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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131460/pilot-study-on-the-effectiveness-and-students-attitude-towards-undergraduate-training-provided-by-industry
#1
M Karl, M Franz, T Grobecker-Karl, M Scheib
INTRODUCTION: Rapid developments in CAD/CAM technology necessitate the adaptation of curriculum content. Limited resources hinder institutions in holding state of the art equipment available for student training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A workshop given by an industry partner was organised as part of the final pre-clinical course in prosthodontics for the academic years 2015 and 2016. The workshop on dental ceramics and CAD/CAM technology comprised of lectures and practical demonstrations...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123620/the-effects-of-regular-exercise-on-capsaicin-induced-pulpal-pain-and-pain-induced-changes-in-passive-avoidance-learning-and-memory-in-rats
#2
Maryam Raoof, Afshin Shakoori, Razieh Kooshki, Mehdi Abbasnejad, Sara Amanpour
Background: Pulpal pain is one of the most common and severe orofacial pain conditions with considerable adverse effects on physiological processes including learning and memory. Regular exercise is known to be effective on cognitive function as well as pain processing in the central nervous system. Here, the possible effects of regular exercise on pulpal pain response as well as pain-induced changes in learning and memory efficiency in rats were investigated. Methods: Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to the control, capsaicin, exercise, and exercise plus capsaicin groups...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122070/caretakers-self-selected-oral-health-goals-self-efficacy-perceived-compliance-and-effect-on-recall-attendance
#3
Travis Nelson, Marcio A da Fonseca, JoAnna M Scott, Najmeh Hannanvash, Phillip Weinstein
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe caretakers' self-selected pediatric oral health goals, self-reported compliance, perceived self-efficacy, and perceived barriers to goal accomplishment. The effect of self-management plans on recall attendance was also evaluated. METHODS: Fifty caretaker-patient pairs who presented for examinations at a university pediatric dental clinic were assigned to an intervention group. Fifty age-matched subjects were assigned to the comparison group...
July 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120528/student-performance-in-a-flipped-classroom-dental-anatomy-course
#4
S Chutinan, C A Riedy, S E Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dental student learning in a dental anatomy module between traditional lecture and flipped classroom cohorts. METHODS: Two cohorts of predoctoral dental students (N = 70 within each cohort) participated in a dental anatomy module within an Introduction to the Dental Patient (IDP) course ([traditional/lecture cohort: academic year (AY) 2012, 2013] and [flipped classroom cohort: AY 2014, 2015]). For the dental anatomy module, both cohorts were evaluated on pre-clinical tooth waxing exercises immediately after each of five lectures and tooth identification after all lectures were given...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120509/simulation-training-for-medical-emergencies-in-the-dental-setting-using-an-inexpensive-software-application
#5
N Kishimoto, N Mukai, Y Honda, Y Hirata, M Tanaka, Y Momota
INTRODUCTION: Every dental provider needs to be educated about medical emergencies to provide safe dental care. Simulation training is available with simulators such as advanced life support manikins and robot patients. However, the purchase and development costs of these simulators are high. We have developed a simulation training course on medical emergencies using an inexpensive software application. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the educational effectiveness of this course...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120152/first-aid-management-in-emergency-care-of-dental-injuries-%C3%A2-knowledge-among-teachers-in-rijeka-croatia
#6
Danko Bakarčić, Sandra Hrvatin, Mia Maroević, Nataša Ivančić Jokić
The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the knowledge and attitude regarding emergency treatment of dental trauma among elementary school teachers in the city of Rijeka, Croatia. A total of 144 teachers answered a four-part questionnaire which comprised questions regarding demographic data, role and responsibility at the working place, knowledge about dental trauma, and motivation for further education on the topic. Nearly half of the participants (47.2%) reported having seen at least one dental trauma in their professional careers...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118255/the-effect-of-stainless-steel-and-silicone-instruments-on-hand-comfort-and-strength-a-pilot-study
#7
Melanie J Hayes
Purpose: Many dental hygienists experience musculoskeletal pain during the course of their careers, often as a result of the sustained grips on instruments and repetitive movements employed during clinical practice. Current research suggests that lighter instruments with a larger diameter reduce force and load on the hand during scaling procedures; therefore, the texture and weight of silicone handles is designed to decrease the strain placed on the hand and fingers. The purpose of this research is to investigate and compare the effect of silicone instrument handles and traditional stainless steel instrument handles on hand comfort and strength...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118253/student-preparation-for-the-national-board-dental-hygiene-examination-a-national-survey-of-dental-hygiene-program-directors
#8
Ann L Nordquist, Tanya Villalpando Mitchell, Pamela R Overman, Christopher J Van Ness, Cynthia C Gadbury-Amyot
Purpose: Dental hygiene students nearing completion of their educational programs are required to take written and clinical examinations in order to be eligible for licensure. The written licensure exam, the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE), is administered by the Joint Commission of National Dental Examinations (JCNDE). Failing a licensing examination is a costly experience for students and has the potential for a negative impact on a program's accreditation status. Nursing programs have published extensively on strategies used to prepare students for licensure examinations...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118149/perceptions-related-to-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-among-california-college-students
#9
Shiva Abadi, Elizabeth T Couch, Benjamin W Chaffee, Margaret M Walsh
Purpose: To assess electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, factors associated with use, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals in a sample of college students attending a public university in northern California, using a web-based survey.Methods: In this quantitative cross-sectional study, survey items assessed e-cigarette use, perceived risks and benefits, and exposure to e-cigarette-related information from health professionals and were pilot tested for feasibility and acceptability...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118147/admissions-criteria-that-influence-dental-hygiene-students-performance-on-board-examinations
#10
Jennifer O Rudy, Jacqueline A Singleton, Linda Hart Lewis, Rachel N Quick
Purpose: The purpose of the study is to assess which dental hygiene program admission variables contribute to the selection of students who are successful in passing the National Board Dental Hygiene Examination (NBDHE) and a clinical dental hygiene board examination.Methods: A retrospective study was conducted by investigating 121 educational records and application forms from graduates through the years 2008 to 2011 from one educational institution. Predictor variables included re-application status, student GPA, age, race/ethnicity, type of school attended for pre-requisite coursework, number of times the pre-requisite courses needed to be retaken, course load while taking the pre-requisites, previous degrees obtained, American College Test (ACT) scores and student participation in the university's lower division (LD) or upper pre-placement (UPP) program...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118067/a-comparison-of-cognitive-presence-in-asynchronous-and-synchronous-discussions-in-an-online-dental-hygiene-course
#11
Amy L Molnar, Rachel C Kearney
Purpose: Many dental hygiene degree completion (34) and graduate (14) programs offer the majority or all of their course offerings online. While the concept of real-time video web-conferencing has been realized through advances in technology, only 5% of dental hygiene programs report utilizing real-time technologies. The purpose of this study was to use the Community of Inquiry Framework to observe and compare the development of cognitive presence and critical thinking between two different methods of online discussion; asynchronous discussion boards and synchronous video web-conferences...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093150/should-student-evaluation-of-teaching-play-a-significant-role-in-the-formal-assessment-of-dental-faculty-two-viewpoints-viewpoint-1-formal-faculty-assessment-should-include-student-evaluation-of-teaching-and-viewpoint-2-student-evaluation-of-teaching-should
#12
Susan Rowan, Elmer J Newness, Sotirios Tetradis, Joanne L Prasad, Ching-Chang Ko, Arlene Sanchez
Student evaluation of teaching (SET) is often used in the assessment of faculty members' job performance and promotion and tenure decisions, but debate over this use of student evaluations has centered on the validity, reliability, and application of the data in assessing teaching performance. Additionally, the fear of student criticism has the potential of influencing course content delivery and testing measures. This Point/Counterpoint article reviews the potential utility of and controversy surrounding the use of SETs in the formal assessment of dental school faculty...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093149/developing-prosthodontic-residents-communication-strategies-with-edentulous-patients-a-pilot-study
#13
Varsha Murthy, K R Sethuraman, Sunayana Choudhury, P Shakila
The aim of this study was to investigate whether prosthodontic residents' attitudes toward provider-client communication would be shaped by a tailor-made communications skills course. In 2016, the pre-intervention attitudes of all six second- and third-year prosthodontic residents in a three-year residency at an academic dental institution in India were assessed using the Communication Skills Attitude Scale (CSAS). The residents' performance was then video-recorded while they treated complete denture patients and was analyzed using the Kalamazoo scale, a validated scale for communication skills assessment...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093148/an-emergency-simulation-course-in-a-postdoctoral-general-dentistry-program-the-new-york-presbyterian-weill-cornell-medicine-experience
#14
Marsha E Rubin, Heidi J Hansen
Dentists can encounter life-threatening medical emergencies during the provision of routine dental care and must therefore be comfortable with the management of these emergencies. High-fidelity simulation has been used routinely in medical and surgical training and is a recognized and effective educational and assessment tool. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a new high-fidelity simulation training course in medical emergency management for residents in the General Practice Residency program at New York Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medicine...
November 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070060/the-relationship-between-childhood-body-weight-and-dental-caries-experience-an-umbrella-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Susan J Carson, Lamis Abuhaloob, Derek Richards, Mark P Hector, Ruth Freeman
BACKGROUND: Obesity and dental caries are global public health problems which can impact in childhood and throughout the life course. In simple terms, childhood dental caries and body weight are linked via the common risk factor of diet. An association between dental caries and obesity has been described in a number of studies and reviews. However, similarly, a relationship has also been noted between low body weight and caries experience in children. This protocol will provide the framework for an umbrella review to address the following question: Does the available evidence support a relationship between dental caries experience and body weight in the child population? METHODS: This review protocol outlines the process to carry out an umbrella systematic review which will synthesise previous reviews of childhood dental caries experience and body weight...
October 25, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067521/dental-implant-surfaces-after-insertion-in-bone-an-in-vitro-study-in-four-commercial-implant-systems
#16
Herbert Deppe, Carolina Wolff, Florian Bauer, Ricarda Ruthenberg, Anton Sculean, Thomas Mücke
OBJECTIVES: Primary healing of dental implants is influenced by their surface morphology. However, little is known about any alterations in morphology during their insertion. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the surface morphology of four different implant systems, following their insertion in porcine jaw bones. METHODS: Four fresh porcine mandible specimens were used. Six new implants of four systems (Ankylos® 4.5 × 14 mm, Frialit Synchro® 4...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064818/-dental-perspective-on-crohn-s-disease-literature-review
#17
Beata Głowacka, Małgorzata Radwan-Oczko
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, idiophatic inflammatory process of the gastrointestinal tract and its cause remains unknown. It can affect any part of the digestive system, but preferentially involves the terminal part of the small intestine and the beginning of the large intestine. The disease course is usually long-term with episodes of remission and relapses. The clinical presentation of the disease varies and depends on the site of inflammation. Oral lesions can occur in 80% of pediatric and 90% of adult patients with CD...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063645/curriculum-content-in-geriatric-dentistry-in-usa-dental-schools
#18
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to re-examine the teaching of geriatric dentistry in the USA dental schools, to identify curriculum content and compare the findings to previous reports. METHODS: All dental schools in the United States were contacted via email with a questionnaire to assess the teaching of geriatric dentistry. Non-responding schools were sent a minimum of three reminder emails to complete the survey. A statistical analysis was performed. Descriptive statistics were conducted to profile the variables of interest...
October 23, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063339/metagenomic-analysis-of-gingival-sulcus-microbiota-and-pathogenesis-of-periodontitis-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#19
E A Babaev, I P Balmasova, A M Mkrtumyan, S N Kostryukova, E S Vakhitova, E N Il'ina, V N Tsarev, A G Gabibov, S D Arutyunov
Biofilm of the gingival sulcus from 22 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and periodontitis, 30 patients with periodontitis not complicated by diabetes mellitus (reference group), and 22 healthy volunteers without signs of gingival disease (control group) was studied by quantitative PCR. Quantitative analysis for the content of P. gingivalis, T. forsythia, A. ctinomycetemcomitans, T. denticola, P. intermedia, F. nucleatum/periodonticum, and P. endodontalis in the dental plaque was performed with a Dentoscreen kit...
October 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059072/teaching-medical-students-to-communicate-with-empathy-and-clarity-using-improvisation
#20
Evonne Kaplan-Liss, Valeri Lantz-Gefroh, Elizabeth Bass, Deirdre Killebrew, Nicholas M Ponzio, Christine Savi, Christine O'Connell
PROBLEM: Medical educators widely accept that health care providers need strong communication skills. The authors sought to develop a course incorporating improvisation to teach health professions students communication skills and build empathy. APPROACH: Teaching health care professionals to communicate more effectively with patients, the public, and each other is a goal of the Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science at Stony Brook University. The authors designed an interprofessional elective for medical, nursing, and dental students that differed in several respects from traditional communication training...
October 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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