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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805024/sign-language-in-dental-education-a-new-nexus
#1
T Jones, K Cumberbatch
FOCUS: The introduction of the landmark mandatory teaching of sign language to undergraduate dental students at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica, to bridge the communication gap between dentists and their patients is reviewed. LITERATURE REVIEW: A review of over 90 Doctor of Dental Surgery and Doctor of Dental Medicine curricula in North America, the United Kingdom, parts of Europe and Australia showed no inclusion of sign language in those curricula as a mandatory component...
August 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791981/the-oral-adverse-effects-of-isotretinoin-treatment-in-acne-vulgaris-patients-a-prospective-case-control-study
#2
U Erdemir, G Okan, S Gungor, B Tekin, S O Yildiz, E Yildiz
BACKGROUND: Isotretinoin is the most effective therapy to treat severe acne vulgaris and its systemic adverse effects have been well documented, but little is known on dental side effects over the course of treatment. OBJECTIVES: This prospective case-control study aimed to evaluate the oral adverse effects of isotretinoin in Turkish patients with acne vulgaris; compare oral conditions between patients and normal controls; and investigate the association between salivary parameters and International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) scores...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790120/zinc-containing-dental-fixative-causing-copper-deficiency-myelopathy
#3
Liam Stuart Carroll, Azmil H Abdul-Rahim, Rosanne Murray
A 62-year-old male, previously well, was referred to neurology clinic following 6 months history of worsening lower limbs instability, paraesthesia, pain and weakness rendering him housebound. Examination revealed upper motor neuron pattern of weakness of the lower limbs and loss of proprioception. Serum analysis revealed reduced caeruloplasmin and copper levels with raised zinc. Spinal imaging revealed subtle dorsal column intensity changes in C2-C7, confirmed with 3T MRI. A copper deficiency myeloneuropathy was diagnosed secondary to chronic use of a zinc-containing dental fixative paste...
August 8, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765470/the-role-of-oral-health-care-professionals-in-providing-medical-services
#4
Michael Glick, Barbara L Greenberg
Integration of oral health care professionals (OHCPs) into medical care could advance efforts to control increasingly prevalent conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, human immunodeficiency virus infection, and hepatitis C infection, each of which is associated with significant morbidity and health care costs. Prevention and early intervention are effective for reducing the incidence and severity of these diseases, while increasing cost of health care may drive the need for nontraditional models of health education and delivery...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765443/integration-of-digital-dentistry-into-a-predoctoral-implant-program-program-description-rationale-and-utilization-trends
#5
Fatemeh S Afshari, Cortino Sukotjo, Maria F Alfaro, Jeri McCombs, Stephen D Campbell, Kent L Knoernschild, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan
A recently revised predoctoral implant curriculum at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry integrated digital dentistry into both the preclinical dental implant course and clinical activities. Traditionally, competence in the didactic and clinical parts of predoctoral education in single tooth implant restorations has emphasized the analog impression technique and subsequent mounting of soft tissue working casts. However, computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) implant restorations can play a significant role in predoctoral dental education utilizing digital technologies...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765436/predoctoral-teaching-of-geriatric-dentistry-in-u-s-dental-schools
#6
Ronald L Ettinger, Zachary S Goettsche, Fang Qian
The aim of this study was to assess the current teaching of geriatric dentistry in U.S. dental schools and compare the findings to previous reports. Academic deans at all 67 U.S. dental schools were contacted in November 2015 via email, asking them to complete a questionnaire about the teaching of geriatric dentistry or gerodontology at their institution. Questionnaires were received from 56 of the 67 schools (84% response rate). The results showed that geriatric dentistry was taught in all responding schools; for 92...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764979/apical-periodontitis-a-predictor-variable-for-preeclampsia-a-case-control-study
#7
Navid Khalighinejad, Anita Aminoshariae, James C Kulild, Andre Mickel
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE) is characterized by hypertension and proteinuria after the 20th week of gestation. There is an association between systemic inflammation and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as PE. Therefore, for the first time, the present study aimed to investigate the possible association between maternal apical periodontitis (AP) and PE. METHODS: In this case-control study, 50 mothers who were diagnosed with PE during pregnancy were included in the experimental group...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757939/correlation-between-parodontal-indexes-and-orthodontic-retainers-prospective-study-in-a-group-of-16-patients
#8
D DI Venere, F Pettini, G M Nardi, A Laforgia, G Stefanachi, V Notaro, B Rapone, F R Grassi, M Corsalini
PURPOSE: Fixed retainers are used to stabilize dental elements after orthodontic treatment. Being it a permanent treatment, it is necessary to instruct patients about a constant and continuous monitoring of their periodontal conditions and a correct oral hygiene. The aim of this study was to highlight the possible adverse effects of bonded retainers on parameters correlated to the health conditions of periodontal tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 16 patients, under treatment in the Orthodontics Department of University of Bari Dental School, who had undergone a lingual retainer insertion at the end of the orthodontic treatment...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750016/intensity-and-duration-of-neutropenia-relates-to-the-development-of-oral-mucositis-but-not-odontogenic-infection-during-chemotherapy-for-hematological-malignancy
#9
Megumi Kishimoto, Masaya Akashi, Kazuyuki Tsuji, Junya Kusumoto, Shungo Furudoi, Yasuyuki Shibuya, Yumiko Inui, Kimikazu Yakushijin, Shinichiro Kawamoto, Atsuo Okamura, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Takahide Komori
BACKGROUND: D-index which combines the intensity and duration of neutropenia is reported as a tool for evaluating the dynamics of neutropenia. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between D-index and oral complications (i.e., oral mucositis [OM] and odontogenic infection [OI]) during chemotherapies for hematological malignancies. METHODS: A total of 421 chemotherapeutic courses in 104 patients were analyzed. Chemotherapeutic courses in patients who finished all of the prophylactic dental treatments were defined as "treatment Finish"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729584/using-virtual-microscopy-to-deliver-an-integrated-oral-pathology-course-for-undergraduate-dental-students
#10
D J Brierley, P M Speight, K D Hunter, P Farthing
Dental students in the United Kingdom usually study histopathology as part of their undergraduate curriculum and this has traditionally been delivered using light microscopes in laboratory classes. Beginning in 2005, the oral pathology course in Sheffield was gradually modified by the introduction of virtual microscopy with a focus on creating a more integrated, clinically orientated and dynamic approach to student teaching and learning in histopathology. The purpose of this paper is to describe how virtual microscopy has been used to enhance dental students' learning of oral pathology, and its role in facilitating an integrated oral disease curriculum in Sheffield...
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726429/-osteoprotective-therapy-with-bisphosphonates-or-denosumab-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-benefit-and-risks
#11
Zdeněk Adam, Jan Straub, Marta Krejčí, Luděk Pour, Dagmar Brančíková, Lenka Ostřížková, Viera Sandecká, Martin Štork
Bisphosphonates have been used during the complete treatment of multiple myeloma for more than twenty years. They slow osteolysis and thereby contribute to the improvement of quality of life. Their long-term use, however, is related to 2 serious, usually later appearing complications: osteonecrosis of the jaw, occurring in 6-9 % of patients, and rarer atypical bone fractures. Both these complications are very difficult to heal, and all the more emphasis is therefore laid on prevention. This first of all includes discussion about the risk with the patient, followed by a dental checkup before the commencement of therapy and then repeated during its course, as well as reduced use of these drugs for a necessary period of time...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716179/surgical-treatment-of-chronic-rhinosinusitis-after-sinus-lift
#12
Nicole Tin-Lok Jiam, Andrew N Goldberg, Andrew H Murr, Steven D Pletcher
BACKGROUND: The sinus lift (or sinus augmentation) is a common procedure to improve maxillary bone stock before dental implantation. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a potential complication of this procedure and may be refractory to medical treatment. Functional endoscopic sinus surgery has previously been used to address CRS, however, results of previous studies indicated that implant removal is required. There are limited follow-up data available. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the long-term outcomes and efficacy of endoscopic sinus surgery for refractory CRS after sinus lift, including the ability to salvage dental implants...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714187/a-critique-of-utilitarian-and-instrumentalist-concepts-for-the-teaching-of-gross-anatomy-to-medical-and-dental-students-an-opinion-piece
#13
Bernard J Moxham, Diogo Pais
Medical and dental curricula, together with anatomical sciences courses, are increasingly having to change, mainly because there is a drive to being what is termed, without adequate definition, 'clinically relevant'. The concept of 'clinical anatomy' has accordingly been invented and it is expected that, at all times, the teaching of anatomy is directly focussed on clinical scenarios, meaning almost invariably the 'disease-based model of medicine and dentistry'. Furthermore, students are not expected to have a detailed knowledge of gross anatomy and the time devoted to teaching and learning the subject has decreased significantly...
July 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711884/-comperative-characteristics-of-different-organizational-approaches-to-the-provision-of-dental-care-in-ukraine-and-slovakia
#14
Іван Рогач, Генадій Слабкий, Рената Погоріляк, Марина Ціцвакова, Денис Шип, Дана Данко
INTRODUCTION: Saving dental health is a priority, which is controlled by the European strategy for the World Health Organization to achieve ≪Health for All≫. THE AIM: To study and compare organizational approaches to the organization of dental care in Ukraine and Slovakia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the course of the work we used statistical, bibliosemantic methods and the method of structural and logical analysis, the data of the statistical branch reporting of Ukraine, Slovakia and the data of the European database ≪Health for All≫ were used...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695720/work-assignments-delegation-of-tasks-and-job-satisfaction-among-danish-dental-hygienists
#15
M Hach, K B Aaberg, S M Lempert, B Danielsen
INTRODUCTION: Recent legislation in Denmark has made it possible for dentists to delegate their tasks to dental hygienists. Previous studies have shown that Danish dental hygienists primarily were performing assignments within their own work field. These assignments include prophylaxis or instructing patients in oral health care. However, studies have also shown that Danish dental hygienists performed dental nurse assignments such as chair-side assistance, unit cleaning and disinfection of instruments...
August 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687279/the-impact-of-expert-and-peer-feedback-on-communication-skills-of-undergraduate-dental-students-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Felix Krause, Gerhard Schmalz, Rainer Haak, Katrin Rockenbauch
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of peer- and expert feedback on communication skills of undergraduate dental students. METHODS: All students of the first clinical treatment course (n=46) were randomly assigned into two groups. For three times a medical-dental interview/consultation of each student with a real patient was videotaped. After every consultation the videos were assessed either by a person experienced in communication (expert group) or by a fellow student (peer group), giving the students feedback regarding their chairside performed communication skills...
June 19, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672142/how-effective-is-the-tent-screw-pole-technique-compared-to-other-forms-of-horizontal-ridge-augmentation
#17
George R Deeb, Dan Tran, Caroline K Carrico, Erin Block, Daniel M Laskin, Janina Golob Deeb
PURPOSE: The tent screw pole technique is one of the methods available for practitioners to perform horizontal ridge augmentation to facilitate dental implant placement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the tent screw pole technique for horizontal ridge augmentation and to compare the results with those of the tunnel technique and open ridge augmentation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, 35 patients underwent horizontal ridge augmentation with the tent screw pole technique, a 1:1 ratio of mineralized freeze-dried bone allograft and particulate bovine hydroxyapatite, and a resorbable collagen membrane...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671911/burnout-and-work-engagement-among-us-dentists
#18
Jean Marie Calvo, Japneet Kwatra, Alfa Yansane, Oluwabunmi Tokede, Ronald C Gorter, Elsbeth Kalenderian
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a threat to patient safety. It relates to emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment. Work engagement conversely composed of levels of vigor, dedication, and absorption in one's profession. The aim of this study was to examine burnout and work engagement among US dentists. METHODS: This study used the extensively validated Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale to measure burnout in a self-administered survey of 167 US dentists who attended continuing education courses held in Boston, Pittsburg, Iowa City, and Las Vegas...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661799/accountable-care-organizations-and-oral-health-accountability
#19
Melanie E Mayberry
Accountable care organizations agree to be accountable for the cost and outcomes of an attributed population. However, in many, no provisions have been made to account for oral health. There are several social, medical, and financial implications for health care provider and payer systems and health care outcomes when oral health is not accounted for in patient management. How can an organization strive to improve population health without including the oral health system? Total systemic health for a population must include oral health...
May 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653433/immediate-loading-of-four-interforaminal-implants-supporting-a-locator-retained-mandibular-overdenture-in-the-elderly-results-of-a-3-year-randomized-controlled-prospective-clinical-study
#20
Stephan Acham, Petra Rugani, Astrid Truschnegg, Angelika Wildburger, Walther A Wegscheider, Norbert Jakse
BACKGROUND: Implant-retained overdentures have become a standard option for the prosthetic treatment of the edentulous mandible in the elderly. PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to compare immediate and conventional loading of four interforaminal implants supporting a Locator-retained mandibular overdenture in elderly patients regarding implant survival, implant stability, and implant-related complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population comprised 20 completely edentulous patients (11 males) aged 60 years and older with severe mandible resorption...
June 27, 2017: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
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