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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102096/cutoff-score-evaluation-of-undergraduate-dental-curriculum
#1
Laila Ahmed Bahammam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Exams at the Faculty of Dentistry (KAUFD) are usually constructed to match King Abdulaziz University (KAU) policy of a fixed 60% cutoff score, though they have never been tested or evaluated. The purpose of this study was to validate the cutoff scores of three final fifth-year written exams of the undergraduate Endodontic course to assess whether they were similar to KAU regulation using the Angoff rating method. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: This study was conducted between May 2014 and February 2015 at the Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University...
January 19, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088226/use-of-an-intraoperative-navigation-system-for-retrieving-a-broken-dental-instrument-in-the-mandible-a-case-report
#2
Shintaro Sukegawa, Takahiro Kanno, Akane Shibata, Kenichi Matsumoto, Yuka Sukegawa-Takahashi, Kyosuke Sakaida, Yoshihiko Furuki
BACKGROUND: A fracture of root canal instruments, with a fractured piece protruding beyond the apex, is a troublesome incident during an endodontic treatment. Locating and retrieving them represents a challenge to maxillofacial surgeons because it is difficult to access due to the proximity between the foreign body and vital structures. Although safe and accurate for surgery, radiographs and electromagnetic devices do not provide a precise three-dimensional position. In contrast, computer-aided navigation provides a correlation between preoperatively collected data and intraoperatively encountered anatomy...
January 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074549/systemic-alterations-and-their-oral-manifestations-in-pregnant-women
#3
REVIEW
Camilla Silva de Araujo Figueiredo, Cíntia Gonçalves Carvalho Rosalem, Andre Luis Costa Cantanhede, Érika Bárbara Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Maria Carmen Fontoura Nogueira da Cruz
The aims of this literature review are: to depict the main oral diseases that are related to pregnancy; to clarify some of the possible systemic mechanisms that are associated with these changes; and to address issues about oral care during pregnancy. A woman's organs undergo various physiological, neurological, and hormonal changes during pregnancy. Such changes occur gradually and are essential for the development of the fetus, providing what is needed for tissue formation and establishment of reserves for uterine and fetal life...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049684/the-benefit-of-a-switch-answer-changing-on-multiple-choice-exams-by-first-year-dental-students
#4
Sarah E Pagni, Anna G Bak, Steven E Eisen, Jennipher L Murphy, Matthew D Finkelman, Gerard Kugel
The aim of this study was to determine if dental students would benefit from changing their initial responses to what they have deemed to be more suitable answers during high-stakes multiple-choice examinations. Students are often advised to stay with their first answers despite evidence from other fields suggesting this is not the best course for obtaining optimal final exam scores. Data were collected for 160 first-year DMD students in fall 2013 for three operative dentistry and four biochemistry exams at Tufts University School of Dental Medicine...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049683/predicting-performance-in-technical-preclinical-dental-courses-using-advanced-simulation
#5
Riki Gottlieb, Mary A Baechle, Charles Janus, Sharon K Lanning
The aim of this study was to investigate whether advanced simulation parameters, such as simulation exam scores, number of student self-evaluations, time to complete the simulation, and time to complete self-evaluations, served as predictors of dental students' preclinical performance. Students from three consecutive classes (n=282) at one U.S. dental school completed advanced simulation training and exams within the first four months of their dental curriculum. The students then completed conventional preclinical instruction and exams in operative dentistry (OD) and fixed prosthodontics (FP) courses, taken during the first and second years of dental school, respectively...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041686/evaluation-of-a-commercially-available-hyaluronic-acid-hydrogel-restylane-as-injectable-scaffold-for-dental-pulp-regeneration-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-evaluation
#6
Vanessa Chrepa, Obadah Austah, Anibal Diogenes
INTRODUCTION: Regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) are viable alternatives for treating immature teeth, yet these procedures do not predictably lead to pulp-dentin regeneration. A true bioengineering approach for dental pulp regeneration requires the incorporation of a scaffold conducive with the regeneration of the pulp-dentin complex. Several materials have been proposed as scaffolds for REPs; nonetheless, the majority are not eligible for immediate clinical chairside use. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate Restylane, a Food and Drug Administration-approved hyaluronic acid-based gel, as possible scaffold for REPs...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035301/brazilian-young-dental-practitioners-use-and-acceptance-of-digital-radiographic-examinations
#7
Karla Rovaris, Karla de Faria Vasconcelos, Eduarda Helena Leandro do Nascimento, Matheus Lima Oliveira, Deborah Queiroz Freitas, Francisco Haiter-Neto
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the use and acceptance of digital radiographic examinations by Brazilian dental practitioners in daily practice and to evaluate the advances that have occurred over the past 5 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental practitioners enrolled in extension courses at the Piracicaba Dental School, University of Campinas, Brazil, responded to a self-administered questionnaire in the years 2011 and 2015. They were asked about sociodemographic factors and their knowledge and use of digital radiographic examinations...
December 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034342/an-evaluation-of-experiences-and-views-of-scottish-leadership-training-opportunities-amongst-primary-care-professionals
#8
Ailsa Power, Helen Allbutt, Lucy Munro, Marion MacLeod, Susan Kennedy, Donald Cameron, Ken Scoular, Graham Orr, John Gillies
AIM: To determine experiences of leadership training of six primary care professions in Scotland and consider future development. METHODS: A questionnaire on previous leadership course attendance and future intentions was distributed to community pharmacists, general dental practitioners, general practitioners, practice nurses, practice managers and optometrists. Analysis comprised descriptive statistics for closed questions and management of textual data. RESULTS: Formal leadership training participation was fairly low except for practice managers...
December 30, 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033685/clinical-anatomy-and-surgical-significance-of-the-lingual-foramina-and-their-canals
#9
REVIEW
Puhan He, Mindy K Truong, Nimer Adeeb, R Shane Tubbs, Joe Iwanaga
The lingual foramina and canals can be categorized as medial or lateral based on their relation to the midline of the mandible. Investigation of the mandibular lingual region is often done with gross anatomical dissections of cadavers, 2D panoramic radiographic imaging, CT and cone beam CT (CBCT). While gross studies are the most reliable at qualifying canal contents and course, CBCT proved to be superior to other radiographic techniques for visualizing lingual foramina and canals. The submental and sublingual arteries, and their branches are found in the lingual vascular canals...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019067/dental-students-ability-to-locate-emergency-equipment-lessons-learned-from-aviation
#10
H M Pinsky, J M Le, D G Sweier, K Marti
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dental student's ability to locate medical emergency equipment/items at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry clinic. METHODS: A total of 138 second-year dental students (traditional group) participated in this study as part of a simulation-based medical emergencies rotation course held during the winter term of 2014 and 2015. Without prior training, students were tested on their ability to locate nine predetermined items on the clinic floor using a self-reported checklist...
December 25, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019061/students-perceptions-of-a-blended-learning-experience-in-dental-education
#11
S Varthis, O R Anderson
INTRODUCTION: "Flipped" instructional sequencing is a new instructional method where online instruction precedes the group meeting, allowing for more sophisticated learning through discussion and critical thinking during the in-person class session; a novel approach studied in this research. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document dental students' perceptions of flipped-based blended learning and to apply a new method of displaying their perceptions based on Likert-scale data analysis using a network diagramming method known as an item correlation network diagram (ICND)...
December 25, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012538/assessment-of-complete-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-patients-determination-of-factors-effecting-dental-arch-relationships
#12
Anas Imran Arshad, Mohammad Khursheed Alam, Mohd Fadhli Khamis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to assess the treatment outcome of non-syndromic patients having complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) by using GOSLON index and to determine any association of pre and/or postnatal factors with the treatment outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and one sets of dental models of patients having CUCLP were assessed in this retrospective study. Five examiners that were blinded to case-specific information scored the dental models at two instances with an interval of two weeks to ensure memory bias elimination (5 × 101 × 2 = 1010 observations)...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995227/education-status-of-oral-genetics-at-the-fourth-military-medical-university-and-other-chinese-dental-schools
#13
Yan Li Zhang, Chang Ning Wang, Zhi Peng Fan, Yang Jiao, Xiao Hong Duan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current state of genetics education at the Fourth Military Medical University (FMMU) and compare it with other dental schools of China. METHODS: Detailed information about the history and current education status of Oral Genetics in the FMMU were collected and questionnaires were completed to acquire the feedback of twenty-seven students on the course. In the other thirty-five dental schools including the capitals of twenty-five provinces and four municipalities in China, information about the oral genetic course were collected by a telephone survey...
2016: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981265/-medicines-and-oral-healthcare-3-insurance-coverage-and-qualification-to-prescribe
#14
A Vissink, C de Baat, F K L Spijkervet, W G Brands
On the advice of the National Health Care Institute in the Netherlands and the institute's Board of Scientific Advisors, the minister of Health, Welfare and Sport decides whether a certain drug will or will not be included in the list of drugs covered by the basic health insurance plan mandated for all Dutch citizens. In making this decision emphasis is placed on the therapeutic value of that particular drug compared to that of the standard drug for that disorder, the impact that the inclusion of the drug would have on the budget and the drug's cost-effectiveness...
December 2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973940/preliminary-evidence-supports-modification-of-retraction-technique-to-prevent-needlestick-injuries
#15
Bernadette Alvear Fa, Eve Cuny
A modified retraction technique was introduced into the DDS degree preclinical anesthesia course in 2011 with the goal of reducing needlestick exposure incidents. In numerous studies of dental exposures, injuries from dental anesthetic needles account for the highest proportion of all exposures. The purpose of this study was to assess the preliminary impact of a modified retraction technique on the incidence of blood and body fluids (BBF) exposure incidents associated with needles during injection. Data from evaluations of students from 2014 and 2015 were obtained and tracked to determine whether the modified retraction technique was "excellent," "clinically acceptable," or "clinically unacceptable...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957285/dental-implants-after-the-use-of-bichat-s-buccal-fat-pad-for-the-sealing-of-oro-antral-communications-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Cosimo Galletti, Giovanni Cammaroto, Francesco Galletti, Octavi Camps-Font, Cosme Gay-Escoda, José-Javier Bara-Casaus
Oro-antral communications are frequent complications in oral surgery, and generally occur after molar extractions, maxillary sinus elevations or dental implant procedures. The presence of these defects may increase the morbidity and often need a surgical approach. The present report describes an oro-antral communication in a 52-year-old female who presented a 2 week-course of painless nasal obstruction and rhinorrea after a right maxillary sinus floor elevationwith simultaneous dental implant placement. Based on the anamnesis, clinical examination and a computed tomographyof the paranasal sinuses, a diagnosis of odontogenic rhinosinusitis associated with a 1...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943537/interdisciplinary-approach-to-education-preparing-general-dentists-to-manage-dental-trauma
#17
Janice Townsend, Brett King, Richard Ballard, Paul Armbruster, Kent Sabey
The traditional dental curriculum presents limited opportunities for students to evaluate and treat patients with acute dental trauma. In an effort to increase student experiences, faculty at a dental school initiated and taught an interdisciplinary trauma course from 2014 to 2016. This course was elective, offered in the final year of dental school, and combined student-led and faculty-led case-based discussions of management of traumatic dental injuries with hospital trauma call shadowing. Modifications of the course were made based on student feedback...
November 4, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942544/oral-health-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-community-health-workers-in-east-azerbaijan-iran
#18
Amir Eskandari, Nader Abolfazli, Ardeshir Lafzi, Shima Golmohammadi
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Prevention is the key factor in acquiring dental and oral health. Community health workers, as a part of health care networks in Iran, play an important role in delivering primary care and their knowledge and attitude directly affect the population whom they interact with in their service scope. PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to evaluate the knowledge and attitude level of community health workers regarding oral health. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This descriptive analytical study was carried out on 1170 community health workers who were employed in health offices in East Azerbaijan to evaluate their knowledge and attitude level about oral health...
December 2016: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934670/assessment-of-diagnosed-temporomandibular-disorders-and-orofacial-pain-conditions-by-predoctoral-dental-students-a-pilot-study
#19
Shawn S Adibi, Krishna Kumar Kookal, Nichole M Fishbeck, Chris R Thompson, Muhammad F Walji
Temporomandibular disorders and orofacial pain (TMD/OFP) conditions are challenging to diagnose for predoctoral dental students due to the multifactorial etiology, complexity, and controversial issues surrounding these conditions. The aim of this study was to determine if patients in the clinic of one U.S. dental school reported existing signs and symptoms of TMD/OFP, whether the dental students diagnosed the condition based on the reported signs and symptoms, and if the condition was then treated. The study was based on a retrospective analysis of electronic health record data over a three-year period...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925126/factors-related-to-the-dental-caries-incidence-in-youth-a-cohort-study-in-brazilian-northeastern
#20
Ana Karine Macedo Teixeira, Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, Luiz Roberto Augusto Noro
The conceptual model of the life course considers that health-disease is a dynamic process that is also affected by previous and current lifelong experiences. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of caries and its determinants in young people in Sobral-Ceará, Brazil. This was a cohort study of oral health started in 2000, with waves in 2006 and 2012. 482 young people aged 17-21 years were examined and interviewed. The incidence of caries between 2006 and 2012 was the outcome analyzed and the independent variables were socioeconomic conditions and use of oral health actions and services...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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