challenges
#3
Barry G Frost, Srinivasan Tirupati, Suzanne Johnston, Megan Turrell, Terry J Lewin, Ketrina A Sly, Agatha M Conrad
BACKGROUND: Over past decades, improvements in longer-term clinical and personal outcomes for individuals experiencing serious mental illness (SMI) have been moderate, although recovery has clearly been shown to be possible. Recovery experiences are inherently personal, and recovery can be complex and non-linear; however, there are a broad range of potential recovery contexts and contributors, both non-professional and professional. Ongoing refinement of recovery-oriented models for mental health (MH) services needs to be fostered...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088068/perceived-assistance-in-pursuing-personal-goals-and-personal-recovery-among-mental-health-consumers-across-housing-services
#4
Galia S Moran, Kinneret Westman, Esther Weissberg, Samuel Melamed
Personal goals/plans play a central role in personal recovery and psychiatric rehabilitation of persons with mental illnesses. Yet, few studies have explored whether perceiving practitioners' assistance towards the pursuit of goals are associated with personal recovery and other favorable rehabilitation outcomes. A total of 2121 mental health consumers, of which 1222 use supported-housing services and 899 use group-home services, completed self-report questionnaires as part of a larger quality-assurance study conducted during the years 2013-2014...
January 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077106/age-of-onset-of-substance-use-and-psychosocial-problems-among-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#5
Anju Poudel, Sital Gautam
BACKGROUND: Substance use is generally initiated in adolescence or early adulthood and is commonly associated with several physical, psychological, emotional and social problems. The objective of this study is to assess the age of onset of substance use differences on psychosocial problems among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) residing in drug rehabilitation centers. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional research design was carried out. Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling technique was used to select the drug rehabilitation centers and all the respondents meeting the inclusion criteria of the selected seven rehabilitation centers were taken as a sample and comprised of 221 diagnosed individuals with SUDs...
January 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054432/effect-of-family-sense-of-coherence-on-internalized-stigma-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#6
Chiu-Yueh Hsiao, Huei-Lan Lu, Yun-Fang Tsai
Health-related quality of life is an increasingly critical outcome of mental healthcare, yet its disease-independent attributes, particularly family-focused resilient indicators, for individuals with schizophrenia have not been explicitly examined. The aim of this study was to explore the degree of health-related quality of life and to examine the mediating effect of family sense of coherence on internalized stigma and health-related quality of life in individuals with schizophrenia. A cross-sectional and correlational study design was used...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032161/psychological-and-psychiatric-traits-in-post-bariatric-patients-asking-for-body-contouring-surgery
#7
Chiara Pavan, Massimo Marini, Eleonora De Antoni, Carlotta Scarpa, Tito Brambullo, Franco Bassetto, Annapina Mazzotta, Vincenzo Vindigni
BACKGROUNDS: Obese patients, mainly females, feel uncomfortable and unsatisfied with their physical appearance; they have a wrong perception of their image and consequently diminish their self-esteem, sometimes showing difficulties in functional areas such as work, relationship, social activity. Beside health concerns, improving their appearance and body image are often common motives for weight loss in obese individuals and after weight loss about 30% of bariatric surgery patients undergo plastic surgical correction of excessive skin...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002785/usage-of-riot-control-agents-and-other-methods-resulting-in-physical-and-psychological-injuries-sustained-during-civil-unrest-in-turkey-in-2013
#8
Umit Unuvar, Deniz Yilmaz, Ilker Ozyildirim, Erenc Y Dokudan, Canan Korkmaz, Senem Doğanoğlu, Levent Kutlu, Sebnem Korur Fincanci
Turkey has experienced a wave of demonstrations in the summer of 2013, called Gezi Park Demonstrations. Between 31 May and 30 August, 297 people who had been subjected to trauma by several methods of demonstration control and Riot Control Agents applied to the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey Rehabilitation Centers to receive treatment/rehabilitation and/or documentation. 296 patients except one 5-year-old child were included in the study. Of the 296 patients; 175 were male, 120 were female, and one was a transgender individual...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002135/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#9
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
December 20, 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002123/functional-dizziness-from-phobic-postural-vertigo-and-chronic-subjective-dizziness-to-persistent-postural-perceptual-dizziness
#10
Marianne Dieterich, Jeffrey P Staab
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional dizziness is the new term for somatoform or psychogenic dizziness. The aim of this study is to review arguments for the new nomenclature, clinical features, possible pathomechanisms, and comorbidities of functional dizziness. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of functional dizziness as a primary cause of vestibular symptoms amounts to 10% in neuro-otology centers. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity in patients with structural vestibular syndromes are much higher with nearly 50% and with highest rates in patients with vestibular migraine, vestibular paroxysmia, and Ménière's disease...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998264/factors-associated-with-readmission-in-south-african-adolescents-discharged-from-two-inpatient-psychosocial-rehabilitation-units
#11
Deirdre Pieterse, Henk Temmingh, Wendy Vogel
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with readmission in an adolescent population discharged from two inpatient psychosocial rehabilitation (PSR) units in Cape Town, South Africa. METHOD: Data were obtained from 97 consecutive patients discharged from two adolescent psychiatric PSR units over a period of one year. Patients were followed up for readmission to hospitals offering specialised psychiatric care in the Western Cape Province over a period of 18 months...
October 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982489/what-does-mental-health-nursing-contribute-to-improving-the-physical-health-of-service-users-with-severe-mental-illness-a-thematic-analysis
#12
Richard Gray, Eleanor Brown
Authors have generally reported that mental health nurses (MHNs) have positive attitudes to providing physical health care to service users with severe mental illness. In the present study, we aimed to explore if this positive attitude translates to enhanced clinical practice by interviewing MHNs and the service users they work with. Semistructured interviews were completed with 15 service users and 18 MHNs from acute, rehabilitation, and community services. These were then transcribed and analysed using thematic analysis...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974082/the-future-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation
#13
R E Drake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968884/psychiatric-symptoms-in-individuals-who-use-ketamine-versus-methamphetamine-implications-for-glutamatergic-and-dopaminergic-model-for-schizophrenia-a-cohort-study
#14
Yanhui Liao, Chang Qi, Qiuxia Wu, Jinsong Tang
BACKGROUND: Both ketamine and methamphetamine have been used for studying the positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms, and dopaminergic and GABAergic dysfunction observed in acute schizophrenia. We aimed to explore and compare the prevalence and factor structure of psychotic symptoms in chronic ketamine and methamphetamine users. METHODS: We recruited chronic ketamine and methamphetamine users from the Guangzhou Baiyun and Kangda voluntary drug rehabilitation centres in the Hunan Province, China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951603/-side-effects-of-occupational-group-therapy
#15
B Flöge, D Fay, M Jöbges, M Linden, B Muschalla
Background: Occupational therapy is an important co-therapy in psychiatric therapy. It is a common belief that no risks are associated with occupational therapy. Negative effects caused by group therapy, especially occupational therapy, have not been in the focus of research yet. In this study we want to illustrate possible types and intensities of group side effects through occupational therapy. Patients and Methods: Patients of an inpatient rehabilitation facility filled out the Adverse Treatment Reaction Group Checklist...
December 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938621/-chronic-subjective-dizziness
#16
Y Lin, J L Wang, J H Qiu, D J Zha
Chronic subjective dizziness(CSD) was defined as persistent nonvertiginous dizziness or subjective unsteadiness. Patients are hypersensitivity to motion stimuli, such as head movement and motion of objects in the visual surrounding, and have difficulty with precise visual tasks. The concept of CSD was first proposed by Staab and Ruckenstein, which indicates relationships between chronic dizziness and acute vestibular or psychiatric disorders, including neuro-otologic type, psychiatric type or interactive type...
November 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902744/delirium-detection-and-impact-of-comorbid-health-conditions-in-a-post-acute-rehabilitation-hospital-setting
#17
Julija Stelmokas, Nicolette Gabel, Jennifer M Flaherty, Katherine Rayson, Kathileen Tran, Jason R Anderson, Linas A Bieliauskas
Misdiagnosis and under-detection of delirium may occur in many medical settings. This is important to address as delirium clearly increases risk of morbidity and mortality in such settings. This study assessed whether Veterans who screened positive on a delirium severity measure (Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale; MDAS) differed from those with and without corresponding medical documentation of delirium in terms of cognitive functioning, psychiatric/medical history, and medication use. A medical record review of 266 inpatients at a VA post-acute rehabilitation unit found that 10...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895602/motivational-and-behavioral-activation-as-an-adjunct-to-psychiatric-rehabilitation-for-mild-to-moderate-negative-symptoms-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia-a-proof-of-concept-pilot-study
#18
Kee-Hong Choi, Eunju Jaekal, Ga-Young Lee
Few psychosocial approaches address the negative symptoms of schizophrenia, which shares common features with depression and anxiety. Behavioral activation (BA) is effective for addressing depression and anxiety in adults with various mental disorders. Motivational interviewing (MI) has been successfully applied to address ambivalence or lack of motivation toward treatment. Motivational and behavioral activation (mBA) has been developed by incorporating the core principles from BA and MI with recent findings on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893242/work-based-learning-a-training-model-for-state-wide-system-changes
#19
Zakia Clay, Nora Barrett, Ann Reilly, Anthony Zazzarino
TOPIC: Despite the substantial amount of money invested in staff training each year, many people trained fail to transfer what they learn to the workplace. We document a training initiative that was implemented to develop and maintain a competent workforce. PURPOSE: A work-based learning (WBL) model was used as a guide to teach the knowledge and skills necessary to effectively deliver psychiatric rehabilitation services. SOURCES USED: This training framework afforded practitioners an opportunity to acquire the critical knowledge and skills to improve the quality of life for individuals living with serious mental illnesses...
December 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893240/is-recovery-possible-outside-the-financial-mainstream
#20
Judith A Cook, Kim T Mueser
As psychiatric rehabilitation practitioners, we have solid evidence that our field's services are effective in helping people become employed, participate in social and civic life, avoid restrictive and coercive psychiatric treatment, and thrive in stable and secure community residences. Yet, hundreds of thousands of people with psychiatric disabilities do not do these things. So we must ask ourselves, to what extent is this due to their location outside the financial mainstream, and if it is, what we can do as a field to address poverty among those we serve? This editorial addresses this question: Is recovery possible outside of the financial mainstream? (PsycINFO Database Record...
December 2016: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
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