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Coaches, personal/athletic trainers

Bob Murray, Christine Rosenbloom
The ability of athletes to train day after day depends in large part on adequate restoration of muscle glycogen stores, a process that requires the consumption of sufficient dietary carbohydrates and ample time. Providing effective guidance to athletes and others wishing to enhance training adaptations and improve performance requires an understanding of the normal variations in muscle glycogen content in response to training and diet; the time required for adequate restoration of glycogen stores; the influence of the amount, type, and timing of carbohydrate intake on glycogen resynthesis; and the impact of other nutrients on glycogenesis...
April 1, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
Christian Weich, Randall L Jensen, Manfred Vieten
Various publications discuss the discrepancies of running in triathlons and stand-alone runs. However, those methods, such as analysing step-characteristics or ground-contact time, lack the ability to quantitatively discriminate between subtle running differences. The attractor method can be applied to overcome those shortcomings. The purpose was to detect differences in athletes' running patterns (δM) and movement precision (δD) by comparing a 5,000 m run after a prior cycling session (TRun) with an isolated run over the same distance (IRun)...
November 15, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
Ajay S Padaki, Christopher S Ahmad, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Charles A Popkin
BACKGROUND: Youth athlete specialization has been linked to decreased enjoyment, burnout, and increased injury risk, although the impact of specialization on athletic success is unknown. The extent to which parents exert extrinsic influence on this phenomenon remains unclear. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The goal of this study was to assess parental influences placed on young athletes to specialize. It was hypothesized that parents generate both direct and indirect pressures on specialized athletes...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael D Cusimano, Jane Topolovec-Vranic, Stanley Zhang, Sarah J Mullen, Mattew Wong, Gabriela Ilie
OBJECTIVE: The present study is to identify factors contributing to underreporting of concussion in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews. SETTING: Participants were interviewed in an office environment. PARTICIPANTS: Interviews were conducted with 31 minor hockey players, 10 parents, 6 coaches, 4 trainers, 2 managers, and one game official. Players were 13 to 15 year old. With selective sampling, an inductive approach of analyzing the interviews was undertaken and themes were identified and analyzed...
July 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Austin V Stone, Sandeep Mannava, Anita Patel, Alejandro Marquez-Lara, Michael T Freehill
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use of long-toss throwing in baseball as a component of arm conditioning, interval throwing programs, and rehabilitation, long-toss distance and throwing mechanics remain controversial. PURPOSE: To ascertain the perceived definition of long-toss throwing through a survey of professional pitchers, pitching coaches (PCs), and certified athletic trainers (ATCs) associated with Major League Baseball. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Ashley Goodman, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:  The athletics model, in which athletic training clinical programs are part of the athletics department, is the predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of this model, particularly as it relates to organizational hierarchy. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the perceived benefits of and barriers in the athletics model. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
Shinsuke Hara, Takashi Kawabata, Hajime Nakamura
Real-time monitoring of vital signs from persons during exercises is useful from the medical, healthcare and sports physiological points of view. In professional team sports, physical trainers or technical coaches want to manage the physical conditions of athletes during exercise training in the grounds, on the other hand, in elementary and junior high schools, teachers want to take care of schoolchildren during physical training. In realization of the vital signs monitoring, there are three technical problems to be solved...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Kimberly G Naftel, Elizabeth M Yust, Michele H Nichols, William D King, Drew Davis
OBJECTIVES: To identify modifiable barriers in resources, knowledge, and management that may improve the care of young athletes with concussions in the state of Alabama. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to 2668 middle and high school coaches of contact sports in Alabama, and a paper survey was completed by 79 certified athletic trainers (ATCs) in 2010. Questions focused on their resource availability, knowledge of concussions based on the 2008 Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport: the 3rd International Conference on Concussion in Sport (commonly known as the Zurich consensus statement), and management of concussions...
July 2014: Southern Medical Journal
Joshua D Newton, Peta E White, Michael T Ewing, Michael Makdissi, Gavin A Davis, Alex Donaldson, S John Sullivan, Hugh Seward, Caroline F Finch
OBJECTIVES: Sporting bodies have developed guidelines for managing community-level players with suspected concussion in response to international consensus statements on concussion in sport. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence the intended use of concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers from two popular football codes in Australia: Australian football and rugby league. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
September 2014: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Christi B Brewer, John P Bentley, Jeffrey S Hallam, Catherine D Woodyard, Dwight E Waddell
The objectives of this study were to examine the use of the analgesics for the relief of exercise-associated pain (EAP) and to examine personal and/or exercise characteristics that might potentially predict such use in recreationally trained college-aged individuals. Recreationally trained college-aged students (N = 263) were invited to complete a self-administered 16-item questionnaire concerning personal exercise habits and analgesic use for EAP. The primary dependent variable was analgesic use for EAP, and additional items sought to characterize patterns and behaviors related to the use...
January 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Matthew C Jackson, Lee E Brown, Jared W Coburn, Daniel A Judelson, Nick Cullen-Carroll
There is a disagreement surrounding the names of resistance training exercises. The purpose of this study was to survey different professionals regarding the nomenclature of resistance training exercises. Two hundred five participants volunteered for the study, of which, 64.9 % were male. Participants self-identified as either certified athletic trainer (22.4%), academic (18.5%), strength and conditioning coach (25.9%), personal trainer (15.6%), or clinician (17.6%). Participants were asked to name 10 resistance training exercises as depicted by pictures...
May 2013: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Roberto C Ruiz, Douglas J Casa, Kelly D Pagnotta, Danielle E Pinkus, Lawrence E Armstrong, Carl M Maresh
CONTEXT: Athletic trainers (ATs) know to diagnose exertional heat stroke (EHS) via rectal thermometry (T(re)) and to treat EHS via cold-water immersion (CWI) but do not implement these recommendations in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To gain an understanding of educational techniques used to deliver content regarding EHS. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: In-person focus groups at the National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) Annual Meeting in June 2009 and 2 follow-up telephone interviews to confirm emergent themes...
September 2011: Journal of Athletic Training
Michelle A Cleary, Kelsey A Sadowski, Samuel Y-C Lee, Gretchen L Miller, Andrew W Nichols
Cleary, MA, Sadowski, KA, Lee, SY-C, Miller, GL, and Nichols, AW. Exertional rhabdomyolysis in an adolescent athlete during preseason conditioning: a perfect storm. J Strength Cond Res 25(12): 3506-3513, 2011-The purpose of this brief review is to present a case of a healthy, male adolescent athlete (age = 16 years, body mass = 67.9 kg, height = 165.5 cm) who participated in a 3-day preseason wrestling camp which resulted in hospitalization for exertional rhabdomyolysis. As part of the preseason conditioning program directed by the coaches, the athlete completed 60 minutes of short, intense intervals of wall-sits, squats, sit-ups, push-ups, lunges, and plyometric jumps...
December 2011: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Damien Clement, Vanessa R Shannon
CONTEXT: According to the buffering hypothesis, social support moderates the harmful effects of stress and, in turn, indirectly affects injured athletes' health and well-being. Previous research suggests that perceptions of social support influence athletes' psychological reactions, as well as their rehabilitation adherence, but additional research in this area is warranted. OBJECTIVE: To examine injured athletes' perceptions regarding satisfaction, availability, and contribution for each of the 8 types of social support...
November 2011: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Jonathan Hawkeswood, Heather Finlayson, Russ O'Connor, Hugh Anton
OBJECTIVE: To describe sledge hockey injury patterns, safety issues and to develop potential injury prevention strategies. DESIGN: Pilot survey study of international sledge hockey professionals, including trainers, physiotherapists, physicians, coaches and/or general managers. SETTING: Personal encounter or online correspondence. RESPONDENTS: Sledge hockey professionals; a total of 10 respondents from the 5 top-ranked international teams recruited by personal encounter or online correspondence...
September 2011: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
U Johnson, A Ivarsson
Previous researches have established models that specify psychological factors that could predict sport injuries. One example is Williams and Andersen's stress-injury model stressing factors such as anxiety, negative life stress and few coping resources. The purpose of the current study was to find psychological factors that could lead to an increased injury risk among junior soccer players, in addition to construct an empirical model of injury risk factors for soccer players. The participants were 108 male and female soccer players (m=17, 6) studying at soccer high schools in southwest Sweden...
February 2011: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
E Joy, N Clark, M L Ireland, J Martire, A Nattiv, S Varechok
Multidisciplinary management of the female athlete triad (disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis) is optimal, but what exactly does it entail? With the primary care physician as the point person, the healthcare team addresses the underlying causes of disordered eating through such measures as drawing up a contract for returning to play, resolving nutrition issues, exploring psychotherapy options, and, sometimes, prescribing antidepressants. Hormone replacement therapy and conservative or orthopedic intervention for stress fractures may also be required...
April 1997: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Michelle L Kania, Barbara B Meyer, Kyle T Ebersole
CONTEXT: Recent research in the health care professions has shown that specific personal and environmental characteristics can predict burnout, which is a negative coping strategy related to stressful situations. Burnout has been shown to result in physiologic (eg, headaches, difficulty sleeping, poor appetite), psychological (eg, increased negative self-talk, depression, difficulty in interpersonal relationships), and behavioral (eg, diminished care, increased absenteeism, attrition) symptoms...
January 2009: Journal of Athletic Training
Jan L Drummond, Karen S Hostetter, Robin L Ploeger
To explore athletes' perceptions related to coaching and athletic training care, the Coaching and Athletic Training Questionnaire was developed. A 10-item version was administered to 708 varsity athletes from three Division I universities in the National Collegiate Athletic Association. 341 women and 344 men completed questionnaires. Data from half of the sample of 685 were used for an exploratory factor analysis using principal components analysis with oblique rotation and the second half for a confirmatory factor analysis...
August 2008: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Joel L Boyd
The team physician landscape is littered with political land mines. In the high-stakes world of professional sports, the politics of each encounter and medical decision--from figuring out how to get hired, to setting up a communication chain of command, to treating visiting players, to fending off the media--must be identified, assessed, and resolved. Key information must be communicated according to the expectations and unique personalities of each owner, general manager, coach, trainer, and athlete. The best team physicians manage relationships, competing agendas, and politically charged circumstances as adeptly as they wield a scalpel...
April 2007: Clinics in Sports Medicine
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