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Dental course

P Jauhar, P A Mossey, H Popat, J Seehra, P S Fleming
Background Undergraduate orthodontic teaching has been focused on developing an understanding of occlusal development in an effort to equip practitioners to make appropriate referrals for specialist-delivered care. However, there is a growing interest among general dentists in delivering more specialised treatments, including short-term orthodontic alignment. This study aimed to assess the levels of knowledge of occlusal problems among final year undergraduate dental students, as well as their interest in various orthodontics techniques and training...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Samara Ribeiro da Silva, Yara Juliano, Neil Ferreira Novo, Ilan Weinfeld
Objective: To evaluate and compare the knowledge of dental undergraduate students about oral cancer. Methods: The students were divided into two groups according to semester attended in the undergraduate course: Group A, the first semester; and Group B, seventh semester. They were asked to answer a questionnaire about epidemiology, risk factors, clinical aspects, therapeutic solutions and oral self-examination. For statistical analysis, the Fisher's exact test, the Cochran's G test and Kendall's concordance test were used, with significance level set at 0...
July 2016: Einstein
Mari Kitani, Yukinori Yamagata, Asami Tanabe, Kouichi Yagi, Susumu Aikou, Takashi Kiyokawa, Masato Nishida, Hiroharu Yamashita, Kazuhiko Mori, Sachiyo Nomura, Yasuyuki Seto
BACKGROUND: Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-producing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has been considered to have a poor prognosis. We successfully treated a case of G-CSF-producing ESCC in a 92-year-old woman. CASE PRESENTATION: A 92-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with the complaints of choking while swallowing and dysphagia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a type 2 esophageal cancer located 26-35 cm from the dental arch, with no distant metastasis...
October 13, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Yoko Miwa, Masataka Sunohara, Hiroshi Arai, Tomonori Zaizen, Kazuharu Mine, Iwao Sato
The posterior superior alveolar canal (PSAC) composed of several canals which contains vessels and nerve in molar region of the maxilla of Japanese macaque. The PSAC of maxilla run to the maxillary sinus. However, the PSAC and accessory canal (AC) of the maxilla in the Japanese macaque (JM) is unknown in morphological features in the maxilla. The purpose of this study was to describe the PSAC of the primates and to determine whether this structure could be used as a model for the human clinical condition. In this study, we showed the course of PSAC structure of the 23 JMs (male: n = 15; female: n = 8) using a cone-beam computed tomography apparatus...
2016: Okajimas Folia Anatomica Japonica
Y Wang, Y Lin, B Chen, Y Zhang, P Di, C Yi
Objective: To assess and compare the radiographic outcomes of immediate implant placement with two different loading timing. Methods: The involved cases were collected from Department of Implantology, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology. Patients recieved immediate implant placement during 2010 Aug to 2012 Dec. The cases admitted delayed restoration program were assigned to Group Ⅰ(18 patients with 21 implants), the cases admitted immediate restoration program were assigned to Group Ⅱ (16 patients with 22 implants)...
October 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
Deise Berger Velten, Eliana Zandonade, Maria Helena Monteiro de Barros Miotto
BACKGROUND: Oral complications may be observed during chemotherapy and are important side effects that may directly affect the anticancer treatment, even causing septicaemia in some cases. This research was done in order to evaluate changes in oral lesions during follow-up of children and adolescents in chemotherapy at Hospital Estadual Infantil Nossa Senhora da Glória (HEINSG). METHODS: The study design was longitudinal, 45 patients were evaluated and monitored for 1 month after the initiation of chemotherapy...
October 3, 2016: BMC Oral Health
Sedighe Sadat Hashemikamangar, Farnoosh Yazdanpanah, Mansoore Mirzaii, Reza Yazdani, Mohammad Javad Karazifard, Esmaeil Yasini
The efficacy of methods like e-learning as a supplement to traditional face-to-face instruction needs to be evaluated in dental courses. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of posting case presentations on one of the educational websites of  the virtual school of Tehran University of Medical Sciences called "SARMAD" to enhance the ability of senior dental students to diagnose tooth discolorations and offer treatment plans. This experimental study had a pre-test/post-test control group design and was conducted on 63 senior dental students...
August 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
Krešimir Matoš, Zrinka Jurec, Ivan Galić, Marin Vodanović
INTRODUCTION: Occupational diseases are diseases caused by occupational exposures at the workplace, while diseases related to work are diseases caused by many factors, wherein the harmful work conditions are one of the possible causes. Dental medicine is a profession with a high risk of developing occupational diseases. The aim of this paper was to present the results of a survey about occupational health risks and health related habits among dental students at the School of Dental Medicine University of Zagreb and to show how this survey led to an improvement in education by introducing a new course into the dental curriculum...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Marijana Radić, Tomislav Benjak, Vlasta Dečković Vukres, Željko Rotim, Irina Filipović Zore
BACKGROUND: Dental caries is the most common oral disease affecting all age groups and a major cause of tooth loss. Although a decrease in the prevalence of dental caries has been marked across the globe, in many countries it has remained a major oral-health problem. AIM: The objective of this paper was to show the trends in the DMFT/dmft index ​​in Croatia, compare it with European countries and present further courses of action oriented towards promotion of oral health and decrease in caries prevalence...
December 2015: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
Aruna Ramesh, Rumpa Ganguly
PURPOSE: The use of electronic tools in teaching is growing rapidly in all fields, and there are many options to choose from. We present one such platform, Learning Catalytics™ (LC) (Pearson, New York, NY, USA), which we utilized in our oral and maxillofacial radiology course for second-year dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of our study was to assess the correlation between students' performance on course exams and self-assessment LC quizzes. The performance of 354 predoctoral dental students from 2 consecutive classes on the course exams and LC quizzes was assessed to identify correlations using the Spearman rank correlation test...
September 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Maha El Tantawi, Shazia Sadaf, Jehan AlHumaid
OBJECTIVES: To assess the satisfaction of first-year dental students with gamification and its effect on perceived and actual improvement of academic writing. METHODS: Two first-year classes of dental undergraduate students were recruited for the study which extended over 4 months and ended in January 2015. A pre-intervention assessment of students' academic writing skills was performed using criteria to evaluate writing. The same criteria were used to evaluate the final writing assignment after the intervention...
September 26, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Pankaj Gupta, Ashna Jain
INTRODUCTION: Hookah smoking has seen a reemergence in popularity in the last 30 years, particularly in the young urban population. This study aimed to compare the prevalence of and the attitude and beliefs about hookah smoking of people with a medical background and compare it with people from a non-medical background. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous questionnaire with ten questions about various aspects of hookah smoking was formulated using Google forms®, which was then circulated via Facebook®, Whatsapp® and emails to the intended participants and all responses were recorded and analyzed...
2016: Curēus
Maïtena Dumont, Paul Tafforeau, Thomas Bertin, Bhart-Anjan Bhullar, Daniel Field, Anne Schulp, Brandon Strilisky, Béatrice Thivichon-Prince, Laurent Viriot, Antoine Louchart
BACKGROUND: The dentitions of extinct organisms can provide pivotal information regarding their phylogenetic position, as well as paleobiology, diet, development, and growth. Extant birds are edentulous (toothless), but their closest relatives among stem birds, the Cretaceous Hesperornithiformes and Ichthyornithiformes, retained teeth. Despite their significant phylogenetic position immediately outside the avian crown group, the dentitions of these taxa have never been studied in detail...
2016: BMC Evolutionary Biology
M Rezende, J L De Geus, A D Loguercio, A Reis, D Kossatz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxicity of in-office bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide in epithelial cells from the gingival and lip tissues. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty volunteers with central incisors shade A1 or darker were selected for this study. The gingival tissue of the teeth to be bleached was isolated with a light-polymerized resin dam, and the 35% hydrogen peroxide gel was administered during three 15-minute applications over the course of the 45-minute application period...
September 20, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Peter Seizer, Michaela Rockenstiehl, Suzanne Fateh-Moghadam, Susanne Haen, Ferruh Artunc, Martin R Müller, Azadeh Ebrahimi, Reimer Riessen, Meinrad Gawaz, Falko Fend, Michael Haap
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 55-year old man suffers from progressive, distinctive dyspnoea and physical weakness since 5 days. Due to ST-segment changes in the ECG and a positive troponin-test, the primary care physician initiates an hospitalization. INVESTIGATIONS: After admission, the laboratory tests confirm the elevated troponin-values, and show additionally elevated pro-brain-natriuric-peptide-values. The coronary angiography presents a highly reduced left ventricular function, an aortic insufficiency III° and a coronary heart disease...
September 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
D Leguay
This article attempts to identify and put into perspective the different approaches that could globally prevent the suffering induced by schizophrenia, from the detection of early psychosis to the impact on individual and family functioning and emotional health. Schizophrenia causes, at the community level, a number of difficult consequences and associated costs, which likely could be reduced if specific strategies, already known and documented internationally, were applied. Two areas not explored in this article: the role of medication and the issue of suicide prevention...
September 9, 2016: L'Encéphale
Klaus W Neuhaus, Magali E Müller, Adrian Lussi
The oral health habits of pupils had not yet been analyzed for the canton of Neuchâtel. A questionnaire was provided to 9th grade high school pupils (final year) of the three schools located in the Neuchâtel area to asses both oral health knowledge and habits in this connection. The average age was 15.5±0.8 years, and 78.1% of the questionnaires were returned. The prophylaxis program was conducted for a total of 4.5 h during pupils’ entire time at school. The results showed that both knowledge and oral health habits could be improved...
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
Pravinkumar G Patil, Takayuki Ueda, Kaoru Sakurai
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify the influence of early clinical exposure for undergraduate students on self-perception of different aspects of geriatric dental care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have selected two different colleges from Japan and India, namely, Tokyo Dental College (TDC), Tokyo, and Government Dental College (GDC), Nagpur, respectively. The GDC students exposed to patients in a 3(rd) year and TDC in the 5(th) year of course. Survey of 74 undergraduate students GDC and 95 of TDC was conducted...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
Kirsty M Sands, Melanie J Wilson, Michael A O Lewis, Matt P Wise, Nicki Palmer, Anthony J Hayes, Rosemary A Barnes, David W Williams
PURPOSE: In mechanically ventilated patients, the endotracheal tube is an essential interface between the patient and ventilator, but inadvertently, it also facilitates the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) by subverting pulmonary host defenses. A number of investigations suggest that bacteria colonizing the oral cavity may be important in the etiology of VAP. The present study evaluated microbial changes that occurred in dental plaque and lower airways of 107 critically ill mechanically ventilated patients...
August 12, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Frederick A Curro, Mahmood S Mozaffari, Roy L Stevens, William Warner
In effort to stem the opioid epidemic, the authors of this editorial urge reforms for dental training by returning to the basics. This near abandonment of foundational sciences by stakeholders is at a high price: compromised patient safety and health.
September 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
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