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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928992/dental-implant-in-the-canalis-sinuosus-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
José Alcides Arruda, Pedro Silva, Luciano Silva, Pâmella Álvares, Leni Silva, Ricardo Zavanelli, Cleomar Rodrigues, Marleny Gerbi, Ana Paula Sobral, Marcia Silveira
The canalis sinuosus is a neurovascular canal, a branch of nerve of infraorbital canal, through which the anterior superior alveolar nerve passes and then leans medially in course between the nasal cavity and the maxillary sinus, reaching the premaxilla in the canine and incisor region. The purpose of this article is to report a case with the presence of canalis sinuosus, in order to alert and guide professionals and discuss the morphology of this anatomical variation avoiding trans- and postsurgical disorders in dental implants...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927137/atypical-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-with-isochromosome-x-p10-a-case-report
#2
Masahide Yamamoto, Sayaka Suzuki, Jun-Ichi Mukae, Keisuke Tanaka, Ken Watanabe, Gaku Oshikawa, Tetsuya Fukuda, Naomi Murakami, Osamu Miura
Atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML) is a rare subtype of myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm (MDS/MPN). Although recurrent chromosomal and genetic abnormalities are frequently observed in aCML, none are specific to this type of leukemia. The present study reported a case of aCML associated with i(X)(p10), a rare recurrent chromosomal abnormality of hematological malignancy. A 40-year-old female was referred to the Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan) due to slight leukocytosis and anemia...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924474/evaluation-of-satisfaction-of-individuals-rehabilitated-with-zygomatic-implants-as-regards-anesthetic-and-sedative-procedure-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Paulo H T Almeida, Alexander D'Alvia Salvoni, Fabiana M G França
PURPOSE: To evaluate the satisfaction of individuals with atrophic maxilla, rehabilitated with fixed dental prostheses, anchored on zygomatic implants, with variables being the anesthetic procedure: general anesthesia, or local with sedation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: By means of the clinical record charts from the Training Course in Advanced Hospital Surgeries for Implant Dentists conducted at the Campinas-SP unit of the São Leopoldo Mandic School of Dentistry, 30 individuals were randomly selected...
October 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894542/perceptions-of-an-integrated-curriculum-among-dental-students-in-a-public-university-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Khulood Sami Hussein
BACKGROUND: Being aware of the limits of traditional discipline-based education, the Faculty of Dentistry at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) tasked basic medical science faculty members with developing a new integrated curriculum for undergraduate dental students to be applied in the 2014/2015 academic year. OBJECTIVE: To determine the students' perceptions of the restructured curriculum and elicit student suggestions for improvement. METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to all first-year dental undergraduate students (n=192) enrolled in the academic year of 2014/2015...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893032/antibacterial-activity-of-freshly-prepared-ozonated-water-and-chlorhexidine-on-mutans-streptococcus-when-used-as-an-oral-rinse-a-randomised-clinical-study
#5
Lavanya Anumula, Kv Suneel Kumar, Chnv Murali Krishna, K Sree Lakshmi
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries is one of the most common causes of morbidity of the tooth. Attempts have been made to reduce the pathogen population size i.e., Mutans Streptococci (MS) to demote the incidence of caries and increase the resistance of the tooth to cariogenic attack. AIM: To evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of freshly prepared ozonated water, in proposing it as an alternative mouth rinse on MS in comparison to Chlorhexidine (CHX). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects with high caries incidence and MS counts more than 105 Colony Forming Unit (CFU) were selected and divided by block randomization into two groups of 23 subjects each...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891406/clinical-practice-guideline-evaluation-of-the-neck-mass-in-adults
#6
Melissa A Pynnonen, M Boyd Gillespie, Benjamin Roman, Richard M Rosenfeld, David E Tunkel, Laura Bontempo, Itzhak Brook, Davoren Ann Chick, Maria Colandrea, Sandra A Finestone, Jason C Fowler, Christopher C Griffith, Zeb Henson, Corinna Levine, Vikas Mehta, Andrew Salama, Joseph Scharpf, Deborah R Shatzkes, Wendy B Stern, Jay S Youngerman, Maureen D Corrigan
Objective Neck masses are common in adults, but often the underlying etiology is not easily identifiable. While infections cause most of the neck masses in children, most persistent neck masses in adults are neoplasms. Malignant neoplasms far exceed any other etiology of adult neck mass. Importantly, an asymptomatic neck mass may be the initial or only clinically apparent manifestation of head and neck cancer, such as squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), lymphoma, thyroid, or salivary gland cancer. Evidence suggests that a neck mass in the adult patient should be considered malignant until proven otherwise...
September 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#7
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883601/how-prepared-are-foundation-dentists-in-england-and-wales-for-independent-general-dental-practice
#8
M Ray, A Milston, P Doherty, S Crean
Introduction The Graduate Assessment of Preparedness for Practice (GAPP) questionnaire has been shown to be valid and reliable in assessing the preparedness of foundation dentists (FDs) for independent general dental practice (GDP). In this study it is used to establish preparedness at six weeks of dental foundation training (DFT) across England and Wales.Method GAPP questionnaires were sent to all FDs and ESs in England and Wales in mid-September 2012. Part 1 of the GAPP questionnaire collected the descriptive data of respondents...
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875479/development-of-an-enantioselective-and-biomarker-informed-translational-population-pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic-model-for-etodolac
#9
Carolina de Miranda Silva, Adriana Rocha, Eduardo Tozatto, Lucienir Maria da Silva, Eduardo Antônio Donadi, Teresa Dalla Costa, Vera Lucia Lanchote, Stephan Schmidt, Jürgen B Bulitta
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) isoform has a critical role in the development of pain. Inhibition of COX-2 in vitro serves as a biomarker for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The NSAID concentrations yielding 80% COX-2 inhibition (IC80) correlate with therapeutic doses to achieve analgesia across multiple COX-2 inhibitors. However, there are no time-course models relating COX-2 inhibition with decreased pain. This study aimed to characterize the relationship between NSAID concentrations, in vitro COX-2 inhibition, and acute pain decrease in humans over time by a translational approach using clinical pharmacokinetic and literature reported in vitro and clinical pharmacodynamic data...
September 5, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864809/the-future-of-dental-schools-in-research-universities-and-academic-health-centers
#10
Laurie K McCauley
As a profession, dentistry is at a point of discernible challenge as well as incredible opportunity in a landscape of evolving changes to health care, higher education, and evidence-based decision making. Respecting the past yet driving forward, a well-mapped future course is critical. Orchestrating this course in a collaborative manner is essential for the visibility, well-being, and potentially the existence of the dental profession. The research performed in dental institutions needs to be contemporary, aligned with biomedical science in general, and united with other disciplines...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864793/impact-of-a-differential-learning-approach-on-practical-exam-performance-a-controlled-study-in-a-preclinical-dental-course
#11
Sven-Olav Pabel, Anne-Kathrin Pabel, Jan Schmickler, Xenia Schulz, Annette Wiegand
The aim of this study was to evaluate if differential learning in a preclinical dental course impacted the performance of dental students in a practical exam (preparation of a gold partial crown) immediately after the training session and 20 weeks later compared to conventional learning. This controlled study was performed in a preclinical course in operative dentistry at a dental school in Germany. Third-year students were trained in preparing gold partial crowns by using either the conventional learning (n=41) or the differential learning approach (n=32)...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864791/dental-and-medical-students-use-and-perceptions-of-learning-resources-in-a-human-physiology-course
#12
Monica Tain, Richard Schwartzstein, Bernard Friedland, Sang E Park
The aim of this study was to determine the use and perceived utility of various learning resources available during the first-year Integrated Human Physiology course at the dental and medical schools at Harvard University. Dental and medical students of the Class of 2018 were surveyed anonymously online in 2015 regarding their use of 29 learning resources in this combined course. The learning resources had been grouped into four categories to discern frequency of use and perceived usefulness among the categories...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864790/a-survey-of-dental-implant-instruction-in-predoctoral-dental-curricula-in-north-america
#13
Hidemichi Kihara, Jie Sun, Maiko Sakai, Shigemi Nagai, John Da Silva
The aim of this study was to investigate the extent and forms of predoctoral implant dentistry instruction in North American dental schools and to identify future directions and challenges. The survey collected data on curriculum content, departmental oversight, techniques, and materials, as well as current problems to be solved. The 30-question survey was sent in 2012 to the dean or administrator in charge of the predoctoral curriculum of all 73 dental schools in the U.S. and Canada at the time; four reminders were sent...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864789/improving-dental-students-long-term-retention-of-pharmacy-knowledge-with-medication-minutes
#14
Adam M Persky, Michael A Wells, Kimberly A Sanders, Jim Fiordalisi, Christine Downey, Heidi N Anksorus
A major challenge in foundational science courses in dental curricula is the application of information from the classroom to a clinical setting. To bridge this gap, the aim of this study was to increase students' learning in a foundational pharmacology course through increasing clinical relevance and using formative assessment. Second-year dental students in an introductory pharmacology course were presented material in a traditional basic science lecture format and in brief examples of pharmacy-generated clinical content (Medication Minutes)...
September 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862585/oral-health-considerations-in-anorexia-and-bulimia-nervosa-2-multidisciplinary-management-and-personalized-dental-care
#15
Mohamed A Bassiouny, Elizabeth Tweddale
This article outlines a comprehensive, multidisciplinary strategy for treatment of patients with anorexia and bulimia nervosa. In this approach, primary medical intervention and emergency dental care are followed by the staging of treatment phases that integrate medical care, psychotherapy, nutritional counseling, and dental management, which may encompass various treatment options for repair of damaged dentition. Emphasis is placed on prevention of further tissue damage during all phases of management and following completion of the treatment course...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856809/dental-hygiene-education-in-germany-between-economics-and-emotions
#16
B Offermanns, G J Petersilka
OBJECTIVES: To date, there is still no IFDH approved dental hygienist (DH) education model in Germany. Nevertheless, opportunities to complete vocational DH education courses have substantially increased within the last two decades. However, the content and quality of these courses vary greatly and are difficult to survey. The purpose of this article therefore was to present an overview of the education programmes offered in Germany as of March 2017. METHODS: A formal request was sent to all education establishments for details of such courses, and a systematic internet search was performed covering the DH education topic in Germany...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856134/interprofessional-oral-health-education-improves-knowledge-confidence-and-practice-for-pediatric-healthcare-providers
#17
REVIEW
Devon Cooper, JungSoo Kim, Karen Duderstadt, Ray Stewart, Brent Lin, Abbey Alkon
Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic childhood disease in the United States. Dental caries affects the health of 60-90% of school-aged children worldwide. The prevalence of untreated early childhood dental caries is 19% for children 2-5 years of age in the U.S. Some factors that contribute to the progression of dental caries include socioeconomic status, access to dental care, and lack of anticipatory guidance. The prevalence of dental caries remains highest for children from specific ethnic or racial groups, especially those living in underserved areas where there may be limited access to a dentist...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853498/-criterion-of-dental-treatment-for-the-disabled
#18
Wan Huchun, Yang Zheng, Wu Hongkun, Liu Jianguo, Zhao Jin, Ji Xiaoping, Zhu Lin, Yang Deqin, Zhou Xuedong
The number of disabled persons increases in the course of human life and in the aging population. The high prevalence, low treatment rate, long therapy period, and sophisticated procedures prevent most of disabled individuals from availing dental services. Moreover, special dental institutions for the disabled are insufficient, and a certain treatment standard is commonly not complied. This study performed analysis and evaluation, including treatment features, pretreatment procedures, patient communication, treatment factors, and treatment standards to provide a targeted solution for the special requirements of the oral therapy for disabled patients...
August 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852630/awareness-attitude-and-knowledge-of-basic-life-support-among-medical-dental-and-nursing-faculties-and-students-in-the-university-hospital
#19
N C Sangamesh, K C Vidya, Jugajyoti Pathi, Arpita Singh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the awareness, attitude, and knowledge about basic life support (BLS) among medical, dental, and nursing students and faculties and the proposal of BLS skills in the academic curriculum of undergraduate (UG) course. Recognition, prevention, and effective management of life-threatening emergencies are the responsibility of health-care professionals. These situations can be successfully managed by proper knowledge and training of the BLS skills. These life-saving maneuvers can be given through the structured resuscitation programs, which are lacking in the academic curriculum...
July 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841394/surgical-ciliated-cyst-following-maxillary-sinus-floor-augmentation-a-case-report
#20
Shinsuke Yamamoto, Keigo Maeda, Izumi Kouchi, Yuzo Hirai, Naoki Taniike, Yukihiro Imai, Toshihiko Takenobu
Maxillary sinus floor augmentation is considered to play a critical role in dental implant treatment. Although many complications, such as maxillary sinusitis and infection, are well known, few reports are available on the risk of surgical ciliated cyst following the procedure. Here we report a case of surgical ciliated cyst following maxillary sinus floor augmentation. A 55-year-old Japanese woman was referred to our hospital because of alveolar bone atrophy in the bilateral maxilla. We performed bilateral maxillary sinus floor augmentation by the lateral window technique without covering the window...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
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