keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Complex training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088549/redistribution-of-elements-between-wastes-and-organic-bearing-material-in-the-dispersion-train-of-gold-bearing-sulfide-tailings-part-i-geochemistry-and-mineralogy
#1
B Yu Saryg-Ool, I N Myagkaya, I S Kirichenko, M A Gustaytis, O V Shuvaeva, S M Zhmodik, E V Lazareva
Migration and redistribution of elements during prolonged interaction of cyanide wastes with the underlying natural organic-bearing material have been studied in two ~40cm deep cores that sample primary ores and their weathering profile (wastes I and II, respectively) in the dispersion train of gold-bearing sulfide tailings in Siberia. Analytical results of SR-XRF, whole-rock XRF, AAS, CHNS, and SEM measurements of core samples show high K, Sr, Ti, and Fe enrichments and correlation of P2O5 and Mn with LOI and Corg...
January 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088485/semantic-attributes-are-encoded-in-human-electrocorticographic-signals-during-visual-object-recognition
#2
Kyle Rupp, Matthew Roos, Griffin Milsap, Carlos Caceres, Christopher Ratto, Mark Chevillet, Nathan E Crone, Michael Wolmetz
Non-invasive neuroimaging studies have shown that semantic category and attribute information are encoded in neural population activity. Electrocorticography (ECoG) offers several advantages over non-invasive approaches, but the degree to which semantic attribute information is encoded in ECoG responses is not known. We recorded ECoG while patients named objects from 12 semantic categories and then trained high-dimensional encoding models to map semantic attributes to spectral-temporal features of the task-related neural responses...
January 11, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087402/accuracy-is-in-the-eyes-of-the-pathologist-the-visual-interpretive-process-and-diagnostic-accuracy-with-digital-whole-slide-images
#3
Tad T Brunyé, Ezgi Mercan, Donald L Weaver, Joann G Elmore
Digital whole slide imaging is an increasingly common medium in pathology, with application to education, telemedicine, and rendering second opinions. It has also made it possible to use eye tracking devices to explore the dynamic visual inspection and interpretation of histopathological features of tissue while pathologists review cases. Using whole slide images, the present study examined how a pathologist's diagnosis is influenced by fixed case-level factors, their prior clinical experience, and their patterns of visual inspection...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077665/spatial-cognition-in-a-virtual-reality-home-cage-extension-for-freely-moving-rodents
#4
Ursula Kaupert, Kay Thurley, Katja Frei, Francesco Bagorda, Alexej Schatz, Gilad Tocker, Sophia Rapoport, Dori Derdikman, York Winter
Virtual reality environments are part of a powerful tool set to investigate brain mechanisms of behavior in animals. For this, animals are mostly head-fixed or in a harness, and training for cognitively more complex VR paradigms is time consuming. A virtual reality apparatus allowing free animal movement and 24/7 operator-independent training of tasks would enable many new applications. Key prospective usages include brain imaging in behaving animals carrying a miniaturized mobile device such as a fluorescence microscope, or an optetrode...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077311/cortical-thickness-increases-after-simultaneous-interpretation-training
#5
Alexis Hervais-Adelman, Barbara Moser-Mercer, Micah M Murray, Narly Golestani
Simultaneous interpretation is a complex cognitive task that not only demands multilingual language processing, but also requires application of extreme levels of domain-general cognitive control. We used MRI to longitudinally measure cortical thickness in simultaneous interpretation trainees before and after a Master's program in conference interpreting. We compared them to multilingual control participants scanned at the same interval of time. Increases in cortical thickness were specific to trainee interpreters...
January 9, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076781/crtc1-nuclear-translocation-following-learning-modulates-memory-strength-via-exchange-of-chromatin-remodeling-complexes-on-the-fgf1-gene
#6
Shusaku Uchida, Brett J W Teubner, Charles Hevi, Kumiko Hara, Ayumi Kobayashi, Rutu M Dave, Tatsushi Shintaku, Pattaporn Jaikhan, Hirotaka Yamagata, Takayoshi Suzuki, Yoshifumi Watanabe, Stanislav S Zakharenko, Gleb P Shumyatsky
Memory is formed by synapse-to-nucleus communication that leads to regulation of gene transcription, but the identity and organizational logic of signaling pathways involved in this communication remain unclear. Here we find that the transcription cofactor CRTC1 is a critical determinant of sustained gene transcription and memory strength in the hippocampus. Following associative learning, synaptically localized CRTC1 is translocated to the nucleus and regulates Fgf1b transcription in an activity-dependent manner...
January 10, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075207/perceived-needs-for-different-components-in-a-rehabilitation-program-among-cancer-survivors-with-chronic-fatigue-compared-to-survivors-without-chronic-fatigue
#7
Gunhild M Gjerset, Jon H Loge, Cecilie E Kiserud, Sophie D Fosså, Sævar B Gudbergsson, Line M Oldervoll, Torbjørn Wisløff, Lene Thorsen
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the user' needs is important to develop targeted rehabilitation for cancer patients with chronic fatigue (CF). The aims of the study were to examine prevalence of CF in cancer survivors attending an one-week inpatient educational program (IEP) and to identify characteristics of those with CF. Further to examine the perceived needs for different components in a rehabilitation program, need of complex rehabilitation (at least two components) and aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among survivors with CF versus those without CF...
January 11, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074720/-registration-of-assessments-in-orthopaedic-residents-portfolios-is-falling-short
#8
S N van Vendeloo, P L P Brand, B J Burger, R G H H Nelissen, S K Bulstra, C C P M Verheyen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate of the number of registered competency assessments in the portfolios of orthopaedic residents in the Netherlands, for whom a competency-based training programme is mandatory. DESIGN: National cohort study. METHOD: We collected data regarding the registered assessments of all orthopaedic residents who finished their training between 2012-2015. We determined the number of registered assessments of 'standard orthopaedic treatments' (evaluating residents' competency in 70 different orthopaedic treatments), objective structured clinical skills evaluations (OSCEs), critically appraised topics (CATs), and 360 degree feedback appraisals...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074313/characterizing-clinical-genetic-counselors-countertransference-experiences-an-exploratory-study
#9
Rebecca Reeder, Patricia McCarthy Veach, Ian M MacFarlane, Bonnie S LeRoy
Countertransference (CT) refers to conscious and unconscious emotions, fantasies, behaviors, perceptions, and psychological defenses genetic counselors experience in response to any aspect of genetic counseling situations (Weil 2010). Some authors theorize about the importance of recognizing and managing CT, but no studies solely aim to explore genetic counselors' experiences of the phenomenon. This study examined the extent to which clinical genetic counselors' perceive themselves as inclined to experience CT, gathered examples of CT encountered in clinical situations, and assessed their CT management strategies...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073756/feature-selection-using-a-one-dimensional-na%C3%A3-ve-bayes-classifier-increases-the-accuracy-of-support-vector-machine-classification-of-cdr3-repertoires
#10
Mattia Cinelli, Yuxin Sun, Katharine Best, James M Heather, Shlomit Reich-Zeliger, Eric Shifrut, Nir Friedman, John Shawe-Taylor, Benny Chain
MOTIVATION: Somatic DNA recombination, the hallmark of vertebrate adaptive immunity, has the potential to generate a vast diversity of antigen receptor sequences. How this diversity captures antigen specificity remains incompletely understood. In this study we use high throughput sequencing to compare the global changes in T cell receptor β chain complementarity determining region 3 (CDR3β) sequences following immunization with ovalbumin administered with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) or CFA alone...
January 10, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073736/development-of-an-educational-game-to-set-up-surgical-instruments-on-the-mayo-stand-or-back-table-applied-research-in-production-technology
#11
Crislaine Pires Padilha Paim, Silvia Goldmeier
BACKGROUND: Existing research suggests that digital games can be used effectively for educational purposes at any level of training. Perioperative nursing educators can use games to complement curricula, in guidance and staff development programs, to foster team collaboration, and to give support to critical thinking in nursing practice because it is a complex environment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of developing an educational game to set up surgical instruments on the Mayo stand or back table as a resource to assist the instructor in surgical instrumentation training for students and nursing health professionals in continued education...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072539/extension-of-the-reaxff-combustion-force-field-towards-syngas-combustion-and-initial-oxidation-kinetics
#12
Chowdhury Ashraf, Adri C T van Duin
A detailed insight of key reactive events related to oxidation and pyrolysis of hydrocarbon fuels further enhances our understanding of combustion chemistry. Though comprehensive kinetic models are available for smaller hydrocarbons (typically C3 or lower), developing and validating reaction mechanisms for larger hydrocarbons is a daunting task, due to the complexity of their reaction networks. The ReaxFF method provides an attractive computational method to obtain reaction kinetics for complex fuel and fuel mixtures, providing an accuracy approaching ab-initio based methods, but with a significantly lower computational expense...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071806/gps-perspectives-on-prescribing-for-older-people-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#13
David O Riordan, Stephen Byrne, Aoife Fleming, Patricia M Kearney, Rose Galvin, Carol Sinnott
AIMS: The aim of this study was firstly to reveal the determinants of GP prescribing behaviour for older adults in primary care and secondly to elicit GPs' views on the potential role for broad intervention strategies involving pharmacists and/or information technology systems in general practice. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were carried out with a purposive sample of GPs. Three multidisciplinary researchers independently coded the interview data using a framework approach...
January 10, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069883/comparison-of-phenotypic-methods-for-the-detection-of-penicillinase-in-staphylococcus-aureus-and-proposal-of-a-practical-diagnostic-approach
#14
Michael Hombach, Christoph Weissert, Maria Magdalena Senn, Reinhard Zbinden
OBJECTIVES: Disc diffusion is a cost-efficient, low-complexity, reliable method for detection of blaZ-mediated benzylpenicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus if the zone edge is inspected. EUCAST breakpoints cannot fully separate β-lactamase-positive from β-lactamase-negative strains, and EUCAST recommends the zone edge test. Literature on nitrocefin-based testing and the zone edge test is scarce with wide variations in reported assay performance. METHODS: This study compared two different nitrocefin-based commercial and in-house tests and the EUCAST-based zone edge test for penicillinase detection in S...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068981/factors-affecting-evidence-use-in-food-policy-making-processes-in-health-and-agriculture-in-fiji
#15
Gade Waqa, Colin Bell, Wendy Snowdon, Marj Moodie
BACKGROUND: There is limited research on the use of evidence to inform policy-making in the Pacific. This study aims to identify and describe factors that facilitate or limit the use of evidence in food-related policy-making in the Health and Agriculture Ministries in Fiji. METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with selected policy-makers in two government ministries that were instrumental in the development of food-related policies in Fiji designed to prevent Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068906/cherish-collaboration-for-hospitalised-elders-reducing-the-impact-of-stays-in-hospital-protocol-for-a-multi-site-improvement-program-to-reduce-geriatric-syndromes-in-older-inpatients
#16
Alison M Mudge, Merrilyn D Banks, Adrian G Barnett, Irene Blackberry, Nicholas Graves, Theresa Green, Gillian Harvey, Ruth E Hubbard, Sharon K Inouye, Sue Kurrle, Kwang Lim, Prue McRae, Nancye M Peel, Jessica Suna, Adrienne M Young
BACKGROUND: Older inpatients are at risk of hospital-associated geriatric syndromes including delirium, functional decline, incontinence, falls and pressure injuries. These contribute to longer hospital stays, loss of independence, and death. Effective interventions to reduce geriatric syndromes remain poorly implemented due to their complexity, and require an organised approach to change care practices and systems. Eat Walk Engage is a complex multi-component intervention with structured implementation, which has shown reduced geriatric syndromes and length of stay in pilot studies at one hospital...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068833/learning-curve-for-laparoendoscopic-single-incision-donor-nephrectomy-implications-for-laparoendoscopic-practice-and-training
#17
Christoph Troppmann, Chandrasekar Santhanakrishnan, Ghaneh Fananapazir, Kathrin Troppmann, Richard Perez
BACKGROUND: The learning curve for laparoendoscopic single incision live donor nephrectomy, which is technically more complex than the multi-port conventional laparoendoscopic approach, is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we analyzed the learning curve of the initial 114 consecutive single incision laparoendoscopic nephrectomies performed in nonselected live kidney donors. RESULTS: Median donor BMI was 26 kg/m2 (range, 20 to 34)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068789/pragmatic-trial-of-video-education-in-nursing-homes-the-design-and-rationale-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#18
Vincent Mor, Angelo E Volandes, Roee Gutman, Constantine Gatsonis, Susan L Mitchell
Background/Aims Nursing homes are complex healthcare systems serving an increasingly sick population. Nursing homes must engage patients in advance care planning, but do so inconsistently. Video decision support tools improved advance care planning in small randomized controlled trials. Pragmatic trials are increasingly employed in health services research, although not commonly in the nursing home setting to which they are well-suited. This report presents the design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated the "real world" application of an Advance Care Planning Video Program in two large US nursing home healthcare systems...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068484/informatics-and-data-analytics-to-support-exposome-based-discovery-for-public-health
#19
Arjun K Manrai, Yuxia Cui, Pierre R Bushel, Molly Hall, Spyros Karakitsios, Carolyn J Mattingly, Marylyn Ritchie, Charles Schmitt, Denis A Sarigiannis, Duncan C Thomas, David Wishart, David M Balshaw, Chirag J Patel
The complexity of the human exposome-the totality of environmental exposures encountered from birth to death-motivates systematic, high-throughput approaches to discover the environmental determinants of disease. In this review, we describe the state of science in analyzing the human exposome and provide recommendations for the public health community to consider in dealing with analytic challenges of exposome-based biomedical research. We describe extant and novel analytic methods needed to associate the exposome with critical health outcomes and contextualize the data-centered challenges by drawing parallels to other research endeavors such as human genomics research...
December 23, 2016: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065661/generalism-in-modern-subspecializing-medicine
#20
Marcel Levi
INTRODUCTION: Medicine is currently developing at a breath holding pace. Diseases and medical conditions for which no remedy was available only a few years ago, can now be treated or even completely cured. However, this advancement of medicine comes with increasing complexity in many situations. AIM AND METHOD: This article discusses how we have to adapt our health care organization and our work as physicians to better cope with the new challenges of the enormous advancement of medicine, with a specific focus on internal medicine...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
65465
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"