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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786582/characteristics-of-epidemiology-of-dental-caries-in-children-from-regions-with-high-and-optimum-fluorine-content-in-drinking-water
#1
Valentina Trufanova, Olha Sheshukova, Vadym Davydenko, Tetiana Polishchuk, Sofia Bauman, Vitalina Dobroskok
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Prevention of dental diseases in children is the priority item on the modern dentistry agenda. Among the undeniable factors known as contributing into caries incidence, there is fluoride content in the external environment, especially in drinking water, which is the main source of fluoride intake. The aim: This study is aimed at evaluating dental caries indices in children and adolescents inhabiting in areas with optimal and high-level fluoride concentration in drinking water and assessing their level of oral hygiene...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786027/curriculum-development-for-a-module-on-noncommunicable-diseases-for-the-master-of-public-health-program
#2
Anu Mary Oommen, Rashmi Vyas, Minnie Faith, Dhayakani Selvakumar, Kuryan George
Background: As the burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has been rising globally, various educational programs have introduced chronic disease epidemiology teaching, which is now a component of most of the Master of Public Health (MPH) programs. However, the process of curriculum development for these courses has not been adequately documented for use by educators planning such courses. Methods: A detailed process of curriculum development based on David Kern's six-step approach was undertaken for a 2-week course on NCDs, as part of the MPH program of a tertiary institution in South India...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777524/mercury-involvement-in-neuronal-damage-and-in-neurodegenerative-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Veronica Lanza Cariccio, Annalisa Samà, Placido Bramanti, Emanuela Mazzon
Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and multiple sclerosis are characterized by a chronic and selective process of neuronal cell death. Although the causes of neurodegenerative diseases remain still unknown, it is now a well-established idea that more factors, such as genetic, endogenous, and environmental, are involved. Among environmental causes, the accumulation of mercury, a heavy metal considered a toxic agent, was largely studied as a probable factor involved in neurodegenerative disease course...
May 18, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772930/changes-in-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-ohrqol-related-to-long-term-utilization-of-dental-care-among-older-people
#4
Anne Nordrehaug Åstrøm, Gunnar Ekback, Sven Ordell, Ferda Gulcan
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether long-term utilization of dental care, treatment with fillings and crowns and persistent tooth loss between age 50 and 65 years associate with subsequent changes in OHRQoL from age 65 to 70 years. METHOD: In 1992, a census of 50-year-olds received invitation to participate in a questionnaire survey. Of 6346 respondents, 3585 completed follow-ups in 1997, 2002, 2007 and 2012. OHRQoL was measured using the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) inventory...
May 18, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769773/regular-oral-screening-and-vigilance-can-it-be-a-potential-lifesaver
#5
Madhu Singh Ratre, Ruchi Gulati, Shaleen Khetarpal, Ajay Parihar
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a malignant neoplasm of myeloid series defined by the presence of immature blast cells (>30%) in peripheral circulation. Oral manifestations are the potential indicators of systemic health and disease. Oral cavity is the frequently and early involved sites in AML. Gingival overgrowth due to leukemia is one such condition encountered by periodontists. Hence, understanding, identifying, and correlating oral manifestations with systemic diseases are the ultimate responsibility of every dental clinician because of its lethal and unpredictable course...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769002/defense-mechanisms-against-acid-exposure-by-dental-enamel-formation-saliva-and-pancreatic-juice-production
#6
Robert Racz, Akos Nagy, Zoltan Rakonczay, Erika Katalin Dunavari, Gabor Gerber, Gabor Varga
The pancreas, the salivary glands and the dental enamel producing ameloblasts have marked developmental, structural and functional similarities. One of the most striking similarities is their bicarbonate-rich secretory product serving acid neutralization. An important difference between them is that while pancreatic juice and saliva are delivered into a lumen where they can be collected and analyzed, ameloblasts produce locally precipitating hydroxyapatite which cannot be easily studied. Interestingly, the ion and protein secretion by the pancreas, the salivary glands, and maturation ameloblasts are all two-step processes, of course with significant differences too...
May 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768336/primary-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-the-maxilla-a-case-report
#7
Haixiao Zou, Haili Yang, Yuan Zou, Lang Lei, Li Song
RATIONALE: Lymphomas are the second most common non-epithelial malignant tumors in the oral and maxillofacial region. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) develops at extranodal sites, and cases involving the maxilla account for less than 1% of all NHLs. We describe a case of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in the maxilla, and highlight the clinical signs, symptoms, differential diagnosis, and appropriate treatment of DLBCL in the oral cavity and maxillofacial region. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 67-year-old woman was admitted to our surgical department with pain and swelling in her right upper posterior teeth for about six months...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763965/proximal-restoration-increases-the-risk-of-clinical-attachment-loss
#8
Kauê Collares, Flávio F Demarco, Bernardo L Horta, Marcos B Correa
AIM: To estimate the effect of proximal direct restorations in the adjacent periodontal tissues in adults from a birth cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample (n = 539) of all 5,914 births occurring in Pelotas, Brazil in 1982 was prospectively investigated, being clinical attachment loss (CAL), probing depth (PD) and bleeding on probing (BOP) assessed at 31 yrs-old. For each site, tooth surface was evaluated as sound or restored, being the restoration extension (subgingival or supragingival) and restoration material (composite and amalgam) considered...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754856/three-dimensional-dental-and-craniofacial-manifestations-in-patients-with-late-diagnosis-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-report-of-2-cases
#9
Rafaela de Oliveira Torres, Andréa Vaz Braga Pintor, Fábio Ribeiro Guedes, Lucia Helena Soares Cevidanes, Liana Bastos Freitas-Fernandes, Antônio Carlos de Oliveira Ruellas, Ivete Pomarico Ribeiro de Souza
The objective of this study was to report the clinical evaluation results and 3-dimensional (3-D) dental and craniofacial characteristics observed in 2 male patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type II. The patients were evaluated clinically (soft tissue evaluation, evaluation of occlusion, periodontal and dental examinations) and by using craniofacial computed tomography, with evaluation of 3-D images in ITK-Snap v. 2.2 (Penn Image Computing and Science Laboratory, Philadelphia, PA; http://www.itksnap.org/) and 3-D Slicer (http://www...
April 16, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739845/evidence-based-practice-knowledge-attitude-access-and-confidence-a-comparison-of-dental-hygiene-and-dental-students
#10
Victoria Santiago, Melissa Cardenas, Anne Laure Charles, Estefany Hernandez, Udochukwu Oyoyo, So Ran Kwon
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether current educational strategies at a dental institution in the United States made a difference in dental hygiene (DNHY) and dental students' (D3) learning outcomes in the four domains of evidence-based practice (EBP), knowledge, attitude, accessing evidence, and confidence (KACE), following a 12-week research design course. Methods: All participants DNHY (n=19) and D3 (n=96) enrolled in the research design course at Loma Linda University completed a paper KACE survey distributed on the first day of class...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739843/dental-hygiene-students-clinical-skill-acquisition-activity-theory-and-the-use-of-videos
#11
Sally N Lockwood, Sharon M Compton, Jacqueline L Green, Kari Rasmussen
Purpose: Entry-level students in dental hygiene programs have already demonstrated a level of academic success; however they often struggle with the acquisition of psychomotor skills. Recognizing that traditional course materials were not addressing the needs of entry level dental hygiene students, instructional videos were produced to demonstrate clinical skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate students' perception of instructional videos and their impact on the learning environment in regards to students' experiences of skills acquisition...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733219/the-photoshop-smile-design-technique
#12
Edward A McLaren, Ronald E Goldstein
Esthetic or cosmetic dentistry has become one of the main areas of dental practice emphasis and growth for the past several decades. Many articles have been written and courses taught over the years on concepts of smile design to develop a treatment plan for an esthetic outcome for the patient. The beauty of digital smile design is that patients can see the potential esthetic outcomes of treatment options in minutes. While other dental processes would still need to be completed (ie, generating casts, testing vertical changes and esthetics with a mock-up, etc), using smile design software to visualize the end result is a way to get acceptance by the patient prior to starting the physical processes...
May 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729097/3d-printed-model-for-hands-on-training-in-dental-traumatology
#13
M Reymus, C Fotiadou, R Hickel, C Diegritz
AIM: To assess the feasibility of creating a realistic model for hands-on training in dental traumatology using 3D printing technology, and then to investigate the added value of working with the website dentaltraumaguide. org. METHODOLOGY: With the use of special software applications, a model was designed based on the CBCT of the maxilla of a real patient that imitated several traumatic dental injuries. The model was reproduced using a stereolithographic printer in order to use the specimens in a hands-on training course on dental traumatology for undergraduate students in their final year in the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology in Munich, Germany...
May 5, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723319/prosthetic-tooth-replacement-in-a-german-population-over-the-course-of-11-years-results-of-the-study-of-health-in-pomerania
#14
Torsten Mundt, Christian Schwahn, Carsten Oliver Schmidt, Reiner Biffar, Stefanie Samietz
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in distribution of teeth and in prosthodontic tooth replacement during an 11-year period in an adult population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information on prosthetic status was collected from 4,288 participants aged 20 to 81 years at baseline in the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-0) and from 2,244 participants aged 30 to 92 years who reappeared in the 11-year follow-up (SHIP-2). The tooth distribution per arch was classified into one of the six following classes: class 0 (edentulous), class 1 (one to three remaining teeth), class 2 (extended tooth-bounded space or extreme shortened dental arch), class 3 (small anterior space), class 4 (small posterior space with one or more missing premolars), or class 5 (functional dentition)...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720143/integrating-student-feedback-during-dental-curriculum-hack-a-thon
#15
Shawheen S Saffari, R Frederick Lambert, Lucy Dang, Sarah Pagni, Irina F Dragan
BACKGROUND: The future of dental education is at crossroads. This study used the parameter of the 2016 Dental Curriculum Hack-a-Thon to assess intra- and inter-institutional agreement between student and faculty views regarding dental curriculums to determine if there is an impact in student perceptions towards dental education from before and after the event. METHODS: This exploratory, cross-sectional study involved two surveys, with Survey 1 being distributed among four faculty-student pairs of the four participating dental schools answering 14 questions...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717076/what-matters-from-admissions-identifying-success-and-risk-among-canadian-dental-students
#16
Rachel A Plouffe, Robert Hammond, Harvey A Goldberg, Saad Chahine
The aims of this study were to determine whether different student profiles would emerge in terms of high and low GPA performance in each year of dental school and to investigate the utility of preadmissions variables in predicting performance and performance stability throughout each year of dental school. Data from 11 graduating cohorts (2004-14) at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, Canada, were collected and analyzed using bivariate correlations, latent profile analysis, and hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs)...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717074/comparing-practice-management-courses-in-canadian-dental-schools
#17
Dieter J Schonwetter, Barry Schwartz
Practice management has become an increasingly important aspect of dental education over the years in order to better prepare students for the reality of practice. The aim of this study was to quantify and describe practice management courses taught at the ten Canadian dental schools in order to identify common approaches, compare hours, determine types of instructors, and assess the relationship between courses' learning objectives and the Association of Canadian Faculties of Dentistry (ACFD) competencies and Bloom's cognitive levels...
May 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701324/the-hydrolysis-of-aln-powder-a-powerful-tool-in-advanced-materials-engineering
#18
REVIEW
Andraž Kocjan
The tendency for aluminium nitride (AlN) powder to undergo hydrolysis, which can lead to a complete degradation of the material, is unique in metal nitrides. Although this form of hydrolysis has been known for a long time, it is generally considered as a nuisance, because it prevents the aqueous powder processing of AlN-based ceramics. However, careful investigations of the course of hydrolysis, the reaction kinetics and the evolution of aluminium hydroxides have uncovered exceptional possibilities for the exploitation of this naturally driven process in the area of advanced materials engineering...
April 27, 2018: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700733/the-surgical-management-of-severe-dentofacial-infections-dfi-a-prospective-study
#19
Conor M Bowe, Maeve A O'Neill, John E O'Connell, Gerard J Kearns
Dentofacial infections (DFI) lead to morbidity and rarely, mortality. We hypothesised that certain clinical and laboratory parameter factors may be associated with a more severe course and an increased length of stay. We designed a prospective study that included all patients admitted with a DFI to the Oral and Maxillofacial Department between July 2014 and July 2015. A total of 125 were enrolled. We found that serum concentration of CRP on admission and increasing number of fascial spaces involved by the infection were significant predictors of hospital stay (p = 0...
April 27, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699545/inequalities-in-oral-health-among-adolescents-in-gangneung-south-korea
#20
Se-Hwan Jung, Myoung-Hee Kim, Jae-In Ryu
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate inequality in oral health among adolescents and to explain the mechanisms of such inequalities in Gangneung, South Korea. METHODS: One thousand two hundred sixty-seven students in their first year from four vocational and three general schools participated in the baseline survey of 2011, and 84.7% of them were surveyed again in 2013. Oral examinations by the same dentist and a self-administered questionnaire were repeated during both waves...
April 24, 2018: BMC Oral Health
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